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L 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE: 

AND 

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. 

Fkom JULY TO DECEMBER, 1823. 

VOLUME XCIU. 

(BEING THE SIXTEENTH OF A NEW SERIES.) 

PART THE SECOND. 



¥. PLURIBUS. UNUM. 




By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent. 



lonDon : 

PRINTED BY JOHN NICHOLS AND SON, 25, FARLIAMEHT-STREZT ; 
AND SOLD BY JOHN HAARtS AND SON (suCCKfiSORS TO MRS. NEWVERT), 



TO SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent. 

ON COMPLBTIMG HIS NINETY -THIRD VOLUME. 



THE lark ascending to the azure skies. 
With dulcet notes, the ravishM ear supplies; 
And Urban*s nages numerous sweets dispense. 
That charm tne soul and captivate the sense. 
Yes, fam'd Syhanus i far you stretch your flight 
Cer Western climes to Eastern regions bright; 
There all that's antienl, curious, learn'd, or gay. 
In Letters, Arts, or Science, you display: 
You state what Fleets commercial make the shores. 
Their golden treasures, and their costly stores: 
Proclaim what blood-stain'd banners arc unfurPd, 
And every great event .that wakes the world. 

Whilom, Iberia's youth, thro* orange groves 
And bloomine maidens woo*d their tender loves; 
Beneath the nazel shade, the shepherd swains 
Tended their fleecy care on verdant plains. 
What sad reverse ! how chang'd this charming scene ! 
The liouid red of slaughter stains the green i 
As Gallia's Duke leads on his hostile train. 
Bent to destroy the liberties of Spain, 

The turban'd hosts their gleaming sabres wield — 
And Greece, by Freedom rous*d, disdains to yield. 
The cry is Libertv — it spreads around, — 
Their Valour striKes the Crescent to the ground. 
Heroes like these what Sultan dares to sway ? 
Like Xerxes' hosts his power shall melt away. 

The Muse departs from such ensanguin*d nghts 
To India's soil, and views more pleasing sights: 
She sees the happy and protected swains 
Enjoy the pleasures of their native plains ; 
And to their cultur*d fields and homes retire. 
Tasting the sweets of Free4om*i holy (ire. 
Say whence these sacred rights— tajf whence the cause ! — 
The mighty soul of Hastinm fram d their laws. 
He bade the horrid din of oattle cease. 
And fgk^t the nations pro^rty and peace. 
Ages to come shall hah his honoured name, 
And grave his deeds on brightest rolls of fame. 

But hark! the ear is struck by Jo^'s elad note. 
What pleasing tidings thro' the welkin float? 
See ! on the bosom of Old Thameis wave ! 
His streams again the Arclkc vessek lave. 
Safe is bold Parry, safe his hardy train. 
From the dread perils of the Icy main. 
What the* his great and enterprising soul ! 
Found not the rforih-wesi Passage to the P6le, 
Yet shall his toils Britannia's meed await. 
And honours just receive from Greorge*s Regal State. 

William Rawlirs. 
Tcversal Rectory, Dec. 31, 1823. 

i 54814 



PREFACE. 



WE are now rapidly approaching the Centenary of our existence. 
This Volume terminates our Ninety-third Year ; and in each suc- 
ceeding Address we have had the satisfaction of congratulating our- 
selves on the liberal support we continually experienced. Through 
every change of public taste and public opinion, the interests of the 
Gentleman's Magazine have remained firm and unshaken. Powerful 
rivals, stimulated by our success, have arisen at various intervals. 
Some of them, by great exertions, have struggled through a few years, 
and at length quietly departed this life. Others have entered the 
arena of Literature, with all the effirontery of aspirine coxcombs, and, 
after abusing and vilifying all contemporaries and existing institutions 
for a few months, have suddenly given up the ghost. One of them 
was even so unceremonious as to usurp our name; although with 
principles diametrically opposed; but this ungentlemanly assumption 
of our coat^ as the Heralds would say, received the contempt and neg- 
lect it merited. 

What has ^o lone conduced to our prosperity, through the ever- 
varying tide of public opinion, may be an object of literary specula- 
tion. Journals, like nations^ have their rise, their zenith, and their 
fall ; and their existence is frequently protracted or curtailed by 
peculiar circumstances, over which individual talents or exertions 
may have little control. On examination, it will be found that pe- 
riodical Works, the most violent in party spirit or calumnious vitu- 
peration, have the soonest fallen into disrepute; and although they 
might flourish for a season, their existence ceased, when the breath 
which fanned them into being was withdrawn. Their conductors have 
only consulted the ephemeral passions of the multitude ; and, as the 
popular effervescence has subsided, their '< froth and fury" has sunk 
into merited contempt. On the contrary, those Miscellanies, or Jour- 
nals, which have promoted the more substantial interests of Literature, 
retain a permanent value ; and being supported by the most respect- 
able portion of the community, are not subject to continual fluctua- 
tion or decay ; but long maintain a just and decided superiority. To 
this, we may venture to affirm, may be attributed our long and uni- 
form prosperity, — unparalleled in the annals of English Literature. 
Amongst the political convulsions, foreign contests, and domestic 
struggles of the last ninety-three years, it has been our constant 
study to promote that species of Literature which ever retains a per- 
manent and intrinsic v£uue ; so that our Volumes might be a desirable 
acquisition to every respectable Library, and thus become valuable^ 
as a reference, to posterity. We believe there is scarcely a subject, 
connected with the Arts and Sciences of the last century, of which 
useful information may not thence be derived. Few Publications of 
any consequence have passed unnoticed. Every deceased individual of 
eminence or rank in life has received, in our Biographical department, 
some tribute due to his memory. In Topography, although an ample 
field is still and perhaps ever will be open for research, our pages 
present an ample store ; as proof of this, we need only state that 



IV 



PREFACE. 



Mr. Bourn, in his valuable Gazetteer, has referred in almost every 
pa^e to our Publication. In Grenealogical lore none will dispute our 
claims. So valuable have our copious Indexes rendered this depart* 
ment, that pedieree-hunters genemly consider it their first resource ; 
and we observeo, in the report of a recent trial, respectinfi^ the charges 
of a late indefatigable Genealogist, that one of the chief items of his 
bill was for obtaining biogr^^cal information from the Gentleman'i 
M^azine! 

"nius, notwithstanding the menacing storms that have so long, with 
little intermission, hovered around our political horizon, the substantial 
interests of Knowledge, Learning, and Truth, have received our unre- 
mitting support. Foreign wars and intestine commotions, the natural 
enemies of Science, have at length happily subsided. England now 
presents the imposing spectacle of a powerful Nation, aggrandizing 
herself, not by aggression and spoliation^ but by commercial enter- 
prize. The increase in the Revenue, and the extraordinary rise of 
the Funds, afford flattering proofs of her present prosperity anfl suc- 
cess. With these national prospects, so favourable to intellectual 
pursuits, we may entertain sanguine expectations of long and steadily 
cultivating those valuable and useful branches of Literature which 
must flourish most when Peace and the Grenius of domestic Repose 
smile on oyr native land. To eiect this object no exertions on our 
parts shall be spared ; and in soliciting the future support of our learned 
Correspondents, we beg to return our grateful aclmowledgments for 
the many gems with which they have enriched our pages. In conclu- 
sion, we venture to refer our Readers with confidence to the contents 
of our present Volume, as classified under the respective Indexes. 

Dec. Si, 1893. 



I 



INDEX TO THE EMBELLISHMENTS. 



*«* Those marked that * are VigMttet f rioted with the Letter.preM. 



•AihtUm, Bp. rinf of 483 

*JUar, Roman, found at Great Boii|^h- 

ton 388 
Bloawi/Mdf Roben, retidence in Pitcher's- 

court 497 
^Baeard^ Oxford, curiouS door in 887 
BtMil Houte, ca York» Mtdal found 

near 305 
Bridge ^ Sutpensimh Durfaan 401 
CkarU^n Kmg^t Ckmxk, co. Qloucetter 

393 
OrmIi miiceUaneout 305 
•Cotiin, Sir J. faulehion of 6 IS. Mo- 

n^nlent in Sockbum Cbufoh 613 
*Door, ancient, in the PocardOtOsf. 387 
^Dhudale Church, monument In 611 
'Eiwich a^ck, Durham 577 
• Eti^kidtBAynion** monumtnt at 309 
.* Hcmrp y., monogram of S57 
,Homt€ of Lardt, M 489 
ZiUngion, Old Houses at 113 
Leatowct, in Shropsbirp^ view of 145. 
idil^, fym. Portrait of 897 
lAverpaol, Church for Welch Poor, at 199 
*M9nogram of Henry V. 857 
JI^M¥^MeJk Okurck, Buex 17 
J'am/^ Ctam^er, We§tioiiuter 489 



Ra^nimCi Mmameni at Enfield S09 
-JUcAorvf lit groat of 305 

Hickmcndt co. York, Grey Friers at 801 

Ring, found near Dorchester 305. *Bp. 
iUhstao's 483 

•Ripm Omrck, Bas-relief and date 
from 445. *Angel holdings a scroll 
and date 446 

♦JBimsm Mar, found at Great Bough- 
ton 388 

*Si* George, bas-relief of, at Nuremberg 

S9l 
Si. Pancrat Chofcl, Plymouth 577 
Smis, iniiicelianeous 305 
^Scdg^Ut Durham, skeleton on a 

bra« at 588 
•Stfukkrai Siomc, in Dinsdale Church 

611 
*Sochhmm Okarck, Monument of Sir J. 

Conyers at 613 
SimUkam, Seal of Simon, rector of 305 
Jiuachcr, B»m, Portrait of 9 
Tkne HaU PrnklieMmm, Islington 1 18 
*Tkruxl€n, Roman Candelabrum found 

at 889 
MifmsMler, Roval Palace 489 
fr^h Briigt^ DuAiim 40\ 




W.lwfc-4 Btmn on M-nnn. &o. 
n- (wM. Ko,XUl— Stwd.-t P.. 
Ew rfHin Tkiiclwi. I<ufii .k*r>D. .^,„. 
DwbM4 BbiU of Ud; KiihctiDa Grtj.... 
, ■fPnadcBM kUIi Sir Jmnih Bnulii reJt- 

!USb2*'**«'™™ 

^^■•— VIJ. ooio old N^Id IS 

a af BrilUh Hiniiiiflnei...,i^. 
toBinauththir* in 1 003.. I R 
h of Nlvcieacli, Euex..!? 
'•Work— ChatwrUn.CO 
a (>f MnHcrn Paprr.i.SI 
V H iiTo hy — SulTanl 19 
-Sir Sxnml Luke. 



KtOirn ar JHeu |BubIi(atl«ntf, 

Archcolo;;!*, 4 1 1— Ingnm'i Suinn ChroDicIa 4 i 

Hi<tntTi>rWu(<«>i»MrH>ll 

Cn><k*l>i>nk't PoinU of Humour 

Fonutloo of ■ FrovUfDt CkrioU Fund.... 

The Onnce SnUm eipotcd 31 

Tilt detTotpectii'f IUri(w,Nn>.Xll.&XllI,il' 
ShipmuiUD tba Ditorderi of iho Stomich... 

LetLcr t» Loni Hulliud, oa Nkpoleon 

AlUnion'i Kejr to tile l*lin lin^u«gfl 



'( Sannon..»...Gfi 



...as 



liatory 



9..-31 



n^daini/llaueUautiaD " Pri>c!<ciaui!"JI8 

[•■rfSt-MMj^vBow Tunc IB 1370 it. 

■''■ttWUb. fat OwkisgbiR. CUrch .39 

* 1^ PtoetiM od CinU of Coani; Cnuctt.t*. 
Bann'l Culltgi, C«inbridgs4D 



Miicriluieout Revim... 



Sd«o[Gurick'i>ndDii<iuin'<iPii:lu»tea~6i 
Setter PottaT — Cunbridge VriM Poem 6'i 

i^i^tovifnl Cbranicu. 

PrcKfcdinct in loe 5ei>ioaofPiirliBB«iC-....(;: 
Foreign Neni, 73- — DoniMtic Occumncea..,? 

rniDiatiou, &c. — Blnbi nod Muriagei. ''■ 

OsiTUtKY I urith Mrmoin of AdmirtI J. 
S<-b>nk: Count Becdiollci; Cl>lm^c>• of 
Cniiliaini Sir C.Miirdumi; SjrU.Cookci 

Sir R. H. BtoiMb: Archd. Goocli, &c B 

Bill nfMoiiJilT.— Pmcbi of MwkeM 3. 

McleDrologicil'riklilc.—Piica of Stock !li 

bnm dnf nd dumb; 



By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent. 

SPuliimmt Sttvtt, WhI 



t i } 

ItlKOfi CORRESPONDENCE. 



A Niw SuBSCRiBiR M nicmd for the mntum. Much iaeo&ftnietce mkI uncer- 

Cumpendium of the Hittorr of Nottlng- tuoty often arising ftom trtors mid devU- 

limoulurt to our Manzjne nir March and tknu originally and apparenlly very slight, 

Aoril 1819} and Mr. TWEMLOW fbr that of and naknponBat in the dednction of j^i- 

Cneshirey to December I8I69 and Afril greet, I am Ittdneed to trouble jour Corre- 

1818. witomimKi, mad to btrwie upon your pages 

A. H. thanlci oar Corretmmdenfty Mr. S. wA iSbh communication, entirely wttii the 

Dulte (Pkurt i. p. 609) , for nij Jndirioos and Yiew of obriadng each effects from haste or 

explanatory answers respecting Stonefaenget inadverunce." 

and fully agrees with him at to the gi— deur The same Co rr espondent states, in an- 
and sublimity of the whole structura. iwtr to AxTiauARiOf, Part i. p. 328, that 
, R. S. says, '* The Corporatioo of Liver- ' some account of Edward Lord Wiudsin- of 
pool, with their accustomed Uberallty, have Bradenham, will be found in Langley's His- 
nnsented to theTrusteea of the Liverpool tory of Desborough Hundred, and a more 
Royal Institotion lOOOt for the purchase of particukr rcbtion, together with a cony 
mathematical instruments, &c. and votod of hb hU will, in a quarto volume of the 
them the sum of 360i. aanually for the ge- History of the Windsor Family, 
neral purposes of that in&nt estabKshroent." V. says, *' With regard to the author of 
We understand there is to be an eahibition BagaUUta^ (pt. i. p. 16,) I would beg leave to 
of painting* in the Artists' Gallery, attach- suggest, that that little book may with some 
ed to the Institotion, at the approaching degree fd probability ^ — I go no furtlter, — 
Liverpool Musical Festival in October next, be assigned to the Rev. £nnet Allen, fur- 
ViATOR observes, " To prevent your merly Minister of llford, who was the trans- 
Correspondent who inquires aner the ocar- lator of <*Tlie Massacre of St. Bartholomew 
gills, nrom being misled bv the pedigree in- from Voltaire's Henriade." 
serted In Part ii. p. 594 ot your Supplement E. F. J. remarks, ** Mention having been 
to vol. xcii. I beg leave to mentioo, tliat in made (Pkrt i. p. 38 1) respecting the Barons 
the anlhentio pedigree of the antient fiunily of LAucatter, I there saw the name of 
of Pigot, I have seen the following perticu- (heUe, Baron of Manchester, which, witli 
hurs, which 1 believe may be relied upon. — many otliers, is not in Bankes's J^tinct 
Thomas Pigot of Clotheram, whom your Peerage. In a MS Baronage in my posses- 
Comspondent N. Y. W. O. mentioas as fo- sion, contamiog an account of the Peers of 
ther ot Elizabeth, wife of William Soargill, each reign, firom William the Conqueror, 
knt. wae the second son of Geffrey Pigot cf to ClutflM the Martyr ; under those created 
Rippon and Clothemm, knt. descended in a by William I. I have the following account 
right line frtmi Randolf Figot of MelmouW oi Grelye, Baron of Manchester. Robert 
and Ripon, co. Ywk, in temp. Edw. 111. Grelye came into England with the Cuii- 
The elder brother of this Thomas was Sir queror, who made him Baron of Manches- 
Randolph Figot of Clotheram, knt. living ter ; the last of which name was Thomas 
in the reign of Henry VII. and who married Grelie, Baron of Manchester, who died 
Joan, daughter of Sir Richard Strangwaies, without issue male, and left his daughter 
knt. but deceasing without issue, left his sole heir, anno 14 Edw. II. who was mar- 
estato to and amongst the four daughters of ried to Roger Lord l>ekware, who by her 
his brother Thomas, whose names and or- had John Lord Dekware, who married Mar- 
der of birth were Joan, Margaret, Eliza- met, daoghW of Robert Holland, and 
beth, and Margery, of whom Joan was Lord Roger Delaware, who married Ellen, 
married, first to Sir Giles Hussev of Gon- daaghter of Lord Mowbray, and died anno 
thorp, CO. Line. knt. and secondly to Tlios. 44 Edw. III. and had Thoa. DeUware, who 
F&Ikittghame [I R lopt the orthogrsphy of died without issue, and left Joane his sister 
the origioal], of North Hall near Leeds ; and heir, who married Sir Thomas West, 
Margaret, to James Medcalfe of Ni^pie, knight, Lord of Compton Vallencc, from 
CO. Richmond, knt.; Elizabeth, third dau. whom tlie present Lord DeUware is de- 
first to Sir Charles Bnndon, Imt> secondly scended. Arms : Gules, 3 bendlets en- 
to Jumes Strangewavs, knt. and thirdly to hanced Or. In the plates to Edmonsou's 
Francis Neville of Barby; and Margery to "Baronagium Genealogicuui," the Earl of 
Thomas Waterton, esq. Delaware quarters the above arms of Grelye, 

**From the above account, it. seems as representative of that antient fiunily." 
scarcely probable that £rual)eth could have -«.-. 

been the wife of Sir William Sirarsill, un- In our present Number, il. p. 48, I. -21 
less she had a fourth huibaod, of wliom the from bottom, put a foil-stop after ftbric. 
pedigree al>ove citec^, which is extremely Col. 9, 1. 11 from bottom, read crocket, 
j^articular and ^eaersHv accurate^ makes &<> P. 4.% I. ti, read flpwery. 



THE 

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE 



JULY, 1823. 



f ■ — 1^ 



OBionrAXi coMvnincA.Tiovs. 



Os THE MOUVTAIVS OP SwiTZBRLAI^D. 

TH£ aiiBiial iacKMe in the mini* of this chain, which are all calcarcouf. 

ber of English Travellen with They have been evidemlydetacUsd/coai 

thdr laaiiUcs at ihis season of the the AIjm, althoi^ many are fouud tp 

ynr, through Switxerlaod, has i»> be pot less distant than G&y league 

ODced me to ofl^ to poblic attentioa from them, and are inconlestible m»- 

tome obscrratiooB which, I trcMt, may B«unent8 of a g^t physical Tevohuiiyi 

be (bund not altogether uninteresting^ which at some antient period seems to 




Fkoc Excursions from home will its beds are interchanged with banks 4»f 

always be attended with cheerfulness mame or aigille, oontatning beautiful 

and profitable pleasure, when they are ^lUMiies of marble, asphaltus, gypsum, 

. ac c oas p suried with a spirit of inquiry salt, and sulphureous waters, a great 

int^ coBloms of Foreign nations, 'and number of petrifactions, and manv 

{ModoctioM of different countries. An sorts of fossils. 

ABCKaacd love la mankind is then con- Iioo mines ate abundant ; and in 

tracted towards those whom we did tlie vaileys are frequently discovered 

not know, atul an enlarw^ed and grate^ banks of bomlU tigneuse, which owe 

iiul sense of duty to the beneficence of their origin to whole forests or woods, 

creation is drawA ibrth from the heart, which appear to have experienced an 

where it would otherwise have re- enormous pressure, and to have beep 

Biaioed cither ibr ever dormant, or -buried at the termination of some 

at least opereted onljf in the limited grand catastrophe, 

knowledge of domestic associations. Jura is crossed by a small number 

■ of strait passes, which it is easy to 
THERE are two principal chains defend, as those of Geneva, rJEciuse, 
of Mountains in Switaerland ; that of d'Escl^, &c. It encircles a great 
Jurm^ which extends from West to the number of natural grottoes, where the 
North, and ibnns those boundaries of snow is retained during the whole 
the country; and that of the Alps, year; it is covered with pasture less 
which sumiund it at the South and verdant and Jess prolific than those of 
East, and which uonetrate to its cen- the Alps, but still very profitable to 
tie ; these two chains approach each their proprietors, and capole of feed- 
other in many of their points, and ing numerous flocks, aud car)x;tc(I 
arc separated by an immense valley, or with an infinity of aill pine plants. 
rather by plains interspersed with nills The brown bear who formerly inha- 
which cover the wliole Canton of bited these |)arts has become very rare, 
iyeneva, and a part of tlnne of Vaud, and now never shews himself but in 
Fribuig, &c. The chain of Jura, the most uncultivated and less inhabit- 
nearest lo the Alps, presents its most ed valleys. 

elevated points and blunted summits. The Aipt extend in length from 

which are 1 or 8,000 feet higher than 200 to 250 leagues, and in breuJUi 

the rest of the chain ; on the declivi- from 50 to 80, from the Mediterranean 

ties of this same side there are innu- and Provence to the frontiers of Hun- 

oierable fragments or blocks ofgrcis ^arv; crossing Switzeilaud, viVvtic\\\ 

ui gtsuaiu, whoify fofciga io the rocks i^ua in the neig\\\>oux\ng covxuxVvci 



4 On the Mmmiiam of Switzerland. [July, 

they attain their greatest eleYation^ may find the temperature of the air to 

aod produce their most extensive mas* be almost the same both day and 

sesy taking different names or epithets ni^t, in summer and winter. 

accordinc; to the countries through The influence of the heat upon the 

which they pass. The Romans m evaporation in the air nf mouniains is 

former times, and the French in our almost triple that which is exercised 

daySy have constructed several routes, in the plam ; it is to the great rarity 

and those over the Simplon and of the air in the Alps, and to the 

Mount Cenis arc of the latest date, energy with which it accelerates eva- 

and most general service. poration, that we should ascribe the 

The Alps form one of the principal exhaustion and uneasiness which many 

chains of mountains of the globe, and persons experience in ascending the 

the most lofty of any in Europe ; for, highest mountains i their respiration 

passing the less considerable chains, is constrained, and they are obliged to 

Mount Perdu, which is the highest stop frequently for rest. 

summit of the Pyrenees, does not ex- Where the clouds are seen to drag 

ceed 10,578 feet above the Mediterra- along the mountains and to veil their 

ncanSca; Velino, in the Appenines, summits, rain may be expected, and 

docs not rise beyond 7,668 feeti Etna when that has continued a long lime, 

10,000; the Peak of Lomintz, the snow will faltin the middle regions of 

most eminent of the Carpacs, 8, 100 : the Alps, before the rain entirely 

whilst the Piaster Aarhorn, in the ceases, and the weather becomes serene 

Helvetic Alps, attains 13,234 feet % and settled. 

Mount Rose, in the Pennine Alps, The pastures of the Alps generally 

14,580; and Mount Blanc 14,700 consist of two or three stations to 

feet I these latter mountains are with- which the cattle are led in succession, 

in 5,000 feet of the Cimboraco, in in the spring, summer, and autumn, 

Peru, above the city of Quito, which and each of which has its particular 

IS considered as one of the greatest season ; in the meadou's, below the 

giants of all the earth. hills, and iti the phin. In almost every 

The Alps of Switzerland are covered mclosure there is a barn, with stable's 

-with perpetual snow, especially those for the reception of hay gathered in 

whose summits exceed 8,000 or 8,200 during the summer, and where, dui> 

feet of elevation ; for it is generally ing the winter, cattle are housed from 

remarked of the whole surface of the the neighbouring villages, or those at 

globe, that heat diminishes in propor- the distance of a league or more ; the 

tion as we rise above the level of the view of all. these rustic boiMings a^ 

seas, and that we finally attain a fords great animation to the rural 

height where constant winter reigns, scenery of the verdure of Switzerland. 

This height varies, and follows the In these Alps there arc 400 Gla- 

latitude of different countries; it is ciers, which, according to Ebel, oc- 

14,760 feet over the Equator, and cupy a surface of more tnan ISO square 

gradually abates towards the poles to leagues, each of which are from one 

80^ of latitude, a point at which it is to seven leagues in length, half a 

confounded with the surface of the league, at least, in breadth, and from 

earth, at the sea side. one to six hundred feet in depth. 

The moment of the day, which is '• Such arc,'* says this writer, " the 

found to be the coldest upon the Alps, inexhaustible reser\'oirs from which 

IS commonly, as in the plain, that of the greatest and chief rivers of Europe 

sun rise ; so the moment of the great- are supplied.*' 

est heat is that at two hours after The Glaciers are formed in the 
noon; but the difference of the tempera- highest valleys of mountains, where 
ture between these two points of time the snows accumulate during nine 
is much less considerable at the great- months o{ the year, rolling in grand 
est elevations than at the borders of masses from the adjoining summits, 
the sea. and heap upon each other hi nume- 
De Saussure has observed, that at rous beds of many hundred feet of 
the Col du Giant, at 10,578 feet above condcnsion. These masses being too 
the sea, it was scarcely one-third of great to be dissolved during the sum- 
that at Geneva ; whence it may be iner, present, at the return of winter, 
concluded, that if wc can be raised to the ajipeai'ance of a mass of congealed 
6 or 7.000 toises above the sea, wc snows ; tliey thus increase every year 



ma.] On Ihc Maimiatiif of SwUxerUmd. 5 

till they are estendcd iato the lower hanters have a custom of snspending 
T&iUts, where a greater degree of heat during sammer their game in the fis- 
stojts their advance. The Glaciers sures of the Glaciers, that they may 
soQieiimcs diminish during many foi- be frozen, and thus preserved until the 
lowing years, tliat is to say, the infe- time when they would use them. The 
rior part of them, which spreads into inhabitants of the country employ the 
tnc fertile meadows of the valleys, loses ice of the Glaciers in desperate mala- 
by the melting of the summer such dies, especially in dysentery and as a 
a'quantity of ice, that it leaves a por- remedy against ague, on the principle 
lion of the soil which it occupies. In that contraries cure their contraries; 
ocher years; the Glaciers advance dif* they hold also, that the water of the 
ftrentiy, and descend further into the Glaciers has many uses, and cures 
culiivated vallies; there is nothing many diseases; in summer it is very 
refi;u(ar in their march, this depends cold, is thick, and of a cinder colour, 
on the temperature of the air, and and it issues through the valleys, re- 
abundiDCc of the snows. It is usually uniting in great rivers.'* 
in the spring that this increase of the The inhabitants of the Alpine val- 
GLaciers is made, for during the win- leys suffer durins the summer occa- 
ttr Uiey remain at rest like vegetation, sional ravages of the torrents, which 
bat in the summer thin fissures are form and mcrease prodigiously when 
most frequently opened, and this ope- there are any falls from the high 
ration is accompanied with a noise mountains. The fearful noise which 
like that of thunder, and with terrific is heard from the heights, announce 
ihakcf* that make the neighbouring their arrival for a (juarter or half an 
iiHMinuins tremble. Where these kind hour preceding, which affords time to 
of detonations are heard, and that take some means to avert this destroc- 
many times during the day, a change tive visitation. Those who have been 
in the atmosphere is expected ; these uiK>n these mountains during the time 
fissures vary from- day to day, and ren- of one of these storms, especially dur- 
der the Glaciers dangerous to travellers, ing a night of tempest, will retain the 
The sudden changes of the atnio- remembrance of one of the most im- 
sphere sometimes produce these fissures posing and terrific spectacles which 
in the Glaciers ; currents of cold air, has been given to man to consider i 
uhich bring with them particles of at one moment it is a wind of extra- 
ice, and disperse them to a distance as ordinary violence ; at the next, li^^ht- 
i iiri:t of snow. The Glaciers arc ning the most vivid, illuminating for an 
I iicii covered with fragments of stones instant the nidcst scene in nature, and 
r:;d rocks, brought thither by ava- leaving it in the profoundest darkness, 
Linches, or fallings from the adjoining followed by thunders re-echoed from 
^ .iiiniiis. Usually these fragments are the neighbouring summits I The storm 
L« «in.'kn (levees cast towards the base is often seen to rage helow the spec- 
yy* upon the sides of the Glacier, tator's feet, while he is cnjoyinp; the 
\.ti«:re they form enormous walls, 100 most serene and calm atmosphere; 
lift lu height, to which the name torrents pouring their whistling winds 
•■'' Moraines has been given. The on one side, and trees and roots torn 
^ Ilk* of ice which are observable at up on the other. The tenn)csts of the 
: •: ffioi of the Glaciers, and whence plains in some respects pnKluce similar 
.-! forrcnl sometime issues, arc always phenomena, but these arc by far the 
. riiied in the place where all the waters most terrible and sublime ! A. II. 
ir Tt i^hich spring from the melting (To bv continued*) 

• ' the ice; they take their rise in the ^ 

■niij:, and acquire in the summer, *. FTnuAw Scwhfn Vicara'^r, 

.iiiiL-iiMons which often attain 60 to ^^"- urban, Trnro, Julyb. 

iMi feti on every side. The water is "IT^HILST your Reviewer accepts 

white, and adhetes to the numerous Tf my best thanks for his llatterinjj; 

: riitles of rock which it carries down attention to my little book, (sec Pan 1. 

vi;'.!i it, and which are extremely at- page 54(),) he will allow me to ol>- 

tciiiijied by this friction. serve that, in his critique, there are 

>eiiastian Munster, in his dcscrip- some |K>sitions which seem to want 

\ >n of Switzerland about 300 years support, and some remarks which, on 

.wrr^ «|icaktnK of the Glaciers, says, due consideration, his candour, I think, 

: izc 341. 60/f'K VtmUvrcs, ^ii. *'llic will induce him to retract. 

With 



PoMWeV EMosft mi Mnrtlagv, Hd. (MSfi 

teipcct to M«rrii^» it it the tfie praiK which it doe to talent; -er ta 
opinion of the Reviewer* that ** the ttifle all my Touthful recoReotiont $ 



QooaeKMni hetween the man and the whilst I remember hit tmwearied 

woman shouM only tuhtbt to long at tentiom lo mj father ta illnett— atte** 

UiecfForta of hoth are easentiai to the tiont whidi, under Proridence, pfo- 

learifM «f their children^*' Smcly lotted a life to dear lo mc ! liordo 

BOL Bnttuoh might be inferred fiom I fear conlaaHnatien, wiwltt I Ciini 

<< the fine argument of Lord Kaimes,* overthoae mipublithed Pbemt of Wol- 

at ttaied by the Critic. And ProGutor cot, which I happen to pottett ^ etpe-. 

MilWt <' illustrationt'' aje to me oially that nathetic «pittle from Quem 



ohscime. Dr. Beattie'4 admiiaUe etaay Matilda to tier brother George III. nod 

on ** the AUachneott of Kindred^' that fine Chrittmat Hvmn or Carols 

would tet aU ri^jhL In the vohiroe of whidi we thonid be willing to derwe 

** Ditsertatiottt" now hefove me, I bad firom Chriatian feeline. 

foiKOtten the estay '^ on Kindred ;'* Lei me now, Mr. Urbais begyovr 

and very lately opened to it, Ijy mere mmkUni for thut detaining yon. Awd 

accident. left me intreat yoor Remewer to take 

Of Roman Adnlterica we haf«, in good part what I h«fe Tentured lo 

doubUesi, abundant proof. Bnt I hare intimate or tnggett to him ; again at* 

drawn a line of evident ditdnction he- tnrin^ liim, that I tinoerely tAiank him 

tween ancient Rome, and Bnroe in for hit good opinion of me, and that I 

tlw days of Hence, and of Jovenal, am gratified by thote exprettiont of 

and J^Mtial, and Seneca. approbation which far outweigh the 

FordiefffWi^lyfftfitof the£ttay«m exceptiont he may have made to toino 

Tatie» it doet not appear to me that panaget in my writingt. 

the tteviewer and nytdf etaentiaily Inattosionio'" theSchoolmiatrets,** 

dttagree. Tatte C*t he mott happily ititatkod: 
tf>vnn>mfift 4t) is in ttftdtcase '" a Ilmow— 

lo them.' Bnt tmt atBtmiation can- «iri,jj^ i™?!L .Z-5aTv ^T* ^7? 

*»'*^ • a. ^ .*. x.^;.. -^ J ^^^ W hoM iMrawg ttunp'd the credit of a witch 

not eittt without/cf/iagand.^. ^^ ^ it^ttetiooft) on honest &me > 

Mj litde volume It tfirfyn"/«r^g«» *Sere now thtt rod which, with tmcrriag 

UbM,' where next xiaet into notice— < . |^^ ^ 

•• the Deserted ViUage-acbooL" The WooH idler »trrit«dirt«iit«wiiersBih»... 

ilrst edition of thit poem wat pnblidv- Those mtblest twigs Minoi»cing sin aadt 

ed at Edinbnrgh, under liie •ainotion ihune, 

of i>ir Walter Scott, who oontidercd it muohkiiMilmgin-wanldswsy wldi^tenfoM 

atACflnrafefrpOTi^toShenitonelt'* School- ni^ {aksi to4i^> 

mittren," not at, in anv leqwct, a When iitUestruggMag hams w«w bfwjjht, 

CDiiy. The abmeat, in bodi poemt, Bt^-tpeetmM her TeyerentSal aose, 

am Spenterian. But the tnfayect of Wben kte I peepM ami^ her pigmy 

the ^' Iksepted School " b perfectly throng, [mg woes> 

new, iiom the firtt stanza to the laat. SBmUihaiigfathMl<she,3Bisoa«h,<if atther- 

Hm Stancat moat vetembUng Sfaen* B«t huniniVly as in ^e.dayB when life ww 

ftone (thou^ from the tentimeatweiy yv«ng» 

ditunt from imitation) thall, by yonr ^^«««y mood, a suve «f Umel's song : 

kave, be tubmitted to yonr icadeni. '^ ""t***^ '^^ ^ ^ f^^' ?^ ".*• 

I mutt firatp howevi, revert to the Sbe thiew a snickemiig gUnce her imps 

crinqi«, where in my J T>aditiont ^^ J^^L ready class in due degree, 

tTLsWv'r^4a?^eni?nt^^^ ^--^ '^* *^\^f'' •^^^^^ ^^^'^^^'^ 

tninKs 1 nave woaieo -too icnienuy «ic power should see. 

character of Dr. Wolcot: but It was „_ ' , . , , 

the chamcter of Dr. W. in earlier life. Where now Uiat wheel aha .turn d so swift 

Dreadful it it to contider, tfiat as he .. around, [wwm'd? 

KTCW older, he became more and more «^" '°^ l»^^ ^ Mjmmer^unbewi 

P .. . . • c-» ♦>,«♦ «!.« ^»»« »« a^,mi*i^ where her trim beds* her thyme, bar pars- 

FiccBtioot. Sothattheaerm*:^^^ ley-ground, ^ ^ 

«ip,e«"it bynomamsanapidttaBlc^ H,, ^^£^^ ^^^.^^ ^^^ ^^ 

and he was indeed <«t i haswe repr&. charm'd; 

sonwd him in the last chapter of my -Her hives, that Vnidibelusdons woodbine 

** Becollect'iont ") « iioary ^mncr. «wnrm'dj 

Yet I <:aainot conocire that, for this And, for the Curale, the pure Virgm-oomhl 

reason, I ought to ndtfahnkifinm Wolcot Aha ! thill genth f%tyy uatkun'd. 



laSk]^ PoUiMi JDcMTfed rOAvftt SdnoU 7 

Bt told, A pwish-voiUuMse is ber lMNDe» My laak wm Mdioui, and mj nwtMM Mcfs? 

N« hatw with kaieat ImIdm to mitigfttd 1 rather ftu'd tha birch, tlian loved the 

her doom r' P. 198. hays: 

nn^ ij e-i^-L^.4^ :• «<««f ZntnA- ^°' ^'** ^» ildlTd my interest to discem. 

the rol of the Poem, we almost Iok Yet reMon frnetifiH euh forvudw^kt, 

sksht of Shcnstone. 1 wish I could ^, Soon ripenn^g into men the Bew-bofti nee. 



sksht of Shcnstone. 1 wish 1 could ^^^winpemug into men tfteBew-bofti nee, 

h^owhthUmuuMr.wdpmerred Nor chMtisementune««»ljr.«e. the sight, 
. .. ~¥ ^1 i^.i^ ' "^ Nor iMMion mars refleci£aa'i>oli«r<mM. 



ii thjoof^ the whole. 

»T1wf«rifttl ov g«od oU Jfefler, to the 

Mm 

So dBsr— his viitMS «f BO vidgur price ! 
I own, coBtncted were his oottage-views : 

Y«t only shall fiutidiouaaess too nice 

Scoff at his sees and saws as pfcjudioe. 
If be had any fiult 'twas stubborn |indet 

IVhich, spuming iaaoration as a noe« 
Stack to the system by his &thers triad ^— 
It was a &alt, methinks, to merit much 
aOied. 

Gnrc was Uis ports sad, as bis cane ha 
grasp'd. 
At Lis approach the villagers would flee t 
GUs in their teens, and wosa by Hymen 
l4Mp'd— 
And (thrill'd, as if from thraldom scarcely 
free) rrhree'! 

All &ncied in his fiuse * the Rule of 
Fur deep the furrows of his beetling brow 
Arithmetic with age had trac'd, perdie : 
Asd, sure, of science ha had full enow 
For satU, awl, or ase, or dod-compaUing 
dough." P. SOO. 

'k 

** Xad see when now, like locusts o'er the 

land, [trian route ! 

Spreads &r and near, the fierce Lancas- 

At firM, it was a sly and sneaking bond- 
Hut hark '. as * it all Bedlam were let out,' 
iH * unreiUruted touttdt* a shout 1 

H^k ! in the winds new accloniatioDS swell ! 
The sober citizen and lubber-lout, 

And babes and sucklings, ere they yet can 
spell- [Bell'!" 

Mingle with lawny lords, and prattle — * Dr. 

Wc-U do I recollect, with many a stain 
SJine, huw soii'd my tear-washt horn- 
book was! 

I'i ^Ive mv ears the relic to regain, 
>pite o^Lancasulan huinmiug : * what an 



I:i truth, sage Madam Trimmer to surpass, 
T>i liooest Dil worth 1 adjudge the |>alm : 
i^kf utter'd leaves sluill conjure up our 

daMt 
Aad breathe o'er all my soul a sprinc-tide 

ha]n) — [second ralm. 

Ffro now I reati and spell, and thumb the 

Natli!es», iho' I would fain to memory look 
To catch the colour of my cliiUisii liays, 

T«u not, I wist, attachment to my book ; 
Tmm not ambitiim emulou^ofppiise^ 
Tr« o'er wy tul^M effm^J its chct^rv nrs; 



Nor pa^on mars laflecfioa'a aober gnce» 

Nor tears, that plead forpity, f«ml the fkce : 

But in the iilnmined link4oy*s liberal mind. 

While each ingenuous fteling holds its 

Slace, 
, ne ferula, was e'e^eslgn'd 
For snowy hands so smooth/ror bottoms so 
rsfin d. 

His brogues let down (for modest cya too 
much !) [bcaeeh. 

Say, can he trace, who shakes the smarting 
His sandy lesson with decided touch ? 

Or, in meek accents of unmanly speech'. 

Thus culprit condescending to beseech 
For mercy — say, will such an abject elf 

The height of man's importance ever reach. 
Nor grovel in the dnst in search of pelf i— 
Tho* bom to cope with Kinga-— an indt- 
pendent self?" ?p, SOa, SOR. 

Yours, &c R. P. 

FLY LEAVES.— No. XIII. 
JViltiam Strode the Poet. 

HE flourished in the reign of 
Charles 1. and was, according 
to Wood, "a pithy and sententious 
preacher, exquisite orator, and an emi- 
nent |x>ct."* On the effusions of his 
muse he bestowed little care. Many 
of his poetical pieces remain scattered 
in the manuscript collections of that 
|)eriod, and the few pieces known 
were posthumously printed in such 
popular miscellanies as Parnassus 
JJtccps, 1666, and 7FU Rrsior'd, l6bS. 
The following pieces were taken from 
an old manuscript volume f to engraft 
in Ellis's Specimens, vol. III. p. 17.3. 



* Ath. Oxon. by Bliss, vol. III. col. 151. 

f The following admired lines were in 
the same collection, and appear much in 
the stile of our author. 

To his Misires, 

Vie tell you wheuce the rose did first grow 

red, 
And whence the lillie wliitcnessc borroucjl : 
You bhisht : the rose strait rcd'ueJ at the 

slaht, 
Tlip lillie ki.t your ban.!*, ami sf> ramo wl-.ite. 
Before that time the to>'0 was Ul: a siaiiii-, 
The liliio of it> palencsso dlJ conv^il.dv. -. 
Yini have the nativo coVuir ; u\o«.<j \\\<jn »>.h» 
An.i otwh- riii:rlsh in %out Uvcr\. 



On 




I 



W.St. 
Song. On a Friaidrt abnnet- 

Ciinu, coaa. I (udI, thy \\etyj tt^, 
Uiiiiblai euh lioirsr otlht livf 
TKn KiagEd hute oTaimlile ln>e, 
MdcM icoi ITiDt Dot lovm to mure ; 

Did not iIm li^bt 



u aifiiit. 

„..._.rco!d 

s liki! gieiiiBic I 
My loaelng nothing cm eipliyne 
Uiil toulo uH body nnt in twijoo : 
Did 1 notmoine 
Anil itclii ud gT«o« 
Aiiil tolke aluoe, 
I slioulil Ixlecrc my iwulc wis gon Ir'im linmc. 
Sli«'( gODPi tliec'i gonF, ■wi)' iIiec's ficdj, 
Wlthlu my braul ti< miJu h«r beddi 
In men tliBK dwelli hiir tenuit wckc, 
And lieliH are aU llicr limth I bliioe ! 
'ITiBti coin* 1.1 in«, 
One toucli ufthec 
Wltl n»ke m«c t«i> 
If loving tliut I live, or d«d I bee, 

W.St. 
SBitnell. 
My love itnd I for Umu pUyila 

Shee wonid liwpe lUlict, I mi coalrnt) 
But when 1 wonne, iliee wuidd be pid. 

■n.i. m^le mee u,i<: lier whu .h«e meant : 
' Pray, »Lnoe I «ee," qiioth iIih 
ingling vijroe. 



Itl.—Slrotle'M Poem. i^^W 

Keepo on your muka ind hide jour ajti 
For with behnldin^ yuu 1 dye ; 
Vour ftuli iKauly. Guq^n-tilio, 
D>iul with utoniihincDl will iitike i 
Your piercing ByM, if iluao 1 lec, 
Ak wune than Builitki (omee. 
ShuK from tnyne syMUiMa Uilli ofuiowe 
Their melting villeje do* nut *hi>we : 
ThoH UUTC petlio IciJ to dbjuiite, 
O vex )DM uut, roibette I furbeue ! 
Fur »hile I tliui la tmneDli dwell, 
-n>e lifl'l 0^ heaven i> wune thu hell. 



wrangling v»ype, _ [.gaine." 
a e your owne !•»., give ^« myn. 

To kit Miitre,,. 
In yonr iterae beauty I can lee 
Wliat ere in j£tBt Mooden bee. 
If colei nut of the tnpp doc flyc, 
Hott fluDO doe guth out of your eye 
If froal lye on the ground heluwe, 
Your brcait it white and cold u tnowi 
Tlie iparkei that lett my hart on fire, 
Refiiie to melt ynur owne deiire. 
The froit lliat hTmleB the chilly bteast, 
With double fire hath m 
Both heat and t 
And leavinp you 
'flic hearth iti proper flame witlulandi. 
When ice iuelfe heatei othcri baodi. 

W.S. 



nee "npri 
acne liav 



When life ii snoe where thai) I coe ? 

W. Sr. 

Cy Death and Rcturrcction. 



Drill 

OrliLea»iade,'orlikeaAanie, 

Or like Um newci which people firsme : 

Zvm JUch b man of ecguall lUy. 

^Vhll■e very growth leads to decay. 

The eye ii luni'd, the itarre downo 

boidetli, [tcendclh : 

The luind doelh iloile, the wave dc- 

Tlie wiadc 1* ipeni, iho flvnc vulir'd, 

Tbe uewDi diiprur'd, inan'i life njiir'a. 
Like lu an eye, which ileepe doeth chayne 
Or like a elvre, wKoie h\\ wee bync : 
Or like the ihade on Abai watch, 
Oi like the wave which gulfei doe match. 
Or like a wiode or flame that'i pant, 
Or amotber'd newei conlinn'd at luti 
Even so mao'i life pawn'd in the gnve, 
Waylefor ■ ' 



Tilt 



till » 



., ^etl 



ra tUIIUii 

[eti 



iliade Eoei Wk, the 

wind ii lum'd, the flame reviv'd) 

W.St. 
Eu. Hood. 

Mr. Urban, July 17. 

YOUR Correipondcnt Amicus (L 
A(jO) could perhapi inform nie 
to wliai ihmlly of Agar allusion ii 
made in Drake i " York."' 

Tlie Earldom of Aldhorough (see i. 
373) is (10/ extinct-, it has devolved Lo 
the Ho nou ruble Benjamin O'Neal 
Stratford, onlv surviving hroilier ur the 
late Peer, anil now present and fourili 
Enrl. The writer w.is led into the 
mistake by Debrell's " Peerage." stal- 
ing Mr. Slralford's death imiead of his 
lady's. O.H.W. 

Mr. 




MISS 1HIAKT5AM TJHATCJHllEIR, ^M 






■/- 



^iTJRI GMT. 



, ii.«r^:A^:.»^„ 






^^^^^^^^^HpRWcW, burn lh,i.,h. ^^^^^1 


^^^^C?^^^" All/9- 


(cenUcniPii j llicy liiin tM doubl Meh | 


^^^^^^■jUTCUca, wUmc I'liriinii 


tJieir own pee 


Vi»t iminion- u<id me- 
nt. Not that we nieati 


^■■Kk ««l >au. (<» ndrc /. ) 


itinl* oruealm 


^K^ptauUrilf:!'. ^>.'lo>n»rq..:iiay 


'" '"'""■'■>■ "" " 


■■■•■ "- -^'-1' -n'p'ic. • 

■ mdl*. 


r 




::S 




. '.Iieir 






' .nnn! 






1 Ihe 

.I.IK a 






■ . nllrc-'.„-<ml 






he V,n every 






uicce^Ail eaiet 






I!ti-IoI, 




'.. " has 






■ ■ ni;hl. 






■ ■■' ■•■''■■^'' P'=- 






.■,k1 hex nearcii 






i.r a. hi»own: 






■ ■-- -ifiige, fiiiHy 






^.■^liiTK inniMii- 


ii 




..nd «ifWwiih 




:l™ H.., 1 




.11.1 tiHUiral, Imi 
..oiimrc 


i< 




.'.M,rd 


1^ 




ul.i.lv 


^^Km '...,.„. 


wilier « vf ty 5t 


■ . .^ |,1.0- 


riabTiA .llbrding rcllcl. 




Bd«rt dmi of wicncc and rducaiion 


DOSS, whilst he 


r caie, which is well 




auihenlicalcil. 


will diffuse a ray of 
nenclnile wherever a 


Md tiamet nf the auditory organ*. 


ho|i« thai wilt 


•h«* wen oiiecliDtii for winch niott 




is 10 be found, and 


«U »eaea had a novor- railing no*. 


we tnitt will cxcixt the abiliiy, and 


mat, nr which the iiiucraiii tmpiric 
^■Mofmntd to hhiu«ir. Mmy nf thuc 


carry oil and pcrrect ihcbeneliti which 


^HWc tlie imbllc, both ill [he metro- 
^Bli> ioi Ate cmiiitTv, cvrn at the 


this new discov 


rv opens lo the world ; 


for this young 1 


uly is not the only ewe 


^BtoEnid«vi hut iliE 'gvntlenicn who 


wherein the tan 


e model of ircaTmeDt 


^Ke deraud iIx-iiikItc* lo [hi> lii)c 


have luccceded. 


mid there is teason lo 


^^K pncticc anil juiiljr claim rnpect- 
^Bililr atr, we bclicic, au\j four in 


believe, that had her MajeHy Queen | 


Charlotle-s hfe 


£™?t"Kl,t J 


^Hc wbcile of thi) great cmpite. :iU of 


inu-ndetl lo b>v 


^Hboni now Kiide in Luniion. 


of an Insiilalio 


. where children, thus J 


^Blt M nwlhci Otir pfoiinir nnr wt*li 


drprired from 


kirih of the vdluable 1 




srnse of hewing, niiglht VaNs iece\\t4 J 


^BBcmt. JV^ y./y, /iij. 


^B 


^w 1 



10 



("use of Mim Thatcher, horn Deaf and Dumb, 



[.Tuly, 



the advnnta^ck of the saint* trcntment ; 
lor her Majesty c'X|)rcsscil hcriicli'iiiiich 
p;ratific(l by such a proof that these 
rases were not all ineurahle, and was 
ilcased to cause the Royal ihaiiki to 



<< Rgs(>1vc(1) 'Dtat as this Institutiou i> 
Cfttiftbn.shcd only for the purpostes of Instruc- 
tion, it is the opinion of this (.'ommittee 
that they cannot, consiftcntly with their 
sense of the confidence reposed in them by 



(iicaseu lo cause iiie xioyai iiiaiiK:» lo i 'W . .1 li .1 • 11' 

„^ .^.1 . »f, \v.:^u* c^» ^^^ ^c the Parents* i)enmt the rupils received by 

,c roi veycd to Mr. \\ r ght, for one of ^^^^^ ^^^^ Kduiaiiou alone, io be subjected 

Ins publications on the har. which her to any Medical Treatn.ent whatever in ro^ar J 

Majesty perscinally desiretl him to send ^^ ^y^.^ Deafness, while they are in the 

her, and 111 honouring hini with the Asylum, and tliat a copy of this Resolution 

grant of an apjK»iirtincnl as her Sur- be re$ix'ctfully communicated to his Koyal 

>'.euu-AurIst (see London Gazette, Jan. Highness the Patron." 
Mi), 1818), declared hi a letter written 
by her Majccity*s command, that the 
honour was conferred in consecpience 



«)f her Majesty ** having had an oppor^ 
i unity of witnessing the efficacy of Mr, 
Ifrighi's practice and ability as an 
Aurist,*' 

From one of Mr. Wright's works 
on '* Nervous Deafness,*' it appears 
that this young lady*s case was a 
s|xrics of dropsy of the mcnibrane, 
>:enerally known by the name of the 
drum oi the ear, which being formcfl 
of several lainin«T, some of them were 
kept apart by extravasated lluid. He 
con aiders this case as of very rare oc- 
currence, but is of o)>inion that the 
jno.<.t fre({ucnt cause of total and conge- 
iiiuil deafncs>s is to be attributed to the 
iiijuflicioiiH exposure of infants by 
nurses and others to sudden changes of 
temperature, cold ablutions in the first 
moments of existence, &c. &c. but he 
does not tiiink that there are so many 
ebildrcn born deaf, as is generally be- 
li<\ed. 

It is commonlv supposed, that in 
the Deaf and Dumb Abvlum, the 
ehlldreti receive medical aid as t<i the 
mahidy under which theylalKiur; but 
by a rorrespoiid( nee pnbljsh<-d in 181C), 
il .ip|»(ais lliiit Mr. U'riubt otrerod to 
:j|trti(l llie cliildreii in that Institution 
^i.tlnil<Misly ; and Ills Royal Ili^line.vs 
ih«' I )ul;4- ol (il«n.ici*>Jer, ilie Patron. 

Willi the i'<lviie of Dr. li.jin, oiu* of who sees this print <t( lier, will be of 
ilif ('••n:ois til" ilu- ('(dlip'C of riiysi- the >ame opinion, for Misx Druinmond 
< i.m^. r« <(»inin<n<!t (I ili.it ihc olVcr has Nhewn her usual taste and spirit of 
' 1 Mill M hi'. H'<:( pled ; to which ilu* Com- execution in the jiortrait, and the. eii- 
niiiU'r' r'himed the lollov.inii alJ^w<'r : j;i.iver has perrormcd hi? part in a 

• Si \»'i;il oji^f.s Jifi' ([uiitoi', :iij«l 1111K li f'l.rcr of it-asimin^ v..s<-d 1») Mr. Wright, in a little 
wt.ik oil ** 'Ibo iinproptf riSi- i.f Mi-reuiy in cim-s (»f nervous P^ufi.i'is.** 

•f* '1 1,0 i:i*»i' '"f tlio \h\\c of VWIlinj^inn, into who«t' ears n ••ohition of taustic was put to 
rflii've an iiiijij-iiiriry op:ie'ty <.f tin* ilnnn of the ear, must ser\c as a ciutioii ugain't the use 
I.f tills .••||»rn;tioii: Air llioU'';li iiunJ.frlc.s cases mi^rht he eitt d In which it has oceasiomd 
rf)uully iiijurioiis < th-rts* y<-t \\\u*v, h Uiisforlune ocoiirs to surh an ilhistriinis individual, it 
brcomos Knowu to all iht* uorI<l. 'I'lir Duke's IttV was considered hy hi.s medical attendant.H 
a:. lw»ing &nl(Mi:.ly tiot-atenctl, pieviouk to liis dcpaiiure for the C'onfrrc."*, owlnj; to tliis j»j»- 
pHcation, hud in.. li»at»'s hfaiini; has Ucn viiy iU>frcti\(s until recrntly, ;!ni'c Mr. 
\V|i•\ht':^ aliduiiiMc t.|.ou hiiii liiit uc undi-r..tatid that •.'entlciaHn i^ in p^rfat douht 
Hhi^hti tin* htii.u^ uij o;ic i*vltf -.vill fct be i«";t«»rtd. 

ma unci 



ighnu 

When the proposal was made, it 
was explained to the Committee that 
the modes of treatment were not kept 
secret, neither were they painful, nor 
in any respect injurious to the consti- 
tution : and under those circumstances, 
with facts before them to shew that it 
was no vain theory, surely parents 
ought to have had an option, whether 
they would or would not subject their 
children to a trial of the curative prri- 
cess, thus proposed. We unden»ian<l 
the illustrious Patron was of opinion, 
that if such rules existed, whereby 
the ('onnnittee considered iheuibeheh 
obliged to give the above reply, a gene- 
ral meeting of (jovernors ought lo 
have been convtyicd, for the purpose 
of taking into consideration tlie pro- 
priety of rescinding such regulations. 

If, indee<l, the method of treatment 
was calculated to give |)ain, or derange 
the health of the children, the general 
meeting of (loverriors would have 
evinced |>arental solicitude by refusing 
the offer ; but it was not pr(»poscd that 
the children should be subjected to 
the ridiculous ]dan of having their 
constitutions injured, and probably 
their lives destroyed with mercury*; 
nor their ear** burned v. iih caustic f* 
Indeed, the Ciovernors would 4)nly 
have had to l(»ok at Miss Thatcher, to 
be conviiKTil that the process was not 
injurious to health ; and every person 



r. UODAK. 



E,- 






I,,mt,f.«,pc«k- 


b. 






lim fjnaim wjiy, 

.-cenunt : 

Tn.rti.d V. Hi^ntv 


I«i IUHh- 






h«it la llie E>rl »f 


Vt^bnAmi 


«lllu> 


Mlii 


c oJd Eul, ncrcriv- 


«;lft.«>H 


dimd 


«d 






■n*.! 


Din itie rewtf roMl 




iinW 




guun Muj, uid 
n ..ff. Tlii. He™- 

iMitiB. lliui ropu- 






~".tb dlY rvts lui 








limg cut het .or- 



a iwT dMikj iookcd nriy wui «ml pJe, it 
ia> B>t fuc mut of wBUriBg. Afurwurli 
UmiI JhyiDDuf, Ek>! ofHartford, mtrripd 
tar (jjnulj wiihDDi ih> Quctn'i liconn, 

Kfc Qnaa KTiutwUi tw^ld hn- wlih k 
' ' iTtt BBwilling (lie ibuulrl ni*teh 
R^ I-tUh nr ExfiLiili P»r, hut 
■ Miun «he Ht her nf conilut 
FW tluif pmimptkin this Eul 

UtOnoL iupiiMMdwilli h'u lady 

m Tome, uxl Huertljr forhlildfu hcf 
Miyi but Ion Kid miiu^ will 6uJ 



Chines) M YoXfiiM, the tMweb nf ;' Liulj 

KalhcriM, Hiff dT E'I-wiI Sriin<iut Kul uf 

Hutford. Sh>n«dMc1iMiofHcnrv{>iey 

Duke of Suffolk, ind of M.I; iU F.tuci. 

QiiMDi diB fDUonn' <if lh< tao dai^litrri 

of King Huir^ VII.:— of (h> tldci, K. 

JuDEf Mill K- Chailoi mr« Aacaaded. Thit 

Wjr Katkuii.B litd bttn commUMd priioner 

In Sit Oina Hoptoiii Liiftnunl of tlic 

, Tower, fiir n»itj]ji$ "iihout Uio Quhu'i 

ktKtwlfdgn, and wu b> lum kcpl ■iCodi- 

"'ot Mi H.1I. In y<«rord. belai; llU b.i.nr. 

Hit- wliDffi iliH dini, I hut* been often toM hj 

i "Illy nged neopte in Ymfiml, that lAtt h«T dr«h, 

i-C tif ■ liulc dog <ha had, would otrrt morr rii 

nnd (Of meat, but liyaoil dint upon Ini grave." 

,irlM Tlii« staiemenl is rorroboraud hy 

her thp rnltniving entry in ilic Parish Iti?- 

iiiljl. giMcrnfYoirnril: 

l*" " Tbe iadv KathoixB Grey, buried »ttt 

F«b,16«7." D. A.Y. 

If'te hiive ptauurr in prfirnlinj; oNr 
HfodiTt wUk the fulhwini; rwiwiis 
partifutarr rctptrlmg tKtTuad,J'"im 
which thru wiUJudgf wlidhcr it u a 
ncArioKJ Reptile •. 

I. To Sir JosBPii Banxi, 
Sib, Marlon, m jfpril 19(18. 

THE foIloNvinstiilm-ct will. 1 11..11, 
wiUiciciirly apuio^iif tot the Ij- 
licrty 1 hnvc ihus Liki-n, nnJ 1 beg to 
Iw ccmsidctefl in ivrnis of ihe grcatcsl 
respect, your riinsl obcJicat *i rvaiil, 
Sawdel llnrKCN^iilM. 
The Toad. Ihoiij^h II lo»diwn.e, i» 
not generally conaidcred a venomous 
aniinat by the commun peojile, mnny 
of whom 40 lar from imliciilinc uny 
fcir ot liJKgust Al ila si«ht, will fn-- 
qiiciiily gi^p il in their hjimU, ;iiiil 
iVirow il wantonly M each other. Thut 
it i) actually cupablf, however, of in- 
juring llie human Iraini^, will appear 
from the following rare and pcrhain 
niriiie ot 
While 



Thomns WiUion, a ^rilcncr 
of this place, was nulling down anil re- 
pairing an old wall, in tno early p.nf t of 
iliii cold and sterile nionlh, he obstrvrd 
» cavity jias^ing up ihe niiddl>?, iviih 
some outlets, at irregular dbtlanm, w 
smooth and black a> indui-ed hlin to 
tus|)ect ilieni the abodes of r.iU, or <>{ 
same other qiiadriipeils. The wvrriiy 
or il)e Any, inc penilenl posiiion •( the 
head, together with « cold, wiidet 
which he then laboured, nfifftfjiltij 
rauicd a more copious «tbawm rX iJm 



1^ Corretpondtnce wlih Sir Joiepli BankSf relaik^ io the Toad. [ivly» 



nasal fluid than nt other times. To 
have disposed of this drop by drop* re- 
(Katedly and deliberately in tho way 
usual in more civiViacd life, would 
hare impeiicd the o|iir rations of one so 
assiduously em [Joyed. 1 1 was removed 
by an apter process, the fbre-iinger and 
thumb, accompanied by a short and 
fon^'ard jerk of the head. Thus was 
the hand for several hours alternately 
employed, one while squeezini; the 
humiff nostrils, at another time remov- 
ing, handling, and refitting the smooth 
stones surrounding the cavities. 

lu the extremity of these gloomy 
recesses, about the close of day, were 
discovertil five monstrous Toads, which 
finding their domains invaded, had 
crawled thither for safety. In the 
evening, this person, not in the least 
apprehensive of any evil consequences 
likely to ensue, returned to his house, 
where he had not been lon|; seated by 
the fire, before he was seized with a 
sharp throbbing sensation never before 
experienced in that very part which, 
during the course of the previous day, 
had been so often pinched with the 
finger and thumb, lu the night this 
increased, and before the ensuing 
morning, extended with a considerable 
decree of painful inflammation quite 
over his face, to the crown of his head 
upwards : in a lateral direction to his 
ears and downwards to his shoulders. 
Though not yet aware of the source 
from whence the evil proceeded, still 
he now berain to be alarmed, and re- 
collecting what intercourse he so lately 
had with the ancient inhabitants of 
the hollow wall, to suspect the injury 
arose from them. On the following 
day, his nose was so swollen^ his fea- 
tures so generally inflated, the colour 
of his face so heightened, that, inde- 
pendent of his corporal habiliments, 
not even a neighoour would have 
known him. In this state of pain, 
distortion, and suspense, did he con- 
tinue nearly a week, at the end of 
which, finaing no abatement of the 
malady, application was made to a far- 
rier, who aflixcd a large leathern plas- 
ter consisting of honey and vcnlierise, 
hecnuse it is reputed to have cured not 
long ago a man bitten by a viper in a 
hay-field, at Swinstead. To the part 
n fleeted, this recipe had not been long 
applied, before its salutary efiTicncy 
l)egan to be felt. Seven fertile ulcers 
burst out from his nosi*, which cnnti- 
/wrt/, /'or luiwy dnys, to iliM^luirfzc a 



black fcetid matter very profusely. The 
tumid member became daily less, the 
inflammation gradually subsided, the 
pain abated, and the features re-assiuned 
their natural shape. 

The particulars of the above singular 
circumstance have thus been correctly 
and minutely detailed, with a view to 
caution persons, whose province more 
especially may lead them to such 
places as this and other reptiles are 
wont to inhabit, to convince them 
what seems clear beyond all possibility 
of doubt, that the Toad is actually pos- 
sessed with a power of infusing, some 
how or other, a noxious quality into 
the human frame. The writer, how- 
ever, begs to be understood, that, not- 
withstanding the reputed quality of 
the large leathern plaistcr, he docs not 
vouch for its eflicacy in the present, 
nor will he venture to recommend it 
in a future and similar instance. 

9. To the Rev. Samuel Hopkiitsov, 
Morton, near Bourn, Lincolnshire. 

Rbv. Sir, Soho-sq. June 18, 1808. 

YOUR favour, dated April S5, did 
not reach my hands till yesterday . For 
the account contained in it, I beg to 
thank you, though in fact I am not 
yet convinced that the swellings which 
took place- in the nose of the penon 
you describe, were owing to his havine 
blown his nose with a finger with 
which he had touched stones blacken- 
ed by the frequent contact of the 
Toads crawling over them. 

I have, from my childhood, in con- 
formity to the precepts of a mother, 
void of all imaginary fear, been in 
constant habits oT taking Toads in my 
hand, holding them there some time, 
and^ applying them to my face or nose, 
as it may nappen. My motive for 
doing this very frequently, is to incul- 
cate the opiniort 1 have held since I 
was taught by my mother, that the 
Toad is actually a harmless animal, 
and to whose manner of life man is 
certainly under some obligation, as his 
food is chiefly those insects which 
devour his crops, and annoy him in 
various ways. To treat such an animal 
with cruelty, and to regard it with 
disgust, I have always considered as a 
vulgar error, and have thought it an 
act of humanity worthy Uie practice of 
a contemplative man, to convince his 
neighbours by every means in his 
power, ihai a \\i:\\ncbs awA VxatwVqs^ 



1923.] Cbrrfipoiicfmcf with Sir Joi 

crentarc ought rather to be regarded 
with compwcenoe and kindness, than 
MTith disgust^ terror, and consequent 
pcnecntion. In practice of humanitj 
unrards the Toad, which has now 
been continacd nearly 60 years, in 
which time I bofc removed from some 
hundreds of persons the disgust they 
bad been accustomed to feel at the 
tight of a Toad, and induced many to 
hvidle the animal, and imitate my 
custom of applying it to the face in 
order to prove that the thin skin of the 
lipi and the cheeks Mrere not subject to 
damage by the loach. I have never, 
in one instance, observed any conse- 
quence to follow the contact of the 
human skin with that of a Toad more 
than what happens when a beast, a 
Urd, or a fish is hatidled. 

I cannot, therefore, at once decide, 
that the sweilin«{s, inflammation, and 
ulcers, that a[ipeared on the nose, arose 
fxoni handling the stones against which 
the Toads had rubbed . I incline much 
more to suppoK that it ^"as the effect 
of KKne constitutional di^ase which 
icciden tally took place soon after the 
man had found the Toads in the wall, 
and which was erroneously attributed 
to venom. 

I am« Rev. Sir, 

Your most obedient sen-ant, 
JosiPH Banks. 

3. Sir Joseph, Morion, June 24. 

1 AM much obliged by the hand- 
some and ditluse manner in which 
ytiu have been pleased to favour mc 
with an answer. Though ready to 
pay tlie utmost deference to your opi- 
uion in all matters relating to the ope- 
rations of nature, still, under circum- 
stances, of which I have actually been 
Id a great degree an eye witness, it is 
utterly impossible to resist all at once, 
and to reject altogether, the plain cvi- 
dencc nf sense, or to peruse your plan 
for removin*^ the aversion which the 
seneralitv of men entertain for the 
Toad, without turning pale with horror. 
Had my ncl{;hbaur Willson been ad- 
fiictcd to habits of intern |)erancc, which 
we see daily punished with fiery and 
liihtorted features : had he, from other 
causes, been subject to cutaneous dis- 
orders: could any plausible reason be 
assigned for the fabrication of so cu- 
rious a falsehood, one, then, might 
he&iuitc a wl)iic in assenting to his 
fiojy. To all this, Jwwcwr, iliv rc- 



Terse k the fact. He b a plain; sober, 
industiiousa active man on the verge 
of sixty *, with a clear countenance 
that haa never been deformed with a 
filthy ulcer, nor even with a pimple 
till a little afler he bad so rcpeateolj 
r^ected that with his finger arkd thumb* 
at the tame time he was employed in 
handling the stones, blackened and 
defiled by the reptiles in the cavity of 
the waU, which the highest orders of 
society commonly put caiefully into 
the pocket. Nor hat this penon, tiiica 
the seven ulcers ceased to flow, whidi 
was near three weeks after thev first 
burst forth, been troubled with any 
similar complaint on any part of hit 
body. Havmg never had the resolu- 
lution to view this loathsome reptile, 
even from a distance or on horseback, 
without great violation to my feeling^ 
I cannot but contemplate your expe- 
riment with dread. Though you have 
applied the toad repeote<lly and assidu- 
ously to the most vulnerable part, still, 
I trust, you will have the goodness to 
excuse mc in observing that you pro- 
bably had no crack, nor sore at the 
time of application upon your lips, 
while the extremities of Willson's 
nose were, from a combination of 
causes, viz. the dry severity of the day, 
the dripping of the mucus, and the 
attrition of the finger and pressure of 
thumb, were under a consiucrable de- 
cree of excoriation. At this time and 
in this state, do I conceive and believe 
was the noxious quality of this horri- 
blo reptile taken from the polluted 
stones by the finger and thumb, and 
conveyed directly by frequently pinch- 
ing and squeezing the excoriated and 
humid nostrils to the nose. Supposing, 
however, that at the time of contact 
any openings existed upon your lips, 
wc are not surely to infer, admitting 
its capability to infuse a venom, a cer- 
tainty of your receiving the infection. 
You know. Sir Joseph, much bet* 
tcr than I, that there is scarce any law in 
Nature without sonic exception. The 
8 mall- pox, though a very common, it 
not a general disorder. Some never 

* June 98, 1833. After a lapie of fif- 
teen years, Thomas Willson ii perfectly 
well, advancing fast towards old aj;e, having 
never once, either before, or since the pe- 
riod above noticed, l»een troubled witli any 
ulcers In his face, nor in «a^ oiVvcx yatt vJi 
/lis Unly, which is TematiH^\>) fiwe «x\^ 
hca/tliy coDaldciini; \u& advai&cm^ >{cm%. 



14 C&ntipcndenee with Sir Joseph Banks, rtlalive to the Toad. [July, 

take the measles. I never had the 4. Rbv. Sir, 
whoopiiigH»ugh, and havt» providen* I HOPE yon will excufe me if I 

tially, more tmin once escaped feversy have still some doubts of admittinir 

that seiied my companions at school the accessary fact, for, so I mnst call 

akid college, and hurried them pre* the mischietderived from a wall which 

maturely to the tomb. In like maa« had been stained hy^ toads, as a reue* 

ner. when one hundred are bitten, tition of the multitude of negative 

perhaps not more than one dies of the proofs^ in favour of the innocence of 

nydrophobia, though neither sea- an animal I have for so many years 

water, the Ormskirlc medicine, nor experienced. 1 myself have seen tlie 

any other nostrum has contributed, in circumstance you metitioti, of a dog 

the least desree, to save one single foamiue at the mouth in consequence 

individual <M the remaining ninety of his having seized a toad, but, as I 

and nine. held the toad by a leg in my hand 

I have carefully informed thu per- when the dog snapped at it, and did 

son of the particulars of your humane not let it drop, I saw, also, diat it 

and obliging letter, but so convinced voided a large Quantity of the liquor 

is he that tne virulent ulcers which a toad generally nas within it, to keep 

flowed so long and so copiously from tip, as i believe, the necessary moisture 

his nose were occasioned by the toads, of its parts. This fluid is very acid, 

and by nothing else, that 1 verily be- but does not as far as I know produce 

lievc neither the dread of punishment, any evil cfTecL It has been shed in 

nor a promise of reward, will ever in- my hand very frequeuily without the 

duce him, any more than myself, to least injury. The cases of both the 

submit to the process you have been doc you saw and of my dog, were not 

so good to state for removing this followed with any disagreeable symp- 

gcneral and painful prejudice. toms after the foam ceased to flow. 

Another circumstance, somewhat which in my case soon happened, 

corroborative, though differing mate- The dog hunted about with as much 

rially from the above, of the toad being spirit as usual, eat heartily when he 

a venomous animal occurred in De- came home, and was in perfect health 

cember last While shootins in the from that time forward, 
dark bosom of a wood, the Imsy ac- That Nature has provided mankind 

tions of a setter were observed to mdi- with an instinctive aversion to the 

caic that a foreigner had taken shelter toad I must also doubt. Instincts I 

under the bottom of a bush. Our believe to be generally bestowed on 

senses were excited and our amis all individuals of the species to whom 

brought to bear ready for the eager Nature has kindiv imparted them, and 

object of pursuit. Encouraged, the to be guides much more unerring than 

dog speared. You, Sir Joseph, will the decfuctions of reason, 
easily conceive my disapiYOintment, In tny own |>erson I certainly never 

and the sudden terror, which I can entertained the least fear of a toad, as 

neither account for, nor conquer, that the animal was presented to me when 

seized me altogether. A great toad very young as an harmless creature, 

was strugsling and suspended from his end 1 believe you will not find a single 

jaws. I fled child who cries and shrinks from a 

Gelidusqos tremor per osu cucunit. {?®^» "n^«» ^^ l>as been taught to 

In a few minutes, Nick, my compa- '^^fV c« u *. t 

nion, followed, somewhat dismayS, " y^"' ^"' ^/»"^^ ^ far conquer the 

his ears drooping, his tail pendint! f'^^'^l^" y°" •l'*^'* '"^^'^ *"' ^h» 

foaming. He soSn recovered and no ^'™»"» »^Pt«»«^» as to cause one to 

bad consequence ensued. Upon in- ^. P,"' '"J^ \ ^»8*' "^ properlv pro- 

quiry, I foilnd this very commoily hap- ^IT "^i * ^anip corner fined with 

liens to thedogsofwiod-men, though ?** T ^^jf ^^^r ''^^t?' 'S""" 

I never hearcf of one being affected ^^ B"*'? % comfortably a long 

longer or in a difi"erent manner. ^"j"^' ^^ '\ ^«^^? ^»y;^'{|^ «r^t 

ram. Sir Joseph, with many thanks .V^"*'' ™^f»^^' Y ^'"' ?f all which 

for your extremely interesting and very t'V^T' ^ «>nce»''« \ha^ t»»« 

obliging rommunication, workings of your reason would soon 

., ,. „ PP"*"* * victory over your prejudice, if 

Your most obedient Servant, you could conquer your first disgust, 

Samvel HovKinsov. and look at \\\e anxmaV W\\V\ ati^ 



1S23.] jintient Napktn.^^iiirundo Species dimwished. 15 

kind of indifference. You would ioon On each side ia a naked fcinale 

frcl a piviiidicc in favour of its shape, figure supporting a wreath, in the 

which, if flowing curves are beautiful, centre of wnich, and immediately over 

as all painters admit them to be, is the cross on the crown, is suspended a 

ccrtiinfy more elegant than that of a rose. Beneath the arms are four 

bird, whose beak is among the few flowers, one of which is the violet, 

iuslancrs in nature of an useful mem- another a sort of water-flag, the third 

bcr appearinz, when compared with bears the thistle leaf, and the fourth 

tlie whole of the animal, u|^y, as a appears to have rose leaves, but does 

straight lined cone certainly is. The eye not bear that flower. At each end is 

oftlic toad would flrst attract your no- a wide border, cental ninjg, amongst 

tice, which is brilliant and intelligent: ambes€|ue devices, medallions, &c. a 

bis actions in seizing and securing his warrior with a spear, attacking a wild 

prey* which u composed of a mixture boar, and a hunter blowing his horn, 

of force and cunning, would amuse whilst a greyhound is coursing a stag. 

yni\ and I am confident if the first The napkin is 42 inches long by 30 

[injudice was subdued, that in one inches wide, and is in excellent pre- 

week's time, a toad would become an servation. 

objcctof amusement Instead of dis^t, Mr. Cottingham, who has so ably 
arid be regarded in future as a friend delineated the chapel of King Heniy 
rather than an enemy. A friend of VII. at Westminster*, and is con- 
Lincolnshire he certainly is, for he sequently well acquainted with the 
never fails to seize and devour every various devices used at that period, 
mklge that comes within his reach. is inclined to the opinion, that it was 
I thank you. Sir, for the obliejng used at the coronation of that monarch, 
aSer you have made me of sending and I think it is more than probable 
inc copies of some manuscripts of the it was formerly in the possession of our 
ercat Linnsus, never made public, townsman Cardinal Wolsey. 
I will not however trouble you on Yours, &c. W. G. Colchester. 
that head. I respect the memory of ^ 
the preat botanist with more than •-. -• ^ . , .^ 
CTimikKm ardour, for the extensive be- ^^^- Urbah, July 10. 
nifii science has derived from his ap- "ITARIOUS Correspondents have, 
l.liiMlIon and logical arrangement of ▼ for many years past (even before 
.irtirlf*. which, till his day, were al- the commencement of the present 
uxnst lost and confounded in their century), been contributing towards 
increa-sing numbers. VViihout an rendering the Gentleman's Magazine 
arnirate arrangement, how can man a sort of continuation of the late Rev. 
i.oi>e to succeed in inakin;; a cat;doguc Gilbert White's (in his excellent 
of iho infiniU'ly interesting works of "History of Shclbonie") interesting 
hi^ Creator ? I know, however, from account of the Hirundo species. 
having seen a great deal of the manu- Allow me, then, to record in your 




productive to cither of them by dmimishccl in number, fewer having 

l-uliliraiinn. appeared in the two years last past, 

I lie-:;. Sir, you will believe ine your and in the present, than used to prc- 

\'ry faithful and humble Servant,' sent themselves to our view. 

Joseph Banks. I state the fact without attempting 

A to offer any conjectures on what may 

,- -. ^ r ' 1 r t ^ be the cause of it, considerinc it to be 

Mr. V RBAN, IpswicK July 9- as inexplicable as ihai which your cor- 

1HAVK lately discovered, amongst responding ornithologists have dis- 

some very old family linen, an cussed respecting the winter residence 

txcocdmsly fine cLimask napkin, most of these birds. 
Uautifully wo%;en with the Arms of ^^ Old Ornithologist. 

King Henry VII; the shield is en- _ ._ 

rompssed by the garter, and sur- • in hit Work, Utely publUhed, entitl«d 

mounted by an arched diadem or « Plans, olcvatioas, sections, and cleuib 

rrown on a seven barred helmet, hav- of Kin<; Henry the beveath'a CU^^l «ic 

in^ the wiii;;ed dragon and the grey- IVestminster." 
buuaJ for supportvrf. 0>N ^^* ^ 



. jfrrtiunt of MuntiiOulbthir 



i(io3. 

HAVING been intlulged bj^ a valu- 
able Corres;)oiiiiem with ihc 
Utc of uii unpublishetl raluiiic com- 
piled by G. Owen, in lS01\ showing 
ihe date oFWaliis m liiul ptriod, uu 
pronoBC to ftlvc a Couniy ori'usioiially, 
im Ok «&o1= it I "^'- ' "-- 
may httcaftei prove ^ 

coitipurrd with ihc Compcitdi 
Couniy Hislory, now in cou.». •'■ 
publication in our Maganlnc. — Edit. 
WALES, 

Thb number of the HondfHli, 
Casllcs, Parish Churches, and Fain ; 
tO|Feiher with the names of all the 
chief Lordships, Murkcl-towrit, Fo- 
rests and gicat woods, Deer-furks, 
Port), Havens, chief Mountains and 
Hillii notable Rivera, Monostctic!!, 
Priories, Prlcries, and Nunn 
oil the ihires of Wales. 

And alio ilie names of d\ 



mlle« according 
Sox ton's nia|». 

First coIIccimI by George Owen, of 

Henllyss, in Perobroheshlrc, Esq. A-O, 

I(i02. 

MONMOUTHSHlREliotliinil*! 

Cliitf LnrHs/tipi. 13. — BerKavetiny, 

" ■" Che|Ml< "-"' 



Muninouth, 



Malliam, 



',,1. Vtk, Tynterii, Scyafratth, Gtisi 
'^ White CaHle. ' 

MarAel-lawiis, g. — MontnontluBw- 
Bavcnny.Ncw])orl,Usk,Ca«fliii.Clie|)- 
ilowe, kagian. Grismond. Mngmi. 

fortilt ami greal fyvodi, a. — Grit- 
niond, Wyejivood, Mouktvood, Wciils- 
wotili, Eurleiwood. 

Park,. 7. — Llandillo, Crasdaw, 
Hagl.m, 2, 3, 4, lonygruea, St. Julians, 
Gwernyeleppc. Machcn. 

Porli and haueiu, *. — Che|islowe, 
Ncw|K)rt, 

Ckirf Mountain! and flilli, 4. — 
Shyvrid Maur, Blocciu, Tombarlotn, 
chief gentlemen of every of the said Thoilon Bgucoii. 
■hires, and the nainei of iheat wiiM Cki^liivfri, g.— Wye. Usk, Mon. 
and tlwelhng places. Ttothy, (Jcfncy, Ebwith, Ann. Olwy, 

With brief notes of llw nature of Uumncy. 
■he soil, <iu»lily of the people, and Moaiulerici, 5.— Tiniem, Ijinlony, 
government in evety shire i and tiic Lantarnaui, GoldcliIT, CraMwv, 
prescal stale of ihc cnicftal towns. Priories, 4. — Bergaveimy, Ncwjiort, 

Laiily; ihc length, bicadth, and s CheiuUwc, Monoiouih. 



gucHs of the coutenia nnd bigness 



of every shi 



, reduced 



square Bergavenny. 



-Usk, St. John 



Ed««rd Comw Wlgc 
'nivmu Morrgui. 
Mattheir Herbert. 
Edwd Moregaa- 
Kulatu! Morula. 

BiUngitty. 

H»t7 Morfgao. 
Edwud Kemmci. 
William Mor<g*n. 
Harry Uwi.. 
John JobDci. 
- Gcinforil. 




Rsglw. 

TrMvgar, Macluui. 
Culeliruck. 

Heetwehhy. 
Poahoir. 

Pfnloyiuargilc. 



Ri. com, HuntiBgdon. 

Fil. Budnan. 

Ami* fil. Math. Herbtit. 
Fil. Smyth. 

HI. Welsh it Ua»n.. 

I'UEJii. Le<rii(l*Vuun. 

J«E, fil. ItogM V-Ugh'. 

AnD« DurriugKiD. 

F.I. Jt..ei.l.i P,i„, Militl.. 



Fil. Hem 



i Uerlcri. 



Patria. — Sail. Veryfcride.andverv 

foul way*. — iVo;i/?. Well goverueil, 
but many thefts, ton coninioii in most 

TMi-ru.— Monmouth, ao indifferent 
good town. Abergavenny, fine town, 
wealthy aiul ibrivine, tbe rerv best in 
tlie shirc. Cliepslowe, a little town, 
iaJiffeKatgaodi oilier loiyiaticcaynl. 



Sotot Ductot. Lewii, 

Maria, diu. of Jos. P«ROt, MH. 

Monmouthshire, from the Wye at 
Tinlcm, to Humney Risine, ti 2(1 
mites long ; and from the Fall of Utk, 
to Griamond, ig} miles. 

Coiiiaineih square mile* 351. 

' See ouiCuRi|WDiiiuai •jfthein*ter]'of 
MonmoutUibire, noir eousld«nd u sq Bn- 
glUh County, vol, Lzxxvnl. ii. p. lOi. 



m 


M 


1 


B 


W -iitiJjLJ' 





A^8. 
I Puidl i% sitiutctl 
jwlmt of Oiiifi(, and 

, al the i! it UUCP uf 
I hair rroni 




RigJuyment of 

iriginal name, 



'■ Kir. Mor.int, et\ 

mud an ts- 

f Callicdfol 

I Lon'Iiiii i but, 

";y of iliixlona- 

loiieil bv Mr. 

nikiiiabrc, I hat 

t ill (hit ptU 

icsl; of which 

; VVillUm the 

iB 10 the Church 

Jon, wilh an 

I tribute iiiid 

if ihf rhr«f 

I tikev,-iR 
r iirirllDiie, 
lU, no corD 

At th« 
le Eighth 
y ftum tlifl 



tlicitc Riiiov^-il ih.ii. t(i ilie Toi«r of 
London I but upon the King's death 
in Julj 6lh, Mii3, thry imc to the 
high««t favor with Quttii Mnry, more 
e*|K«inlly ,Sir Edward Waldi-gravc, 
wnoin tine ndmiitcd iiiio bet PriT)! 
Cmiiioil, cunitiluting him Mngter of 
Ihc Great Wavdiobe, »ith a i-rinl of 
t!)e manor of Ntvesiock, of Cnenton, 
in Somcnol«liir«, and of Hever Cob- 
ham, in Kent. Un the day following 
her Coronalbn, he was made u Knight 
of ihc CWpct) in April 15.'>4 wai 
ap]iOii)tod one of the Cornmissianers 
for ihi: irisl uf Sir Nicholas Throck- 
moriun, who was rharged na au ac- 
ro<u|>Uee in Wyati'i Krbdiion. He 
(Eprejcnted Samersi.'lshire wilh Sii 
John !^d«ahflm. Km. in 1654 ; and 
in the Pariiament whi(rh assembled at 
VVcaiminMci, on Jaminry SOih, 1557, 
and canttnned its sitlings until tho 
Jtiniso of ihu Queen, wa* eleclad 
one of ihe Members of the County 
of Eawx; IB which liiM year he wa» 
iippoinifd tw the tame Sovereign, 
Chaiwtllor or the Duchy orLancaiter, 
and also to (he office of Liculenant of 
Waitham, or Ep[Hng Forest. In IbiB 



E<Q«ma Mnry 

eld53, granted 

Haveatork, but 

wn of the 

'>ld»!ra>'>-, 

llie Earl of 



junriion wilh other Prify Counsellor*, 
to diipnte of the ehutrh landa then 
vested in the crown. Theie were his 
rewards of fidelity 10 a f^uecn, to 
whoDi he had long devoted himself 
both in pioipciity and in adversity ^ 
bill upon the icceaaion of Elizabeth, 
he vim dlv(%l.:J oT :5ll hii tiiiploy- 



18 Account of Navettock Paruh, in Essex. [Jutjr^ 

tained for him accumulated favours mtteiiu of that cxetlUnt PriMt King 

from the one, aiid the heaviest penal- Georce Um Second, both by him ctmM 

ticf from the other. His remains Knigbu of the most nobk aider of ihm 

were interred within BorW Church, Garter. 

as were also those of his wife, Frances, «' James, the Father, was emplorcfd is 

daughter of Sir Edward Neville, Knt. Foreip Embatiles to the Courti of Yiemia 

of Aldington Park, in Kent, third son »nd Versailles by George the First, and by 

of George Baron Abergavenny, 1476, X*°'^* i ^^*^"^^ ^* 4'^ ^^ 9""* •«* 

- ^ ^ --■'.. Country honour and service, and was w- 



yi9 uvsvvtiviaiit, w»., AAV...,, ...w jug goodness ot bi8 luderstanding, made 
heir apparent of Sir Charles, by Helen, him beloved and esteemed throughout hi* 
daughter of Sir Francis Engicfield, of life. The antiquity of his Ulostrious and 
Bnglefield, Bart, was born in iGSQ, noble family is equal to that of most thu 
and in \i)H5 was created by James II. may be named in any country or time, and 
Baron Waldegrave, of Chcwton ; in needs not to be here recited. 
1 686 Comptroller of the Household ; " He died of the dropsy and jaundic* oh 
and in 1 687 Lord Lieutenant of Salop, the l Ith of April 1 74 1 , aged 57. 
Being of the same religion and marir- "His eldest son, James, before mention- 
ing the natural daughter of that ill- •d* (*nd also interred within this vault) died 
fated monarch, by Arabella Churchill, of the small pox, on the 8th of April 17W, 
•ister of John, the celebrated Duke of •S*** ^8. 

Marlborough, he became the zealous " These were his years in nnmbar, what 

mrtizan of all the violent and arbitrary they were in wisdom hardly belongs to time; 

measures of his father-in-law's inaus- }^ universal respect paid to him while ha 

picious reign, insomuch that, when *:*«*» *^^ *^« universal lamentation at bis 

the Revolution of l688 took place, it ^^^' ^ amp^ testimonies of a chancy 

became advisable to withdraw to Paris, '^J'^'^l ^kJ^k''*"^ l^^ .J J* ^ 

. u I' 1 .1 r II • many years the chosen friend and nvonrita 

where he died the year following. ^^ J{^ ^^^ ^„ , .^ ^^ 

1689; Navestock Hall was erected by „^„ that King', minister, though a n^ 
his eldest son and successor, James the of business, knowledge, and leammg, be- 
first Earl of Waldegrave ; and after yond most of his contemporariei. Baft 
being for many years the constant re- ambition visited him not, and contentment 
«idence of his posterity, was pulled filled his hours. Appealed to for his arbi- 
down by the present Earl, and the tration by various contending parties in thn 
materials sold by public auction in the Sute, upon the highest differences, hia 
Uionih of March 1811. judgment always tempered their disscntiou« 

The Church (a view of which from ^^'^^ hU own principles, which wer« tha 

the N. E. is hereto annexed, tee Plate ^J^^T °^ ^ ^^l^* "l** maintenwca 

//.; is dedicated to St. Thomas, and ofthelaw. «mamed.teadftiitaaduiish^ 

consists of a body and South aisle, and ^e^ j»» ^'^^^^^ unmipaired, tWh «er- 

* .u XT .u y r •-. > «"*• cised through a long senea of stnurglea 

to the North a door of curious antique ^,,.j ,,^^ ^ foj,, ^ y^ dismtewstecRir- 

Saxon workmanship j the belfry is ^ue. The consuocy and firmness of hia 

small and of wood, as the spire (in mind were proof against every trial bat the 

common with iiiost of those in this distresses of mankind, and theiem he waa 

county) is likewise. as a rock with many springs, and hia gene- 

A mural monument of considerable rosity was as the water that flows from it, 

height, upon the North side of the nourishing the plains beneath. He was 

Chancel, has the following Inscrip- wise in the first degree of wisdom, master 

tioii, written by her late Roval High- ©^ * powerful and delicate wit, had a ready 

ness Maria Duchess of Gloucester, conception and as quick parts as any man 

and Countess Dowager of Waldegrave. jV** «r^' hved, yet never lost his wisdom in 

^ ^ bis wit, nor his coolness by provocation; 

" Under this monument are the remains he smiled at thmgs that drive other men t4> 
of the two first £arl8 of Waldegrave, Father anger. He was a stranger to resentment, 
and Son, both of the name of James, both not to injuries; those feared him most that 
loved him, but he was revered by all ; for 

^ For Anther parsicnUrs of him see Ka was as true a friend as ever bore that 

^'Morant's History of Kssex," vol. H. p. name, and as generous an enemy as ever 

318, or the 8vo. edit. vol. IV. p. 46. In bad man tried. He was in all things nndis- 

tha church ofBorley is a sumptuous mo- turbed, modest, placid, and humane; to 

Boment to the memory of himself and wife. hin» broad day-light and the commerce of 

the 



IMSb] Aeeomd of Navatoek Pariik, in Eaex, 19 



tW modi «■• at Msy m the night tad Moort commtiideil tnd loit hit Ufb. H* 

MEkdt { to hiMy tht letunl of night tud wta selected by the General of his division* 

sefifeide amt htve ever been the tetson of for a service demanding talent, intrepidity^ 

the btrt vtflactaon ; to liim, this now deep and address, which he completely accom- 

tight moat* through the meriis of his Re- plished. This noble youth had scarcely be« * 

daener Jcani Chnst, be everlasting peace gun to display those virtues and abilitiea 

and joy. which engaged the attachment of all hit 

" O Death ! thy sting is to the living ! comrades in arms, when, being shipwrecked 

Grave ! thy victory is over the unburied, off Falmouth, in returning from Coninna, 
tht wifcj the child, the friend that is left he was called, we humbly hope, to exchange 
Iwliitit euthly honour for a crown of immortality^ 

"Thm atith the Widow of this incom- ^^roufrh Jesus Christ our Lord." 
Ac womn, his once most hapuy wife; Oil the other side of the SoutherR 

the &ithfbl remembrancer of all his window: 

Mam Countess Dowager Walde- ^^Im monument U erected by Captaia 

gmt, who ina«ihts this tablet to Ins per- j^^^^ Sheffield, in testimonv of his ^ 

penal oicmoiy. affection and gratitude to the memory of 

The Doble Earl whose character is Henry Sheffield, of London, merchanty 

delineated in the warm panegyrical his dutiful and affectionate son, who de* 

language of the above epitaph, was parted this life the eth day of August 171 8, 

GoremoT of our late revered Sovereign ** Canton, in Chma, and lyes there in- 

George III. when Prince of Wales, ^"^^' *^»°? ^^^^^ ""P™ "'"f^ °^ *^« *^f 

and author of "Historical Memoirs, J^wvon.m the service of the Honourable 

'^'U'ir'^'S ^ r' ^/"'X Slng^Sonto'^TorShei^^^^ 

eoosiderjblc inler«t and merit, and -^^^ „^, ,hj, ,^,,» ^ 

fint published in 1 82 1 . u Near this place lyeth Mary, (mother of 

On the same side of the chancel, the above-named Henry Sheffield,) setat 84. 

hot nearer to the altar, is another rou- Obiit decimo sexto die Novembrisj anno 

al ablet, on which is the following . domini 1724." 

4t D^ o, ]vf , On the Northern side of the chan- 

"Hie i«|ii>e»cit Illustriisima Domina eel, is the cemetery of llieWaldegmve 

IlevietU Wildegrave, Henrici Baronis de ^*J^»^X i »5^ ^^]^^ ^*?« n«J?^« members 

Waklegiwe uxor dilecu, filia Regis Jacobi f^^ already recited, the foUowinj; have 

II^etNobUissimseDomiuns Arabellae Chur- been interred withm Us walls, but no 

diill : soror Principis potentlssimi Duels tablet has hitherto been placed in this 

dt Berwick; hand natalium splendorc ma- church to their memories: 
gisqaam omnibus virtutibus, animi corpo- "John, the third Earl of Waldegrave, 

risfH dotibus omata. Obiit die Stio April. General in the army ; Colonel of the Cbld- 

itno Domini 1780, «tot. 63. Felici me- stream regiment of Foot Guards ; Governor 

BOOK aacrum posuit Jacobus Comes, Vice- of Plymouth, and Lord Lieutenant of Essex ; 

Comet, etBarode Waldegrave, filiuscharis- buried October 2.9th, 1784. And Elira- 

*^o*- beth, his wife, daughter of Earl Gower, and 

On the summit is an urn, and at sister of Granville first Marmiis of Stafford, 

the base the Arms of Waldegrave in K. G. May the 5th, in the same year, 

1 lozenge, impaled with the Royal Also two of their daughters, Ladies Amelia 

Arms of Kuig James IL "^ ^~?*'";.. ^^^ ^Xt I" "^""^ *^^®- . 
" , ** Lady Charlotte Waldegrave, second 

Nearly opposite to the first of these and posthumous daughter of George the 

is a beautiful monument executed by fourth Earl, and Lady Elizabeth Laura, hia 

Bacon, and erected iu Sept. 1812. wife, eldest daughter of James the second 

It represents a Mother weeping over Earl, K. O. and her Royal Highness the 

the canteen of her Son, shipwrecked Duchess of Gloucester, here interred on 

on the shore, with his name attached January 23, 1790. 

to it: at the top, a Boy placed on a "^^"^*' ^"^^^^ff, ?? Admiral the Ho- 

rock, and gradually unfurling the "o««blc W.ll.am Waldegrave [now Lord 

British Standard, and undernealTi : ^JJ^/^ ^T^t ^*"?^' 4'^' »70i. 

<< William- Arthur, an inunt son of John* 

" In memory of the Honourable Edward James the sixth and present Earl, ou May 

Waldegrave, third son of George fourth 6th, 1821. 

Earl of Waldegrave, Lieutenant of the 7th << Elizabeth, Countess Dowager of Car- 
Light Dragoons; bom August 28, 1787, ; 

died January 92, 180.9. He greatly dis- * The General of his division was the 

tingimhed himself in the British Army in present Marquis of Aoglcsea, K. G. then • 

Spaisy in the cuaptLign in whivh Sir John IjOtA Paget, 



to Account of Nofmtock Fari<&.— Qr. HoiUm^i Work. (Jh^fJ 

dinn, eldetl dau^ter of John third Earl Mr. Urbav, E^ftM^ Jufyg^ r 

of Waldegrave» and widow of Jamas fifth | HAVE lately perased with much- 

Karl ofCardigan,buTledJuly lit, 1828." I satisfaction an ingentoas work 

Besides the capital manor of Naves- by John Haslam, M.D. late of Pem- 

tocky there are likewise two subor- broke Hall, Carabridee ; formerly Pre* 

dinate ones. Boys Hall.stands a mile sident of tlie Royal Medical, Natont 

East of the churcn. The first mention History, and Cnemical Societies of 

we find of it was in the reieu of Henry Edinburgh. It is intituled '* Sound. 

VIII. Andrew Prior held it of the Mind, or Contributions to the Natu- 

Dean and Canons of St. Paul's, Lon- ral History and Physiology of the Ha- 

dtm, as of their Prebend of Navestock, man Intellect." 

by fealty and yearly rent of 17i. In Dr. Haslam's former publications. 

1565 William Tusser and Charles on the Aberrations of Human Intel- 

Belfield conveyed it by indenture to lect, have placed him high in the esti- 

John Greene, Esq. ((escended from mation of the medical publick ; and 

the ancient family of the Greene's, of his present Work will, I have no 

Greens Norton, in Northamptonshire, doubt, extend his reputation. In this, 

ancestor of John Greene, Esq. edu- an attentive and philosophical reader 

cated at St. John's Colleee, Cam- will find much to exercise his think- 

bridge ; chosen Recorder of London in ing and reasoning faculties; and will 

March l6.S 8; and father of John Greene, agree with the Doctor in the fine sen- 

Etq. Serjeant at Law, Oct. 1st, 1700, timent with which he concludes his 

who died December 12, L755, aged Essay : 

81* ' ^ « When we coD«ider the attributes of tbo 

On the death of John Greene, of peity, and the nature of man, we can nevei 

Lincoln's Inn, Esq. who died 14th be induced to conclude that the tribunals of 

January 17^2, this manor was be- this world are the courts of final retribution., 

queathed to his kinsman, Maurice Man bears in his intellectual construction 

Greene, Doctor of Music, of whom the badge of moral rcfiwnsibility, and con-- 

it was purchased by James the second sequentfy the germ of future existence ; and 

Earl of Waldezrave ^^® ^^^X incentive that can ur^e him to the 

Lost Hall was in *John Sedley, Esq. advancement of science, and jhe Dnetice of 

who died 12th Au^. 1581. In iGsTft ^^'^fi".' " Revelation haa 
was purchased of Sir Wm. Sedley, Bart. 

of Northflcet, Kent, by John Greene, At a future period, I may perhaps 
Esq. and was sold with the former, to offer some remarks on the more inte- 
the same proprietor. Slades (which is resting parts of Dr. Haslam's truly in- 
only a reputed manor,) was in Henry genious publication. At present 1 will 
Torrell, and at his death on January confine myself to the less important 
7th, 1523, he held it of the Dean and consideration of what he somewhat 
Chapter of St. Paul's ; afterwards, ungraciously designates " the dullness 
Humphrey, his son, on his decease, and drudgery of verbal criticism.*' I 
which happened Sept. 12th, 1544, say ungraciously, because in the course 
held it of King Henry VIII. in whose ©this Disquisitions, Dr. H. has evinc- 
hands the loiSship of Navestock then cd talents well calculated to rescue the 
was. The Howland family arc the study of etymoloev and philology from 
next proprietors of it on record « they the charge of dullness, 
resided at Stone Hall, in Little Can- At page 63, he observes, 
field, Essex; but it has passed witli the «« Considering the lustory of our owi^ 
others ; and thus the best and chief language, and the nature of its composi- 
pert of the parish is now appertaining tion, we are enabled satisfiwtorily to inres- 
to the Earl of Waldegrave. tigate not only the primitive sense of our 
Trinity College, Oxford, has been terms, but likewise their exact significa- 
fot some years in possession of the tion, in the languages firom whence we im- 
great tythes, and make the Vicar ^ ported, them : for there stUl remain snffi- 
lessee of the same, who pays to th« ^'l*"' authentic materials in our Saxon and 
College a small quit-rent, and a fine Norman records to verifjr their original 
certain of 60/. per armum. meanmg. If we enquire into the causes 
The Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's T^'^^u • °^^ *° deflect thesa terms 
indtu^t the Vicarwho^^Trinity College fbri^ti^-Tr^i^Tpll^-^^^^ 
preten •. t t? t» corruption j and this infirmity appears to 
Yours, Sec. J. E. F. have pmded aiost of the hngoi^ of 

\Vio«a 




-«Ub1i iMert pridiiQad po«t% an equally ebrrect and andent meaiw 
■M Nphp ioiMM." in^, viz. that of the Latin word mM 
In a note, the Doctor continocs, fMMo, to defile, pollute, corrupt, \»i 
«To dKwd • tiocla Ulastimtum of tUi loale, or disgrace. 
fe^ Itt the Torbto bewray be selected. The word to which I allude is It^ 
ahhoucfa • wotd of vtrj difbreit wraie, a noun substantive, evidently 
K, lasbeeB eoofoaoded with to fo- formed from bevfray, which was an- 
no TifP'Tg of ibe former it to tiently used also in the senses just 
r, erpoir, end k derived from a Saxoa uamra. 
vab bearing that MnM; the laUer I>r. Leofwine having roused and te» 
JafamoB baa derifed from the French tm^ proached the soldiers of his brother 
Ur, sDd haa cited some initancea a. auUu>- harold for their beastly drunkemieia 
litiis for Ua perrerted tense. It u but jot- ^^^ dUgraceful misconduct on the 
« to ob^mre, that theee word. pr««jre ^j^^^ prSjeding the battle of Hastings; 
their dutiDCt and teparate tente m all the. ^/^^ J\ ^.«™^ ♦^ « ^^u ^r k^.,5j! 
iastMce. where they^hare been employed, J^^ ^^^ compared to apa«k of hounds 
bodi a Shaktpeare and the Bible. It may ^^^ ^^''^ J«»t recovered the scent,— • 
thaRfoie be inferred to have been a recent ** So ttyrrd the viliante Saxons everyeh 
mnptiflB.'' on« ; [ttoode. 
It is worthy of observation, that in ^?* ^'"^^.T^ H ""'m'*'* cbampyoosi 
Mr.SoutheyWition of Chatterton's T^^*^"^^*^"*«^^• . 
Miscellanies, the extraordinary Youth ^ That w, to atone for their previoui 
(who, as Mr. Warton very happily ">ul disgrace, and not for their ireack* 
eapicssed it, was bom an Ancient) had «y» » it has been rendered by Dr. 
the coosummate art, experience, and Milles and M r. Southcy. ••• 

jwlgmenC, to confine the same phrase ♦ 

m 3\ iu \-arious inflections and parts Mf. Urban, Stranraer, N. B. 
ofspeech to its just and genuine origi- ^ .^^^^^l .r^,^ . , Jtily 4, 
naTmeaning. Thus, in the Battle of I APPRECIATL the honour yoo 

HastiniES ii 1 647 nave done me, in the insertion of 

' «C«npynon, U it thee I tee ? "^X "?^*'^^» ?" *^« " Mermaid,'' by 

TTiee ? who dydtt £tet of glorie. to Iru^ryen, ^^V of reply to your anonymous Cor- 

Mow pooriie come to hvde tbieselfe bie respondent. 

mee.** Allow me to call the attention of 

.. ,^ -I'.ii r your readers to the present state of that 

FJll^Asi"- '^ «nlerlude of i^^^i^^^.^ compound called Paper. 

CJU, i. 485, Every printer will corroborate my testi- 

"EftwHmes 1 hope wee tcalle engage yn monyfi and I am only astonished that 

ngbte; ^\^^ mtercstinz question has been so 

Hunne to the jouldyera all thou wylte l^ ,^,jg neglected and forgotten. It is 8 

*'^'*^ • duty, however, of the most imperative 

^, , .. , r. .. 1 -. description ; — our beautiful Religion, 

"Eft toc»et I wyleimrj^Cue, display] ^„^ lliterature, our Science, all arc 

ro»e ragefuile ire, threatened 
And Goddit Anlace wielde yn furie dvre.*' c* • .i. u i *.. r 

Trug, o/Gcddunr^, 72. ^ , ,^^^T^ P^^^°" '? "^^ ^^^^ «f ^r"^*"^ 

T. -; ^ . . letters on ** Bath wove Post,* must 

..^^T?"^* ^ trespassing too much, j^^^.^ ^^^ ^^^u,!^ ^f ^^^^ j ^^^^ 

Mr. Urban, upon your valuable pages, j^j^^ Specimens there are, that be- 

wcre I to quote all the SO or more i>as. r ^^^^j ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ 

sages in which this phrase occurs in f^|, asunder ; others, that being heated 

the sense of disclose or display, and ^^^^^^ ^ disintegrate and tumble ta 
never in that of heir ay. But lliese are pig^^gj ° 

not the only instances of his skill and ^ j j^^^.^ g^^„ ,^^j^„ ^f ^ ^^^^„^ ^^^ 

judgment ; for if Dr. H. should think ^i^^ . become a carte blanche. One 

It worth while to examine all iho pas- •' . . _ . 

s^^es, he will find one in which a kin- f We insert this letter of our ingenioua 

dred word occurs in a different but Correspondent with much pleasure, as wo 

...._— ———_.. .^- — —^ can from sad experience conBrm the truth 

* i. e. Thy Cowardice will be displayed of bis assertious ; and we are not without a 

or discovered, from VToy, to discover; for hope of his hints producing some beucficial 
which an authority is afforded by George results. It is notorious that the great mats 
Gateoigne't <* Goodlie Ende." '* These of printing papers are now made of cotton 
foUowiag words my teatament do wray,"'-' rags ; and that to produce a VteXU^x co\o^> 

doditeover; tbow iri/f be wreea, thou wilt the pulp undergoes a c\iem\ca\ ^Toc«a%« 

U dtfoareTtd. wiiicllmatcriallyinJuTW iUd>MaV^\X^ --^^>^^- 

\evvt\» 



9S On the bad Cony^otUkm of Paper. (fplf^ 

letter, which I forwarded hy post, fell obtained. I am disposed to think that 

to pieces by the way, and I have no- nettles (urtiea urent) would be an 

tlced more than once a description of excellent substitute for linen rags, if 

writing-paper, that bein^ bent, snapp- linen cannot be obtained in sufncient 

ed like a bit of watch-spring. I have in quantity. In the North of Italy they 

my possession a large popy of the Bible manufacture a beautiful cloth from the 

pnnted at Oxford, 181 6 (never used), parenchematous fibre of the nettle, 
and issued by the British and Foreign Various have been the su1>stitutes 

Bible Society, crumbling liierallt/ into for, and materials of, paper. The me^ 

duit. I transmitted specimens of this dulla of the *< cyperus papyrus,'* (not 

volume to the Lord bishop of Glou- the epidermis of that plant, as has 

cester, and to Mr. Wilberforce. No been erroneously supposed) ; the bark 

doubt it must be difficult to legislate of trees, as of tne " paper mulberry,*' 

on such a subject, but something must white cotton, silk, &c. have aiforded 

be done and that early. I have watch- 'materials for the pulp. The " paper 

ed for some years the progress of the reeds*' are adverted to in holy writ ; 

evil, and have no hesitation in saying, and it has often occurred to me, that 

that if the same ratio of progression is the Wasp (" Vespa Vulgaris,**) first 

maintained, a century more will not gave the important hint of our pre- 

witness the volumes printed within sent paper tissue to man. 
the last twenty years. MS. Records I nave specimens of paper made 

are in the same fatal condition. from Amianthtu (incombustible pa- 

Our typography does credit to this per), leather, (not parchment, &c.) 

" our dear, our native land,*' and the wood, straw, silk, fire, 
paper is apparently good. The ink. Having examined the paper taken 

however, betrays the fatal secret ; there from the copy of the Bible, 18 16, and 

IS the canker worm t the ink of our already mentioned as in a state of ruin, 

most brilliant specimens of modern by chemical re-agents, I presume leave 

typography, as those of Ballantine, to subjoin the results. 
Bulmer, &c. has already become £rot£;it. To the tongue it presents a highly 

I now see clearly, that " Black letter ** astringent and aluminous taste, 
books are so called by a just and pro- On a heated metallic disc the leaf 

per emphasis ; for those of moaern evolves a volatile acid, evincing white 

times are ''brown letter** volumes. vapours with ammonia. 

The causes of destruction are two- The paper is brittle as tinder, and of 

fold : the materiel, and the mode of a yellowish tint. The ink is brown, 
bleaching the rags. Litmus paper was reddened in a so* 

The use of co//on rags was very hap- lution of the leaves in distilled water, 
pily superseded by those of linen, yet Hydriodate of potassa became green- 

I fear some manufacturers are not very ish yellow, from free sulphuric acid, 

scrupulous in the selection. or rather from the excess of that acid, 

Tne application of (juicklime to the obtaining in the supersulphate of alu- 

rags, once prevalent in France, but mina(allum). 

very properly subsequently interdicted, Osallate of ammonia gave the usual 
was a serious evil, for it actually de- indications of lime, 
composed the material. Are we en- Nitrate of silver exhibited the pre* 
tirely guiltless ? Such a process must sence of muriatic acid, no doubt result- 
needs olsor^anize the fibre. ing from the chlorine employed in 

The Chinese dip their paper in whitening the rags or paper, 
alum water; it is thereby rendered Nitrate of baryta proved the pre- 

brittle. Alum is clearly indicated, sence of sulphuric acid, or of a sul- 

cven to the taste, in the copy of the phate. 
sacred volume already referred to. The inference from these tests fol- 

I tak^ it however, that the chief lows: 
causes of destruction consist in the Free muriatic acid (from the chlo- 

cmployment of sulphate of lime, &c. rine). 
in the pulp, and oleaching the rags Sulphate of lime, 
previously, or the paper subsequently, Supersulphate of alumina, 
with oxymuriatic acid gas (chlorine). This analysis has been submitted to 

The tissue of papeir will be more or the University of Oxford, through the 

less firm and {permanent according to medium of a friend. 
the substance from which the pulp is Yours^ &c. J. Murray. 

COH- 



IM.] Cmpekiium of Coimiff Htttarff-^taffiy^ tt 

COMPENDIUM OF COUNTY HISTORY, 
STAFFORDSHIRE. 

*' Where Hampt tnd Manifold} their cliffs amon^ 
Each in hb ninty channely winds along ; 
With locld lines the dusky moon dividesy 
Harrying to intermix their sister tides. 
Where still their silver bosom'd nymphs abhor 

The blood-smear'd mansion of gigantic TuoR. 

• • • • • 

Three thousand steps in sparry clefts they stray^ 
Or seeky through sullen mines their gloomy way» 
On beds of lava, sleep in coral cellsy 
Or sigh o'er jasper nsh^ and agate shells. 
Till where fam'd Ilam leads his boiling floods. 

Through flowery n^eadows, and impending woods. 

• • • •• 

In plajfo! groups by towering Thorp ther move, ^ 

Bound o'er the foaming wean, and ru^ into the Dove."— -^DiRWm, 

SITUATION AND EXTENT. 

BtmidaneM^ North, Cheshire: East, Derbyshire: South, Worcestershire and 

Warwickshire: West, Shropshire. 
Grattttt length 62 \ greatest breadth 38 ; ctrcun^erence, 180 ; square 12S0 miles. 
fVvpMCf, CaiDterbury i Diocese, Lichfield and Coventry ; Circuit, Oxford. 

ANTIENT STATE AND REMAINS. 

Bniish Inhahiianis, the Ordivices ; afterwards the Comavii and Brigantes. 

i2MM» Province, Flavia Caesar ien sis. Stations, Etocetom, Wall -, Pennocru* 
ciam, Penkridge s Uriconium, Uttoxeter« 

Sason Heptarchy, Mercia. 

Jntiquities. Druidical Remains, Cannock Cseveral large single stones mark 
the spot as having been one of their residences) ; Druid Heath, near Barr 
Beacon (the scat of the Arch-Druid. Near this place was the summer and 
winter seats of the Arch-Druid); Wetton. British Encampments, Billingloni 
Castle-hill, near Beaudesert. Roman Earthwork, Morton. Roman Encamp- 
nents, Arleywood ; Ashton Heath; Ashwood Heath; Kinver; Oldburyt 
Shareshill, 2 ; Teddesley Park ; Wolverhampton church-yard. Roman 
Temples, Eccleshail ; Wall. Saxon Encampments, Bury Bank, near Stone i 
Bunbory t Kinver, (the work of Wulfhere, king of Mercia). Saxon Earth* 
work, at Byrsh, near Maer, erected by Kenred, in 705, in opposition to Osrid. 
Daaish Earthwork, King*s-standing, Sutton Coldiieid, (thrown up about Q 10 at 
the battles of Tettenhall and Wednesfield) . Abbeys of Burton (founded 1 004, 
by Ulfricus Spot, Earl of Mercia) y Chotes (cell to Aunay Abbey, in Nor- 
mandy, removed to Croxden); Croxden rfounded in 1170, by Biertrand de 
Verdon) ; Dieulacres (founded by Ranulph Earl of Chester, in 1220) ; 
Hanbury (of which St. Werburgh was Aboess) ; Hilton (founded in 1223^ 
bf Henry de Audley) i and Radmore (founded in 1 154, removed to Stonely, co. 
Warwict). Priories of Calwich (founded before 1148, by Nicholas de 
Gceselei Fitz-Nigel) ; Canwell (founded in 1 142, by Geva Ridel, daughter 
of Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester); Dudley (found^ in 1155, by Gervase 
I^nel, last Baron of Dudley, of that name) ; Lapley (founded by Algar, a 
noble Saxon, in 1 146, cell to the Abbe^ at Rheims) ; Lichfield (founded by 
RoKr de Clinton, who was Bishop oi Lichfield in 1129) j Ranton (founded 
I7 Robert Fitz-Noel, in IIQO); ilowcester (founded by Richard Bacon, in 
1140); Sandwell (founded in 1155, by William, son ofGuyde Opheni); 
Stafford (founded about 1180, by Richard Pechc, Bishop of Licnfield) 1 
Stone (found«l by Robert Lord Stafford, in 1 100 ; parts of the building form 
the foaodation of the presentparsonage-house) ; Thomas, St. (founded by 
Gerard de Sufibrd, in 1 162) ; Trentham (founded by Robert Eax\ o( CW^Vti, 
'm\flB)iTuihar/(fouDdcdbjrHeaijdeFenct8,in 108l)| and'Wo\vtTV\iim)^uwi 



f# Cbmpeniium of CowUjf Hutory—Sti^ordihm. .[Ji4% 

(founded by Wulfrena, relict of Aldhelm, Duke of Northampton, in 996). 
Nunneries of Blithbury (founded by Hugh Mavesyn) ; Breewood, or BladL 
Ladies (founded by Isabel Launder) ; Carswall Castle (created into a Nun- 
nery in 1811, by some French emigrant Nuns, who first settled at Preston^ 
CO. Lancashire); Fairwell (founded by Bishop Clinton, in 1140)i Stone 
(founded by Ermenilda, wife of King Wulthere, afVerwards a Prions | 
Tani worth (on the site of which the church now sunds) ; and White Ladies 
(founded in Iig5, by Hubert Walter). CAurcAw of Audlev ; Barton (bailt 
twentieth Henry VIIL by John Taylor); Burslcm; Byshbury; Carswall 1 
Chcckley 1 Colwich ; Clifton Camville (the spire one of the finest in the 
kin^om); Draycote; Elford; Gayton; Gnosal (Saxon style); Kinver (very 
ancient) t Lichfield, St. Chad's (supposed to have been erected by the Ro- 
mans), St. Mary*8 (founded in 855); Madely; Mavesine-Ridware ; Mdck- 
LESTON (lofty tower) ; Pipe-Rid ware ; Rushall ; Sandon ; Stafford, St 
Mary's (early style of Pomted architecture) St. Chad's (veiy ancient) | 
Stoke (of the Saxon style) i Tettenhall (handsome) ; Trvsall (on the Tower 
is sculptured the figure of a Bishop) 1 Wcdnesbury ; and Wolstanton. Chapels 
of Amington (in ruins) ; Aston, Little s Burston (founded by Ermenilda, the 
foundress of Stone Nunnery) ; Burton (erected by Edward II. in memory of 
his victory over the Earl of Lancaster at this place) ; Clent (on the scile of 
the place where the body of St. Kenehn was buried, very ancient Saxoo) ; 
Fazeley (long gone to decays ; Kinver (erected by the Hampton's, temp. 
Edward 1U.)| Packington (long dilapidated); Spittal, Tamworth (con- 
verted into a bam) ; and Stonywell (built by Bishop Stonyweil). Fonts of 
Ashley ; Lichfield, St. Chad's 1 Pipc-Ridware (sculptured with circles inter- 
bced) ; Norton-under-C'annock ; Stafford, St. Mary's ; Tettenhall (beautifollj 
ornamented) ; and Wolverhampton (sculptured witn numerous figures). Stem 
Pulpit of Wolverhampton (peculiarly beautiful). Castles of Alveton (boilt 
by Theob. dc Verdon, in 1300, destroyed in the civil wars) ; Audley (nO 
remains); Bonebury (built by Ceolrid, King of Mcrcia, in 71^); Bm^» 
Macr (composed of a double trench and rainpire, supposed to have been bnili 
by Kenrid, King of Mercia) ; Burton (built by Henry de Ferrers in IO7O) i 
Cfannock (the occasional residence of the 1st Kings of the Norman race) $ 
Carswall (built by Sir William de Carswall temp. Edwanl IL at present a 
Nunnery) ; Chartlcy (built by Richard de Blonaeville, Earl of Chester, in 
1220, in ruins) I (Jhesterton (existed before temp. William L; in mint); 
Croxden (founded 117 9, bv Bertram dc Verdon) ; Darlaston (supposed to 
have been the residence of vVulf here King of Mercia) ; Dudley (fortified by 
Gervase Paganel, 3d of Stephen, for Maud the Empress) 1 Eccieshall (rebuilt 
in 1310 by Walter de Langton, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventnr) ; HeleiKh 
(built by Henry dc Audley in 1200); Lichfield (levelled with the ground) 1 
Newcastle (founded by Edmund Earl of Lancaster, younger son of Henry 
III. scarce a vestige remains) ; Stafford (built in 913 by Ethelfleda, a Countess 
of Mercia), another, the baronial castle (built by Ralph first Earl of Stafford) ; 
Stourton (built by Robert Earl of Stafford in 1087) 1 Tamworth (erected 
on the site of Etnelfleda's Tower) ; Tirley (on the borders of Shropshire) ; 
Tutbuiy (built by John of Gaunt in 1358) ; and Wednesbury (built by Adel- 
fleda. Governess of the Mercian kingdom in 916). Mansions of Bentley (in 
which Charles IL took refuge after the battle of Worcester) ; Boscobil 
House (the refuge of Charles II. after the same battle); Brinsford (in which 
Lord Wilmot took refuge afVer the same battle); Eccieshall (the seat of the 
Boiville family, converts into a farm house); Holbeach (the property of the 
Waltons, and in which Littleton, and others, concerned in the Powder- plot 
were taken); and Moseley Hall (in which Charles II. took refuge after the 
battle of Worcester). Caves of Biddulph (artificial); and Thor's Cavem, 
Manifold (a large excavation on the side of a lofty precipice, 30 feet high 
and 44 long, supposed to have been the place of sacrifice of the Druids.) 

PRESENT STATE AND APPEARANCE. 

Rivers. Blythe; Borne ; Chemet ; Dane ; Dove ; Hamps 1 Ham; Lime ; Mani- 
fold ; Penk ; Smestall ; Sow ; Stour ; Tame ; Tern ; ind Trent. 
Inland Navigation. Birmingham ; Coventry and Oxford ; Dudley Tunnel, 

and 



I 



MO.] dm^^eifdium of Camiiy Nitt&ry.-^Staffordsklfe, 25 

and Ncthcrton; GnmA Trunk (to Hare-ca&tle hill» tinder ground 2,880 
raids); Grealey's (Sir Niffcl) ; Staffordshire and Worcester i Stourbridge; 
Trent and Mersey ; and W^ley and Essington canals. 

Ua. Aquelate (1848 yards long, and 672 broad); Eccleshall Pool ; Ladford 
Fool (nid to comprehend about 60 acres); Lush Pool; Maer Pool; and 
HtwPtxli. 

Emmemees and FUwi, Ashley Heath (803 feet high) ; Barr Beacon (653 feet 
high) ; Barrow-cop-hilU very extensive ; Bcaudescrt Park (a delightful pros- 
pect of nine different counties) ; Castle Ring (716 feet high): Knaves Castle, 
CaBDOck Heath ; Sherholt Park 1 Tamworth Castle ; Tuthury Castle ; 
and Weaver-hill (1 154 feet high). 

Stiaml Curiasiiiet. Alstonfield (the source of the river Dm-e) ; Bradley (the 
euth on fire) t Codsall Sulphureous springs ; Erasmus' (St.) Well between 
Ingatrieand Stafford; Enstone spring of weak brine; Maer (the source of 
the rhrer Tern); Modsweli WeU, near Can well Priorf ; Newcastle (the 
source of the river Sow) t Penk river rises in Cuddleston Hundred ; Shopnall 
Chalybeate spring; Tame river rises in Seisdon Hundred' Trent river rises 
Inn New pool, at Knipersley, and from two springs near Kf olecap and Nor- 
ton Hay ; Western salt and sulphur springs ; and Willow-bridge medicinal 
nrioff (originally discovered by Lady Bromley.) 

FMcid^cet. Abbot's Bromley Free School, founded in l603. Brewood 
Free Grammar School^ founded by Dr. Knightley. Burtom-upon-Trbnt 
brid« of 35 arches, 1545 feet long ; Free Grammar School, founded in 1520, 
bv WilJiani Bcane. Cheadlc Free School. Dilhorne Free Grammar School. 
EuM bridge, across the Tame, handsome. Falkesley bridge, over the 
Tame, throush which the Watling Street passes at its entrance into the 
CMmty. Haroome Charity School. Haywood bridge of 40 arches. Lich- 
ruLD Guildhall ; Free Grammar Schoc^, founded by Bishop Smith in 1495, 
n-foonded by Edward VI; English Free School, endowed by Thomas 
Minofs, €S<L> *n IG70 ; the New Theatre in Boar-street ; Gaol ; Botanic Garden 
fomied by Ur. Darwin. Newcastlb Free Grammar School, founded temp. 

- Elisabeth, Ky John Cotton, Gent, of Alkington, co. Salop, the present one 
erected m 172«: Free School erected in 1704, by Edward Ormc, Clerk. 
Grer Penn (Charity School, founded by Rev. C. Wynn, Vicar of that place 
in 1714. Penkricfge Charity School. Roileston Free School, founded about 
1580, bv R. Shereboume, Bp. of Chichester. Rugeley Charity School, found- 
ed by J. B. Cowpcr. Stafford Count;^ Hall, built in 1794; County Gaol, 
built in 1793; (Jounty Infirmary, built in 1777; Lunatic Asylum, built in 
1817; Free School, founded by Edward VI. in 1550. Stone Free Grammar 
School, founded in 1558, by Thomas Allkm, the eminent Mathemati- 
cian. Tamworth Free Grammar School, restored by Elizabeth in 1588. 
TixaU bridge, over the Trent, consisted of 42 arches. Uttoxeter Free 
School, founded in 1558, by Thomas Allen, the Mathematician; Stone 
bridge, connecting this countv with Derby. Walsall Free School, founded 
by Queen Mary m 1553. Whichnor bridge, built temp. Henry 111. de- 
stroyed by a flood in 1795, and the present one soon after erected. VVol. 
verhampton Free School, founded in 1515, by Sir Stephen Jenyns, Knt. 
Alderman of London. 

Seats. Ingestrie Hall, Earl Talbot, liord Lieutenant of the County. 



AbbcviDe Pbtk, Lord Gardner. 
Aetoa hiD, George Hadderton, esq. 

Aldershav, H'dl, esq. 

Arliy Hall, Ear! of Moantaorris. 
Amitace Park, T. Lister, esq. 
Aiheonb Hall, Wm. Snevd, eiq. 
Ashealiazn Hall, J. Leigh, esq. 
Artoa Hall, near Saodon, Rev. T. Grafton, 
jyi Hav, Leek, Dr. Hnlme. 
BiiferdHall, near Wedey, Wm. Sneyd, esq. 
—^ Fans, Alexander Bower^ esq. 
BetdiMnra, Earl Whatworth. 
Gairr. Mao. July iSfj. 



Beaudeiert Park, Marquis of Anglesea. 
Bellamore, Lichfield, Edward Blount, esq. 
Belmont, Rev. W. Carlisle. 

Berry HUl Cottage, Swinfen, Sunlov, 

esq. 

Betley House, Sir John-Fletcher- Fenton 

Boiighey, bart. 
Bishton Hall, Rugeley, John Sparrow, e^q. 
Black Lion Hill, Hugh Booth, esq. 
Blithfield House, Lord Bagot. 
Bonehill House, near Fazeley, E. Peel, esq. 
CotUge, W. Peel, e»<^. 

ftoaco\N\ 



M CMipfiidiiiM of Cbiwly Hitiary.—Sk!ffardihvre. [Jdj, 

Botcobel HouM, Mr. Erant. Huntlev Hall, Giptain Sneyd. 

Bradley Hdl, Edward Anton, taq. Keel Hall, Colonel Sneyd. 

Brereton, Miis Snevd. Knipeialey, Sir Roger Greiley, bart* 

Broadwall Hall, William Sneyd, eaq. Knowle House, Swinfen, Holland, m^* 

Brockum Hall, EccIeshaU, WUIiam Eld, Lea HaU, J. Webb, esq. 

esq. Lichfield Palace, Sir C. Oaldey, bart. 

Brocton Hall, MUford, Sir George Chet Lioley Wood, J. Caldwell, esq. 

wynd, bart. Liswiss HaU, near Lichfield, Mrs. Tyson* 

— — Lodge, G. Chetwynd, esq. Lozley Park, T. Sneyd Kynnersley, esq. 

Brook House, Wetley Rocks, Henry Powis, Madeley Park, Weston Yonge, eaq. 

esq. Maple Hayes, J. Atkinson, esq. 

Broom's Cottage, W.B. Meeke, esq. Meafoid Hall, E. J. RicketU, eaq. 

Broughton, Sir J. Delves Broughton, bart. Merivale, Thomas Herrick, esq. 

Bnrton-upon-Trent, T. Greatorex, esq. Middleton Hall, F. Lawley, esq. 

Butterton Hall, Thomas Swinncrton, esq. Milford Hall, R. Lerett, esq. 

Canwell, Beilby Lawley, esq. Cottage, Rev. R. heteU. 

Cliarlemont Hall, T. Price, esq. MillfieM, Rev. F. Blick. 

Cbvtley Castle, Earl Ferrers. Morton House, J. Hanbury, esq. 

Cheddleton Park, Rev. E. Powys. Newcastle, Sir John - fletcoer - Fentxm 

ChillingtoD, Thodias Giffard, esq. Boughey, bart. 

ClUf Ville, John Torollason, esq. ■ Cloughs, Rev. J. B. Basnett. 

Clough Hall, Thomas Kinnersley, esq. ■ Mount, Jesiah Spode, esq. 

Colfnch Hall, Rev. J. Granville. Oakeley, Sir John Chetwode, bart. 

■ Mount, W. Bagot, esq. Packington HaU, near Hopwas, Rev. T. 

Comberford Hall, WUIiam Tongue, esq. Levett. 

ConsaU HaU, near Wetley Rocks, J. Leigh, Piarkh^use, Wolseley bridge, T. Mackaniie, 

esq. esq. 

Crakemarsh Hall, near Uttoxeter, Thomas Patteshul, Sir George Pigott, bart. 

C. Sheppard, esq. Perry Hall, Byshburr, John Gough, esq. 

CresweU HaU, near Great Bridgeford, Rev, Petsall, Sir George DaUas, bart. 

T.Whitby. Prestwood House, J. H. H. Foley, oq, 

Crewe Hall, Lord Crewe. RavenhUl, Colonel Madan. 

Darlaston Hall, Captain Trelawny. Rolleston, Sir Oswald Mosley, bart. 

DUborn Hall, F. B. Y. BuUer, esq. Rushall Hall, Sir George Anson, K.C B. ■ 
Dirosdale, J. Bennett, esq. Sandon Hall, Earl of Harrowby. 

Dorford Hall, H. Tomkinson, esq. Sandwell Park, Earl of Dartmouth. 

Dovebridge, near Uttoxeter, Lord Water- Seighford Hall, Francis EM, esq. 

park. Shenstone Park, Weeford, £. Grove, esq. 

Drakelow, Sir Roger Greslcy, bart. Lod^e, Captain Parker. 

Dravton Park, Sir Robert Pocl, bart. Hall, Cooke, esq. 

EccIeshaU Castle, Bishop of Lichfield and Smcthwick, J. Reynolds, esq. 

Coventry. Grove, J. Im MoUlies, esq. 

Elfred, near Lichfield, Hon. Col. Howard. Soho, near Haudsworth, M. R. Boulton, esq. 
Elmhurst HaU, Lichfield, J. Smith, esq. Somerfbrd Hall, near Wolverhampton, Hon. 

Endon Ashes, Chricklow, esq. Edward Monckton. 

EnvUle Hall, Earl of Stamford and War- StepenhaU, Daniel, esq. 

rington. R. Piel, esq. 

Etnina, Josiah Wedffwood, esq. Stonyfield, Mrs. Bent. 

Farley Hall, Jolm BOl, esq. Swinfim HaU, J. Swinfen, esq. 

Fenton HaU, Thomas Allen, esa. Swinnerton Patk, T. Fitzberbert, esq. 

Fotberley Hall, Weeford, Rev. Mr. PhUlips. Tamworth Castle, Marquis Townshend. 
Freefbrd Hall, R. Dyott, esq. Teddesley Park, Edward Littleton, esq. 

Great Barr Hall, Sir Joseph Scott, bart. TettenhaU, Rev. G. H. Thursley. 
Hagley, Earl Howe. ■ F. Holyoake, esq. 

Park, Hon. R. Curzon. J. Pearson, esq. 

Hamstead HaU, W. Wallis, esq. P. T. Hmckes, esq. 

Handsworth, J. Spencer, esq. Thickbroom Cottage, Weeford, Admiral 

■ — W. (x. Clarke, esq. Manley. 

J. Grice, esq. Tellington House, EccIeshaU, W. Locker, 



~—. Rev. J. L. freer. esq. 

Haunch HaU, Lichfield, Gen. Dyott. Tixall, near Lichfield, Viscount GnavUle. 

Heathfieia House, Handsworth, Mrs. Watt. Sir Thomas Hugh Clifford, bart. 

HUcott HaU, EccIeshaU, Mrs. Johnson. Trentham Hall, Marquis of Stafford, CuitQt 

HiU Hall, Swinfen, Hiddell, esq. Rotulorum of the County. 

Hilton, J. G. Smythe, esq. Walton, Sir William Coi^reve, bart. F. R. S. 

Hinto, C. H. C. Fioyer, esq. Edward Miller Mundy, esq. 

Hovgh House^ Rev. Robert Hill. Wetlands, Spencer Rogers, esq. 



IKS.] 



Qmpendmm of Onmig Bitt&ry.^-'Siaffordfhire. 



«7 



Wtrp, The, Ridiud Fryer, esq. 
W«coa UeU, £m1 of Bndfard. 

W«tvood« Goldsmid, esq. 

Wiehdqa Lo^ge, W. Moore, esq. 
Wusintoa Lodge, Mn. Clarke. 
WdKley, Sir Oiarke Wolseley, bart. 



WolveiluunptOD, J. Hodem, esq. 

■ Thoma* Perry, esq. 

Woodhead, Thomas Hon^bomej esq. 
Wooton Hall, Colonel Wilson. 
Wrottesley Hall, Sir John Wrottesley, bart. 
Wyriey Grore, Fhinees Hossey, esq. 

Ptenge. Adbaston Viscounty and Barony to Earl Whitworth ; Anson of 
Shi^t»orough and Orgrave Viscounty to Anson $ Blithfield Barony to Bagot 
of Blitlifiekl ; Dudley-castle Barony to Ward ; Fisherwick oarony to 
Chichester ; Gardner of Uttoxeter Barony to Viscount Gardner ; Granville c^ 
SiDoe Park Viscounty to Gower ; Audley of Heleigh Barony to Thicknesse 
Touchet; Ingestrie Viscounty to E^rl Talbot; Meaford Viscounty and Ba^ 
rony to Jenris, Earl St. Vincent; Newcastle Dukedom to Clinton; Paget of 
Beaudesert Barony to Marquis of Anglesea ; Sandon Viscounty to Ryder, 
Earl of Harrowby; Stafford Marquisate to family of Gower; Tamworth 
Visconnty to Earl Ferrers ; Trentham Viscounty to Mart)uisate of Stafford. 

Mtmhen to ParHamerU for the County 2 ; Lichfield 2 ; Ncwcastle-uuder-Lyne 
2; Staflbrd 2; Tamworth 8; total 10. 

Pniimet. Coal, iron-stone, quarry-stone, lead, alabaster, limestone, marble, 
copper, iron, com, fish, excellent sand for making glass. 

Mumfochtret. Earthenware, hats, glass-toys, lapanned goods, enamelled 

Sb, Queen's ware, potters ware, cotton, silk, leather, woollen, linen, blue 
k and tile works, iron, brass, and tin works, morlu or bronze articles. 
The watch chains, edge tools, files, chapes, augers, buckles, and steel toys, 
are unrivalled. 

POPULATION. 
ffmdreds 10. Libertin 18. Whole Parishes 125. Paris of Parishes 19. 
Markei towns \8.-^Inhahitanis, (1821), Males 171,668 1 Females l6g,37S| 
LDtal 341,040. — Families employed in agriculture 18,286 i in trade 48,435 1 
in neither 8,o60 ; total 68,720. — Baptisms. Males 54,283 1 Females 5 1 ,374 ; 
toul lObfi57»'-~ Marriages. 27,Offi,'^ Burials, Males 32,041 ; Females 
30,2l6; total 6s,257. 

Places not having less than 1,000 Inhabitants. 

HcNises. Inbab, 
W<rf«A«np-? J , 

too ^ 

Seilgley - 3045 
Button - iS87 

TibhiogtoD - S005 
KifigSwinford S083 
finnlcm 
WestBrom- 7 

1534 



vich 
Shelum 
Ltw^ton mad 



1951 
1831 



17196 
12003 
11546 
11022 
9699 

9505 



90S 4114 



870 3969 



7325 



} 



1462 7100 



Newcistle- 

UYDUI-LYICa 

WadoMbury 1981 
WalttU Foreign 1302 
1135 
1191 
1058 
1127 
1008 
1256 




SrAPfORD - 

WalnB 
Pkakbnl and 

Boothea 
UtkoMief - 



! 



1497 7031 

6471 
6410 
6075 
5622 
6063 
5585 
5759 
5504 

1036 4915 

957 4658 



} 



757 
779 



3965 
8862 



Houses. Inliab. 
Barton-upon 

Trent 
Stoke-upott- 

Trent 
WUlenhoU - 
Cheadle 
Hsndsworth 

with Soho 
Stone - 550 

Rugelej - 504 
Tunstall Court 532 
Penkridge - 417 
Broewooid - 442 
Smethwick - 338 
Norton on the 1 



635 3082 

2855 
2677 
2622 
3299 
9268 
1950 



Moor. /«*7 1793 

Kinfare - 385 1735 

Shenstone - 309 16P9 

BiddaJph - 324 1666 

Colwiob - 312 1646 

Tamworth - 337 1636 
Checkley and 

Tean 

HUderstona - 310 



i 



820 1591 



Abbots Bromlej 311 



1591 
1533 



Houses. Inhab. 



Wednesfield 

Tettenhall 
Re<;i8 witli 
Tettenliall 
Clericurum 

Tutbuxy 

Harbone 

Womborne - 

Barton under- 
Needwood 

Eccleshall 

Stowe 

Madeley 

Amblecoat •> 

Yoxhall 

Fairfield head 

Fazeley 

Castle Church 

Longdon 

Alveton 

Kibblestone 

Cheddleton - 

Keale 

Gnosal 

Rocester 

Talk-o'th-hiU 



279 1468 



314 1464 



I 



272 
267 
256 



1444 
1400 
1308 



250 1387 



245 
929 
313 
334 
304 
306 
193 
333 
242 
307 
186 
315 
203 
183 
184 
300 



1354 
1185 
1166 
1157 
1145 
1135 
1138 
1118 
1115 
1108 
1089 
1061 
1061 
1088 
1037 
1008 



(To be coniinued.) 



S.T. 



TWE. 



«8 The Ceimr, No. JTF,— fflr Samnel Luke. [Joljr, 

THE CENSOR. No. XV. hoping that futare raearoh imy de- 

Memoirs qfSir Samuel Luke, Knt. cicfe a question we har. barely pie. 

a^ ,/^ V u T> *. sumcd to discuss. 

1 . " rjUDIBRAS, in three Parte, .j^^ j^ukc family derived its honoan 

J. Ml written m the time of tt^ r^^ q:, Walter a'' TnHm in th«^ Cmi 



•'/. .•— ^ — J — ■^' /TT rnu ^^ -.,1 lyiu^ n.nnc jLiauacciyii, nunc «w **w 

With a new set of Cute. The second ^^ j^j^ ^^ Nicholas becaoM a 
edition. London, printed for C. IJitch, ^^^ ^j. Exchequer! the third in db- 
&c. 1744. 2 vols. 8vo. ,^n^ f^n^ whom, Oliver, was enleied 

«. " Letters, by which it is certified ^t the Middle Temple, April 24, ... • 
that Sir Samuel Luke tooke at Islip, fje was knighted at the Charterfaiwis 
fiftie horse and iiftie pound in money, '|„ |6q3^ served the shrievalty of hb 
twentie-seaven prisoners. Sir — —For- county in lfil7, and represented it in 
tescne being one, &c. &c. Testified by several Parliamente, wiierfe his nanie 
Colonell Chad wick. London, printed frequently occurs in Committees, and 
by F. L. May 28, l644, 4to, pp- 7." in those appointed for provincial bun- 

3. */Mercuriu8 Mbkippbus ', The ness during the war, till the chanae of 
Ixml Satirist, or Hudibras in Prose, politics in l647. He married Hiia- 
Written by an unknown hand in the beth, daughter to Sir Valentine Knight- 
time of the late Rebellion ; but never ley of Fawsley, by whom he had three 
till now published. »ons, Samuel, John, and NichoUa. 

* Si Crto reddrtur, Gnanmnui erii.' Samuel, the eld«t son of Sir Oliw, 

, ' . A c r TT' J L was deformed and dwarnsh% delects 

London, printed for Jos. Htndmarsh, ^ntly compensated by soperior 

at the s«p of the Black Bull near tlui jSificatfons oY mind. ^HeSm 
Royal Bfhan« in ^^*»/'- ^^f- gnighted July 20, 1624, represented 
4to,pp.24.' [Reprinted m 1715, un- ^ford-tow/ in Uie Long PtoUa- 
der tlie tl^for^'; Memoirs of the years j j^^^j j^ a regiment 

1649 and 50,- m Butler's " Spurio^ -^ ^^it county, wasWted to t^ com- 

Remains. J liiand, in which station he carried a 

magnificent ensign, emblazoned with 

The commentators on Butler, con- symbols of religion and liberty, the fa. 
fining themselves to the illustration of vourite professions of his party « His 
obscure passa^, have done little to- nomination was approved by the Pn* 
wards identifying the character of Hu- liament, who commissioned him to 
Libras, some through disbelief, apd apprehend Sir Lewis Dives, then at 
others from confidence. To the scanty the head of the King's interest in Bed- 
notices of Grey, nothing has been fordshire. In this crusade he was 
aidded ; nor have these been collected confessedly repulsed, and received four 
into a regular form. In offering the wounds, while Sir Lewis saved his 
following memorials, therefore, we life by swimming a river, but the 
claim only precedence, awa^e that plunder of his house at Bromham re* 
much remains |U> be performed, and warded the soldiers^ and when the 

1 Communicated by Mr. C Bald|V7ii. 

* ChroDoloffical Aceoimt of EniineDt Penoai, &c. MS. ii^ thp libfiiy of Dr. DhM 
Williams, Red Croee-ftieet. The jmx is not mentioned. 

* The author of Mereuriut Menippeus hat lefb us a half-]cngtl> portrait of Syr Qfrnml. 
Speaking of Cromwell, he sejs, *' I wonder how Sir Samuel Luke and l)e should dash, for 
they are both cubs of the seme ugly litter. This urchin is as il]-carve4 m that GobCa 
l^nted. The grudun bear sure ha^ blistered her tongue, and so left him unlicked. Ha 
looks like a snail with a house upon lus back, or the spirit of the miHUa with a aatnial 
sknapsack, and may both serve for tinker and bu4get too. Nature intended him to plqf sS 
bowM, and therefore daot a tiat upon him. You may take him for St. Christopher, wilk 
the Devil at his back. O that knot-gnui should puige tlie kingdom ! We mutt be riddsB 
by a Camel, and reformed by the sien of the Dotphiru You would think him levelled soil^ 
ciently, but Harvey will have him lower yet, and down with the wall, though it be built 
with a buttreti," Ike. Similar passages appear in various diumals and pamphlets. Con!^ 
Hudibras, I. i. 387. 

4 Prestwich's Rcspublica, 1787. 



10^.] The CentOTy No. XV.'^Svr Samuel Luke. 99 

eemmiMioiien miencd it, they found with a hundred pounds, and redeem- 

DOthiDE of any Taloe^ ed the credit of his re§^ment soon af- 

In October he was present at the ter in a skirmish at Wycombe ^ From 

battle of Edge>hiUy where he charsed thence he proceeded to Leighton in 

wfisntly ; and in May met the Earl of Bedfordshire, where he levied troops 

Esiex at Thame, preparatonr to a to oppose a body of Royalists und^ 

janctioD with Hampden. Although Sir John Digby, Dives, and Urrey, 

dcsnled by Urrey, they ventured an who commanded the Northern parta 

atCninnor(June 18), in which of the county, and supported them- 



they were defeated with considerable selves by plunder^ These officers, 

1m: tluee of Sir Samuel's standards pursuant to directions from Oxford, 

were taken, while he ''so guarded having taken-in Olney, seized upon 

kilMelf With his short sword, that he Newport-Pagnel, where they proposed 

(sealed without hurt, though thrice lo establish a sarrison of 1500 men. 

taken pfiioner, yet rescued, and those Sir Lewis issued orders for bringing in 

to whom he was a prisoner slaine :** provisions, and compelled the inha« 

the iMt dnie he was overpowered, but oitants to work at the fortifications, as 

mttd I7 his servant, who pistolled the he desifroed to establish a barrier be- 

cnalier. He rewarded his preserver tween Bristol and Peterborough, and 



* fofiwt Diiimsl, No. 6. Addit. MSS. Mas. Britt. 5494. The Onie neir Bromham 
iMBf to bavts been the scene of aotion. — Two stories are related by Ryvet, which east 
MBM £seradit on Sir Samuel. 1. The ejection and imprisonment of Thome, the Clergy- 
SKB at Bedford. 9. The searching and plundering of the Due de Vendome at Uxhridge, 
kvioktioD of s paaa firom the dose Committee. The first contains no positiTc evidence 
if Im iaterfomnce ; and In the second it is allowed that he acted under orders from the 
&ri of Eases. The 0oko wae probably suspected of acting for the Kinff> and eifedience 
■qr cxtSBuato what it cannot justify* Conf. Merc. Rust. iT^— ^iii. BuUer obscrTes, 

** For words and promises that yoke 

The conqueror are quickly broke — 

For if we shouM fight for the cause 

By rules of military laws. 

And only do what they call just. 

The cause would quickly fall to dust." P. i. ii. 1091* 

* Csftain Informatio9Sy Jui^e 96, 1643. Parliament Scout, No. I. The Knight's 
Svofd, we are told, 

" a dagger had, his page. 
That was but little for his age ; 
And therefore waited on him so, 
As dwar£i upon knights errant do. 
It was a servipeable dudgeon, 
Ei^r for fighting or for drudging," &c. P. i. ii. 375. 

This cireianataBee is introduced in the second canto, where the Squire rescues his master 
Inm Crowdero. L. 9S3> et seqq. 

' Parliament Scout. The following intercepted warrant may servo to illustrate his way 
«f raising recruits: 

« To the Constables and InhabitanU of Salford : 

" These are to signifie, that it is Sir Samuel Luke's desire that it be published in your 
parish with all speed, that he will no longer dally with, or by any more fiiire wayes or 
lananci claw his countrymen, seeing that it is altogether vaine and fhiitlesse, but he is 
rssobred that if all persons in every parish between 1 6 and 60, being able to carry armes, 
sImII not severally appeare at Lcdghian on Monday morning nest by 7 of the clock, with 
an prorisions with toem, and armes and weapons for the service of the State and their 
own safety ; he will proceed against such cold and insensible persons and parishes of this 
•oonty with that rigour and severitie as is done in other places, that the »)od may not re- 
Bsine always scoft and derided at, but that they may receive such ease and comfort by sudi 
liiB proceedings as is agreable to all manner of equitie and good conscience, and to let them 
know that w such as do come areHo march away presently, and therefore desire them to 
come provided for that purpose : foylc you not hereof, and to bring a list of the names of 
««ery man, at your perils. 

•< TciUingtm, Julj^ 1 , i 643. ThoMKS ?OTt«, * 

Mmearittt Aulkw, July i. 



30 The CeMMor, No. XV.Svr Samuel Luke. [July, 

to cut off supplies from the metropo- bands, till, finding bis means unequal 
lis*. Of his movements as Governor, to the object, he quitted his post, and 
we arc only ir-formed, that he reta- retired to the court at Oxford. The 
Hated the plunder of Bromham upon Lord Biron had advanced as far as 
his enemy's house at Hawnes, and ap- Broughton, but was seemingly uii»- 
prehended some Committee-men at ble to render any assistance, as he de- 
Ampthill'; but bis seasonable pre- parted immediately **. Several en- 
sence enabled the Royalists in Bed- gagements took place in the neidb- 
fordsbire to collect their scattered bourhood, all tending to confirm tarn 
strength, and to hold a commission of measures of the Parliament, at Tow- 
array at Shesford, probably in the cester, Stuny-Stratford, Aldertoo, OU 
mansion of Sir Charles Ventris'®. ney, and finally before Newport, whea 
These proceedings excited great ap- Sir Charles Lucas was repulsed by the 
prehensions in the Parliament, who' Earl*', who left it in December, the 
determined to recover a spot, in Need- works being finished ^ ; and a solema 
ham's phrase ''geometrically situated thanksgiving was held in Cornhill 
for tlie defence of the associated coun- (Jan. IQ) for the safe return of the 
ties," and committed this affair to the Green and Orange regiments. The 
Earl of Essex, assisted by Skipn[>n, date of Sir Samuel's appointment as 
Harvey, Wilson, and Luke. The Governor of Newport Pagnell does 
troops halted at Dunstaple on Mon- not appear, but we soon find him act- 
day (October 30), and on the Satur- ing in his situation ; and Dec. 11, the 
day proceeded by way of Brickhill to sum of 1000/. a month was voted for 
Newport, whicn they entered in the the support of the garrison*^, 
evening, not without resistance. The Havmg provided for security at 
Governor does not appear to have neg- home, he commenced operations by 
lected his trust ; he forti Bed the town, attacking the neighbouring forts, 
and encouraged his soldiers by reports Gradon and Hillesdon were taken by 
of a disaffection among the tramed- storm '^, and a body of Royalists un* 

B "Several c&valierB cune into Bedfordshire, which county they have woefully plundered ; 
they have seized upon the towne of Newport-Pannel, jn tfie upper part of Buckingham- 
shire, which lieth between Bedford and Stony-Stretford, and have forced the inhabitants 
thereabouts to come in and intrench it, and they are drawing the water about it, the better 
to strengthen and fortifie it, their drift being to intercept all cattell and other provisions, 
that shall come out of the adjacent counties to London, hoping thereby to cut off all vio- 
tuall from this citty, and so to starve it, if they be not timely prevented and unnestled osit 
of that place." — Certain Informations, Oct. 80, 

The following paragraph is more curious : 

" Wee heare from Newport Pagnel in Buckinghamshire, that the Cavalliers make creat 
fortifications to keep awle her cood cattels and Welch runts and other provision, from 
oomins to London, and hy keeping out the &t beasts was make her have a verie leane citie. 

if her should stop awle passa^s, yet some of her sheeses liave a creat many leg (her 

will not say roaggotts) that will m deam^ of the CavaUiera carrie them up to London, 
with superscriptioni upon them to deliver them to her cousin sheese-monger.*'— Hbe 
Welch Mercuric, Nov. ;). Conf. Parliament Scout, No. 18. 

* Lysons's Beds. 

1* Certain Informations) Oct. SO. For an account of this gallant Cavalier, see vol. xci. 
ii. p. 136. 

^* Merc. Civxeus, Nov. 9. Clarendon's acconnt is rather improbable, and inconiistaat 
with the character of Sir L. Pives. 

'* Merc. Britt Nov. 9. Compleate Intelligencer, No. 14. 

W " Our Post brmgeth intelligence from Newport-Pagnel, that Serjeant-Major Skippon 
is made Master of the Workes there, and that the carpenters and pavioneers, are forti^ing 
the -towne very strongly, that as the water doth compasse the towne as it were, on two 
sides of it, so trenches from the said moate are dicged, with draw-bridges and sluces, to 
be compleated according to the Seijeant-Migor's directions, all which goeth forward very 
fast.'|— JCin^ome's Weekly Post, Nov. 15. From Merc. Britt. Not. 30, wtf learn thai 
« strict discmime," and « constant prayer," were enjojned by his Excellency. 

'* Merc. Aul. p. 710. 

^ Vicars' EngUnd's Worthies, edit. 1821, p. 9—21. The Court Journalist charges 
Sir Samuel with a share in the cruelties committed at Hillesdon- house, with some aggra- 
vating cimunstances.— Merc Aul March 9, 1643-4. But such statcuenu cauioc be 



1«B.] The Ceiuwr.—Fragmint$ of Ltmeoihlre. 81 

4er Sir John Forteacue, were surprised OUat (King*! phyriciBn)* Dr. Dilkn (Shett- 
U Wip* ; on the other hand, the Earl l«y) » Mr. Coirtet, Mr. Rogtr Haeket (North 
ofCl^ebiid mainlaiaed a station at Cr»wjert,Mr.JolmCrome(CiMeofUu^^ 
StoDfwStratford, defeated the rebels in ^ • ) ^r. Stiles, Edfr«d Bolsworth (Leigh- 
■At of Nr-jport, and repelled an at. '''i:^^::^^ ^,, ^ ^^j^^^^^^jy^^ 
^ »Pon Jiu own quarters, where. ^ ^^ p^^^f ^^ ^;^^^ ^^ 
hoirefcr, he did not long continue''. ^ ^ College or Hall in Oxford or Cam- 
In the mean time the King, who i,ridg«."*9 
had becD at Ajlesbury, passed through ff^ ^g contintied.) 
Smtford to Wobum, where he re- a 
fmdu** BedfonUhoose :" on his de- Mr. Urbaw, Liverpool, June 9. 
ptwe in July, Brown and Waller QINCE the publication of the 
Mowed him, with 200 of Sir Samuels j^ " FragmenU of Lancashire." 
falDoos, hut were foiled, owing to j^^^y^ additional matter and valuable 
kis nperionty in cavalry'*. A war- information having come to my hands, 
nnt issued about this time for pil- ^y t|,e liberal assistonce of many 
I^Dg the Rovalists, has fortunately friends, and having been solicited to 
reached us, and throws some light on continue my endeavours, I propose 
Ins official transactions s shortly to add a fourth Part to tliosc 

" By vwtue of a warrant from the Com- which have already appeared. 

■Ill I ■ for Seqaestration of Estates of De- But the more 1 investigate the sub- 

Biqnaau aod Papists to me directed, these jcct, the more deeply do I regret the 

■I to wUl and require yoiB to presenTwam- ^^nt of coadjutors in the collection 

itf to all tenanu, bailifles, and officers of ^ ^^j compilation of, a general Hi*. 

^aelmqiieBta and p^isu withm voar na- tory of Lancwhire. One Mn**^ al«>»e 

t:J^^ in ^tfi^iTrento ITthi has^ hitherto engaged the JTudies of a 

SSttettVl^lwport, at the Sarazen's Topographer of acknowledged worth *. 

Wad, «Km the 25 daVof this Instant AprU, i^ixty-seven more panshes remain un- 

W aineof the clocke in the mommg, to he noticed, or at least unfinished ; all of 

paU for the nse of the King and kingdome ; which, together with five places term- 

icqairiug yon to wame two or three able ed extra-parochial (viz. Old Laund 

■eaim yoor parish to appeare before the Booth, Rough Leef, Wheatly Car, 

said Committees at the place and time ap- Toxteth Park, and Croxteth Park), 

pointed to do snch farther service as they are highly deserving of most diligent 

shall be required unto. And your selves investigation: the two latter 1 sliall 

there, as you and they will answer it at your hereafter notice. 

^'rJ^^ ^VJt ^l «^ April, 1644. Tj^i3 ig no^ however, a task for one 

J'^ ^i^L^'Sr'u^'^^ ^^w ^ Topographer to undertake. It would 
fcy). Sir Robert Throckmorton (Weston- u^ * °« * .., .^ u^ve one for everv 
Underwood), Sir John DIgby, the Ladie ?f nec^ry to nave one tor every 
Digby (Gtkhurst). Sir Join Tyringham Hundred -1 had almost said for every 
(T^ham) . Si/ Thomas DayrcU (Lifling- Parish— to produce a History worthy of 
stooe-Dayren), the Ladie Farmar (Easton our County. There is much rich and 
Neston), Spencer Lucy, esq. (Haversham), valuable record connected vjith Lan- 
Tb.Longfield, esq. (LonguevilleofWolver- cashire, the greater part widely scat- 
ton?) Mr. James Digby, Dr. Newell, Dr. tered, and some locked up, which 



ffnd with too much distrust ; and the same writer esUmates the exaggeration of news in 
saother place, on a scale of 50 to 500: " the citizens (he observes) would be ill paid, if 
they had not something for their money,"—* fair test of his own veracity. 

^ Letters by which it is certified, &c. This pamphlet contuns only one paragraph re- 
latiag to Sir Samuel. — Conf. Parliament Scout, and Weekly Account, May 30. 
" Merc. Aul. p. 1063. 
** Weekly Account, June 25. Parliament Scout, July 1 1 . Butler nys— 

** Did they nnt swear at first to fight 

For the King's safety and his right ? 

And after raarchM to find him out. 

And charg'd him home, with horse and foot ?" — ^P. 9, ii. 1 59. 

** Merc. Aul. April 27. The list of delinquents, as printed in the diumals, u extremely 
cornipt ; a few of their residences are here supplied. 

• Rev. Dr. Whitaker's " Whalley." 

t Sen **¥ngtaeau of LMoeashin/' pp. 134, 1H5, and 143. 



9S B^gmmUiiawardM a Hiitwry.of.Lanoashire. [Jniyp 

would require decP care and research ^'^IHf^AS!*'' ISTSt 

to collect and authenticate. But tbu leis. i700,i34ii».t 

care and research would be amjply re- £, i. d, £. $. (L- 

warded by the discoveries to which it Liverpool 2436 3 11 - 2 11 1 

would give rise, and the interesting Manchestertl265 110-300- 

information which it would afford, Salford --19912 6 - 1 8 

not only to a Native partial to his Preston - - 14.9 11 4 - 2 13 4 

County, but to the Kingdom generally; Lancaster -120 9 5 - 215 4 

for the History of the County of Lan- Wigan -- 13184 - S 

caster is closely connected with the The whole County paid upon the Aa- 

histonr of the Country at large. I sessmcnt of li. in the pound, 12,94U. 

would haVe it commence from the 145. id. ; and there were several caya 

earliest authorities of the Roman wri- in the year. 

tersi and subsequently to the decline The comparison of these towna at- 

of the Roman power, during the reiens different times is curious. This state-- 

of the Norman, the Saxon, and lastly, ment speaks for itself, and requires nor 

the Endbh Monarchs, and during the comment 

contentions and after the union of the My desire is to be looked on as a 

Houses of York and Lancaster; its his- gatherer of materials, which will, I 

tory would throw great light upon that hope, be hereafler serviceable to the 

of the kingdom durinz those times, more finished Historian. I collect, and 

To those perusing the Hbtory of Lan- copy my materials as I find them. ^ If 

cashire since the Union with the Sis- my health is spared me (and I think 

ter Kingdom, I question not but that my pursuits help it), I shall in no 

the rise and progress of this Countv to way relax my endeavours 1 but hope 

the pre-eminent conseauence which it to be enabled, with that assistance 

at present holds, would appear more which (save in one solitary instance) 

rapid and astonishing than tnat of any has never been withheld, and has 

part of this country since Britain was a usually been tendered, to publish ano- 

Nation. If, then, the respective results ther volume, to commence with the 

of these several labourers in the vineyard Fourth Part, 

(for a vineyard it would be) were de- My attention will not be directed to 

edited in the Libraries of Lancaster, extracts from printed histories, or to 
iverpool Royal Institution, and Man- copies of other engravings ; but to ma- 
chester (Cheetham's), some Historian nuscripts and collections of unpublish- 
might then at length, from their united ed documents, from public and private 
efforts, compile a County History wor- evidences, as well as original paintingS^ 
thy of its name ; but until these pre- and drawings. The Coocher Book of 
vious preparations are made, the mind Furness Abbey is well worthy of an 
of almost every man must shrink from attentive perusal ; and unbounded re- 
such an Herculean labour. ^ sources ofinformation, hitherto unpub- 

A sort of revolution, or great relative Ushed, are to be found in the British 

change of property, has arisen in the Museum. 

different parts of the County, since I am glad to announce that the Jih 

Trade be^n to be encouraged, wc will quisiiiones post Mortem of Lancashire, 

say from the time of Elizabeth and her is Just ready for publication, in a large 

Successors (the Corporation of Liver- volume, under the direction of those 

pool in 1557> had a rental of 2/. \Os,gd, ; able gentlemen, Mr. Calcy, Keeper of 

m 1721, it was 1832/. U.Tc'; in 1821, the Records at the Chapter House, 

a rental of 72,000/. per annum). We Westminster, and Mr. Harper, of the 

find at that early time the various parts Duchy of Lancaster Office, which 

were rated as in the second column will, in upwards of 4000 articles, 

below ; and now to the County Rate, throw great light upon the History of 

under the new Act, as in the first co- our County, as well as on the Duchy 

lumn ^where Liverpool now stands at large §. M. Grbgson, F.S.A. 

pre-eminentlfy the first town in the t The- are the u.u»l Fifteenths. See 

County, and the second sea-port m «F„igmenu"p 19 

the united kingdom decidedly), in jllaDcheiter'wM not assessed at iu vi- 

1815, when this tax was first assessed Xyxe. ' U ought to be charged as much as 

l^ a rental of 1 i. in the pound, — Liverpool. 

§ See Mr. Harper's Report of the Re- 

* See " Fragments," p. 19. cords in the Duchy Office. 



1>SS-] Embalming among the Egfpiiair. 33 

EMBAcmiroAMOvoTHBEoTPTiAMt. rious trade descended from father to 

(Bvm ike Cla$n€al Journal) Mm as an herediury and sacred priW* 

THE E^yfHians, of all nations of lege; the embalmert were held in high 
antkpity, are most desenring of repute, conversed with the priesu, and 
eorattentioD. To this wise and inge- ^^^^ ^Y ^^<^in admitted into the inner 
Dions people, who made such advances P^rts of the temples. Embalming may 
ia arts and sciences, in commerce and "^^c been practised in Asia, but there 
legislaiion, succeeding nations have >? not any authoritv for this presump- 
bnu indebted for whatever institu- ^i^" ' i^ n>ay ^c inferred that the cus- 
tioDs civilize mankind and embellish ^^ prevailed among the Chaldeans, 
haaiaD life. The priesthood of this ^^ accoimt of the proximjty of their 
fcry religions people, to whom know- country to Egypt, and the similarity of 
Mge was exclusively confin^, being pursuits and doctrines ; an intercourK, 
wftnlly free from anxiety about secu- no doubt, subsisted between these two 
br matters, as they were provided for philosophical nations from the earliest 
bf the State', devoted themselves to ages. After the death of Alexander 
toe service of the community. Their ^l^c Great, the Egyptians and Chal- 
time was divided between the per- deans were ordered to dress the body 
feimance of their sacred duties and i** iheir own toay^ (Curt. lib. x. suD 
die improvement of the mind. Study ^n.) : but this event was many hun- 
wai their business % the good of the dred years after the times when Egypt 
people was their sole object ; and flourfiBhed under the Pharaohs. The 
whatever could contribute to the poll- washing and dressine of the body al- 
tical or moral welfare of their country, luded to by Greek and Roman wnten» 
^m pursued with a zeal worthy of was merely an external anplication fk 
iniuticm in Christian societies. It is unguents^, performed witn facility and 
not then snrprising that they made despatch, not for the purpose ot pre- 
mch amazing progress in ph^-sic and serving the corpse, but in honour of 
basbandry, in astronomy, magic, and the deceased. The ceremony among 
other occult sciences. And, though the Egyptians was sacred ancfsoLemny 
ike an of embahning, as practised by and the process tedious, intricate, and 
them, is now obsolete, and the medi- expensive. In the patriarchal history 
cated Iwbs which they used may not the Sacred Writer tells us, that forty 
now be ascertained, yet we may gather days were employed in preparing the 
from the custom what study aiid at- body of Jacob for seoulture. " And 
tention they employed in discovering Joseph commanded nis servants the 
the virtues of simples, though the physicians to embalm his father, and 
science of Medical Chemistry^ was the physicians embalmed Israel," &c. 
piebably nnknown at that early period. Gen. i. 2. And here it is to be ob- 
The art of embalming the dead was served, that the officers, called physic 
peculiar to the Egyptians; they alone cians^ did not profess //«• art of curing; 
knew the secret of preserving the body for physic (as it is now called) was not 
from decay. In tne Pentateuch we at that lime a professional pursuit; not 
find that, when Abraham and Isaac a word is said of physicians being call- 
died, they were simply buried; but ed in during Jacob's sickness. Be- 
Jacob, and afterwards Joseph, were sides, the Hebrew word is rendered in 
embalmed ; because these two pa- the Septuagint by Irra^iaerrui^ those 
triaichs died in Egypt. This myste- who prepared the body for burial. It 

' Diodorus tayt, that « third of the laads of each province belonged to the priesthood. 
(Lib. L p. 84, folio, Amster. 1745.) 

* The art of preparbg druet by nre for curative purposes is attributed to the Arabs. 

' JEgypti Chaldaique jnssi corpus iuo wore cunre— ^einde purgavere corpus; reple- 
tanique est odorlbus. — I know no other passage indicative of such a custom among the 
Asiatics. It does not appear that Plutarch or Arrian mention this ceremony; Curtius, 
therefore, may have been misinformed. Cyrus in Xenophon commands his body to ba 
eoounitted to the earth from wheuce it came (o^co^Xovj, and in this he doubtless con* 
finaed to the custom of his country. 

* Connuqne Uwant frigentis et ungmU. Vireil. ITiprrriXXiiv rix^y — Kai «arOcyov#«r 
X«fviv t^ «tfimx«i». Eurip. Medea, 1036. The body of Christ was anointed with myrrli 
sadaloea, and wrspt in linen clothes. John> ch. xiz. ver. 39, 40. 

Gairr. Mio. jJiy, I8i3. \ 



34 EmMming tmeng the Egyptians. [Jnlf* 

is true the author of the Pentateuch enlightened hy the rays of rational 

does not particularise this ceremony, philosophy through the mists of error 

hut Herodotus and Diodorus are clear and su|)erstition, tliey looked forward 

and diffuse in every thing relaiive to to a future state, as a reward for the 

this interesting country^. virtuous, and a punishment for the 

The Ep^ptians believed that the damned. The Egyptinns, on the con* 

soul was immortal, or rather, that it trary, were more solicitous to preserre 

was eternal t they imagined that it riot the material part from putrefaction and 

only was not subject to death, but that injury, conceiving that the soul was 

it had existed from all eternity, having inseparable from its body so Ions as 

neitherbeginningnorend;theythou|^ht the latter was free from corruption. 

that as it was immaterial, it was in? Inspired by this superstition, they stu<> 

create, and as it was increate, that it , died and put in practice every means 

was a part of the divine spirit, divina ' of preservmg the human frame: they 

pqrticula aura, and co-existent with applied to the study of natural histoiT 

that Being, from whom it emanated^, to discover the virtues of simples, and 

In order to substantiate this doctrine, provided buildings of the greatest mag- 

they asserted that the soul had been in nitude and durability as depositories 

a sute of pre-existence, and at the dis- for the dead, which still remain the 

solution of the outward man, it passed most stupendous monuments of human 

into various states ; and after a circuit labour in the world. That the pyra* 

of three thousand years, (Herod. 1. ii. mids were built as sepulchres for the 

c. 123) it returned to re-animate a hu- Kinjgs^^^, there appears no reason to 

man body. I^thagoras first transplants doubt ; this is fully testified by modem 

ed this dogma from Egypt iuto Greece, travellers. Besides, Diodorus says ey« 

and, though no works of that philoso- pressly, that Chemmis and Cephron 

pher are now extant, yet we may §^- constructed them for this purpose*!. 

ther from later writers the essential The principal care of the Egyptians 

tenets of the Pythagorean sect^. Plato, was turned to the presen'ing the dead ; 

after the death of Socrates, inculcatecl they looked upon their houses as tern- 

the same principle, in order to vali* porary dwellings, but to their ceme* 

date the primary tenet of the Socratic teries they gave the name of the £/er- 

school, tne immortality of the soul", nal Mansions. (Diod. 1. i. p. (>0.) 

Virgil has shown himself very sedu- Among the three modes of embalm- 

lous in propagating the same doctrine ins, that adopted by the rich was very 

among the Romans. (Geog. iv. 220-7 $ tedious in its process, and expensive in 

£n. vi. 7^0.) These two nations its preparation. As soon as a nuin of 

were of .opinion, that death separated any consideratioh died, the relations of 

the soul from the body^; they were, the deceased, after the most violent 

therefore, no longer concerned about expressions of grief, sent for the em- 

the perishable part of man ; and being balmer, who carried away the corpse. 



^ Herod, lib. ii. c. 86, 87. — ^Diodor. lib. i. p. 103. 

* Hnmanas animas, er divinS, mente deoerptus, com alio nuUo nisi cum ipso Deo 
pumri possit. Cic. Tutc. 6. n. 38. <<God breathed into hit noetrils the breath of t^^ 
ud man became a living soul" Gen. ii. 7. 

7 Morte carent anima ; semperqne priore relicts 

Sede, novis domiboi vivunt hmbitsntqne receptee.— Ovid. Sermo Pythag. 
Addison Spect. No. 343. 

a TltBfTct Tori KM 9w hcifMiCtrm rat (mi iiv AxXnXtf, vov *m cvoicr ««oCoX«i mi «mni 
/Kir«C«XXo/Mnrdt. Plato sab fin. Timaei. 

9 At cum frigida mors anima teduxerit artut. Virg. 

Ov/cAOv inn /xtXttn Zvfoi io/ukot Al^f tint. Hom. 
'Einildor (n ^vx^i) rev wmfAmrot 3i%a ymtrkt, Xenoph. 

W It it remarkable that Homer does not mention the pyramidt, although he cclebratas 
Thabet and iti hundred gates, and firequently alludes to Egypt. This it a presumption that 
they were built a little before or after the age in which this poet flourished. Diodoma in- 
tens vMf that these extraordinary works were built a thousand years before his time ; this 
^giaaa vsty nearly with the age of Homer. 

B may s wot&t peeum^toiiosa ac sluUa otteilafia, an nore iikmtdfiohth than the coe- 
daet wliieli ha eoedsmas ; for the motira of bniMiag thasa aBonnoBt works was polttkial 
• M$ iM at nfigkm. 



IttSJ 



EmbaimiMg dmtmg ike Egffptiam. 



95 



Tbe finl part of ths opeimtion was, to 
oinct the brains through the nostrils 
»tib a crooked iostruoieot of iron ; for 
the more ready performance of which 
the wiedium septum of the nose was 
cot away ; the vacuities were then fill- 
ed Dp with perfumes and aromatic 
compoiitJons. After this, the body 
wa« u|ieiied with much ceremony. For 
thli purpose the priest made a mark 
00 toe left side, just above the hip, to 
fooir boT/ far the incision was to be 
made. A particular otHcer made an 
opening with a very sharp Elhiopian 
stooeK As soon as the people saw 
thisy they pelted him with stones, and 
panned him with maledictions ; for 
the Egyptians looked with abhorrence 
vpon any one who offered violence to 
a human body either dead or alive. 
The embalmer then inserted his hand, 
and drew out all the viscera except the 
bctft and kidney, while the boweb 
wfie washed with odours. (Diod. p. 
102.) The entrails were not restored 
to the abdomen, but from a religious 
modve they were thrown into the 
Nile^. (Plut. vol. ii. p. 169, ^olio, 
I^ris, l624.) Afterwards, the belly 
wss filled with cinnamon, myrrh, and 
other odoriferous drugs^; and then 
the orifice of the wound was closed. 
The body outwardly was anointed 
with the oil of cedars and other pre- 
lervativcs for 30 days. This leiigtn of 
time was necessary to administer the 
preparations for drying it and prevent- 
inz its putrefaction. At the expiration 
of thb term, the corpse was again 
washed, and wrapped up in many lolds 
of linen, |)ainted with sacred charac- 
ters, and seasoned with gums and 
other glutinous matter. This renders 
the cloth so durable, that it has pre- 
served its consistence even to the pre- 
sent day, as many of the specimens, 
lately exhibited in this country, fully 



testify. These swathes of cere-cloth 
were so manifold, that there are iel-> 
dom less than a thousand yards of fil- 
leting about one bodyi and so inge- 
niously were the wrappinn managed, 
that the lineaments of the deceased 
were easily discernible, even though 
the face was covered with a kind of 
mask fitted with mastic. On the 
breast was spread a broader piece of 
cere-cloih, on which was inscribed 
some memorable sentiment; but, for 
the most part, having the figure of a 
woman with expanded arms. The 
embalmer having done his duty, the 
mummy 1^ was sent back to the kin- 
dred ot the defunct, whojleposited it 
in a wooden coffin, made of a sjiecies 
of sycamore, called in K^pt Pharaoh* i 
Jig-tree. Some few cofhns have been 
found of solid stone i a miniature mo- 
del of one in marble was to be seen at 
Belzuni's exhibition, from which he 
says the bo^y had been taken ^. The 
top of the wooden coffin or mummy- 
chest was carved in the shape of a 
woman's head, the face being richly 
painted; the rest of the trunk was 
adorned with hieroglyphics, and the 
lower end was broad and fiat like a 
pedestal, on which the coffin was 
placed erect in the place designed for 
Its reception. The body of Joseph 
was put in a cofiin. Gen. ch. I. v. iQ. 
The corpse was lastly conveyed down 
the Nile to its final destination, in a 
vessel called Baris^, The mode just 
described was the most expensive, and 
adopted by the rich only ; those, how- 
ever, who were unable or unwilling to 
go to bO great an expense, had recourse 
to a more simple process. 

A quantity of cedar-oil and aromatic 
liquors was injected, by means of a sy- 
ringe, into the body at the anus ; after 
this it was laid in nitre for seventy 
days, when the pipe was withdrawn. 



B Probably the same kind of stone used in cireumcUion. Exod. ch. iv. v. 25. 

B Mr. Beuoai assures us, that the vsscs or urns exhibited in London contained tha 
bowels of mummies ; but it is more probable that they are the reconditories of the ibis, or 
other sacred animals. 

*Av6^orrms 9« rapt^^tuomt, d«vrov(ri ly Ipy^ci ^njcn^i. Herod. 

^ The spicM, which the Ithroaelituh merchants were carrying into Egypt when Joseph 
«aa sold, were no doubt designed fur embalmmg. Gen. oh. xxxvii. v. 95. 

tt Momia or Mumia, quasi Anumia^ i. e. cadaver amomo conditum : Vossius. For th« 
jjmmnus, brought fi'om Syria, was a principal ingredieDC in the medicaments ; it was mixed 
with tpices to make that ointment with which the body was seasoned. 

■ The ostacombs were ransacked by the Persians on the invasion of Egypt by Cam- 
byset, son of the great Cyrus. Herodotus sUtes, that this infuriate prince ordered the 
body oi Amaswy the late king, to be notombed and burnt. Lib. iii. c. \6. 

J? Bafif, tmtf^gemis, Sukkt: beace is probsbly derived our EngVish woidUtr, 



rak 



36 Ring wUh o MiniatufM of Kmg Charlei L ['^t 

and the oil, running out, carried with Mr. Urbaw, ApnifK^ 

it the paunch and cntiails, while the « sej^^ ^y^^ description of a 

nitre consumed the flesh, leaving no- | curious ring, which 1 think wiU 

thing but skin and bones. y^^ acceptable to many of your readen. 

The bodies of the poorer people j y^^y^^^^ j^ j^ unique, "^but shouU 




lo consume iiie luic^unes. jl iiev were ^y^^^^ j^^^^- .^ ^^^^^^^ precisely 
afterwards wrapt up m bundles of ^, i- » • i «. • - 
reed, or branclies of the i>alni.tree. The ring, which is made of thin 
(Herod, lib. ii. c. 8?.) The same care P" re gold, and has four diamonds set 
was bestowed on llic sacred animals, o" ^^« ^<>P» ^"^^ "«^ f ^"^ «16*^' *P- 
such as the ibis, the dog. the cat, the P^V particularly worthy of notice ; on 
ape, the scarabaeus, the sheep, and in ? ^»««r inspection, however, an open- 
sbTne parts, the crocodile", U more '"g, » perceptible m the raised part, 
efpeciiUy, on the sacred apis, or ox, ^".^ P^ lifting it up a very beauufal 
whose festivals were celebrated with miniature of the head of King Charles 
great solemnity and rejoicings. ^^« First, enamelled on a turquoise, pre- 
What raiUefy have this superstitious «f "^ >^^^^- ^j^ V'^? ""^ ^"^ painting 
people been exposed to from their sot- i^^^^ not exceed the fourth part of an 
tish\enerationlforirrational creatures! »n<^^ J the execution is particularly 
Herodotus. Diodorus, and iElian, are fin^.and the likeness excessively faith- 
consentient in their ridicule of this T' ^^»^TH" P^FJ.^^ *'** Majesty s 




the flames, than to save his wife, his T^^*^^ .l\^ ^^'^ .»« suspended, is 

children, or property. (Herod. 1. ii. discernible , on closing the ring, Oie 

c. 66.) So infatuated were they, that R"""^^** ^P™" "^'^^^l ^»f J^*" 

mothers accounted it a blessing (oh, ^^"""^^ miniatures of Charles the First 

horror !) for their children to be de- *^« "^t uncommon, this is peculiarly 

vo«red by the ravenous crocodile, valuable from the portrait being coii- 

they gloried that their offspring be- ^^^'7' «"^ ^^^ ^^}^ *H .T^'"^ t^^ 

came food to that fierce creature, posed to be the iwaZ/w/ of him which 

(^lian. de Nat. Animal. 1. 10, c. 21. i " "^3"^' ^^ ^ . u • 

Nay, more, in the extremities of fa- There can be no doubt that it wat 

mine it is said that this deluded pco- ^®'" ^X * "^oyil'st. when it was dan- 

pie would rather eat one another, than «^;?"^ ^ avow the attachment with 

fay violent hands on these disgusting ^^*S'' ™Vy «^ Charlws adherenti 

objects of worship. (Diod. lib. i. p. <^nerished the memory of their unfor- 

93.) Juvenal exposes these enormi- ^"^^ sovereign, llelics of this kind 

ties in nervous and eloquent language : »!^ conseerate<l by much higher asso- 

"Quis ne.c.t, Volusi BiOiynice, qudia de- f»*'*°"» ^**«" ^'*^=f^ ^»>^ ""^^ C'^*"^ O^ 

ujgi,, ' ^ time bestows on them : and even were 

^^rptttiportentecolst? CneodOm %AonX ^^*=y not sulHciently old to excite the 

Ftes h«c; alU pavet satunun serpentibus notice of the antiquary, they are well 

U'im, deserving of attention from their ex- 
Effigies lacrt nitet aurea cercopithea, hibiting a memorial of feelings, which 
Diimdio mogicae resonant ubi Memnone must ever command respect and admi- 

chordse, [tit. ration. Loyalty, like friendship, can 

AtquA vetut Thebe centum jacet obruu por- only be tried by adversity ; and a mere 

Illio emrukos, hie piscem fluroinu, iUic trifle becomes valuable when it enables 

Oppidatota canm venenunur ; nemo Dia- us more justly to appreciate the real 

nam. ... ^. t««- sentiments of men who sacrificed their 

Porruinetc^nefMviolareetf^^ fortunes to their principles. The ring, 

'^rtlT ' ^ "^ "" ^^''^^ » ^he subject *of this article, 

NumiDa*/..aiiaf»amimi/i;iiiabttinet omnia P«T>etuates the faithful devotion of 

Menaa. Ne^ illic foetum Jugulare capellx : ®"^ of Charles s adherents much more 

Camibus humanis vesci licet!'* forcibly than the pen of the biocra- 

Juv. Sat. XV. 1-13. pher, since it is evident that neitner 

^ C. H. the death of the master, nor the hope- 






9»^9W9vfi. Herod. Omnt fere genu* bestianun iEgyptu contactixuia. CVc, ^ ^iJu. \u. M . 



INS.] Ring with a Bfiniaiure of King Charla L 37 

ksmesi of his cause, had extinguished ably settled upon their ancient bot- 
•^ atuchment. It may be naturally toms." This account of Colonel Gif- 



eipcctffdy that the life ot the man who fard will be concluded in the words 
thns ingeniously secreted the sem- of his friend and biographer above 
UsDce of features, which in all pro- quoted : | — "He was a gentleman of 
bsbility were as firmly impresseu on a very grave and comely aspect, of an 
bii heart, must have manifested many obliging carriage, of a sober life, and 
proo&of zeal in the royal service, and a pious conversation; such was his 
It b therefore presumed, that the fol- deportment towards men in all his ao- 
lowipg brief memoir of him, with an tions, as if he were conscious the eye 
aeoooDt of the manner in which this of God was upon him ; and such his 
manento of loyalty has passed to its behaviour towards God, in the in- 
present possessor, will not be deemed stances of devotion and religion, as if 
ai inappropriate addition to these par- he thousht he was a spectacle to an- 
ticolars.^ _ fi;els and to men. Insomuch his so- 
Tlie ring is supposed to have origi- oriety and piety brought great reputa- 
mlly belonged to John Giffard, of tion to the royal cause in those parts 
Bri^tley, in Devon, Esq. the repre- where he lived, and he was an excel- 
KDtative of an ancient and highly lent ornament to his profession, both 
rapectable family, which had been as a subject and a christian.*' Col. 
sated there for many generations, and Giffard died in 1666, leaving several 
were allied to the best houses in that children § by Joan, his wife, the 
county; amonsst others to those of youngest daughter of Sir John Wynd- 
GreDrille, Earle, Coriton, and Leigh, nam, of Orchard, in Somersetshire, 
He was bom at Brightley about the ancestor of the Earl of Egrcmont. Her 
jar 1600,* and to use the words of brother. Sir John Wyndham, Knt. 
nil Biographer, t *< having had a vir- married the sister of Ralph Lord Hop- 
tnooi and liberal education, he be- ton, who distinguished himself in the 
cuoe a Tery accomplished gentleman." command of the royal army at . the 
la the civil wars he adhered zealously battle of Stratton, in Cornwall. The 
nd coottanUy to the King, was ap- loyalty of the Wjrndham family is well 
pointed a Colonel in his army, and known from the emphatic admonition 
afibrded his utmost aid to his service, of Sir Thomas Wyndham, a cousin of 
Darintf the Commonwealth Colonel Mrs. Giffard*s, to his son, <*not to 
Gi&na suffered severely both in his desert the crown though it hung upon 
person and property, having been " de- a bush.*' || 

cimated, sequestrated, and imprison- On the death of Colonel Giffard, 

cd,'* and was obliged to pay £.1136 the ring containing the picture of 

ai a composition for his estates. He King Charles was, it was confidently 

coQtinuea to be persecuted and op- supposed, given to his daughter Mar- 

prcKed until the Restoration, when, garet, who just before her father's 

uke too many other royalists, "the demise, married John Keigwin, of 

greatest part of the recompense he had Mousehole, in Cornwall, Esq. The 

for all his losses, was the satisfaction Keigwin family were also zealous loy- 

of seeing both church and state peace* alists, and one of them, who com'« 

* Prince, is the *< Worthies of Devon," sajt, ha was bora in 1594, bat the Heralds' 
Viiitation cf that county in 1690, calls him 18 jears old in that year. 

t Prince. X Prince. 

I John Gifiard, Esq. the late Accountant General of Ireland, of whom there is aa 
inteiestii^ memoir in the Gent. Mag. for 1819, part I. p. 481, was descended from the 
tidest son of Colonel Giffard. He died in 1819, learing two sons, the eldest of which 
■ tlie present Chief Justice of Ceylon, who is the representative of this ancient family. 
The second son, Stanley Lees Gimrd, Esq. is a member of the Honourable Society of tne 
^fiddle Temble. 

D ArthoT Gi£hrd, the youngest brother of Colonel Giffard, was also a severe sufferer in 
die royal cause ; he was Rector of Biddefbrd, in Devon, to which he was presented by his 
luasona, GranvUle, Earl of Bath, but soon after the death of the King, he was ejected 
fieas hb living, when he took shelter under the roof of Philip Harris, Esq. Recorder of 
Gnat Torrincton, who married his sister. On the return of Charles II. Mr. Giffi^rd waa 
imnesJ to his benefice, shortly after which be died without issue, and is W\«d. m X.^ 
OsMsI oT BidddM Cbarcb. 



38 Prodigioui !—FaU of Si. Marj/^U-Bm Tower, 1970. [Jidf, 

manded a small vessel in the king's mory of the oldest member of the 

service, is designated in a dispatch from family, it has always been calM 

the Parliamentary forces in Cornwall. •• King Charles's ring. X. 

** as a notable active knave against the ^ 

Parliament/* Mrs. Keigwin survived «, -. ^ , __ 

her husband many years, by whom she ^y* ^ "b^n, Manckesier, May I. 

had a large family, and at her death, I T will not be considered as greatly 

in 1739, bequeathed her jewels and ^ lessening the fame of so volumN 

trinkets to her youngest son, the Rev. nous and excellent a writer as the 

John Keigwin, Clerk, who married author of *• Guy Mannering,** to have 

Prudence, the sister and heiress of detected him in one instance of pU« 

William Busvargus, of Busvargus, in giarism. 

Cornwall, Esq. ♦ and by her left two It occurs in the character of Do- 
daughters ancl coheirs. Miss Busvar- minic Sam)>son, who frequently uses 
ffus, however, married to her first hus- the exclamation ** protUgious !** 
band, the Kev. Jonathan Toup, Clerk, That highly-esteemed novel having 
and was by him the mother of the been dramatised, and the expression 
learned Jonathan Toup, Clerk, the having become of frequent occurrence 
Editor of Longinus, Emendationes in in common conversation, it appears to 
Suidam, &c. f As Mr. Keigwin, be proper to give the merit of it to 
who died in 1761, appointed his wi- Congreve, who had emplojred it in 
dow his sole executrix, therins passed exactly a similar sense in two of hit 
to her, and she dying in 1773, left her plays, viz. in "The Old Batchelor^" 
son by her first marriage, Mr. Toup, and in " The Double Dealer,*' long 
her executor, when that gentleman before the publication of " Guy Man* 
became possessed of it. Mr. Toup nering.*' M. Ward, M.D. 
died unmarried in 1785, and by his A 
will entailed the estates of his mother's Mr Urban M s 
family on the issue of his nieces, the w^ur? 'j * n . • ,t^ ^w 
three daughters and coheirs of Anne, T5.?xr''''**'"if""i^ ^^ VwP" 
his half sister, the youngest daughter *J^i^^ happened in the 55 Henrylll. 
nf hi» ffltliPr-in-law .I,.hn Kpi^in O*?©), and IS, With the circumstsDeet 



Cornwall, Esq. Major of the Royal correct transcript ot the record, and m^ 
Cornwall Fencible Cavalry 1 and being °« acceptable to some of your readenL 
likewise the executrix to her uncle By this it appeals that the stone, and 
Mr. Toup, inherited the ring, but other materials of the Bell Tower, v». 
dying sine prole in 1799, « went to '".«* .^' ^l "SF^*' ^**'«*] *>f»mc for- 
her husband, who died in 181^ like- **^"«* ^? the King as a deodand, were 
wise without issue, and by bis will ^^^^ «>y "« m to the Prior and Cou- 
bequeathed the ring to his nephew, ^"^^ ^^ '*»« Church of Christ at Can- 
John Toup Nicholas, Esq. a Captain terbury. 

of the Navy, and Companion of the " Accidit die m'our' jproKima sate fssfii 

Order of the Bath, on whom also, as **"'* *>*• ^•'*- 9i*^ <?*« m Joh'nei de Qym- 

the eldest son of the only one of Mr. g^. ^!^ ^,\^^'^}^' ^^.^'^^ *' 

Toup's three nieces before mentioned, Z^T^ 1? "SS n??^ «?*.?**"; J?^"* 

"iL^^I^Tntl^i^J,"^^^^^^ S:!r>^.^^^^^ 

estates are entailed, and who is the .. ^ iSmtyn^ud. Joh'oe. !• pSJ^ 

«^t.great-great-grandson of Colonel ^^ ^ VymJeTAndr' de SuthweA. An^. 

Giflard. the original owner of the ring dre» que fuit vx* Joh'ni. de Albemton. ou- 

in question. p'tii faenrnt campanario ecc'ie so*! M^ 

It is proper to add that, in the me- de Arcub*. London' qua cecidit sup' ip'oa. 

* The ftinily of Botvugus were originany called Lethon, but on purchwing the astale' 
of Bosvsrsus in the early ran of the reign of £Iizabeth, they auumed that name. As w 
pioof of the manner in wnich the old Comiah fiunilies intermarried with each other H m 
worth remarking, that for six generations the Busvargus famiW married within thirty milee 
of their own house, and generally within ten miles : it is equally curious, that the maniein' 
portiona of each wife never, in tfie whcde of that period, varied mon than bdL 

t For a memoir of this eminent scholar, see Gent. Mag. for 1786, p, I85. 

Prettum 



180.] 



Buckmghmn Pamted Window. ^County Courts. 



n 
tu 



FMuB CkapoMrii xx m*rc' Tode vie' r*. 
Qnit Tiea*. ven. p*t' Steph'm de Conihill 
ec ivt attach' p' Anketum de Ventnll* & 
Rab^B de Camule J'o in ra'ia. & non ma- 
W. Nnlliit ind« nalecY. Jud'im. Infnr- 
twiiM £t sop* hoe Tenenint p'fati Tice- 
cii mlt e e Sc prolntint bre* Du'i Regis in hec 
v*W. H. del gr'a Ticeeomitib* suis Lon- 
4aa taTm. Cum nup' p' infortunatani op- 
p W Mie uaui Tiror' & mnlierum que p* mi- 
MB Cmpenarii ecc'le beate Mar*, de Ar- 
cab' & cwd'm domnt Prior Ik ConTent*. 
•ecTie z'pi Cantnar*. nup* accidit in Vico 
k VITcBchep petram naeremiu' & plumbum 
li om'ia alia eiii9d*m domvi tanq'm d*do 
ecpTtis in mana* n*imro, nos, eisd m Priori 
It Ceaventoi' gr'am &eer* Tolentet ad p'sena 
Mmm & coDcessim' eisd'm petram mae- 
maiam phunbom & o*a alia eiuad*m dom* 
fK d'ca oeasione cepistia in manum n'nm 
k gr*a n'ra apeciali. £t i*o vobi' roandam* 
V^ ciad'm Priori & Conventui petram 
ium plambu' & omia alia d'te Dom*. 
n'ram citpta occ'one p'd'ca resti- 
de dooo n*ro. T. meip*o apud 
k*. aij die Mart*, .anno R. n*. quin- 
q'nto.*' 

I shall be obliged to any of your 
Correspondents who will refer me to 
a work on the French Monasteries, 
or affi>rd me information respecting 
the Abbey of St. Lamber of Letiens. 
This Abbey was founded before 1 145, 
and a Deed in 1211 from the Abbot 
and Chapter of that Monastery is 
dated at Aih : I therefore {)resume 
that the House was situate in or near 
that town. In Cave's Chartophylax 
Hcclesiasticiis, p. 147, an Abbey at 
Lartkns is mentioned, but within 
what jurisdiction does not appear. 

Yoars, &c. St. Newman. 

Mr. Urbam, July 12. 

IN Part I. page l63, you mention the 
magnificent present of the Duke of 
Buckingham to the Church of Buck- 
iogham, without naming the Artist, 
Mr. W. R. Eginton., of Birmingham. 
The work having received the highest 
eolqgiums from all that have seen it, 
I think yoii will agree with me, that 
hU, Egin ton's name should be record- 
ed with your account of this splendid 
window, on which is painted the fol- 
lowing inscription : 

<*Thb Fainted Window was presented to 
^ Church of the Borough and Parish of 
Bactingfaam, by the Moat High, Mighty, 
mi Moat Noble Prince Richard Duke of 
i and Chandoa, Marquia of Chan- 
Eari Temple of Stowe, m the 
of Buckingham, in the United 
of Grm$ MnitJa sad Irekod, 
JEsri TnapU, and 



39 

Viscount and Baron Cobham m Great Bri- 
tain, Earl Nugent in IreUnd, Knight of 
the Most NoUe the Order of the Garter, 
Lord Lieutenant and Cnstoa Rotuloram of 
the County of Buckingham, of hia Majes- 
ty's Moat Honourable Privy Council, and 
Colonel of the Militia and Yeomanry Foroet' 
of the said County, as a token or hia af- 
fection and regard for the Borough and ita 
Inhabitants. Anno Salutis 1822. 
Yours, &c. An Old Subscriber. 

Mr. Urban, June 4. 

THE County CourU arc of a very 
ancient origin ; and, considering 
that they are (generally speaking) the 
only Courts we have for the recovery 
of Debts under 40*. and such as the 
poorer class chiefly resort to, ought 
to dispense justice at a light expence, 
and suitable to the condition of the 
suitors. On the contrary, they are ex- 
pensive Courts ; frequent instances oc- 
cur where a person is summoned for 
payment of a shilling; it may happen 
that the money has been paid i ana the 
party summoned knowing it, but ig* 
norant that the Court will require fur- 
ther proof than his own, attends the 
summons; if the matter is settled here 
the costs incurred are, I believe, five 
shillings and four pence. They may 
almost he styled Conrts where strict 
justice cannot be had ; if a man swears 
that I owe him a sum of money, al- 
though I may never before have seen 
him, this is sufficient to entitle him to 
a verdict, whatever I may swear to the 
contrary; and indeed, an officer of one 
of the Courts confessed to me, that 
nothing but a receipt would discharge 
you from the debt ; a receipt, you will 
say, when I never owed the debt ! 

It has always been considered, that 
to entitle a Plaintiff to sue in the 
County Courts, he must reduce his 
debt to somewhat less than 40*. and 
is precluded from recovering more; 
but by the j^resent system, I am told, 
that a Plaintiff may narass his debtor 
for 100/. by summoning him first for 
Sgs. llfrf. and then for atfhuch more, 
bein^ remainder of the debt, and so 
" toties quoties" in like manner, until 
the 100/. is paid. This is, I conceive, 
the very contrary of justice. I could 
wish tnat Mr. Brougham, who has 
already succeeded in preventing the 
poor from being robbed of their chari- 
ties, would take the trouble, as he ha« 
fbc power, to institute an \t\<^VL\T^ \ti\d 
the practice and fees oC tVi« Va^^TxtK 
Cooits, 3. K. 



i,£^ 



40 



Ben'et College, Ombridgt. 



dab 



Corpus Christi Collboi, Cambridoi. 

rilHE Mremony of Uyiug the fint none 
JL ofdieiieirbuUdiDEf atCor|n»Chritci 
College took pbce on %'e<ineMlay, the 8<1 
of July. The day wts aiupiciotttly fine, 
and the erraogeineDts which had been made 
ware to judicious and complete> that nothing 
wai wanting to give due effect to a acene, 
nodered the more interesting from the nr 
rity of its occurrence, and the prospect 
which it opens of increasing the splendour 
of the public edifices in this celebrated seat 
of learninc and science. 

The Members of the UniversitY, in full 
academical costame, assembled in the Senate 
House, and formed themselves into the fol- 
lowing Order of Prooesaion : 

Yeoman Bedell. 

Esquire Bedells. 

The Vice-Chancellor, in his robes. 

High-Steward of the University. 

Conmiissary of the University. 

Noblemen in their robes, two and two. 

Heads of Colleges, in robes, two and two. « 

Doctors iu Divinity, in robes, two and two. 

Doctors in Law and Physic, two and two. 

Public Orator. 

Professors of the University. 

Assessor to the Vice-ChanceUor. 

Proctors, in their congrecstion hid>its. 

Public Registrar and Public Librarians. 

Taacors, Scrutators, and other Officers. 

Bachelors in Divinity and Civil Law, and 

Masters of Arts, two and two. 

Bachelors of Arts. 

Fellow Commoners. 

Undergraduates. 

The procession, thus arranged, moved on 
towards the site of the new buildings, where 
they were received by the Master and Fel- 
lows. The Rev. Thomas Shelford, M.A. 
Tutor of the college, then delivered a Latin 
oration, at once ^>propriate to the occasion, 
expressive of gratitude towards those bene- 
factors by whose munificent liberality they 
were enabled to perform this ereat work, 
and complimentary to the noble High Stew- 
ard and nis illustrious ancestors, several of 
whom had been members of the college. 

The upper part of the foundation stone 
being then raised, the Master (the Rev. 
John Lamb, B. D.) presented the gold, 
silver, and copper coins of the present reign, 
to the High Steward, who placed them in 
a cavity prepared to receive them; his 
Lordship naving previously expressed, in 
elegant and forcible terms, his deep sense 
of the honour conferred up<m him, in being 
requested to perform this pleasing service 
for a Society, towards whom he felt the 
hiffhest esteem. 

The two parts of the foundation stone 
were then dovetailed together, and the whole 
having been raised to a proper elevation, the 
arohiteet (William Wilkins, £sq.) handed a 



silver trowel to the High Stemwdy vho ao- 
ooidingly spread the mortar^ after whidi ih* 
stone was lowered to its placet when hia 
Lordship concluded that part of the c«t* 
mony by striking it with a mallet aad epplf- 
inethe level and square. 

The foundation being thus laid inth tba 
accustomed formalities, the Rev. the MaaiR 
of tlie College offered an appropriate praier. 

The anthem Praise the Laird j OJenuaitm^ 
wu afterwards sung by the university ohoib 
The Vice-ChanceUor then pronounced a be- 
nediction, and the procession removed ina^ 
the ground. 

Alter the Vice-Chancellor's bcne^ctioB» 
the workmen gave three cheera» in whkh 
the spectators joined. 

The inscription on the plate which mr 
closed the cavity wherein the coins wm» 
deposited, was as follows : — 

QTAS * PECVNIAfl 

CVSTODI * BT ■ SOCIIS 

COLLBOI I * CORPORIS * CHRUTI * IT * BBBTCr 

VIROIlflS * MARIA 

IN - ACADBMIA ' CANTAMIOIBIIII 

AITNOVAr ET' AMPI40RES*ADES*EXTRVB«IMB 

MVNIFICE * TESTA MENTO * LEOAVBRVirr 

RKVERENDI8S1MV8 * IN * CHRI8TO * PATIR 

THOMAS ' HERRIJfO 

ARCHIBPISCOPV8 ' CANTVARIBITBIS 

MECNON * PATRES ■ ADMODVM * RBVRRB1CDI 

BJVSDBM * COLLEOIl ■ GLIM * CTITODBS 
MATTHIAS * MAW80N * EPISCOPVS * ILIBMIf 

ET 

JOANNES * GREEN * EPISCOPVS * LINCOUntNUi 

EAR VM*INCREMENTO*QV VM* TALIS 'TANDni- 

CONPECTA * SIT * SVMMA 

QVALIS * AD * TANTVM * COIISILITM 

BXBQVENDUM ' SVPPBTAT 

HOC * LAPIDB * P08IT0 

GPBRIS * INITIVM ' FECIT 

▼ IR * NOBILISSIMYS 

PHILIPPVS * COMES • J>B * UAROWICKB 

ORDINIS ■ PERISCELIDIS * BQVBS 

S VMM VS JIVJ VSCE * ACADEMIC* SENBfCIULLTB 

DIE * 8ECVNDG ' JVLIl 

ANNO * SALVTI8 * M.DCCC.XXIll. 

PAXIT * DEVS * OPTIMVS * MAXIMVS 

VT ■ HOC ■ DIV ' 8PERATTM * OPUB 

NVNC - TANDEM * 8V8CBPTVM 

RELIOIONI 

BONIS * MGR1BV8 

PR&STANTIBVS * GMNIBVt * ARTIBTS • AC 

DISCIPLINI8 

FEL1CITER * BVBNIAT. 

The site where this intereating c e r e w o ay ' 
took place was admirablY arranged Ibr tiM 
accommodation of the Universityy and of ■ 
the numerous assemblage of ladies who war 
livened the gratifying scene by their gBM«. 
and beanty. Indeed so intense wbb ^Sbm 
anxiety dbplayed bv thousands to Titv th» 
proce«lings, that the streets ware orovdad* 
and the windows and tope of the hovaBB 
and adjacent buildings were covered with 
spectators. ••• 

REVIEW. 



vn.1 [ 41 ] 

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



I. Jrekmoiegia, or MitcelUawDUt TrucU arid it would be foolish to tend a metf 
TtktiMg to AHtiquUy^fuUished bytiuSo- apecinien of pottery for the execution 
oefy ^Andqwaries ifUmdou. KoL wp. of a Sir Joshua Reyuoldi,) we hishW 



f,!. 4«B./ip.478. approve of the reasoning of Dr.fiur- 

T'flE Literary character of modem 'ow* upon this nibject, which we shaU 

AfduBological Essays keeps pace herequou: 

with the general improvement in every <<Tlie style of eog^iag Um traU m 

bnnch of science. Papers got up, #^ ootline] \» not populsr in ^gtand, though 

emdum arlem, in an elaborate scho- adopted very generally, and with great sue- 

luAikt manner^ worthy Historians ^^■*» ^?^^ the Continent. Theirs is no 

of the highest rank, accompany the ^^^^ extant, which convevt to much in- 

fleaaaot Uifliog of the mere black-let^ formation, with regard to the irte of pwnt- 

itrQuDCationist ; the Man of Learning '°f '"^ •^»»»7».*« the^nofet & MuUe, 

csafers oracuUr authority upon high f^^»^^ •^ P««/y M. Landon The 

-wu^. a„j ,u^ :.m.»ir V^ll^nfnr i°>menfs number of copies from the old 




r^\\T^^^\r^ •• *.»M.w^ -^.*^. *••*• treasure eitner to tne amateur or practical 
uulity of these dissertations m both professor. By means of this, and other si- 
news we conceive to be neat, be- mikr publications, the libmiy of the artist 
case we possess only philosophical may be well furnbhed, and that of the Ao- 
SMdera- Histories of England; and ti<|uary or Collector much improved, at a 
ffoy man of reading knows, tliat ap- pnce less than that of a doxen finished ear 
plications of the modes of writing ^^higs> as they are sold at the present 
adopted by Tadtua and Hume to na- oay. The advantages attending the enor- 
lions acting upon the principles of »'^ ■•^°«^ "^ '«»« "^ "^V** «<i •«»- 
ibe Feo£rSy5em, is jit as absurd •«J""*'? of expenso-the fiwdity thus se- 
al would be elucidations of Thucydides '^''"'^ f ^*^"*« • 6^™^."* ^i lujtnicted 
TTiaH^.rYii *""^/"'"^ taste for the compositions of the best 
and Herodotus from the works of ^^^^^^^ „^ ^ ^^^ to need any de- 

Ciaig and Duamae. monstration."— Elgin Marbles, I. pref xi. 

In the last Volume we had occa- ,„*,. ^ 

uoa to commend the elaboraie and _, . . , 

Biasterly dissertation upon Ancient This reasonmg, we conceive, to be 

Armour, byDr.Meyrick*; improved, perfectly just, because in numerous 

we are truly glad to hear, into a dis- Archaeological jubjccu, delmeation 

liact work, with excellent plates, for of form is the only desideratum, buch 

want of which it was before absolutely « ^he French plan, and though we 

ip(nled. Another disquisition of simi- know that their egotism in scienufic 

hr high character, as to science, opens ^\^^^^, ». '"^st unconscionable, yet in 

die Volume beibie us, viz. Mr. Webb's Historical Antiquiucs they have sound 



elaborate performance, of which we pretensions. The famous Glossary of 

shall speaksooB. It b accompanied Ducangestands at the head of every 

with engravings of the illuminations, compilation m the Science. Without 

which, by thTway, show the forked »t a profound knowledge of Medmvol 

beard, thought peculiar to the Anglo- Antiquity would have been for ever 

Saxons. iPe congratulate the Society Jost. It cost him /Afr/y-ycori labour, 

on these additions. The French are, Jn return for it, sap Menage,pucai^ 

ms Wartoo, a nation of Antiquaries; was offered a scat (we quote from me- 

and, as nothing can be more absurd ^<^ry) m tlic Academy. He thanked 

than to tliink that mere illustraliou ^^eni. . , . 

KquiKS finished expensive plates, (be- ^ We have gone into this excursus, 

mm cofoprehension of the subject, ^pm « further view. We are of opi- 

IMI display, is the object in question, nmion, that one day or other, we 

' 1 may possess a History of England, 

• Wf cordiaNy forgive Dr. Meyrick for compiled solely from the Arch«olo. 

kba^sr vith us, bectiue we did not think gia, which may he the standard, if not 

•ith bin, that ears wen made to ice. the only accurate HiaU>Ty of CAf^AXii\ 

GaicT. Maa Jitfy, i$S3. VtvQiyi%4 



known. We are certain that this is form and manner of these Reviews 

just as practicable as the issue of owe their birth to the Noticett but 

Alant and D'Oyly's Bible by the So- (setting aside (questions of princi|de) 

ciety for Promotmg Christian Knbw- in a literary view highly ameliorat- 

ledge ; and we should like to see an- ed ; for the disposition of the brass 

nounced, "A History of England, nails in their trunk -making, and the 

published under the authority of the lackering and patterning of them, u 

ilniiouarian "Society,*' We use the far superior to the mere unnoticeable 

worn Antiquarian, though it is not tacks and brads with which the French 

Johnsonian, because we conceive it have fastened on their leather. 

to be of no more moment to convert It is properly observed by Mr. Fos- 

a substantive into an adjective for con- broke, tnat our ancestors never wookl 

venience, than to change a sovereign endure a Sovereign who was not a 

into silver. general and a man of business CBerke- 

The excellence of Mr. Webb's ley MSS. p. 17), and Richard II. was 

** Translation of a French Metrical not the one or the other. It is an 

History of the Deposition of King every-day case for wise parents to save 

Richard the Second, written by a Con- laree fortunes for children who prove 

temporary, and comfrisin^ the period bad, foolish, and extravagant ; and we 

from his last Expedition into England apprehend that the main cause lies in 

io his death,*' which translation is the their acquaintance only with indul- 

first article in the work, has led us gence, prosperity, and pleasure, of 

into this turn of thinking. which weakness, in the commerce of 

The deposition of Richard II. forms life, is a common, if not j^neral re> 

more than one article in the Notices suit. In all probability Richard was 

des Jlf55. published by the French a spoiled child ; but if not, he had one 

Scavans. Translations of the articles failing, (sec p. lOS) which inevitably 

concerning his deposition, at least the renders a man unpopular, that of being 

substantiaTs, were published in the a fop. It has been observed of fops» 

Monthly Magazine, we think, be- by philosophers, that though they 

tween the years I8O9 and 1811, and would lay out a hundred pounds iu 

these translations were made by the walking-sticks, they would not give 

writer of this article. Of the Notices half as many shillings for a charitable 

in general, as they are now becoming or philanthropic purpose. That such 

known, one remark may be obtnided, men cannot command respect, if thej 

viz. that they are more compiled to have not great qualities, which out« 

show off the writer, than the subject; shine failings, is obvious. Of these, 

that on scientific points they are oi\en Richard had none. Kings in petU- 

dry, and absolutely tiresome ; and on coats there may be, as we know from 

those of History and Philosophy, me- Elizabeth ; and also from Richard 

taphysicize and w^iredraw to an un- that there may l)e Queens in breeches, 

reasonable Icngthiness ; whereas, in Richard, who had only been used to 

our opinion, with regard to ancient flattery, like a beauty, had all the im- 

Manuscripts, the grand object is to bccility of such a female in a state of 

know what are their contents, so far distress. He was undecided, vindio- 

as those contents illustrate Ancient tive, whining, thoroughly a frivoloos 

History and Manners, while the very character ; known only to his subjects 

opposite plan, that adopted, is only by expense and luxury, nor, Mr. Webb 

proper for modern points of Philoso- says, was the smallest regard to be paid 

sopny. Politics, Political Economy, to his word. In what light sucn a 

Theology, or Physics, where a Cri- character was held, in his own period, 

tieal Comment upon the Merits is ab- is well drawn by Hotspur, in his de- 

solutelynecessaiy to prevent the Reader lineation of the Butterfly with the 

being misled, but who wanu Com- Poancet-box. Unfortunately for him* 

mentaries of such a character upon self, he was in such a high sitoatiou, 

Chaucer, a Review a fAdam Smith that to kill him would pay powder 

tipon Warton's History of Pbetrv? and shot; and he snflered, becanse 

We know that the Edinburgh ne- no man who lives out of the world 

view was projected, at least discussed can be fit for business, and in his dm 

before its appearance, at the table of Government was not conducted bjm 

the late Marquess of Lansdowne; and Minister and Parliament who tutored 

MTc wcJined to think that the new him tn business. The French were 



18S3.] Rbtiiw.— ifrcAtfo/o^io. 43 

particularly fond of this lubject, the promptitude of action in Buppreiiing 

oeposition of Richard, because, says rebellion, would not, we suppose, have 

the Author of this Metrical Histoiy, been uniinown to any sovereign of the 

amoog other habits ^e should call meanest capacity. Yet Richard ag» 

than weaknesses) of Kichard, he was pears to have been ignorant of this 

luiticiilarly fond of Frenchmen, which almost obvious suggestion, and he 

oopopolar quality his subjects no doubt listened to treacherous counsels of pro- 

detfsled. Montuucon has given a full- crastination, without the smallest ap- 

leogjth figure of Richard, and other prehension of bad results. The mea- 

Sorcrrigna contemporaiy with Charles sures whicli he took were those of the 

VI. in which our unfortunate King veriest dupe possible ; but the circuin- 

appean nearly in the costume of Ed- stances are printed in the Histories of 

wvd VI. or a Blue-coat Boy, with a England. Tlic narrative only enters 

giidle, from which is suspended a into interesting details and expluna- 

pune and his gloves, hanging by two tions. 

itrips. We notice this, because it is Of the judgment, and the recondite 

Qoite a different costume from that of research, visible through the whole of 

UieMS. before us, where he u some- Mr. Webb's ample and valuable elu-. 

tines uncoounonly fine, fit for a stage cidations, we can s|)eak conscientiously 

hero. in terms of unqualified approliation. 

The advance of Richard against tlie They are exactly such as a high scho- 

Iiish is marked by the following trait br and a profound antiquary would 

of Celtic tactics. approve : and, if it be true, as we have 

-The whoki ha.t [qf the Iri.h] were ^^a^' that Mr. Webb meditates a 

mmohkA M the entnnc. of the deep ^jork upon the Crusades, we are sure 

«0Qds. wd every oue put hinuelf right that it will not be a jejune narrative of 

«tl in srray ; for it wm thought, for incident, but that display of the sub- 

thc cimc» that we should luive battle, (p. jcct in all its multifarious grand bear- 

S8.} — ^Neither could aoj person, however ings, with regard to its operations on 

be might be furnished with bold and va- society and tne arts, in which form 

Dm men, find a passage, tlie woods are so alone it ought to be treated. 

JsDgeroas. You must know, that it is so i,, p, 03 ^c find a misUkc made by 

itep m many placet, that unless you are gj, j^j^^ Davics, viz. CrcaghU, or 

TffT careful to observe where you go, you ^/^.^ of Cattle; whereas Crcaghts 

•ill prunp. in up to the middle, or sink ^^^ ^^^ Herdsmen, See Spenser. (\^cw 

m sltogether. p. 3i. ^ ^^ j^^, ^^ ^ ,^^3 ^\^^ ^..^jj^ ^^^^ 

Now, M. Paris says, that the Welch Booties.) Lcdwich's Ircl. 376, et alios, 
used to post themselves in front of We shall extnict one part which re- 
woods, into which they fled to draw latcs to the Coronation Championship. 
00 dieir enen^ies. and when they saw ,,^^^ Champion, ^The oripin of the 
Ihcm enian^led in swamps, attacked champions of England is derived by Cam- 
thcm to advantage. M. Fans, pp. 8-. I, j^^ f^^^ ^^ Kilpccs, of Kelpec, in He- 
31 1. • r refordihire, who held tliat office in the be- 

lnp.40 \vc have an illustration from ginning of the Normans. This noble <a- 

Giidwinnf the Irish barter of cows for miiy liecame extinct in the male line by 

hones ; and computation by the former, the dcatli of Hugh Kilpcc about 9 Joh. 

instead of money. Here we beg to make and his second daughter Joan married Thi- 

aa additional observation. Aneill^, Up Marmion. Philip was a celebrated war- 

abo. as fines of four ancz7/«, were reck- rior under Henry III. and in his time I 

oned in computation by the ancient find the first mention of the Manor of Sen- 

Imh. (Marteni Anecdota, IV. col. vels^y m the county of Lincoln, held m 

Ti DucanKC v. AnciUit,) We believe that family by Harony. It is probable that 

that It was a horrid practice of our ^ ,,^„^^of his great fidelity and eminent 

Ando-Saxon ancestors to export slaves ^^j^,^ ^^ ^XxM,t the office of Champion, 

to IreUind, and Ossian savs that a ^^^^ y^^ ^ decease of the Kylpecs, waa 

hoodred wM%from distanl lands were „y|ved in that individual, and attached to 

ifae rewards of gallant warriors. ' ^ Manor." p. 808. 

Henry of Bolingbroke took advan- j rk. 1 1 u ..1^ 

tn of thU absence of Richard to land , Camden and Dugdale have settled 

in^Eodand. and excite that insurrec the matter in a manner which is in- 

twrwhich cost Richard his Crown, complete and unsatisfactory, lio Cw a» 

5u coiDuiuD M Uw of politics, aa concerns the above paid||^TavV\, TVw 



44 BftVtftW.^ifrek«ologfak [JUy, 

question has cOnuderable difficnlties. taken of the circomstanee, to render 

There may hare been other Chamo any return of hunger nnneeessaiy, 1^ 

pionsy besides those of office ; and yet withdrawing the means of retnovhig 

ID law, the Kine could hare no Cham- it : in short, that he first fested fnm 

pion. In Dngoude^s Monasticon (II. nervous disease, and lastly fimn com- 

^3) a Richard Baiocis, Campio Regit, pulsion. 

is witness to a Charter of King Henry Mr. Amyot rery amiably and loy- 
I. ; and Queen Elisabeth had certain ally endeavours to wani oflf soch a 
heroes in tilting, denominated, honom stisma from the memory of HeniT 
ergo, her personal Champions, while I v. • but in our Review of Niocdai^ 
Dimock isstyledherChampion by office. Life of Davison (part i. p. 523) it will 
(See Nichols's Progresses, I. xliv. Oo, be seen, from undeniable anthority, 
new edit) ; and (Soly) we find the fol- that Elizabeth wished Mary Queen 
lowing contradictory passage in Brae- of Scots to be privately assassinated; 
ton, L. iii. Tract 2. cap. 21, § 11, and that the Clergy in their sermobt 
** Rex non pugnat, nee ahum hahei at PauPs Cross, recommended sudi a 
campionem quam patriam.*' See Du- measure upon Russian principles^ is a 
cange, ▼. Campio, where it is inferred, thing in course, quite fair and allow- 
that the Coronation Champion merely able. Contemporary thinking can akme 
r e p re se nts the nation, so far as con- illustrate contemporary action, 
cems his appearance at the solemni- The third article of^this part of the 
ties. That tne Dimocks did claim by Volume is, 

descent from the Marmions, as hold[- Some remarks on ike earlw sue of 

ing under them in Grand Serjeant^, Carriages in England, and on int 

from the time of Richard II. is evi- modes <(f 2 ravelling adopted hf cmr 

dent from the Michaelis Fines 1st Ancestors, By J. n. Markland, Esq. 

Henry VI. Camden's authority. Mat- F. RS. and b. A. — There are some 

thew P^ris, is very minute concerning original descriptions of carriages, which 

the Ceremonials of Coronations, and have always oeen in vogue from the 

mentions various offices, connected Classical aeras. 1. The Titter, carried 

with that solemnity, but not that of upon poles, by men or horses, like 

the Championship, see p. 355, where the sedan. 2. The caravan, or cart 

he is very difhise ; but tor particulars with a tilt, the carpentrum, &c. 3- 

omitted, ne refers to the Rolls of the The one-horse chaise, seen upon ao- 

Exehequer. These therefore may sup- cient marbles. 4. The long wagsjoa 

ply the puzzlinz hiatus between the on low wheels, like the tram m a 

time of the earrv Normans and the rail-road, but with a pole. 5. The 

reien of Richard II. from whence common cart The rule in general 

authenticity commences ; perhaps the is, that no horses are seen drawing 

fine roll mentioned may recite, and lengthways among the Classical An« 

throw new light upon the subject cients, but always abreast, and it may 

We are unable to pursue it further. be fairly conjectured, that the Romans 

The ^reat question concerning Rich- had none with four wheels till the de* 
ard II. IS the manner of his death, and cline of the empire ; for these accom- 
that is most ably discussed by Mr. pany only bas-reliefs of barbarians on 
Webb, and followed by two essays from the Trajan Column, but appear as Ro- 
the pen of Mr. Amyot. Three modes man upon the pretendea Antonine, 
have been mentioned by Historians. Theodosian, and Constantian Moun* 
1. Violent death by means of Piers ments. High wheels are also in ap- 
Exion and accomplices, which is in pearance another addition, derived 
ioio, particularly by Mr. Amyot*, about the same time from the Bar^ 
successfolly disproved. 2. Suicide, barians. As to covered carriages, none 
by declinmg. food. 3. Compulsory appear but the Carpentum with the 
Survation. Our own opinions are, tut, nor any of them suspended. The 
Irani comparing the passages, that Carpentum had a driver with reins; 
Richard, half broken- nearted, from for Tullia went to the Forum in a 
extreme unhappincss, pined and lost Carpentum, and Livy says, ** restitoit 
all appetite, aind tliat advantage was paviclus atque inhibuit frenos, is qui 
jumenta agcbat" L. i. c. 48. Cbiw 

• Th« infefenee from the pretended tkull »^^« nuianics arc presumed to have 

of Richard, is confiiud in Nealt't Wstt- been suspended carriages, but if so» 

auBfttcf Abb^»ii. 110. they were only bodies of carriages, 

hung 



IflfSL] RBViBWw---ilrei!MiDto^*--*Ingiiun*8 Saxon Chronicle. 45 



fanog upon skint of letther, still usual 

abiwd. ThcK also seem to have come 

ifi m the decline of the Em pire. ^ Du- 

Ciii|||e (r. GarrMcaJ quotes PaulintiSy 

Epist 10 ad Serenmiyas saying, *'Cir- 

eomflni Senatores prosenoebantur car" 

rvcif mataUibust** and then observes, 

** UVi per carrucas mttantei express! t, 

lu Cdkr, earmcoi hodiernas, auas cAo- 

rtoCff Irwu/am vocabant Galli nostri, 

sni coiros suspensos.** These whole 

skins seem to have eiven way to 

tfxtmg Ittthem straps hanging from 

vsoden or iron uprights, as m the 

LonI Mayor's State CSirria^, and the 

iminerDQs prints by Kip, m Sir Ro* 

bert Atkins's Gloucestershire. Dome- 

eofeied state cars, and caravans open 

at the sides, appear from the 14th 

ootary, but the archetype of the de- 

isi-oval modem coach, appears in Mr. 

Mirkland's copy, from the title of a 

ciuioos tract, entitled *' Coach and 

Sedan pleasantly disputing for place 

isd precedence, the Brewer's cart 

bring Moderator." London, 1636. 

The Coach u engraved, pi. xviii. f. 

7, and is thus described, 

*<T1is other (the coach) vm a thick 
Mv HfHre fetS £bUow in a doublet of 
Uiek IwtlMr, brauo buttoned downe the 
bwMt, liedoe, tleeret, and wings, with mon- 
ftrooi wide bootee, fringed at the top with 
a Bet inagef and a round breech (after the 
dd &ehion) guilded, and on hie backside 
m etcbievement of sundry coats in their 

pspCf CvKraT. 

The Coachman is next described : 

"Hte had only one man befbre him, 
nspt in a red cloake, with wide slecTes 
toniisd op at the hands, and cudgelled thick 
so the backe and shoulders, with broad 
dkiaiag lace (not much unlike that which 
■QBBers make of strawen hats,) and of each 
lide of him went a lacquaj, the one a 
Frtach boy, the other Irish, all suitable 
■Eke." p. 469. 

It does not appear, from the draw- 
ing, that more tnan one could sit on 
the box, so that the Lacqueys must 
have walked by the side of the coacli ; 
the Irish servant .being, as usual, a 
ruoniog footman, for that was the 
satire country of this kind of do- 
amtick. 

The Sedan, pi. xviii. f. 7, is a small 
house, with lattices, like a large dog- 
bennc). llie tract thus describes it. 

*'Ths one (the Sedan) wu in a suite of 
fircaa, slWr a strange manner^ w'mdowed 
hden Mod hebiatf wiih iMoglMMse (Talc, 



as diii tims commonly odied Moieovy- 
glaee) haTing two handsome fidlowei in 
graene coata attending him ; the one ever 
went befbre, the other came behind ; their 
coats were laced down the back with a 
green laoe suitable; so were their haUe- 
•leeTcs, which persuaded roe at first they 
were some cast suites of their masters ; 
their hacks were harnessed with leather 
cingles, cut out of a hide, as broad ee 
Dutch collops of bacon." p. 468, 

With this article terminates this 
valuable and interesting portion of 
Vol. XX. 



S. The Saxon CkromeUf teith an English 
Translationt and NoUi Critical and Bxpla- 
notary. To fvfueh are added, C h ronohg i ' 
eal, Topographieal, and GUmarial Indiaet $ 
a short Gramnutr qf the Anglo-Saxon 
Language ; a mw Map ^England during 
the Heptarchy ; Platet qf Coins, d^c. By 
the Rev. I. Ingram, B, D. Rector rf Ro- 
therfield Greys, Oxfordshire, andjormerly 
Anglo-Saxon Professor in Oxford. 4to, 
pp. 46S. 

TH E Saxon Chronicle is j ustly con« 
sidered to be our only authentic code of 
Fasti, in respect to the early history of 
this Island, but here its importance 
terminates. In short, it is the record 
of the day, to which the Historian re< 
fers for authenticity. It was tlie custom 
of Government to send bulletins of 
public events to various great Monas^ 
teries, (See MSS. Harl. 791 1 Cott« 
Tiber. £. iv.) and these Fasti having 
in some instances been fortunately pre- 
served, the Saxon Chronicle becomes 
in consequence a dictionary of refe- 
rence, as to the veracity of events, nar- 
rated by subsequent historians. The 
text of a mile-stone should always be 
correct, and this correctness, with re- 

fard to the Saxon Chronicle, should 
e effected by collating the MSS. In 
speaking thus of the venerable record, 
we may be supposed not to have a pro- 
per literary and archxological feehng; 
out Mr. Ingram has forced it upon us. 
As if he was a Triton, ushering in the 
approach of Neptune, with a Buccina, 
he has sounded forth the mere chrono- 
logy of an almanack, a parish-register, 
as a panorama oj" the age, &c. &c. &c. 
(see Pref. ii. iti.); and all this, not- 
withstanding Mr. Turner's excellent 
work being the only thing worthy such 
eulogy, and the Saxon Chronicle con- 
taining such uncommon trash, as that 
Britain was peopled from i4rmcnta, \n- 
Btx:ad o( Armorica (p. l), aud \]hal3oV\iw 

vVvt 



46 KiYiBW. — Ingram's Saxon Ckronlck. [Jalj, 

the Baptist showed his head to two sjrllablc have been omitted^ which ii 

Monks in the year 448 (pp. 1, 13). historical; but Mr. Ingram «dmiCi 

The harsh form in which we have (Pref. ii.) that there has been compre»' 
commenced this article, has been also sion t i. e. alteration of the text, oi 
forced upon us, by the nedantick and omission. Now this, in either viewj 
supercilious manner witn which Mr. with regard to the Saxon Chronicle, 
Ingram, in a preface and observations is much the same thine as delivering 
of twenty-four pa^s, has insulted his a nest of weights, and ^tering or Wtv- 
predecessors in this walk of literature, ing out pounds, half-pounds, and 
Gale and others, as he calls them, ounces ; or instead of records, giving 
(Pref. xiv.) No doubt can be enter- abstracts, where the grand concern « 
taioed, but that Mr. In<jram*s edition authority and evidence. We do not 
of the Saxon Chronicle is that which blame Mr. Ingram, for he must sob- 
oueht to have a preference to Bishop mi t to necessity, but wearcofopinioo, 
GiDson*s ; nor can there be a doubt but that the nine ' original manuMcrifii 
that the text is .collated, and the work should be published by Government 
edited, «ectin(2emar/em, like the produc- with collations onl]^ from the copiei 
tion of a scholar, a true son of our Alma which are marked m Arabick nmoe- 
Mater, aswellas/m— Oxonia,aPanthe- rals by Mr. Ingram, in his synoptit 
an deity, with the attributes of Bacchus (Pref. xviii.), legendary trash excepted, 
and Fauns to denote its undergraduates. Tautologies may occur i but the Saxon 
of Apollo and Hermes to symbolize its Chronicle, though a Calendar only, ii 
first-class men, of Momus to pourtray the bible of early English history, and 
its wits, and of Hercules and Minerva a wrong word, or turn of a sentence, 
its Copplestoncs and Mants. Not the may vary the account of an historicu 
slightest disrespect do wc feel for Mr. fact. It appears, however, tliat [Bi« 
Ingram as a scholar ; and if he has shop] Gibson [wc add the prefix with 
fallen in love with 1ms wrinkled old pleasure, not plain Gibson, as Mr. In- 
woman, the Saxon Chronicle, so as to gram], then a bachelor of Queen*s, of 
parade her about, and laud her as a twenty-three years of age, used in the 
juvenile beauty, that also is venial ; main only transcripts in the Bodleian ; 
but we will not patiently endure the viz. Jun. (56. ii., Laud. G. 36., the 
manner in which he has treated lite- Peterborough Chronicle, tupposed to 
rary Westminster-abbey men, his Gale be lost. Laud. X. 80 (only a copy ^ 
and others; and were it not for the de- older Chronicles), and collations by 
coruni, which toe think due to all Junius, inserted in his copy of Whekx^ 
scholars, and Mr. Ingram, as one, we of the (3ott. MS. Domit. A.viii. The 
would exclaim, Jesus I know, and fact, therefore, appears to be, that' 
Paul I know, but who, ^c. Not in Bishop Gibson knew nothing of the 
Mr. Ingram's manner do the learned oricinals in Bennet College, Cam- 
Germans, and the celebrated liickes, bridge Library, the Cotton \^S. Tiber, 
treat their eminent brethren ; but it is B. i. and B. iv. Bishop Gibson's 
clarissimus hie, 9^v\A eruditissimus ille $ _ book is therefore an imperfect one; 
no Gale and others, &c. &c. but as Mr. Ingram, in the graciou»- 

We now proceed to the work. The ness of his condescension, acknowlolget 
blame attcndiujg the Saxon Chronicle (Pref. ii. note) that it was an extraor- 
in the first edition was, that Bishop dinary work for a young man of twenty* 
Gibson, by omitting most interesting three, we beg to add, that it was ex- 
I)articulars, or neglecting the best ma- cecdingly meritorious in him, with 
nuscripts, reduccci this work to bone such imperfect aids, and in such an 
and skin, without muscle; i. e. has age, to get up the language in a man- 
included within 244 pages, what Mr. ncr suHiciently complete for so labo- 
Ingrani says, (Ptcf. ii.) ** could n(»t be rious an undertaking*. At the tame 
compressed within a shorter comjxass time, as our difference with Mr. In- 
than 3/4 ])a^es.'' Our opinion is, gram, turns only upon points of roan-^ 
that every thing legendary and silly, ners, it is merely just to say, ^at na 
as St. John showing his head, comparison can be made between the 
should have been rejected with as two works. We shall exhibit this in 
much disdain, as is bestowed (Pref. a striking instance. Hardicanute died- 
Iw.y.) upon " the simpleton Samuel, "Sl^niwi^TpiZirAroSiJlS^ 

?"t'"i"'VS' /^""' ■ T'^ A"fi'»- S«. &c. ». rubram mM, &c. »- 

Mica tbe M^. uf ^lcnlull^; ami not a iitged. 



1883.] 



Rbvibw.— Ingram's Saxon Chronicle. 



47 



I 



of ipoplcxy, under which he lingered 
in a state of insensibility, till the Ides 
of June. The statement of this event, 
as given by Bishop Gibson, p. 156, is 
as iollowt. An MX LI. 

He]» po|J6-)Depbe Haji^Sacnut cyn^ 

Um wmt-fixtiht Harthacknut IClng 

ce Lunb-hy>Se on vi. ib. Jun. 3 

as Lambhitna on 6. Id. Jun. and 

he pey cyn^ opeii eall en^la lanb 

iw wu lung over all Angles-land 

tfa seap baton x. nifatum, •} he ly 

two years exeept ten months, and he it 

bebypigeb on ealban inynp;pe on 

boned in Old Minstre in 

WiDceaytpej &c. 

Wiscncstcr* 

The translation of Bishop Gibson is 
correct, except that he puts was buried 
(sepultns est) instead or is buried, the 
English idiom, retained to this day. 

Mr. In^m*& Saxon account of the 
same event is this4 P. 212. A. D. 
MXLII. 

Hep pojilSFepbe Hap^Sacnut cyn; 

Here died Huthacnut King 

Kt Lamb-hy%. ypa f he set hiy 

as LAmb-hythe, as that he at his 
bpince fsob. 3 he ptmn^ ycoU to 

drink etood, and he suodenly fell to 

^spe eojiSaoi mib es^ylicum an^nne. 

tJke tMtn earth, with SLhorrible atfirst struggle^ 

ac hioe ^ ^laehton ]»e j^aep nch 

bot bin then took up who thrre nigh 

pspon "} he po^S^n nan poph ne 

were, and he said none word nor 

jecpis ac ^pat on vi. ib Tun. 

•poke, but died on 6 Id. Jun. 

We have civen a literal verbal trans- 
btion, accorclin^ to what is, in our 
f-ljiaion, the real ineaniu;^ of the ori(;i- 
n*!, in order to show the peculiar 
iJiom of the laiiKua<;c. We have trans- 
bieii ^pe eOp%an, the there earth, 
lecjusc, we presume, that it was a 
plcnnasm, meaning the ground there, 
uid do not think Daspc to be a simple 
representative of the article J ; and 
tliough the translation by Mr. Ingram 
of e^ylictim an^inne, tremendous 
UTuggle, is perfectly correct, yet as 
axipane signifies iniiium as well as 
loHamen, we conceive that a further, 
u rather a joint meanins;, as wc have 
RDdered it, was intended. On, wc do 



•y I. e. died, 

: See Lyo v. DflBp e^"* rw/umZ/iw, et 
pHi s ; wbcDca we draw this hypothesis. 



not find in Manning's Lye, used as 
bifore. 

Having construed and parsed every 
word in Gibson's Saxon Chronicle, 
probably before Mr. Ingram took up 
the study, we have formed an opinion, 
that our modem English does not come 
up to the peculiar enersy of Anglo- 
Saxon expression, and to the compound 
meaning which we think attacnes to 
many of its verbs and substantives. 
This force we have endeavoured to 
show, under the words e^^yhcum 
an^nne. No man can read the Saxon 
Chronicle, without feeling the strongest 
points of assimilation between our an- 
cestors and their descendants, now called 
Englishmen. All of the breed express 
themselves strongly and concisely. 

Here >ye shalllcavc the work for the 
present, under the full expectation 
that we shall receive an angry expostu- 
lation from Mr. Insram, on account 
of the manner in which we have ez- 

Eresscd ourselves concerning his War- 
urtonian mode of treating our depart- 
ed Literati of the first character. We 
ask our Readers, whether a Professor, 
who delivers lectures, oun:ht to use 
such |)hraseology as this *' particularly 
by a simpleton, who is called Sanmel.'* 
(rref. p. iv.) There is a dignity and 
temper an])ertaining to all instruction 
ex cat heard, which it would be no ad- 
vantage to society to disturb by such 
colloquial innovations. 

(To Ic continued.) 

3. History and Dfscription of Westminster' 
Hall. Extracted from the New Times. 
Dalton. QvtK pp. 2-t. 

TO give a gcKxl description of a 
building:; is no easy tusk. It should 
neither be too brief, nor too laboured : 
if the one, it can rarely escui>e leaving 
the Reader iini)erfectly acquainted with 
his subject ; and if the other, of oppress- 
ing him with detail which, unliKe an 
eflort of the (K'ncil that pleases in pro- 
portion to the labour it has exhausted, 
distracts the mind, and diverts the at- 
tention from those leading features 
which, if skilfully seized, carry the 
reader aloii;; with the writer, and im- 
press the peculiar form, correct pro|)or- 
tion, or elegant enrichment on his 
imagination. Gibbon*s description of 
the Temple of Diana at Ephesus, is an 
excellent model ; concise, but satisfac- 
factory. He says, 

<* The arts of Greece, aud tlie wesltli of 

Alia, 



Rstiiw.— Dficriplion of WetlmiiattT Hail. 



48 

A»ii» W MM^pSjMd to fiftct (lull Mcnd and 
magnificent atnuitiin. ' It wu ■upportod by 
•nGundred aad twenty-seven mame colamna 
of tbe Ionic order. They were the ^ftt of 
deront monarc)is» and eaeh vm sixty feet 
high. The altar hm adoned with the 
nasteily sedptiires of Plaxitelca. Yet the 
length of the Temple of Ephesos waa only 
lonr hnndred and twentf-iive ftet, abont 
tiro-thircb of tlie meaiare of the Churoh of 
St. Peter at Kama. In the other dimensions 
it waa still more inferior to that sublime 
prodootion of modem architecture. The 
Temple of Diana wu, however, admired as 
one of the wonders of the world." 

In the pamphlet now before us, 
which i» written with much good feel- 
ing, and.conuins many valualile re- 
nwrks both historical and descriptive, 
want of arrangement is observable; 
but a still more evident defect is the 
absence of a jgeneral introductory de- 
scription, which if not extending to 
an enumeration of all the buildings by 
which Westminster Hall is surround- 
ed and enclosed, should, at least, notice 
the component members of the design, 
and mark the singularity of its situa- 
tion with respect to the other parts of 
the palace, wnich obli^^ed the architect 
to expose and adorn its extremities in 
a manner so unlike the general arrange- 
ment of such structures. Unless this 
system form what may be termed the 
outline of the subject, we may read of 
niches, windows, and sculptures, but 
we can never apply them to their pro- 
per stations in the design. The de- 
scription commences in p. 9 ; it is ex- 
cellent, but the reader (for whether 
he be a stnineer or a denizen, he should 
be told) is left to guess at the composi- 
tion or groui)e of the fabric, an intro- 
duction something like the following is 
absolutely necessary to conrey the cha- 
racter of^the subject to the mind: — 
The elevation consists of a centre 
adorned with a magnificent window, 
and terminating in a pediment between 
two projecting square towers, with 
ttraisnt batllemented parapets. The 
chief adornments appear on the porch, 
and on the basement of the towers 
connected with it. Eight of the nu- 
merous statues which originally filled 
the splendid niches in the lower part 
of the towers, remained till the late re- 
edifioition: they were then wholly re- 
moved, and the recesses rebuilt to re- 
main empty. Although we regret the 
loss of tnese decayed sculptures, ^et 
we cannot recommend their restoration 
Uf tlie new buildipg. How well they 



accorded with the crumbled pi 
the veneiabTe pile, is too f 
known to be here more pair 
noticed, and we regret that tfa 
rather than the inclination, ai 
ing to occupy niches with 
worthy of their snperb cahO|Hf 

« That the windows of Westmh 
were once semicircular, wu den 
when the inside plastering of the B 
WM cleared away for the purpose c 
in it a stone staircase lor aoces 
Speaker's suite of state rooms ; twi 
windows of the Hall having been fa 
by this Bell Tower in the time of 
III. These are semicircular, bord 
a simple outline of the dog-tooth « 
It will be perceived by mspectic 
window-tops inside the Hall, tha 
not materially altered, as a very sli 
ping of the old work would pn 
obtuse apex by which they diffe 
semicircular form." 

llie i>eculiar ornament often 
not aptly called tlte *' dog-iooi 
unknown in the age of Ru 
origin is certainly Norman, 
pure ** dog-tooth* is not more 
than the Idth centurv. It is 
whether the side walls of Wei 
Hall, above the foot of the ¥ 
are Norman, but it may be { 
asserted that the present wini 
not alterations ot the ori^n 
but were entirely re-built in 
the Second's reign. 

The writer, we think, has 
himself rather too freely in rei 
the turret of the North gable 
means to say that such tern 
are not characteristic of the pc 
is mistaken, and he has mad 
tempt to prove what he almost 
to assert (pages 1 6 and 17)» th 
added in the reign of Hen 
Whether the gable would be i 
by the absence of the turret ii 
question. Our author admit 
had a prescriptive right to be 
with the rest of the building, 
are not authorized in any violei 
tion of an ancient design. > 
single crochet reroaineaon tl 
of the gable, and the proof 1 
never existed at Westminster 
as positive as that they did 
taste might be exercised on t 
sion, and we agree with the ' 
censuring their addition. ' 
perfectly accord with him in 
tures on the " renovated I 
though we cannot agree to an f 
of the p\TOvaic\c% vr\\^ tlffl 



lattj UMmw^—Wi^mmiier HaU^^PoinU of Humour. 49 

ffBtfacm gible : HI. bccauw it ii a 4. PtrirUs of Humom; ilkuiraied hg the 
tmderm eumple; and Sdly, because I>c^sn« qfOMfgt Cniikihuk. 8m. pp. 
ihe fiwn of tke ori^nal lantern pin- '^7. 1 8 Engrauingt, Baldwyn. 
nele haa been pmenred, though dit- THE literary part of this work u 

ii^uvd by a load of crochets and a modestly stated to be an explanatory 

(kmcriDg finial. With the following catalogue of the designs by Cruikshank, 

eatiact which we generally, thoush whose illustrations of Grimm's Tales 

not entifdy approve, we shall conclude we lately had the pleasure of noticing, 

our remarks. They excel that whimsical selection, 

" Lrt w imgine tke Spectittor pUced in ^^ b<:>Dg larger in size, more natural in 

Old Bilifii ynd, sad prspared to imbibe « representation, and ponessingmore of 

uKfoi lemon (mm things lo be avoided. Such cliaractcr than caricature. HBight of 

an fK h ilMtaofi of the vigariet of the human these are tail -pieces on wood, and dis- 

■iwl, when under the hallowed influence of play iu burlestiue what Gribelin cxhi- 

lufr, can never be nirpassed. Some Pin- bits in reality, an exquisite attention 

COCK tboQld be employed to diUte upon the to particles. The " Point of Honour " 

^SlSLlL*^-i>? ""^ ^^^^^^ P "too crowded (the same blemish which 

uc ffett, he mieht say, you tee Henry the ««„„«„ • tu..^. • ^^, t ^C 

\IV. Cipel, wiUi iu fkuta.tic outline and ^^fP/^"^? '?»,^|'"riSv* "^'^Ju^/u^ **l* 

iu exceeTdT omament-orer the building i'^'"' »" ^^« last edition of Hudibras), 

<w the North tide of the Yard, you tee the **"^ possesses, in consequence, Uie 

Han Lantern, and (H it hoped yon wiU 'n^r* inducement to lauRhter. " Yes 

hereafter aee) the Timet pinnacle, both of or No?" is a most bewitching duett, 

tbnn uUn-Jhrid^ turpaating the Chapel it- and thepo/f/^»f of the Italian Prince, 

tdf.— The Northern itmcture, about fifty in Point X. is inimitable i the torch- 

yim of an, intended for the Houte of bearer on the left is also a striking 

CoMaona' Committee Rooms, it wonderfully figure. This collection is enriched by 

contimd—n height of forty-two feet being the Jolly Beggars of Burns, which the 

■o diasriboted into three ttoriet, that the fastidiousness of Dr. Curric withheld 

copnl bottom rooms are low and dark, f,^^ ^is edition, so that it appears here 

c»»Il..be»gieqm.itofc«i^^^ with novelty and eifert. WT quote, 

■e u the umer part of tnem at noon-day, «. • j * u j r\^' . •^.. 

i&le the middle !twy (twenty feet high) b ?» '" ^"^X ^""^' «nf P^»"^' ?"!:?*''? 

afanoat aa oUectkmable from the echo pro- »»owever, that it will appear to disad- 

doeed by ditprnportUmate altitude.— For the vantage without the engraving. 
Eati »tde of the Yard you have the platter *' Yes, or No ? 

scTPcn of thp Honte of Lords (about twenty " Frcdericlc the Great, King of Pruitia, 

)cart of age}, which, when first finislied, was so remarkably fond of chilcken, that he 

»at to ridiculously like a Lancashire ctitton- suffered tho sons of the Prince Royal to 

fcctciry, tliat a charitable Peeress, in 1806*, enter his apartment whenever they thought 

kad to supply a central tower front, studded projier. One day, wliile he was writing in 

vith oriel windows and a Saintly niche, his closet, the eldest of these Princes wat 

gmitbed with Watch Turrets, round and plRyin*; nt shuttlecock near him. 'Hie thut- 

Mjuafc, crenellated but inaccessible (unless tlecock happened to fall upon the table at 

hf monkeyt) from their slender size, l^ut wbicli the King sat, who threw it at the 

iD this very well breakt the objectionable voung Prince, and continued to write. The 

rontinuity of the facade. — Newest of tl\e shuttlecock fnlling un the table a tecond 

aew, tad tcarcely finished, inclining to the time, tbe King threw it back, looking 

Saitth r towards Abingdon- ttrect), you have stenily at the cliild, who promited that no 

tke Royal entrance to the House of I»rd5, accident of the kind should luppen again ; 

Wautifai and appropriate in itself; but the the shuttlecock however fell a third time, 

iftiahle architect, too good-naturedly accom- and even upon the |>aper on which the King 

Mudating hta work to the motley assemblage was writing. Frederick then took the shut- 

of boildingt around him, leads his Sovereign tlecock and put it in his pocket : the little 

throogh a gorgeous pastage and pinnacled Prince humbly asked pardon, and begged 

gateway — to a Palladian window and Ionic the King to return him his shuttlecock. 

portico — and beyond that, in succession, to His Majesty refused; the Prince redoubled 

tbe Prince's Chamber, with its lancet win- his entreaties, but no attention wat paid to 

4«»i — the moat undoubted vestige of the them : the young Prince at length tired of 

Old Palace of Edward the Confessor ! — Pit begging, advanced boldly towards the King, 

eontiunmation nf the architectural menagerie put his two hands on his side, and totting 

i/OU Palace-yard. Ijack his little head with great haughtinettf 

M Hnroano capiti cervicem Fictorequinam taid in a threatening tone, * will your Mar 

JuDcere ti velit, et varies inducere plumat iesty give me my shuttlecock, Yet, or No?" 

I adiqnt eoJIatit membrit, — Hie King burst into a fit of hiughtcr, aai 

hprtatiim admisai ritum teneatit, amici ?" taking the shuttlecock out of lus p(«k*^ 
UtSkT. M4r,. Juit;, 1 823. retOlBta 

7 



50 Rbvibw.— JVopofaf/or a Ckrieal Prwideni And. U^h 

Tctaraed it to the Prince, Myincy * too are can better afford SKX)/. a year to a 

ft brave boj, you will nerer suffer SiWm to Curate, than one of SOOL half thai 

be tdcen fron yoa\" stipend. So however things are ; and^ 

On the whole, this volume may be as it is evident, in most instances, that 

ETonounced an cnlivener of the age we the fault of the poor Clerey (good and 

ve in. Humour is to the mind what amiable creatures accoramg to oar 

salt is to flesh, and the spirited pub- knowledge of them), is simply that of 

lisher who consults the tall of rents matrimony, and having laij^ familieiy 

and reduction of funds in his nroduc- a natural conscauencc of temperate 

tions, deserves the thanks of the Phi- living, we are glad to hail any plan 

lanthropic Society. We hail the notice for securing them and their families a 

"To be continued*' on the wrapper, provision. 

and confidently suggest " Omne tulit The Author before us (pp. 4, 6), di- 

punclum** as a motto for the general vides the Clergy into— I. Large I ncom- 

title. ists, who can insure their lives ; 2. Con- 

^ tineent Incomists, as Schoolmasteri 

5. PnptmLl far the formation of a CUrieal and Authors (of whom by the way, 

Prooident Fund, /h a Letter addrested to there are not twentywho get 60^ per 

the Clergy <if Great Britain and Ireland, ann, by it) i and, 3. Drudging Curates 

By a Rector, Oxford. 8i»,p/>. 16. (hyperbolical) in twenty-four hours a 

THE inequality in the distribution day duty. In service of the two last 

of Church property, and the arbitrary classes, ne proposes a Clerical Provident 

disposition of the patronage of it, must Fund, foundea upon proportionate, but 

inevitably subject many ecclesiasticks, universal contributions from all tha 

however wortny in themselves, if they Cler^. We have seen plans, bv 

marry upon contingent expectations, which trifling sums oeriodicaliy paid 

to unmerited poverty. Sir William by a day-labourer, will, by the aid of 

Scott's (LordStowell) Bill, sanctioned compound interest, pay such labourer, 

by Bishop Porteus, by creating valuable after sixty years of age, an annuity of 

Cfuracies, founded upon a per-centage 20/. per ann. ; and we doubt not, oat 

pyment from the lar^e Livings, would with the aid qf an able Actuary, from 

have removed the obvious evil of giving an insurance oflice, a scheme may be 

to one man claret, and another small- formed, which the Hierarchy ought» 

beer; but it was thrown out by the and we trust will patronize energetU 

miserable subterfuge of making corpo- cally. 

rate property in trust a fee simple of Our worthj Author (p. 13) observes« 
the annuitants in possession. Tne re- " that it is inconsistent with a liigb-i 
suit of that Bill would have been, if minded character to resort for relief to 
aided by a clause that Curacies beyond the clerical charities." High-mindetUieMi 
a certain value should not be held by in any kind of life -annuitants with 
persons under the age of forty, that (0 large families! Do men of similu 
young men would be deterred from situations in all ranks, and the highei 
marrying prematureljr; and, as through Clergy themselves, neglect any oppor- 
patronage being limited to particular tunity of serving their children? Has 
societies, and pluralities (see Dr. Yates), this high-mindeanets occasioned no com- 
the chances are eight to one against plaints of obtaining admissions into 
an unpatronized Clergyman*s obtaining Christ's Hospital, or exhibitions from 
a living ; (2) that a prospect of comfort Grammar or Public Schools 1 or hand- 
would nave been ^ivcn to the declin- some presents from opulent patronSj 
iiig days of meritorious men. The &c. But as to the Charities, accord- 
beneficed Clergy, by their influence, ing to our knowledge of them, thg 
threw out this bill, and have obtained arc not given to Clercymen, as suck^ 
in its stead one, which (with sincere for instance, not to Bachelor Clergy- 
respect for the noble Author) makes men, but to unlenificed Clergymen 
the poor Incumbent sufl*er in his in- with large families, so that in fact the 
come, whenever a manufacturer chuses donation is to supply deficiency of in- 
to stock the parish with paupers, while come, in regard to the latter burden, 
the rich one keeps only a horse less. Now we know, that high-minded and 
Our politicks, with rc^rd to Church prudent men have been, by taking s 
and State, cannot be mistaken, and we small living, in a desolate situation, 
agree with Lord StowclPs Bill, because where any modes of ameliorating in- 
we think a man with iOOO/. a year come were impracticable; and then 



1985.] REriEWr^Orange System exposed.~^Reirotpective Remem. 51 



manyin^, have been utterly ruined, and 
feen their children day-labourers. This 
shocking incident was forced upon 
them by mere circumstances, and the 
operation of laws which precluded re- 
moval or relief by incompatible avo- 
cations. Now would not any man of 
comnum sense, accept of servicesybr his 
cluldreng which his profession positively 
prevents hit otherwise duly providing 
for in any other way. 

€, The Oratgt System exposed, and (he 
Omgfi Societies proved to be unconstitU' 
tkmalf iBegal, and seditious, in a Letter 
to the Marquess Wellcalej. 8tKi> pp. 91 • 

WH£N great public (questions are 
agitated, great factions will naturally 
arise, but of whatever description they 
may be. Government, through its 
organ, the Magistracy, has to sec the 
peace preserved, and there to stop, for 
It has nothing to do with differences of 
opiotons, unless they are exhibited in 
iOei^l action. The Pamphlet before 
us is, in our onioion, therefore impro- 
perly addressed to the Lord Lieutenant. 
His duly is to see the laws adminis- 
tered, not to have a bias, or commit 
himself in his public character; for 
what is the oatn, which an Orange- 
man takes (see p. 13 seq.)i but ad- 
herence to the Pro/ei/an/ succession on 
the throne, a passage marked in italicks 
as reureliensiolc ! and the Vicc-roy is 
callLG u[>on to reprobate, as unconsti- 
tnlitmal, seditious, &c. connection of 
ih/c Proieslani Reiigionwiili the Crown, 
We know, that on the Continent a 
TCheme has been broached fur making 
tiie Catholick the grand universal esta- 
blished Religion, and all the divisions 
of Protestantism mere sects, in kind 
condescension to be tolerated only. 
We however apprehend that with re- 
gard to Great Britain, such a project 
will not even be agitated in a lunatick 
asrlum, much more in our Houses of 
Parliament, or the Privy Council. 

T. The Retrospective Review, Nos, 12, and 13. 
C. Baldwin. 

OUR Retrospective friends continue 
to apply the principles of the Humane 
Society to deceased Literature. The 
tvn Kumbers before us contain a va- 
luable body of History, in the memoirs 
of Philip rJe Comines, and the bio- 
graphies of Weldon, Sully, Ijiud, Chil- 
lir.^orth, and North, appertaining to 
'he reigns of Edward Iv. Elizabeth, 



James I. Charles IL and the Civil 
Wars. The poems of John Shelton 
present us with a curious contemporary 
portrait of Wolsey. For worKs of 
humour, there arc Coryate's Crudities, 
an Essay on the Prolongation of Life, 
the Lives of Radclifle the physician, 
and Everett the hizhwayman, and Sir 
Thomas Urquhart^ jewel. Walton's 
Angler, we regret, has obtained only 
*' a patch " of space, while the adven- 
tures of Peter Wilkins are favoured 
with sixty pages. The article on Loi 
Cases ana the Slave Trade is one of 
historical justice, and fully refutes the 
misrepresentations of Robertson ; Web- 
ster's Flays, and Carew's and .Skelton'a 
Works, form the i)octical department. 
As it is impossible, in this hypercri« 
tical age, to take leave of a book wiUi- 
out an objection, we think that to in« 
scrt ** the Life of Bishop Latimer aa 
compiled from Fox's Rook of Martyrs," 
was worse than useless to the tran* 
scriber, and not quite fair to the rea« 
der ; our evangelical divines having fa» 
voured the world with many cheap re- 
prints of that extensive worn. The re- 
viewer complains that *' Peter WiU 
kins" is neglected, — ^why? Because 
itisentirely a fiction. Robmson Crusoe 
is a rational work, always keeping so 
close to probability as to create a real 
interest. Peter Wilkins is a vulgar 
fairy talc, without the piquancy of ro- 
mance, or the reason of a novel. He 
complains also, at p. 137, of the " egre- 
gious wrong" which " the Ancients, 
and more particularly the Athenians, 
have suffered from some of our con- 
temporaries." We fancy he alludes to 
Mr. Mil ford, and, if so, cannot con- 
gratulate him on the justice of the 
remark. 



8. A Familiar Treatise on the Disorders 
of the Stomach and Bowels, Bilious and 
Nervous Affections, with an attempt to 
correct many prevalent Errors in Diet, 
Exercise, ^e, Iving an Exposition of tlie 
most approved means for Uie Improve^ 
ment and Preservation of Health. By 
Geo. Shipmmn, M, R, C, Surg, 8uo. pp* 
172. 

WE have all heard of the Gour- 
mand, who said, that a Goose was an 
awkward bird, as it was too much for 
one, and not enough for two ; but we 
really think that the excess of the fa- 
shionable table is full as great, and 
sembles more the store laid befon 
fatting animal, in order that it n 

sot. 



51 RBTiBW««-ShipiiiaA*i Tf§alue.—Leiier (6 Lard MlhHd. ^Mf, 

toon become fit for the botcher, than The following reinerkt cennol be 
that more degant supply of nature, too popular 



which obtains among rational beings, ««in the majority of MMt« tbe 4nli»fa 
who make of meals sociable things. food diminithet w the disertioii ~ 



'<How often (ujt Mr. Shipmaa) do we impeired, and in a more adnnefdaUMyi^ 
find peTBOOB oommencinc the daily tubeiit- dispmition for taking omtrithmenl fe e^ 



ence at ten in the mommg, which meal perienced } then it it that great _ 

will consist of no moderate quantity of ani- » done by the lenoranoe of nursesy whist 

mal food, with coffee, toast, ike. ; at one or from the best of motives, no doubC» pse- 

two a luncheon, also consisting of meat ; soadc the patient to take a rariety of mtsseip 

at five or six dinner is tent up, consisting with the idea that he nuut eat to keep yp kU 

of the various articles before mentioned ; strength ,* orobably at this time the stcii- 

■Ine tea and coffee ; after which some per- tions of tne stomach are so deficient in 

sons take supper ; there can be no wonder quantity, or defective in quality, as to bn 

at the frequency of the malady, upon which incapable of digesting, in a healthy naa- 

I am tieaiing, when such unnatural habits ner, six ounces of sliment in twenty-fevr 

(if 1 may bs allowed the term) are per- hours : wliat good, then, can arise fioB the 

suted in. p. 78. superfluous quantity ? no benefit of eoane. 

Animal food once a day is certainly "*"' ' great degree ofwuehirfr p. ud. 

suflicient; but such a degree of luxu- Mr. Shipman's book contains many 

nous liring now prevails m the great useful hints; and in some of hiscaset we 

cities, that the young men become think that he is entitled to great credit, 

bloated at thirty. Now, if they have ♦ 

not more command over themselves, 9. ^ utter to Lord Holland on ikeBimim 

ami will not be reformed, we heartily q^Napoleon tn Exile in the 56tk i^nnricr 

wuh, as a smaller evil than perma- qf the Quarterly Beview. aw».«s.56. 

nent Gout or Liver complaints, that r\nTXTrr\x*c • -u * * 

their Medical men woulA put them OPINIONS eonccnimjc the t««. 

upon the harse-meal, an ingenions in- "I^?^ Buonaparte in aHe mil «f|r 

T^tion of Mr. Shipman'., with which ««««•"« .«» j'"' ''K''* '« "^f^ »»!• 

we have been highly delighted. An ft^^^' 't "'"**• . ^L^ ^ «^- 

Englishman*. pa^iie is lii. dinner, ^"^ " » 'l*"'' 5 ^f^ ^'T' "*« • 

witH the wciarhour or two after it '*"?"'"' m* *" ^"?''•^.T^• fj*".fc 

but, as the object of all punishmen r*?*!" '""""' *"/[ dmn erestej. the 

b reform, Mr.Shipman Ihow, how ?'"=?iT i'""!.* I "'vvm "l*?^ 

easily it may be reidered a means of !* ^ **'"?'' ^'",» ^^"^- 'T'TI 

moril punisUent, and pieservation of ^."','? f "ir^^' "".'' r'•»'"'^/"' *^' 

bodily With. ""' »"" Buonaparte himself reoninii 

,,ti ... , , and expected. If, on the other kaad, 

Jl?^ I»««W c«»tom, Mjongrt dinct he is raided as a mere omn of m- 

IT ^ Ijrrj"; • '" "^ i'"^'!? ti°n»» ainbition, exceedinglTdangoMS 

witn their dumer a put or more of fluid, c^ u'--u •!•. . i ^"^ P j 

«Ml perhaps as mucE when the rtput ii ^^^^ ^f" ."™'>»^'7 talents, every wA. 

finished; tCis is very deleterious, and upon ^^^^ ^/. ^^ prosperity of this dt- 

the fi>llowing principle is the objection **^» (which prosperity is mtiBmlely 

founded : a certain fluid before described connected with lUmdepeodeiloe, and of 

(eutrio juice) exists in the stomach, by coone wealth and comroerce»)wni'teea 

which digestion is performed; then u it ^at A system of the ttrietett Mirf^il- 

■ot a natural inference, that when this fluid lance was indiipensable; and that ao 

becomes diluted with a pint of water, or iiuiation could oe so proper for 

any other l-«^— •v- — :-:— -# -.. * .1. ._■_ if.^t. ^i_ 



be so far 

lOfinanee 



mad-dog^ which if he eould not he 

chained. His 



sir, tnai u ma/cm a hon^s meal f—tbt a«i_/ i 1 j i.T^" Z'" 

&et is, were pers^s to fiillow the dictates {f^T*^ "".^^ personal good qualities (for 

of nature, a horse's meal, as it is termed, *!* "*^ T^^ ^*" ^^'S'S? ^ thequca- 

wonld always be made. On taking a sur- ^^"* *°^ bisown satisfacUon COQld not 

vey of the whole of the animal creation, ^ consulted, for that implied extreme 

ve shall not find one species, except man- danger to others. However, he wonid 

luid, thu will dtlak immediately on eat- notriew the subject in its real bearing, 

mgt but will lie down a short time, and and throws obloquy on the meiiiben 

rise for the purpose of drinking." pp. 62, of Government, precisely because they 

^' acted as he himself would have done 



in 



IMB.] RiviBW.— -Atkioioii'fl Keff to ike Laiin Language. 



■ dwir titi»tion» or Sir Sidnrr Smith 
wii ocTcr in the Temple. Opposite 
HMOoiiig merelj means this. Here 
iiaa CKoeedingly able^ and an exceed- 
m(jn daD&cious man ; I use him illi- 
bnul]r» ii from respect for the former 
yilitm I do not allow him the ez- 
mse of the latter. The irriubility 
of the Exile occasioned nothing but 
qovrdling among all the parties con- 
eenicdp and made thiujgs worse. He 
bd acknowledged Louis XV III. only 
M Comni de Lule in all the Courts of 
Enrope, and required repeated ba- 
ushmcnt of him and his family from 
prottction, but was himself cxceed- 
ngly ill used when his own Imperial 
Title was denied to him. With re- 
prd to Sir Hudson Lowe, Napoleon 
was certainly the aggressor, nor could 
uy man of honour ^o cup in hand to 
him after such behaviour, if under any 
circumstances such conduct would 
have been prudent. We wish for Sir 
H'l own sake, that, (under admission 
of Mr. 0'Mi*ara*s statements) he had 
nhibitcd more of the Philosopher; 
but he was not a Quaker, was of free 
niliiary manners, and brutally insult- 
ed, without any means of redress as 
mOflBcer and a Gentleman, aud he 
mmt hare been more than man, had 
he restrained his expressions of indig- 
nation; moreover, as Buonaparte re- 
quired what was utterly impossible, 
viz. a servile compliance wiili all his 
requests, however under the circum- 
tiaaces unreasonable, the situation of 
Sir Hudson was rendered artificially 
arduous and distressing. 

This is our view of the subject. 
The Pamphlet before us is as attack 
Qpofi the Quarterly Review for iu se- 
vere treatment of Mr. 0*Meara. We 
shall not lend our aid to protracting 
the memory of Buonaparte, and blame 
thow who do, because we think it 
faming the embers of faction ; and as 
to BIr. O'Meara, so freely and unre- 
servedly has he spoken of |>ersons, 
that we do not see how he can ex- 
pect any other consequences than those 
which nave ensued. 

10. A Kry lo tke Lttin Language, embrac- 
ing the double o^ect of speedily qualifying 
SlndeiUs to make Latin into English, and 
Enclith into Latin ; and peadiariy lurful 
Is fwng Gentltmen who have neglected or 
fiefoUen iheir Juvenile Instructions, By 
Jafai AtkflwoD. 8tv. j>p> 103. Lsck- 
tSjgtOK stsa Co* 



63 

A VERY useful book for adults ; 
but we must bee to guard our readeri 
agaiiist the modern quackery of pre- 
tending that a man can become a La- 
tin Scholar in a short time. The Gram- 
mar of any language may be soon got 
up, and translations be made l^ meant 
or a Dictionary ; but the power of 
opening a Classick, and construing it 
oif, at si^ht, is not to be obtained with- 
out having acquired the copia verbo- 
rum, very properly taught in infancy, 
when no other faculty, but memory, 
is susceptible of action, and the mind 
and a^ are not mature enough for 
professional studies. Arithmetic suf- 
ficient for ninety-nine persons out of a 
hundred, may be acquired, together 
with Latin, before the age of appren- 
ticeship, aud the error is limitation of 
childrtrn to reading, writing, and sum- 
ming only. The rules in p. Ql. ^e^. 
of this book, we consider very useful 
and j^ood : but the only means of be- 
coming perfect Latinists, and insuring 
a copia verborum speedily, is the con- 
stant practice of making Latin verses. 

11. Essays on the formation and puhUeaiion 
if opinions, and on other suljects. Crown 
Bvo, pp. S84. Hunter. 

FROM what we know of modern 
Phrenology and Physiology, the pe- 
riod is probably not far distant when 
(the association of ideas excepted) all 
the metaphysical science of Locke, 
Reid, &c. will turn out to be an ac- 
tual non-entity. The work before us 
is intended, wc think, as an anauis in 
hcrha, to advocate an unlimited licence 
of propagating opinions, as if opinions 
were not converted into absolute ac- 
tions, when expressed in certain forms 
and with certain intentions, and it 
were possible to permit unlimited li- 
berty of action, for one is just as rea- 
sonable as the other. Though the Au- 
thor docs not always exercise sufficient 
caution against common-place and tru- 
isms, yet he has excellent passages, 
and the whole chapter of practical and 
speculative ability is good : on the con- 
trary, that of the causes and conse- 
quences of individual character is a 
mere tedious query started upon a trite 
fact, viz. " that the Qualities of the 
mind arc hereditary, which they could 
not be, unless they depended, like our 
other qualities, upon corporeal condi- 
tions," a posii'ion adm\TaVA^ WWvt^tj^ 
by reference to xV\t Canai l^\n[\ViJ\^ 



54 RBViBW^—Em^s on Opmiam.'^Tk§ Priai. [Jidy, 

Gieflory's Conipeckut of Theoittic (Father Valeriia) for the otiennb^ 

Meoicine. purpose of restoring him a rigid CS^ 

We shall extract the following ad« thotick to the Countess, and he was to 

dition to Stuart*s explanation, why return, incognito, and not avow him- 

Philosophers are not men of business, self till a favourable moment occarred 

« To this may be added, that the Philo- of converting his father. The rmd 

sopher can feel little interest in many of motive of the Priest was, however^ 

thoae events which occuion fervent emo- to marry the youth to a daughter of 

tion in the minds of ordinary people : and his, a girl of infinite talent, aoeoa« 

Buice to feel an inteiest in any thing is to plishment, and beauty, living in the 

have the ideas excited, and the unagina- Family, disguised as the CountCM^ 

tion awakened, his conveisation will fre- Pagc, and denominated Philip AU 

cioenUy fiiil *n viwci^, because his feel- t^am. The son returns undir the 

mg. a« not roused by a number of m- „^^^ ^^ ^ ^,j ^ g. ^ 

considerable circumstances, about which ^ . . , . ' 1 1 r .u ^ a i 

othm ue wxdly ,Stcui." p. 874. *^"*^'y '» •'» n?**'' f"»'?f.' *»«*»«*• 

^ A "^ commences the fine workmg of th^ 

^ plot, which turns upon the intercomw 

1«. The Priest. 8 vols, ismo. Baldwin between the Son and the Page. The 

and Co. character and conduct of the latter are 

IMAGINATION forms the cs- delineated with inimitable {$enius, nor 

sence of Poetry, vet, with the excep- does the interest cease to mcrease, as 

tion of a few strilcing instances, it has the story proceeds. Her tenderness is 

greatly advanced in Novel - writing, so exquisitely displayed; her wit, live^ 

and been grossly neglected by the liness, and talents, sparkle so richly; 

tuneful tribe. The consequence is, that her dcvotedness is so complete ; that sne 

in the cfibrts of young beginners, wc is an actual Psyche, mistaking, under 

have whole pages of insipid lines, and the cruel punishments of Venus, a 

common-place, or metaphysical ideas, Bishop for the arch and smiling god, 

because the Authors are ignorant that «< Who frames with mirth a gay frntastie 

such matter ought only to be exhibit- round." 

cd by strikinp figures, the method After very nearly vitrifying the stub- 

which can afone distmguish Verse born marble of his religibus character, 

from Essay. If a man was to show by her beauty, she finds that his pas^ 

a pUiniinadorncd meadow for a mo- gions have been deprived of all elasd- 

instead of 
s, like an 

cause it' is in measure, which fs just ihon, ^y\^ her to turn Nun"" kiL 

as rauonal as that any wine must be the disappointed fair one rejecto with 

Champagne, be«use it is put mto a indignation, and in the insanity of her 

Champagne bottle. Now, as Dra- ^ijery stobs him. and then 'henclf.. 

matisu often refer to novels for dieir This u the main of the Tragedy, and 

plots, so we would recommend Poets how supreme a manner it S worked 

to numerous novels for exquisite flights up. can only be known by readins 

of fency, and very beautiful figures: the book. But against the dew^ 

and to none more than the work be- ««u we enter our wlemn protest In 

fore us, which IS unquestionably a the language of the original (ii. S6D1 

book of no common merit. Its tex- "nougin Sirer was tolle found be- 

ture IS of cloth of gold, the embroideiy neath the sun ! she might have bcea 

of exquisite execution, and Uie jew. the very pride, and the joy, and the 

ellerjr as bnliaut as the evening star. hone, an/the life" of her liloved. 

.u"""!? ^ ^* ^/"i '•' ^'^^'^ *>>« "«* a'»'»n<l» with grand PM- 

upon the sad effectt of religious bijo. „ge,. We select the following. *^ 

tij. A Protestant Earl mames a Po- «... , 

pish devotee. They have a son and a " "" ; ■•? •^, ^^1' »•» « » p^rlesa 

daughter. The former is surreptitiously V**^}* ' " »»»*«>»• »•«•«. so tender, so 

con^ away to a College of Jesuists, S!f!!!!!?' 7 •''I''' " 'T'' f^* i' ^ 

in oidS^to b^ immuta% cast, like a ^^ 'fL"'^ J]^.*':'''^ "••::!: 

^. ^ #^ »L I'-i r^ L M. ^t^ piexion, toat one would liave imagined 

Stotue, m a Cathohck form; but the ^oung Joy would hare been enamomid rf 

thing IS so overdone, that he has no Ur, and have made her h» continual home, 

earthly will but for Canonization. But not so. Sorrow conteiU his empire 

This removal abroad, and mode of there, and, I suspect, more than half divides 

Education, was planned by the Priest it. Had you seen her, as I did, with t!ie 



inS-j Bmvimwj^THm PrieHj-^Olher Timet. 55 

Sihnag to-dBy» ymi bad tlunight her who» in the middle ages, visited the 

pale pentiva Angel of Pitr, j«st de- tomb of the Saviour. The hostility 

leoided from Heaven, whilu the dew and of the Saracens to the Christian re- 

tba light of the ilnr Kill beamed on her. ligion, if not caused, was sustained 

Mj cm neirer left her, and I taw the tears by the dissolute conduct of those who 

iiwkle in here, when none elie did ; ud I ^ themselves forward as its moet 

mm th«n gem her loiylMhe.. like dew- J^,^^ ^^^^^j^ The pilgrimages were 

a'^'^:i^i^^^^^ in factthe fairs and^^^^^ 

^^ J «id wh«i my Lord tnm^ to .peak "?'— ^" *^'" subject we cannot now 

I iw ' ■ I 111.' !.•_ nilntf* t hut rpmnrktncr hv tn«> wnv that 



ft 



to ber, a glow luftned her cheek under hit ^'']^^ 5 1>"' remarking by the way, that 
■teee» wUUng to epare him by so lovely ^™ scenes of a descnptive and co- 
ad dateons and kind a deception. I like n\\c character, we find in " Other 
tbt vnaUeaete of eomplexion in woman, Times/' many of a tragic cast, from 
it b die eloquence of the toul ; it ii a trans- which we cannot present our readers 
pwos vail or the thought!, through which with extracts, without impairing the 
tkj show all Iflfvelv and pure, as they may effect of the Romance ; we shall con- 
W, M they fmst be ; for that trantparent tent ourselves with giving tiie follow- 
i«l ef altemate blushes and palenew never j^g account of Old Si. Paufs Church, 
fmkftd might but purity i it teemi to ^s a specimen of the singular pictures 

Mfait, theft no demon could imitate it >n ' 

AeMmeeofgaUt— hu workmanthip would " ?^~ r^" *«? » public way through 

kek elnay and groai, and be msUntly de- *''• ^ <*^ *? thurcb, which was v» 

tRtel** U.41. much frequeuted m the latter part of the 

day. Thote who repaired thitncr did eo 

There are numerous passages full not from feelingn of devotion, but to walk 

H fine as this ; and the work deserves and lounge, to talk of politics and busineee, 

to be placed, though of different cha- and plan the pleasures of the night. Tlie 

ncter, upon the same shelf with the pre»»ure wai commonly so great on the 

Scotch Novels. But we must remind * Walks of Paul's,' that but few females 

the Author of the poor fellow in the yentured there, such excepted whose objeet 

water, calling out for help " I will be *^~ ^ «»W'*^ '^ dissipated of the 

drowned, nobody shall help me ;" for **' ,f Jf*' ,. , . , , ^ ,,..^ 

_ ' t» t^ <i ' ^A * 4— J Hero, those who ventured to onticies 

we ite would frcc^uently used mstcad ^^^ ^^^^^ of Government (a body greedy 

o(should; e.g. in u. p. 3, &c. j^^^^^ -^ „^„ber to those who in thtt 

A way now occupy themselves), &ilednotto 

repair to catch the current reports of the 

13. Other Times ; or^ the Monks of Lea- day. Here came the trader to meet bia 

denhall. By the Author qf the ** Lol- mercantile friend ; and here came the dandy 

krds,*' Sfc of the sixteenth rcntury, to exhibit to the 

THIS Romance exhibits, in a well- •^"j?'*?''' •"'7; ?. "'"'""'!.*• 

^,j ^ , 11 . 1 . u r crowd, the newest fiuhions. Tlie entrancea 

told ule, some excellem sketches of ^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^,, ^^„ ^^^^^^^ 

the manners and customs of our an- with numerous placards, describing the wants 

cestow, with curious views of London .^d wishes of those by whom they were 

as it was in the time of Henry the placed there j the commodities they had to 

Eiehth. sell, or the feats they were competent to 

The Tale begins with the descrip- perform. That they disfigured a splendid 

tifin of a pilgrimage to the shrine of edifice might have l)een objected to them 

Thomas^ Bcx:ket, of Canterbury, where by those who deserved not censure for beinc 

we are introduced to the chict charac- over fastidious ; but this was not regarded, 

ten. The observances of Translation- "d to say the truth, merited not to be 

dav, the 7th of July, on which day it 'fgyded as of moment, when set a^nsC 

raV customary to liisc the hones of ^^« important acccmimoclat.on afforded to 

Becket from the tomb, and display •" *^^"; ^ ^^* ^^""ir"^^ ^J^'l «*'• 
T^ tl Jm * J T»M • * "^ o( general ath-ertiscr. The Royal Exchanira 

ihem 10 the Monks and Pilgrims, arc ^ „^ ^j^^„ ^^ ^^^^j. {^,^,,;^ i. 

not a little remarkable. The mirth, j^^^, j,^ „^ ^^ imagined, tlie diurnal 

jollitj, and uproar, which the author p^„ ^^ „^j been called into existence ; 

•lescnbes, would seem out of their ^n^ it ^in therefore excite little surprise 

places in a solemn pilgrimage; but that this, or tliat any place in London, should 

unfortunately for the re])Utation of have been generally in the crawAed aUSte 

our species, we know that similar dis^ which caused the walks o( Y^uaiVi \o >»« 

ofderj ii«rr common among tiiose called 'the Uud's epitome,' oc ^vXvsVeueT 



56 Rbvibv.— Dr. Booko^i Smiunu I 

if la of GtmI nritein/ which m oddly com- tfaa miokind fai aU ngw ai^ h» 
hined the •ttraetion of an cxchaogo, a play by ao ilhntriooa m iaatwM of 



hoQic, and a daily newapaper." ud onmpaiaion» « to so aad 4m 




But) aa tha generooa AlnMOOr of 

who BOW engagn onr thooghtai novoi 

14. ASermmpreachedintheParishChurch hii left hand to know tha aood wl 

of Dodley, on the Sunday qfler hderment right hand wrought, I thall farbor toi 

rf'the late Right HonourabU William Tm- out of the nnmerons inttancea of hia V 

awn£ Dudley amf Ward. By Luke Booker, munificence with which I an aoqi 

LL.t). Ktcar, Dudley, 29pj>. 12mo. any one act of th'it kind. To yoa» my 

-t^nr^^m i_ r r l hearew, it it unnecesiary. Of maay wm 

IROM the appropriate text of Job ]^^, heard ; though, perhapa, not of aaeh 

XXIX. 11, 12, and 13, the good Vicar gntifyiog moment as lome I could nfMl 

of Dudley preached an excellent Ser- to you. To ourselves his libanlirr mm 

mon on the much-lamented death of unbounded, — regardmg both the IMig 

his natron and friend, the late Viscount and the dead: — the Uving, in pfnamH^ 

Dualey, and which he has printed at whatever might contribute to our w IbH, 

the earnest request of his hearers. This nay «▼« ^ <>"' gmtificatkm; lor «h» 

able Discourse will enable us to en- •domed, with almost nnaquUed havih 

large on the charily of this amiable — ^^^ «^ enjoyment, not hia ^r-^ 

Nobleman, as recorded in our Ma- P^'°^? ^^f y«^' ■™^\'='^/. 2^ 

gazine for May, p.46a. «f-^^ ^.''Z^y :S:'«TlSi1: 



** Did I content myself by mressing my Inducing the inhabitanta to walk 

own gratitude to our departed Friend, every will conduce to their health aa 

individual within these sacred walls would their pleasure.*' — Who largely c 

rise up in accusation against me ; for, who towards the erection of lAu sanctonyi wtA 

is there here, — who, among the thousands afforded space, in the othm^ tar (ha diUn 

of this parish, — nay, 1 may ask, who is of charity ? — > Who ma the t mi iig wa m 

there, in the thickly-peopled district that ground for the buriaT « ow dead, thift thrir 

sorrounds the tomb where he now sleeps, ashes might rest in peace, wliile IjfiBgt •§ Ui 

that has not a grateful fseling of his bene- own now repose, till that awraf tarn 

ficence. All classes venerated him. All come, « when all that are in the gnre 

classes were benefited by him : the wealthy, hear the voice of the Son of Crod, aad 

by beholding in him what a wealthy Steward forth ;" when the ponderous tottbs 

oir Gk>d should be : the necessitous, by par- be broken, and the sea also shall oaafe aal 

taking of his munificence. He was the rich her dead ? Tlien will he stand at the light 

man*s model, and the poor man*s friend, hand of the Redeemer-Judge ; and may «t 

Aged workmen, when tneir strength failed there stand with him, to hnx thu gladdeH- 






were his pensioners of comfort. Disconso- " But Parochial and Individual muaiS- 

late widows, whose wedded partners had cence bounded not the native nnblanaw of 

died in his service, in him found a husband : his spirit. In more than warm tcisiery ife 

orphans in him found a parent. '' He was expanded in generous deeds to Mess, to iatb 

a nther to the poor. Tne blessing of him his Country. Whenever danger threatened 

that was ready to perish came upon him i either it or its King, his loyalty waa boC 

and caused the widow's heart to sing for satisfied with verbal demonstratioaa of eft* 

joy." Many such now hear roe ; and their tachment ; but by furnishing for their db- 

hearts speak in lamentation for their loss ! fence the sinews of martiu strength, he 

** Nor did our Parish and District limit the gave convincing proof of his patriotw darira 

streams of his beneficence. It flowed, in a and determination to live or perish with 

princely expansive tide, through life's valley them. Sensible of the value of the chril 

of tears, to gladden with comfort human and religious privileges which, under Dhriae 

misery, wherever a proper appeal was made Providence, his country enjoys^ ha dacMad 

to his compassion $ and although the extent no price too high, no sacrifice too ooadj to 

of his chaxities will not be known till tliat preserve them. Those proud privU^gca it 

day " when every work will be brought into wu his ardent wish to see flourish unim- 

judgment, with every secret thing, whether paired in his own days, and his farrciit 

it be good or whether it be evil;" yet several prayer that they might be perpetuated till 

interesting cases I could relate, which wouM the end of Time. An admirer of^real libeitf 

not more delight your hearts than tmprovc« himself, he so much desired othera to poe» 

them ; as the knowledge of such acts is sess it uncontaroinated by Licentioiisnasa, or 

teaching humanity by example. Thus He, unfettered by Despotism, that oncey when 

with whose spirit they are accordant, parti- importuned to allow his weighty i nflu e ec e 

cidMuedtbe conduct of the good SamariteD, to be used in cotttralUng the civil fwedam 



R£Vt»w»«>^4fifocUaiMDUJ 



vrntq 



o£t]ikplwe,kt 

ths M^g^wtNMi and, 

thaft he bad oolj to 

known. Co entura « com- 

hfhn mmenMn ftiemU bera» 1m 

pliaib " I believe I have raenv 

Il«dley» but no MMo^ there.*' A 

•bat will hononr hU name, when 

ehall be enunbled into dust.*' 

Prefixed to this Sermon is a striking 
likcoflH of the Viscount. 



57 




■Hhr 




1ft. Jti hukr to the Heraldt* Visitations in 
ik Britiah Mnaenm. Taylor and Hyde, 
CaMBtQarden; ojh/ J. Taylor, Blackfrun. 

THIS little tract will be found very 
melal to genealogists and antiquaries, 
9$ it fonas a convenient and exact re- 
ftreooe to the Heralds' Visitations in 
the British Museum. Many of our 
iridcri must be aware that *' to con- 
ult any particular Visitation, it was 
to examine each reference 



c^ven in the Indexes to the different 
Catidoeues; hence the enquirer was 
obIijp;trd to make many searches in 8e\'e« 
ral folio vohimcs, before he could dis- 
cover which mnnusefipt contained the 
information which he required." This 
inconvenience it was the Compiler's 
object to remove, by forming an mdex 
to all the Visitations according to their 
dates, specifying by whom taken, and 
])Iacing the references under each 
County in alphabetical order. To these 
are added references to such other MSS. 
as contain pedigrees of families in that 
particular County. At the end are 
two tables, the one shewing the dates 
of all the Heralds* Visitations, mark* 
ing those of which there arc not copies 
in the Museum ; and the other con- 
taining a numerical index to the MSS. 
noticed in the preceding part as *' Visi- 
titions." Such of the manuscripts as 
are original Visitations are particularly 
pointed out. 



Ifii Mr. Moon's Easy Introduction to 
fflbnf rr—f^ baa many improvements ; the 
chie( we ihinlcy that which relatea to words 
*'^gF^t*g with vowels. Ilie idea too of 
AjcrinuBating the letters which have tiuiilar 
weiA, by the aame characten, extended or 
lUvevblcd, it ingenious and good ; but the 
£ficahy wiih regard to Short Hand, is not 
vritii^ but reading it; and Mr. Moon's 
ifphafact consists of characters scarcely dts- 
tiagnishable. Our own opinions of the im- 
inoiCBient oi Short Hand are these : that 
feaaj initial syllables, as cvn, dis, j^c. may 
be eimessed by a slight character ; that in 
poljiyBabic words, the concluding; ludf of 
then may be left out; and that i/ou, he, 
tkOfVhicht Aore, are, &c. i.e. the pronuuui, 
pfpoiitions, and auxiliary verbs, may be 
npressed by the simplest arbicrarics, to 
vnieh pans of speed), we think, that they 
oj«Kt to be limited. 

17. The Negro Slavery f and appeal on 
lri.aif of Negro Staves, imply ming nothing. 
W« do not entertain a douU, but that in- 
gniioua mechanists, by mere steam and 
■acbinery, cuuld manage tlie whole culture 
of a plantation, with very trifling aid from 
hnds ; and we do not like political appeals 
to feeling, till efforts to remove the evil by 
coDtrivance have proved successless. Why 
^■BplaiD of imol^ chimnics? cure them. 
letm Abolitionists make some experiments 
St hnBC, applicable to every process of 
West Indian cnltivation; let the trial be 
nisatd abroed ; and the planter will soon 
find it bis interest to decline slave-workt 

Givr. Wao, Ju/y, 1SS3, 

8 



18. Mr. Parker's Jesuits unmasked^ 
only proves a well-known truth, that P^ista 
have an unbounded rage for proselytism ; 
but we would rather see it checked l^ edu- 
cation and the press, tlian by law. 

19. Mr. John Milton's London Apia* 
rian Guide is very useful to those who cul- 
tivate this ingenious and valuable insect. 
But box hives and gUtss hives only exlilbit a 
busy mob ; the bc<c pUn consists (as in p. 
\d) in having the hives well peopled, com- 
pletely sheltered from wet, aad taking the 
lioney without murder. 

20. Mr. Bowring's Details of his ylr- 
rest, Imprisonment, i|'f. show tlie imperfec- 
tion of French freedom, for the advocate 
consulted on the occasion by order of Mr. 
Canning, says, (see p. 128) ** tlrnt in his 
private opinion, the liberty of individuals in 
France, requires other securities than those 
which exist." In short, there is no Uaiias 
Corpus Act to protect the prisoner from in- 
definite detention. 



21. Wine and Ifatnuts consist. of a col- 
lection of Essays which liave all apjieared in 
a cotcmporary pubKcation. They profess 
to be the after-dinner chit-chat of several 
eminent characters ; but from the levity and 
nonsense frequently introduced, we cotild 
scarcely think them worth reprinting. 

22. T\\e Por/JbHo is a neat little volume, 
intended to form a graphical and literary 
cabinet. It comprises several highly-finished 
engravings by Messrs. J, and S. Storet, ftowv 



58 



MisceUan^ui Reviewi.'^Literanf InieUlgtnce. 



CJidir. 



Antiquinan and Architeetunl Subjedtt ac- 
compMiied by brief descriptions. 

93. Mr- William Gkay's Rememlraiue, 
and other PoenUf sbows a younf; man uf good 
principles and benevolent babits, wbo sin- 
cerely loves bis &mUy and friends, and vents 
his amiable feelings in pleasing verse. Sin- 
gularly enougb, there is no love gingerbread 
among them. — 

fi4. Mr. Thackbray's Observations on 
the Pamphletf entitled, <* Remarks on the 
Consumption qf PulHe Wealth by the Clergy 
of eotry Christian NaUon," very properly 
eiqposea the absurdities of the barbarian au- 
thor of such folly, as tliat of tbinkiug the 
wealth of a nation can possibly be prevented 



froni being dispersed among the ponulatiaBt 
or that tab deigy are more nationally iii)iirU 
ous than other landlords in a pecuniarj view. 
Otlier parts of Mr. Thackeray's panpUal 
we have adverted to in our Review oi dw 
<* Opinions as to the real State of the 
Nation ;" see Put. I. pp. 388, 445. 

25. Of Abaddon, a cheap tract pnhliahed 
in exposure of Carlile*s adherents, we wnh 
to decline saying more, than that we thiid[- 
it is either a mask for aiding his cause, or 
the work of an imprudent friend, *' who 
proves too much." Carlile's offence is one of 
a criminal kind ; and best consigned to the 
law, because it is an attempt to assasuMte 
Christianity, morals, reason, and civilintioa. 



LITERATURE, SCIENCE, &c. 



Cambridge, Jutw. 27. — The annual prizes 
of 6fkeen guineas each, given by tlie Repre- 
sentatives in Parliament of this University, 
for the best dissertations in Latin prose, 
were on Monday last adjudged as follows : 

Senior Bachelors : *' Qucenara sunt 
Ecclesise Lcgibus stabilitae Bencficia et qu& 
Rationo maxima promovenda?" Alfred 01- 
livant, B. A. Trinity College. — No second 
prize adjudged. 

MiBDLE Bachelors : '< Qui Fructus His- 
torise Ecclesiasticae Studiosis porcipicndi 
sunt?" Charles Edward Kennaway, B. A. 
St. John's College ; George Long, B. A. 
Trinity College. 

The Porson Prize for tlie liest translation 
of a passage from Sliaksi)care into Greek 
verse, was on Monday last adjudged to Ben- 
jamin Hall Kennedy, of St. John's College. 

Subject : — Henry VIII. Act v. Scene (i, 
beginning with ** This Royal Infant," and 
ending with " And so stand fix'd." 

Juty 9. — ^Tliis being Commencement Day, 
the following Doctors were created : 

In Divinity. — The Very Rev. William 
Cockbum, of St. John's College, Dean of 
York, (ty proryj ; the Very Rev. Thomas 
Calvert, of St. John's College, Norrisian 
Professor of Divinity, and Waiden of Christ 
College, Manchester; Rev. Wm. Lowfield 
Fancourt, of Clare Hall, Master of St. Sa- 
viour's Grammar School, Southwark; Rev. Sa- 
muel Bennett, of St. Peter's College, Chi^ilain 
of the Penitentiary, Milbank. Westminster, 
Rector of Walton on the Hill, Surrey, and 
Chaplain in Ordinary to H. R. H. the Duke 
of Siusex ; Rev.Thomss Phillips, of Queen's 
College, Master of the Academy at Whit- 
church, Herefordshire. 

In CivU /^w— Robert Wardell, of Tri- 
nity College ; East George Clayton, of Caius 
College. 

In physic. — Courthorpe Sims, of Trinity 
College. 

Winchester, Ju/v 10. — TliIs evening the 



annual election commenced at Winchestff 
College. The electors were received at the 
College ^tes at about 7 o'clock, by the 
Warden, Vice Warden, and Dr. Gabell, when 
an elegant Latin Oraticm was delivorad at 
the entrance of the middle gate, by Mr.Tre- 
menheere. 

July 1 1 . — His Majesty's gold and iOver 
medals were adjudged as follow : 

Latin prose, '< Virorum illustrinm miniaa 
quoeque vitia statim in oculos nominum itt- 
currunt." Mr. Henry Davidson i a Gold M«l. 

English verse, " 'Hie death of Ladv JaM 
Grey." Mr. Hugh Seymour TremenDeeret 
a Gold Medal. 

*< Hannibalis ad Scipionom de paco oratia" 
Mr. Henry Le Mcsurior ; a Silver Medal. 

The Speech of " Titus Quinctius to the 
Romans, when the iEqui and Volsci wero 
ravaging their territory to the very ntaa of 
the citv." Mr. James Corry ConneUan i a 
Silver Medal. _— 

Ready for Publication, 

Mr. Britton's *< Graphic and Litenty 
Illustrations of FonthUl Abbey." Beaidea 
twelve engravings, it will contain eight Ge- 
nealogical Tables of the Beckfbrd &iiu]y» 
drawn up by Mr. Beltz ; and particular de- 
scriptions of the buildings, scenery, &c. 

llie first Number of Mr. Britton'i 
« History and Illustrations of Wells Cathe- 
dral." Three more Numbers, containing 
S3 engravings in the whole, will completi 
that Cathedral. We understand that Mr. 
Britton intends to visit Exeter Cathedral thit 
summer, for the purpose of surveyings and 
bavins drawmgs made of that intereitiiig 
Church. 

A concise Description of the J&iglish 
Lakes, and the Mountains in their vicinitji 
with remarks on the Mineralogy and Geo- 
logy of the District. By Jonathan Otlbt. 

A Dissertation on the Fall. By the Rev. 
Geo. Holi)en,M.A. of Halshall, Lancashire.- 

A new Edition of the Sermons of Mr. 

Vi oixVuns^Ain, 



1893.] 



Literaturt and Science. 



59 



Worthiagtmij noticed in p. US, with thne 

iMitioml Seimoni. 
Thn Fanner*! Direetofy. Bjr Leonard 

Towns. 
Flon DflOMtiee* m the Portable Flower- 

Gaidcn i with Directiong £ot the Treetment 

of PliaU in PoUy and lUustntions from the 

Wofka of the Poets. 

JoHrael of a Tour in France, m the Years 

1816* smI 1817. By Francis Jahs Carry. 
The Italien School of Desiffu (containing 

84 Rates); being a Series ofFac-simiies 5 

Original Drawings, by the most eminent 

Painters and Scolptors of Italy ; with Bio- 

gnphical Notices of the Artists, and Obser- 

vatums on their Works. By William 

YouwG Onur, Esq. 

Spedmeas of British Poetry, chiefly se* 

Iccted froBB Anthers of high celebrity ; and 

iaterspcncd with Originu Writings. By 

EuzABRTH Scott. 
The Yoathfnl Travellers ; or, Letters 

cbieAj de scri ptive of Scenes visited by some 

Yeeng People during a Summer's EsGiirsion. 

P t si gn e d na Examples of the Epistolary 

Sijle lor Children. 
A Translation of " Les Hermites en 

Prison." Bj Mons. Joor. 

The Berwick New and Improved (General 
Gazetteer. 
Flvto I. to III. of a New Geogn^hical 

Dictieoary. By J. W. Clarke, Esq. 

Natvslist'a Hepoaitory, or Monthly Mu- 
ccUany of Exotic Natural History. An 
Order in the Cooncil of the Linnean Society 
lies been ieiely neased, by which Mr. Dono- 
van will be alliiwcti to enrich his New 
M'lDtitly Wurk, the ** Naturali&t's Keposi- 
t'^,'* with the I cones of those clioico and 
trnr Uraatiful s^iecies of the I'liittacus aud 
ColumUa Tribe, which are described in the 
Thirtrcnth Vuluoie of the Linnspao Trans- 
ictluns ; the greater part of which, if not 
the whole, are of such rarity, as to be found 
only in tlie Museum of the Linnean Society. 
It may be further added, that the Entomolo- 
Cical Papers, by the Rev. Mr. Kirdy, in 
Liaa. Trana. Vtd. 19, p. 2, will also, by the 
^rmiision and fiivour of tlieir author, re- 
ctite the advantage of some further elucida- 
t^mof tlie same nature in this new puhli- 
catjoo. The Ornithological Memoir on the 
Bink discovered in tlic late Northern Expe- 
(tititjo, iiiserted in Limi. Trans, vol. 12, 
■ad that in the Narrative of tlie Expedition 
pidiluhed by authori^, will likewise engage 
■Uraiion in some future numbers. 

The scienti6c developement of the true 
daracters of the ambiguous object which 
ktdy attrarted much of the public notice 
sadsr the title of the '* Mermaid'* is at 
pMia, and will amiear very shortly. This 
n»i ncDtioned aAide is expected to prove 
•^ more than usual intere:>t, ab it will eom- 
^Ar. amnn;: other informniion, bome trait* 
"f Natural History upon ihib curious s^uhjcct 
i%.a^itd by Piuie»>ur Thuuberg, the tra- 



veller, and anceessor of linnssos to the 
Chair of Upsal, and by his pupil Dr. Sntt- 
ner, from the books extant in Japan and 
China, in the respective langnages of those 
Countries ; authorities at this timey it is to 
be believed, exdosively in the possesaioa of 
the Proprietors, and which it u pneumed 
may be altogether unknown to any of the 
European Naturalists. 

An Illustration of the Architecture and 
Sculpture of the Cathedral Chureh of Wor- 
cester, on twelve plates, each 10 by IS 
inches, carefully engraved in the line man- 
ner from drawings bv C Wild, and aooom- 
paned by an faistorica! and descriptive acconal 
of the Fabric 

Preparing fir PublieatUm, 

An Hutorical, Antiquarian, and Topo- 
graphical Account of the ancient and pie- 
sent state of the Parish of Lambeth, in the 
County of Surrey i accompanied with a cor- 
rect Map of the Parish, and about one hun- 
dred Engravings, executed in a bold and 
masterly style, from Original Drawings made 
expressly for the Work. 

n«nF?iv*ifiMr, or Calendar of the Anti- 
quities, Natural History, and Aitronomieal 
Observations of each Day in the Year. 

A FourUi Series of Sermons, in ManOr 
script type, on characters from Scripture, 
for the use of tlie younger Clergy, and 
candidates for Holy Orders. By the Rev. R. 
Warner, Rector of Great Chaliield, Wllta. 

Memoirs of the Court of Louis XIV. and 
of the Regency ; extracted from the Ger- 
man Correspondence of Madame Eliiabeth 
Charlotte Duchess of Orleans, Mother of 
the Ke;;cnt. Preceded by a Biographical 
notice of that Princess ; and with Notes. 

Memoirs of Mrs. £lizabcth-Anne Ulyat, 
of Sutton St. Nicholas, Lincolnshire. By 

T. KOGKRS. 

Travels tlirough ^mrts of the United States 
and Canaila, in luiR and 1819* By John 

MORISUN DUN'CAN, A. B. 

AdrostUH, a Tragedy, with Ammbel, or 
the Cornish Lover, a Metrical Tale, foundetl 
on fact, and other Poems. By R. C. Dal- 
las, Esq, 

The 7th Edition of Mr. Fanman's Ac- 
count of the INiblic Funds, with considerable 
a/lditions. The Work has been completely 
re-modelled. 

Antiquities in France. 
It is well known that Aries is one of the 
cities in Franco the ricliest in antiquitie:*, 
and nothing is more ct-'lebrntcd than its 
Amphilhciitre, which, notwithstniidiii^ its 
neglected state, still excites the admiration 
of all travellers who visit tho South. It 
was very reasonably sup|>osrd that in its 
ne if;hbourh<M)d must br btirird a ^rent num- 
ber of the Maliies with which the Roman 
theatri's wfio dfcoiatcl. The ni.i^ist'' 
have thou;;ht fit, fur the bake of the 



60 Literature and Science. CJolyt 



Artf, to hiTt the ground tamed up, and ihe far oiP. Tbu wIH bt tht tUrd 

fbUowing ue some puiiciiUn of the reralty from the ruins of this eacieiit TheMre : thit 

which seem to be worth making Imown. of Venus was found in 1959 ; that of Jnte 

The strictest orders were given that the in 1788. It may be conjectured Aat nun 

operations should be so carried on as not to fine statues ornamented the atiga. Tht 

injure the buildings on the spot that was to head just found exceeds by fi^ lam tfas 

be explored. Hiis made it necessary to keep Venus of Aries. 

Bt a distance of from four or five metres Bilzoni. 

from the frqade of the Theatre, which b Our readers may KcoUeet» that ia die 

probably rich in architecture. On the other description we cave some three montha egOy 

nand, most of the houses are built ou the of the lid of the granite sarcophagos, pn- 

part where the actors appeared, and where aented to the Fitzwilliam Mnsevm by 0fr. 

the fragments of the fine ornaments of the Belzoni, we alluded to the perilova Jooney 



stage may be supposed to be buried. How- which that enterprising traveller waa i 

ever, the trenches which have been opened to imdertake. We have latebr been ftn 

in the street of Uie Old College, and which with an extract of a letter of his* dated the 

follow the direction of it, approach at length 5th of May, at Fez, the capital of Mfiioeeo» 

this interesting part of the edifice. to a gentleman in this umversity. We an 



At the *depth of three metres (about three happy to find, that Mr. Belzoni haa 

yards,) masses of stone were found, which menced his undertaking with &voarabk , 

were recc^ized to be the circular steps that pices, and we most sincerely hope that be 

snrrounded the orchestra ; and one metre may be enabled to aeeomplish his plan of 

lower there was a sepulchral lamp. Af^r traversing the great breaoth of Afirica. If 

these steps a pavement was discovered of he should succeed In thu Hercnleaa taAf 

white marble slightly veined with blue. In ' Nee vero Alcides tantum telliiria ofaivh»' 

a second trench were found several pieces of he will leave the labours of all former tnnth 

Fsrian marble, among which were fragments lers at an immeasurable distanee. We m- 

of a fluted column, a detached piece of a derstand that his design u first to 



Corinthian capital, and the left breast of a Tirobuctoo, and from thenee conli m ia hb 
'dr^>ed statue. At this point they dug to route throogh the heart of Afirica to '" 



the depth of five metres and a half, that is He will then pass through Nubia, and arriva 

to say, twenty-five centimetres below the once more in the land of Egypt* the aeoM 

■ancient level of the Hieatre. of hb memorable discoveries. Tbe Ibllov- 

The third trench has laid open a stone \ne is the extract which we have 



bench fifty centimetres broad, covered with mitted to copy : 

eement, and which seems to mark the sepa- « In the short letter I wrote to rcn fima 

ratitm of the proscenium and the orchestra. Tangier, dated the 10th of April, I informed 

Towards the middle there was a bas-relief of you tliat I had gained permission from hb 

white marble resting on a socle. The sub- Majesty the Emperor of Morocco, to eater 

lect of thb bas-relief b Apollo, seated, with his country as nr as Fez, and that I had 

hb left arm resting on his lyre, having in great hopes of obtaining hb permbakMi to 

his right hand the tripod which was con- penetrate fiutber south. I stated aho» aol^ 

secrated to biro at Delphi. On each of the %rithstandlng the great charges on my pafaei 

projections to the right and left there b a unsupported as I am, and reiving enHntm ea 

laurel. In the latersl part, to the lef^ is my oum resources, that nothing shoald be 

Manyas suspended by tne arms to an oak, left undone before I quitted my attempt* I 

to which a double flute is also hanging ; the have now great pleasure in acqaaintlag TOOy 

Bufferer b covered with a lion'a skin fiutened my dear friend, of my safe arrival at ni| 

across tbe breast. The right of the bas-re- after having been detained at Taiuner till a 

lief represents the young Scythian sharpen- letter had been forwarded from Mr. rKniglBit 

lag the instrument of punbhment command- hb Britannic Majesty's Consul at Taa^tTf 

ed by the god of harmony. The following to the Minister at Fez, to obtain permiasioa 

day, at a small distance, and just opposite, from the Emperor for me to approach hb 

a very fine head of a statue was found, with capital. As soon as a favourable answer «M 

the neck and part of tlie breast to the uH- received, we started from this place, and in 

gin of the left arm attached. It is easy to ten days arrived here in safety, with my le^ 

see that both the marble and the workman- ter half, who, having succeeded in peiaaad- 

ahip are Greek. Except the mutilation of ing me to take her as far as Tangier, baa 

the nose, which b not irreparable, the whole also infbroed her influence to p ffocea d to 

b in an astonbhing state of preservation. Fez; but thb, though much against hm 

There b no emblem, no attribute to indicate will, must be her Non plus vlinu Y« 



the name of thb beautifol statue ; hut the day I had the honour to be p re sen ted to hb 
dignity of the countenance, the expression Majesty the Emperor, and was highly gild* 



ofthe eyes snd the mouth, the serene beauty fied with hb reception <^ me. He a 
of tlie features, lead to the sunptwition that ouaiuied that I had letters of introdoctioa 
It must rejiroscnt the chaste Diana. It is from Mr. Wilmot, to the Consul in Tangier* 
lioped that the renuuudcr of tlw body is not from whoof I received indeed the greatest 

hospitality. 



1833.] 



Lkteralure and Science. 



61 




kMpildity, •ad who dU til Sn Ui powtr to 
ta my wubci. Hie fbrtnmte ciretun- 
of my haTiog knowD the Prime Mi- 

of hn Maiesty, whilst in Ouroy on 

hit ratim from Mecca to this country, is 
riM much In my &Toor ; end though a great 
deal has been said against ny project by the 
commefdal party, particularly by the Jews 
of dtts eountry, who monopolize all the 
tvaffie ef the interior, I obtained his Majes- 
^s peiDUsaion to join the cannm, which 
viBaeft oat fbrTimboctoo within one month. 
If aoduiic should happen, and if promises 
■t hqit, 1 shall from this place cross the 
Mrtahis of Atlas toTaflet, where we shall 
Jeio other parties from Tarious quarters, and 
from tbeoce, with the help of God, we shall 
cnlv the great Sahara to limbuctoo. Should 
Isaceeed in my attempt, I shall add another 
* 9tiif4aHei' to the Temple of Fortune; 
md if, OB the contrary, my project should 
fcily one more name will be added to the 
others which have fiUlen into the 
of Oblivion. Mrs. Belzoni will re- 
al Fei till she hears of my departure 
■im Taflet, which place b eighteen or 
tot^y dajsT journey nrom hence *, and as 
■■ that met u ascertained she will re- 

We sholT look fi>rward with much anxiety 
te the fitture accounu which may arrive 
from this mdefttigable traveller, and if sue- 
esm can be expected in so diflScult and dan- 
gtnns a project, we may fiurly say that it 
will at t sad on one who is in every respect 
■Oft qualified for the attempt. 

Cambridge Chronicle. 

Cumft CoLUMif OP TBc Roman Empire. 

Ame, June I . — Our antiquaries are quite 
eacfaanted with the discoveries which are 
■sking in the Forum, and tliey expect others 
ef Bioch greater importance in consequence 
ef the excavations projected in the same 
plsee. The first military column, the centra 
of the Roman empire, which has been so 
loBg sought after, is now found. The cele- 
kttsd Ai^i6 Fea, who directs these re- 
wwhes, and whose learned eve penetrates 
the accumulated ruins and earth wnich cover 
ddi theatre of ancient Roman magnificence, 
pvosuses treasures to the lovers of antiquity. 
If, as it is said to be intended, the Forum 
shoald be entirely cleared, it would present 
a scene calculate! to astonbh the imagine- 



Etymology. 
In a work on the origin of Runic writing, 
neentJy published at Copenhagen, the au- 
thor, M. Bnxdorl^ traces the sources of the 
Baaic writii^ of the ancient Scandinavians 
ii the MoBsogothic alphabet of Ulphilas. 
M. Bnttmann, one of the members of the 
Beynl Academy of Sciences at Berlin, has 
wfittan a peper on the word Minym. He 



' TaaHuJ40mJk$tou$ltofFex, 



•lamines why the Aigonants wwe eaOed 
Minynj and contends tliat that word was 
never the name of a people. According to 
him it designated a kind of mytholcciey 
-nobility, and was derived firom the East. 
Menu is, among the Indians, the fiither of 
the human race. He appears afldn in 
Egypt, where he is called Men, or M^nas. 
He is again seen in the ilf inor of the Cretans, 
the Manh of the Lydians, the Mmmui of 
the Germans, and in the word Mana, The 
same subject has engaged the attention of 
M. Neumann, of Grottingen, who howe?«r» 
in a sketch of the history of Crete, main- 
tains that the resemblance in sound of the 
Indian Menu to the Cretan Minot, is hr 
from indicating any analogy between the 
lustitutions of Indm and Crete, which in 
fiict were essentially different. A brief Es- 
say on the Celtic Language by Julius Leicht- 
len, Uie Keeper of the Arehives at Fribourg, 
and in which he examines the four words, 
Briga, Magus, Durum, and jleum, which 
form the termination of a numljcr of Celtic 
nouns, concludes thus : '* I am tired of 
always hearing the Romans quoted when the 
commencement of our civilizatiim is spoken 
of J while nothing is said of our obligations 
to the Celta. It was not the Latins, it was 
the Gads who were our first instructors.*' 

The Diamond. 
A letter from New York, dated June 9, 
says, ** If the long-sought-for philosopher's 
stone, by which baser substances could be 
transmuted into gold, has not yet been 
found, an invention of still greater im- 
portance has at length crowned the efforts 
of American chemists. It has long been 
known that the diamond, the most precious 
of all substances, is composed of carbon in 
its pure state. Hut although the powere of 
chemical analysis have been ^ sufficient by 
repeated experiments clearly to estaUuQ 
this fact, yet the knowledge of it was of no 
practical importance to ttie world, because 
the powers of synthesis &iled, and no mode 
had been devised of imitatine nature by 
uniting the constituents of tnis precious 
gem. In other words, the philosopher was 
able to convert diamonds into carbon, but 
he was ignorant of the art of converting 
carbon into diamonds. If the experiments 
of Professor Silliman can be relied on, this 
desideratum has in part been supplied. The 
last Number of his Journal of Science con- 
tains an article on the philosophical Instru- 
ment called Deflu^rator, invented by Pro- 
fessor Hare, of Philadelphia, by which it 
^pears that charcoal, ulumbago, and anthre- 
cite, have been fused by the power of tlua 
instrument, and transmuted into disown^" 

Russian Literatorb. 

In the Department of Foreign Affairs of 
Russia, an establishment Vs {otme^ lot ^^ 
study of the Oriental Un^ua^ei, \fi oit^ \a 
educate young men Vq »u^ ia \uVeTVt«X«i« >» 



03 LUerature and Science, V^^» 

Diplomatic Mimioim in the East. The nj name for a feir nineM at Mr. Hogeith't 
number of ittidents ia 6xed at tweotj. Pro- request^ and aa hit friend; hot now ha 



ivNort Demangei and Charmoj, both pnpilb itill go to another friendt and then to aa^ 

of the celebrated SiWettre de Sacy, are ther : to bow many muat he atill appi j hefen 

placed at the head of this new establiahmenty he gets a sufficient number ? This ia imr 

with a salary of 6000 rubles. hegginff ; and should such a man aa Hc^gHlIb 



be suffered to beg ? Am I not his firioid^ 

Sale qf Gakricx's Pietura, The result was, that he instantly tmaid 

June 28. The echoes of Mr. Christie's backy and purchased those fine nictiins at 

hammer (heard during the recent sale of the price of 900 guineas, whicn the artin 

the magnificent collection of pictures, re- himself had fixed." — Hoearth's principal d^ 

corded in our Ust Number*) had hardlv Ject in painting them, like his other niit 

died away, when they were cdled into liu works, wu for thepurpose of copyiqs Smm 

min by the sale of the collection now by engravings. Tney were pubnahed hf 

about to be described : a collection which subscription at two guineas the set. For dtt 

was chiefly indebted to << the magic of a first plate of the £lection Entertainmealjf 

name" for its successful dispersion :^-and he had 461 subscribers, at 10s. 6ii.i andftr 

tliatnamewasGiRRiCK—aname which stands, the three others only 165 aubscribexsi m 

and will fior ever stand, deservedly high. Hb that there were 896 namea to the fint* who 

genius waa as univerMtl in actingf , as waa did not subscribe to the other three. WIhI 

Shakspeare's in writing. And besides, Oarrick price the distinguished purchaser haa givn 

mixed with the learned and the fiwhionable for them, the subjoined list will reeonL 

world. He was, moreover, a man of wit, of Mr. Soane has a very extntordinanr gnphia 

taste, and of superior intellectual parts, cabinet i and boasts, moreover, iritoJiMlioi^ 

He did wonders for his profession. Ho- of the possession of that moat a«lb% 

garth's four pictures of toe Entertainment emphatic display of the pictorial art, tfai 

to the Electors and their Wives (which was Rake's Progress, by the same painter. T1» 

considered by the Painter aa the first of the moral, there, is terrifically impresaieti 

aet), the Canvass, the Poll, and the Chairing, But, in the Election series, we think that 

formed tlie great attraction ; they were in are very manv disgusting, if not depitved 

fact the lions of the collection. exhibitions of human nature, whidi ni^tt 

The following anecdote of the mode by have been avoided, with no great dimimitiOB 

which Garrick hecame possessed of these of the excellence of the composition. Still, 

famous pictures, has been vouched as ge- as a pure and uninjured specimen i^ the 

nuine : ** When Hogarth had finished them, pencil of Hogarth, this set is probably ni- 

lie went to Garrick, with whom he was on estimable. The colouring is mellow and per* 

very intimate terms, and told him he liad feet, especially in the Feast ; but the oot-of- 

completcd them ; adding, * It does not ap- duor scenery of the Chairing, is a great 

I Mar likely that I shall find a purchaser, as favourite witli us. These pictures dismay a 

value them at two hundred guineas ; I wonderful knowledge of humau nature t the 



therefore intend to dispose of them by a PiUl, however, is almost too painful to 

raffle among my friends, and 1 hope you will template, line man, with an iron hook to 

{>ut down your name.' Garrick told him a wtKiden arm, fixed on the Testament, in 

le would cimsider of it, and call on him the the act of taking an oatli, is groteaque and 

next day. He accordingly did so, and hav- humorous ; but the impotent, andjparalytie^ 

ing conversed with Hogarth for some time, and palsied, are not fit subjects fur aatlra. 



put down his name for five or ten guineas. Human nature, in such situations, can 

and took his leave. He had scarcely got provoke laughter, but must excite comn^ 

into the street, when (as Mrs. Garrick, from aeration. However, by becoming matter ei 

whom th^ story is derived, stated) he began this series, Mr. Soane lu» evinced a gallantly 

a soliloquy to the following effect : * V^Hnat of spirit which places him among the aidat 

liave I been doing ? I have just put down prominent virtuosi of the day. 

• Tlie Collection of George Watson Taylor, esq. M. P. Sec Part I. p. 546. 

i* A powerful anecdote is told of his histrionic ulents, which we believe to be not gene- 
rally known. In acting Kiuf: Lear, he once — on advancing to the front of the iitaicc in 
the delineated jwroxysm of agony, liail the misfortune to imll his wig on one side, showing 
his own dark hair l)eneath the grey locks of the peruke. With any other man, this acdienl 
would have been htsX — in exciting the general laughter of the house. With Garrick, it 
had no such effect. Men's eyes were fixed on his expressive countenance, and their 
bosoms were rent by the heart-thrilling tones of his voice. The wig was forg(»tten. 

X Tliis matchless performance, for composition, character, and clearness of tone, ia not 




^Mfth, " voi, UL p. 81. 



ins.] LiUraiwrt and Science. GS 



Moir to MMM of tfaa move iBteretting whole-Ieiigth PortnuU of Artbtt : the Well 

eiliciBi in Um Catelogiie : U hung with Plctarety es ■pecimciu of the 

HoaAVTH. Hie Tsry celebnted act of styles of different Flemish reinters. Some 

bar Boctaon sol^jects ; vis. the Election excellent judges have considered this Pic- 

FeBst»theCuivaM,the Poll, and the Guuringy tune to be painted by Gonzales. — [57/. IM. 

■CHatiBg an •dmiraUe display oi this great Mr. Chi^man.] 

fbotfcr'a taloBt for delineating Characters, Marlow. A View of London and Block- 
ad lor kaea satire ; thev are painted with friars Bridge, early Morning Scene. — 
lawdd^ and ■grecable fireshness of tone. [14/. I As, Mr. Lambton.} 
— ri73lL I OS. This lot was purchased by Do. A View of Westminster Bridge* 
John Sone» Esq. R. A. with a spirit worthy Evening Scene, theCompanion.-^[l4/. 14«. 
and taste J Mr. Lambton.] 



Jh, Portnit of Mr. Garrick seated at Zoffany. Portraiu of Mr. Garrick and 

Ibi WritiDgHtahk, composing his Prologue Mrs. Gibber in the characters of Jaffier and 

IsThM; and of Mrs. Garrick behind, in- Belvidere. — [96/. 6s. Mr. Lambton.] 

israplaig him in his reverie*, painted icith Do. Mr. Garrick in the Farmer's Re- 

m^ bidk mid spirit. — [75/. lU. Mr. turn, the Companion. — [83/. 19«. Du.] 

LedWy of Greenwich Hospital.1 . Do. Portrait of Mrs. Garrick witli a 

— Portnit of Sir Gecnge Hay, LL.D. Mask.— [S3/. 35. Mrs. Carr.] 

Jedn of dm Conrt of Adminltyt. [6/.] Hayman. Portrait of Mr. Garrick, when 

Hoguth. Sketch of the Happy Mar- young, and of Mr. Wyndham, seated at their 

nnld^~{7L 7s. Mr. Fonnany ox the Adel- ease in a Landscape. — [19/. Is, 6d. Norton.] 

iMTcmeo.] Wuotton. A whole-length Portrait c^ 



Do. Satan, Sin, and Death (.—[7/. 7s. Mr. Wyndham, in a Military Polish Dress. 
Nr.Foman.] ^fs/. Mr. Cord.] 



Do. Fabtaffenlistinc his Recruits II, and Lambert. A Mountainous Landscape, 

a sbbB Poftmit of a Lap Dog. — [46/. 4s. with Buildings, a Lake, and Figures painted 

BIr. Cord.] with clearness, and in very elegant taste.— 

~' ' Forrest. A View of Pall MaD, [16/. Do.] 



iitht ftatt it was in, in the year 1450, a Zoffsny. A small whole-length Portrait 
my carmu mtUqtianan drawing, tinted.—' of Mr. Garrick in the cliaracter of Lord 



[tf. l&t. Earl of Essex.] Chalkstone.— [9 1 /. 1 Of. 6d. Mr. Wansey.] 
Boili. A Landscape, very spirited and Do. Do. of Mr. Garrick, in the charac- 

>he^9SL lis. Mr. Rutler.] ter of Sir John Brute.— [12/. I2s. Earl of 

Tilborg. Interior of an Apartment with Essex.] 

* This picture has not been engraved. It is thus described by Cliancellor Hoadly in a 
letter to Dr. Warton : " Hucarth has got into Portraits ; and has his hands full of busi- 
acsst and at an high price. He has almost finished a most noble one of our spriglitly friend 
Darid Garrick and his Wife : they are a fine contrast. David is sitting at a table, smilingly 
tkooghtliil over an epilogue or some such composition (of his own you may be sure), his 
head tapported by his writing-liand; and Madam is archly enough stealing away his pen 
iiiMnrn behind. It has not so much fancy as to be affected or ridiculous, and yet enough 
to nise it from the formal inanity of a mere Portrait." 

f Mr. Christie am>ears not to have been aware that this Portrait was also by Hogarth. 
It m tfaas spoken of in the same letter quoted in tlie preceding note. <* There is an adnii- 
rsblc head of Dr. Hay of the Commcms, which, if it were like, I would not have my picture 
diawn. I ahould not like to meet that figure alive in the fields gomg to Chelsey, for fear 

of dying that night in a ditch 

With twenty gaping gashes on my crown." 

Sir G. Hay was the intimate friend or Hogarth ; who dedicated to him the Plate of the 
Chairing, 'm the set of the Election Prints. See Hogarth's Works, II. p. 901. 

I This sketch Is little more than the first commencement, or what in Painter's language 
Js caOcd the dead colouring. A female figure, sitting, is elegant and pretty ; a young man 
sitting by her side, and figures, &c. in front. It is ill-naturedly described by Mr. Steevens, 
la *< Hogarth's Works," vol. I. p. 134. It is a different design from that engraved in 
S«inel Ireland's *' Graphic Illustrations," vol. U. p. 125 ; and has never been engraved. 

I This Picture was painted for Mr. Garrick ; but was lefi by Hogarth in an unfinished 
stoti; from which it is supposed he was not satisfied with his undertaking. It was en- 
SpmA by Mr. Townley, and only three inniressions arc supposed to exist. (See S. Ire- 
hnd*a Hogarth, 1. 178, where is a copy of this print.) It was also engraved, with some 
wktioM, by Ogbome, 1799. 

R Tluf Picture ia beautiful and spirited. Garrick purchased it at the sale of the Earl of 
Essex, in January 1777; and was said to have given 350/. for it; but probahlif &0l. waa 
the real som. (See Hogarth's Works^ L p, 42i.) It is engraved in Samuel lie\ax\^'% 
Hogtfth^ vol. JLp^ 79. 



G4 Lileraivm and ScieHce, Puljf 

Zoffanj. APurofsroallVitwBoftheVilU An Inlntandy fonned of th6 Scntfcid 

and Oroiinds of Mr. Garricky at Hampton. Mulberry-tree. — \bLl6s.6d^ Mr.KnowlM.1 

— TlSL \2t. Mr. Smart.] A Salt-cellar, made of Delft ware, wblefi 

Do. Mr. and Mrs. Oarrick, and Mr, formerly belonged to Shakipeare« — [t/L ti: 

Bowden, taking Tea on tbe Lawn, of the Webb.] 

Villa at Hampton, and Mr. George Crarrick A Pair of Gloves and a Dagger, fiirawilj 

angling. — [49/. 7m, Mr. Lambtoo.] belonging to Sbakspeare, said to be oi- 

Do. Shakspeare*s Temple, and Portraits Ihenlick, — [3/.5«.] [JnMr8.Garrick'swilly 

of Mr. and Mrs. Garrick resting on the she bequeathed a pair of giaoaf worn by 

Steps of the Portioo, with a Favourite Dog Shakspeare, to Mrs. Siddons j these win 

in the front ground, and View of a Reach not the gloves.] 

of the River; Companion to the preceding A Box, made of the Malbeoy-tree it 

Ficture. — [98/. 7s. Do.] Stratford, containing the Freedom of Ueli- 

Mieris. A Gentleman playing on tho field, presented to Mr. Garrick. 

Guitar, and a Lady singing at a Window.— A Mmiature Portrait of Mr. Choniekw— 

[79/. 16*. Mr. Rutley.] 47/. 5*. 

Loutherbourg. A Romantic Landscape, The whole Gillection sold for unily 

with Pastoral Figures, fresh Morning Scene* 4000/. 

—[SO/. 9s, Mr. Crawford.] Ju/y SI. Some of the most prized and 

Do. The Companion Landscape, with authentic relicks of Garrick and Shikipem 

Figures, warm Eveningw — [47/.15$.6cf. Do.] were sold by auction by directton ot the 

Do. A Shepherd and his Child with a Court of Chancery, at Garrick's Vilk rt 

Group of Cows, in a bold Landscape, very Hampton ; viz. — A Vase and pedeurtal of the. 

spirited an<//rvf.— [104/. I9s, Prince Leo- most exquisite workmanship, formed of the 

pold.] mulberry tree planted by Shakspeare, cu- 

Guido. Pinabel and Bradamante (Orlando riously mounted and ornamented with sSlm 

FurioM^ canto II J in a Landscape, the gilt, and a finely polished black marble 



Figures small life, paintedwith muck delicacy, and steps, the pedestal containing a medal- 

This Picture was presented to Mr. Garrick lion of Shakspeare on the one side, and oa 

byLordBurlington. — [40/.19«. Mr.Rutley.] the other the following inscription:— 

..p. Perugioo. The Dead Christ, Uken « Sacred to the memory of William Shakt- 

clown from the Cross, and surrounded by tlie pcare, the applause, delight, the wonder of 

Three Maries, and other purest Buildings the British Stage, born 1564, died 1618 :" 

in the distance. — [43/. Mr. Noseda.] supported on a carved and partly gUt bracket, 

N. Poussin. Remuns of Roman ^chi- with a glass cover. This vase was placed ia 

tecture, and Students des'^ing from them, the clwmber in which Garrick slept, and it 

upright. — [46/. 45. Mr. Norton.] sold for S9/. 1 Is. 6d. — A siimihu-ly cnrioot 

A. del Sarto. The Virgin, Child, and St. Elbow Chair, enriched with w emblems of 




pold.] Lord Baltimore is said to have given tion of the celebntedmulberry tree by Ho- 

500/. for this picture. His Lordship ac- garth himself, sold for 152/. 6s. This chair 

companied his presentation of it to Garrick was always placed bv the side of the statne 

with a letter in terms highly complimentery, of Shakspeare by Roubiliac, in the teropla 

and which Mr. Christie read to his aoditoiy. dedicated to the Bard. A Noble Marmiii 

N. Poussin. A Group of Naiads, In&nt is said to be the purchaser. We regret tDal 
Bacchanals, a Faun and Satyrs, in Land- the Trustees of the British Museum, to 
scape ; the Figures elegantly designed, and whom Garrick bequeathed the frmous mo- 
grand in clmracter. The whole is painted nument, were not the purehasers. — ^A mf 
with strong effect of chiaro scuro. — dallion portrait of Shakspeare, carved on a 
[199/. lOf. Mr. Rutley.] piece of the Stntford mulberrr tree, and 

Roubiliac, 1741. A Bust of Pope, in originally worn by Ganick at Uie Jubikt, 

marble. — [58/. 16s. Mr. Lambton.] sold for IS/. 

U. Nost, 1764. An early Bust of his — 

M? cLreT' ^^"'^ 1"— [21'- '<>'• ^^' Mr. Alexander Davison's Picturm. 

Do.***^ Bust of Garrick in terra cotu.— ^ «^"»« «»• '^f Pictures of Mr. Alexander 

[9/. 194. 6J. Mr. Nicholson.] VwiMon were sold by auction, at Mr. Stan- 

A Painting in enamel, or gold, presented |«y • «>«"». »« Maddox-street. Mr.Damia 

as a Medal U> Mr. Garrick, by the Incorpo- ^ determmed that none but the irorka ol 

rated Actors belonging to the Theatre Royal British mists should find a plaoa in his gal- 

DruryLane, as a memorial of their grati- jfT- J^^* gentleman, however, dul not 

tude for hU having establUhed the Theatri- *»«** *"• patronage to the purchase of th«M 

cal Fand.— [97/. Gs. Mr. Ramey.] The 

JUsting executed by J. Hower, 1 777 ; ia a * This Chair is encraved in Samuel Ire- 

MM. lMid*i «* Hossixb," ^Ql, U. ^, 147. 



1823.3 Literature and Science. 65 

worki ti Um EoglUh •chcioly which had d- 7. Sir Philip Sidney mortal/y wounded^ 

mdy aequlred calabritj ; but in 1 806 ha ordering the water which was brought to him 

•qouBiMMmed oeruin artists to paint for him to be firxl given to a wnnnded soMier. By B. 

aone aew pictures. He left the free choice West, R. A. — ^The fij^ures are crowded iu 

of the subject of each picture to tlie respec- confusion. The heads appear to have been 

trvt pwntcfBy with this restriction only, copied from carvings in wood. Tliose of 

that It thonU be taken from British History. Sidney and the wounded man arc particularly 

Thm pictures which Mr. Davison obtained objectionable. Sold for 1 00 guineas. 
m coBitqacnce of this order, were 10 in 8. Theuifeof the Neatherd rebuking King 

nmiber* and they formed the chief attrac- ^(fred, who had taken shelter in her cottagef 

tioB of the aale. They were as follows : duguised as a peasant, for having suffered 

1. Hauy Percy f Earl qf Northumberland, the cakes to burn which she had submitted to 

prt$emlmg Margaret the eldest daughter of his care. David Wilkic, R. A. — ^Oue of the 

Henry FII. to Barnes IK King of Scotland, least known works of this celebrated artist, 

at LamtrUm near Berwick, By James but it is, however, scarcely inferior to his 

Northoale, IL A. — ^This picture, with the more recent productions. In the centre of 

caccpdoD of the fiice of Aiaigaret, is not of the picture Alfred is sitting with his bow in 

a kind to merit parUcnIar notice. It did his hand, which he has been preparing for 

Bot meat with a bidder at 10 guineas, and use. To the left, a little behind, are the 

«M there&ire paased. Neatherd and his wife, who are supposed to 

t. Tie Earl qf Surrey resisting the uneon- have just come in with some fuel. Tlie 

Kifti/ioiMf €iiemfts to question by Quo War' • woman is in the act of reprimanding Alfred, 

TA/o the Temires and Liberties (fthe Ancient and a girl in the left comer of the picture is 

AsmRf. By Henry Tresham, R. A. — ^This stooping down and blowing the burnt cakes 

voik appeared to be, in point of merit, on with her mouth. In the back ground, to 

apvvith the former, anid as nobody would the right of Alfred, arc a young peasant, a 

bid lor it, was also passed. portrait of the artist, and a female in con- 

3. Elisnlethf Queen Dowager qf Edward versation. Tlie figure of Alfred is well 
IKijilkf Sanctuary at Westminster, receiv- painted; but there is nothing in it which 
s^ a deputation from the Council of State, would lead the spectator to suppose that he 
M/ to demand her younger son, the Duke of was a remarkable man. We should, indeed, 
Ytrk, By Robert Smirke, R. A. — ^A very imagine that Wilkie would find it difficult Ift 
Bcntariom work : the composition good, paint a hero. The remaining figures mnkt 
and evcrr pait ia finished with care. It sold be viewed with unmixed admiration. Tlie 
for 92 giuMMy a price by no means adequate anger of the old woman is admirably ex- 
to ita worth. pressed by her countenance. Nothing, too, 

4. The Deputiet from the Privy Council can be better depicted than the anxiety of 
cffering the Crown to Lady Jane Grnj, By the girl to save the burning cakes. S<ild 
Singleton Copley, R. A. — If this hiul l)ecn for 500 guineas, bought by Messrs. Hurst, 
produced when the art was in its in&ncy in Robinson, and Co. Printsollcrs. 

riflg;land, it might hnxe 1>een esteemed, hut .9. The death of the Karl of Chatham. 

it ean acquire no reputation for the artist in ])y Singleton Copley, R. A. — ^I'his picture 

the present day. Passed for want of a pur* is well known, liaving Imh-'u exhibited at the 

chaser. liritish (Talierr. Sold for 1,000 guineas. 

6. Mary Queen of Scttts, aftrr her dt^ rurcliuscd by the Earl of J^ivcrpool. 
feat at the battle qf Langaide, etnlarkitipfur 10. Stephen Lau^tont ArchHshop of Can- 
England, to seek the protection of Eiizalvth. tcrluru, shmrini: to the Barons of England 
By Richard Westall, R. A. Sold for 7a the Charter of Lilrrlicsvhich had hen eraut- 
puioeas. cd h/ Henry 1. l)y Arthur Pcvis. — ^'riils is 

€. The Conspiracy qf BahinBiton apainst a nnich better picture than the one wo 

Qaem Ehtal-eth, detected by her Minister l>cfore notice<l by the same artist. Inde- 

Srr Francis ii'aUntmluim, By Arthur Devis. pemlently of its pictorial merits, it is into- 

^Elizabeth is sitting in a chair in the resting on another account ;?'/:. the persons 

ecntre of the picture, and is pointing to the of the Barons are represented by the nor- 

portraits of Baljington and his associates, traits of their cxistin;; descendants. Pur- 

WaUinsham ii standing by her side, and chased hy Mr. Ilorton for 2*000 guineas, 

•■(Be frmale attefidants at her back. The for the British Institution. It was one of 

brad of Elt7Aheth is the worst fwrt of the the conditions of the .snle, that puroliasen 

pccun ; it is tliat of an old man ; we rer- should pay in ndditli>n the auction dutv of 

toiiJy never saw any thing like it on feniule .s jier cent. The price nctuuliy |)aid' for 

skoaLims. Walaingham's heatl, which ik this picture, would, therefore, amount to 

asped fmoi Houlirakcn, is well |uiinted. 9,203/. 

Tat artist haa not bestowed sufficient i»ains In addition to the above-mentioned pic- 

r% the other figures in the picture : the tures, several fine workn by (iainsb{>roii!::h, 

^•Met and furniture are, however, executed Morland, and other celebrated artists, M^ere 

•th carr. ^o\A. fiir 200 guineas. sold hyMr.Stanley, and generally at low prices. 

Ge«t. Mao. July, 1823. ' SELeCT 



[ «6 ] 

SELECT POETRY. 



AUSTRALASIA. When, rudely nurtured on the mounCaiii's Ina^ j 

Jl Poan which obtained the ChanceUor's Medal at JJ« ^?<*«.^. ^'^ by day his father*, plough , 

the Cambridge Commeficement 1 8«3. JJl^'f. !" *y» ^^7 "f/««^ »»« °'S>»t of e«w, 

^ ^^ „ n IB hfe of purity, his soul of jieace. 

By WiNTHROP MicKWORTii Praed, Oh yes ! to-day his soul hath backward been 

of Trinity College, To many a tender fi^ce, and 1)eaateout tcene s 

vpHE Sun is high in Heaven : a favouring breeze The verdant valley, and the dark hniirn hill, 
^ Fills the white sail, and sweeps the rippling seas. The small fair garden, and its tinkling rill. 
And the tall vessel walks her destined way, His Graudamc's tale, believed at twilight how, 

Ami rotks and glitters in the curling spray. His Sister singing in her myrtle bower. 

Among the shrouds, all happiness and hope. And she, the Maid, of every hope bereft. 

The busy Seaman coils tlie rattling rope. So fondly lov*d, alas ! so fiJsely lefi. 

And tells his jest, and carols out his song. The winding path, the dwelling in the giovt^ 

And laughs his laughter, vehement and long, Tlie look ot welcome, and the kiss of kuve — 
Or pauses on the deck, to dream awhile These are his dreams ; —but these are dreamtofUii^ 

Of his Babes* prattle, and their Mother's smile, Why do they blend with such a lot as his? 
And nods the head, and waves the welcome hand. And is Uiere uonght for him but grief and Amk 
To those who weep upon the lessenbg strand. a long existence, and an early tomb ? 

FI'is is the roving step and humour dry, I* there no ho|)e of comfort and of rest 

His the light laugh, and bis the jocund eye ; To the seared conscience, and the troubled bnatl 

And his the feeling, which, in guilt or grief, Oh say not so ! In some far distant dime. 

Makes the sin venial, and the sorrow brief. Where lives no witness of h'ls early crime, 

But there are hearts, that merry deck below. Benignant Penitence may haply muse 

Of darker error, and of deeper woe, On purer pleasures, and on brighter viewa. 

Children of wratli and wretchedness, who grieve And slumbering Virtue wake at last to cUm 
Not for the Country, but the Crimes they leave ; Another Being, and a fairer Fame. 
Who, while for thein on many a sleepless bed Beautiful Und, withm whose quiet ihort 

llie prayer is murmured, and the tear is shed, Lost Spirits may forget the stain they bora i 
In exile and in misery, lock within Beautiful Und, with all thy blended ahailM 

Tlieir dread despair, their unrei)ented sin,— Qf waste and wood, rude rciks, and kvel fAukh 

And in their madness dare to gaze on Heaven, Qn thee, im thee I gaze, as Moslems look 
Sullen and cold, unawed and unforgiven ! To the blest Islands of their Prophet's Book, 

There the gaunt robber, stern in sin and shame, And oft I deem tluit, linked by magic spdn, 
Shows his dull features and his iron frame ; Pardon and Peace upon thy valleys dwell. 

And tenderer pilferers creep in silence by, Like two sweet Houris beckoning o*cr the iatf 

With quivering lip, flushed brow, and vacant eye. The souls that tremble, and the eyes thftl «Mfb 
And some there are who, in tlicir close of day, Tlierefore on thee undying sunbeams throw 
With dropping jaw, weak step, and temples gray. Their clearest radiance, and their warmest glo*^ 
Go tottering hirth, to find, across the wave, And tranquil nights, cool gales, and gentle shc^ 

A short sad sojourn, and a foreign grave ; Make bloom eternal in thy sinless bowers. 

And some, who Uwk their long and last adieu Green a thy turf; stern Winter doth nol di 
To the white cllflFs that vanish from the view, To breathe his blast, and leave a ruin th«e, 
Whileyouthstillblooms,andvigournervesthearm, And the charnoed Ocean roams thy rocks aru 
The blood flows freely, and the pulse beats warm. With softer motion, and with sweeter sound : 
The hapless female stands in silence there, Among thy blooming flowers and blushieg Ml 

So weak, so wan, and yet so sadly fair, 1*he whisi>ering of young birds is never mul^ 

That those who gaze, a rude untutored tribe, And never doth the Streamlet cease to mXL 
Gieck the coarse question, and the wounding gibe. Through its old channel in the hidden delL 
And look, and long to strike the fetter o£F, Oh ! if the Muse of Greece had ever stnjed» 

And stay to pity, though they came to sco£F. ^n solemn twilight, through thy forest shein. 

Then o'er her cheek there runs a buming blush, And swept her Tyre, and waked thy meeds ekMfg 
And the hot tears of shame begin to rnsb 1^0 liquid echo of her ancient song. 

Forth from their swelling orbs ; — she turns away. Her fiibliug Fancy in that hour had fband 
And her white fingers o'er her eye-lids stray, Voices of music, shapes of grace, aroandf 

Andstill the tears through those white fingers elide, Among thy trees, with merry step end gkneet 
Which strive to check them, or at least to hide ! I^c Dryad then had wound ner winrwera duMl^ 
And there the Stri| Jing, led to Plunder's school, And the cold Naiad in thy waters nir 
£ro Passion slept, or Keoson learned to rule. Bathed her white breast, and wrung her dripM 

Clasps his ytmng hands, and beats his throbbing hair. 

•»'■''»". , ,,.,11. o. ^*"^'f"^ Land ! ui>on so pure a plain 

Ard looks »ith marvel on hw gallmg cliain. Shall Sujierstition hold her hated reicn » 

0:» 1 you may guess from that unconscious ga^e Must Bigotry build up her cheeriess shrine 

//•> souJ hMth d/cH/ned ofthme fur fading days, In buch an air, on 5uch an Earth as thme ? 



Select Poetry. 67 

gion frMD thy pkcul Itki Circlet ber Mck with maiij a myitie cfaanny 

vm ipleiidour of her heavenly emUeiy CImm the rich bruielet on her detpenta uviy 

•pC gazer in the beauteous plan UiDoi her black hair, and itains her eye-lid's fringe 

g dtfk except the soul of ^lAn. With the let lustre of the Henow't tinge : 

a the links that bind us to o<ir kind, Pf? «* *« •P*** ^]^'t ^^f* <^«" "*»• ^^» 

onyielding, felt, but undefined ; J? **««* transport siU her down to die. 

e Im of Brethren, sweet the joy Jj5' •'^^X Brothers mark the wasted cheek, 

Mother in her cradled toy, I*>* straining eye-ball, and the stifled shriek, 

b Childhood's deep and earnest glow ^"^^ ••°,8 ^'l P""*«« ^J ^' deathless name, 

» for a Fatlier's hea<l of snow ! ^s the list flutter racks her tortured frame. 

■ all, ere our young hopes depart, V^^'^v^^ *?^*"' ' ** ^ Uie natural tomb 

Bing throl) of L imiMsii^d liear^ [*»« '*''»"'«' F"* ?*? "P.»*« «™ "^ «*«>»' 

•ilt^ce, eloquentlv still, ^nd lorn accMiM shed their ehadow giav, 

«d toul that answers to its thrill. Wootnless and leafless, o er the ImrHjd clay, 

thy smile, Religi.m, hath not shone, ^^ '^'^'f". *t* w' ''H"' "1" ^' c«»ld^bnght, 

it rnren. and tWe charm is gone, The midmght Moon flings down her ghasUy light, 

■krned by thy wondrous spell, 2['*^»*»''";" murmur, and with silent trwd, 

n alumUr in their sUont cell. ^^^ ^~ is ordered, and the verse is said, 

^ And sights of wonder, sounds of spectral nar, 

a the voice of Uboiir and of Mirth, Scare Uie quick glance and chill the startled ear. 
if day is sinking from the earth, xr j. . . f i .« i 

ig nLnUes in her dcwv calm ^ J*^' direr visions e eu than these remahi ; 

S one who cannot heed its Ulm •. Ai f '**i! giultmcss, a fouler stain ! 

t the Qiieftain on his matted bed, ^1^' "^^ '^J* ""? *H« •^«°« "^ ""^^ / ' 
Unc form, and lianifs the feverish head ; ^here Haued glones in the waste ofl.fe ? 

• hntre in his wandering eye, 'J** **"j:"*^ ™«^' {^« "^^ °^ b"*" ^*Wi*V 

Id bath no show of majesty, ^J* ^"' ^'^ nish, the slaughter, and the flight, 

f lip, too weak for wail or prayer, JJ* ^V^*'"*'* '" the cruel toil, 

J tbe breeze, and leaves no echo tliere, P*« *l*«^«^ vengeance and the rifled spoU, 
roBZ arm so noblv wont to rear » ' of all, the revel in the wood, 

«d tarpei, or tlie ashen spear, Si! ^"u ""^.^^^^ ?^« banqueting of blood, 

crkia ^ cold I the pang of death ^^^""^^ ri*** T'?' ?*^ ^° .^? f^ 
aet teeth, and chokes tlie struggling ?^\*:S*^>f ''.V'* him in hi. painful throe, 
^|V. ^^ ° And lifts the knife, and kneels him down to drain 

irt ^immerin^ of departing day J^« P«'P'« current from the quivering vein ? 

roQwi to herald life away C^jase, cease the Ule ; and let the Ocean s roll 

^' Shut the dark horror from my wildered soul ! 

DO duteous youth to sprinkle now a i .1 . ^ . ■ 

of mler on L liu and brow > . Ap<« •« there none to .uccour ? none to .peed 
»d M«i to bring with .oundloM foot * ft-rer fce mg .nd a hohcr creed ? 

rpotion. or the fu-alinfi root ? *!«, ! for tin.. u,H.n the Ocem blue, 

^•■^ • ^ ^ - I.. „,.„ i" :„„ « > JLainented Cook, thy pennon hither flew; 

look to meet Ins wandering gaze r i.^ .» • j. j ^^ t * ^\ • 1 • 

*£. J ^ 1 ,1 • 1 • " i« FOT thisT, undaunted o er the rasing brine, 

a fondness, he.ird in happier days, ,^ '» ,, , 1 • 1 » • S v . . 

.1 . r»i v: *.:•• ii'^i / . 1 he veuturou.n r rank uphehl his rtavionr s sicn. 

the terrors of the opirit s fliglit, ' ,. , /m • n 1 -i t' *i 

>r 1 iri. ' »^ . • 1 ♦ 1 I nhappy Chief: while rancy thus surveys, 

:of mercv and of hoiH? to ni;;htr ,-,, «^'f^ j-i. 1.1 n- 1 

, i he »cattered islets, and the s|iarkhng Iwvs, 

!, an leave him '. — U'rrlble and slow Kencath wlio^t- cloudless sky and gorgemis Sun 

I crowd the whisiwred nmrmurs grow. 'Hj^ life was ended, and thy voyage done, 

ad of Heaven is on him ! is it our's !„ shadowy mist thy form appears to glide, 

sk tlic fleeting of his nuinlKircd hours ? Haunting the grove, or floating on the tide ; 

Is tti, oh not to us is given ()h » there was grief for thee, and bitter tears, 

the Book, ar thwart the will, of Heaven ! And racking doubts through long and ioylcM years ; 

•may V* and each familiar face And tender tongues that babbled of the theme, 

I horror from his sad embrace ; Aud lonely hearts that doated on the dream. 

BB which he lies is hallowed ground, pale Memory deemed she saw thy cherished form 

a l*riest sulks gloomily around, Snalclwd from the foe, or rescued from t!ie storm ; 

tefing friends, that dare not soothe or save, And &ithful Love, unfailing and untired, 

laat groan and dig tlie destined grave. Clung to each hope, and sighed as each eapiied. 

ic H idow folds ujM)ii her breast On tlie bleak desart, or the tombleaa sea. 

Bring trinkeu, and her gorgeous vest, No prayer was said, no Requiem sung for thee. 

-^— — — ~ Affection knows not, whether o'er thy grave 

sketch of the death of a New Zealander, The Ocean murmur, or the willow wave ; 

« Sujierstition which prevents the offer- But still the lieacon of thy 9acre<l name 

f consolation or assistance under the idea Lights ardent souls to Virtue and to Fame, 

k nan is umier the imme<Iiate influence 



eity, ia taken from the narmtive of the "t* FVom the coast of Australasia the laat de- 
Daateira, a friendly chieftain^ recorded .f/wtches of I^ IVyrnuse wcTe dated. Wd. Q)!*.!* 
lidbeia*^ rvi. II. p. ISI. urly liev, for Feb. I BIO. 



68 



SeUd PoHry. 



[J«lf, 



Still Science nounit thee, end the gntelol Mom 
Wreathes the green cypress for her own Peyrouse. 

But not thy death fhall mar the gracious pluy 
Nor check the task thy pious toil hegan ; 
O'er the wide waters of the bounding main 
The Book of Life must win its way again, 
And, in the regions by thy fiite endeared, 
The Cross be lifted, and the Altar reared. 

With furrowed brow and cheek serenely £ur. 
The odm wind wandering o*er his silver hair. 
His arm uplifted, and his moistened eye 
Fixed in deep rapture on the golden sky, — 
Upon the shore, through many a billow driven. 
He kneels at last, the Messenger of Heaven ! 
Lcmg years, that rank the mighty with the weak. 
Have dimmed the flush upon nis faded cheek. 
And many a dew, and many a noxious damp. 
The daily labour, and the nightly lamp, 
Have ren away, fur ever reft, from him. 
Hie liauid accent, and the buoyant limb : 
Yet still within him aspirations swell 
Which time corrupts not, sorrow cannot quell. 
The cliangeless Zeal, which on, from land to land, 
Speeds the fiunt foot, and nerves the withered hand. 
And the mild Charity which, day by day. 
Weeps every wound, and every stain away. 
Rears the young bud on every blighted stem. 
And longs to comfort where she must condemn. 
With these, through storms, and bitterness and 

wrath. 
In peace and power he holds his onward path. 
Curbs the fierce soul, and sheathes the murderous 

steel. 
And calms the passions he hath ceased to feel. 

Yes! he hath triumphed! — while his lips relate 
The sacred story of his Saviour's fate. 
While to the search of that tumultuous horde 
He opens wide the Everlasting Word, 
And bids the Soul drink deep ot Wisdom there. 
In fond Devotion, and in fervent prayer. 
In speechless awe tlie wonder-stricken throng 
Check their rude feasting and their barbarous song : 
Aroimd his steps the gathering myriads crowd, 
The chief, the slave, the timid, and the proud ; 
Of various features, and of various dress. 
Like their own forest-leaves, confused and num- 
berless. 
Where shall yonr temples, where your worship be, 
Gods of the air, and Rulers of the sea ? 
In the dad dawning of a kinder light. 
Your blind Adorer quits your gloomy rite. 
And kneels in gladness on his native plain, 
A happier votary at a holier fane. 

Beautiful land! farewell! — when toil and strife. 
And all the sighs, and all the sins of life 
Sliall come about me, when the light of Truth 
Shall scatter the bright mists that dazzled youth, 
And Memory muse in sadness on tlie past. 
And mourn for pleasures hi too sweet to last. 
How ofien shall I long for some green spot. 
Where, not remembering, and remembered not. 
With no false verse to deck my lying bust. 
With no fond tear to vex my mouldering dust, 
'lliis busy brain may find its grassy shrine. 
And sleep, untroubled, in a shade like thine ! 



EVENING THOUGHTS. 



nnHS busT hours of noon are fled* 

And nst recedet the fount of day. 
While broad yon rolling wmpoon tptmdp 
That mark the river's winding way. 

As through the verdant mead it pooia 

Its fertilizing stream along* 
The lavbh beauty of whoee shorasy 

Excites th' enraptur'd Poet's fongf 

Night! thy serene approach I hail. 
Well pleas'd to watch the gradwJehn^ 

As now, athwart the dusky vale^ [ringe; 
Thy shadows stretch their length'jwg ^ 

While in the half-illumin'd West» 
The star of eve with gentle beam, 

Marks the mild season made for reaty 
Sj)arkling amid the twilight gieaaif 

I love the pale Moon's rising pride 
To view, when her roimd fi^ wppmn. 

Topping the MounUun's darksome ude, 
As her slant ray the wand'rer cheeii* 

To trace, as yon blue vault she scaWs^ 
Her splendid progress to its height^ 

Till* as ner dazzling gleam prevails, 
Tlie fiunt stars vamsh from my sight: 

When transient shades her orb enshroody 
And seem to threat approaching stonn. 

To watch her through some thin-ec^d ckMi^ 
In the veil'd splendour of her fimnj 

Then see her, breaking forth onee morty 
Like Virtue from Misfortune's gloomy 

With brighter lustre than beforoi 
Her wonted majesty resume. 



And hark ! how from yon moss-grown ww^y 
The village clock, with solemn chimey 

Declares the swiftly passing hour, 
And warns me to " redeem the time :** 

That boon divine, if us'd aright 
Sure pledge of an eternal state, 

In the glad realms of pure delight, 
Oh ! may I p^ze it ere too hte ! 

So sliall each fleeting day and hour. 

Be still devoted, to prochum 
The praise of God's almighty power^ 

And celebrate his matchlcM fiuao. 

When early mommg gilds the sldety 
And scatters wide the mists of nighty 

With heartfelt pleasure may I risoy 
To bless the Giver of all light; 

Who bids the Sun his beams display, 
Scatt'ring their bright effulgence romidy 

And spread the copious flood of day. 
O'er all the dew-bespangled ground : 

And more bcnicnly sheds on man 
Those rays of wisdom from above. 

Which manifest his gracious plau 
In the great work of savvtg lave. 

So when his mandate shall ordain. 
That Time itself shall be no mwey 

Throughout his everlasting reign 
My soul his mercy shall adore. 

Blami/ord, My a. Mason Cham DEaLiR. 

HISTO- 



.J 
*» 
.1 



188S.] 



t 69 3 



HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. 



PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT. 



House or Commons, Jvnit SO. 
A&er a dabftte of considerable length in 
i Cowiitfw of Supply, a resolution, pro- 
posed fay the Chaaodbr of the Kcchequer, 
WH^pssd toy granting the snm of 40,000L 
l ewiA encting an additional btiilding at 
die ftitidb Musemny for the reception of the 
^ Irte Ek^m Ubrary, A division took place 
SB SB anMDdment, snggested by Mr. Csoker, 
to lestve oBt the wordi ** British Museum,*' 
but the origina] motion was carried by a di- 
Tiiioa of 64 to 80^ — ^A Tote was also agreed 
to, giaothig a (brther sum of 8000^. to Cap- 
tiia Maobjy for his senrices in saving tne 
lives of sfaipviecked seamen. 

JuM€ 98. The House went into a Com- 
Mimt or SuFPLY, in which severs! items 
«f apcnditiiie were granted. — On the grant 
far itatioueiy and printing being proposed, 
Mr. Hwme took occasion to revert to the 
iaqairj set oa foot last year at his instance ; 
••J attempted to vindicate the integrity of 
Mr. rpniUntine Jennings, who supplied the 
Hon. Member for Aberdeen with information 
•ad stolen papers — ^Lord Palnurstcn and Mr. 
B<aJu» spMM OB&voorabJy of Mr. Jennings ; 
sod Mr. kiconboooiessed, that in the Com- 
mittee of Inqury his manners were iude- 
corons in the extreme. — Mr. Hume next op- 
posfd the grant of 5,000/. fur propagating 
the Scriptures in North America. The 
?nnt wac, however, carried by a majority of 
49 to 2S. — Mr. lydmot Horttm then moved 
s erint of 15,000/. to encourage emigration 
U) Canada from the South of Ireland. Tliis 
notion gave rise to a discussion of some 
l(e(,th, in which Sir John Newport objected 
vj the stmi proposed as inadequate. — Mr. 
MfrcTomly hinted that it miglit lead to un- 
reswoable and injurious expectations ; and 
Mr. £). Browne suggested that the money 
Biriit be better laidout in the encourage- 
Bflit of manufactures, more particularly the 
Saen^— Mr. Peel explained, m reply, to Sir 
y Newport's suggesti<m, tliat the present 
rvaat was merely an experiment } and Mr. 
Ricnrdo answered Mr. Browne by observing 
'^pon the folly of meddling with commerce 
irv !e^'iklati«-e enactments, and upon the in- 
jLtCice of taxing one part of the Empire to 
fn I jde capital for another. Tlie grant was 
i^rwd U>, as were also some other grants. 

Lord Nugeiit moved the order of the day 
f'^r xlie Committee on the Knolish Catho- 
t.:c Relief Bill. He explained that he 
^ai made some alterations in the measure, 
'.r« ^€tet of which would be to put the 
ia^ii^li Catholics on the same footing with 
'** Ef>;rhsh Protesunt Dissenters. — ^Mr. 
Pui torn before the Bill sbouKI go into a 



Committee, to oppose it in its present fbrni* 
While its object had been to place the Eiu^ 
lish Catholics in the same condition as mt 
Irish Catholics, it had had his support; but 
as the Noble Mover now proposed to abro- 
gate the oath of supremacy in thu conntry, 
which is still imposed upon Catholics in 
Ireland, he must resist the measure. Tba 
omission of any mention of Scotland was 
also an objection. — ^Messrs. Banket uA JVe- 
therell opposed the measure in principle and 
detail.— Messrs. Brougham and Canning 
suggested that it would be advantageous to 
those whose interests were involved to divide 
the Bill ; and Lord Nugent acceding, the 
Bill was divided, one part conferring the 
elective franchise, the otner bestowing more 
extensive privileges. 

June 34 . Mr. Goulbum moved the second 
reading of the Irish Insurrbction Act.— 
Sir Henry Pamell moved, as an Amendment, 
that the state of Ireland should be referred 
to a Select Committee of twenty-one persona. 
The Hon. Baronet, in a long and temperate 
speech, detailed the causes which, m hu 
judgment, operated to interrupt the peace 
and prosperity of the sister kingdom ; and 
pointed out the inefficacy of the Insurrection 
Act. Catholic Emancipation was the re- 
medy upon which he seemed disposed to 
place the most reliance. — Mr. GraUan se- 
conded the motion. — Mr. Goulhim acknow- 
ledged the good temper in which the Amend- 
ment liad been brought forward, but resisted 
it un the double ground, that at this late 
period of the Session no inquiry could be 
effectually prosecuted, and that the subject 
was of too great magnitude for any Com- 
mittee less than the whole House ; and evet^ 
if the Session could be prolonged, he ^KMf 
tended tliat the detaining the Irish Mm^ 
bers in this country would Iw highly perni- 
cious. Mr. Goulbum, however, stated that 
ho should, at a proper time, offer no Oppo- 
sition to any motion for an inquiry into the 
affairs of Ireland, to be undertaken on an 
extensive scale. — -Colonel Davies, Mr. John 
Smith, Mr. Robertson, and Mr. C. Htttthin-' 
son, supported the Amendment ; which was 
opposed by Messrs. Bankes, R. Martin, D. 
Browne, S. Rice, and Sir J. Newport. The 
last two gentlemen perfectly concurred in 
Sir H. Pamcirs complaints of the mlsgo- 
vemment of Ireland; but agreed with Mr. 
Goulburn, that the period of the session was 
too late to institute an inquiry. — Sir, Peel 
resisted the Amendment. He recalled the 
attention of the House to ther original Mo- 
ti(m which was for a tem|H>rary measure, 
admitted on all sides to be indispensalily ne- 
cessary 



70 Proceedingi m C/ie taU SesHon of ParliameHt, [Jvlj, 

eetnry for the Mlvatlon of IreUnd. By nual duties upon tugir, &c wen tefcen at 

the Amendment thii Mving meuure would 8,000,000/.; tlie lottery at 900,000/. Tlieffe 

be lost ; but by the original Motion no bar was then a sam of 1 S6,878/. repaid bj the 

would be presented against inquiry. — Mr* Exchequer Bill Loan Commissionen* io 

IV. Smith supported the Amendment. — Mr. conformity with the Act of Parliamentf 

Denmartf though alone, opposed the Insur- under which the same had been issued, to 

rection Act in principle. On a division, be included in the Ways and Means oi thii 

the numbers were fur tlie Amendment, 89 — year. There was also 4,800,000/. for aa- 

For the original Motion, 88. — ^Majority, 49. val and military ]>ensions, and 90,000/. 

^-~- from the East India Company for halF^ 
June 95. Mr. Hume brought forward a allowances. The next item was 469,047/* 
motion for the Abolition op the Vice- being the surplus of Ways and Mcaos, 
RBGAL Office IN Ireland. The Hon. Gen- granted in fiirmer years. There was next, 
tleman supported his proposition by a long a surplus of 8,700,000/. on the Coosdi- 
list of Catiiolic grievances, and several finsn- dated Fund, lu March, the estinattd 
cial arguments. He concluded by moving income of the Consolidated Fund wis 
for a Commission of Inquiry to examine 4(7,750,000/. Tlie charge upon ity the 
into the propriety of suppressing the Vice- lum of 88,050,000/. leaving a surphn ti 
Regal Government. — ^Mr. Goulbum opposed 8,700,000/. The way in which the ehaigi 
tlie motion. A resident Government (he was created, he stated to be as follows >— 
said) was necessary for the adminiatration of For the expense of the funded debti 
tlie prerogative of mercy alone, in a country 38,000,000/. ; for other charges thrown oa 
in wnich 400 or 600 captal convictions an- the Consolidated Fund, on account of the 
nually occurred. The mere official business Civil list, and pensions which were not «■- 
of Ireland, too, he said, would pour an in- nually voted, 2,050,000/. ; half-pay ■nanl* 
crease upon the Home Office such as no ties,9, 800,000/.; Sinking Fund, 6,9O0,O00C4 
Minister could support. He denied the ao- total, 88,050,000/. which being dedoeiid 
curacy of most ot Mr. Hume's statements, from the sum he had stated as the incone ef 
In proof of the monopoly of office by the the fund, namely, 46,750,000/. lefi the sw- 
Protestants, and asked how, admitting that plus of 8,700,000/. The estimate waa op- 
such a monopoly existed, would it l>e reme- on the probable receipts, afUr dednctiag 
died by removing the seat of patronage to the amount of taxes repealed. Tlie lesut 
England ? That the Protestants did pos- of all was, that the total amount of Wajt 
aess a share of office in Ireland greater than and Means for this year was 17,885,9901.1 
would £sll to them upon a numerical distri- deducting the Supplies, lb*,976,749/*| a 
Inition, he admitted, but explaiued that it surplus remained of 409,177/* Of thii 
was impossible to avoid this, while the Pro- 944»150/. was to be applied to the redli^ 
testanU continue the only educated classes, tion of unfunded debt, but the total tOriAM 
— ^Mr. Peel opposed the Motion, and argued of the Ways and Means was, as he hadjwt 
against the impolicy of withdrawing a resi- stated, 409,177/- The Right Hon. Gen- 
dient Government from Ireland at the very tleman then noticed the state of the R«fa* 
moment in which the disorders in that king- nue at the present moment. The Coitomf 
dom demanded the moat constant and vigilant up to the 98th of June, had prodneed 
auperintendence. — Mr. CamiiTijr remonstrat- 4,026,6G1/.; to this was to be added fbr 
ed against a proposition, which would go to bills and cash in hand, 79,191/. With f»* 
odd new causes of irritation to those unhap- spect to tho Excise, he was happy to miff 
pily existing, and still further impoverish a that appearances were not less fatisfaetoryt 
cotmtry already g^roaning under distress, the receipts exceeded the total of those re- 
and which he said waa more likely than any ceived in the whole year in 1899, The it- 
other measure to separate the last link be- ceipts for the present year, up to the 1st of 
tween the Islands. The motion was nega- July, were 10,571,081/.; the estimsiid 
tived without a division. payments to be received between the Itt and 

# 5tli July, he would take at 658,000/. ; toak- 

HousE OP Commons, July 9. ing a total of 1 1,999,081/. ; leaving a d«ft- 

Tfae Chancellor rfthe Exchequer brought ciency of 896,055/. But the House wudd 

under the consideration of the House the recollect that, since January last, a conri- 

BuDuET. The Right Hon. Gentleman ob- derable reduction of taxation had takaa 

served, that at the early part of the Ses- place, which more than accounted for thi 

sion he had explamed fully his views, and falling off. Yet there was but a defidenej 

he had since been enabled to carry them of revenue on the whole to the amount m 

into execution. It would be satisfactory 896,055/. shewing an actual increase upon 

for the House to know, that there was a the other items of 155,890/. In the Stamp 

more than corresponding excess in the Ways Duties he anticipated no deficiency. In th« 

and Means. The total amount of Supplies Post Office there might be a slight falling 

for army, navy, ordnance, and miscellaneous off, but nothing of consequence. In tb« 

services, was 16,976,7-18/. These were to Assessed Taxes, there was the proapect of 

if0 met by the fvUowing items :•— llic an- a saitis&clorf ictuU %.t X\\a end oC the jear* 

'MMua'Uvi 



1B8S.] 



Proceedingi m the U^ Sesium of Parliament, 



Tl 



wtre enabled, by the babiu 
^tj had adopted, to realise a dear aurplus 
WMmam ow expeadHure. The Revenue 
we impnnruig, notwithstanding so large a 
ndnction of taxation had taken place ; and 
m the Mine time they were effecting a gra- 
Aal and progressive redaction of the debt, 
vfaich had iMen reduced within the last six 
MMlkalo 794, 130,81 8/. from 796,580, 144/. 
which waa its amoont in January last. With 
nspici to the unfunded debt on the 6th of 
himrff 1 888, it amounted to 86,88 1 , 1 50/.; 
en the 80th of June, to 85,498,450/. giving 
a Jiefssii of 788,700/. Adding this to the 
«■ ledacad on the funded debt, it would 
kssssn that there was a clear diminution of 
Mteiected in the last half year, amount- 
i^te BO lesa than 8,000,000/. The Right 
Hea. Gentleman then stated the amount of 
Mas talcea off as follows : — husbandry 
hones, 480,000/. ; malt, 1,400.000/.; salt, 
1,895,000/. ; hides, 300,000/. ; assessed 
tnsh 8,800,000/. ; ditto Ireland, about 
100,000/.; tonnage duty, 160,000/.; win- 
dees, Ireland, 180,000/.; spirits, Ireland, 
880,000/. ; ditto, Scotland, 840,000/. giv- 
iig a total of 6,985, 000/.--Tlie severe! 
iieiis to which he had referred, being adil- 
id legcther, it would seem that the coun- 
tiy md been virtually relieved from taxation 
ia the last two years, to the amount of se- 
unmiDioBs and a hall He then alluded 
ta the state of Ireland, which no man could 
kiok at without feeling great affliction at 
those causes which operated to produce her 
mislbftunes. — ^With respect to those taxes 
which still remained, he knew Hon. Gen- 
tlemen wished many of them to be removed. 
Maay of them pressed severely on the con- 
somers, and the repeal of some was thought 
highly desirable, as connected with the ne- 
esssity of preventing smuggling. 

Mr. Maierly congratulated the House 
en the dear and luminous statement they 
hsd heard. He thought tlie Right Hon. 
Gentleman had rather understated than 
easggeiated the resources of the country. — 
Mr. Humt also said that he had heard the 
stsiamenta of the Right Hon. Gentleman 
with great satisfaction, but that they did 
not come entirely to wliat he wished. He 
hoped the Hon. Gentleman would go ou in 
the course he had begun, and take off three 
or fear millions more of taxes next year. 

House op Lords, July 7. 

The Irish Iksurrbction Act was com- 
mitted, fay a majority of 36 to 5. The five 
4&Meotient Peers were the Duke of Lein- 
stcr. Earls Fiuwilliam and Damley, Lord 
HoUand, and Lord ElUenborough, each of 
whom spoke shortly against the measure. 
Lend CaUhorpCt in defending the proposed 
Act, attributed all the calamities of Ireland 
to the dark bigotry of the Roman CathoUe 
Rdiposi ia ttmt kingdom. 



July 8. The Irish Trrui Bill was 
read a seooud time. Lord LioenooL moreid 
the second reading, in a speech of some 
length, in which he argued that tithes 
formed the most suitable and least inconve* 
nient provision for the Natioual Church; 
but confessed^ that from the unnatural dis- 
tribution of property in Irdand, which de- 
ranged the common relations of sode^, 
their collection in that kingdom might be 
productive of embarrassment. — The Mar- 
quis of Lansdoume objected to some of the 
provisions of the new Bill : he more parti- 
cularly complained of the re-imposition of 
the tithe of aeistment^— The Ewl of Car* 
narvon thought the measure quite inade- 
quate to its professed purpose. — ^The Earl 
of Harrowby and the Lord Chancellor de- 
fended the B'dl. The ktter decUured that 
all his objections to it had been removed 
by the omission of the compulsory clause ; 
and took occasion to contradict the com- 
mon assertion that « tithes are a tax.'* 
They are no more a tax, he said, than rent ; 
the Clergyman or Impropriator having as 
clear a property in the tenth of the produce 
as the tenant had in the other sine parts. 

July 9. The Marquis of Xjxmdaume 
moved the second reading of the English 
Catholics* Relief Bfll. — Lord RedcMdali 
opposed the measure. He deplored, as a 
great calamity, the extension of the elec- 
tive franchise to the Irish Catholics in 
1793, and warned the House against imi- 
tating so dangerous and mischievous an er- 
ror. — ^The Earl of finest moreland supported 
the Bill. — ^The Bishop of Norwich defended 
the proposed Bill ; exulted in the enligh- 
tened character of the age, and compared 
the opposition of the present day to Catho- 
lic Eroancimition to the resistance offered by 
the Pagan Priesthood to the introduction of 
Christianity. — The Bishop of St, DavuTt 
opposed the Bill, as extending power and 
privileges to persons who paid to the Bri- 
tish Crown an imperfect and divided alle- 
giance. — The Lord Chancellor declared that 
he would oppose the Bill upon principle at 
any time ; but in the present case he also 
objected to it, on account of the late pe- 
riod of the Session at which it was intro- 
duced. His Lordship said, that he would 
take that opportimity of correcting a great 
error which prevailed to some extent, 
namely, that tne Clergy alone objected to 
conferring power upon Catholics ; he knew 
the contrary to be tne &ct, and that a jea- 
lousy of the Roman Catholic Religion was 
now as strong, and as generally diffused, aa 
ever it had been at any period of our his- 
tory. — Lord Harrowhy defended the Bill. 
He observed, that the mistake of the Irish 
Legislature, in 1793, consisted in not fix- 
ing a higher rate of qualification than 40s% 
The English Catholics, Vie maintamtdf vi«i% 
as ioyaJ, and as worthy of c<mE(kixce> la aaK«] 

c\aa% 



Proceed^gs in Parltament^^^Foreign News, 



[Jnly. 



ebftt of tho Kdig's subjecu.— The Earl of 
Liverpool dedand hinudf friendly to the 
placing the English Catholics upon the 
same rooting as the Irish. He concurred 
with Lord narrowby in thinking that a 
great mistake had been committed by the 
Irish Legislature in not raising the free- 
holder's qualifications.*^ The House di- 
▼ided> when the numbers were— Contents, 
73; Non-contents, 80. 

July 14. The Irish Tithbs Composi- 
tion Bill was committed; and the Bill 
ordered for a third reading the following 
day. 

The Irish Church Ratis Bill was 
read the third time, and passed without a 
division. 

Prorogatiok of Parliament, July 19. 

This day Parliament was prorogued by 
Commission. The following Speech was 
delivered by the Commissioners : 

" My Lords, and GentUrtneny 

*'We are commanded by his Majesty, 
in releasing you from your attendance in 
Parliament, to express to you his Majesty's 
acknowledgments for the zeal and assiduity 
wherewitli you have applied yourselves to 
the several objects which his Majesty re- 
commended to your attention, at the open- 
ing of the Session. His Majesty entertains 
a confident expectation that the provisions 
of internal regulation, which you have 
adopted wbh respect to Ireland, will, when 
carried into effect, tend to remove some of 
the evils which have so long afilicted that 
part of the United Kingdom.^ We are com- 



manded to assure you, that jtm may 
upon the firm, but temperate aaerdai, ti 
those powers which you have ratruaied to 
his Majesty, for the suppresaioa of vicJeiiet 
and outrage in that country, and in iStm 
protection of the lives and properties o£Ui. 
Majesty's loyal subjecta. It u with the 
greatest satisfrctaon that hia M^etty ia 
enabled to contemplate the flouriabuig oon- 
dition of all branches of our commem tad 
manufikctures, and the neatest ilntniiMnt 
of those difficulties whion the Agrieohani 
Interest has so long and so severely siiffhiiil, 
** Gmtlcmen of the JJouse of Comrnont^ 
** Wc liave it In command from his Ma- 
jesty to thank you for the supplies whk 



you have granted for the service of the y«v, 
and to assure you that he lias receiTca iIm 
sincerest pleasure from^he relief which yon 
have been enabled to afford his people, by a 
large reduction of Taxes. 

*' My Lords, and Gentlemen, 

'< His Majesty has commanded us to ia* 
form you that he continues to receive fren 
all Foreign Powers the strongest aasunneas 
of Iheir friendly disposition towards thb 
Countrv. Deeply as his Majesty still re- 
grets the failure of his earnest endeavoors 
to prevent the interruption of the peace of 
Europe, it affords him the greatest conso- 
lation that the principles upon which he 
has acted, and the policy which he has de- 
termined to pursue, liave been marked with 
your warm and cordial concurrence, as con- 
sonant with the interests, and satiafiwtory 
to the feeUiigs, of his people." 

Parliament was then prorogued to Hnm- 
day the SOth of September. 



FOREIGN NEWS. 



SPAIN. 
In our supplementary Number, wc have 
noticed the arrival of tlie King and Cortes 
at Cadiz. From subsequent intelligence, it 
appears that the greatest excesses were 
committed at Seville after the departure of 
the King. Among the property destroyed 
and plundered by the mob, were the archives 
of the Cortes, and the luggage belonging 
to the Queen. It is stated, that a multi- 
tude of vagabonds, including a large pro- 
portion of Gipsies and Monks, began to 
plunder the boats on the river. This rabble 
increased in the evening, and many indivi- 
duals were insulted and robbed, and some 
killed. During the night, the tumult aug- 
mented, and various houses were pillaged ; 
in the mean time the Girald^ was magnifi- 
cently illuminated. On the moniing of the 
ISth, the robberies and assassinations were 
renewed, and continued \mtil a party of the 
Queen's Regiment and the Artillery, which 
had been left for a garrison, marched to 
Triana, and dispersed the mob with some 



fusilades; six of them were killed. IVe 
plunderers were led on with cries of'* Viva 
Fernando," « Viva la Religion," «Viva k 
Inquisition." — A letter from Seville, aftt» 
noticing an affair between the tronpa of 
Lopez Banos and the factious on the 1 6th« 
states that a number of boxes oi powder 
had been deposited in the house formerly 
occupied by the Inquisition, under the 
of an officer and a party of soldiers. It 
reported amcmg the mob, that the 
were filled with money, and they forcod 
their way in. A spark, it is stated, from a 
cigar, caused the explosion of the powder. 
A great number of tne mob were buried in 
tlu) ruins. About 80 were dug out on the 
16th, and among the dead were scvenl 

riars. 

The Cortes assembled at Cadiz on the 
1 8th. One hundred and ten Members were 
present, and that number l>eing sufficient to 
deliberate, the sitting was opened. The 
Cortes commenced by declaring that tlie 
Rcge&cy, which bad been temporarily ap- 
pointed 



•] 



Fortign News. 



73 



\A tl Serillet had deserTed well of the 
y. Thej received the con^imtuU- 
of the municipelity of ('ad'u, end re- 
to A special curouiiMiun tlie proposi* 
■fde by Kvenl ro«inbcn to inTite the 
unent to iadicate the means of res- 
th* country from the crisis in wliich 
iMed. The Cortes afterwards occu* 
tbeoisclvea with sanitary measures, 
ih nrulations relating to the Uying 
provisions. The Royal Family was 
ffivd ou the 18th inst. to the Palace 
Caitom House, which it is to occufiy. 
iMm from Cadix, under the date of 
d vk. »bat the French had commeuc- 
DM blockade of that city. Tliey pre- 
■& neutrals from entering ; nor will 
■nsit fiheiu to pass out with either 
noHe or the property of Spaniards. 
Itttar from Madrid, dated July 3, 
ihat Gen. Morillo, who commands 
MOticutional Army in Gallicia, on 

Ltfant the Cortes had, at Seville, de- 
I deposition of the King, addressed 
umj n proclamation, in which lie dc 
tlwC tfie army having manifested a 
ioa not to obey the orders of a Re- 
vhich the Cortes had installed at Se- 
j depriving the Constitutional King 
powers, he (Morillo) had determin- 
. to rccognixe such Regency. He 
m bia determination not to yield to 
invaders. Quiroga, the Captain- 
kl of Galicisy declined entering into 
o*s views. * 
MS from Corunna to the 20th ult. 

thai Morillo, with 5000 men, had 
owards Lugo, owing to the events in 
al ; that another ConstitutionHliht 
>f the »ame number of niuu was po>t- 
ic viciitity of Astorga; and that Gen. 

was in A^turias, with ;iOOO meu. 
letters state, tliat the want of arms is 
J reason these corps arc nut inime- 
dotthled. Campillo, Seuane, £1 Pas- 
td Soroa, all ciiterprihing Guerilla 
, had also gone towards the mouii- 
f Santander. In Corunna, very cx- 

fintifications were preparing, and 
ung evinced a dispositiou to defend 
ce. It is calculated, that the four 

1 Chiefs above mentioned have with 
MMJt 4000 men. 

£loi> hm* received a letter from Ma- 
tted Julv H, which contains the fol- 
— **Tbe garrison of Santona mario 
on the ind. The encm>f to the 
of atHJUt fj'OOO men, charged in 
oluniB^, and forceii our advuiici-d 
retire; hut tlu-y weie soon stopjH'd 
iomfanics of the .toth and one com- 
thc 2l>t re;;inK-ms. Tlie enj;ag»;- 
rcarue olMliiiatf, and the enemy, 
d by the fifd of the forts, main- 
lie ir ground some time ; at length 
>mii attacks of our troops forced 

. MA4i. July, iHiJ. 

10 



them to abandon their position, and the 
Spanish General Valero, arriving at this 
moment from Laredo with another company 
of tlie S 1 St regiment, the enemy were com- 
pletely routed, and would have been com- 
pelled to re-embark, but for the well-main- 
tained fire from all the batteries which pro- 
tected them. Tlieir loss may be estimated 
at about SO killed and wounded. We took 
some prisoners. Our loss was two men of 
the 85th regiment killed, and eight wound- 
ed ; amongst the latter is a Lieutenant of 
the 91st regiment." 

A decree of the Madrid RcgencY seones- 
trates the |ienional property of all the Mem* 
hers of tlie Cortes, of the Regency at Se- 
ville, of the Minibtryy &c. ** who ordained 
the removal of the King from Seville to Ca- 
diz, and who supplied the means to carry it 
into e£Fect." The same decree dedans 
guilty of high treason all Members of tho 
Cortes who adhered to the act which pro- 
nounced the deposition of the King. 

Bayonue papers to the 1st inst. statSy 
that the garrisons of Pampeluna and St* 
Sebastian attempted sallies on the l^thp 
21st, and 9Sd. The first did not succcedp 
but the latter killed about fif^ of the be- 
siegers, and forced them for a moment to 
raise their camp. 

FR.\NCE. 

The King of France, to conciliate Spain» 
luu restored to the Spanish nation all the 
standards, forty-eight in number, taken bv 
Buonaparte in the Peninsula, together with 
other standards, taken this war, and the 
kevs of the city of Valencia. 

Notwithstanding the exertions made in 
England to prevent the emigration of arti- 
sans, it continues to a great extent. At 
the iron- works at C.'harenton, in France, 
which are under the supcrintendance of 
Englishmen, there are already nearly 300 
English artisans employed, and it is an- 
nounced that 100 more are expected on the 
river-Kide. At alxnit half a mile from Pa- 
ris tliere arc aUo new iron-works, also con- 
ducted by Englishmen, which when com- 
plete will he >ery extensive, and give em- 
ployment to upwards of ITiO workmen. 
There is also an English steam-engine ma- 
nufactory in Paris, which is thriving. 

The whole of the French Loan lias been 
takeu by the House of Rothschild at 8.9f. 
.S^c. lliis circumstance protluced the best 
effect on the French Rentes at Paris, which 
rose to 5)0f. i2oc. 

PORTUGAL. 

Lisbon papers state, that great rejoicings 
have t^ikcn place, in consequence of the 
counter-revolution. The King having writ- 
ten to the Queen, inviting her return to his 
palace, she left Kamalhuo on the 16th of 
June, amidst the general acclamatiODS of 

tht 



74 



Foreign News, 



[Jul,, 



the people. On the 18th) her Majesty 
came to the Palace of fieinposta, to visit 
the King and her sons. The people took 
the horses from her carriage, and drew it to 
Bemposta. <*The 9:id was a day of real 
triumph," sars a Lisbon Journal, ** on 
which their Majesties and Royal Highnesses 
went in solemn procession to the (jiurch of 
Santa Maria Maior, to return tluinks to the 
Kine of kings and Queen of Heaven^ for the 
inelnble fiivours bestowed on the Sovereign 
tnd Portuguese nation, by delivering us from 
the roost impious and execrable Government, 
whose sole object was tf> destroy to the very 
foundation tlic magnificent edifice of the 
Lusitanian empire. (Hero follow long de- 
tails of the solemnity, the triumpluU arche.^. 
the military parade, illuminations, &c.) If 
the 93d was remarkable for its solemnity, 
the 34th was rendered equally memorable 
by the arrival of the unconqucrcd Count 
Amanuite, with his brave division of above 
3000 men." 

Tiie Gazette contains a long Decree sup- 
pressing all Secret Societies, whatever may 
he their institutions or denominations, which 
sliall never be again restored. The ground 
assigned is, tluit ** the Freemasons, as well 
as the Carbonari, Commimeros, and others 
of the same nature, have notoriously caused 
great injury to all nations ; that they have 
multiplied extremely, and formed a conspi- 
racy to destn)y the Altar and the Throne ; 
that the most enlightened Governments of 
Europe have become sensible of the neces- 
sity of averting the danger ; and it is espe- 
cially notorious that their influence produced 
the revolution in Portugal." 

RUSSIA. 

The Russian trade with China dally in- 
creases in extent and importance. The bu- 
siness done with that empire in the month 
of tfanuary, was to the value of nearly two 
millions of roubles ; almost the whole was 
taken by Russia in tea and nankin. The 
Russian Government does every thine in 
its power to extend its commerce with all 
parts of India. 

GREECE AND TURKEY. 

Tlie accounts received firom Greece agree 
that the af&irs of the Turks have taken an 
un&vourable turn. The inhabitants of Hy- 
dra and the other islands appear to have 
done every thing during the time they have 
been free from the Turkish fleet to form an 
amicable connection with their brethren in 
the Eastern part of Thessaly ; and the re- 
sult is, that the tribe.i, eneoumii^cd by the 
agents of Hydm, liave all risen against the 
Porte. This clrcunistanctr is highlv favour- 
able to the Greeks, es|>cclal!y at the open- 
ing of the campugn ; as tliosi? insurgents 
who have received arms fi om Hydra are di- 
vided into corps, more nr Ic«< numerous, 
and are in the rear of thi> Tiirkivh cor|)s in 
Thessaly ) which is thus oblij^ed to divide 



its force, in order to keep open communica- 
tions with Macedonia, several actiooi 
have taken place between the Turks and 
the insurgents in Thessaly, not to the dis- 
advantage of the latter. Tliose movements 
have obliged Mahomut Pachm, the Turkish 
Commander-in-Chief, to withdraw his troops 
from Zeitoung and Patradigh, and evacuate 
the South of Tliessaly. The Greeks 
tliat by continuing these operationty 
should oblige them to abandon the Whole 
province. DeamantI luu also made a move- 
ment from Cussandra towards Seres and Sa- 
loriicbi, and threatens lioth plaoesy of which 
it would not l>c difficult to make himself 
master, if ho tmly received some reinforre- 
ments. The accounts from Constantinople 
of the 13th of June say, that the Oorere- 
ment hesitates in the adoption of eneigetie 
measures to put down the iuaurgenta. At 
one time, it appears disposed to employ 
against them the troojM stationed on the 
Danube, and then again to be wlthheU by 
a strange a})prehonnon lest Russia shooU 
take advantage of their being withdrawn to 
attack the Turkish territory. These repsst- 
ed orders and counter-orders are very picpi- 
dicial to the cause of the Porte. 
AMERICA. 
On the 3d of May, his Imperial Majesty 
the Em|)cror of ttie Brazils delivered a 
SiMsech to the Cortes, wherein that in£uK 
community is described to bo in a state of 
rapid improvement, llie revenue, it %^ 
pears, has increased nearly one-thin! linoo 
the declaration of the independence of that 
valuable and extensive division of South 
America. The Navy already consbts of 
one line of battle ship, three frigates, with 
various corvettes, brigs, &c. and the Ad- 
dress promises an immediate addition of five 
other frigates, which the Government had 
directed to be purchased. Agricnlture nd 
commerce are also represented to have addr 
ed largely to the comforts and happiness of 
the people; snd all the advantages which 
universally attend liberal institutions, 
at present to be enjoyed by that rising 
pire. 

The Peruvians and their cause wx% ia ■ 
bsd plight : their forces were totaUy deAife- 
ed in January last by the Spanish RojaGsl 
troops under Cantara and VsJdes. 

New York, June 4. — A novel sight WM 
presented yesterday in Maiden-lane, by tfat 
' removal of^a tlurce- story brick house a COB- 
siderable distance back from the atrott, es- 
tire, and without the slightest injury. Thii 
ponderous mass of brick was slowly moted 
up an inclined plane by the force of iroa 
screws. So smooth and gradual was tht 
motion, tliat not the slightest injury wM 
visible ; and the adcquarv of the force tO 
the object, is proved by tfie fact that a cod- 
sidcrable numb^'r of people wore in the 
house, walking about the chambers in th* 
tlijrd story during the removal. 

DOMESTIC 



ia«.] 



[ 75 ] 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 



IRELATO). 

Tlie South of Ireland has lately become 
ihe Keoe of conflicts both serious and for- 
aidaUe. Twenty convictions under the 
lamrtction Act have already taken place 
it the Special Session of Rathkeale and 
Taietf and the culprits luve been imme- 
£iltly carted o£F for embarkation. 

A Cork pap^r states, that on Wednesday 
Borwng (^d mst.) one of those darinpr vlu- 
ktioos of the law, so peculiar to the lower 
enkn of this distracted country, attended 
with the loss of several lives, occurred at 
Cactlefaaven, in the West of the county. 
The Rector of the parish, finding it impos- 
•iLle to obtain hu tithes, submitted his 
cist to the Bench of Magistrates, from 
vkom be received a warrant of distress, 
vkich was entrusted to his Proctor, who, 
vith five other men, were appointed to exe- 
rate it on the parties ; and a party of the 
Polios, consisting of Ueut. Hawkshaw, 
ioat mounted and seven dismounted, were 
oidefed to assist. Having proceeded to the 
grenad, they seized some cattle, which the 
coontfy people, who assembled in great 
Bndben, reaiated, with showers of stones. 
The police and constables were obliged, in 
their own defence, to keep up a constant 
fire, which waa returned with vollies of 
stones, kept up with such determination, 
that the police and constables were obliged 
to retreat, leaving one of the police, and 
the proctor, killed, and several of the party 
voooded. The coimtry people had two 
shot dead, and ten or twelve wounded ; five 
are reported to be dangerously so. In the 
icticat, Lieut. Hawkshaw lost his can, 
which was knocked off by a stone. On the 
soconnt reaching Skibbereen, Capt. Bald- 
win, a Magistrate, with a party of the 
Rifle Brigade, and some of the police, has- 
tened to the place, llio ferocity of the 
coiiBtry people was such, that they wedged 
a stone into the dead policeman's mouth, 
wliich they forced in with another! In 
lome places the disinclination to pay tithes 
issucn, that the lower orders have bound 
diemselves by oath to resist. 

The Oimmissioners of King's-town har- 
bour have been most indefiitigable in for- 
warding the completion of the Pillar in ho- 
nour of his Majesty, and adding to its gran« 
deur, utility, and effect. They have suc- 
ceeded in erecting the great granite pillar 
in commemoration of our gracious Sove- 
reign's departure from Dublin, which rises 
over the liarbour, and measures in one so- 
lid stone sixteen feet. The column, it is 
intended, should be forty feet high. It is 
placed on the remMoiug part of m ridge of 
mob wliieb cxtettded from the §hore into 



the interior, which are now used in making 
the great pier. It has an admirable effiect, 
as the spot on which it stands is all that 
now remains of the great ridge. The base 
rests in the bosom of this old fragment, and 
immediately imder the pillar are four great 
granite orl». The appearance of the whole 
is very striking. ^ 

In the Court of Common Pleas, Dublin, 
in an action, Cuthbert v. Brown, for deceit 
in recommending a unfe ! a verdict was re- 
turned for the plaintiff — damages 800/. It 
was proved in evidence, that the wife im- 
posed upon the plaintiff was the siater-in- 
law of the defendant, by whom she waa 
pregnant at the time of the marriage. 

liNTELUGENCE FROM VARIOUS 

PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. 

*^Kilham, June S4, 1823.~This day a 
party of young men, having previously 
iieard that numerous interesting discoveries 
had been made in a sand-pit near IQlham, 
determined to visit the place in search of 
Antiquities. They soon met with a consi- 
derable quantity of human bones mixed up 
in a confused state. An entire skeleton 
hud in regular order, at about three feet 
below the surface, with the head to the 
North-west, was next presented, and with 
it were beads of amber, and of blue and 
spotted glass ; a large brass pin ; brass 
clasps; iron ring; small triangular shaped 
brass ornaments, very thin, and a few other 
relics. On returning to the town, they 
were gratified with the sight of other arti- 
cles, found near the same place a short 
time ago, consisting of a spear-head of iron 
and another piece of wrought iron, in form 
nearly resembling the lid of a tea-kettle, but 
for what purpose it has originally been in- 
tended is nut known. Vast quantities of 
human bones have at different times been 
dug up at Kilham and in the neighbour- 
hood. In the afternoon, the p^rtv walked 
to an artificial mount, West of Kilham, by 
the side of the high-road from thence to 
York, called «OalIows-Hill," and in ap- 
pearance much resembling a tumulus ; it is 
said to liave been a place of execution, a 
thing which the name seems to imply. An 
antient Roman road cros5cd near the spot 
by the present road, runs through a planta- 
tion close by, in a direction towards Lang- 
toft ; they traced it the other way to Ruston 
Parva Herds, where for some distance it ap- 
pears to form the division of the Lordships. 
The Roman roads and dikes in the ueigh- 
bourhood seem to bu much luoic T\\im^t^>aa 
than have generally \>een suigi^oae^. ^«- 
sides the one above menuoned, vao^i tosa 



76 



Do7ne$tic Occurrenca, 



on the North tide of Ktlham, which is 
snppoied to have hed e conDection with one 
on the high side of Ijantofi, between that 
place and Weave rthorpe ; tlie present road 
from Bridlington to York is there called 
* High -street. At Argam, the remains of 
dikes roay be distinctly seen : these are con- 
nected in Rei^hton field with Dlliers which 
run between Hiuimauby and Nortli Burton, 
towards Cansdale.'* 

The complete carcase of a horse, in a 

standing posture, was lately found in Eagles- 

. field peai'-mosSi where it must liave been 

some centuries. The animal was unshod, 

and, by the teeth, about four years old. 

At Oxford Assizes, Mr. Justice Park, in 
his address to the Grand Jury, adverted to 
the punishment of the tread-mill, declaring 
hb entire conviction that it Itad extensively 
diminished crime, and expressed regret that 
it had not l>eeu adouted in the county of 
Oxford. ** I think, ' obhervcd his IJcird- 
ship, " that the objectioob made to this 
mode of punishment, are imfounded ; it 
does not prove injurious to die health of 
the prisoner, and I think that offenders 
should not be living in prison in greater 
luxury than those they liavc injured; but 
that they ought to be employed every mo- 
ment during the period of confinement for 
their crimes, although every article should 
lie afforded tliem wluch i« necessary for 
food and cleanliness." Alluding to an im- 
portant Act lately passed, respecting capital 
sentences, his Lordship said, << There is 
one Act which has made a most material 
alteration in my situation, and that of my 
brother Judges, which I think will be at- 
tended witli very beneficial consequences, 
viz. giving the Judges the power not to 
pass sentence of death where they do not 
meoD to order execution to be done on the 
criminal ; but thev arc empowered to cuter 
the sentence on tfie record, which will give 
them the opportunity of considering the 
subject more maturely, and will give a dou« 
ble impression, if it is afterwards found ne- 
cessary to enforce the sentence." 

An ingenious meclianic of BaUi^ named 
Crawley, is now exhibiting in the river there, 
and at the public baths, a Safe^ Jacket or 
life Preserver, which is made of two sheeU 
of common canvas so waxed at to be water- 
proof, and sown together in the shape of a 
French cuirass, and &stened over the shoul- 
^rs, under the thighs, and at the sides, by 
itnps, and inflated by means of a common 
beer-cock, which ii carefully fixed in front, 
near the qhin, so as to reach the mouth 
with the greatest facility, and which can be 
rendered more or less buoyant by further in- 
flation from the breatli, or by suffering the 
sir to escape by turning tlie cook, which 
opens the valve. What renden this inven- 
ti<in the more valuable is, its extreme porta- 
bility, it being esMly carried in tiie pocket 
whMi hided up. The exhibiior floats in 



the water, the principal part of his hokt 
being above the surikct i and with a sasB 
paddle directs his coarse accor^ng to hit wSL 
June 7. The fbundaUon stmie nf iIm 
new Church at Redear^ was laid by At 
Hon. Lady Turner. The prooestioD «m 
grand beyond any thing ever seen at Bedosi. 
The brethren of Free-Matons, from iIm 
Lodge at Stockton, attended upon the oeot- 
sion, dressed in their robes, and weie le* 
com)>anied by most of the nobility and gn- 
try in Cleveland. 

LONDON AND ITS ViaNITY. 

The Quarter** Revenue., — The produoe cf 
the quarter just ended forms a striking oofrr 
trast with tne produce of the corresponding 
quarter last year. The income of the qiar* 
ter ended on the 6th of July, 18S9, «■ 
12,471,000^— of the quarter ended on the 
5th of July, I8S3, n,.955,I00^— -beii^ ft 
deficiency of only 516,000/. thongU tbt 
quarter's produce nf the taxes tMEen cK 
was 1 ,750,000/. — ^Tlie charge on the Con- 
solidated Fund, which consists chiefly of 
Ebvments of the dividends, and the National 
ebt, amounted in the quarter ended itb 
July, 1882, to 18,456,919/., and the in- 
come being only 12,471,451/. there was of 
course a deficiency of above 985,000(. TIm 
charge in the quarter ended the 6th of July 
1828, was 10,885,000/, and the iaoomt 
11,955,000/. leaving a surplus oi inoomi 
beyond tlie chs^e of 1 ,620,000/.^ — ^By tht 
account of the &cise Duties collected laal 
quarter, it appears there has been an in- 
crease on beer, u compared with the cor- 
responding quarter of last year, of SS,864/.| 
in tobacco and snuff of 167,266/.; in gliM 
of 41,844/.; and In wine of 84,000/.! whik 
in spirituous liquors there is a decreaae. 

We understand that an issue of DonbU 
Sovereigns is about to take place from ihc 
Mint, bearing the head of his Majesty^ co» 
Died from the well-known admirable bmaty 
by Chantrey. 

The Persian Minister to this conntryi 
M. M. Saulit, being about to retom homcp 
has issued an official notification from th« 
Prince Ro^val of Persia, inviting all British 
subjects who may be disposed to emignte» 
to take up their residence in his kingdom : 
he states, that he will, immediately on their 
arrival, assign them portions of land, with 
residences attached, and every requisite foi 
their comfort and subsistence. The sml is 
very productive; the emipants will be ex- 
empted from taxes, and tne settlers will be 
allowed to enjoy their own religioiu opi- 
nions. The climate is very healthy. 

July 8. This day's Gazette contuns e 
Proclamation by the Lords of the Admi- 
ralty, aiwlishiiig, from the Ut of Januair 
next, the use of his Majesty's Union Jack 
in merchant ships for any purpose whatso- 
eveii and uideimg \\isX Uve ii^^asX ^at^ u» 



18S3.] Domatic Ocewrrences.^-^Tkeairical Register.'^Corimaii<m. 77 



W vorn by merchuit >hipty should hart an 
flBtire wluu bordtr, such border bemg one* 
fifth of th* breadth of the Jack itself, ex- 
dosivc of such border, and that such Jack 
so altered should also be in future used on 
board merchaat vessels as a sinal for a pi- 
lot, instead of the Union Jack at present 
vedfer that purpose. 

The Act relative to the interment of per- 
wam haad Jeio de se, having received the 
Ro«il Asaent, no more persons coinmlt- 
tiv suicide are to be buried in cross roads. 

An Act for improvement of our Law 
MercknU has lately passed. Its provisions 
■e ss follow : — 

1. That persons in whose names goods 
lUl bt shipped shall be deemed to be the 
tlM ownen, to as to entitle consignees to 
% ba thereon, in respect of their aidvances, 
m «f money received by the shippers to the 
mi of the consignees, provided the con- 
i^pns have m> m>Hee that the consignor! 
m not the actual proprietors of such pro- 
ps^. 9. Thai no person shall acquire 
apM my such goods in the hands m an 
spit beyond the amount of the agent's 
fin. S. That consignees may contract^ in 
tMom to goods shipped on the joint ac- 
coent of the consignors and consignees. 
4. Thai persons may contract with known 
^poli ia the ordinary course of business. 



or out of that course if within the agent's 
aothorityd — It indll be observed that these 
enactments bear reference chiefly to Foreign 
trade, which is necessarily carried on by 
shiproeuts. There might be more delicacy 
In applying the same principle in its full 
extent to our Home trade. Besides, in 
many branches of the latter, the custom of 
the trade affords sufficient notice to the 
dealer that the person in possession of the 
goods is a mere fector or agent, and it is to 
be remembered that the evil justly com- 
plamed of exists only in cases of <'ostear 
sible ownership." 

Mr. Canning's reply to a late communi- 
cation from the Madrid Begency was, tlu4 
having a Minister resident near the person 
of his Catholic Majesty, it could not be re- 
ceived : the letter from the Regency to the 
King, was also returned unopened. 

THEATRICAL REGISTER. 

Haymarkxt Thbatri. 

July 7. An operatic Comedy, entitled 
Sweethearts and tVives, from tiie pen of 
Mr. Kenny. It is a very livelypieoe, and 
produced considerable mirth. The plot is 
very simple, and was admirably sustained by 
the leacHng characters. It was announced 
for repetition with much applause. 



CORONATION OF HIS MAJESTY GEORGE IV. 

Jn Acemmi i^the Money expended at Hit Mqjesty*s CaronaUon, slating the Amount^ under 
the several heads, expended, and from what sources the Money uxts supplied. 

£. s. d, 

Lsri Stowaid, expenses attending the banquet - - - 35,184 o 8 
hold Chamberlain, for the furniture and decorations of Westminster Ab- 
bey, and Westminster Hall ; for urovidiog the Regalia ; for dresses, &c 
tithe persons attending and performing various duties - - 111,173 910 

suiter of the Horse, f»r the charger for the Champion • • 118 18 6 

Msster of the Robes, for his Majest/s robes, &c. - - 34,704 8 Id 
Sm ty m -Genersl of Works, for fitting up Westminster Abbey and West- 

■Tisiir Hall* pktformt, &c. - - - - - 60,307 9 1 

W. D. FeUowct, esq. Secretary to his M^esty's Great Chamberlain, fur 

apeocea incurred ------ 3,600 

HinflftheTbeatna ...... 3,504 15 q 

Mister of the Mbt, for medals . - • - - 4,770 5 4 

Sir Gm. Nayler, for expenses in the Earl Marshal's department - 3,600 

Sir Geow Nayler, towaros the publication of the Account of tlie Ceremony 3,000 O 

Deputy Earl Marshal, usual fr« - - - - - 800 O 

Sir R. Baker, expense of Police - • - - - 931 18 10 

Sir T. Tynrhit, for messengers and doorkeepers. House of Lords - 178 2 6 

Ifnsn. Eundell and Bridge, for snuff-boxes for Foreign Ministers • 8,805 1 6 

Esrl of Kinnoul, on account of pursuivants and heralds in Scotland 364 7 7 

388,3.S8 3 

Nocij — A few claims are still unsettled, the amount probably not exceedin g 1,000 

Pkid out of the sum voted bv Parliament, in the Session 1 820 - 100,000 
Fiiil oat of money received nrom France on account of pecuniary indemnity, 

onder Treaty, anno 1815 - ... - l3S,<ia% Q a 



[ 7S 1 



[July, 



PROMOTIONS AND PREFERMENTS. 



Gazette Promotioks, &c. 

To the Rank of Rear Admirals of the Blue, 
—Hon. Sir C. Paget, knt. Robert Williams, 
and Rich. WumlepTf etqrs. 

To the Rank of Post -Captain j-^Septimva 
Arabin, £dw. Canon, C. Phillips, and J. 
Walter Roberts. 

Naval Appointments, — Commodore Sir E. 
W.C. R. Owen, K.C.B. to the command of 
H. M.'s Squadron in the West Indies, vice 
Sir C. Rowley, K.C.B. ; Rear- Admiral Sir 
Charles Paget, knt. on special service. 

mer Office, July 4.— 1st Reg. of Life 
Guards: Capt. H. Earl to be Nlajor. — 7th 
Foot : Brevet Lieut.-Col. A. C. Wylly, to 
be Major. — S9d Ditto : Capt. J. Fleming to 
be Major. — 67th Ditto: Captain John 
^Igeo to ))6 Major. — 78th Ditto: Bre- 
vet Major C. G. Falconer to be Major. — 
Royal Staff Corps: Colonel C. M. Lord 
Greenock to be Ldeutenant.-CoI. — To be 
Ueut.-Col. of Infimtrr : Brevet Lieut.-Col. 
Hon. L. Stanhope : Major G. Hewett : Ma- 
or C. Wyndham. — ^Brevet : To be Majors 
in the Army : Capt. Stopford Cane, of the 
b*5th Foot. — Capt. J. Grant, of the Royal 
Artillery.— Staff : Col. W. Marlay to be 
Pbrm. Ass. Qnartermaster-Gen. — Royal Reg. 
sf Artillery : Major and Brevet Lieat.-CoI. 
W. R. Cary to be Lieut.-Col. : Capt. and 
Brevet-Major C. Younghusband to be Major : 
Maj. W. Pavne to be l.ieut.-Col. : Mai. G. 
Forster to oe Lieut.-CoI. : Sir A. Dick- 
son, K. C. R. to be Major. 

Juli/ 5. Tills Gazette contains the King*s 
.permission to the 68th Foot to bear the ap- 
K)intmcnts of ** Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyre- 
aees, Nivelle, and Orthes," in commemora- 
lion o{ those battles. 

War Office, July 11.— J7th Foot, Capt. 
F. W. l&msay to be Major.— 9d Cevlon 
Reg. Capt. H. Viscoant Bsirnard, to be Ma- 
jor. — Cape-Corps (In&ntry), Brevet Licut.- 
Col. C. O'Mallay, to be Major. 

Unattached.— J. Arbuthnot tobe Major 
of Infantry. 

Staff. — Col. W. Marlay, Perm. Assist. 
Quartcrm.-Gen. to Im Depnty-Quarterm.- 
Gcn. to the King's Troops, serving in the 
East Indies.— Brevet Lieut.-Col. H. J. Rid- 
dcll to be Perm. As8i8t.-Quarterro.-Gen. and 
Licut.-Col.— Brevet Lieut.-Col. W. Ware, 
Pcrm.-Assist.-Quarterm.-Gen. and Major. — 
Major PI. G. Broke, to be Perm. Assist.- 
Quartcrm.-Gen. and Major. — Staff-Surgeon 
J. Clarke, M. D. to be Physician to the 
Forces. 

Office of Ordtuxnce, July 1 1 . — Royal Reg. 
Artillery : Caot. and Brevet Lieut.-CoI. R. 
Bull, to be Major. 

IVar Office, July 18.— 3d RiR. Light 
Drag. : Capt. R. S. Sitwell, to be Major. 



Brevet — ^To be Majors in the Amy: 
Capts. G. C. Co£5n : £. C. W'dfbrd, RA 

July 1.9. Earl of Verulam to be Loid 
Lieut, of Hertford. — Rt. Hon. Sir £.Thon- 
ton, G. C. B. to be Envoy to Hb M«t 
Faithful Majesty. 

Ecclesiastical PREFBRMBim. 

Rev. W. Fisher, Ilfracombe Prebend, in Sa* 

lisbury Cathedral. 
Rev. C. Allay, St. George witb St. Paul R 

Stamford. 
Rev. L. P. Baker, B. D. Impington V. col 

Cambridge. 
Rev. C. Beetham, Bunny V. Notta. 
Rev. T. S. Biddulph, BrocUey R. SooMiMt 
Rev. Willoughby Brassey, Melcomba R^ 

Cur. 
Rev. A. Bumaby, Asfordby R. Leiotateniiiiik 
Rev. W. Clark, (Professor of Anatomji anl 

Fellow of Trinity college) Aningloa V. 

CO. Cambridge. 
Rev. L. A. cTiffe, Wilton juzta Tuntoa 

Pern. Cu. 
Rev. Clias. Crook (rector of Bath), to Si. 

Mary Magdalen Chaprlry, in Holkwiiyp 

aud mastership of the Hospital ■r'Mrftdi 
Rev. T. F. Dibdin, Exniug V. Suffolk. 
Rev. G. Hole, Chulmleigh cum DoddiaooB- 

leigh R. Devon. 
Rev. Geo. Knieht, Haeboum V. Berka* • 
Rev. W. Knight, Stevuigton R. Haata. 
Rev. Duncan M'Cairy, Uig Chnrehy oo. 

Ross. 
Rev. T. Musgrave (Lord Almoner'a Fiuiw 

sor of Arabic, and Fellow of Tirinity Col* 

lege), Over V. co. Cambridge. 
Rev. T. B. Newell, Salperton rcip. Cvr. cou 

Glocester. 
Rev. N. Orman, Great Barton R. Suffolk. 
Rev. H. Pearce (late Conduct of King's GoL 

Cambridge), Hemineby R. oo. lincolB. 
Rev. W. S« F^ton, BiDwncia R. co. CoM- 

berland. 
Rev. James Scholefield, St MichMl'i Vm^ 

Cur. Cambridge. 
Rev. Thomu-Vowler Short (Censor ofCliffat 

Church, and Senior Proietor at Oifecdf) 

Stockleigh Pomeroy R. Devon. 
Rev. Wm. Slatter, Hethe R. Ojcob. 
Rev. Edm. Smyth, N. Elkinfftoo R. LSne, 
Rev. Mr. Strong, elected A^ear of Fmh- 

wick, CO. Glouc. 
Rev. G. D. Perkius, and Rev. Dr. HattoOf 

Chaplains to his Majesty. 
Rev. H. B. W. Hillcoat, Chaplain to Duka 

of Sussex. 
Rev. George Hume, Domtstic Chaphfai to 

the Marquis of Ailesbmy. 
Rev. Thomas Wyatt, Domestic C*hapIaiB to 

the Earl of Guilford. 

Civil 



id^s.] 



Births.^^Marriages, 



79 



Civil PRiPERMEim. 
lUbert Torrens, etq. to be one of the Judget 
of the Court of Common PleMy Irelaad, 
vue Fletcher, dec 
G. B. Whittftker, esq. Stationer, and Peter 
Unriey ceq. Sadler, elected Sheri£Ps of 
London and Middlesex. 
Bet. Peter-Paul Dobree, Fellow of Trinity 
CoDt^y nnanimonalr elected Regius Pro- 
Cmmt e£ Gieei, at Cambridge. 
Mr. Bkkc, Chief Remembrancer of the 

Iqatf side of the Excheouer. 
Ker. H'illiam Millner, S.C.L. of St. Alban 



Hall, Master of the Free GramiiMur-sohooI 
at Wickwar. 
John Shephaid, Proctor of Doctors' Com- 
mons, appointed Acting Re^strar of the 
Diocese of London, inee John Shephard, 
senior, deceased. 

Membirs Returned to Parliament. 

JSosnncy.— John-Stuart Wortley, esq. 
Hertford, — Thos. Bjron, esq. vice Lord 
Cranbome, now Marquis of Salisbury. 
Sti^ffhrdthire.^''Sk John Wrottesley, hart. 



BIRTHS. 



Dw. S7. At Calcutte, the wife of Henry 
Hobboose, esq. second son of Sir Benjamin 
Bebbouse, hart, a son. 

Lately. At Clifton, the wife of Lucius 
OIBiien, M.D. a son and heir. — At Creech- 
SL-Mi^ael, the wifs of Lieut. P. Thorop- 
m, a soow — ^At Brewse-house, Milverton, 
At wife of Major Kersteman, a dau. — At 
GepsI, CO. Leicester, the Countess Howe, 
a ion^--At Torry-hill, Kent, Lady Mon- 
tmsor, a son and heir. — At Hamble-house, 
HsBis, Lady Harriet Hoste, a dan. — ^At 
Ubbaigb, the lady of Sir Jas. Montgomery, 
HP. a sonw— At BalWpbl'm, Cork, the wife 
sTW.W. Beeeher, esq. M J*, a dan.— At Crof- 
«»4mwk, Tich6eld, Hanto, Mrs. T. Nigh- 
l«,asoo. 

Jum 7. At Lausanne, the wife of Cap- 
tun CodRie Owen, R. N. a son. — "8, At 
Fsmham, Dorsetshire, the lady of Sir Simeon 
Scutft, bart. a son and heir. — 1 0. At Golds- 
bro', lion. Mrs. Stourton, a dau. — 12. At 
Qeaeathorpe, near York, Mrs. Thos. Price, 
1 dn. — 18. At Tockington, Mrs. John- 
Homy Aynsleyi of Little Harle Tower, 
Nertfanmberlaod, a son^ — 19. AtMunster- 



house, Fulham, Lady Jano-Lawrence Peel, 
a son and heir. — 91. At Pacldngton, the 
Countess of Aylesford, a dau. — 92. In Wim- 
pole-street, Mrs. Robert Robertson, a son. 
— 95. At Devizes, the wife of the Rer. J. 
Mavo, a son. — 97. At Roehampton, the 
Lady of Sir Thomas Farquhar, bait, a 
daughter. 

Juli/ 9. The lady of Deut.-Col. Boor- 
chier, a son. — 5. The wife of Rer. Oerrard- 
Thomas Andrewes, a dau. — 7- Mrs. Robert 
Bright, a son. — 8. At Blackheath, the w^ 
Major Farrington, Royal Artillery, a son.— 
At Douglas-house, near Cork, Mrs. John 
Callaghan, a dau. — 9. At Dttle Camden- 
house, Kensington, the lady of Major-Qea. 
Sir Herbert Taylor, a son. — 1 0. At Walton^ 
in Leicestershire, the wife of Rer. Augustus 
Holiart, a dau. — 11. In Devonshire-place, 
the widow of the late Frederick-Richard 
Coore, esq. a son. — 1 2. In Cadogan-terrace, 
Mrs. Robert Pearson, a son.— 18. At Wood- 
ham- Walters Rectory, Essex, the wife of 
Rev. Guy Bryan, a dau. — 19. At Canons, 
the wife of Rev. T. Alington, Rector of Little 
Barford, a dau. 



MARRIAGES. 



nUOeiy. Rer. C. S. Bird, to Miss Mar- 
Wraagham, of Altringham. ^Rev. 
_jh Qwrch, Rector of Frettenham, to 

Mka Gibson, of Norwich. Rev. W. B. 

CeaUMTy Rector of Bawse^, to Harriet- 
Aaae, dan. of Mr. Twiss, of Cambridge.— 
iUv. C Dewell, of Malmesbury, to Sarah- 
Aana, dan. of W. Hughes, esq. of Devizes. 
R ev. J. M. Kirby, of Bunnage-house» 
near Manchester, to Miss £. Peel, of Pen- 
tovrille. Rev. Ralph Lyon, of Sherborne, 
to Elizaheth, dau. of Mr. H. Ooodfellow, of 

Stamfordham. Rev. George Pearse, of 

Thorpe Road, to Laura-Elizabeth-Buck, 
daa. of Rev. R. B. Matthews, of Hineham. 
— ^Rev. John Smith, Rector of Kirkby 
Lajtborpe, to Frances-Mary, dau. of C. 

BkMfieJd, esq. of Bury. Rev James 

Thonss, Vicar of Haverfordwest, to Maria- 
Aaoii dtu. of late Ben. GiUaro^ e»q* Buiker, 



Bristol. ^— Rev, Thomas -Henry Yorke, 
Vicar of Bbhop-Middleham, to Maria, 
daughter of late Major-Gen. Hon. Mark 

Napier. ^At Edinbuigh, Rev. Alexander 

Macpherson, Minister of Golspie, Suther- 
landshire, to Agnes, dau. of late R. Young, 
esq. Writer, Edinburgh.— At Ilminster, 
Rev. Dr. Henry Davics, of Taunton, to 
Sophia, dau. of late Tim. Wallington, esq. 

of llminster. ^At Norwich, Rev. Ralpn 

Barker, to Jane -Elizabeth, dau. of Rev. 

G. Beevor, Rector of Wilby. AtRopley, 

Rev. W. Wilkinson, to Maria, dau. of^Ute 

G. Kersley, eso. Rev. Dr. Leropriere, 

Rector of Meetn and Newton Pctrock, De- 
von, to Anne, only child of late Capt. Col- 
lingwood, R. N. of Hearitree, and cousin 

to Lord CoUingwood. ^Rev. Thos. Irvin, 

of Scarborough, to Miss Phcbe-MaxlaHia* 
well, of Yarmouth.-— 'Capl.'&euii ^\Vki«%. 



so 



Marriaget, 



IMf, 



to Elizabeth, daa. of — Pftul, e«q. Go- 

Ternor of St. Vinccnt'i. YnL Bxmdlej, 

esq. of Brichton, to AuguttA-Gertrude, dau. 

of Lady Hawke. ^T. B. Bartley, esq. of 

Everton, to Elizabeth, dau. of C. M'lntyre, 

eta, of Green-cattle, co. DonegaL ^T. 

Coltman, esq. Barrieter, to Anna, dau. of 
late G. Duckworth, esq. of Manchester^ — 
J. Carew, esq. of Exeter, to Maria, dau. of 
late J. Dickinson, esq. of Tiverton. 
W. Fowler, esq. to Marj-Anne, dau. of 

late Mr. T. Merry, of Baldock. At Dub- 

Im, Goddard-Hewitsott, only son of Rev. 
J. Richards, of the Grange, co. Wexford, to 
Dorothea-Arabella, dau. of late E. Moore, 
esq. of Moore's Fort, co. Tipperarv, and 

niece to Lord Bandon. John Fuller, 

esq. of Terrincton St. John's, to dau. of 

Mr. John Haigii, merchant, of Halifax. 

Arthur Beevor, esq. to Miss Clayton, both 
of Norwich. — --J. A. Biuley, esq. to Anne, 
dau. of Rev. W. Sandford, Rector of Nut- 
field. D. Brown, esq. H. P. of 14th 

Dragoons, to Eleonora, dau. of late Charles 
Marsack, esq. of C^tvcrsham Park. 
jlpril 18, John Sims, M. D. to Lydia, 

dau. of W. Dillwyn, of Waithamstow. 

Rev. John Randall, B. A. to Elizabeth, dau. 

of late Mr. Bennett, of Salisbury. 1 7. 

W. Barwell Carter, M. D. 8th Hussars, to 
iMargarec, dau. of R. Downie, esq. of Ap* 

Sin, M. P. ^At Bumham, Josias, son of 
osias Nottidge, eso. of Rose-hill, Wixoe, 
to Matilda, dan. of Wm. Langton, esq. of 

Chippenham-honse. £. Warner Shewell, 

esq. to Emma, dau. of Rev. H. Poole. 
Rev. J. Fishlake, to Jane, dau. of Rev. Dr. 

Nicholas, of Salisbury. Thomas Dowell, 

esq. Capt. R. A. to Charlotte, dau. of late J. 

Gaiford, esq. of Ifbrd-houss, Wilts. 1 9. 

W. Butt, Jun. esq. of Comeybury, to Eliza, 

dau. of J. Temple, esq. of Brumpton. 

SI . Greorge St. John Keele, esq. to Hannah- 
Hieodosia, dau. of late Geo. C. Skipton, 
esq. of Beech-hill, Londonderry. •—~- At 
Hackney, T. A. Stocker, esq. of Sidmouth, 
to Eliza, dau. of late Kenneth Mackenzie, 
esq. of Tauntoo.-^~At Ormskirk, Edward 
B<y)rer, esq. of Lathnm, to Mary, only dan. 

of Thos. Walkden, esq. of Bickerstaffe. 

99. At Richmond, Lacey Rumsey, esq. son 
of Dr. R. of Amersham, Bucks, to Elizabeth, 
youngest dau. of Hon. John and Lady Eliz- 

beth Spencer. 98. At Barnstaple, Rev. 

Jacob- Geo. Wrench, Rector of Stouting, 
Kent, to Frances, dau. of late Rav. J. F. 
Squire.— —At Edinburgh, Capt. Peckett, 
to Catherine-Gordon, dau. of R. Hepbume, 

esq. of Clarkington. £4. At Walcot, 

Wm. Blathwayt, esq. Capt. Sd Dragoons^ 
to Emilia, dau. of late Capt. Filmer, of Bath, 
and grsnd-dau. of late nev. Sir E. F. bart. 
—At Walcot, Rev. Rolxsrt Moore, Rec- 
tor of Wimborue St. Giles's, co. Dorset, 
to Sophia-Elizabeth, dau. of R. Henshawe, 

esq. of Bath. 90. At Colchester, Rev. 

Htnrjr Hutton, jun, to i^iizabetli-Sophia, 



only dau. of late Rev. A. Beevor^ Rector of 

Bergh-Apton. 98. Rev. T. EUu Rom, 

of Lackford, Suffolk, to Sophia, dan. of Irtt 

Rev. Edward Mills. At Sampfbid-Anui- 

del, Lieut. George-Rivers Luke, R. A. to 
Mary- Anne, dau. of LoveU Todd, esq. of 

Weres Cot, Somerset. 99. At lUclk- 

mond, David Holmes, esq. son of lalt.R. 
H. esq. to Anne, dau. of late Sir Chi^ 

Price, bart. 80. At Angvs, Joho Wdl- 

derbum, esq. to Hon. IjSsf Helen O^Sttjf 
dau. of late» and sister to toe present Xin 
of Airly. 

May 1. At Twickenham, Rev. W. & 
Hayne, Vicar of Hen low, Betifordahire, lo 
Emma, dan. of late John-Eardley WUbmi^ 

esq. of Tottenham. At BeceWt, Bev« 

Thomas Sheriffe, to Geoigiaoat dan. of T. 

Fan, eso. of Beccles. Rev. John BnnWi 

Vicar of Walsall, to Anna-Maria, dan. of 
late Rev. C. Prescott, B J>. Rector of Stock* 
port. — : — ^At Maiylebone, John-Owtn flw> 
bert, esq. of Dolforcan, Montgonierplia% 
to Harriett, dau. of Rev. C. Johnsont Sonlh 

Stoke, Somerset. ^At Chelsea^ Chaiki 

Schreiber, esq. of Hinchelsea-lodge, Hnitii 
to Amelia, dau. of Major- Gen. Sir Jolui 

Cameron, K. C. B. 5. At Westbmj* 

upon-Trym, Major Thos. Pieroe, 8d. i^gL 
Bombay Inf. to Susan, widow of lata O^ 

S. Ford, West Middlesex Militia. 18. 

At Brighton, Wm. Curtis, esq. of FincMeyt 
to Isabella, dau. of late Wm. Soppitt* esq^« 
97. At Twickenham, Rev. Oeorge-Travnr 
Spencer, to Harriett-Theodora, dau* of Sv 
Benjamin Hobhouse, hart. 

June 8. At Bath, John Uniackt* eaqi of 
Baughton, to Anne, dau. of lata Rear-Adm. 
Pierrenoint, of Fartay-hill, Snmj. *«— 9. 
J. A. Warre, esq. M. P. to Florenoe-Cam- 
line, dau. of R. Magenis, esq. M.P.-— — 19. 
At Stockholm, Oscar, Crown Prince of S«e- 
den, son of Charles- John BemadotSe, the pn- 
sent King, to the Prtacess of Leuchtenbmgh. 
July 9. Dan. Keyte Sandford, esq. BJk. 
Professor of Greek at Glasgow, to Henrietta 
Cecilia, dau. of late R. Charnock, caq.-^ 
a. Lieut. Tliomas Probyn, of B.I.C.'t 
Service, son of Archdeacon P. to Maff)gBtt» 
dau. of late Dr. Roberta, of Glooeeiter.— — 
5. T. Holroyd, esq. son of Mr. Justice Hoi- 
royd, to Sanh, dan. of W. Morgan, om. eif 
Gower-st.-^— Hon. H. Lascellea, to Led/ 
Louisa Thynne, dau. of Marquis of BMlk 
8. By soecial licence, Rob. Price, ei^ 
M.P. for Hereford, only son of UvedMe 
Price, esq. o( Foxley, to Marv Anne Blim- 
beth, dau. of late Rev. Dr. Price, PMen- 

dary of Durham. 10. Alex. W. R. Mac- 

douald, esq. son of Major-Gen. the Hon. 
G. Bosville. and nej>liew of Lord Maedo* 

nald, to dau. of late Col. Bayard. 93. 

Rev. Philip Bliss, LL.D. Fellow of St. John'o 
College, sad Sub-Librarian of the Bodlekn, 
to Sophia, fid. dau. of late Rev. Robert-Barter 
Bell, tbrineily Fellow of New College, and 
of Windiesham, ^une^ . 



1983.] 



[ 81 ] 



OBITUARY. 



Admiral John Schank. 

Luajf, At Dtwlifb* aged 83, John 
Iduaky esq. Adminl of the Blue, F.R.S. 
He vM a native of one of the southera 
of Scotland, and was son of Mr. 
Schanky uf Castlerig, co. Fife. 

lUi fentleman faaviii|r entered into 
tk aaral service at an early age, about 
the year 1758, and veiy eoncpicuously 
teittfuished himself while in a subor- 
iuie eapaciiy to that of Lieutenant, 
w, after a laborious service of eighteen 
jnri' continuance, promoted to the lat- 
tvuDk in the month of June 1776, and 
tt tha commencement of the contest 
fith America, commanded tbe Canceaux, 
■ STMcd schooner mounting ten guns, 
Mploytd on the river St. Laurence. 
Thi command he nominally retained 
|wa coosiderable time; we say numi- 
BsOy, for almost immediately after the 
SBBiaencemcnt of the war in Canada, 
bs was appointed superintendant of the 
Unl department at St. John's, and in 
tbe year following received a second 
lawiiiiun, nominating him to the ele- 
vnfld station of senior officer in the 
isfal department in that quarter. In 
fset, ba might have been truly called 
tbs civil Commander-in-Chief, all the 
eoojiinct duties of the Admiralty and 
Xivy Board being vested in him. The 
farce under bis direction was consider- 
able, no less than four different flotillas, 
sr iquadrons of small vessels, being at 
ooe tine subject tu hii direction in the 
cinl line. His exertions and oierii were 
IP coiispicuuos as to draw forth the high- 
eit encomiums from the Comander-in- 
Chief, particularly on account of the 
celeriiy and expedition with which he 
eenitracted a ship called the Inflexible, 
tbe veiy appearance of which veisel on 
tbe lakes, struck with insurmountable 
tsffror the whole American fleet, and 
esaipclled it to Msek for safety in igno- 
Bhiious flight, after having held out a 
nia boast of many months* continu- 
snce, that the fir»t appeamnoa of tbe 
British flotilla would be the certain fore- 
iwiaer of its immediate destruction. 

Eidnsive of the armaments which he 
bad fitted out, and equipped for service 
oa the lakes Ontario, £rie, Eurine, and 
Misbagon, he had the direction of four 
diierent dock-yards at tbe same time, 
ntnatcd at St. John's, Quebec, Carleton 
Islandy and Detroit. In all these mul- 
tipfied branches and divisions uf public 
Aaty, hit diligence and leal were ex- 

Gurr. Mac. Ju/y, ISM, 

11 



ceeded only by the strict economy which 
he paid on all occasions to the public 
money. His services on this occasion 
were not solely confined to the naval 
department; be attended tbe army under 
General Burgoyne, and became not only 
tbe inventor, but the constructor of 
several floating bridges, by tbe auist- 
ance of which iti progress was materially 
aided, and without wbioh it would have 
been in all probability totally impeded 
much sooner than it really was. 

On tbe cessation of hostilities, this 
gentleman returned to England, and 
was almost immediately afterwards pro- 
moted to the rank of Post Captain in the 
Navy. Capt. Schank soon after invented, 
or might ratber be said to have improved 
a former invention of his own, relative 
to the construction of vessels, peculiarly 
adapted for navigating in shallow water. 
He was appointed at tbe beginning of 
1794 to be agent-general, or principal 
agent of transports composing a part of 
tbe formidable expedition, then sent to 
tbe West ludies, under the orders of Sir 
John Jervis, afterwards Earl of St. Vin- 
cent, and Sir Charles Grey, afterwards 
Lord Grey de How ick. So conspicuous was 
bis assiduity in this service, that when 
the reverse of war compelled the British 
troops to quit Flander-;, and retire into 
Holland, whither they were followed by 
the armies of the French Convention, 
Capt. Schank was appointed superin- 
tendant of all transports, or vessels cm- 
ployed in the various services of con- 
veying either troops, stores, or property, 
from one country to the other ; and his 
exfcrtions tended at least to reduce dis- 
aster within its narrowest possible limits. 

The acquisition of coa«t gained by the 
enemy, and the general complexion of 
public nff.tirs, causing an apprebensit)n 
that an attempt might he made to in- 
vade Britain, a new and formidable sys- 
tem of defence was, by the orders of the 
Admiralty Board, projected, arranged, 
and completely carried into execution, 
under the direction of Capt. Schank. 
In short, the defence of the whole coast, 
from Portsmouth to Berwick upon 
Tweed, was confided to him j and few 
commands have ever been bestowed of 
more magnitude and importancci and 
requiring more extensive abilities. Tbe 
objects be had to attain were infinitely 
more multifarious than generally fall to 
the lot either of a land or a naval officer ; 
fvT be was not only under tbe nftam\t>| 

u!i 






-^ ^ • .« M 



ta'««k.^>»- 



. «^« 



^taa ' 



BeriholUi. [Jiri{f« 

Count Bbrthollbt. 
ditcinguithed chemist, whoM 
inc^ vc noticed in vol. zcii. ii. p. 64tp 
«w Wm at Talloire, in Savoy. Htt ««• 
c ^ic< -K %I^ medical profestion, and beeamo 
«^K%2 ]k v^tta va««^ctan to the grandfather of tho pre- 
^««.>« . w «««« ^ai^ .M ;M ftfttt Duke of Orleans. His attainneMt 
•«^ x>« ^iK«it-«« aad hit chemical labours obtained lor 
. « ta. -^it MM.«<^ Vm so high a r«*putation, that sca wtl y 
^*w^ .«> .«tao«i^taiv^ kai he reached his 84th year, wImii lit 
.tf«.t^*«»^ •!« vt «as elected Member of the French Acik 
..^ .t>!N >ri«iv>> demy, and of several learned aocictica 
«.».oir.WMN *f» of Europe. In I794> M. BertholleC «« 
w> • -v c\*«fii^ appointed one of the commiuioncft of 
^ vH^iiv 'J»e<r agriculture and the arts. Two OMMithi 
'.f« .'««fl>.vm« after, he became professor of the Ecole 
>«*««... i«c^' •.IS ««.w.ir -n i<- Xorroale ; and the following year, oi 
■^ .«.«^ •% «^. to the organ if ation of the Institute, ho was 
'.i.K*4 ,r<^>ut* one of the first members. In 1798 M. 
H>^v«. «ene Bertbollet was sent into Italy by tht 
..'^. .%v%^* .M, ,OM.u caU K»r Directory y as one of the persons ehargad 
^ • ^^• K «• i* «<«•.•» ap» with the selection of the pictures, si» 
«««x...i.« a \nc tri>(«pi>rt tues, and other objects, which wer« If 
,^v*«.>. *-* • •<** ^xi.vdiiion be transported to Paris. He then he- 
... fc. . •».* •.«*. ** o*i-*»r, the came connected with Bonaparte, aad 

. ^ .HH«*.<*> '^ «ti<ch he was afterwards accompanied him to Egypt. 

In 1799 he returned to France, and mm 

^h >w .•%«»«%•<•« *• ' ^ tf^^d consti- called to a seat in the Conservmtivo Se* 

. ^„.us*u»^ iiw iNUMpurt ser- nate. He sticcessively received the nnks 

^ .. xo.M< «M* A|»|HMiitrd one of Comte, Grand Officer of the Legion 

^^.«».M««N c«« ; % ^«t i^n be con- d'Honneur, and Grand Cross of theOi4v 

. « K.4 ^'(A ^ bighe«t credit of Reunion. His friendship for Bl. ds 

^..^^. V HuftM..i*t*Uh<^ye«rl80e, la Place determined him to parehast a 

, . .. v.M%H«^*««« ^ awophthalmio c<»untry house in the village ofArenIL 

. V w -^ %^ 4***^ ^^ necessity It was in his house, adjoining the tbodt 

. : K..-9 i^«M »K> UHL^* of public of his colleague, that he establiabod a 

laboratory for experiments, and coUcetoi 
. ^. \ wlh» « wfMt'e of upwards around him a number of yoang physi- 
..^ V «K.wiMM hi* llag, on the cians and chemists, almost all of tlioa 
'^ ..«x>. <«^< In IH09, while his own pupils, in order to promote tbs 
«« uni^.^ o 'M M^te^ ht* was pro- progress of science, and pursue the m^ 
^ 4i..\ 'M lt\Ntr Admiral of tern of analysis. This select ncenor 
^. ^. ,«j<>>>K>»-.\JniirMl of the took the name of the Sod^td d'Areeoul 
. vv^« «« -« ^ux^ Avlmlral of the and published 3 vols, of Memoirs, of tho 
:, .ui^f Vi>»r«| of the Blue. highest interest. His love of chemioU 
"" x« ^ •v** V^^<''*»»*. '^•' •'■*«' "^ science, to which he has so much ooa- 

X s^«v. -»^ '^*»« ^*y **•»*»" *** tributed hy his writings and his ImbounL 

^ ^ ^^^ -MK uMA%«^r whrt married induced him to devote to his apail- 

*.v %>^ '-*■* ^f^^«» •^•N. died ments not only the income which hi 

»**•=»* ^ ^*«"lf faraily* derived from his appointn^ents, bat ' 



->» 



s- 



s*- «. 






^( «iib S>r C. Douglas property, as to oblige him to redan hii 

^ k^*** M * ^ll, tM uUerve the esublishment, and decline appearinf at 

K . \\^--% ••^ •< '^•* •'•■*'' **' Court. Napoleon, when Emperor, it ii 

^ * ^v^*% « N ^1^* *•''• '•*•• •*• r?''^?*' '*'^'"«^ ^**">®<* ^^^ •Itoatioaat 

^ ^ . ^ ... ^k.» aupvivMi that his affairs, sent Tap him »w%A :. . ^.^.^ 



^ «•.>* x»>*«^ '■** ^» *^, 'll,' '^*'!"" •** considerable a part of his penonal 

, ^^ - -« 

V *^ 

^^ C^CV^^ •i^' survived that his affairs, sent for him, and i^ a moo 

^''^ , ^ *Hif w« ***•• •»"' "' **"• of ■ff'ctionate reproach, said, •• M. Bar- 

^ynv . '"^^^^^^ ^ ^1^^ S^iciety for im- tbollet, J'ai toujours cent mille deos as 

'^'^, ^ v^^V ^-vArtT^ww- •••< "" f"^"* service de mes amis." In fact, ha «iw 

^'^ v/^,yfc- ^'^v-t*^" J***^" Sewell, the dered that sum to be immediately OM- 

^ir^* \»^ Ivwitwt ^« w«w the pro- M. Berthollet distinguished hiamtf l» 

IJT V* »^ ^sofwiWmt gentleman ; the most useful discoveries, sueh ai Om 

''^^ »a!» ,^imlr/^" •TJ*'. •• A Sketch composition of ammoniac^hy a noW- 

, ^,T s^sUv *iid a l^iit^r •**•" ••*'*»"« ^«de of valuable and ingenious proeeMea, , 

*'' ^* '"it* a» preserving water fresh by cw- 



^*'^ boniiing 



I 



IMS.] Obituait.— Omi/««f of CardigatL^Sir C. McfdmmU Bi. 9fc. 88 

bwiiini; the imide of barrels i ^ivin^ to ths Duke of Gloucester, Princess Sopbia, 

iia and bemp tbc appearance of cottont and Princess Sophia Matilda, and many 

fte. ftcL He was particolarly successful otbers, attended, 

is bknebinp vegetable subitances by —.... 

•lyftnated muriatic acid ; and this pro- Sir Charles Mordaunt, Bart. 

etsiy introduced into all the great ma« Map 30. At Walton, co. Warwick, Sir 

aafscforiis, has occasioned tbe adoption C. Mordaunt, bart. M. P. He was eldest 

ff a variety of usmes formed in his bo- son ofSirJohn, 7th baronet, by Eliiabetb, 

near, sucb as Bertbollimitre, Berthol- daughter and coheir of Thomas Prowse, 

kar,BBrtbollien,&c M.BertboUet pub- of Axbridge, co. Somerset, esq. He suo- 

Usd many works which attest his su- ceeded his father Nov. 18, 1806, and was 

psrisr genius. The most important is Representative in Parliament for the 

Mi " Essai de Statique Chimique," 3 county of Warwick, since tbe autumn 

fib. 0VO. ISOSt translated into English of 1804, at which lime he came in with- 

hlWM. out any opposition, Mr. Bracebridge 

—»— having derlined a contest in the room 

Cotunii DO.AGBR or Cakdican. t"^ ' hI^II?!?'?^"*'' WpS"'?^"' 

bart. He married, June 31, 1807> the 

Jbw 93. At her bouse in Seymour- eldest daughter of Wm. Holbecb, of 

shoe. May Fair, aged 65, after a short Farmborougb, co. Warwick, esq. ami 

mt pabifbl illness, of an inflammation bad issue a sun and two daughters. 

aUA balBcd the skill of her physicians, 

EBabeth Countess Dowager of Cardi- Sir G. Cooke, Bart. 

pD, widow of James the 5th Earl of June S. At Wheatley, near Doncaster* 

Migin, who died Feb. S4, 1811, and aged 80, Sir George Cooke, Bart. Colonel 

Is whom she was married April S8, 1791 • of the third battalion of the West York 

Her Ladyship was the eldest daughter Militia, and formerly an officer in tbe 

(hsrtwiosister Amelia having died, June royal regiment of Horse Guards Blue. 

1^1768) of John the third Earl of Wal- He was the only son of SirBryso Cooka, 

d^nwe, and Lady Elizabeth-Leveson 6tb hart by Mary, daughter of Colonel 

Qs*er» sister of Granville first Marquis Foley ; succeeded his father Marc^ 4, 

sf fliafbrd, K. G. and was bom May S6, 1 766; married, 1st, in June 1770, Frances 

ITS6. On the establishment of the Jory Middleton, sister of the late Sir 

HsnaAsId of tbe Princess Royal (now Wm. Middleton, of Belsay Castle, co. 

Qaetn Dowager of Wortemberg), she Northumberland, bart. and by her had 

WIS appointed Lady of the Bedchamber issue 3 sons (one of whom is dead). 

Is ber Royal Highness, and continued and II daughters (three of whom are 

iilbat situation up to the period of her dead}. He' married Sdly, the relict of 

■irriage; shortly after which she sue- Thomas Hewett, of Bilham, esq. and 

CMded to tbe same office with our late daughter of the late James Farrer, of 

■est gracious and excellent Majesty Barnborough Grange, esq. and by ber, 

Quca Cbartotte, and discharged the who died July 1814, bad no issue. His 

dsties of tbe same till her lamented de- son George-Augustus succeeds him in 

eesse. Tbe attachment of all the mem- the title and estates. 

Wif of tbe Royal Family to her Lady- 



eommenced in their earliest youth. Sir R. H. Blossrt, Kt. 

lined unshaken to the last, and their Feb. I . At Calcutta, Sir Robert Henry 

daeere grief at ber loss is tbe best tri- Blokset, Knt. Lord Chief Justice of Cal- 

Wte to ber numerous virtues, her steady cutta, formerly an eminent Counsel upon 

hiendship, and amiable qualifications. the Norfolk Circuit, and Deputy Rc- 

Hcr Lad>-ship has left behind one sur- corder of Cambridge. He was appointed 
viviag sister and brother, vU. Lady Caro- Lord Chief Justice of Calcutta, and re- 
fiat Waldegrave, also Lady of the Bed- ceived the honour of knighthood, in 1 833. 
ehaoiber to tbe Princesses; and Admiral The loss sustained, not only by his 
Lsrd Radstock, G.C.B. friends and connexions, but by the pub- 

Her remains were interred in the vault lie at large, and particularljf by the Iii- 

ef tbe Eari of Waldegrave's family at dian empire, will be fully appreciated 

Niffcstock in Ebscx on tbe 1st of July, here, where his talents, learning, and 

The body was inclosed in a coffin of rich virtues were well known. The cloic of 

Qmoa crimson velvet, with heraldic his life, which was ai> exemplary as the 

■raaments, and plate, on which was whole course of it had been, and was 

tbc foUowing inscription : ** Eliaabetb marked by a composed and tranquil 

Coantcia Dowager of Cardigan, died spirit of Christian resignation, has af- 

JeneSS, aged 65 years." The funeral forded an awful and instructive lesson 

pmccsiion was agreeable to her runk ; to that country, which '\i\ iVwi ht\c^l «(ik- 

iW eanisiget of tbcir RojeI Higbae9sek pcriciice of two mouvUft* eiietaw o\ Viiw 



84 Obituaet.— Aeu. ArchdMson Gooch.-^Riv, Jt LamhttU [Mf^ 

judicial funetionif hid jret found am- eminent lltevary ehaniiten of tbaA dig^ 

pie coiifirniatlon of the high character and was not Ims remarkable lor hit ^ 

which bad to detervedlj recommended terary attainmenti than for the pallih 

him to hit appointment. He died of a ed urhanity of hit manners. Hit ion 

diteaie in the lower intestinef, which Jamea, bom the 7th March, 1741« 0.& 

itautt hare been of very long continu- received the rudimeiitt of hit edueaite 

ance, and which the faculty were fur- at the Grammar-echool at Woodbridf^ 

prised had not much earlier put an end under Mr. Ray till about the ^ftaeMk 

to hit life. year of bit age, when hit father iopm^ 

intended it till he wai admitted ia 17M 



Rsr. Archdeacon Gooch. to College. In 17(>3 be beeai 

•/icijf 14. Suddenly, at Leamington, lar on the foundation, In 1764 obtain* 

Warwickshire, where be bad been ttay- ed the Cbancellor't Quid Medal for Clan 

ing for the heneAt of hit healtht the tical attainmentt, taking hit first da« 

Venerable Archdeacon Gooch. This di- gree, B.A. tbe tame year, when ba mm 

▼ine wat the third son of Sir Thomat fifth or sixth on the firtt Tripoa, or what 

Goochy of Benacre Hall, Bart, by Anne, it generally called fifth or tisth Wrangler. 

the daughter and heirets uf Juhu At* In 17C5 he was elected Fellow of Trinity 

wood, of Saxlingham, in Norfolk, e«q. College, and about that time wai onU»- 

He received bit academical education ed. He became officiating curate at ^ 

atChritt Church, Oxford; and proceeded derton and Bawdsey, near Woodbridgii 

to the degree of M. A. Feb. 3, 1776, in In 1767 lie took bit degree of M. A. ud 

which year he was presented by hit became a resident and assistant tntor il 

father to the Rectoiy of Benacre, with Trinity College, in 1771 he was elected 

Eatton, and Northalet aiimt Corehithe, Greek Prufeuor. About thit time tht 

in the county of Suffolk, annexed. In great question wat agitating for tbn re^ 

1783, he wat presented by the same lief of tbe Clergy in the matter of Mb? 

patron to the United Rectories of Sas« script ion to the 39 articles, which wM 

lingbamNethergAte,SaxlinghamThorpe, greatly supported by many of the most 

and Shartngton, in tbe county of Nor- distinguifhed members of tbe Univws 

folk. In 1783, on the translation of Dr. tity, among whom Mr. Lambert waa hf 

Bagot from the See of Brittol to that of no meant the least active. In 1779 ha 

Norwich, he wai appointed bit Lord- received a proposal to accompany Pfinca 

•hip's Domestic and Examining Chap- Poniatowsky to Poland, which ha di> 

lain ; and in the following year was ap- dined. In 1773 he formed the retofai* 

pointed by him Archdeacon of Sudbury, tion not to accept any Clerical prefcfc 

In 1785 he wat presented by Dr. Moss, ment, in which be persisted to bis deatl^ 

Bishop of Bath and Wells, to the Pre- baring repeatedly passed by the besi 

bend of Whitchurch, in that Cathedral, livings in tbe gift of the College, whiob 

In 1798 be was presented by his former in succession were offered to him. la 

patron. Dr. Bagot, then Bishop of St. 1774 the University wat much occupiad 

Ataph, to tbe tinecure Rectory of Whit- with the retolutiont then proposed hf 

ibrd, in tbe county of Flintthire. In Mr. Jebb for annual examinations^ el 

1818 be wat presented by his brother, which Mr. Lambert wat a ttrenoom 

the present Baronet, to tbe Rectory of supporter, and wat named one of tim 

Billesley, in tbe county of Warwick. syndicate or committee to establish • 

By his wife, Barbara, the daup^bter of plan of uniting polite literature wkb 

Ralph Sneyd, of Kcat Hall, in Stafford- the mathematical and philosophic«| 

shire, esq. by Barbara, hit wife, the ttudiet of tbe place. In this attempt 

daughter of Sir Walter Bagot (father to he had, among other eminent men, log 

tbe firft Lord Bagot), of Blitbfield, bart. his intended colleagues. Dr. WnlsOBb 

tbe Archdeacon hat had five children, t^. afterwardt Bishop of Landaff; Hvfg 

John -Lewis, Heniy- Edward, Caroline* afterwards Norrisian Professor of Ditl* 

Barbara, George-Thomas, and Charles- nity, and author of Lectures on tbn Ig 

Francis. .—..-. articles; Dr. Farmer, well known among 

Rbv. J. Lambert. Sbakspeare's criticks and book eoUae- 

Jpril 8. At Fersfield Parsonage House, t«irsi Pxley ; Tyrrwhitt, the well-ka«fni 

Norfolk, the Rer. James Lambert, Unitarian, who shewed bis aeal for Cbfi 

Senior Fellow of Trinity College, Cam- University by leaving at bis death 400Wk 

bridge. He was tbe son of Rev. Thomas for the encouragement of Hebrf w idits 

and Anne Lambert, the father being at rature; and Pearce, afterwards Msster at 

the time of his birth Vicar of Thorp, Jesus College, and Dean of Ely. His eqU 

near Harwich, and afterwards Rector of leagues were not, however, all agreed b| 

Melton, near Woodbridge, in Suffolk, tbe approbation of the plan, for we find 

He was a member of the Zodiac Club, by Dr. .lebb's account of the proceedings 

at Cambridge, consisting of the most of those time«, that Dr. Halifax and Dr, 

Farmer 



I 



OBitUAHT.— ffn. J. Lambert.'^Rev. W. EUioi. 



M 



r * did all in tbeir power to o^ 
ftDd dittmf tbtir brethrtn^" Far* 
eelarinf that Um propoMd graco 
d be the ruin of the Univenity^ 
ake the fonndatiooa of the Con- 
M in Church and State.*' In con- 
es of the appointmeot of the Syn- 
, idneCeen reaokitioni were pro- 
whieh were ail re)eetedy there 
fw the fint tiK— Ayei 43^Noet 
W the next fire. Ayes 41— Noea 
W the next eight. Ayes 38— Noes 

le other attempts were made* but 
f ikiledy and no alteration took 
till the year 1780, when another 
Ǥ added for examination, and 
trass was laid upon National Law 
loral i^iloiophy, particularly on 
on the Human Understanding. 
S Mr. Lambert quitted the Auis- 
^Btonbip, and in 1777 left College 
arintcndthe education of Sir John 
If Leicester, bart. and bis bro- 
nalding with them at Lady Lei- 
'i, partly in London, and partly 
icy, in Cheshire. In 1780 he re- 
the Greek Professorship, and in 
Im returned to College with Sir 
leicester. iiis connection with the 
Mr family continued till 1787, 
Iha two younger brothers, Henry 
Ibarles, took tbeir Bachelor's de- 
bom which time he resided prin- 
r m College, making occa&ional 
■ens on visits to bit numerous 
I In different parts of the island. 
tf be was appointed Bursar of the 
c^ which be held for 10 years; 
hie tiose, to nearly the end of bis 
e. was punctual in bis attendance 
I annual examinations, as also at 
cmminatious fur scholarships and 
liipi. 

Lambert, though well versed in 
ferer studies of the University, 
love attention to Polite Literature 
iMology. To the latter subject bis 
ratlous scruples necessarily made 
iVDte much of his time, and it was 
U after a thoroufi;h examination 
Scriptures, that he gave up the 
net of Atbanasius, and adopted in 
Head the precepts of our Saviour, 
ling to the true principles of Pro- 
ts, that from the Bible, and from 
b|e only, tbeir religion is establish- 
id though he sacrificed much to 
■dence, the consequent losses did 
dte a moment's regret, and no one 
to have followed better the apos- 
precept, ** Rejoice evermore.** 
■nl History, in every branch, was 
I his favourite pursuits. 
! elegant and moral turn of hi§ 
m well kauwa to tliote fricads to 



whom on various oceaalmis he commu- 
nicated thoae poetical effaslone which 
never failed to unite instruction with 
amusement. He particularly endeaied 
himself to the young, who nerer lost 
their regard for him In after age« 

His eheerfulnesa did not fbrsidce hia 
to the last, and after a well-spent lile, 
he left this world with the utmost r^ 
signation to the divine will, and tlie 
Christian hope that he sbouM in a fu^ 
tore life be admitted to participate in 
the glories of his Saviour. 

Though he outlived many of his 
friends, sufllcient are still left to che- 
rish his memory, with the recollection of 
his virtues, that integrity of character, 
amiable disposition, and highly-pfted 
mind, for which be was so eminently 
distinguished. 

He departed this life at the house of 
bis much-valued friend and relative^ 
Mr. Carter, at Fersfield, and was buried 
agreeably to his wish, in the Parish 
Church of that village. 

Rev. W. Elliot. 
The late Rev. W. Elliot, whose death 
we noticed in our last vol. pt. ii. p. 476, 
was a native of Langholm, N. & and was 
educated at the University of Edinburgh, 
where he distinguished himself. On hit 
leaving College in 1 809> he went to sen 
with Sir P. Malcolm. Next year be sailed 
to the East Indies, and when the expe- 
dition was undertaken against Java, be 
was on board the flag-ship i and was 
made purser to the Baraconta sloop of 
war. On bis return to Madras, be found 
that he had been promoted to the Buce- 
phalus frigate, in which vessel be re- 
turned to Europe in 1813. After re- 
maining nearly a year among bis friends 
in Scotland, he again Joined his ship, 
and was employed in conveying back 
the Russian troops to St. Petersburgh, 
and afterwards in the unfortunate expe- 
dition against New Orleans. Though 
following a profession little congenial to 
literary pursuits, he continued with great 
diligence a course of study, and in addi- 
tion to keeping up bis acquaintance with 
the classics, be added an intimate know- 
ledge of most of the European languages^ 
On the reduction of our naval establish- 
ment, be directed bis views to the Church 
of England, and received ordination from 
the £sbop of Norwich. He obtained 
the curacy of Walford, the duties of 
which he discharged with the greatest 
assiduity and leai. Through his means 
the heritors liberally endowed a school 
which bad never before been known in 
the parish, and he had the satisfaction to 
see it productive of the mo«l Vi«vi«C\e\i!L 
effects* He died at the cmW %e% qI %^- 



85 OBiTVAmr.— Z>r« RktoHt.—CapL Wm. CutJkH, R,S. [Julf. 




Dk. RiDOirr. in cutting out the entmj** vcHeli^ «mh 

Mfyjf S3. In the Creivent^ Brid|:e-fC« dncting prizet into portp fte. te. fecb. 

Blaekfriart, in bit 66tb year, John Gibbt quently cauwd honourable mcn ri w rf 

Ridouty M. D. and fonneriy an eminent hit name in the Gazette of that tlmt^ 

apothecary in Paternotter-row. Dr. Ri- and procured him hit captain'a rnahalt ' 

dout, for tome yean patt» had in a great tion in May 1808, at that time abNl 

meature retired from the practice of hit the Sltt year of hit age. On hit idVB 

Kfofettion, in which he had acquired a home in 1809 he volunteeicd hit m^ 

igh reputation ; hut with hit charac- ricet to the commander-ifi-chief of ihi 

Ccriitie benevolence he hat been actively naval part of the Walcheren ezpedhin^ 

employed in attiiting in the manage- and wat appointed by him to conmMd 

■MUt of teveral public Inttitutiont, all the troall hired craft employed ; aai 

which will tentiblv feel the lott of hit at the close of that expedition i MWi gh l 

valuable and duinteretted tervicet. home the ditpatcbet to Govemi ~^ 

Among these may be particularly noticed from Sir Richard Straehan. He 

the Society of Apothecariet of London, tinued on half pay till June 1814, 

•f whote Court of Atsltuntt Dr. Ridout he wat appointed to command the Wood- 

wat a uteful Member ; and wat very lark sloop of war, which be immediatd|y 

atflduous in his attendance on the Com- joined at Plymouth, and wat empkytl 

mitieeof£xaminers under the recent Act on tome active tervicet between that 

of Parliament, which is so calculated to port and Pattaget till the beginninf rf 

finurove the regular practice of Medicine. 1815, when he wat ordered ap the KMi- 

With the purett principlet and integrity terranean with ditpatchca for Sir C V. 

of character, he wat hieited with a tin- Penrote. In 1816 he returned and pmd 

gular tweetneu of temper, aqd Idndli- off hit thip at Chatham: from that taat 

nets of disposition i and possessed social till Oct. 1891, he remained on half hk 

qualities of the mott pleating descrip- In Jan. 1828, being appointed to til 

lion. Barracouta, he tailed from Spithead it 

— ^— company with Capt. Owen, of the Lewa 

Capt. VTm. CirrriBLD, R. N. frigate, hit commodore, on a voyagt ta 

ATev.SO, 1838. At Dclagoa Bay, Africa, survey and explore the harboms anl 

ajpsd 35, Capt. William Cutfleld, R. N. rivert on the eattem coast of Aflriea; 

Ciommander of hit Majesty's sloop of On hit return from the sorvey of one rf 

war the Barracouta. the rivers in Delagoa Bay, after aq ab* 

Cant. Cutfleld was the eldest son of sencd^ of 14 days' arduous service in tht 

Mr. J. Cutfleld of Deal, an old and meri- open boats, the fever, so dfendfld ft» 

torious ofileer, who had been upwards of tnose parts, appeared among the cnm% 

WO vaars a Master in his Majesty*! Navy, and to that cruel disorder this woit^ 

and who during the last vears of the war young officer, eight others, and <n> of tha 

was Muter Attendant of that dock-yard, crew, unfortunately fell vietima. TlHf 

Capt. Cutfleld entered the Navy in penetrated 80 miles up the river, h>f^ 

1 7 1)0, on board the Oveiyssel man of ing to encounUr the dreadful I 

war, of 64 guns, Capt. (now Admiral) called the hippopotamus, who bit 

Baarly. In 1799 he went in her to the five planks from one of their boaU, 

Tesel, and in 180S he left her to join to disperse large piirties of the nativai 

the Arrow, Capt. Vincent, and after who endeavoured to surprise them imi^ 

orulaing some time in the channel, iug their bivouac on shore, 

sailed ill her to the Mediterranean, whero The death of this brave and enterpifi* 

he toon afterwardt Joined the Belleisle, ing young officer is a great low to tl» 

ilh\^. (now Admiral) Hargood, one of Naval service of his country, and mail 

the ships of Lord Nelson's squadron, ever be teverely felt by hit much aOleiiA 

ihrn on the look out for the French and relatives, to whom his exemplary condnefr 

Hpaiilfeh combint^ fleets. In the memo- at a good son, an affectionate bfotber, 

rable action which followed he wat a generout friend, Juttlyendearad' ' 

tllghtly wounded in the breatt, and toon *— - 

afterwards he came home in hopes of Mr. J. MrrAN. 

promotiun ; but being disappointed, be Aug. 16, 1898. At his house in Wau__ 

again Joined the Bellifisle, in which he st. Fitsroy-square, London, James Mltaa» 

served as mate for some months. In a line engraver of considerable celebriiy* 

March 1806 he was promoted to the He was bom in London, Feb. 13, 17f 6^ 

rank of Lieutenant, and soon after was and tbe rudiments of education waw 

appointed to tbe Grasshopper, Capt. Uught him by bis father, until hii tmtA 

Searle, and tailed in her to the Medi- year, when he wat placed at Mr. Klng^ 

terranean, where the very active service Academy, Sobo. Here he contlnaed 

he wat employed in during the year two years, and then rereived farther ln« 

1807, pcr|)etually commanding the boatt ttructiuns at home. In 1790 he waa 

articled 



^y. OtuiUART. — i>/r. J. Milaa. — Mrt. Rmtttift. 8J 

: I*. Mr. Vincent, ■ writing-en- Mat^ucJBall rorOibin'a"£de>Alihtirp- 
..lial«o«n bHunlne lircd uf ibe ianie" — worki which will imniortaliie 

a<< A. B, C, and ■timulalrd by liim.niitl place hiErame wilh llicWoolleU, 
mcc of the proluctiont of llie Byrnei, and tLectlebialed eugraren 
lip, wbo wu a eontenipurary ap- ol the Eog^Jiah achool, nbose talenii ar* 
equal to iboie of any roreign profeisur. 
Amuiii; (he pupiU who owe Bum e share 
of their celebrily ti> Mr. Mitan, may be 
oned hi«bri)lher, the engraver of 



nldic 

1 <••* nucb iii(l(blcd (ur inttruc- 
dntwing Id Mr. Agar, ihei 
t Mr. Cbmrman'i. Havinf; en- 
tHMilf ai » atudent of the Ruyal 
y, Somertet House, be com- 
cupjirii; (he ticket! ol BartolDiti, 
cb became a tource of improve- 
k lilm u well u of emolument. 
idM eipiring June 7. 1T97. hli 



a Mr, Baity'S Vicm 

two Flnderis ; a ion of Mr. Freeh 
the late UndECupe-paJnter ; and 
artitli diilinguished in tbii brai 



Mkh. Radcliffe, 
Ftt. 7, 1823. In Slaff..r(l-row, PimlJPO, 
ill hue CSd year, Mra. Anne Radellffe, wife 
of Wm. R. etq, barr liter- at-Uw, and late 
proprietor and editor of the Eiigltih 
t MBce me prima inai are Chronicle. Thli lady was known and 
U be of his engratiiig are hut admired by tlie Horld, a« the able and 
companion »iib the worka of ingenious autboreis of lonie of (be best 
iodrra tngravrrs. In the year romancei that have ever appeared in the 
' alakivated arebiieclural design. English language; and which, to the 
It fnduttion was a design lor a honour of the country, hate been ttuit- 
lUc* over the Meriey at Run- lated into every European tongue, and 
^teaa (eet in length, and drawn read every where with enthusiasm. Her 
aborale niinuieneu. He next l^rtt work wa**<Aibtin and Dumblainei" 
itMfo (or a Monument to com- her second, " The Romance of tbc 
urn lb* (iclory of Waierloo, fuur Forest ;" and her third, " Tbe Sicilian 
« by feve, that nearly employed Romance," which ettablisbed bet fam* 
t i»r Ibrca muiitbt, during which ai an elegant and original writer. Her 
t at tW>M or four o'clock every next production was the fatnoua " Mys- 
ift tbU drawing was eiblbiied at teriea of Udolpbo," for which the HeM. 
jml ftridrmj He also engraved Robinsout gave her lOOOf. and were well 
iMtai, *n«r hit own deslgni, fur repaid (or Lbeir ipecuUtioii, tbe work 
abtbj, lb* Freemason's Socieiy, being uiiivertally Sought for, and maay 
Ima ^itiona tvideaily endan- large edition! rapidly sold- Mra. Rad- 
1 b«*Itb, wbith was much re- clilfe published in 1795, " A Journey 
mnde in the Summer nf 1794, through 
Holland and the Weiiei - 
Germany, wilh a return down the Rbinei 
to which are addrd. Observations during 
a Tour to tbe Likea oi Weatmorland 
and Cuiaberland," 4to. afterwards re- 
.n 3 vols. 8vo.j but, in describing 



I bjr riding on horseback ; 
g aftrrwaids with bis 
M bronchi on, uUiinately, a para- 



leaning a wile and family to re- 
• irreparable lots, aud robbing 
I o( an eicallent and modest pro- 
He wia never heard to speak of 
■arks bat with great humility ; 

was amply repaid for this dilfl- 

if tb' uiiniurted praii 

sr« trf ad, all ol whom were anx- 

panns bia work« for the embel- 
it ai tb«r portfulios. His man- 
ir« )DtM and polite, and he was 
■Moa to eocuarage genius where- 

•rtodpUl ptoduetions ara engrav- 
r Mn. Inchbaya Theatre; some 
bMri'i Vi^ieltes to the Irish Me- 
at Sanifke't Dnigna for Don 
)| GMatd Do*'* Muiteiani Les- 
■^ Pa(e i Jnitrtor of Worceaicr 
•y I MBD* plates to Mr. Dibdin's 
npNnI Tmn and lastly, a de- 
I HI, bAu hlcubcrg, of tbc 



Diatlers-offacl, 

equally lavaurcd. Some years after, 
diifl- Meu. CailelL and Davlea gave ber ISOOf. 
if the for her " Italians," nhjch, though gene- 
' anx- rally read, did not increase her repula- 



She bad been indisposed for about a 
month with a violent cold, which termi- 
nsled in inflammation. Among ibe 
female ornaments of English literature 
she win long hold one of the highest 
ulaces, and be remembered as near tbe 
head uf a school which bas been the 
EooTCe of very general sympathy and de- 
light. Her powers of pli 
singularly great, and the happy combi- 
nation of various islenta which bar pieces 
display, entitled her to l' "'' "* ~ 
o\ tbe first novel-writers 




OsiTVAiYii— JtfAji Skephardf Eiq,^^Mf. A. Riddoek. [Jidj. 



tW ^vMitiM ««iMi iiit«npencd MUMic 
Imc l«Uii» aiiMt raite ber highly in the 
valiuMlivu ttf wttiy poetical genius. In 
ftfmm* Mr«. iUdciiffa was of diosiniitiTO 
•i«r I AMdt ihiriigr the prime of her life, 
«he» she BtMU ID company, her eon- 
twrsatiou was vivaciout, and unalloyed 
htf the pedamic (ormaUty which too often 
•harmotcriaes ihe maanen of Uteraiy 
ladies. 

John Shkphard, Esq. 

Jul^ 9. At BriKbton, after a lingerinf 
Ulurts» in the 68tb year of his age» John 
Sihephard, of Kvnsinfton-square, and of 
Uootors* Commons, esq. Deputy Regis- 
IMT of the Diocese of Loudon. He was 
hvried on the 18th in his family vault 
ki Kensington church-yard. During his 
long and well-spent life he maintained 
AA uniform and dignified deportment, 
tampered hf Khe poUteneu and urbanity 
of a gentleman. He was never so much 
•hsorhed in the graver duties of his pub- 
lic and proftuional concerns, as either 
to preolude the facilities of access, or to 
deprive his friends of the comforts of hii 
advii*c and experience} and while he ad- 
hered correctly to the requisite preci- 
•Ittiis uf bis profeuiun, be was ever 
mindful of the interests which they were 
Intended to protect : he filled the uflke 
ct I^vputy Registrar for 18 years past, 
with the entire approbation of his Supe- 
ilors, and with the general satisfaction 
of his prufeaiional brethren, and of the 
public. 

In the domestic circle of his family 
and fr»«udii, no man mcire happily blend- 
od eorrfctiieita of principle, sentiment, 
And esamplc, with the Uberslities and 
afli*tfiiuns uf social lifei or better under- 
•luod and practised those amenities which 
ahliie with iucreased lustre in such 
MiiidB ul liiglier attainments : he enter- 
taiiMd the purrst sentiments of religious 
eeunlloais, freed alike from gloom or 
iloiihi I at the same time no one was ever 
■lorti divrsird of their outward display : 
hl« uiiiraliiy was founded on the basis 
•f divine inith, and his final hope on 
iho iHiiiMiUdun uf tternal peace! his re- 
gar«U «rrr nriihrr shaken by any vicis- 
situdes ul fortune or uf temper, nor by 
the Iralltles uf caprice:— and these more 
iMiiiuaie affri'tious, the best gift of our 
Halurii, were largely exemplified In his 
heart and disposition, which deeply che- 
rliliMl Ihe hleiftiugs of conjugal and 
iwreulal li»vr ! In the hours uf hia re- 
llremenl fruin business, he found ample 
ffesMnrrra in llie advantages of a liberal 
•du«*aiuin, and of the subsequent pur- 
atilta i»l dr»|«er studies, he cultivated .i 
lovu of learning and literature for their 
A«u sakesi and his convertation, always 






animated* dieerful, and intenallBg is 
bis hearers, waa repleta wHh lo i atp a 
tioDy delivered with Hasaiwal aocwaqr, 
and seaaoned by the happieat rwiMcness 
to the best writers of modem tiasaa. Ai 
his integrity was unshakciiy so Ua |«l^ 
ment and self-posiession wen ■wtiis 
and invariable i and theae fafimiUs 
qualities were bis constant fompanlsai 
to his last moments: and even whsa 
bis body waa gradually aiaUng oat 
of life, they helped to aapporC Ui 
aoul in tranquillity, and enaUad hlBb 
with a pious and calm Joy, to biaathi 
the peace of his departing aplrit onr 
those who received the tender m^ 
nals of his last afiectiona! Tknly aHf 
his sorrowing relatives and frftands d^ 
dare, •• that he lived beloved and dM 
lamented"— the remembranea of Ui 
virtues will assuredly be recorded la ths 
beams of everiasting peace I A Gh^ 
respondent, who will carry with him la 
the grave the recollection of these falat 
outlines of his departed friend, wall 
knows that there are none ao well aUfe 
40 fill up these traces of hia charaauih 
as those who have had the beat cauasia 
appreciate them, namely, the affiectioaaH 
heart of his mourning widow, andtfcl 
steady virtues of bis children. Whsl- 
aoever things are ]ust, whatsoever tUagl 
are of good report, if there be any ti^ 
tue, if there be any pnuae, it was hb , 
daily pleasure to think on these thhigsl 
Oh, let me die the death of the rigbteoa^ 
and let my last end be like his ! A. H. 

Mr. a. Riddoch. 

LaUly. At Dundee, Mr. Alesaadir 
Riddoch, according to medical repoitt af 
an ofsified heart,^-or, in common §■•• 
guage, of old ag«; for he waa oa Wi 
borders of 60. Mr. Riddoch long atatA 
foremost in the municipal histaiy>j|f 
Dundee, and but recently ceased to 4t- 
ert an unbounded influence over Ite 
borough councils. He entered into oAfli . 
in the year 1 776, and never again ipiiHii 
the council till after bis eaaminalla 
before the Committee of the Hoaia af 
Commons in 1819. In private lifo, Mgw 
Riddoch was kind, friendly, a Uhaail 
landlord, a generous benefactor to i 
to whom be took a fancy for, and 
went all lengtbs with him. Hia i 
fortune, with the esception of a 
legacy to the Lunatic Asylum, i^ 
moderate one to the Kirk-scssion, ia 
properljf divided among his ralaliooii . 

— . i|| 

Mr. Rowland Rouse. • 

Junt SO. At Market Harborough, Im n^ 
bis 84th year, Rowland Rouse, gent, aan s» 
of Mr. Samuel Rouse, draper, of MarlMC ;m 
Harborough, by Susannah, daughter af 

William . 



--i 
m 



1 
I 



S 



18S3.] Obitua&y.— Afr. Roustj^Mn. DavUs.^^Mr. R. Bowman. S$ 

WiUimm RawUnd, of Pillerton Hertejr, Mr& Dayies. 

epu Warwick, gent. 4pn7 6. At Pentrc, co. Pembroke* 

The worthy but uorortuiiate father of after only an hour's illness, in her GBih 

thi lau Mr. Rouse was a food Mat be- year, Susanna, wife of David Davies, esq. 

!■■«»"■" and Astrunomerj as well as an M. D. of that place. She was descended 

■geaious Mechanic. Mr. Samuel Kuuse from a veiy ancient Welch family^ being 

«u honoured with the friendship and the only surviving heiress of £rasmus 

airRSpondenceofMr.WhiBtun,L)r.Long« Saunders, esq. of Pentre, by Jane» also 

iht Rev. Wm. Lu«llani» and Dr. Mason, the surviving heiress of Richard Pbilipps, 

Woodwardiaii Professor; as also with esq. of Dolbaidd, co. Caermarthen, and 

that of Mr. Richard Uuntburne, butler of Moei-Ivor, co. Cardigan. The SheriflP 

of Peuibroke Hail, who wa4 a good for that county in 1553 was of this 

i iMmomer. Mr. R. Aud Mr. D. became house, and from whom she was lineally 

f aeqaaintedy by their engaging, at the descended ^ which estates are still in- 

nae period (unknown to each uther) herited by her family. The Saunders's* 

■ constructing Tables of the Moon's her paternal family, came over with Wil- 

Msiions, from Sir Isaac Ncwtun's The- liam the Conqueror, and originally settled 

sty. These Tables were published at in Surrey, having had grants of the ma- 

Ckoibridge by Mr. DuntUorne in 1739. nor of Slnderstead in that county^ and 

IV great engineer, Mr. Smeaton, no- held other considerable possessions in 

tiod Mr. S. Roujc, who i« respectfully England ; they however subsequentlj 

MMioned in papers read at the Roysd settled in Pembrokeshire, and were at 

Ssriety in I75<), on the Natural Powers different periods connected by marriage 

of Water and Wind. He also was the with the first families in South Wales. 

int person who attempted to bring the The manners of this lady were at once 

kcbt-leaver balance into use, which will gentle, conciliating, and dignified. In 

appear from a paper read at the Royal her own family, she was perfect in the 

Society, Jane G, 1763, as published bv duties of a wife and mother, blending 

Mr.Lodlam. For this very balance, VaL towards her children the authority of a 

Aaichaiii and F. Schlaffs had the mo- parent, with the confidence of a friend. 

iMy to apply for« and did obtain, a She was interred April 15th, at Manar- 

pMeot. divy, near the remains of her ancestoriy 

From his father, the late Mr. Row- followed by her disconsolate family and 

land Ruuse inherited little but his good many of her relations, and accompanied 

name, for the father, like many other by the 8urn>unding families, together 

iil^ious Projectors, descended to his with numbers of the poor, who had long 

^ve, Jan. 14, 1775, a bankrupt, with partaken of her bounty, 
a broken heart. ■ 

Mr. Rowland House possessed a very Mr. Robert Bowman. 

Uraug natural under&taiidiu';, almost t/une 13. At Irtbini^ton, near Carliilc, 

vbiilly uii cultivated, except in his pro- in his 113th year, Mr. Robert liowman. 

frttiuiial habits as draper and aurtionct.T. This Cumberland Patriarch was born at 

imbicb latter capacity he had opp-ir- Bridgewoud Foot, a hamlet about two 

nuitics of collecting occiisionally suniu miles from Irthington, in the month of 

carious articles of autitpiity or verifi, October 1705, in the house where his 

ud be possessed the character in \ua graniliatlitr had resided, and where his 

icighbourhood of sl great uHtiquary, He father also was born, both of uhom were 

had also a strong taste for the siutly of brouj;ht up to husbandry, llis anees- 

Heraldry, in which under many disad- tors were Roman Catholics, and in the 

vsAiage«, he made some ]iro<;re&s, and early part of his life he professed that 

letaaily compiled an inmunse volume religion; but many years a^o he became 

ou that subject, for which he exi>ccied a a member of the C'hunth of England, 

Isrce remuneration from bnnie advtrn- and was a constant and orderly attend- 

tnruHS Bookseller, but (unfortunately ant upon Divine Worship until prevented 

fur Mr. R) such Adventurer was nevt r by age and infiriniiy. From early youth 

found. There ii> a portrait of tbi4 wor- he had been a Uborious worker, and 

ibj and respectable man, IV. tynght was at all tiine-i healthy and strong, 

fuail—'jyMdthorpi: iculjt. Mr. Rou^e having never taken medicine nor been 

vas many years azo* an occasional con* visited with any kind of illnesH, except 

tributor to this Magazine, on subjects the measles when a child, and the hoop- 

of Heraldry. ing cough when he wa* above one hun- 

— ^— ^— "— — ^— ■^— ~~" dred year* of a;je. During the course 

* See a view and account of Market ^f \^\^ |un^ life be was only once intox- 

Harborough Chapel, in Ijb'j, vol. XXXV. icated, which was at a wedding, and he 

I- *-M-*- never u»td tea or coffee \ \i\b yt^^'^H^*^ 

Gz.vr. .V.««. ,/u/y, IBiiJ. K^/^ 

U 



90 OBXTUAaY. — Mr^ R. Bowman. — Clergymen deceased. \J^J, 

food havinj:been breml, potatoes, hasty- intellect(i became rather impaired. On 

puddiiifCt broth, and occasionally a little the 12th inst. he was seized with illness, 

flesh meat. He scarcely ever tasted ale which in fourteen hours put a period to 

or spirits, bis chief beverage being water, his protracied existence. He grew 

or milk and water mixed ; this absle- weaker and weaker as the day decHiiedi 

miousness arose partly from a dislike but experienced no sickness, 

to strong liquors, but more from a sav- Mr. Bowman resided during the latter 

ing disposition. With these views his part of his life with one of his sons upon 

habits of industry and disregard of per- his own estate, and has died possessed 

sonal fatigue were extraordinary; hav- of considerable property, the fruit gf 

Ing often been up for two or three nights unwearied perseverance and active in- 

in a week, particularly when bnnjjing dustry through a longer portion of time 

home coals or lime. In his younger tban usually falls to the lot of man. 

days he was rather robust, exrclleni in ^ 

bodily strength, and was considered a ^ 

master in the an of wrestling-an exer- CLERGY RECENTLY DECEASED, 

ciie to which he was particularly at- ^^ At Cowbridge, GlainoiBaBshii., 

tached. He was of a low stature, being the Rev. Jo«/i/to Afor^an, D. D. '^ Ht i« 

not above S feet 5 inches inches in ^^ j^^^^ ^,^^,j ^^^^^^ ^^^ ^ 

height, with a large chwt, well prc^ ceedetl M. A. 1773 j B. and D.D. 1779V 

portioned limbs, and weighing about 12 j^ ^^ ^^ Sherborne, in his 58th jm, 

stone. His vigor never forsook him till ^^^ j^^^ ^^,^,^^ ^^,^^,^„^ ^^^^ was 28 «ais 

far advanced ill life, for in his lO^Jthyear ^^^^ j. j^, respected pastor of the ImU- 

he walked to and from Carlisle (lb miles) ^^^^^ ^fj^^^^^ ^j congregation la thrt 



without the help of a staff, to see the *^^^ 



appointed by tM 
He waa thi 

Jeoson, Vn- 
and ona cf 

_^ , ^ hi$ classinl 

derible share of natural sense, with caiic^iio,Vat Trinity College, Cambrito 

passed a life of adinitunl to Priest's orders by the 1 
great regularity and prudence, without „f Lincoln the preceding Sunday, sfier 



much self-denial, and passed a life of ^a^nittod to Priest's orders by the 

great regularity and prudence, without „f Lincoln the preceding Sunday, sfier whicfc 

troubling himself by much thouj-ht or ],p ^y^t on a visit to his brother, Heurf 

refloction. His memory was very tena- je,w)u, esq. at hU house at HamptoQ» whan 

cious. He remembered the rebellion in j^j. g-jLlenod and died. 

1715, when he was ten years of a? e, and yj,„^ .,„ j^^ Chadacre Hall, in Shin^ 

witnessed a number of men rtmning li„g, siuff^ifc, ^ed 6*9, the Rev. JbAnPtan-' 

away from the danger. In the seooinl ^,j,,, j i^,, resi)cctable divine received ha 

rebellion, in the year 1745, he was em- uc'-idemKal education at Jesus CoIlegiSv 

ployed ill cutting trenches round Car- Cambridge, where he proceeded B. A. la 

lisle; but fled Ironi his disngrteable 1776*; and being classed the 12th WrangWf 

Rituatioii as soon as an opportunity af- o„ i)^^ Tripos, wns in consequence thcRol^ 

forded for escaping. He did not marry elected Fellow. In 177f>, he proceeded 

till he was 50 years of age, and his wife M. A.; in 17.04, he was presented by lui 

lived with him 53 years, dying in l»i07. Society to the Rectory of Whatfield; aad 

aged 81. In IBIO one of his brothers m 1 800, to the Rectory of Stanstcad. TIm 

died at the ai;u of OD, and in 1818 a Rev. John Clubbe, the witty and ingcniooi 

cousin died aged y5 ; another cousin is author of *• the History of Wheatfield»'' 

now living, 87 years old. He has left wns once Rector of Whatfield, and to Ui 

sixs(.m,theyoungestof whom is 50 years mcmor}s Mr. Plampin erected the fbUo«^ 

of a;;e, and tht^ eldest 0*^2; his ^rand- ing eirgant and classical Imeription. It if 

lb 
of 
he 

bility appeared alout his person before md shrubs which Mr. Clubbe had planted. 

181:i, whtfii he took to his bed, and never It is as follows : 

was able to use his limbs affcrwardF. .Ioiianm CtUBnE, 

poring the first nine years of his con- ^ale c£ faeetiis ante omnes 

flnement his health and spirits cutttinued priuio, 

good, «ind lie was free from corporeal cui ulim hue pimis 

pain; but tor tliL* last twelve months his ct ijisa lure arbusta, 

apprimt 




1883.] 



Obituary.— •Ciergymeit deceased. 



91 



■pprimi fiienint in dellciii, 

sedem hane dictt 

J. P. 

MOCCXCVIII. 

Mty SI. Aged 63, tho Rev. Ji^Uiam 
Tysnfh Curate of Rumburgh, with Sc 
MichaeL 

Jwr 4. In London, after a very short il]- 

■ai,Rtv. fSm. Hopkins^ of Tuhury, Wilts. 

He bsd been the active Pastor of the Inde- 

padsBt church in that village fur manj years. 

Jtnt 97. At Whichfonl, in the county 

sf Wsrwick, aged 67 9 the Key. John Ycmrutfis, 

D.D. upwards of SO years Rector of that 

pmh« Vicar of Homton and Horley, in the 

cooaty of Oxford, and Chaplain to the IJfe 

Gwds. Ho was of Wodham College, Ox- 

Mt where he proceeded M. A. 1781 ; i). 

■d D.D. 1792. He was presented to tho 

Rsctoiy of Whichford in 17.02, hy Mr. 

Hone, and in 1811 to the united livings of 

HoratoD and Horley. 
Latriy, At St. John's Hor&Icydown 

Hcctory, Southwark, aged b'7, universally 

Mpeeted and deeply lamented, the Rev. 

IfUlumJarvis Ab<ly,M,A, more tlian 40 

rthe resident Minister of that parish. 
«u of King*8 College, Carohridgc, 
«hen he took his degree of M. A. in 1 7.94 ; 
«M pnsented to the alx)ve rectory^ Dec. 6, 
1 906, by his late Majesty. Ho was even- 
iof lectorer of St. Mary-le-l>ow, Cheapside. 
He published <<The iiritish Christian's 
tey to make prayers and supplications for 
tbt King," a sermou, 8vo. 1B19. He is 
nooceded m hu rectory at St. John's, 
Soothwk, by his son. 

Rev. H'iUiam Bullcr, second son of the 
lito IV; Duller, Esq. of Maidwell-hall, 
Nofthamptonsh ire. 

At his mother's house, in Marl1x)rough- 
Imildii^, Bath, a;;ed .')7, tlu> Rev. Henry 
WiUiam CoLi'c, Hector of Moydon, co. 
LflBgibrd, Ireland. 

Afed 74, the Rev. Johfi Cooper, Curate 
flffitesmere and Hordley, Shropshire. 

And 83, the Rev. Edward Dana^ Vicar 
of Wroxeter cum Eyton, Shru|}shtre, to 
vkich lie was appointed in IBOo. 

.\t tile ParsoDogo -house, immediateU 
ifter his return from church, in the oftcr- 
•000, aged :5(i, tlio Hev. inUiuni Delves j 
Rector of Catsfield, Sussex, tc» which ho 
au presented in 1813, by the bl<irl of Ash- 
bvnbam. 

AtEllesmerc, aged 8.0, th? Rov. R. Evans ^ 
B.A. formerly of Jesus College, Oxford, 
■sd Minister of Welsh Hampton and Dud- 
Icstoo, Salop. 

Rev. AUeii Fielding, of St. Stephen's, 
Cs&terbury. He was the second son of 
Henry Fielding, esq. the most celebrated 
Norel Writer of this country ; and younger 
brotler of the late Wra. Fielding, esq. the 
enineat special pleader and police nmgis- 
tftte, who died in \A]i). Mr. A. Vieldlof; 
•a* i/ airlst CJjurihj OxfvrJ, M. A. 



1800; Vicar of Shtpherd'i Well, Kent, 
1783; of Hodmgton, 1787 ; and Rector 
of St. Cosmas and Damien in the Blean, 
1803. 

Rev. James Fletcher, Vicar of Penrltli, 
Cuml>erland, and Barton, Westmorland. 
He was presented to tlie Vicarage of Rarttm 
in 1790, by tho Earl of Lonsdale, and in 
the same year to tliat of Penrith, by the 
Bishop of Peterborough. He was of St. 
John's College, Oxford; M.A. April 39, 
17.00. 

At tho Deanery-house, Gort, the very 
Rev. JP'ilUam Forstcr, LL. D. Dean of Kil- 
macdusgh. 

At Bishop's Hull, the Rev. Samuel 
Grcathenl, V.S. A, a Disseuting Minister, 
and author of ** the regard which we owe 
to the concerns of others, a sermon, ad- 
dressed to the ineml)crs of tlve Devon 
Union," Svo. 180B. 

The Rev. John Ilcmus, D. D. Rector of 
Padwurth, Berks, and of Puttcnham, Sur- 
rey, and formerly of All Souls' College, 
Oxford, where he took his degrees of M.A. 
1778; B. and D.D. 173:>. He was presented 
to tlie living of Padworth in 1801, by the 
King ; and to that of Puttenham in 1 803, 
by the some. 

At his seat, Bowringsleigh, Devon, Rev. 
Roopc JU-ert, Rector of Stockleigh Pomeroy, 
and Cheritou, in the same county. He was 
of St. John's College, Cambridge, where ho 
took his degree of M. A. in 1798 ; was pre- 
sented to the Rectory of Stockleigh Ponieroy, 
by Dr. Courtcnay, Bp. of Kxeter, who like- 
wise in 1798 presented him to Cheriton 
Bishop Rectory. 

Rev. Francis Marston, Vicar of Stokesay, 
CO. Salop, to which he was presented m 
1 8 1 1 , by William Smith, Ll&q. 

At Bomliay, tho Rev. G. Martin, M. A. 
one of the Cliaplains to tltc> Ho'i. I'lo^t India 
Comi)any, and Vicar of NesscIifF, Shrop- 
shire. He wns presented to the living of 
Nesscliff in IKOO by his late MuJLvsty. 

At Cowbridge, the Ucv. J, Mny^an^ D.D. 

At the Munso of Uig, Ulund of Lewis, 
the Rev. Ihifj^h Munro. 

Rev. Mores NeiUon^ D.D. aged 84, for 
bG years Mlni.Ntor of Kolmoie, 10. Do'au. 

In the Close, Norwich, aged 25, the 
Rev. Robert Parlriilf^c. 

At Netherliousc, Lesmahagow, the Rev. 
iSam. Ay//, Chaplain in his Majistv's service. 

Aged G\ , the Rev. Matthew Skater, M.A. 
of St. John's, Dublin. 

At Galston, aged 74, the Rev. George 
Smithy D. D. 

Aged 89, the Rev. Thomas Spencer, 
Vicar of Over, Cambridgeshire, and Senior 
Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, 
where ho proceeded B. A. 17«'>'>; M.A, 
1738; and was presented in 1777 to the 
Vicarage of Over by his College. 

At Stockti»n-\ipo;i-Tecs, u^c'i iT^ ^^v* 
Rev. John Stui kctf. 



92 



Obituart. 



n^^ 



Rer. G, TattersaUt Curate of Wettbonne. 

At Stoke-Charity* Hants, the Rev. G, 
mUis, gnndioa of the Rtffht Rev. R. Wil- 
lis, formerlT Bishop of Winchester. He 
was, we belieTC, of Merton College, Ox- 
ford, M. A. June 21, 1796. 

Rev. iratkin Price, of KiUybebiU, Per- 
petual Curate of Uanewick, and one of his 
Alajesty's Justices of the Peace for the 
county of Glamorgan. He was presented 
to the Curacy of Uangwick in 1 808, by J. 
H. Lloyd, esq. 

Rev. ffUliam WhiU, Rector of Teffbnt 
Ewias, Wilts. He was of Merton College, 
Oxford, where he took the degree of M. A. 
May 80, 1790; and was presented to the 
living of Teffont in 1799, by Thos. Mayne, 
esq. 



DEATHS. 

LONDOH AND ITS EnVIRONI. 

Latebf. In Winchester-row, New-road, 
Faddington, aged 68, John-Geo. Parkhurst, 
esq. of Catesby Abbey, Northamptonshire. 

May SO. Harriet, wife of C. Piesse, of 
lisson-grove North, and mother of six 
children, who are left to deplore their loss. 
June 9, In Montagu-place, Russell-sq. 
aged 58, Arch. Armstrong, esq. late of the 
Island oif Grenada. 

June 1 5. Eleanor, youneest dan. ofFrancis- 
William Sanders, esq. of Upper Montagu-st. 
June 16. In Welbeck-st. John Colby, esq. 
of F^onau, co. Pembroke, in the Commis- 
sion of the Peace for the counties of Carmar- 
then, Pembroke, and Cardigan. 

Jttne SO. The wife of Robert Hilller, esq. 
Union-place, Lambeth. 

June «4. At Upper Tooting, aged 67, 
Mr. James Theobald. 

Aged 91, John, only son of John Mann, 
esq. of Hsrlevford-place, Kennington. 

June 96. Aped 79, James Moss, esq. of 
York-street, Gloucester-place. 

Aged 76, Geo. Jackson, esq. Kentish-town. 
June 97. In Halfmoon-stnset, John Alex. 
Ireland, esq. 

In Bryanston-sn. aged 91, Frances-Char- 
lotte, dau. of C. N. and Lady S. Bayly. 

In Charlotte-street, Fitzroy-square,PhUip- 
Anglin Scarlett, esq. 

June 28. Aged 83, Mr. Thos. Whitford, 
of Smitbfield-Uirs. 

At Paddjngton-grecn, aged 81, the widow 
of John Wrij;ht, esq. 

At Kensmgton, aged 90, Stephen Day, esq. 
Jwif 29. Sarali, wife of James Arbouin, 
esq. BruQswick-sq. 

In Pkll Mall-court, the wife of R. Scott, esq. 
June SO. At Fulliam, aged 83, William 
Townsend, esq. 

In Somerset-street, Portman-sq. aged 1 1 , 
Honry-Edward, son of Hon. and Rev. £. I. 
Tumour. 

July 2. Age-l «7, Mary, wife of Jamc:, 
Tinbey, e:iq. of Watlio^*st. and of Lewisliam. 



Geo. James Miller, R. N. eldest sob of 
late Walter Miller, esq. of HighgaCe. 

July 6. In Crispin-street, Spital*sq. aged 
60, James Pratt, esq. 

T. H. Cutbush, esq. 45 yeara of hii Ma- 
jesty's Ordnsnce. 

In Devonshire-st. Maria-Emilia^ wifr if 
H. Nassau, esq. of Oporto. 

July 6. Aged 66, William Lane, eiq. if 
Ironmonger-lane. 

In Lower Brook-st. C Freeman^ esq. hM 
of Hon. E. I. Company's Service at Madnk 
Mary, wife of K. Fisher, esq. of AUrt 
gate-street, and Mitcham. 

At Peckham, aged 95, Jane, wife of UhL 
Tobias Younff, R. N. 

July 8. At Brompton, aged 89> Ms* 
Marianne Lewis. 

July 9. At Kentish-town, the wife of Bb 
James Dancer, formerly of Funival'^M) 
Law Stationer. 

July 10. At Hammersmith, and 60, W. 
Boyce, esq. only son of late Dr. w. Boyeiu 
In Bryanston-sq. Anne-Elizabeth, wife if 
Ralph Eiernal, esq. M. P. 

July \ A, In Queen Anne-street) the iflsl 
of the late Rev. T. Tlioresby. 

Elizabeth, wife of T. Archer, esq. of ^p- 
per Belgrave-place. 

July 16. In New Burlington-streety agel 
56, Andrew Mathias, esq. 

July 90. In Cunon st. aged 64, MaVi 
sister to Sir J. Geers Cottereil, hart. M.r. 
Bedfordshire. — June 29. Aged lOib 
Mr. John Whitchouse, the oldest inhabilirt 
in Bedford. 

July 10. At Hockliffs, EleanOTy infe «f 
Rev. John Robinson. 

Berks. — July 9. At Windsor Bamd^ 
aped 46, Lieut.-Col. Beatty, C. B. 7th Royil 
I'usileers. 

Bucks. — June 95. At Amcrshamy ^gii 
80, Mrs. Anne Moody. 

July 18. At Langiey Park, Loius% #ii 
of Sir Robert-Bateson Harvey, bart. 

Cambridgeshire.— «/iine 17. At Cu^ 
bridge, aged 95, Frances-Amelia, wife eff 
Rev. Augustus B. Hcnniker, and dan. of J* 
Hen. Stewart, esq. of South Ockendon, EssflU 
Cornwall. — June 1 7. Wm. Dennis« m^ 
Penzance, banker. 

June 28. Of apoplexy, on board his yadfl^ 
at Pen/nncc, Chas. Ramus, esq. aged 85. 

Devonsihuk. — Ltttdy, At nyninfotli, b 
most penurinus diameter named Hilly Ibi^ 
luorly a iabouriT in Ills Majesty's Dodc-yai^ 
su])oraniiuatcd on 10/. ]>er annum. In kb 
chest were found 75 guincns, 40 half ditta^ 
lQ(j sovereigns, 200/. in notes, and 9(. in 
silver, with a receipt of 900/. Bank Scoofc. 
To such an extreme had his avarice inereoMi^ 
that, btit for the kind attention of the poo» 
plo in whoje hnt]se he Iwlged, be wouMuw 
starved hiiii-^ulf to death. 

Juju' 1 0. Mr. Basker%'ille, Cafliicr and Chief 
C !>'rk to the (.'ollector of Customs, Plynoodi. 
KsM.x. — James Hou^hton^ esqi M^icitor, 
IiaI>trCaAl. July 



MS.] 



Obitvabt* 



M9 !€• At WaldMuau«o««hcmae9 Haniet, 
te. of Sir Robert Wignmi buu 

JUy t. At Rmnfiird bnrndciy Ueut-coL 
Batchinty of the dd light Dngooni. 

G1.00CBSTBMH1111.— At Fnmptoo, Mr. 
E4v. Gardner. He was the schoolfellow and 
■■^■ninn of Chattertooy and for more than 
40 tMTt poeaeeeed the confidence and firiend- 
thia «f tho ealebnted Dr. Jenner«. 

J^f7. At Briatol, aged 100» Jana- 
e^di,nliet of late W. Jnliui, esq. of Man- 
teBiMa, St. Christopher's. 

HiMfMiiKB^ — June S7. At Newport, 
Iriief Wi^t, agwi 39> Edmund O'Leary, 
•a M. D. Phyiician to the Forces^ and 
indpal Medical Oficar, at Albany Banracks. 
HiaTffOBDtMiiis.— A/amf 11. At Roj- 
Ma> of apoplexy, aged 63, Richard Vitty, 
in lonMrly a solicitor at Cambridge. 

IbvTw-Vimt 1 4. At Margate, aged 80, 

AtviaovoTN. Bateman,csq. Capt.R.N. 

UwcASHiiiK.— «/tfiy 10. Aged (>8, Jas. 

HvABan, es«|. of SmnmerriUe, near Man- 



NoRPouL— At Norwich, aged 65, £lea- 
i«, niiet of Rev. Marmadnke Ward, Ute 
cfTnuch. 

Jdf 11. At his father's house, at Stif- 
%, CoL Henry Lofiua, Coldstream Guards. 

NormraRaMSHiRE.— ^fnie 10. AtNot- 
li^^, John Elliott, esq. aged 66, in the 
CcRHaimion of the Peace for the County of 
HnWiigbMn. 

QxfoaDiBiRK. — ilfoy 30. In hit 18th 
TMT, Carf-Charlea Elwes, esq. of Brasenoae 
CoJIsge, thnd son of Lieut.-Gen. Elwes, of 
Scab College, Suffolk. 

SoMiastTSHiRB. — Jvlif 5. At a very 
idiMuJ age, at Bath, whither he had been 
RSMred a short time since, by order of the 
L«d Chancellor, Estconrt Creswell, esq. of 
Piackaey-Park, Wilts, and Bilbory-house, 
Glonceftershire, 

SrAPPORDaHiiiE. — At Lichfield, aged 1 04 , 
Mngsret Sargant, the oldest inhabitant of 
Ibtdty. 

SvTfOLK. — •fioie 94. At Ipswich, aged 
CI, Robert Fitdi, gent, suigeon and apo- 



SoRRiY^-Jime 95. At Thames Ditton, 
CmTae, wife of the Rcr. Wm. EiiU, Rec- 
tor of tbct place and East Moulscy. 

JmJ^ 9. At her father's, the Rev. P. B. 
Beath, Rectory, Capel, aged 93, of a de- 
diM, Eliiabeth-Bdlingall, wife of Mr. Jo- 
Mab-Cirrington Ridgway. 

Svuex.--«/mii^ 35. At the house of hit 
kher-in-law, the Rev. Dr. Gray, George- 
lose Mowbray, esq. of Yapton House. 

Jmt%^, At East Grinstead, Mrs. Adams, 
nbctof late MMor-General Adams. 

Mf 1 1. At Brighton, at his daughter's, 
Mn. Coote Martin, aged 80, Samuel Rol- 
•nrtiNi) esq. 

Wiltshire.— At Winterbourne, aged 38, 
D. Skianer, esq. 

yoMMMiuMB.'-^t Jkfoeutv, ia hit 92d 



jwr, John Grasham, esq. of Bamby Dunn. 

Aged 80, Hannah, widow of the lata 
Obadiah Lang, esq. of Wakefield. 

Jpril 15. AtPontefiract, J.Haxby, M.0. 

Aged 36, Mr. Wm. WhitwcU, of York, 
silTersmith. 

At Slenmgfiwd Hall, near Ripon, Susanna, 
wife of John Dalton, esq. 

April 16. In his 85th year, W.ToplvuD, 
esq. of Middleham. 

Aged 73, Mrs. Bomhan, of Hedoo. 

April 34. At Bishop-hill, aged 53, Qta, 
Hotiiam, esq. formerly of the 3d Foot 
Chmrds, some time since Lieut.-Col. of the 
East York Militia, eldest son of the kte 
General Hotham, and brother of Vice Ad- 
miral Sir William Hotham, K. C. B. 

April 95. Aged 84, Mrs. Mary Cooper, 
annt to Mrs. Blanchard, of Hull. 

April 86. Mrs. Hayes, widow of the late 
— Hayes, esq. of Aislaby Hall, near 
Pickering. 

April 38. At Cottmgham, aged 73, 
Mary, wife of William Lee, esq. merchant, 
of Hull. 

April SP. Aged 70, Hannah, wife of 
John Nayler, esq. of BeUe-Vue, near Wake* 
field. 

Mojf 1. The wife of Mr. Alderman Coul- 
son, 0^ Hull. 

At Dale Mill House, near Staiths, aged 
97, Elizabeth Pinder, widow. She was 
burnt to death by her clothes taking fire. 

May 4. At Soarbro', aged 89, John 
Coulson, esq. many years Collector of the 
Customs, and one of the oldest members of 
that Corporation. 

May 6. At KirkeUa, aged 83, William 
Huntingdon, esq. 

May 11. In her 80th year, Mrs. Sharp, 
relict of the late C. S. B. Sharp, esq. of 
Horton, near Bradford. 

May 19. At Halifax, aged 44, Lieut. 
Col. P. Waterhouse, 8lBt regt. in which he 
had served 33 years. 

May 38. At Leeds, the eldest daughter 
of lato Obadifth Dawson, merchant, and niece 
of the late Kev. Benj. Dawson, LL.D. Rec* 
tor of Bnrgh. 

June 1 . At Pontefract, John Leatham^ 
esq. banker, aged 84 ; a Member of the 
Society of Friends. — Integrity and benevo- 
lence were his peculiar cnaracterlstics ; at 
all tiroes cliecrful and hospitable; by the 
constant practice of many virtues he endear- 
ed himself to an extensive circle of friends. 

June 6, At Gottenburgh, after a very 
short illness, Wm. Strother, esq. of Leeds. 

June 13. At her ho\ise, in Sowerby, 

^ear Think, the relict of kte Lieut.-Col. 

Brooke, 3d Dragoon Guards, and daughter 

of Rev. Samuel Drake, D. D. Rector of 

TrcGton, co. York. 

Jttve 13. In the Minster Yard, aged 75, 
Miss Topharo, daughter of F. To^Viani, ««^. 
formerly of York, LL.D. and a\ttot <A vVa 

late Major Topham, of V/oU CqiOm^c. 

•Iinw 



94 OSITUAKT. [Jilf^ 

Juni 17. Af(0d C8» the Hon. O. H. Mob* June 7. At hit leat nev Holjwrili b 

M», fonneiljofthe 3(1 K«g. of Drag. Orardf. hit 79d jonr, Thomaf ThonH, Mq. Hi 

Jii7i« 9.3. At Bri'Uiiigtotiy Mr. WiUiam was a kind hiubaady an indulgeol pna^ 

Holtbv, draper, tub-distributor of ttuopt and a benevoient Itndlord. 
for vpwardt of 50 years, and partner in the July ,9. Aged 33, much regrettad, Ifr* 

firm of Holtl^ and Ilaggit, maltttcrt and Joseph Jones, surgeon ; and on Jalj 11| 

brewers for forty years, and of the firm of Elizalicth^ wife of John Maitmy, M.l)L ef 

Harding said Holtby, bankers. Swansea. 

Jwfyll. Aged 92, Francis, second son Ireland. — ^£a/c/y. AtBaUykasken,]wiik 

of late Rer. R. Smith, Rector of Marston. of Donaghadee, in her 104th year, Jat 

Juhf 14. Aged 67, Rich. Wiltford, esq. Niblock. Though chiefly '^"■^■'iil fo kl 

of Pcmtefract. bed two years previoat to her dinoiiitH% 

ScoTLAiCDw— Latefy. At Hamilton, of an her other Acuities were not impaiiedimpn- 

injury from Isllbg out of his gig, T. Pater- portion to her protracted eaittenoe, m lb 

tun, esq. late Paymaster of 92d reg. Foot. could reUte talet of « the olden ^mmT 

At £dinbiirgh, Satan, daughter of late with astonishing emphatit and pertpicalf. 
Mijor Loyd Hill, of lit reg. Guards. At Six-mile Bridge, coonty Clare, at tl • 

March \A, At Edinburgh, aged 98, Ro- advanced age of 100 years, Mr. Edvwi 

bert Craig, esq. of Riccarton, the last male Byrne, formerly an eminent clothier; be it- 

heir of Sir l*hoB. Crnig, of Riccarton, the tained his faculties to the last ; his wifc 

great feudal lawyer of Scotland. still survives him, and she is in her 105A 

Margaret, sister of the late A. Cockbum, year, to whom he was married neariv M 

cMi. a Haron of Exchequer for Scotland. years ; she oossessea her faculties, with Ai 

llie relict of Thos. Brisbane, esq. of Brls- exception of sight. 
bane, arid daughter of Sir Michael Bruce, March 3. A^er a long and painfol iUiMi 

bart. of Stenhouse. Sir 'ilinmas Bond, hart, of Coolambeffy etb 

Walls. — At Panteague Parsonage, near Longford. 
PontyiKK>I, Monmoutlibhirc, Hannah, wife March 26. In Dublin, aged 10 yoob 

fif the Rev. J. Probert, and eldest daughter I^uke- Wellington Lord Viscount Moun^|e«^ 

c/f the Rev. J. Roberts, late Rector of Kent- eldest son of the Earl of BIcssingtoD, by Im 

church, Hereftmishire. 1st wife (who died at St. C^rmuBt, h 

Suddenly, at Gorton, near Dungannon, France, Sept. 19, 1SI4), the relict of Mr 

aged 84, John Whitetide, esq. Five weeks jor Wm. Browxf. He was bom Sept. ll» 

have tcarcely elapsed since hit marriage to a 1813. 
young woman of twenty-six. ^ March SO. At his seat. Leap Csitl% 

At BrownsUde, near Pembroke, John King's County, Admiral Sir Henry D'Emmi 

Miruhouse, esq. one of the Justices of the Darby, K.C.B. 

Peace for that county, and one of the most jipril 3. At Carrahoney, aged 107f Mb 

extensive agriculturists in the Principality. Thomas Gavan. For the last 70 yeHi hi 

He had the consolation of being surround- liod never known illness of any kind, 
ed, in his last moments, not only by his fa- April 9. In Dublin, General LAthm^ 

inily, but by six of hit servants, three of who, while in the act of imdiettmg hiBNdt .' 

whom had lived with him upwardt of forty, suddenly expired. j 

and the remainder above twenty years. April 16. At Londonderry^ in hit 77lk \ 

Ajtril 8. Owen Jones, esq. Solicitor, of year, Wm. Lecky, esq. i 

Llandilo. May 90. In Aungier-street, Dublioi rt \ 

AfniliO, AtLaaghame,Wm.Skyrme,esq. an advanced age, Mrs. C. 1. Gore i in whm \ 

April 83. At Abergavenny, the relict of were united all the virtues of a ainoerewl I 

Rev. Wm. Morgan, Rector of Lanwenarth, pious Christian, with the social ■tfribnlMljif . 

Monmo\ithshire. a cheerful and well-regidated mind. Sal: 

/Ipnl 20, At Llaudilo^ aged 43, Thomat had been on terms of intimate friendih||| '■ 

Prif-r, rrsq. solicitor. with the celebrated Dean Kirwan, and* ^ 



May 7. At Narberth, John-Henry Mar- his premature death, transferred her 

till, esq. R. N. — He was, we believe, the to his infant dsughter, whcmi the baa 

last surviving comi>anion of Captain Cook^ pointed her sole legatee. ~^ 

in hit voyage round the globe. May 31. At Tramore, Waterford, Mate 

May 1 f». Henry Jackson, esq. of Lower William Burke ; he served with repnlniA 

Sketty, Swansea. for upwards of twenty years, witjh the FonM 

May 19. At Haverfordwest, in her 71st of theEut India Company. ^ 

year, Maria-Eliza, dau. of late Rev. J. Har- Abroad. — Lately. At PkrittMr.Nichshi 

ries, St. Ishmael's, Camuirthenshire. Clary, formerly merchant in ManetUeft twA 

May 98. At Brecon, in his 47th year, who had acquired a large fortune by eOB" 

James Rathbone, esq. captain and adjutant mercial speculations. Mr. Clary wat bradHT 

in the Royal Brecon Militia, aad formerly to the present Queen of Sweden, and |» 

Lieutenant in the 19th reg. of Lancers. Maclamo Joseph Buonaparte. He conttaM^ 

June b*. After n lingering illness, Mr. rcfudod ihr titles, honours, ami ■ppciiH , 

Job Siiiimoo^, ))riutcr, Swansea. meats, iliat liad been offered tu him. 

At 



1885] BUI of MarialUff.^Uarkits, Ssc-^-Canal Shares. 95 

At Trichiiiopolj,HiiMlo8tao,MuQgo Parle, oMtlcular senrice ; Mid was proceeding to the 

II.D. eldest son of the late Mango Parki Itluid of Hydra in the ship s cotter, when a 

iW celebrated African traTelier. Tiolent squall of wind overset the boat, and 

Mr. Edvrard Codrington, Midshipman of consigned him> with a merchant, the cox- 

B'M/s ship Camtriany and eldest son of wain, and three of the crew, to a waterj grave. 

Besr-Admiral Sir Edw. Codrington. Al- At Teschen, in Silesia, Matthew Bcllew, 

tkoogh obIt 19» from the confidence Capt. esq. Major in the Austrian Service, and bro- 

Ibnltoa placed in him, and from his speak* ther of Sir Edward Bellow, of Barmeath, co. 

lag foreign languages, he was selected for a Louth, hart. 



1^ 



BILL OF MORTALITY, from June 25, to July 93, 1833. 



Qmstened. 
}Un - soil 
FoMles '698} 



1499 



Buried. 
Males • 539 
Females - 503 



} 



1034 



Wbmof have died mider two years old 307 
Salt Ss. per bushel ; 1 id. per pound. 




9 and 5 
5 and 10 
10 and 30 
90 and SO 
80 and 40 
40 and 50 



99 
44 
49 
99 
90 
97 



60 and 60 
60 and 70 
70 and 80 
80 and 90 
90 and lOO 



80 
76 
79 
93 
5 



Wheat. 


Bariey. 


Oats. 


Rye. 


Beans. 


«. d. 


f. d. 


f. d. 


«. d. 


f. d. 


50 6 


39 11 


94 8 


37 9 


89 3 



faBigt 


61. 


6f. to 8^ 05. 


SwK Ditto ..... 


6L 


05. to 7L 75. 


Ems Ditto 


6/. 


6s. to 7L 105. 



M 


3s. 


Od. to 45. 


0(/. 


MlttOB 


35. 


Od. to 45. 


Od. 


Veil 


Si. 


4d. to 45. 


Ad. 


PbA 


25. 


Od. to .35. 


8d. 



GENERAL AVERAGE of BRITISH CORN which governs Importation, 

from the Returns ending July 19* 

Peas. 
5. d. 

87 10 

PRICE OF FLOUR, per Sack, July 91, SOi. to 55x. 
AVERAGE PRICE of SUGAR, July 93, 315. Sd. per cwt. 

PRICE OF HOPS, IN THE BOROUGH MARKET, July 95. 

Kent Pockets 6L lOs. to 8/. 85. 

Sussex Ditto 6L 25. to 7/. 155. 

Essex Ditto 6L 105. to 8/. 05. 

Famham, fine, 9^ 05. to 19^. 05. | Seconds, 5/. 05. 9l, 05. 

PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW, July 96. 

St James's, Hay 5/. 55. Straw 2/. 145. Gd, Clover 6/. 05. Od. — Whitcchapel, Hay 5/. 1 05. 0/1. 
StnvS/. 85. Od. Clover 61. 6s. Od. — Smithfield, Hay 5/. 55. Straw 2/. 1 05. Od. Clover GL Os. Od, 

SMTTHFIELD, July 95. To s'mk the OfiFal— i)er stone of 8ll)s. 

Lamb 35. 4d. to 45. 4c/. 

Head of Cattle at Market July 25 : 

Beasts 489 Calves 400. 

Sheep and Lambs . 1 0,970 Pigs 1 00. 

GOALS, July 23 : Newcastle, 365. Sd. to 425. 9d. — Sunderland, 355. 0(/. to 435. 9d, 

TALLOW, per Cwt. Town Tallow 395. Od. Yullow Russia 375. Od. 

8QAF, Yellow 685. Mottled 785. Curd 825. — CANDLES, 85. 6d. perDoz. Moulds lOs.Od. 

THE PRICES of Navigable CAifAL Shares, Dock Stocks, Water Works, Firk 
Incii!tCK, and Gas Light Shares, (to tlte 24th of July, 1823), at the Office of Mr. 
N.RAnrB, (successor to the late Mr. Scott), 23, New Bridge-street, Blackfriors, Lon- 
^— Grand Trunk Canal, 1999/. 195. ex Div. due 25th July. — Coventry Canal, 1100/. 
Div. 441. per annum. — Birmingham Canal, (divided Shares), 310/, 315/. Div. 12/. per 
■nuim. — ^Warwick and Birmingham, 230/. Div. for the half-year 5/. 105. — Warwick and 
NiptOD, 215/. Div. for the half-year 5/. — Neath, 315/. with Div. 13/. payable 1st of An- 
grisC and 1st ot Noveral^r. — Swansea, 185/. with Div. 10/. due Ist of Noveml)er. — Mon- 
awoth, 171/. ex half-year's Div. 4/. 105. — Grand Junction, 250/. ex half-year's Div. 5/. — 
Old Union Canal, 74/. ex half-year's Div. 2/. — Rochdale, 84/. Div. ;j/. per annum. — KlJes- 
■ere, 65/. — Regent's 41/. IO5. — ^Thames and Medway Canal, 22/. — Portsmouth and Arun- 
M, iSL — Severn and Wye Railway and Canal, 32/. ex Div. 1 65. for tlio last half-vear, 
P«yiblc 1st of July. — Lancaster, 27/. Div. li'per annum. — Worcester and Hirmingfuim, 
SiL Div. 1/. per annum. — Wilts and Berks, 61. 5s. — Kennet and Avon, 20/. — West In- 
^ Dock Stock, IbSZ. ex Div. .•)/. — London Dock Stock, 118/. ex Div. 2/. Oy. — Glohc 
Aiittnoce, 157/. ex half-year's Div. 3/. IO5. — Imwrial Ditto, 1 2 1 /. with DW . 51 — \\.W 
Ditto, 5/. 55. — Rock Life Assurance, S/. ISs. — ^feast I^ndon Water ^\>Tka, WftU ^x 
^ftmr't Div. il-^Wo§tmlD§ter Gas Light and Coke Comi)any, 7 ll. ex DW, ^l,— \mxi- 
*» ioMMatian, origiwl Slurcs, 38/.^Has8eU Ditto, 9i. 9i. 



[ iw 1 

METEOROLOGICAL DIARY, bit W. CARY, Steamd. 
rVmt Jiat IT, to July *S, ia«3, hoik mdatbie. 



Fabnnliait'* Therm. 



-a^in. pta. 



Fihrcnli 


t'lTharm. 










1 


n 


11 


«l 


70 


es 




Wi 




(i-2 




«e 




67 




















ftS 






Ifl 


fts 


«fi 








(ir) 










fi4 






67 


n<) 


33 




t7 


<» 




fiS 


«5 






SB 


<ii: 


47 




M 


50 


» 


UU 


47 


QS 


M 



osl&ir 
7»nuii 

70il>aini7 



DAILY PRICE OF STOCKS. 











*>omJuMa8, to 


July 26. 1833 


bj( 


induii 


It. 




i 




i J . 


. 


^ . 1 S 


i':'3d 




4 






Tii 


l| IJ 


1. 




l| 




i| 


i 


El. BilU, 

1000 J. 


B<.BUIi, 
soot. 




Rll 


J — 


^ 


»•! ) 


„ 








19 93pm 


1933(11. 


a»i3i 








i^ii* 


Ui 









^!i^ 


_ 


30 


— 


43 pm 


il 3 J pm. 
31 33 pm. 


3l33p^ 
«l33p>. 




!>l| 




ul 










slasij 








M 


99 Bi 








43 pm. 


31 «S pm. 


iiiapn. 










Ki 


98j a 








43 pm 


M 24 pm 


33 34 pa. 




Mli 


mi 







!)4 


9ei 9 

98* 9 


— 


30 ,8(li 


—it ';: 


33 94 pm. 

34 97 pm. 


33 34 pa. 
MBIpit. 




























80i i 




39 ei 


991 


BOi . -.IS-Ufin pm. 


iti 98 pm. 


««"P-- 




Illj 


Blj 




"Oi 1 


94| 


aei 9 


100 


asiJi-iG pn>. 


BS 37 pm. 


*S37pm. 










8>t i 


94 


99t i 


100 |31 mH 


3SM47 pm. 


36 38 p. 


MMfM 




mi 


B3 


jaii ;b4 


99 j 


100 .31 ! 


d5»j 


46 pm. 


35 37 pm 


warp* 




U3 




3^1} Ml 




100 'sot ,81* 




46 pm. 


«6 34pm 


97BftF^ 




!S3 


B9 


81 3}|Ssi 


93 i] 100^31 1 • 




47 pm. 


34 36 pm 


M36r- 




tvn 


S3 


M ilOOJSI iBli 


iS3i 


48 pm. 


34 36 pm. 


MflfiF» 
34B7P- 






83 


99 100|[OI |«ii ;— 










u*i 


S3 


iss ilfls* 


100199 I00i'21_ 'S3 




51 pm. 


34S7pm. 


I4 37pB- 






as 


|fl3, i 


»« 


IDU i 


,oH jol _^ 


35Si 


50 pm. 


14 37 pm. 


3aH7p^ 




Hoi. 


B^ 


«-i 1 


"< 


100 99 


looisii bH 




53 pm. 


37 30 pre. 


3730p>. 




»ai 


jUj St 


— 


lOOil 


loij'ai — 





W pm. 


39 31 pm. 


3981 pn. 




iiej 


»9l 


iUI s| 


»i 


loot i 




SS7 


S8 pm. 


39 31 pm. 


3831 pou 


■3 


«m| 


»4 


iiBSj H 


•4 


■ ooil 


101.131 Bii 




■" P"' 


39 al pm 


3931 pu. 






sal 


iU»i a 


S.1 


><"J;"* — 




69 pm 


19 31 pm. 


193IpBU 




Hoi. 




















36 


(«1 


831 


i 


"'* * 


>H 


lOOi 


lOli 


'"i— 




(;o pm 


39 31 pm. 


laaipn. 



RICHARDSON, GOODLUtK, and Co. 104, Corocr uE Buili-biillduisi. CoinlulL 

Jllim KICHOLl 4l\B fOM, 33, tMUlMW-t «HIM, WlMtWWCT**. 



ENTLEMAN S MAGAZINE. 










nioacntrrf-IliDl 
[Itnrord "llBll I 

MchMd Lirtnoalll 

ITorrslk-XoivKli ~ 
H.WiilcaNaniiiBi 
MotUuihinMlif. 



Si>nliBraa...Slifl«d 
SUmbi dl-Slgclipon 

T«iii.m«.-Ttii. 
W.lifB<.W..W»rwli.. 
Wat Biiu* (Truro! 
WnMn (Bifltr] 
Wataenluil t 



AUGUST, 1823. 



hisinal fainraunitattoiif. 

bKUirONDtNCE.— QlWltioni, &c...f)8 

aBofltwOJdPakceuWntiniiKtcr .99 

IB ftti^niriu 109 

tscoduui — Hctmolugical Remiiiks I M 
OS (if the LcuoKfi, in Shruuthins lOi 
iniMOTC()i:sTvHiin)r.v— Swffwai;-. 
u. No. XIV.— tlisiicer— Cliurch- 
hnict— Devcreui— Dtutan ..inn-i II 
Pc* Openert-CBnU-Thi; GfeaL.,111 

j^t of DaMtrdi to bear Arint it. 

Bmiieiu Iilingtnn luiticcd 113 

B Policici " ulren fiMn Machi»cl...iF'. 

lonDtaiui uf Siritierlud lis 

ioa OD (lie Choriibie Emliltmi , ...1 IS 
•an, No.XV[.— Sir Samuel Lule.lil 

the Anwliontion nf Africa 125 

(atun uT County Cuuru I2G, 197 

Ktolitli DiiiriF Id IT!I8 127 

n the IVcItli p,«r „t Liverpool. ..139 

Ipiitj nf I^tcrUuci 130 

[iiD HieruglvplilnJ Wriiiuc l.ll 

on of Old WWaiimterALbcr ...Ui 
n m the Eikon lluilike Gip!:iiucd .if: 

oai ns the Tonibof Pmninii 133 

Iridge, 134 Su]>pl. to Pant>li>;ria Ida 

dniugle « Trio. Coll. C.n.liti.ise. ..■('. 



CONTAINING 



ntbicu of jnra publitation^. 
Nnlc'i Hiitoiy of St. PrUr't, Weitmiul 
Dr. Cbrln'a Tnrcla in nrioui Cuuniriea 
Siitnandi'a Hiitorical View of Litentara . . . _ 
Memoiri of the IMirch'caa de Bonehunpa^US 
Skiob Chruaicle, 148.— EllioU'i Pacini ...ISO 
Daol^'a Tbmighu, I SI— Adusa on Africa l S3 
Iriioz'iOnitiaiii, IS3. — Poole'a Bj^ianthn 
Kp. Burnet'a HiMoi? of Hii O-n Time . . 

Sir W. Itliiird'i Hnntniio Oralioa 

Sir A. EdmuiuCoiw'a Jourae; to E^r/pt . . 
Rapp'i Momoin, ISO — Duke of Mantiu...I<t3 

EUngban Gilhuie — laabel de Bareat. &c il 

LiTMi*i»vIiiTEi,LioE!tc».'Nc"Piiblie»tiaiuI6i 
AsTi&SciEMCU.— Nollekini'.Modeli, &c.ie7 

Select PoKTHV 

Vji^totiCBl 41 ti rani tie. 

ForaigoNewi, 178. — Domestic Occuireneea IT3 

Promocioni, &c.— Hiitba and MaiTiac:u'....l7 

OiiTSimv 1 villi Mrmoin of the Mtrqiiii 

CoranlUti G. Naiiau, Eiq.i tlu- A1>M 

Ange-Dcnit Macquin ; Rev. Wentfn 

Butler; William Coumbt, Exg.; WUIism 

NoUe, Eh].: Mr. Jiihn Mackcu; Mr. 

lliDmu G-itlawav, &e 17 

Bill of Moitalily.— Prices ofM»rli«M 19 

McteoioluBieal TaUc— I'lice afStucki ....19: 



By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gest. 



[ 98 ] 



MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



In answer %o Mr. Ingruii'i comviinica- his back upon a disk of porridge» hat ii 
tioQi respecting the Review of his new Edi- licked up from him by a rat (ander which 
tion of the << Saxon Chrouide," which ap- furm is recognized the Friar), who tabs 
peared in p. 46 ; wa aeiart him Uiat w« the opportunity of committing the theft, 
regret the manner iu which the Reviewer In anotlier> on the North tide of the Chn- 
eoromenced the article ; and we trust that eel, is a baboon with a cowl on his bead, li- 
ke will not have reason to complain of the posing onapillowyandexhibitingaaenormoas 
continuation of it in our present Number, swollen paunch." 

p. 148. Our object is conciliation ; andy In voL zciii. i. p. 588, under th« bead of 

•a a nronf of our sincerity and im|iartiarity, « Compendium of G>unty Hiatory,'* it wss 

we snail insert in our next those parts of not Biahop Ken, hut Dr. Richanl Kiddv, 

Mr. Ingram's Letter which have a reference then Bishop of Bath and Wella, who with 

to the points at issue. liis Lady was crushed to death in bad by 

We are much obliged to the Editor.of the the fidl of a stack of chimneys, during tat 

'' Wolverhampton Chronicle t" who, in dreadful gale of wind in the month of N^ 

Mk>ptbiF that portion of th« « Conpendium vember 1708. Dr. Kidder was an omiDcal 

of toe History of Stafibrdshira " which ap- aod pious divbe, formerly well known by Ui 

peared in our lastt has carefully supplied learned commentary on the five Books of 

both Correctiona and Additions to the Moses. This mistake appears in Caam^ 

Scau, which shall not be overkioked. We Topooaphical Dictionaiyy which tvidiatly 

kivlte similar remarks on other Counties, aa misled the compiler. 
It is intended hereafier to re-prtnt them in a W. P. says, " in p. 94 is recordod At 

sepaiate volume. <leath, at Narberth, of J. H. Bflartia^ EsOi 

The Editor of the ** Leeds Intelligencer" R. N. That eentleman was moat oertaki^ 

also has our best thanks. not on board the Endeavour, which Captain 

A Minor Corrupokdent, p. 386, re- Cook (then onlv Lieutenant in the Navy) 
quests information about the pedigree of commanded in tne first of his three nmtgm, 
Robert de Eglesfold, Founder of Queen's Vice-Admiral Isaac-George ManW bmn 
College, Oxford. He will find two or three his naval career then as a Royal Midship- 
previous generations at the beginning of man, and the now superannuated AdnunI 
Wood's History and Antiquities of that luac Smith was another more efficient Mid- 
College ; but how can anv man ask questions shipman, and a little older, for he had sailed 
about the descendanu of a priest, when he in the Grenviile Brie, employed in a surrey 
knows that <* Figlio d'un ^acerdote'* is a In North America, for a summer ortwobe- 
name of reproach and ridicule ? fore, under the same Commamter^s abit 

J. I. says, « C. S. B. is respectfully in- conduct. Those two gentleman hava not 

formed, that the foinily of Fust, < the same quitted life, and I suspect that a mnefa va» 

which produced the immorul printer of lued servant of the late President of tha 

Mentz,' as he justly observes, is not extinct Royal Society Is still in being : we called 

in this Cfjuntry. Fherc are two grand- him James. He proved an admirable ae- 

doiighters of Sir Francis Fust, residing at sistant in the dannirous hours of Sir Joseph 

Hill-Court, Gloucestershire. Tliii fact may Banks, Bart, in Batavia-road, and any su^ 

be interesting to the BitUifj^ilist.** sequent kindness or rewards could hanUhr bt 

H. G. observes, « mention is made in the too much from his extricated master. Wdl 

Compendium of County History, Part i. p. then, three or four of the Eadeavoor'a 

684, of ancient carved benches in South voyagers are yet ailoat, and it ia more thai 

Brent Church, co. Somerset. I cannot help probable that there are in existence at leail 

comparing them with those of the like antt- m many from the two crews of the Resoln- 

cmity, in the parish Chua-h of Christchurch, tion. Captain Cook's own ship ; and Adven* 

Hantt. Below a number of ancient stalls ture, CapUin Tobias Furneaux's ; and IXt* 

are as many armed seaU. The benches turn covery, Capt. Charles Clerke's.' 



t* 




and Monks: « Monks also hated Friars at tioned in the Magazine of Feb. p. 141. 

their heartt.' In the one a Friar is reprc- 

aented, under the emblem of a fox, with a 



cock for his clerk, preadiinff to a set of Errata. 

geese, who, unconscious of toe fallacy, are Vol. zciii. p. 434, I. 26*, read leaders of 

grct'dily listoniiij; to his deceitful words, the fashion. — P. bill, h. line a»,./ur Kudiesy 



In the other, a Zany, which is Iut<?n(!tfd to nail ludus. — P. 6' 1 7, 1. 8, from bottom* 
represent the people at large, whilst Ite turns read Belluni intcrnecinum. 



THE 

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE 



AUGUST, 1823. 



OBIOniAZ. COMMUinCATXONS. 

Dbmolitioh or thb Rotal Palacb at Wb^tmivstbk. 

Mr. UiBAV, Jiug* 14. double lancet openings over which was 

YOUR Magazine has often been inscribed a lar^ arch» the interval 

the rosier of ARCHiTBCTDRi&L between the points being pierced with 

InoYATioir — ^bot never did your late a circular opening. The windows of 

ipriled correspondent, Thb Arc hi- the Prince's Chamber had been par* 

ncr» record a more lamentable act of tially walled up, the openings curtailed, 

ialraetion, than the one just com- and the external mouldings much de^ 

■hied on an edifice connected with faced. On taking down the walls, 

Ac history of our £nglish Kincs, from however, the original beauty of this room 

Ac time of Edward the Confessor to appeared conspicuous. The mouldines 

the present day ; I allude to the Royal of the windows had been superbly gift, 

Mace of Westminster. How would shaded by a line of black, or painted 

he have grieved had he lived to witness in red, green, or blue t and the reveals 

Represent proceedings^ ! ornamented with figures. Termtnat-' 

Tm parts of the Palace now demo- in^ the mouldings ofthe centre eastern 

fidiiog, are the two buildings known wmdow were busts of a King and 

hf the names of the Prince's Chamber, Queen, with anticnt giltcoronets« rrom 

and the Old House of Lords. these specimens there is no doubt that 

The Prince's Chamber extended this Chamber was once as splendidly 
Esstand West (about 45 feet long by gilt and painted as its companion, em- 
iO feet wide), parallel to the Painted phatically denominated, from that cir- 
Chamber* ; and these two Chambers cumstance, the Painted Chamber. At 
wtTt connected by the Old House of the North-west angle of the Prince's 
Lords, which formed a centres, ex- Chamber was a very fine pointed door- 
koding North and South about 72 way, enriched with mouldings similar 
feet long by 26 wide. These three to the windows. This doorway led to 
fflagoificent rooms were all of the same what had originally been an open pas- 
^1 bat they present, however, two sage by the western wall of the Old 
iateiesting coeval varieties of windows. House of Lords. The Prince's Cham- 
The Prince's Chamber had originally her was formerly hung with cu« 
frre beautiful windows on the South rious tapestrv, which is minutely de- 
ader three on the eastern, and probably scribed by Mr. Carter, in your vol. 
ai many oa the western sicle. The lxx. p. 267- £xterior views of the 
windowsofthisChamber were formed South and East sides of this Cham- 
of segments of circles obtusely pointed, her are engraved in Carter's " Antieut 
and converging towards the outer wall. Architecture,*' vol. L pi. 55, and an 
10 as to form regular lancet openings i outside view of the East end, and 
whilst those in the Old House of Lords about half of the South side, are given 
and Painted Chamber consisted of a in Smith's " Westminster,*' p. 79. 

1 Sm Mr. Carter's survey ofthe Palace of Westminster, as it appeared in 1800, in your 
vol. LXX. where the fine Tapestry which covered these Chambers is minutely described. Mr. 
Ctrtcr made 31 drawings of these curious specimens of Costume» which drawings^ with a 
MS description, were bought at his sale, for 18^. by Sir Gregory Page Turner, hart. The 
pdue is again surveyed by Mr. Carter, in vols. Lxxvii. and Lxxxiv. p. 10. 

* The discoreries in the Painted Chamber, about four years ago, were amply and scien- 
tifiodh detailed in your vol. i.xxxix. ii. p. 389-39S. 

' Ine exact situation of these Chambers is sliown in the plan of parts of the Old PalaiQe% 
is enter's Ancieoh Architecture, vol, I, pi. 66, 



100 DemolUion of the Royal Palace of ^yettminiter, [Al^ 

On the basement story of the South Carter (toI. lxxxiv. i. p. 10), to the 

side» vrere three' narrow windows and time of Henry the Seoond, 117S| but 

a double entrance to the vaults, all of it is more probably of tlie oj^ of 

which have been visited by the hand Henry the Third, at the be^^inning of 

of the innovator. The three windows the 13th century. The architecture is 

were evidently tilled up at a more dis- of the earliest pointed form. The 

tan t period than the double entrance, windows I have oe fore described. Oa 

which is rather of a modern date i one the eastern wall appears orif^oally to 

of the windows is filled with rubble, re- have been a door, at the North end, 

semblins the other parts of the build- and three windows, looking tovCanh 

ing, and the two other windows are tlie Thames ; the southernmost of 

filled with antient brick work. At the which had at an early period been 

western ande of the South wall, on blocked up, and a |)ointed door formed 

removing the buttress, a very antient very nearly under it. On taking down 

blocked -up doorway was discovered, this window, the remains of a male 

part probably of an earlier building;. figure, the size of life, painted in fed 

On the basement of the East end of and blue, were distinctly visible ou the 

this chamber were three windows, all North reveal ; proving that all the le- 

iilled up, and a square-headed door- vealsof the windows had been Rioted 

way. The vault under this chamber with fi^rures, as was the case with the 

was recently used as a wine-cellar. Painted Chamber. The western wall 

The building known by the name of this room was evidently also an 

of the Old House of Lords, will ever outer wall, as it had remaining towards 

be celebrated in English History, as the South two very fine winddws, and 

the scene where the notorious marks of one other, towards the North, 

** Guy Fawkes and his Companions did con- which had been stopped up at an early 

trive ))eriod, and an antient |)ointed door- 

To blow the King and Parliament up alive.** way made under it ; there was another 

This noble room had long been the old pointed doorway at the southern 

subject of many mutilations in its ar- end of this wall, near to the door at 

chitecture, particularly by the intro- the North-west corner of the PrinccTs 

duction of two immense cnimneys and Chamber, before spoken of. 

chimney-pieces in the middle of the The beautiful Tapestry representing 

East and West walls ; but from the the defeat of the Spanish Armaila, 

appearance of the original windows* which once ornamented these vrall^ 

in the walls of the eastern and western was, at the time of the Union with 

side, it was coeval with the Painted Ireland, removed to theOld Court ofRe- 

and Prince's Chambers^, to which it quests, now the present House of LordsS. 

nearly adjoined at right angles, l^eing The timber roof, which was of a cu^ 

only divided from the former by a rious construction, was discovered at the 

small room about Q feet wide, which sale of the materials, to be of chesnnt, 

space had originally been, probably, and not of oak as genemlly supposed, 

an open Court, as a very fine window m It was still sound, and would no doubt 

the South wall of the Fainted Chamber have stood for centuries. . 

opens into it. Half way upon the East Views of the four sides of thi vault* 

wall of this small room, is a fine point- ings under this room are given in 

cd doorway, with elegant mouldings. Smith's "Westminster," p. SQ; bat 

opening, 1 believe, into the stair-case the arches have btcn altered withiir 

turret at the East corner of the Paint- these few years, when the cellar was 

ed Chamber. paved and modernized, to form astoco* 

The erection of this Chamber is (I room for the Lords* Journals, 

think erroneously) ascribed, by Mr. Yours, &c. N. R. S. ' 

* The form of the windows is given by Carter in *< Antient Architecture,*' vol. I. pL €€• 
s Mr. Hawkins, in Smith's « Westminster," says, <* The Painted Chamber u known to 
ba u old as the time of Edwud the Confessor." This, however, is clearly disprored hf 
Mr. Carter, in your vol. lxxxiv. i. p. 10. Mr. Hawkins notices from Howel, that " Ea* 
wwd the Confessor died in it." But though Edward died in the palace at Westminster, M 
was doubtless in a former buildinfi^, on the same scitc. In a MS. Itinerary of Simon SimeoBt 
and Hugo the Illuminator, as old as 1323, the present Painted Chamber is evidently dt- 
icribed (Smith's Wcstminstcc, p. 47) ; and Sir Kdvrard Coke, in his fourth Institute, tpftia 
of the " Chamber Depelnt, or St. Edward's Chamber;" but afit-r all, it prolMbly wm 
called St. Edward's Chaml)er, from the representation of the Coronation or Edward thtf 
Confessor, painted on its walls. This is accur«u>Iy described in vol. Lxzxu. ii. p. 391. 
s See Gent. Mag. vol. Lzz. 626; Lxxvii. 62i. 

Mr. 



Dmo^Hm tfik§ Royal Poloct rf Wluiminiiir. 



iAV, Ai^. 16. 

^Ui'pnmm of what it de- 
iiiHitcd InprovciDcnty bids 
ittiihte the few remnints of 
tuteetore which the Ttebsi- 
10, and the chanoe of erents, 
no tpared in the Metiopo- 
■wmediate Ticmitr. I eoald 
f bnildinn in different parts 
Birf whieh lie in rains, or 
utterly dettrofsd, under the 
iiat a new face would ren* 
■ore beautiful, or that th^ 
lobe repaired and presenrea. 
iropulis'ia not exempt from 
' and folly of this charge^ 
l.at present content mjself 
ving, that a Tcnersble fmg- 

house or palace, for by the 
lliis name it has been com- 
npiiaed, of Bishop Bonner 
£, which, within my own 
MMy, was used as a priTato 
m a shop under various 
various in their trades, and 
m a coal hovel, b now a 
DMB of ruins. 

vetnre was built of brick, 
9f of improvement it had 
toed, afterwards enlaived, 
■ure-mullioned winoows 
ntercd, and to environed 
• and other slovenly struc- 
; we might extend our par- 
enrious traveller for passing 
d. 

. ao the rapid improvements 
( forward at Westminster; 
ooesl passeni^er gazes as he 
11 his errand, and indicates, 
"ing look, ;i • nn of regret at 
ife scene of havoc and dc- 
ifiire him. 

member the time when re- 
lent ffrandeor were defaced 

1 with the ground with as 
ODCem as we should feel, 
a dozen school-boys to bat- 
tlie new porch in Old Pa- 

} but I have of late years 
Hit laudable curiosity, and I 
ttimes idle inclination, have 
d many persons at the scene 
solition of a venerable pile ; 
f entrance the other day into 
sred area of the old House of 
JMind a knot of decent look- 

pionouncing encomiums on 
me** windows and arches, 
i^ debating, no doubt upon 

anthority, the various pnr- 
■fli the antique room, with' 
^renenble walls we 



were fSb/ta aadoaed, haid teeA ap|iHcd. 
Gay FliWkcl wis not permitted to (••* 
cape without a blow ; nor is it won- 
denbl,'fbr these speenlatitta stood on' * 
the floor c»f the veiy edhur on which' 
we are told the hardy vanbond h^ 
assembled a vast heap of tsg^jis and 
gunpowder. 

But It is Aow time for me to scan 
and describe, and at I have freely re-' 
marked on the atteroptfe of others, I at 
freely offer the followiog observationt 
for the comments of better Antiqua- 
ries and more skilful erities. 

The old House of I^ords, at I in- 
formed yoo (vol. Lxxzix. ii. 38Q) la 
my description of the Pbinlcd Cbam- 
b^, is attached at one extremity to the 
Painted Chamber (with theexoeptfonof 
a passase foet wide}, and at the oppo- 
site, of Sontliem, to tnePrince^Cbam- 
ber, the whole ffoupe being situated 
ilirecUy behind Mr. Wvatt's •< Geikie** 
front of the present House of Lords. 
This macniflcent apartment (the old 
House of Loids) is, according tv the 
rough mettuiement I was able to 
make, 70 feet kmgj, and 96 foet wide. 
A thick coat of piaster on the upper 
part, and a wainscot lining on the' 
lower inside, and various obttroetiont. 
on the outside, had almost entinJ^ 
concealed from observation the anti- 
quity and beauty of the architectine, 
which is now completely exposed to 
view, and which in point of age and 
general character, is the same as Uie 
Fainted Chamber; but its windows, of 
which there are two on the West, and 
three on the East side, display a greater 
and more elegant variety of moulding^ 
but the form of the tracery is exactly 
similar. Vestiges of paintme are yef 
discoverable, but of tneir subjects or 
their merit nothing can now be said. 
Two capacious but not very ancient 
fire-places appear in the side walls 1 
they have no ornaments, and are them- 
selves very unomamental. The tim- 
ber roof was lofty, and nrobably an- 
cient, but it was destmyea before I vi•^ 
sited the spot ; the corbel table of the 
parapet on the East side remains, but 
it is very imperfect. 

A passage, 9 feet wide, covered in 
ancient times, but originally open, in- 
tervenes between the Pointed Cham- 
ber and the old House of Lords 5 here 
also part of the corbel cornice remains, 
and naving been sheltered, its hand- 
somdj arrtd heads art m uAeiaVAe 
pffefcrMCioa* 



101 Fiitl to an Octogenanan:" T^MS* 

In the vault towards the pauage are from sound principles, and the respect 

two broad and plain pointed arches, of all those whom we have long kooirn 

and in the Nortn-east angle, a door- and reciurocally loved. Such is thi 

way ; and in the sides numerous win- case with my Octogenarian Frirad 

dows, whose external arches are or Sylvanus. 

once were of the lancet shape, and This is the fifth anniversary risi^ 

their internal ones very broad and ob- which, in concert with a few " kmf 

tuse. known" and highly-valued friends, I 

The Prince*s Chamber, which ha- have just paid that excellent old man, 

Tock has rendered a picturesque object. He resides in a somewhat elevated 

has very much the appearance of nav- spot— opposite Hampstead and Higb- 

ing been a chapel. It has an elegant gate hills — ^with a dozen acres of mcft* 

doorway, but no windows on the dow land before his house— and a g»r« 

North side, but there is a row of sin- den, well stocked with plants and 

gle lofty windows on the South side, fruits, behind ; not quite one mile dis- 

one at the West end, and three win- tant from Islington Church. Fortn* 

dows towards the £ast. Beneath is a nately the day (m this dismal raontk 

vault, the walls of which it is evident, of ram !) proved to be fine. The aky 

by a blank Norman window in the was dappled : the breeze blew geotn 

basement on the South side, and the from the South-west — and the united 

striking difference in the masonry all fragrance of strawberries and rainii- 

round, are more ancient than the su- onette, greeted us as we got the fint 

perstructure, but by how many years visto-view of his lawn and shrubs. I 

It is impossible to determine.' The should, however, premise, that a pim 

apartment was never groined, and if of us started at a given hour, from di( 

the vault was not altogether built in ferent points, in oifTerent vehicles, and 

modem times, it has been entirely reaclicd the place of rendeavout—nol 

coated with brick work. quite with such celerity and precisioa 

It should be observed, that in the as the Duke of VVellmgton pot hil 

solid walls of the room known as the forces in motion to march, by aiflFcraiC 

old House of Lords, fragments of torus routes, to the immortal plains of Vit- 

inouldings, the relics probably of a toria. However, it was agreed thil 

Norman building which had occupied the dinner-hour should be somewlut 

the same site, are distinguishaule ; procrastinated} in order tliat we mighl 

and, among heaps of rubbish on the arrive in good time to have a prome- 

floor, I saw an cle^nlly carved frag- nade in the garden of the old gcnUemai^ 

incnt of tracery enriched with paint- and in that of his son-in-law, who re* 

ing and gilding, in tolerable preserva- sides hard by. 

tion. We mustered to the number of levcB 

In conclusion, I cannot help re* guests. The family of Sylvanus mada 
marking, that the extinction of such that number a round dozen. Oa 
fine remains of pointed architecture as alighting from my vehicle (in which 
the Prince's Chamber and the old my legal friend *< the Mirror for Ma* 
House of Lords, is to be deplored, on gistrales'' shared the seat with me: 
one account, because with every build- note well, it was a jarvy charioi), I 
ing the Antiquary loses an example was ushered into the drawing-ioonit 
which he cannot afford ; and on ano- though I made rather a Ifoit for tht 
ther, because the successors are of a Library i and after a most cordial in* 
description ill calculated to suppW the terchanfl;e of salutations, it wai pro- 
deficiency. X<l.^« posed that wc should eniov oar pio- 

♦ mised stroll in the garden. Tne younger 

Visit to an Octogenarian. part of the visitors were already in 

Mr. Urban, Juh/ 17. motion (the magisterial "Mirror in 

THEllli arc few pictures of human the number) upon the lawn: among 

life more pleasing to contemplate, whom I quickly discerned the Modern 

than that of Old Ajsre gradually, but Plutarch, and the great Traders in clat* 

comfortably, declining towards the sical and theological lore. Formyselfp 

j^rave. This comfort, to be complete, 1 quietly brought up the rear, with 

must be two-fold : first, it must arise my Ociagcnariau Friend leaning on ror 

from the frncdom from bodily pain, and, arm, and discoursing cheerily on diN 

secondly, from the possession of good fcrcnt topics— of limes and of liieFa* 

spirits and checrhii hojH:s, resulting turc gone by, or as now existing 



3.] yUii to an Oeiogenarian. Id) 

i tpproached a gravel walk to the tegiiinenti;-^the latter, thin, tapering, 

, snugly lying under a wall, and and reminding us of /iir^o/ enjoymeutt. 

nsed to a warm southern sun. Abore, glistened the cherry — while the 

rhere (exclaimed my venerable wuIU were concealed by trees of tlie 

nrade), do you see yon walk? 1 apricot, peachy and lig-species : 
t the last two or three years of my 

bunce (speaking from tem,x)ra| Be««th hU -npl. W, db.°l»Sdo^ fig. 
Bsei) to regular exercise upon that *^ * ^> 

ilk ;" and, as we gained it, me- So sings Thomson. But the shout of 

ei|jit the Octogenarian paced it youn^ voices was heard. The Octo- 

idi an air of conscious gaiety and cc-narian*s grand-children were abroad. 

ifDgtii^-like some old admiral^ who In fact^ we noticed three or four of 

jjoys his stroll upon the quarter-deck them, running, walking, or being 

or e%'ening, towards sun-set. drawn in a cart: accompanied by a 

llie mirthful discourse of our friends due body-guard of nursery - mauls, 

eekiated our pace, and urged us for- Thus we strolled, ate strawberries* 

nd. We reached a green-house, patted the children's cheeks, now prais* 

oopied by the leaves of a young and ed the weather, and now the garden, 

Nmhing vine. " Please God, my till thb dinner was announced in 

M friend (remarked the Octagcna- due form. I made another efibrt for 

B, pointing with his tortoise-headed the Library ; and we had actually goc 

ne to Uie vine), we will have some possession of it for five minutes but 

ipn off yonder stem, next year, the announce of dinner punned us 

oa remember that I mentioned this even into that peaceful haunt 1 To 

» yoa on vour visit here last July." resist, or tarry longer, wepe fruitless : 

owned that I recollected it — but, and so we marched, a procession of 

tai year'* to a man of fourscore! twelve, into a well-proportioned dinins- 

'tig " another and another,** if it room, and sat down to an excellently 

nse Divine Providence — and why furnished dinner. I soon recognised 

aid I to myself, checking the mise- nw friend the cucumber, in the wake 

lUeEulidiousness of my meditations), ot the turbot. But it were ccfUBlly 

hf should it not be so? Or, if this rude and profitless to describe a dmner 

wtiiy vine-cultivator be deprived of — supplied by the hand of hospitality, 

le fruits of his own vine, during that and demolished by hunjzry stomachs. 

STolving period, sure I am that he .and grateful hearts. The Kiienish wine, 

ill partake of other fruits not less in two poplar-shaped bottles, did not 

flieions in flavour, and salutary in fail to allay thirst and excite applause, 

fceti.'' There was comfort in that 'Twas the savinzs of the last clear 

irrecting thought ; and so we strolled drippings from the Heidelberg Tun. 

li gossipped on, till we joined the Semnronius loved the Madeira, and 

Uanx of our friends. On quitting the Modern Plutarch cleaved to the 

K Octogenarian's garden, we entered Sherry. There was variety for all tastes, 

lit of his son-in-law. It was more and more than a sufUciency for all 

■cious, and stocked with a greater cravinp:s. 

irieiy of fruits. The strawberry, of The Daughters, and the Son, and the 

irioai species, blushed here: the rasp- Son-in-law, and the Grandson, of the 

.fry reddened there: gooseberries. Octogenarian, all mingled in discourse; 

iRT than the largest pearls ** in an all quaifed the juice of the vine (but 

uniop's ear,'* hung down in crimson not of that in the garden) ; were all 

r green globules, by the side of a well- merry, and yet sober and wise. Such 

immed path. Here, the ripening a day of joynncc is not of ordinary oc- 

nants snewed their ruby or amber currence. And how fared the Octo- 

oters: there, again, grew the stately genarian? As gay as the gayest — 

tidioke, and the np-rising celery*, as hearty as the heartiest — ^as happy as 

kuiwhile, the full-ilowcred cauli- the happiest: complaining only that 

Mrer, the Knight-pea, of Brobdigna- he could not exactlu sec when the 

■a altitude, the Windsor-bean, be- juice of the grape nad reached the 

irtby the incipient kidney — each and brim of the glass. But what si,G;ni(ies 

K itemed clad in full luxuriance, and this dimness of sight, when one thinks 

ifiBg promise of plenteous fare. Nor of that perfection of tnttlltctuul \\^\ow 

c the daintier fruits of melon and which all his friends ackuQwVcv\git\v\« 

wambcr omitted: for here they were /tis iiappiness to enjoy \ 
be former, bursting their rocky ium TVvt 



104 FisU to an Octogenarian.'^Antient Anecdotes. '■^Etifmologjf. [Aug« 



The shades of night were now> how* 
ever, falling apace : 

(Majoreiquo cadimt altis de montibus um- 
brae.) 



In the year of Rome 599, t^o n>v« 
ried ladies, Fublicia and Licinia, hav- 
ing poisoned their husbands, were pri- 
vately strangled by order of their reb- 



changed fair wo«l, with our fair com. McVe 1« basdnTd J h w7f; ^«Z 

panions: talked oyer the too .wiftly- f„, ^^^.^^ ,^ f„^,^ i„H.,>«wt !„ ,k; 
flown rerclries : planned another Ak- 
wiVBRSARY VISIT — and at half-past 



Astriujof Jarvies enfiladed the door- •i,',ti:e''!!iT6 ^"yPP''"*'"" '" ^^ 

Ty^JV>*•*.°y^"?![''.''"l'?„^^'''- with a, little ierismony. Egnatim 

cd his wife to death, 
for having too freely indulged in the 
use of wine : nor was any person found 
either 'to call him publicly to accouot 
for the deed, or individually to censaie 
him for it. — Lib. 6, 3, 9. 

Sulpicius Gallus divorced hit wife^ 
for having appeared in public with her 
head uncwered. — Lib, 6, 3, 10. 

Antistius Vetus also repudiated his 
partner, because he had seen her in 
the street in private convenation widi 



ten precisely took our departures — -out 
nol 

*' — - for fresh woods and putures new." 

No :— ere the clock struck twelve, wc 
were all (with one exception) immured 
within the walls of London, about tu 
repose on mattrass-mountcd beds : for, 
in the month of July, I do contend 



that the bed should succumb to the a woman of infamous character. — M, 

mattrass. And how sinks 10 repose 6» 3> H* 

the Father and Son ? I hear, in the Sempronius Sophus likewise dis- 

prayers of the former, the language of solved the conjugal tie, because hit 

Thomson : ^'ifc had ^ne to see the public gama 

"Father of light and life, thou good without his knowledgc.-/.ifc. 6,3, «. 

Supreme? [sE?r !" (^"^ '« conUnued) 

Oh teach me what is good, teach me Tiiv. 



Mr. Urban, Aug. 5. 

IN answer to " P. C." fin your Sty 
plcmcnt, p. 601) I merely reicr 
him to the humbler certainty ot Ains- 
worth*s Dictionary, and botaniol 
truths ; to which I refer him fcr 
" Narcissus,'* and the quotations theie 
Make languor smUe, and imooth the bed of diflused ; and to " Ainsworth" abo* 

^*^^' for the derivation of " Lupinus ;" tboc 



and in those of the latter, something 
that reminds me of the filial piety of 
Pope: 

** Me let the tender office long engage, 

T» rock the cradle of reposing age ; 

With lenient arts extend a Father's breath, 



T 



Yours, &c. Capricornus. 

Ancient Anecdotes^ &c. 
from Valerius Maximus, 
bi/ Dr. Carey, ff'esl Square. 
(Co7itinued from Part L p. bOA.J 

HE 



is visible " Xu^" itself. Mr. "P.C/' 
is in fault in his censure, for had the 
word been derived from AOT«»f, the 
first syllabic must have been spelt ii^ 
the l^tin *' lou," or " leu,** in diph- 
thong ; or at least must have been \ov$ 
in quantity ; a false one Virgil neve*" 



E following examples of Roman committed, or ever disregarded a tru^ 

severity acainst females are worthy one; and in his first Geofgic (lin. 7^^ 

of notice. — Anout the year of Rome we find " /ristisg* Ltipinii" also i*J 

6()7, the worship of Bacchus — a new Horace (Epist. L. 1.7. i. 23") " qai** 

religion, recently introduced into the distant xra lupinis'^ (alluding pernsp^ 

city — being used as a cloak for the to a discrimination not unlike that ^* 

most aboinmahic lewdness, and a dark the Critic) ; and in another line (appi*^ 

confederacy of crime ; the Senate cable perhaps in more senses than on^^ 

ordered the consuls to inquire into the " bona tu ncnlasq' fupinis.'* M •"• 

huMuess ; and these, having found " P. C* no doubt ousxht to have soir»^ 

several ladies guilty of the nefarious critical knowledge, for at all events 1*^ 

practices of the Bacchanalians *, cause<I makes a great deal more than he quoted' 
them all to be privately put to death As to ** ainaranthus/* I can ref(^* 

by their own relatives. — Lib. C, 3, 7. ^]^^^ onf'c more to ** Ainsworth*s C 

_ _. tionary,*' and the quotation therein 

• Sec the detailed and shocking account, fcrrcd to from Ovid; and also to tb- 

sriTcn br Liv)*, of tlic rise, pro;;res!i, and attentive perusal of the former aulbo^* 

f^etc«table deeds of that maleficent and dan- before he assumes the severity of th^^ 

gerous sect.— Li7-. 39, capp. 8, 9, &c. to 19. critic. R. TrevelYAST. 



I 






••./ 



• •• 



••: 



Slimcihury, Jan* C4. 



•Idta 



«ing !■ 



LaA>aw», a« ii appraral 
of the btc Mr. ShBnilmii-. 
e ia not any eiigrnvcil view 
■I lUM. 1 mil induced lo 



"'.,<r£ta' 



Ltaidcnble 



-.■. 'J'hii 
„.rtdoW. 



■ilmiring (he lauerul dispMliion of ilic 
grounds, Mr.ShetntDticcontluctedlhem 
lulo the houM^ioUikc sain t^refrcslunenl, 
which was prcpatril In tltt^ room al- 
luded la. "How ndmirably thisapatt- 
■ncnt ia lined up," exeloiinnl Dr. S — . 
•• TboM sorely caiinol be artificial 
(poiiilli)^ (o one uf thi painted wall*:)- 
— ilicv tiiuil he reel h.izvl-nuu." — 
•• Wah-nali. if you please," leplial 
Mr, B. drily. Per onrc tlie tavibrf 
cou menu nee of Shen»tone disappeaied, 
and, after various eSbrlH to suppreM u 
smile, he nt length left the room in .1 
cmnpleic laugh ; and was not Ifss plens- 
ed, uri his return, nt Dr. S.'s elegantly 
coticlndiiig the coiivorbtion, by say- 
ing, " Whatever the nuia maybe, thit 
I am sure of, that I may here exclaim 
with VoUaiie — *II ii'y est jamais une 
uno& sani prinrcm|is, un printempi 

The houM remained till 1766, when 
il wa& entirely demolTslied, and the 

Cttaan cliarac'teriblie mansion erected 
y Edward Home, I£8i[. the then pos- 

The ritmaUd Priory, on the Irfi, 
wai creeled bv Mr. Shenslone, and 
one B|iartinent iitted up ivilh the arms 
b( his ffientlt, on Gothic ihieldt, and 
dMToiated with various antique relinuei. 

Ynun. &c. D. Parkii. 



I 
I 



COMPENDIUM 01- COUNTY HISTORY. 

S T A F 1-- O H D S H I R I- 

(Cunlinui-dfrnmli.^7.) 
■■11,0 E.tl tNi.U E..I of SiliibuTj), 



E 



u^Unh - 



t, thric luiile ■ 
itoa Ullt : ■ Done doth kilf a Dui.t 
1 [>cieh, lij Leigh ii HiertliioiHi ; 



■ Muli 

•n^Ui.iil'Cr, 



trjr. 



m ^Iht Balllt if Blorc llfalh. 

HLSTORY. 
railed " Christian field,'* ut SlicfiliMwfc, ntar Lichfield, is lup- 
e ocruntd lb'.' dtcndful raadocrt of scvtral ihou^nd Christians 



._! fduiihi near Mocr, beiwwa Kenr«l King of Mercia, and 

igof Korlhomfaria. 

a King of Meicia, invaded by Ina King of the West Sanoni, at 
he erecttd Booebury fortress. 

I KtRK of Mercia murdered iti a Beld, now called Cowbach, at 
* tr of his elder sitter Quendrida- 
B came up the Sererri as far as Bridgnorth, and conxntvUcA 
a oil ihecoatt oflhi$ county. 



106 Compendium of County Wulory, — Staffordshire, [Allg. 

910. A battle was fought at Tettenhall between the Danes and Edward the 
Elder, in which the Saxons were victorious. Henry of Huntingdon relaici 
it as so horrible and sanguinary, as no Language can sufficiently describe.^ 
The Northumbrians were surprized into a tixeu battle at Wednesfield bytbe 
Saxons, and were defeated with the slaughter of many thousand men. Two 
of their kings fell, Halfden and Eowils, the brother of the celebrated Hin- 
guar, and many earls and officers. The Saxons sung hymns on the victory. 

924. The ceremony of the marriage between Sigtr^g, the son of Ivar, to the 
sister of Athelstan, was celebrated with great magnificence at Tamworth. 

941. Anlaf, the Northumbrian Prince, assaulted Tamworth. 

1173. Dudley Castle demolished as a punishment for Paganel being in rebd- 
lion with Prince Henry. 

1255. Burton nearly burnt to the ground. 

1332. Tutbury castle seized by the Crown, on account of the rebellion of 
Thomas Earl of Lancaster against Edward II. — ^Thomas Earl of Uincasler 
defeated at Burton, pursued to Pontcfract, taken prisoner and beheaded. 

1397. Richard 1 1, confined in Lichfield castle. The Cfhristmas before he kept hciCi 

1459. At Blore Hkath was fought a desperate battle between the houses 
of York and I Jincaster ; in which Lonl Audley, the commander of Henry's 
forces, was slain ; as were nearly most all of the Cheshiremen. 

1A7*'). Queen ElizalK^th visited Lichfield, Chartley, Stafford, and Chillinglon. 

I(ii7, Gerard's Bromley, Tixall, and Hore-cross, visited by King James $ who 
was BtTamwoith in I619, and at Whichnor in 1621 and l624. 

I(i40. Mr. Pitt of Wolverhampton endeavoured to bribe Capt. Tathall, G(^ 
vernor of Uushall, to betray tne Garrison for 2,000/. but the Captain dis- 
covered the treacher)', for which Mr. Pitt suffered. 

1^43. Stafford Castle taken from the Royalists by Sir Wm. Brereton, the Fbr- 
liamcntarinn General, and soon after demolished. — Keel House ordered lobe 
demolished by Capt. I^rbar*s soldiers. — Uf^n St. Amon's Heath, under 
Beacon Hill (which is remarkable for a vast collection of stones on its tuin* 
niitj a sharp action was fought between a party of Royalists, under the Eari 
of Northampton, and the Parliamentarians, under Slr J. Gell and Sir W. 
Brereton ; in which the EarPs horse being shot under him, he was wr- 
rounded and slain. — Eccleshall Castle bcsie';cd by Brereton, who defeated 
Col. Hastings (who attempted to relieve it), killing and taking 200 horse.-^ 
I jchfield close was bcsigcd by Ix)rd Brook, who lost his life in the attempti 
but it was ininicdiately after given up to Sir J. Gell, who was soon obliged 
to give it up to Prince Kuperi. 

lf)44. Dudley ('astlc besieged bv the Parliamentarians, when, af\er a resistance 
of three weeks, it was reiievccl (June 11) by some of the King's forces from 
Worcester. The rebels left 100 men dead in the field; and 2 Alsnors, 2Capts. 
3 Lieuts. and 50 privates, were taken prisoners. — Slourton Castle surren- 
dered to the King. — Capt. Stone marched (Feb. 14) against Patteshull House, 
which had a Popish garrison, and was strongly fortified, taking advantage of 
the drawbridge being down, siin)rised the centinels, fell on the gamson, 
killed many, took Mr. Astle the Governor, 2 Jesuits, and 60 more prisonen. 
— Col. Bagot attacked by the Parliamentarians at Lord Paget*s Manor-bouse, 
near Burton-upon-Trent, hut without success, for Col. Bagot attacked them 
so bravely, that he made them fly. He pursued and killed of them enough 
to fill 16 carts. 

l64rt. Dudley Castle surrendered to Sir Wm. Brereton by Col. Leveson the 
Governor, for the Kin;^. — ^Tutbury Castle reduced to ruins by the Parliamenta* 
rians. — When the King's affairs were totally ruined, Lichfield Close surrendered. 

1651. By authority of tne Hump, Lichfield Cathedral was resolved to be de- 
stroyed I which was commenced, hut not finished. 

1745. William Duke of ('uml)crland drew up his army on a large tract of 
ground called Stoncfield, near Stone, in d;illy cx|xrclation of an engagement 
with the forces of the Pretender. 

EMINENT NATIVES. 

Allen, Thomas, celebrated n.atbnnaticiun, Uctoxetor, 15;~2. 
Anson, Loku Georuc, circuinnaTigator, Hugliorough, 10*07. 

Afbeburn, 



] Conq)mdiMm of Couniy Hisiory.'^Staffordthire. 107 

iim» TVonyW) zedout opponent of Wic1cclifFe» Stefford. 

HS, Elias, tkUlcd in Chemiitry, AntiquHiMy HenMrf, Mathematki, and what 

} Lichfieldy 1617. 

— Simeon, nonconformist divine (died 1669). . 
, Thomas, antiquary, Yoxall, 1735. 

r» Edmund, Bishop of Rochester, Hereford, and Salishury. 

- Loid James, distinguished warrior, Heleigh, 181 4. 
t Wm. Justice of the Common Pieas, 1 9 Edw. UL 
TliomaB, Puritan and Parliamentarian, 1 597* 

n» Isaac Hawkins, elegant poet, Burton>upon-Trent, 1705-6. 

nuDOE, Theopuilus, antiquary and learned writer, Lichfield, 1794. 

George, dramatic writer, Lichfield, 1741. 

lOy Richard, celebrated physician, 1513. 

n, Sampson, father of the learned author of ** Magna Britannia." 

m^ Charles, celebrated poet, Beresfurd, 1680, 

V fir Simon, Kt. civilian and antiquary, Uttoxeter, 1619. 

Thomas, dramatic writer, Lichfield, about 1699. 

'ySBnuel, ingenious botanist (died 1706). 

mCKE, Sampson, genealogist, and historian of his native County, Sandon (d. 160S). 

a n, jGri les, '* Justice in the Court at Westminster," temp. Henry HL 

tf Waiiam, theological writer (died 1640). 

ly Elijah, poet, contemporary with Pope and Shelton, near Newcastle, 1683. 

ilHity Thos. learned writer and advocate of Mary Queen of Seots, Sta£Ford (flou- 

lid 16th cent.) 

tf Sr John, eminent physician, Hinters, 1649. 

OTy Lord, celebratoti admiral, Uttoxeter, 1749. 

i, William, Archbishop of Rheims (died 1699). 

ibt John, the celebrated Armlnian, Newcastle, 1593. 

Tbomas, founder of Guy's Hospital Southwark, Taroworth. 

miey. Sir Huj^h, Lord Mayor of London in 1697, Stafford. 

jf Sir James, Lord Mayor of London in 1581, Cottwalton. 

jt Roger, Justice of Common Pleas. 

tyRlcflARD, eminent and accomplished Bishop of Worcester, Congreve, 1790. 

iflhrn Robert, inventor of the Fever Powders, bearing his name, Klnverton, 1703. 

% fir Stephen, Lord Mayor of Londou in 1 508, Wolverhampton. 

Sy Earl of St. Vincent, most celebrated admiral, Meafbrd Hall, 1 734. 

I, Thomas, a poor priest, Tettenhall. 

on, Samuel, Critic, Poet, Biograjiher, Moralist, and Lexicographer, Lichfield, 1 709. 

Gn^ory, herald, and political economist. 

dd, William de. Divine, Lichfield (died 1447). 

nooT, Dr. John, learned divine, one of the persons who completed the ** Polyglutt 

le," Stoke-upon-Trent, 1602. 

■ Thomas, divine, and father of the learned Dr. J. Lightfuot, Shelton (died 1 658) . 
ton, Thomas, celebrated judge, temp. Henry VL 
meroh. Rev. R. critic and aimotator on Milton, 1 697. 

•y Wm. Seaman ; he went eleven times to the East Indies and back, Uttoxeter. 
tfiorty Wm. dramatic writer and actor, 166.9. 

m, Tliomas, Bishop of Bristol, and author of the "Dissertations on the Prophecies,*' 
hficid, 1 703. 

Martin, benefactor, Stafford. 

William Lord, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Wednesbury (died 1564). 
, Lord Chief Baron, Parkhall. 

it» WiHiam, gigantic porter of James I. West Bromwidi. 

boll, Hugh de. Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry from 1240 to 124.'), Patteshull. 
— — Martin de, .Justice in the Courts at Westminster, '2 Henry III. 
^Richard, Lord Mayor of London in 1578, Wolverhampton. 
iCeginald, Cardinal, Abp. of Canterbury, Stourton castle, 15U0. 
Sir William, Lord Mayor of London in 1600, Mucclestonc. 
I, John, mathematician (died 1558). 
-lenry, esq. Consul-general in Egypt, Lichfield. 
hull, William de. Justice of the Commtm Pleas, 1-2 Edw. III. 
)Rkv. Stibbing, historian of his native County, Stone, 1762. 
n, Gilbert, Abp. of Canterbury, Stanton, 1598. 
MMime, Robert, Bishop of Chichester, RoIIeston. 
', Sir Stephen, Loi«J Mayor of London in 1595, Mitton. 
V\ge, (i4»orge, Bishop of Bristol, Lichfield, 1 666, 
A, Mr. poet, Woheky, ItiTfi. 



108 



SiaJfordihirt.'^Giamorganilure, in IMS. 



DNp 



Stafford, Edmund, Abp. of York, tad CSunetUor of Eagkod, Staffbvd (dkd 1419). 

John, hiitaran Mid Fraaeitcaa frier, SldTord (flonrithtd I4th oaBb) 

Stonywell, John, a man of learahig. Abbot of Pershore, Stonywdl (died lftM)> 

S. T. P. StonyweU (died 1618). 

Taylor, John, builder of Barton Church, Barton. 

Walton, Isaac, celebrated angler, Stafford, 1593. 

Wedgwood, Josiah, the ingenious potter, 1781. 

Whittinston, Robert, grammarian, Lichfield (flonriihed 1580). 

Wilkes, Richard, MJD. ingenious and industrious antiquarj (cUed 1760). 

Wittenhall, Edward, BUhop of Cork, Toall (died 17 IS). 

Wolferstan, Samuel Pipe, eminent antiquary, Stratfold, 18.... 

Wollaston, William, a distinguished jphiloso|)hical writer, Coton Qamford, 1669. 

Wyatt, James, eminent architect, Burton, 1743. 

Wyrley, William, author of *' the True Use of Armory," &c. 1674. 

(To be continued J S. T. 



OWENS ACCOUNT OF WALES IN iftoe. 



GLAMORGANSHIRE. 

Hundreds, 10. — Castles, 46. — Parish Churches, 1 18. — Fairs in the year^ S5. 
Chief Lordships, 10.— -Sainghenith, Miskin Ognor, Glyn, Bolkny, Gowefy 

Kilsay, Tallyvaw, Lantwy, Lantrisaint, Neath. 
Market Towns, 4.— -Cardiff, Cowbridge, Neath, Swansea. 
Forests and Chases, 2. — Coedaelh, C^oedphranih. 
Parks, g. — Margan, Weny, 2, 3, St. Donats, Coed, Marthan, Lanvabor» Radifi 

the Pille, Lanvenio. 
Ports and Havens, 10. — Coean Pille, Silly, Barry, Swansea, Newton, NotHlge^ 

Aberavon, Neath, Mumoles-Potreynon, Burrey. 
CA^/ Rivers, 10. — Loughor, Tawey, Neath, Avon, Tafn, Agmor, Ewcnnj* 

Tiiawan, Lay» Romney. 
Bishop's See, I ; Landaff. — Abbeys, 2; Neath, Margam. — Priories, 1; EweoBf. 

— Friery, 1 ; Caerdiff. — Waraenship, 1 ; Swansey. — Nunnery, 0. 

Generoti. 
Edward Stradling, Miles. 

William Herbert, Miles. 



Thomu Mansell, Miles. 

Edward LewU. 
Henrj Matthew. 
Thomas Carn. 
Richard Basset. 
Anthony Mansel. 
Leyson Evans. 
WUliam Matthew. 
Edward Kemes. 
Robert Thomas. 
Robert Thomas. 
WUUam Price. 
Henry Matthew. 
Jenkin FurbiU. 
Walter Williams. 
Henry Mansell. 
Edward Pritchard. 
Edward Matthew. 
— ^-^— Fleming. 

Van. 

' ■ »— Beaudrip. 
G. Giles. 
Bolton. 



Mansiones, 
St. Donats. 

Caerdiff, Swansea. < 

Margam, Oxwich. i 

Van Caerdiff. 
Radir Caerdiff. 
Wenny. 
Bewper. 
Lantrllhed. 
Neath. 
Landafle. 
Keven, Mabley. 
Lanvihangel. 
'Brigan. 
Lansaivel. 

Penlvnn. 
Gelligaer. 
Landewey. 
Blaencayeth. 

Flymstone. 



Crofton. 



Fil. Edwardi G^e, Militit. 
Griffith, Ist.; Maiy Barklcy, fd.1 

Aubrey, 8d. 
Fil. Dom. Mordaunt. 
Fil. Dom. Powle. 
Fd. Thomas Morgan di Mifhi 



ra. et Hseres Tho. Bowyar. 
F. and H. Jo. Tho. Baasett. 
Margaret Herbert. 



Fil. — Fleming. 
Kath. Hopkins. 
Cecilia Herbert. 
Dorothy Newton. 



Patria. — Soil, Most of it very fertile. — Gentlemen. Many Gentlemen of great 
livings.— Ptoyi/c. Very tall and populous ; impatient of injuries, and therefore 



often 



qfJUmmorgoMMkirt 



109 



often qnaml, with CMatoatragek Th^on mmdc parts too commoD. Great 

troops of retatnera m\am evaiy gjentleinao. 
Tww. — Cardiff, the fairest town in Walcs» but not the richest. Cambridge, 

tod Pontvaine, little towns in the midst of the shire, ocod for their bigneis. 

Swansea, pret^ town, and sood ; much frequented by shipping. The rest of 

the towns poor, and much decayed. ' 
Qkmamnshnet long, from Wormshead toRumney juxtaKevenmabley, Sgtnilei. 

Broad, from Newton Nottage to Aberpurgum, 14 miles. 
CoDtaineth square miles, 448. 

BRECKNOCKSHIRE. 

Badreds, 6. — Casiles, l6. — Fairs in the year, 10. 

hrkt, 2, Henoyd, Porthamal. 

Ikrket Towns, 4. — Brecon, Hay, Buelht, Crayhowell. 

Oarf Lordships, 8. — ^Brecon, S. Membries, Buelht,»Hay Trctower, Pcnkclby, 

Lilidtfwey, Cantricelly, Creighowell. 
Qiff Rivers, 8. — Wye, Usk, Llyfni, Irvon, Groyncy, Hadhney, Uskirbran. 
Qief Mountains, 3. — Banny, Manochdony, Crowney. 
Furests and Great Woods, 2, — Forest y Brenntn, Devi n nog. 
Mrjr, 1 ; Brecon. — Monasteries, 0. — Collegiate Church, 1 ; Brecon. — Friery. 



]kIMdWiUiHiit,MUet. 
Dm. JohnGsmet, Miles. , 
DoBLEdv. Aubrey, M3es. 

W3Em Vanglitii. 

MsFriee. 
Hssill Chriim. 
WyEnWatkoii. 
lorn WiDkins. 
CMnWikoS. 
Roger Vngfaan. 
iomOamet. 
Bidmd Hcrben. 
Waikm Walbeif. 
RiKii ap Ridd'rch. 
Jobs Gmdm, Cortmstor. 



Monsiones* 
Gwsmwett* 

NewtOD. < 

Abercondr^, Abeibrsne 

FVstower. 



Brecknodc. 

Trecsstle. 

Lsagorse. 

Park. 

Boelht. 

Martbyr. 

Aberbrane, Penderrin. 

Penkellj. 

Laahamlach. 

Bughlin. 

Trevecca. 

Castlemaddock. 

PoDtywall. 

GilUtone. 

Ciickhowell. 

Portbamal. 






Uxores, 

Margaret, fil. Jobn Games. 

Fil. Gwinu, Trecutle. 

ra. Meredith Games. 

Fd.etcoheir,Wm.HaTard,ofBraeoiu 

I St. Fil. Thoroai de Lowes, fid.; 
Fnmcisca, fil. Thomas Somer- 
set, militis. 

Elizabeth Games, of Aberbrans. 

F. et cohaer. — Bojle. 

F. et hiers. Lod. Howard. 

Fil. John Games, of Aberbrane. 

Eliz. Games of Newton. 

Sybilla Games, of Aberbrane. 

Fil. Do. Edward Aubrey, Militis. 

Fil. Edward Games. 

Katherlne Games, of Aberbrane. 

T{L, D*ni. Evans de Neatb. 

1 . a Northern Woman. 

t. Fl. Mered. Thomu, of Brecon. 

3. Fl. Roger Vaughao. 

Fil. Gr. Gefferies, of Glynn. 

FiL et coh. Wm. Vanghan de Chase. 

Elenor fil. Wm. Lewis. 

Fl. ' Aubrey. 

Fil. Edw. Games. 



WiOni Vaaghan. 

Wabm Powell. 
BsgcrHsvard. 
IsoaasGnnter. 
WiBiuB Herbert. 
Wilfiun Solers. 

Patiu.— 5ot/, oartly good land. — People, in general not tall, or personable ; 

unruly. Thefts abounding, too many retainers. 
Tomf. — ^Brecknock, a big town, fair built, but evil for eutcrtaiument and not 

▼enr rich. Other towns poor. 
Brecknockshire, loiic from Claerwen to Langroyne, 34 miles. Broad, from 

Yibrudgunlass to Wye juxta Crickadern, 24 miles. 
CoDUiuetn square miles 6()d. 

FLY LEAVES.— No. XIV. 
Geoffery Chaucer, 

THE Fly Leaf of an imperfect copy of Chaucer's Works, that belonged to 
the late antiquary Richard Gougn, Esq. had the followin*^ quaint inscrip- 
tien, with the imposing eliiect of being written in the black letter characlct. 

Kaawe y a// wlghtm y ' on my Jeeves doe looke 
OfMuMUr WiUmm Shenukmo whylome was 1 y« boke 



^«X 



110 Fly Leanes. — Chaucer, Thoma$ Churchyard, Samuil tkmkL- [Aqf» 

But tyns to Dtn Orcns nowt he if jfgoM 
Rrzard of Englefield dotth me owdo. 
Tnuf goe I through all Ragiomif t - 

Eft chamum I my Maaiiomu : 
Ah me j< I here loeta 
Some Leeves to my coste : 
Yet of me enoughe remayneth 
To delyghte him y^ compUynethy 
For Love or for l}efpyte» 
By dav or by nyghte. 
In y< yeere of y« Incamacyon mccdlsiv. — ^R. G[ough]. 

Tlionuu Churchyard. 

At what particular period these verses of our Court poet were written, is dqI 
cerlaiu* Tney might nave been addressed to tlic Earl of Leicester immediately 
after the receival of Queen Elizabeth at Kcnilworth, as by describing the peopN 
desirous to " mark what end would come" thereof, we may conclude it was •■ 
expected public interview, and when that nobleman moved in the zenith of 
favouritism. From an old MS. penes me. 

Fpon the Reeeaovig the Quene, made to the Erie qfLeyeaUt. 
I Mwe the ttrayning hande receave the welcoomde geaat. 
Whose trembling blood in frindly &ce, his inward joy exprest : 
Yea, sure the sbamefiut smiles, that mantle redd did shrowdes 
Made smidiy thinke ther sate by happ, a Goddette in a clotrdo. 
And therwith all roe thought tlie velding lookes did speake. 
As thoughe som flames of fixed fiuth shuld out of fbrnas breake i 
To shove the hidden hei^, that parte did harbor still. 
For lack of calmv quiet thoughts, and want of wishes will. 
The people stoode and markte, what ende wold com of this. 
And commen bmite said : these good sigries wiU breed a further Uiste, 
But envy thought not so : His bristles vppe he caste. 
As doth the angry chased boare, when hunters blowe the blaste 
That makes the bsgles bite. Oh blessed Lord, q. I, 
Thooffh foes do firowne and thinke a chainge, nuiy turn the dowdi ia ikyy 
Yet uod is where he wasy and frends shall never nile, 
To pray and wbhe the tossed sbipp, may safely hoise vpp saile. | 

Let malice worke hb worst, like monster muse he shall 
With skowling browes and wrinkled cheeks, and haply roisse the baU : 
When true deserts shall shine among the «>dd8 above 
And labor longe as reason is, shall reape the fruit of Love. 

Churchyanie. 
Samuel Daniel. 

This poet, like others that flourished of the same age, has not yet obtained 
the attention necessary to form a standard edition of his works. Not only S0>>^ 
of his pieces are unknown to modern editors, but, although he announced tlkl^ 
he had 

Rcpair'd some parts defective here and there. 

And passages new added to the same : 

the variations remain unnoticed. Compare the following Sonnet from editio* 
I5g5, with No. XXII. of recent editions. 

Come, Death, the anchor-hold of all my thoughts, 

My last resort whereto my soule appeales. 
For all too long on earth my £uicv dotes. 

Whilst age vpon my wasted body steales. 

That hart being made the prospectiue of horror. 
That honored hath the crueist finire that Hues, 

Tlie crueist £ur that sees I languish for her. 
Yet never mercy to my merrite giues : 

Thys is her lawrell and her triumphes prize. 
To treade me downe with foote of her disgrace 

Whilst I did build my fortune in her eyes, § 

And layd my Iiue*s rest on so Aure a face : > 

Which rest I lo&t, my loTe, my life and all. 

So high attempts to low disgraces &1L 

Robert 



UK.] f% iMwes, So.XlF^^R. Devereux, E. of Eisex.^M. Draytm, I II 

Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex. 

Linei, firom a volume in maniucrtpt^ containing the trial of this unfortunate 
■MnnaD. 

Happyv were he could fenish forth hit &te» 
Id Bome enchanted deseit most ohscure ; 
From all eocietye, from loue^ firom hate 

Of workUje folke» then should he sleepe secure : 

Then wake againcy and yeeld Ood euer prayse, 

Content with hippa and hawes, and bramhle berrye ; 
In contemplation passinc stUl his dayes. 

And chane of holye thoughts to make him merrye : 
Whoe when ne dyea his tombe may be a bushy 
Where harmlea robin dwells with gentle thrush. 

Coma EstexU, 
Michael Drayton, 

Another neglected poet. Odes 4 and 8» in an early edition^ arc not found in 
tknodem ones. We give the first. 

To my worthy firend, Master John Saoage, of the Inner Temple. 

Ode 4. 



Vmn this ainfull earth 

if man can happr be, 
Aad higher then nis buth, 

Fmd, take him thus of me. 

Whom promise not deceives. 
That ne the breach should rue : 

Nor constant reason leavea 
OpinioB to puiBiie. 

To myse hia meane estate. 
That sooths no wanton's sinne. 

Ml that pralnment hate. 
That virtue doth not winae, 

Norlmverv doth admire, 
Nor doth more love professe, 

To that he doth desire. 
Then that he doth possesse. 

Loose humor nor to please, 
That neither spares nor spends. 

That by discretion weyes. 
What is to needfull ends. 



To him deserving not 

Not yeelding, nor doth honid 
What is not his, doing what 

He ought, not what he could. 

Whome the base tyrant's will 
So much could never awe. 

As him for good or ill 
From honesty to drawe. 

Whose oonstancy doth rise, 

'Bove vndeserved spight. 
Whose valew'rs to des|nse. 

That most doth him delight. 

That early leave doth take 

Of th' world, though to his paine. 
For vertue's onely sake. 

And not till need constrayne. 

Noe man can be so free. 
Though in imperlall seate. 

Nor eminent as nee 

That deeroeth nothing greate. 



The following is one of the ungathered complimentary Sonnets, by the same 
>illior, prefixed to the Potiteuphia. 

The curioiu eye that over-rashly lookes, 

And gives no taste nor feeling to the minde, 
Robs its owne seMie, and wrongs those laboured boukes, 

Wherein the soule might greater comfort finde. 
But when that sense dotn pUy the busie bee. 

And for the honie not tne poison reads. 
Then for the labour it receives the fee 

When, as the mind on heavenly sweetnesse feeds. 
This doe thine eye : and if it find not heere 

Such precious comforts as may give content. 
And shall confesse the travaile not to deere, 

Nor idle houres that in this worke were spente : 
Never hereafter will I ever looke 
For thing of worth in any mortall booke< — M. D. 

£u. Hood. 



Mr. Urban, Enfield, Feb, «0. 

I SEND a few remarks on your Second 
Supplementary Number of last year. 
The opinion of '« G. W/\p. 580, 
mpectiag the increase of Suicide, is 



at least novel and far-fetched. To use 
his own words, " first and foremost," 
I would advise him, when he intro- 
duces a Latin quotalion 0^ ^V. \^^ ^ 
quotation), to give a faivMuV ou^, «c^^ 



U« Suicides.'^Pew (}peners, — Cardt.^The Greeki.'-^Basiardt. [Ai^ 

as much of it as is necessary for the . do not diflfcr more widely in chancier 
purpose intended, which on rc-perusal than do the present lace of Gniki 
ne will find he has not done in this from their ancestors, who so gloriooi^k 
instance. He seems to think that fell at Marathon. Experience hv 
lying in bed all day, and sitting up all shewn us that in the disgraceful ni 
night, good eating and drinking, &c. diabolical attrocitiesand excesses whick 
are the principal causes for the com- have been committed between thi 
mission of this crime. Few people, 1 Greeks aud the Turks, there is not w 
believe (and I speak it respectfully) the score of humanity (to use a con- 
enjoy the blessing of good livin"; in a moaphrase), *' a pin to choose between 
greater degree than Sir William Curtis, them," or in other words, 
and yet he is the last man 1 should « "Hs luad to know which an the wonCi 
suspect as being likely to deprive him- Which are the best U quite a toM-np." 

'•'^i. °i$r })" ^u^f ^'^^Z whatever Yours, &c. Qoif. 

•• G. W." may thmk to the contrary. ^ ^ 

This is a happy age, in which every . W 

roan is permitted to enjoy his own Mr. Urban, Juljf 10. 

opinion; the above is the opinion of I N answer to a query I sent to^ 

** G. W." respecting the cause of fre- 1 some time apo, I have obtained 

quent suicide ; mine is very different, the following particulars, but notsoffi- 

but there is no necessity to state it. cicntly satisfactory to me. 

We may be both right or both wrong. Query. Whether a Bastard bcen- 

" tot homines, quot sententiae." tilled to bear either the arms of hnoi 

The remarks of " P. F." p. 589, on her father or mother? 

the insolence of Pew Openers, are, to In the first place, it is perfectly clear 

the disgrace of Parish Officers, but too he cannot bear those of his father. . 

true, and what most of us unfortu- « a Butard is that male or female tbi 

nately have to complain of, but his re- is begotten and bom of any woman not wr- 

marks should rather have been addressed ried, so that the ckiUts father it hot kmmm 

to the Churchwardens of the Parish, by order and judgment of Law, for Mk 

than inserted in your Magazine. reason he is calied Fdiut Popoli V 

" W. R." p. 592, regrets that Bowls " In » convevanca by a ftther to a.Vm- 

and Cricket have given way to Card- ^^ ««»» n**™ affection it not a anfidiiC 

playing, and that whole families should consideration ; for that he is a nmA3MU 

Muander away the noon hours of a de- "» ^ ^thou^h he be a ton m oMitt. 

lightful summcr's^ay in devotion to ^ "The "ght. of Bastard, are vwy fcj 

/" I Tn.—^--^^-.:-.:- ..1 • K* u being only such u he can aeqmres watm 

Cards. There are ceriamthmes which e.n Ler^ nothing, being iSfcedipe. • 

111 my opinion were made for each ^j,^ ,^„ ^f ^^y^^ andTtometimet'oIlW 

other, and among others I may name p,|iu, Nullius, sometimes FiUut PopulL Al 

the followmg, brown ale for hazle- ^ther ch'ddien have their priaouy sMtk- 

nuts, music for dancing, capers-sauce ment iu their Other's parish ; bat a B^Mi 

for boiled mutton, and to sum up the in the parish where born, for be bath as 

whole, Card- playing for a winter's rATfiER^." 

evening, and consequently candle-light ; Thus, 1 think it is clear, that a Bar 

that the devotees sometimes allow ^^rd cannot take the armorial bearingi 

mormng to creep in before they quit ^f ^1,^ reputed father, inasmuch as & 

the pleasant rubber, I can readily ™„ ^ ^^ recognized only as snefa 

believe, indeed 1 well know to be bv the law of nature 

the case , but where Card-playing is ' with respect to the right from the 

carried on as a general thing at mid- mother's side :— in 2 Rollin's Abridg. 

day m the summer-time, I am at a loss jt ig^ .. if ^ Basurd die without issu^ 

to know. -^ . , though the land cannot descend to ain 

In J. Lemprierc, D. D. p. 604 I re- |,^ir*J,n the part of the father, yet U 

cogn^thecompilerofthelearnwlClas. ^he heir on \he part of the iik>tbe 

sical Dictionary under that utle; hiszeal (being no bastard) it may; because k 

as a classical man m the cause of the j, ^^^^^ j,^^^^ o^ ^Hi mothbr." 

Greeks, as desccndanu (as he says) of ^nd in Godolp. 483, a " butaid 11 

those immortal heroes who bled on the respect of his mother, b said to be ) 

fields of Marathon and Tliermopylae, _1 

in defence of their liberties, is praise- • Godolpbin's Repertorium CanonieMi 

worth/; but the reverend gentleman 47s. -V OodxA^. \^. 4ti« 

must consider that honesty and roguery X Coke*s l.^tXtum, «. 



ins.] Baitardy.—Old Homes at Islington.'-^'' Modem Policies^ 1 13 



Ml I** ihut being recognized by Law 
of ibc blood of the mother, it might 
kioppoBed that he might claim those 
■irUcgies pertaining to the mother; 
Ml the abovB remarks, that he has 
flo^ such rights as he can acquire^ not 
kiag in a capacity to inherit any 
thing, appear airectiy opposed to sucn 
a upposition ( and filacKstone, vol. I. 
f. iSg, clearly states, 

** A Baittfd cantiot be heir to any one, 
salbtr can he have heirs but of his own 
\tki ; frr being NulUns Filiut, he it there- 
Im of kin to nobody, and has no ancestor 
fan whom any inheritable blood can be 
weiL 

Again, vol. II. p. S49, 

*< At a Bastard has no legal ancestocs, he 
«B hna no odlateral kindred." 

Agun, vol. I. p. 459, 

" A Bastard was also incapable of Holy 
Okto, and though that were dispensed 
widi, TCt be was utterly disqualified from 
lotfisg any dignity in the Church ; but 
lb doenrine seems now obsolete, and in all 
siher Meets there ii ao dtsHndiom between 
s BMlsrd and another man. And really 
IB7 elhar distinction but that of not taAe- 
fiiji^, .which civil policy rcndea necessary, 
amUi with regard to tlw innocent offspring 
rf his fareBl'a Crimea, be odious, unjusti 
ad cnsl, te tha last degree." 

There might be some doubt upon 
An latter query, if we stopped here j 
but I find, in Godolph. p. 480, 
"that bastardy so stains the blood, 
that the Bastard can challenge neither 
honour nor arms ; and so disable him, 
thai he cannot pretend to any succes- 
lioa to inheriuncc.'* This completely 
doM all doubt, so far as the common 
bv authorities, which I liave cited {$0 ; 
hot points of heraldry are very nice, 
and require generally to be decided by 
penons well acquainted with the lawa 
sod customs connected with it. 

An answer to the above will most 
pinicularly oblige. 

Yours, &c. Gloucestrian. 

Mr. Urban, July 3. 

I SEND you a view of some houses, 
in the parish of Islington, near the 
Turnpike. (Sec the hronlispiece in 
§»freteni Volume.) One of them is 
carious, as being the representation of 
Tke Three Halt public-house, which 
\m been repaired since this view was 
taken. 

In Bickorstaffe'ft comedy of " The 
Hypocrite," Mawworm .mk« : 
OtMT. Mao. yfhjus/, I Si J. 



** TUl I went after him [Dr. Cantwell] 
I was little batter than the deril ; my con- 
science wu tanned with sin, like a piece of 
neat*s leather, and had no more fiMling than 
the sole of my shoe ; always a rinring after 
Csntastical delights: I used to go, ereiy 
Sunday erening, to the Three Hats at Isling- 
ton I it's a public-house ! mayhap your 
Ladrship may know it : I was a great lover 
of skittles too, but now I can't bear Uiem." 

I believe Mr. Nelson, in his " His- 
tory of Islington," does not mention 
this house. N. R. S. 

Mr. Urban, July A, 

THE enclosed is from a book of 
verj small size, on the cover of 
which IS written, by the hand of a 
roan of no slight authority in his day, 
** supposed to be by Archbishop Shel- 
don.'' If you thinlc it will be accept- 
able to your Readers, this and more of 
it shall be at your service. 
\'our8, &c. An Oli> Reader. 

Modern Policies, 
Taken from Machiavel, Borgia, and 
other choice Authors, by an Eye-wit- 
ness. 

Horn. AXXs rat /xit vum, km pge^ofAat. — 
SaUust, Fragm, Libidinem dominandi, 
causam belli habent, et maximam Glo- 
riara in maximo imperio putant^ — Plautus 
in CajOiois, Nam doli non doli sunt, 
nisi asttt colas, sed malum maximum si 
id palam provenit. — Trinummiu. Ambi- 
tio jam more sancta 'at. Libera 'st a 
legiban : petere honorem pro fiagitio, 
more fit. Mores legesperduxerunt jam 
in potestatem suam. Tne Seventh £di- 
tion. London : printed by J. Streater, 
for Tho. Dring, at the signe of the 
George, in Fleet-street, near Clifford's 
Inne. 1 657. 

To my very good Lord, my Lord R,B.E. 

My Lord, 

I was never so nroud as to think I 
could write any thing that might abide 
the test of your judicious eye: what I 
now send, apixrales to your candor, on- 
treating you to lay aside the person of 
ar judge for that of a friend. It is at 
best hut a pamphlet, whether you con- 
sider its hulk, or worth. The result 
of a few pensive hourcs spent in recol- 
lecting what the memory had registered 
from [)ubli(|ue observance, or private 
readinir, in a theme so sadly copious 
as this is. If it be not impertinent to 
tell you what hinted to this trifle, it 
was this : Having had opportunity to 
look abroad into the wotVd, \ vooV 



114 ' " Modem Polic'm, iaken from Machiavei;' ftc. [AigS 

Mine notice of the contraltos of the knew no other muaick but Mutal 

lulian Princes, I remarketl the Spa- arms. 

niartls griping Portugall, his grounds 1 have endeavoured, in the seipe^ 
for the challenge of that kingdom , and to represent to you the arts of amfai* 
his way of managing those grounds. I tion, by giving the picture of a pom 
looked upon his method of proi^agat- over-covetous of ^lory. Tlie pieoB ii 
ing Christianity in the West (where, course, but yet like { drawn only ■ 
one says, the Indian is bound to be re- water-colours, which some of greilv 
lieious and poor, upon pain of death), leisure and abilities may possiUy hofh 
NIoreover, I observed with what artifice after lay in oylc. You know that iht 
the Pope moderated in the European desires of man are vast as his thougliliy 
quarrels, and with what devices he boundless as the ocean, Ilidoc n T(y 
twisted the Gospel and the advantage ^g^^ diri^arroi la-iGvpo?*; atubboicl 
of the chair together; and in all the jg not more insatiate. Tis pity tiM 
struglinga and disputes that have of greatness should ever lie oat of tbi 
late years befallen tins corner of the ^vay of goodness ; and I would sonN* 
world, 1 found that although the pre- times, if I durst, with Socrates emit 
tcnce was fine and spiritual, yet the him tliat first separated profitable airf 
ultimate end and true scope was cold, honcsL It docs to me a little relish d 
and ereatness, and secular glory. But, paradox, that wherever I come, Mi- 
rny Lord, to come near; when I saw chiavel is verbally cursed and damn'd, 
kingdoms tottering, one nation reeling and yet praciicafly embraced and ». 
against another; yea, one piece of a scrted; for there is no kingdom bol 
nation justling the other, and split in- hath » ^ace of men, that are lURenioH 
to so many jwrties and petty communi- at the peril of the publick ; so that ■ 
ties; and each of these quoting Bible one said of Galba, in respect of Ul 
to palliate his mad and exorbitant opi- crooked body, " Ingenium Galba 
nions : I sighed, and it grieved me to „,ale habitat;^' so may I say of tbci^ 
see popular easiness and we 1-mcaniiig jn regard of their crooked use; tliM 
abused by ambitious self-sceking men ; ^it could not have chosen a wone 
for there is a generation, that is born mansion than where it is viciated uA 
to be the plague, and disquiet, and ^ade a pandar of wickedness, 
scourge of the age it lives in; that Ifyouask me whati mean,totrouMi 
gladly sacrifice tlie publick peace to ,hc world, that is already under such i 
private intercbt i and when they see all ^i^ of hooks : you may easily perwhi 
hred, with joy warm their haiicl§ at that I consulted not at all with «l^ 
those unhappy llaiiics which them- vantaging my name, or wooing poWil* 
selves kindiei tuning their merry harps, V^it-em by what 1 now write; 1 kne« 
when others are weeping over a king- tlicre was much of naked tniUi in it, 

d 



dom's funeral. But aljove all, it pierces and thought it possibly might be 

my heart to see the Clergy in such an gome caution to prevent the insim» 

high degree accessory to the civil dis- tion of pious frauds and religious fA 

tempers and contentions that have lacies into my native country? If uq 

jyery where shaken the foundations of plain-hearted honest man shall cttk 

Church and suite; so that (as the Ca- away an hour in perusing it, he mq 

thohck noted) there hath been no flood ^haps find something in it reieii; 

of misery, but did sprins; from, or at (,|ing his own thought^, and not allfr 

least was much swe led by their holy- ^^.thcr strange to his own experience 

water. 1 searched the Evangelical re- jt \^ not the least of our misWunes 

cords; and there was nothing but mild that sins and vires are oft-times e» 

and soft doctrines i I enquired into the ^i^ared to us by false titles and compli 

breathings of the spirit, and they were ,ncnts; biding couzened by a specioa 

pacificatory : I wondered from what ^ame, though much incoherent to ihi 

precedents and Scrinture- encourage- thing we ascribe it , or else omittiw 

ments the*e men deduced their prac- the vice, which is the main, it inS 

tises, and at last was forceil to conclude ^ates only the vertue, which is lb 

that they were only pretended Chap- hy : as for example, we call an ambr 

lains to the rnnce ot Pi-ace ; those .{L ^^ ^ '/• * 




hare soun/ia] rcireah to popular furies, • luubUchus. 



'' Modern polmu:'—Momimm$ of SMxerland. 115 

r grandeur; and I find, that press (especially as to discourses of this 
clous entertainment of these nature), and if ever, 1 fain would have 
lurjudgincnts are often bribed it seen by a fairer light. The K^ai 
tehensions, and we s(»duced God of Heaven, poure into us such in- 
rtions. I have endeavoured, ward props and comforts, as may help 
suing discourse, to wipe off us to stem and bear up against the 
; and fuciis; that so things rugged traverses of degenerate times. 
ar in their true complexion. And let it beget in us milder opinions 
ated with the slights and of adversity, when we consider that 
of deluders. the winter of affliction does the better 
rd, that your Lonlship may fit us to bear the eternal verdure of 
* those whom the dark Poet glory. The time will come when all 
iSnararr», that the youth of shadows and apparitions shall vanish. 
9urs may be renewed to you. Glorious morn! when wilt thou dawn? 
r happiness may know no Then tiiese sullen clouds shall be scat* 
Km but a Spring, is the vote tered. Right restored. Worth prized, 
niiiden senant Virtue honoured. Vice degraded, and 
Honesty rewarded. Farewell ! 

To THB RiADER. ▼ 

, that nothing in this might On the Mountains of Switmr- 
Dooimon eye, the quotations land. 
lated, not xara vo^a^, but as (Continued from p, 5.) 
rt serve the sense and scope of 'T^HE Avalanches of Snow are the 
n yet I birlieve thou wilt find X most common, and yet the most 
the English, which is not formidable phenomena of the A\\n. 
I by the original, or, which Happy those who contemplate at a 
by tlie truth. I invite none distance, and freed from danger cn- 
i such as desire to be just joy without fear so magnificent a spec- 
Ad loyal observers of a good tiicle, es|>ecially during tlie spring, iu 
«. Now, if thou becst not which they are the most frequent and 
by the verdict of thine own considerable « they behold the snows 
lou art welcome; otherwise deuched by the winds, or by other 
Dot as diricied to ihcc, but causes, from their elevated abodes, 
' thee. This book is like a precipitated at first iu small quantities 
n a broker's shoo, not design- upon the points of the Mountains ; 
ly one person, hut made for then enlarging by de^^rees as ihey'ad- 
tfits.^ My intent was, to re- vance, uniting to their nias:>es the 
I you in the general, not nien- frcah snows, and soon forming gigan- 
articulars, a cursed, wicked, lic masses; which draw down with 
fortunate |)olitician. *Twas an awful crash, ices, stones, and rocks, 
aution that Cassius gave the breaking and overturning cxteuhive fo- 
oncerning Pt)mi)cy . ** Nos rests, houses, and all other obstacles 
demus, sed timco ne ille nos which they meet in their |>assage ; 
sp/xTn^ia*;.'* 'Tis foolish to prccipilaiing themselves into the vaU 
the face of Dionysius, and lies, which they render desolate, with 
I to shrug before And ronicus; the rapidity of lightning, and fro- 
Kxl to tempt the disple;isure (»f (juently overwhelm whole villages with 
Mn idle scores ; a thin shield ruin and death! not a^^ear passes with- 
: to keep out the style of a out the recitid of such dreadful visita- 
lor can I commend him who tions, with which the history of Swit- 
bishoprick for a romance, zerland is replete, 
t I brand not |>ersons but In the high AlpLS and in the val- 
md if any man's guilt flashes lies exposed to Avalanches, the inha- 
ce when he reads, let him bitants take care to place theit cot- 
errour, and he is unconcern- tages ujx)!! the bonlers of the forests, 
to no purpose to tell that whose fir trees may preserve them in 
second |>art, twin and coeia- case of danger, and stop their first ini- 
ihis, that was once intended |)etuosity. 

e same fortune; hut 1 have The udiahitanls of the Mountains 

ions, besides mine own weak- of Switzerland arc cxnobed Xo V\\« ^^\\- 

pubhslt a valediction to Uic iug of the Cdrlli» pi clones > aki\i\ o^ 



1 1(1 Omikt M^imiami of SwltM^rUmd. [kag. 

rocksy which art nol lot formidablt at a short dislanoa from th* loot oftht 

than those of snow, and Mrhich are glaciers. Many learned and other pet^ 

accompanied with circumstances still sons» have remarked that the leflipe- 

more terrific: the annals of the Va- rature of the mountains of Switsertand 

laisy the Grisons, the Tessin, and has abated daring some past cenluiici^ 

many other Mountainous Cantons^ and has become reducible to a tok 

have presenred their history by tradi- of computation, affording the foUow* 

tion I and have left the traces of past ing curious results : 
drsolation and ruin. 1. That historical testimoniet abeir 

Burrieanetf mingled with whirl- that many places in the Alps, which 

winds of snow, are likewise very dan- formerly produced pasturage, are aow 

gerous for travellers passing the high sterile. 

Alps ; they obstruct in a short time the S. That historical testimonies, and 

roads and passes i they heap together even vestiges still subsisting, demons 

immense quantities of snow ; some- strate that there formerly existed fo< 

times they envelope men and animals ; rests at an elevation far beyond the 

at other times, they instantaneously actual line of the vegetation of treci. 
blind them, and do not permit them 3. That the line of perpetual snow 

to discern their route; so that they are has progressively abated, 
in the utmost danger of mistaking their 4. Tnat the glaciers are making 

way, and falling into the precipices that progress in many places of SwitMw 

surround them. land. This opinion, which has je- 

The Jitsuret which inclose the ice, nerally spread, has engajged the Hcl* 

are often found to be of a prodigious vetic Society of Natural bciences, in iH 

depth, and covered, especially in the session at Zurich in ISl?* to propoM 

spring and beginning ot the summer, a prize of 600 livres for the best tus 

by beds of snow, which hide them nioir on the following question: II 

from view, and sink on a sudden, it true that the high Alps of Switlc^ 

when surchareed with aiw foreign land are become more and more ooU 

weight. Acciaents arising from these within a series of years? The snl^eet 

fissures, are numerous, and form one well demands historical research mlB 

of the ordinary subjects of caution and facts and observations, 
conversation among the Mountain- It u more than a century riaei 

guides. Hunters often meet death in Schenchzer remarked in his oiy^wl 

these fissures, or in other precipices style — that in this corrupted age^ 

near which they daily hazard their wherein the love of God, and of ow 

venturous steps : the story of John neighbour has grown cold, the seMOOl 

Heitz in the annals of Glaris, of Da- of the year have grown cold abo, dit 

vid Zwicki, and especially of Gaspard winters longer — the summer thoffleri 

Stoeri, are still recited and heard with and the vine furnishes a wine shvptt 

renewed interest and astonishment ! and more bitter than heretofore f in 

From what has been already said, fine, that the masses of snow, wbkh 

it will be readily comprehended that always remain upon the mountah% 

Switzerland has not a climate so tem- increase every year, 
perate as her geographic position and Picot ascertained the height !■ 

station in Europe would assign to heri French feet above the sea of dw Al- 

she owes to the high Alps, which se- lowing, amongst many other placcib 

parate her from Italy, a severe tempe- stated in a table at the close of Ui 

rature ; the warm winds of noon are work : viz. 

considerably cooled by traversing the The Aar of Berne snd City 1708 

atmosphere which surrounds the Alps, The Monaitenr of St. Gothiird....<MM 

carpeted with glaciers and perpetual The Leke of Zurich It79 

snows;— on the other side, the North The Village of Simplon 4M9 

winds freely penetrate into Switzer- The fore^ing remarks apply M 

land, and often produce a rigorous cli- Switzerland in general, as af!eeted bf 

mate. In this country we may ob- the mountains, which cross it— bw 

serve very ^reat variations of heat and in each of the Cantons, these efieeH 

cold, esp!ecially in the straight vallies, are more or less felt, according at li* 

where the heats of summer and the tuation has fixed their stations, capitd! 

colds of winter attain an excessive in- cities, and suburbs; and many of tnem 

tensity : it is not rare to see vines ex- beinj^ sheltered from the disasters abo^ 

posed to the sun of noon, flourishing described, enjoy abundance from cnl- 

tivatioD, 



Oil ik^ AfoMMlaiM of Smiturland. 1 17 

;, » delightful Tariety of pietii- altitudes have not been entireW ascer- 

loenerf not to be equalled else- taincd. In the interval whicn acpa* 

and a temperate atmosphere rates them, there are ^'allies, whose 

ghres jov and peace, and to erery number and intricacy form the Can- 

ce of industry beauty and plenty ! ton into a labyrinth. The whole coun- 

y of the mountains are them- try presents mountains so pointed, 

remarkable either for produc- and so many precipices, that in some 

if the vegetable and mineral commons, it is said, the mothers, when 

mt, for the passes, which have they are obliged to leave their little 

altivated, or the beautiful views children to attend their labour in the 

all may enjoy who are capable field, tie them by a long cord, lest by 

bing to the summits; but none runnins away too far, during their ab- 

e belong to the highest moon- sence, Uiey should fall from the height 

rhere the excessive cold excludes of the rocKs. 

ind of vegetation. In less than The country of the GmoriM is less 

ir the ^otre Dame des Neiges, visited, but is more worthy of the no- 

mmmit of Rigi, in the Canton tice of travellers. Nature there pre- 

vitz, presents the most beautiful sents the most striking contrasts of 

I all Switzerland, and surpass- culture and desolation, of immense 

fiy other view in Europe ; the seas of ice separating the highest sum- 

ivourable lime is about half an mits; and what is most aumirable of 

jireceding sun -rise, before the all the glaciers of the Alps, that of 

and vapours of the morning Bemina, whose ice is several hundred 

icendcd mto the air : the tern- toises in thickness, and which extends 

e is then serene, and an im- nine leagues between the Valteline, 

picture, infinitely diversified, the valley of Bergell, and Engudinc. 
ucd to the astonished specta- Tlie highest mountains of this Can- 

•Ronberg, which is separated ton, especially those which hound it 

ligi by the little valley ot Low- to the North, to the East, and the 

ivell deserves the attention of South, and those which form the vast 

over of the beauties of Nature : mass near the glacier of the Rhine, 

ling of earths and rocks, which are all of primitive nature, and are 

tea on Sept. ti, 1806, after a composedof granite and original calcar. 
lal rain of 24 hours, and which In passing through the Canton of 

I a space of two leagues in Valais we nnd two chains of moun- 

and spread 100 feet in thick- tains which encircle the great valley 
rer a league in breadth, of dc- of the Rhone, and separate it from 
I, covering and overwhelming Italy and the Canton ot Berne, form- 
at beautiful and fertile vales of ing a double wall of great magnitude, 
anton, destroyed 4H4 persons, charged with enormous glaciers, and 
itde, 9 churches, 1 1 1 houses, bounded by deen vallics ; there is no 
> stables, in one terrible and entrance into Valais except by the pass 
moment! the compassion and of St. Maurice, and this is so narrow, 

of the nation manifested their that the Rhone scarcely finds its way 

eristic merit on this dre:idful vi- between the rocky partition of the 

I ; for, in a few months, a contri- Deni de Morclc and the Dent du Midi, 

of ] 20,000 livres of Switzer- &c. Naturalists observe in the moun- 

rere collected and distributed tains of the Valais, a vast variety of 

the remaining victims of this beds, of forms, of inclinations, of rents, 

', in proportion to the losses and fellings; they are all primitives, 

they had sustained ! with the exception of a small portion 

Canton of the Grisons affords of the Northern chain, which is com- 

and numerous examples of the posed of calcareous stones, bedded upon 

tions already given — its hifi^h- schistus. Gypsum shews itselfthe whole 

pontains extend from St. Go- length of the valley of the Rhone on 

ID the sources of the Lower both banks of the river. The Grimsei, 

and the lun, thence North- the Gemmi, and Great St. Bernard, 
id to the Tyrol ; from this prin- stand foremost in this Canton, and ne- 
sbain. it separates others which ver have failed to awaken the astonish- 
on all sides, many of which ment of scientific travellers. 
tpetual snnws, nnd rise to 10 or The ridges of the Simp Ion are eViax^e^ 
Mi above iht sea; but ihieir with six glaciers •, the ma^tu^cewx. 

load 



118 On Ui€ Meaning of the Cheruhie Emblems. [Aif, 

road which traverses this moniitain, tht other wall, mkI thtlf wiogi taoAad on 

deserves notice as one of the most sur- •notliar iu the midtt of the house." 
prising monnmcnls of modern art ; its These therefore were different fim 

construction cost more than 25 mil- the Cherubims constructed by Mom,- 

lions of French francs — it affords very which were of solid gold, rising out of 

diversified prospects — and an easy {las- each end of the mercy-seat-^bcy Yrtn 

sage over the Alps. of a much larger size, and of c^in 

But it is time to close these remarks wood. Tiius, in the most holy pbei 
— every one who reflects with due ac- of Solomon, there were four Cneni- 
knowlcdgmcnt upon these stupendous bims. The two constructed byMosa 
works of Nature, cannot but quit them formed part of the mercy-seat, and 
with reluctance; they awaken every were inscjmrable from it; those of So- 
sense oi the grandeur of their various lomon spread their wings over it, and 
combinations, the vast extent of their seem added for the greater glory ind 
products, as well primitive as recent — ornament of God's house, 
magnificent as sublime ! they bear the The next passaee is the prophet Eie* 
marks of what the world was, l>efore kiel, 1st chap, wherein the four Che- 
chaos was commanded into order, and rubic figures are described as having 
what was her condition after the de- each the face of a man and a lion oa 
luge had subsided, and what she is the right side, and the face of an n 
capable of enduring for ages yet to and an eagle on the lefl side. Thdr 
come. A. H. wings arc stretched upward, and thcf ■ 

^ went every one straignt forwait!, and 

Mr. Urban*, July 6, they turned not when they went— 

VARIOUS engagements have with- their appearance were like bnraii^ 

drawn my mind from the pledge coals ot lire — and os a flash of Ug^t- 

1 made in a former communication ning — and behold a wheel by the lir- 

(vol. xcii. ii. 121) of entering into ing creatures upon the earth— as for 

the meaning of the Cherubic Em- their rings they were so high that they 

blems, and their association in prints were dreadful. Then follows the ihioue 

with the four Evangelists. The pro- of God, his glory, and his covenantor 

niise made, I now redeem. jL. grace, typified by the rainbow. 

The exact pumllel appearance is de- 

The first mention of the Cherubim scribed in the 4th chapter of the Re- 
is in Exodus xxv. v. 18, IQ: velations, wherein the four bcasU (im- 

" And thou shalt mftko two Cherubims pro|>erly so translated) are the idenli- 

of gold, of beaten work shalt thou niako cal s^nil)ols of Cherubims, described 

them, iu the two ends of the mercy-scat. by Ezekiel, having the parts of the 

** Aud make one Cherub on the one end, lion, the calf, the man, and the eagle, 

and the otlier Cherub ou tlic other end: The divine hymn ihey sing in the 8th 

even of the mercy seat sliall ye make the verse is the same as the inspired Isaiah 

Cherubims on the two ends thereof. hcami, when, wrapt in prophetic vision, 

«; And the Cherubims shaU stretch forth h^ ^^^ ^1,^ |^ of ^\^^ Lo^ ft|| ^ 
Uicir Wings on high, covering the mercy- ^^ . ^^j ^^J^^ ^^^ Seraphim de- 
seat with their wings and the^fi^^^^ ^1^,^^ his praise : and the sevin minis- 
look one to anotlier ; toward the mercy-seat ^ . .* . .. ^, ,. ., 
shall the faces of the Cherubim l,e. And termg spirits, these Cherubic emblems, 
thou Shalt put the mercy-seat above upon ^^^ ^^^^ ^0"^ and twenty elders and 
the ark." angels, are thus represented encirchnc 

« And there I will mccti^ with thee, and I the throne, which is magnificently an^ 

will commune with thee from shove the sublimely described, a splendid exhi- 

uMrcy-seat, from between the two Clieru- bition of the Deiiy, wherein his inef* 

hims." fable majesty is shadowed forth by sen- 

The second passage is in the Cth s'ble and earthly images : by carefiilly 

chapter of the Ist book of Kings, 23d examining these passages, as the an- • 

verse- ^cls, the ministering spirits, are dis- 

" And within the Oracle he (Solomon) jinctly classed, it is im|iossible to view 

made two Cherubims of olive tree, each 10 ^^e Cherubic emblems as partaking of 

cubiu high....And he set the Cherubims either of those existences. What part 

within the inner house : and tlicy stretched they l)ore in this heavenly scene we 

forth the wings of tlic Cherubims, so that will now proceed to inquire. 
tJje wjc^ of Uio one touched the one wall. The only comment in the edition of 

Mttd the wiag of die other Chci ub touched the B'vbVc V>^ ^iaxiV ^V!u\ \>Q^W^ U m- 



On ih€ Meaning of the Cherubic Emblems. 



119 



symbols to tht angelic 
r six wings, denoting ttieir 
uliness to propagate the Gos- 
the number of their eyes de- 
Hrisdom and foresight. Thus 
3ddridge, in his Expository 
sage, considers them as hie- 
otthe angelic nature. The 
the lion, signifying the cou- 
igour with which they exe* 
immands of God ; the ox, 
ess and patience ; the man, 
of clearness, of intelligence, 
ii of reason ; the ea^le, the 
I incomparable velocity with 
e celestial spirits execute the 
of God. 

i also another illustration in 
mentator so pleasingly drawn 
these maniiestations, that 1 
; will be deserving of inser- 
«e animals turned not when 
signifying that nothing di- 
1 from fultilling God*s com« 
I. Their wings wcrestretch- 
, to shew their readiness to 
I will. The wheel in the 
I wheel, as two circles in a 
tting each other at right 
ignify the stability and uni- 
their motion, and the suh- 
f one part of Providence to 
'*Thcy returned not when 
" to signify that Providence 
ng in vain, but always ac- 
its end. The height of 
iy signifies the vast compass 
icc. Their rings being full 
It all the motions of Provi- 
directed by a consummate 
d foresight. 

they stoiKi they let down 
>/' or put themselves in a 
hearkening to God's voice, 
g to receive his connnands. 
earance of the bow in the 
;onies an evident rcpresen- 
eWord that was to be made 
« incarnation is the founda- 
id's covenant of mercy with 
Another illustration is the 
and few expositions can* 
lily enter into the spiritual 
rby the subject also is open- 
apprehension. From the 
tne Revelation we learn 
; Cherubic symbols were; 
hieroglyphics, or emblems 
believers in Christ in com- 
oth dispensations, le^nl and 
— bein^ muth: of f^uhJ, may 
ir cxcclhncy, worth, and 



ralne — they were not cast in a mould, 
but were made of the same mass of 
gold with the mercy-seat, and wroaght 
up into this form, which may denote 
the union of believers to Christ i being 
in the same mass may signify their de- 
pendance on him, tneir partaking of 
the same gifts and sraccs m the mea- 
sure voachsafed by him.— Such are the 
various applications made by the most 
esteemed Commentators, ofthese mys- 
tic holy figures in a spiritual sense. 
And having in his last passage open- 
ed the idea that these Cherobic fi- 
inires were emblems of " the true be- 
lievers in Christ in common," I will 
bring the passages together from the 
elaborate pages of Faber and Dr. 
Flale's Chronology, which deduce this 
manifestation from the first existence 
of our representation in Paradise, and 
continue it to the consummation of 
earthly things, as shewn forth in the 
visions of bt. John. We are told by 
the Sacred Historian, that when the 
first pair were expelled from Paradise, 
God placed on the Eastern side of the 
garden. Cherubim, to preserve the way 
to the tree of life : Moses specifies not 
the form of these beings ; but it ap- 
pears that the Israelites were well ac- 
quainted with them ; for, when ordered 
to make the Cherubim of the Taber- 
nacle, they apparently were executed 
without any directions being sought 
for or delivered, and this, no doubt, 
from their shapes being well known : 
and Ezekicl describes minutely their 
figure, as having wings, and being 
compounded of a man, a bull, a lion, 
and an eagle. The form of the ox pre- 
dominated, from his description of 
their form and feet, and hence some 
have inferred that the word Cherub 
does properly denote an ox. Under the 
I^vitical economy, which embodied 
the leading features of ancient Patri- 
archism, adapting them to the pecu- 
liar circumstances of the Israelites, the 
Cherubic symbols . were placed in the 
adytum of the Tabernacle, and after- 
wards in the correspondrng sanctuary 
of the Temple ; they were clearly re- 
ligious hieroglyphics, and whatever was 
their import under the Law, unques- 
tionably they were the same in primi- 
tive Patriarchism ; and this will the 
stronger appear if we attend to the re- 
markable language employed by Moses 
in describing the Parad\s;\ic't\\ CV\^ivk- 
bim. Out translation \m\Kttiic\\^ '«^'^'** 
liiat "Gml placed the CWiuVAm East- 
ward 



190 Omthe Meaning of the Cherubic Embleme, 

ufard ^ ike garden t but the force of the spiritual paradise, unless 

the orig;inal Hebrew is, that he placed lledeecner recovers for them t 

them in a Tabernacle. Moses also tells vileges, and opens the way t 

us, that with these " Cherubim placed ness and immortality. Thus 

in a Tabernacle/* there appeared like- first book of Scripture repm 

wise, what our translators render, " a children of Adam shut out i 

iiaroing sword," which turned every tree of life, so the last bool 

way,'* but which is apprehended to triumphant visions of St. Jd 

mean, " a bright blaze qf bickering bits tnem as having free accc 

flame'* Now an exactly similar maui- same mystic plant through th* 

festation of glory was visible between and intercession of their gr 

the Cherubim of the Mosaic Taber- priest. But although it thus 

nacle ; it was the Sheckinah, and the Cherubim of niradise am 

intimated the presence of Jehovah ; Tabernacle are the same in in 

and its name Sheckinah is a word of use, it may be necessary to 

the same origin as that by which these symbols with the more 

Moses described the tabernacling of larized forms of the prophet 

the Paradisaical Cherubim. and he furnishes the proof; i 

Thus, then, as the Hebrew Church accurately delineating them, 

in the Wilderness had the Cherubic " I knew that they were Chi 

symbols .placed in a tabernacle, and He was not told m his visi< 

surmounted by a blaze of elory ; so they were, but as Grotius and 

the patriarchal Church at its nrst com- observe, " he knew them/* 

mencement had the very same s^'m- he perceived that their form 

bols, placed in the very same man- cisely that of the Cherubim 

ner, and manifested in tKe same glory; Ark of the Covenant, the i 

and we are irresistibly led to conclude whose symlK>ls were perfec 

that their use and import exactly ac- known by oral communicatioi 

corded under both dispensations : and Mystic Symbols and the Ark 

in this view the I/evitical ordinance nected also with the types o 

will explain what is meant by '* the Noah and his family, as is 

Cherubim and glory placed to keep inferred in our Baptismal serric 

the way of the tree of Life ;'* for the in the appearance of the Lo 

Cherubim, under the Law, were in the Cherubim ; for he is d 

the Holy of Holies, and no one was both in Ezekiel and the Rev 

permitted to enter that peculiarly sa- in the Law and the Gospel, 

cred place but the High Priest, and in a brilliant rainbow, the v 

he only once in the year. We are of peace and favour which h 

further told by the Great Apostle of safcd to Nuah ; and as the / 

the Gentiles, ttiat the High Priest was the Deluge rested on the brin 

a type of the Messiah, and that his retiring ocean, so a brazen se 

annual entrance into the Holy of Ho- tuted |)art of the furniture of I 

lies, at all other times interdicted, re- pic : and in plain allusion to 

presented the entrance of Christ into of glass, reseniblins crystal 

Heaven. The language of Scripture scribed in the Aiioc^ypse, as 

infers, that Paradise itself was a type right before the Throne of Goi 

of Heaven ; and consequently since midst of which are placed 1 

the Sacred Adytum was also a type rubic animals and the Ark. T 

of Heaven, we may be assured that pound figures of the Cherub 

the exclusion of the whole people at are plainly symbols ; what th< 

large from the Holy of Holies, sha- scntcd, if we view the Noeti 

dowod out the exclusion of our first preserved in the ark, as a ty] 

parents and their posterity from that whole body of the faithful, 

pihradise of which it was a symbol ; strongly corroborated by Scrip 

that the same blaze of glory interdicted St. John they are said, in i 

the same approach in both cases : and tion with the twent}'-four E 

Moses elnciclates the Paradisaical Che- fall down before the Lamb, 

rubim by the Lcvitical Ordinance, acknowledge themselves rede 

and is himself explained by St. Paul : God by his bloo<I, out of ev<e 

namely, that mankind can have no red, and tongue, and people^ 

acce$3 to the forfeited tree of life, but tion ; and wno are the ners 

atust for ever ren\d\n excluded from VileTaWy redeemtd V>^ \Xi!t \q»V»q 



Ittl] Om ihg Meaning of Cherubic Emblem. ISl 

Linb out of all the triba of the earth } priests, or heads of the four-and-twenty 

Qeirly ike Ufhole family of the Jmih' courses tn the Jewitk Church. 
^; and as the cherubic animals, and The quotations thus collected toffc- 

ibe tventv-four elders profess ihem- ther from our late Church Bible, 1^ 

Mka to have been thus redeemed : Mant and D'Oyley, from Doddridse, 

fSmrfore they must be typei of the Faber, and Hales, carry this conside- 

Et tody qf the faithful. And as ration onward to a considerable len^h ; 
great body is also typified by the but the subject is not one of slight im- 
cight members of Noah's family, float- portance ; if the results of their argu- 
ing npon the waves of the deluge in ments are correct, it devolves a conti- 
thiark ; io also the eight facet of the nuity of symbol and type, from the pa- 
Cherablm surmounting the ark of the radise of our first parents, to the last 
omunt, are a type of the very same concluding scene of the divine eco- 
JBport, and each alike represent tlie nomy; it demonstrates a patriarchal 
whole body of the faithful, floating dispensation, and a divine appearance 
■My, under the care of their Divine among them ; it shews how, in the 
Fibty in the figurative ark of the very earliest ages, " God did not leave 
GhDTch. himself without witness i** here was 
With this conclusion respecting the the tabernacle and shakinah, from 
Chembim, agrees a very remarkable which Cain for murder was driven 
fange in the Apocaly^ise, the pro- out; and as Paganism by almost all 

Ence of which is lost in our trans- conclusive writers on the subject, lias 

m. It is said of the Saints, ac- been considered to have drawn most 

oidiiig to our translation, that they of its rites and ceremonies from the 

mt before the throne of God, and that divine ordinances, and subtilely copied 

he who sitteth on the throne shall much of its external forms, tjius we 

Ml among them : but in the origi- might draw out to great lengdi the coii^ 

adi Greek it is said, that he who sit- ybrfiit<yof the leading Aierog/ypAiciym* 

klh on the throne shall dwell as in a holt of animal worship throughout the 

Idtrnacle above them. Thus the^ very Pagan world, to those mystic primiiive 

lUDe place before God*s throne is as- representations : we trace in the Leviti- 

cribea to the cherubic animals upon cal law, in the prophetic vision of £ze* 

(he ark, which is here ascribed to the kiel, as well as of tne Christian Church 

aints; and Jehovah is said to taber- vouchsafed to St John, the same course 

axle above each qf them. Whence of mysterious personifications ; leading 

the plsin inference is, agreeably to the from the very beginning of times, to 

acbiowledgment of the Cherubic Sym- the Great Redeemer, who alone by his 

bob, that they arc redeemed out of all intercession and grace could make the 

utions by the blood of the Lamb, that desired access free to all who come to 

the Cherubim are to be viewed as hie- eternal life through him. These com- 

TORlyphics of the whole body of the pound emblems of the Ox, the Lion, 

faithful, secure within the arK of the the Man, and the Eagle, being then 

Church : thus further Dr. H<ales, in his the chosen types under the patriarchal 

valuable Chronology, vol. II. p. 1300, dispensation, also in the Mosaie Law, 

ayi, "the four nvins creatures are ana in the Christian Church, of " the 

Hpposed by the Hutchinsonian niys- whole body of the faithful;'* and the 

ties to denote the Godhead, by other Gospel itself, whereby the body of the 

Commentators Archangels, or the prin- faithful is formed, beine the written 

cipal powers of heaven ; both incor- testimony of the Evangelists Matthew, 

reedy, for why should the Deity praise Mark, Luke, and John ; it appean 

hionelf? and the)' are distinguished most reasonable and natural to oon- 

from ansels afterwards in verse 11. — dude, that these spiritual symbols, an- 

and further are said, to he redeemed swerin^ in number and character to 

themselves by the blood of the Lamb, their high and important office, should 

—they rather indeed represent the have been early appropriated to thta> 

whole congregation of the faithful in to denote their intimate association 

the four quarters of the work), or the and coincidence together. In what 

Catholic Church, who daily offer up period of the Church this may have 

thanksgiving and praise to God : the arisen, it does not appear easy to trace, 

feur-and-twenty elaers represented the but assuredly few subjects would a^- 

priesthood correspoivding to the chief par more accortbnt to ' vVv« (cx\\tv^\ 
(»sxr.MAa,jfypa/, 1893. 'At^ 



122 



The Censor^ No. XVL—Sir Skmutl Luke. 



[Aa|. 



and taste of the Fathers of the first 
ages of Christianity of the Alexandrian 
school, and few results of their acute 
and allegorizin;; turn would he receiv- 
ed more cordially and universally among 
their disciples. Clemens Alexandri- 
nus, and Ori^n, are both writers ex- 
tremely probaole to have adopted these 
symbols, and in doing so, ihey will 
merely have referred to the four great 
Evangelists, those chosen emblems, 
whicn the Spirit of Truth has deigned 
to point out as fit tv'pes of all, who, 
coining unto his Gosuel, are made 
parts oT his universal Cnurch. 

THE CENSOR.— No. XVI. 

Memoin of Sir Samuel Luke^ Knt. 

fCmielitdedfnm p. 98. J 

FROM various notices in the Di- 
urnals, we learn that remittances 
to the garrison were irregular, in pro- 
portion to the demand. Complaints 
were made in July that the establish- 
ment was in great want of men and 
money, thrnufjh the neglect of the as- 
sociated counties ; supplies were grant- 
ed, and several vigorous movements 
undertaken in consequence, under 
Lydcot and Ennis. Ennis broke 
into Oxfordshire, and routed various 
l>arties at Islip, Bicester, and Kidling- 
ton : Andrcwes distinguished himself 
at Frinkford, in Oxfordshire, and at 
Shirburne, near Warwick: but Lyd- 
cot was defeateil and slain at Abthorp, 
by the young F^arl of Northampton 
and his three brothers, who fought 
with great courage. During these 
transactions we hear nothing of Sir 
Samuel, who was preparing to resign 
his post, pursuant to the Self-denying 
Orainance, The townsmen petitioned 
that Cockayne, of Halley, might suc- 
ceed htm, f)ut, on the Kmg's advance, 
requested his continuance, and his 
term was accordingly prolonged. The 
following letters, written on this oc- 
casion, arc preserved by Rushworth, 
without noticing, however, to whom 
they were addressed : 

1. "Gentlemen, 
**The enemy lies this night at Harl-O' 
rough, and all intelligence being they in- 



tend for tliis town, how ill va an pffwiM 
vou connot but know ; our borit and bm 
beine commanded away, and we* not n 
hundred foot left in the town, I desire yw 
as you tender either your own, or our gooJi 
tu haste hither what men you can, tor «• 
have need of two thousand men to man thai 
works ; they are so large, and at this timait 
indefensible. This u aU at present en be 
assured you from 
" June 5, 1 645. Your's to tcm yoa« 
« 6 o'clock in the morning. Sam. LDKa.** 

«. •*« Sir, 

« This Messenger will assure yoa tbi 
hii Mijetty is at Harborough, and Us nsidl 
is intended either for Nhrthamptm^ or dib 
place, as the report goeth : thembra I te- 
■eech you let the foot belonging to this g»- 
rlson be sent home with all speed* tad if yM 
can spare us any mace, they will be most le- 
cepuble, fur we shall want above athiM- 
sand men to man our works in any reaaoBsUe 
manner. We want all proviaiona* and if «• 
escape a storm, we cannot hold out loBgt 
therefore desire you to consider him who ii 

" Your's in ail serviceable recpcels eear 
mandable, SiiM. UlU. 

"This Sth of June, 1645, 4 o'doekh 
the morning. 

" I beseech you. Sir, let the Gfomlk 
acquainted with our condition." 

On June 7 Fairfax arrived at Ne#- 
port, and rested at Sherineton, whoM 
he disfKitched letters to both HouMf 
requesting the assistance of CromwdL 
The battle of Naseby foUowed. vA 
Sir Samuel, with his usual vigihm 
scoured the country in search of fqn-. 
tives, whom he forwarded to LonM 
on the l6th. ^His prolonged com- 
mission expired on the 30th» and ate 
some discussion D'Oylev, Life-jjuid 
to Fairfax, a native of TunriUc m tht 
county, was appointed, and an adv 
passed for re-modelling the jprritoik , 

Having retired from active tenr^. 
Luke applied for his arrears, which ate 
some delay were granted, Januaiy lip. 
l(>47-8, amounting to 4000/. to to 
paid out of such forfeited estates as ha. 
should name ' : and although his pu9 
was declining, he had still inieiCK 
enough to be appointed, with his &• 
ther, a Commissioner of the Standiqg* 
Army-Ordinance. He is supposed 10 
have led a retired life at Copie, when 
he was suddenly arrested, in Augyst, 



1 Conf. Iludibras, I. ii. 985. 

<* You are, great Sir, 
" A self-denying Conqueror." 
% Perfect Occurrences, Jan. 15. Ho would uf course select those In his own migh* 
bourhood; and probably was not unmindful of Sir Lewis Dives. 

<upOD 



The Censor, No. XVL—Sir Samuel Luke. 



123 



ome Id formation/ and carried 
airfbx at Colnbrook, but spec- 
missed'. In the following 
; was under consideration to 
e him at Newjiort, that he 
bfend or awe the associated 
p on the seizure of Pontefract 
gallant Morris, but without 
ig being done^. C^autious as 
ivioDf appears to have been, 
eonsiderod dangerous l)y the 
xndancy, and secluded with 
sther members, December 6, 
lined his liberty on the IQth 
ifder of Parliament, and was 
iTth unnoticed, his name^not 
mrring (in l650) in the list of 
Magistrates. An Address was 
d by the County (Oct. 28, 
B the Protector Richard, of 
ire have only an abridged re- 
Powell A, as follows : 

Jmiicefl of the Peace, GentlemcD, 
\t Freeholders, and Inhabitants of 
itT of Bedford, address to Ricliard 
if wherein they Bay, — Thi-y are very 
ii the great breach the Lord liad 
■ these nations, in the death of 
kii CouDtrey's) renowned Father ; 
cannot but much acknowledge the 
of God, who hath in a great mca- 
torad their fears, and turned their 
I into joy, by his Higlmess' hap- 
wncefiif entrance into the Govern- 
ihase nations, to the astonishment 
enemies, and satisfaction of the 

thereof, which they hope is an 
i fotore mercy, and that God will 
to carry on his work in this gene- 
nd make his mountun to stand 
and they pray him to continue to 
Ui religious iather in being an ex- 
r pie^ and true holiness to these 
and tnat he would prefer to places 

and authority, ahic men, fearing 
d of known integrity, and that so 
fc and righieousncbs may run down 
s like a mip^hty river ; and say they 



have thoaght it their duty to give a publick 
testimony of their hearty slreetiona and 
readinesa'in their several capacities to tlie ut- 
most of their powers,, chearfnily and faith- 
fully to assist and serve him in the main- 
tenance of the laws and liberties of these 



nations. 



» 



The signatures appended to this 

t)rccious docuuicnt are not preserved, 
)ut we may ho|>e that Sir Samuel was 
more consistent. That he did not co- 
incide with the Iioia is evident from 
the |)olitical canto, where no mention 
is made of Hudibras. 

When the Militia was rc-modellcd, 
previous to the Restoration, his merit 
was too conspicuous to be overlooked 
by the Council, who gave him a co- 
lonelcy of foot, with a captaincy of 
horse, and inserted the name oi his 
son, Oliver, in the commission of as- 
sessment <. On the summoning a new 
Parliament he was again returned for 
, Bedford, and his name occurs in se*- 
veral committees^. At its close he re- 
tired from public life, but his last yean 
must have been embittered by the sa- 
tire in which he makes so conspicuous 
a figure. An obscure poet suddenly 
came u|Jon the stage, like a reinforce- 
ment at the end of a battle, with vic- 
tory at his disix»al : in his immortal 
pro<Iuction, the Opposition were de- 
scribed in two characters, each the re- 
presentative of a party, under the names 
of Hudibras and lialpho, similar to the 
univocai portraits of Swift and Aristo- 
phanes'. Tocomplete the resemblance, 
it was necessary to intnxhice some noted 
individual, as the songs in the Beggars* 
0/>£Ta have derived their attraction from 
being set to favourite tunes } he select- 
ed therefore some peculiarities in the 
person, and incidents in the life, of Sir 
Samuel Luke, at the same time re- 
moving every doubt by marking his 
name unequivocally^. Of the other 



e of the Chroniclers have ventured to assign a reason for this treatment, and cou- 
wy be allowed in their silenoo. On July 20, tlie King arrived at Wobum ; still 
the shadow of a court, and from thence was successively removed to Latimers, 
, and Stoke-Pogcs. Insurrections seem to have been apprehended, and Sir 
I moderation may have subjected him to the jealousy of the Army, to whose views 
otorlously averse. 
X. Praginaticui, No. 47. 

; ofplaccs were Richard was proclaimed, &c. 4to. 
re. Publictts, p. 9a7. Public Intelligencer, p. 1 155. 
mala of the H. of C. ad annum. 
ford. Hist, of Greece, c. xvi. s. vi. 
libtas, I. 1. 903. 

" *Tis sung, there is a valiant Mameluke, 

In foreign land, y*clep'd [Sir Satmel Luke'\, 
■m is thus %uppyied h/ the nriten of the Genenl Historical BictMnarf, no\. n\. ^. 
«//V« Ore/, An unMuthrnticaUd atory pre^-ails, tliat Bullet onc« Vwv^ w vVw* 

««t\\!cn 



If4 



7%« Cmm, No. XVJ^Sir Semwd iMke. 



V^ 



di^ncten there ii do information that 
can be rdicd on^ and the unimport- 
ance of the majoritj almoit amounts 
to a proof, that they were fictitious. 
The Hero of * Hudibras * lired to eee 
the second canto, and dying in Au- 

gusty 1670, was buried at Cople on 
le 30th. The family became extinct 
in his grandson Greorge, who is com- 
memorated on the pavement of tiie Pa- 
rish Churchy as *Thb last Luke of 
WooD-EiiD.* 

Such are the principal features in 
the history of Sir Samuel : the pam- 

Ehlets of his time contain many particu- 
in omitted in these memorials, but 
which will neither please nor inform. 
The Diurnals, copious in notice, and 
barren in detail, are often too trifling 
to engage attention, or too inconsist- 
cat to aesenre it. A few words may 
hs added on the character of the 
Knight :— During the war, before his 
opprobrious title was contemplated, 
we find him alternately praised and 
abused: Birkenhead calls him ' hor^ 
fible Sir Samuei, and elsewhere de- 
scribes him as one who abhorred any 
thing comebf *" 1 Cleveland is merry on 
his aiminutive stature I *, and Necdnam 
designates him as a scare-crow ^*. Yet 
this writer could use different language, 
and even ^ze his defects, when en- 
gaj^ed on another side ! ' I cannot let 
uiis noble commander passe (he says), 
without a just ceremony to his valour 
and activity, who watches the enemy 



io indnstrtonslT, that ^Satf eat, iki^ 
drink not, wnisper not, but he oa 
give us an account of their darkfll 
proceedings': and in another pbceha 
terms him ' one that is as iaU in ac- 
tivity, coura^, and resolution, as aagf 
commander m all our armies *'•' F» 
tunately we can appeal to better au- 
thority, — before the Restoration, tiw 
royalist writers, in several tracts ^, ci- 
posed the dishonesty of many of tht 
rebels, and imputed an undue acmii- 
sition of wealth to all. Sir Samacl is 
not omitted, but no sum is specified, 
and nothing appears against him, bm 
the military ap|3ointments he held ia 
the war, and resigned as already sul 
Walker observes that the estate'of ths 
family was decayed, and thus nninlCB- 
tionally confirms their intejipiij. 

We deem the evidence incorponkd 
with the text and notes sufficient fcr 
our hyuothesis, that Sir Samod n- 
semblea Hudibras, as one of the five 
Crotoniat virgins the Venus of Zcasib 
This being allowed, we learn fiiMl 
Butler's description, that he was a 
theologian, a linguist, and a logiciaB; 
in short, that he was versed in the (^ 
shionable literature of the day. Ite 
publisher of Butler's ' Spurious R^ 
mains' ascribes to him a poiitierf 
tract *^; sfjecimcns of his correspond- 
ence arc prcsen'cd in various cabiaetS{ 
and exclusive of his connection wi^ 
poetry, he seems entitled to a corner Ia 
British Biography. 



•anrioe of Sir Samuel Luke, and hae increued with a lucceeeion of writcn, lika a 
ball of snow. Wood aad Aubrey, who both had access to tredible iDfoimatioB, » m- 
thiD^ about it, and it first ooenrs in aa aaooymous lift prefixed to hb Poem. Tovaahf^ 
in his Memoir, insinuates that he behaved with ingratitude : * il me aemUa im'il- mk 
^wignt r la chevalier Luke, ton bien&teur, que la gratitude et la rftftmnittimco aomhaa 
dA mettre k convert contre les traits de la Satire de notre autenr.' Bat for the diMH iff 
misrepresentation we are indebted to the Ediuburgh Review (Ait. Hogg's Jacobite Helii^ 
in which the critic roundly asserts that Butler < lived in the &mily, supported fay ttr 
bounty of Sir Samuel Luke, one of Cromwell's captains, at the very timene planned' Uv 
Htidiiras, of which he was pleased to make his kind friend aad hospitable patron die hsM 
Now (he continues) wo defy the history of Whtggism to match this anecdote, or to nrodana 
so choice a specimeu of the human nettle.' One of that accurate body lately acCTiwil tfa 
Tories of falsifying English History in the case of Uw B«tfiXi«t», not awai« that VifffVkais 
were eoually scrupulous with regard to Biography. Conf. Retrosp. Rev. ii. 999, 

*o Merc. Aul. jjassim. 

" Conf. Dr. Grev, P. I. i. 411. 

*' Merc. Prag. No. 4. 

19 Mere. Brit. 218, 973. 

H The Mystery of the Good Old Cause, Tables in Walker's Hist, of Independeaey, fift 
which maybe paralleled by the " Peep at the Peers," I8«l, an excellent specimen d 
such accusations. 

» This tract, entitled < A Coffin for the Good Old Cause,' may have been the prAdoe- 
tion of some cashiered Presbyterian. Addressing the House of Commons, he says, << thai 
your Army is unsettled, is most certain ; neither can the course you take settle it, but diip 
compose it every minute ; fur you fill it with strange fibres, which will make as straagi 

eifecli. 



1883.3 BinUfar the Jmelioratlon of Jfriea. Itt 

Mr. Ubbam, Llmf^s^ JvUf 17* We htre reptttedlj had to regret 

It we were ''to strike a balance'* the loss of indmduals in tiieir ai- 

(10 use a phrase appropriate to this tempts to inyestigate this part of 

phoe) between Europe and Africa^ af- Africa, although strength of constitu- 

ler stating the account fairly between tion, fervour of mind, and a well* 

then, the former would appear a regulated animal system, have all met 

dicsdful debtor to the latter ; and in the same persons, to forward their 

when the mind reflects on the mild views, and to establish their endea- 

sad amiable principles of Christianity, vours. 

it b astonishing that such a dreadful Africa, even ader all this, ought not 

account exists. • to be given up ; because it affords, as I 

Ttie efforts that have been made to have before stated *, the means of 

do away this branch of commerce, so great advantages to our country. The 

diabolical in itself, seems not to have Cape cannot be too attentively settled ; 

been accomplished, not even mode- it is "the half-way house to India." 

Bled ; our country, «s " acting port- The Southern coast of the Mediterra- 

aers" in the concern, seems, now- nean cannot be too scrupaJousIy 

ever, to have got rid of the odium thought on % it opens a view for t^e 

and the crime; but we have every Antiauary, the Historian, and the 

proof of the other partners carrying it Mercnant ; and it must be by pursu- 

00 with increasing vigour and energy, ing the object through these channels, 

Africa, the humblest portion of the that the ameiioratiou and relief of its 
globe, remains a monument of punish- poor, injured, and insulted natives can 
ment to itself, and of guilt to Europe oe accomplished, 
and Asia, and it seems that the steps If, as I have before hinted*, well- 
hitherto uken by the philanthropist, digested plans were laid, hopes might 
inilDenced by the mild spirit of our be entertained of much being done, 
Relinon, have as yet accomplished grounded not on the warm paroxysms 
but Tittle : the places chosen lor the of the present day, but on reason and 
oiablishment of settlements seem to prudence. From the present changes 
&I1 short of the high expectations of time, and their effects on various 
which animated the nrst subscribers, countries, with respect to commerce, 
and friends towards the amiable views we ought not to behehind in consolt- 
tfacy so ardently entertained, of accom- ins the good of our own country, 
^iioing their feelings and desires. which abounds in large capitalists. 

Recent accounts from those settle* the employment of whose means, 
ments seem to prove, by the many judiciously conducted, would perhaps 
deaths mentioned, that, to Europeans, be more for their own beneBt, and 
its situation cannot be desirable or that of their country, than becoming 
permanent ; our men of war on the bankers to foreign btates. 
station along its Western shores have I have also before suggested * the pro- 
cver found it sickly, and I presume babiliiy of tracing witn more ease the 
there cannot be a more disagreeable knowledge sought after, of the inter- 
duty than to be ordered upon it, with nal state and situation of this vast 
the additional instructions respecting Continent; to know which perfectly 
the Slave Trade. would tend ultimately more to our hc- 

The central parts of Africa seem so ncfit than that of a North-west passa^je, 

mimical to European constitutions, which at best is but scientific in its 

that little hopes can be entertained of views ; but a growing and an increas- 

any thing like permanency or increase ing knowledge of Africa is not only 

to such establishments wiuiin the tro- scientific, but in other |X)inUi of view 

picks. highly advantageous, and would tend 



effects. It is true, the heads of reglmenU (yea, aod Captains), that have been capital 
offenders, it is not your prudence to trust ; but for the inferior fry (who ever vet have 
been the fastest friends to your power, and the publick) to be turned out by wholesale, 
without a fair and lecal hearing, it is not for your own honour nor interest. You sec how 
little a Colonel s^rnines, wliere his acquaintance is but green ; soldiers love to lie Irad by 
tbeie they have bled withal?" Spurious Remains, iii. 187. The writer occasionally 
Uunden into eaqoisitc Irony. 

* Set Part i. 501. 



VQ 



iq$ Jfrimu^On County Couth. 

to do away the dreadful balance (epeak- our knowledge in varioOs retp 

ing as a commercial man) which is alreadj noticed. 

due from Europe to Africa. It is by this enlaiMd svsteu 

Permit me» then, to keep up the Ian- that Africa can afibrdf us all thi 

guage of this place, to presume to lav fits of which she is capable, ani 

before your readers, as " arbitrators/* return do her all the good we 

" how the account stands/* and the ameliorating her condition, wl 

best way of closing it, and forming a best feelinfcs of our nature s 

new one. dictate, asthejouly return weci 

Progressive ioumies into the inte- for the evils we have former! 

rior can only be well and safely per- in the habit of inflicting. 

formed by short disUnces at a time. Yours, &c. T. W/i 

and an easy retreat when sickness or ^ 

any other accident prevents its comple- " 

tion. It is not acting like a Monsieur Mr. Urban, j 

Pages, about 6fty years ago, who "YT^OUR Correspondent, wh 

'' trotUd through the deserts of Arabia X servations on County Cou 

on a camel's back," that can give an inserted in your last Number 

improving and advantageous account has mistaken their nature and 

to nenefit by, any more than the ac- lution, or confounded them wi 

counts of the worthy travellers of our of theCourtsofRequesUorCon 

nation who have perished in the at- The practice and proceedingi 

tempt I but the easy journies 1 now County Courts are in e\'ery resp 

advocate, and their renewal by sta- forma&Ie to those of the highei 

tions, occupied from the coast to the of Law in this Country, xh 

interior, through the medium of com- ings are in the same form and 

merce, appears to be the only firm and the issue is determined by 

ground upon which to form our ex- iu the same manner as Pleas, 

pectations. The climate inland with- amount, or for any cause. ^ ' 

in the tropics seems, by a late medical no such thing as the admissio 

writer*, to have produced what has hi- Plainti^s oatn to be contradic 

therto been unaccounted for, the Ne- by the production of the re( 

gro race. He observes, that *' it ap- the payment of the debt. T 

pears probable, from the reliques of maly to the Law of the Lai 

antient art, that the early inhabitants to common sense and equil] 

of E^pt were of tlie Negro race : if only in the Courts of Ccni* 

then, the Negroes of Africa were ever the existence of which will 

to be civilized, their woolly hair and likelihood, depend upon the c 

deformed features would perhaps, in a Bill now before Parliament, 

long series of years, like those of the introduction of Lord Althorp. 

Egyptians, be changed. On the other It is true, that the expeni 

hand, their present external appear- ProceedinjB;s in the County < 

aiice may possibly be regarded, not disproportioned to the amoan 

only as a sign, but a cause of their action now recoverable therei 

degraded condition, by preventing in in this respect your Corret 

some unknown way tne pro|>er dcvc- shews his ignorance, or his c 

lopement of their mental iacultics ; for of one Jurisdiction for anot 

the African Negroes have in all ages the fees stated by him are 

been slaves." those of a Court of Conscience 

The above quotation may be con- as the costs of an action in th< 

sidered as militating against the idea Court of Yorkshire for one sh 

of settlements being internally formed the parties reside at the verg 

in the centre of Alrica by Eurojieans ; county, will not be taxed at . 

yet it by no means prevents the fulfil- lo/. 

mcnt of what 1 have suggested — the This, however, I/)rd Althc 
forming establishments on the Coast, will effectually remedy, if the 
in places best calculated to improve tare should not consider wl 
and increase our commerce ana our be prudent or just to exclod 
shipping, and to enlarge by that nuans tlicr the benefit (and almost i 

■ — _ of legal assistance, at least in 

• Dr. Wells, p. 438- of the cause. 



18B.] 



Ok Coimiy CourU.—Tour in 1798. 



197 



r. 



[ 



My motive for addiessing you is to 
«rect a gross error, and a mischievous 
■e, whilst a legislative enactment, 
\ nnising so much public advantaee, 
nintzaio. b. 



Mr. Urban, Aug. 8. 

A CORRESPONDENT iu your 
last Number, p. 39, has made 
SOUK observations upon proceedings 
■ the County Court, which are cal- 
eobted to make an erroneous impres- 
MO with respect to that antient tri- 
bnil. I concur with him most fully 
« to the impropriety of a Plantin s 
bong allowed to give evidence in an 
lElioa at his own suit. This is a dan- 
Boos innovation on the Common 
Lnr, and is open to the commission 
of |ieat injustice. But the objection 
amg from this mode of proceeding 
is applicable only to the County Court 
if itiddlesex, to which a power of 
camioing the parties is given by a 
psnicular Act of Parliament. The 
pnetice of the County Courts in other 
places however remains as at the Com- 
aoiiLiw,and the Plaintiff must there 
nbiUDtiate his case altogether by the 
cridencc of witnesses. 

With respect to the mode allowed 
W your Correspondent of recovering 
debts above 40f. by bringing succes- 
live actions for sums under that 
aoMoat, that, if it is any where made 
a practice is clearly an ille^l one } 
Hut though such a proceed mg may 
hare occasionally occurred, I feel as- 
nired that it would not be tolerated 
if knoMu. Indeed there is no occa- 
MOD to have recourse to such an awk- 
ward expedient, since the County 
Court may hold plea in personal ac- 
tions to any amount by virtue of a 
Writ of Justicies. In the Southern 
Counties 1 believe this writ has for 
many years, perhaps centuries, fallen 
into disuse, as has the Countv Court 
iticif, in a great measure. In the 
Northern Counties, however, where 
the Court still retains a share of its 
antient respectability, a great number 
of actions, to n considerable amount, 
are determined in this way, by which 
means the heavier expense attending 
proceedings in the superior Courts, as 
well as a great deal of time, is frc- 
qomtly saved. Tlie Court is so vene- 
rable from its antiquity, and so well 
calculated to answer the end proposed 
by its Great Imtl tutor in bringing juS' 



tice to every man's door, tliat it is mat- 
ter of regret to see it fallen into disuse 
in any part of the country. Perhaps 
in places where it has so long been 
out of use, the utility and existence of 
the Writ of Justicies is unknown, but 
when complaints are making as to the 
adn)inistration of justice, it is surely 
proper to try whether a revival of the 
remedies provided by our ancestors is 
not sufficient to remove at least some 
of the evils complained of, before re- 
course is had to innovation. A plan 
which has been projected of appoint- 
ing standing Commissioners, with sa- 
laries to be paid by the County, would, 
1 know, be lookea upon in those parts 
of the country with which I am more 
particularly acquainted, as a measure 
quite uncalled for, and a most unne- 
cessary addition to county rates, already 
sufficiently heavy, particularly in times 
like the present. Justice is there con- 
sidered to be most impartially admi- 
nistered, and at a reasonable expense 
in the County Court, as at present 
constituted by the Free Suitors, Un- 
der Sheriff, and a respectable Jury. 
From the arbitrary mode of proceed- 
ing in Courts of Conscience, without 
the intervention of a Jury, the unne- 
cessary institution of Courts of that 
description cannot be too strongly de- 
precated. As the subject is one of 
some importance, and is likely to en- 
gage the attention of Parliament in 
tlie ensuing Session, I trust you will 
excuse my requesting a place for these 
observations in a Magazine so distin- 
guished for advocating the cause of tlie 
institutions of antient days. AJos. 

Mr. Urban, Aug. Q. 

INDULGE me by inserting the 
Journal of another excursion in 
179d> by the same respectable Clergy- 
man, wfiose former Tours in 1796 and 
1797, you have already inserted in vols. 
Lxxxvii. ii. p. 305 ; Lxxxix. ii. pp. 
25,111. N. R. S. 

Journal of a Tour in 1798. 

June 25. To Canterbury. In the 
afternoon played half an hour on the 
organ. 

June 26. To London. 

June 27, and 28. Business and St. 
PauPs. 

June 29. To Peterborough. 

June 3t). Refreshed and Y*e\V \n >\vt 
morning. To the Market, nn\\\cVv \* 



19a 

large^ and neat^ with stalls for the 
niurket-people, ai at Salisbury. To 
the Cauiedral: the West front of it 
very magnificent : the intidc neat, but 
small J three windows of painted glass 
at the East end. Oa return, called 
at a Bookseller's in the Nfarkct-place, 
and enquired of hiin after my old ac- 
quaintance Mr. Image ; found that he 
had been dead about seven years. The 
man spoke of him in afTcctiouate 
terms. Afternoon to the Cathedral, 
the Bishop, Dr. Madan, present : the 
chaunt here as at Norwich. 

July 1. To Sleafnrd, dined, and 
went to Church. A neat Gothic 
building without; within very plain, 
with an organ i the service began with 
the hundredth psalm. The Clergyman 
extremely fat, a very Falstafi* in size. 

" And if we may Judge firom the size of his 

calf, [and a half." 

He might weigh about twenty-three stone 

He read well, and delivered a very 
florid sermon. Sat off for Lincoln; 
arrived there soon after six. The situ- 
ation of the Cathedral on the hill and 
city below it, presented a srand view. 
Walked round the Cathedral, which 
is indeed a very magnificent building. 

July 2. To the Cathedral : first saw 
the Roman pavement' which has been 
discovered about five years, and is in- 
deed a great curiosity, as the various 
colourecf stones, cube formed, as dis- 
posed with great art and beauty, and 
regularity, in different yet correspond- 
ing shapes, are in excellent preserva- 
tion. The inside of the Cnurch is 
very fine, abounding with Gothic 
work, with little painted glass. Only 
two beautiful windows at the cross 
ailes, and one at the East end : there 
is an historical picture over the altar, 
which I could not make out, but was 
told it was the Angel releasing Peter 
out of prison. Staicl service. 'Incn to 
the parade. The Regiment, the 34th, 
lately returned from the West Indies, 
thinned by disease, &c. and now nearly 
full of boys, recruits. Then walked 
down the fatiguing hill, through wretch- 
ed, narrow, broken, and ill-paved 
streets, to the bottom street, which is 
large, long, and well naved. After 
dinner walked to the Ncwport-cate, 
and the Mint-wall, both evidently of 
ereat antiquity, and Roman works; 
but the gate seems falling to ruin fast, 
though now perfect. To the Cathedral : 
after service amused myself with play- 



Tour of a Keniiih Divine in 17j98. 



[^ 



ing on the organ. Examined the pi^ 
lure at the altar more closely, and con- 
fess I should not have discovered the hit- 
tory without being informed of itt dn 
Angel has a very effeminate look, 
more like St. Cecilia than an Angd 
from heaven ; the 6gure of Peter is 
indeed l>etter, but not excellent. Afber 
tea, again to examine the old Romao 
wall, and Newport gate, the arch of 
which is indeed extraordinary, con- 
sisting of hewn stone of a very great 
size, unconnected and unsupported br 
any key-stone. The center ol the am 
is very low; but that is visibly ocei- 
sionecl by the earth being raised greatly 
under it, so that it originally was of a 
well-proportioned height From thenos 
to the piarade for half an hour, ani 
then home. 

July 3. Led Lincoln (before lenV 
which, with all the advantage of ilfr 
situation on a hill, descending to tht 
river, is jet a dull and unintereitiiy 
place, witli people passing the itreNi.' 
The Cathedral, mdeed, it an obicctfll ■ 
pleasine ^ndeur i but the Cank^ 
which I visited this morning, has vo^ 
thing in it worth notice, only the lofti- * 
ness of its situation, overlooking thv 
Swan-pool below, and the distant cooik 
try round. Passed through Spittal^ i 
once a large Roman town, now am^ i 



sisting of only one farm-houie, a gact I 
inn, and a low solitary ChapeLF A 
From thence to Glanford-bridge, aoA 1 
dined. This place, which they calU * 
Brigg, is a small, but neat and poM^ ! 
market town, with a good river Ar 
barges. From thence to Barton-new- 
Inn, on the shore of the Hum bo*, and 
arrived about four o'clock. The tonk- 
from Lincoln is perfectly itiaight, mdr. 
raised for more than fourteen mUei/' • 
I must not leave Lincolnshire withonf . -« 
noticing the remarkable beauty of ili '« 
towers and steeples; one is perticnlarhf^'fr 
straight in a little villaoe called Vfuil* 
lough by, not far from bleaford. ItJr^ 
impossible to behold the beauty of it 
tall spire, and the variety of its elejami^^ 
workmanship, without admiration ta^j 
astonishment how so fine a buildii||li 
should be erected in so mean a vill 

July 4. At eleven o'clock set 

in the Hull packet from Barton. Tll» 
vessel larae and commodious, with cwoi 
cabins. Tiie fare for each person onlf ,. 
six)>cnce i and the company in nombflC^ 
was about fifty. As the day was fiMW^ij 
with a light breeze, almost every Ijoily * 
cliobc to be on deck, and the Mca^ 

was 



Intended Ovrck /or th€ WeUk Poor of Uterpool If9 

Mightful. The Thames it Liverpaol» which, as a large iownp is 

TOW rivulet, if compared to unique in oossessing only one parish, 

3er. The puseige lasted ahout consequently the aggregate number of 

and was truJy agreeable. As persons unprovided witn sittings, caD« 

•ched the shore, two large not be proved, in the mode defined by 

i aaveral guns, which at our the Act of Parliament, although in 

ire found to be Americans, particular districts abundant proof 

the occasion of the anniver- could be afforded. They have, tiow- 

teir Independence, and an ever, sodm hope of receiving assistance 

number ot American sailors, from a private society instituted in 

bound with blue ribbon, re- Loudon for the same commendable 

le salute on shore, from tlie purpose, which has greater latitude ia 

I dieere and music. Landed the disposal of its funds. They place 

e ; went to the Neptune, full reliance that the Corporation of 

on to the Quay, which is Liverpool, with their usual liberality, 

I crowded with vessels, exhi- will grant them a plot of land free of 

eene very like that before the charge, in an eligible situation, for 

* London. Many ships had the building, as soon as an adequate 

I colours flying, ana their sum shall be collected for its erection, 

ging and dancing in the pub» and as the amount of the subscription 

k After dinner walked the depends less upon a few handsome 

9gth of the noble Quay, and giits(however gratefully acknowledged) 

led down the large aud nu* than a muUUmde of small ones, the 

ticets, which abound with success of the measure rests mainlyon 

aot sliops of every kind, to individual tKtrtAon and supporL The 

ei-place, in which IS an ecjues- Church is calculated to contain ]£00 

»e of William the Third, persons, of which 700 are to he free 
^oay met a great number of sittings, and the estimate is 5000/. 
rican sailors, two and two. The amount of the contributions 

na and fifes, and preceded by already received is 1 ISG/. \2t. 
ns, one bearing the British, At a time like this, when the light 

the American colours, a sign of the Gospel is shining so gloriously, 

bip, which gave me pleasure, and diffusing the lustre of its beams to 

iped at the Ship tavern, and the remotest verge of earth, — when 

leir officers with three cheers, Nations, sunk in the abvssof barbarism, 

of the windows answered are warmed by its influence into tlio 

he same manner. Each ofli- knowledge of everlasting life ; — shall a 

ie cuffs of his coat tied round multitude of our fellow-beinp;s, asso- 

1 blue ribbon. ciated with us by the hallowed ties of 

(To he continued.) kindred and of country, be alone ex- 

^ eluded from participation in its efful- 

IDAK, Liverpool, July 30. gcnce ? Shall the blessings of instruc- 

ILO sooner ha%'e replied to tion, the consolation of religion, the 

correspondent Ap-U. ApH. knowledge of the mercy and the power 

i. p. 59O) who 1 am happy of God be alone deni^ to those who 

ikes a lively interest in tne from their very situation have a double 

if tiie "Ancient Britons,'* claim upon our assistance? Shall we 

oeen in earlier possession of pour out the streams of our bounty 

not stated in my previous afar off, in the land of the stranger, 

eation. I am now able to whom, save in the spirit of Christian 

isriew of the intended Welsh charity, we care not tor, and shall not 

in which your readers will those aroutid us taste thereof ? Forbid 

at the object has beeu to com- it, every juft and uoble sentiment— 

I utility, as much neatness as forbid it, mercy aud the love of God-^ 

and economy would justify. forbid it, theliberality of British fcel- 

tstand the Committee have ing! It is uot a mere matter of local 

their endeavour to obtain a interest, where nearly 20,000 of our 

oney from the Commissioners fellow-crciiturcs are snut out from iii« 

10 manage the Parliamentary i»tTuction in their native tongue, which 

buildins Churches, on ac- alone they arc able to comprehend ; it 

the peculiar parochial state of is the coinmon caube of C\\T\sl\an\\.v, 
1m. Juftuf, 1 eat. l\\e 



IM 



7ib'« Legaliif of Eaiiet Duei pnteJL 



V^ 



die cause of erety lover of religion and 
of virtue, and doubly the cause of 
every true friend of the Church of 
Eiudand. ^ 

The mind of man, even in' its rudest 
state, is so conscious of its own frailty, 
and the necessity of divine assistance 
and protection, tnat it will seek know- 
' ledge from whatever [xilluted source it 
may chance to flow, and these our 
helpless and unprotected countrymen, 
abandoned to the depth and darkness 
of tlieir ignorance, it the Established 
Church, m whose bosom they were 
nurtured, will afibrd them no place of 
public worship, no means of hearing 
the exposition of the Book of Life- 
will flee to the Tabernacle, which, so 
zealous to increase its proselytes, is ever 
open and ready to receive them. How 
can we declaim against secession from 
our Church, when we ourselves, from 
our own carelessness and inactivity, 
compel them to desert it ? 

Yet do I not rest the merits of the 
case on the particular tenets of indivi- 
dual worship, but on the broad basis 
of universal religion, it is not now 
the question whether they shall hear 
this or that shape of instruction, but 
whether it shall be in any wise granted 
to them ; nor do I appeal to any dis- 
tinct Communion, but to every deno- 
mination of Christian people, to aid 
with the ability that God has given 
them, so noble and so divine a purpose 
—a purpose, which having the eternal 
as well as temporal happiness of man 
for its principle, cannot but in the 
event, ensure the blessing of Heaven. 
Yours, &c. S. R. 

Mr. Urban, Aug. 13. 

ON perusing your Magazine for 
June, p. 520, I was very much 
surprised to learn that it has been 
stated, that a Serjcant-atpLiaw has given 
it as his opinion, " that the demand of 
Easter dues could not he supported.*' 
Your correspondent •* Carthusian us,** 
however, contends that " the Judges 
of the land have ever spoken a far uif- 
ferent language,'* and with him I |)er- 
fectly agree. The law respecting Eas- 
ter dues, or Easter offering, appcuirs to 
me so plain, that any stripling whose 
scrip is furnished with a copy of Burn's 
Justice, would be sufllciently premrcd 
to go forth and overthrow the ciiam- 
pion of the Coiimiittee of Protestant 
Dii«scnters. There, under the head of 
" Tithes,'* we arc Dt'fcrrod to a statute 



which the Legis1atore«ucted« ai vtll 
for ** the more easy and *<^"*' l^ 
eoi-cry*' of the ofitmngs ia qntha, 
as small tithes ; in short, that tl» o* 
pence and delay of an action at liv 
might be avoided.' Thia itatiile b dM 
7th and 8th William III. c 6. and m 
follows : 

*' For the more easy and eflbeH 
very of small tithes, ud the valaa 
where the same shall be midnly ml 
and detained; where tlie same da Ml 
amount to abore the yearly valot af fa^ 
shillings from any one person ; be it smbI* 
ed, &c. That all aAd every penom omifB* 
soHM shall htnctforth well and truly set Oil 
and pay all and singular the titheif cssi- 
monly called the small tithes, tad ujap sd' 
tions and agreements for the same, Seittil^ 
offerings^ otlatiwis, an^ obveniiimi» IS lis 
several recUrrsy vicars, and other ptrmti tt 
whom they arc or shall bedue in tmeir sshmI 
parishes, according to the rights, cmM^ 
and preicriptions eommoiUy used willMi lif 
said parishes respectively ; andjfaoHff 
or persons shall htreafier sabtnct or^ 
draw, or any tcaysjail in the truepe% 
of such small tithes, offerings, Mv^tumu t^ 
vcfUions, or compositions as t^brtmif ky 
the sjMice of twenty days at most, lAtf 
dtimami thereof, then it sliall or aav hi 
lawful for the person or penons to wini 
t)ie same shall be duo, to make his or iM 
complaint in writing unto two or man d 
his Majcsty*8 Justices of the VtaeB, 
the same snail grow due ; neitlier of : 
Justices of Peace is patron of the Clnmlltf ^ 
Chapel whence the said tithes do or ' ' 
arise." 

The statute then ^oea on to rt# 
that two or more justices of the | 
as aforesaid, may summons every 
person against whom any ooai| 
shall be made as aforesaid, and 
hear and adjudge the case, and 
such reasonable allowance and . 
pensation as they shall jndfle to 
just and reasonable, and also r 
costs and charges not excecdinc 
shillings, as upon the merits of 
case shall appear just. Itfurthcrt' 
that on retiisal to nay after tm _ 
notice, the constables may distrain 
goods and chattels of the party 
fusing or neglecting, and after d 
in^ them three days, sell the same, r 
satisfy the sum and charges, remki 
the o\'erplus. 

This statute was amended ia 
reign of his late Majesty Geor^B 1 
as appears from c. 137, s. 4; by wh 
one J ustice of the |)caoe is now q 
lified to receive the original coapbi 
and emiMwercd to summon any 



bete 



I 

|HPfl«iflHi«i«tie»ipriai9oiii 
Nribft lea fmniih, tbarag l^ccn 
r W ffie •hBBgwnaooed lUtule 

r Ju|d the Qcwman in the 
lift eoon^, to wMn '< CBrtiii]- 
T aDodei, eoted aeoordlog to 
tn^imtoKi of instituting ajEiinst 
Ifldfreciuanta suit in tM Eccle^ 
tGonrt, be would, I think, hare 
teeer brooght the matter to a 
MioD. The worthy Vicar of 
riipl itt which I reside, has been 
Ifd to act under its dircoiions : 
nnt number of individuals, tmst- 
f«keinMiibilitf of thdr leader, 
^M^ lesisty afffrming chat when 
IPiaiM» has been eompdled to 
idioMt then and then only will 
if 4lMira. Should this letter 
h»=ffe of any of your Clerical 
MpBaily situated, I hope thev 
HbttiiiDilar manner: persuad- 
'mm that if they yield, Uie time 
■l»lie long distant, ere further 
etaaots on the property of the 
ilvUl be attempted, the down- 
whidi mainr oonlem|4ate with 
ilDaiy and frantic joy* 

Aee. OzoMiBjitts. 



\tfkUiKg^ 



m 



Ex the beginning of thb pre- 
pt century, i have allowed my- 
indulge very flattering hopes, 
e literary world was on the eve 
^ astonished or delighted by two 
lot discoveri(»; a key to the 
ica of Egyptian hieroglyphics, 
key to tne inscriptions found 
j^lonian bricks, and Persepoli- 
xpks. But year after year has 
, and. with respect to the hie- 
ifcs^ au my pleasing hopes would 
r dianged into absolute despair, 
distanaing the labours of 2^ga, 
ad, Silvestre '6t Sacv, Charopol- 
id others) did not tne insenuity 
leeterance of our learned coun- 
■p. Dr. Young, still justify the 
languine expectations. Mean- 
respecting the Balivlonian and 
)lltan writing in those letters 
the French denominate " ca- 
I k clous," or nail-headcd, and 
BenUy, arrow-headed, or cunei- 
I much fear that, although 
II, the late venerable professor 
neh. Bishop MQnter or Copen- 
lichtenslein, Grotefend, and' 
ibfe phiIok^/i[, hare devoted 



not.Qneiiai^ luH evea one w«inl» haa 

mt» the very language of those ith 
scriptiofis» however nomeioos the joaih 
jcctnres ofiered. concerniiig; it, doa not 
appear to he ascertained. While some 
assert that the wriiiog nui% like He* 
brew or Arabic, from^ right to left; 
enotber would rnd it in a- perpMdl-^ 
cohr dinction, like the Chinese: and 
otheri* (with whom. I agree,) fim 
left to right, Jlke^ Latin or Ensdish. 
From Mr^ Grotefi^'s system of de- 
ciphering the BabylQoia'n inscriptioiis, 
some aecomplishea Orientalists of gliy 
acquaintance were, at first, inclined' to 
antidfpate the most suctessfnl resMb : 
but their hopes seem latterly tb iMlve 
subsided; and the oontradieloiy' 6pi- 
nions of those writers above mentiOD- 
ed, are still to be examined. Perbant 
some learned Correspondent wmud 
have the goodness to inform ne, 
whether any attempts more ieeent 
than Mr. Grotefend^s have been made 
towards the dedphering of those aitdw- 
bfwdfd diaiacterSft 

Bevertin^^ to EgynUan anti(|aiticB» I 
woold inqmre, at wnat period mar'we 
sonpoN the art of hiermpyphic wntiii^ 
tbliave ceased. Hie celebiated Pither 
Kircber (in QEdip. JE^rpt t. Ili.jp« 
484.) declares his opinion, that the 
custom of embalming human bodies 
had been discontinued with the art of 
writing iii sacred character, immedi- 
ately after the conquest of Eg^t by 
Cambyses. Yet, fife centuries after 
this event, (or in the 30th year before 
Christ) the bodies of Antony and Cle- 
ojpatra were embalmed according to 
the Egyptian manner (see Dio Clan. 
L. II. §. 11 and 15. Malala, Chron. 
p. 284.) ; and so latek^ as the fdorth 
century of our sera^ Siaint' Antony re- 
quested that the monks might not 
send his body into lower Egypt> lest 
It should be preserved in houses : /*« 
o^nri TANK TO attfjM )apv Ao^m tt$ 
Aiyvrrof ftn wm$ u tm( omo4{ «v»- 

durroi— a passage expUined by Saint 
Athanasius, (for to him is attributed 
the life of Saint Antony) as signifyinR 
that the Egyptians would not oonceu 
the body under ground, (fk« n^inmis 
}i vvo ynf : St Athan. Op. T. ii. 

K. 609,) &c.* Thus Kireher seems to 
avc formed an erroneous opinion on 
the solject of embalming i and we 
most inppose him equitty imn% 







UvTT 



"iv the 



I TAKE cbe Ebertyof traabliog^ 
with an ezpfanatiociy unqoestmi- 



urae. .Tii ;?!in u inwiuitT, a|,|y 3, it will appor the tnie one, of 
utfgt •• ^v .?«■& National ,01^,. Greek words* which ba%'e A- 
:«5«wui. «itH:ii ."vutiiia I ons. -i|e- cited much attention; from Che ci^ 



^<<>.^i:^ ia^.<-<«iuc«. -xccaiea n tne euontance of their being prefixed to 

oiMt early Editions of the ElKflH 



:iuM«*. «r*.-i«r rw .-TniiOBSi gj^iviKH, and without my refer- 
^ iuo*>es i> trw:rj nun ^^^ ^^ ^y^^ Author from whoM works 



...».^ s^-...».o.i ti i^^ -»« ^^- ja^y are laken. 

TO XI OTAEN HAIKHSE THN 
.ff*^. :?. nOAIK, OTAE TO KAntlA, 

L " >.c -»u •» :» r'jL I»^ inroUe an EniKma snflicienily obtcnie 

V ^. -^'.c^- ^-^ ^ "^"^ ^' ^ ^' to have pazzled CEdipus himself. 

a -I "i^ A^!^-^-.^ V the When the passage first fetl under 

i^k.vu '^ 'f^'k^-u -Jk Con- my obsenration, a solution oocurifd 

V .xc*iiJ&us<' . ^<:i 'JK^bnce y^ me, which, howeverp the gnaiH 

.^^ ^ ivw«Huu~> . ^vi ' iouio make matical construction does not aiippQit. 

^ wa*. *a-.»-'tia^ V* Jt.* :a»n 01" the If th^ article joined to an iodccknaUe 

^^^^cw •.■.■c«* > K^-iT f«n. but on noun, had partaken of that propertfy 

^..^v..- -,.ut./.» tf »>fi iC'?^. ade- the wonis might have been lendcral 

^ . ^.» • •»*.>< r"aiTs<i:f5. from —He (the King) had not in any re- 

"'/'^ ,' . ^4,4- j*« iVL-rrtltfRt Corrcs- fpect injured the State, cither by his 

s;.:»ief, ^"l -*€ perhaps jjjj^j (^o x*) X»P»* 5 or by his hcid 




«A««B^U«« 



^.%..»s, ^ n:H:*^ ^^^ ^'^ F^' {to xavra) m^An. 

*^i*, H.>*«<- u*«ft}; axauy ot whom Fortunately I mentioned the sub* 

v^.,.*u»». -v* xMij^ ibic thocoiigDiy -^ ^^ a Gentleman, eminently qua- 

. w K n*e jwrnjua KOTains.— -ii,^^ ^y ^is abilities, learning, and 

'•s. -•*i>i n wincit ti»< P"x >s de- extensive reading, to solve this or any 

v;,.,i.w :iw».>«.-Mfwri>r«**^?'™"y other cla«icalditticully; to the Refe- 

v..io.^ x< un» 4^ *** ongmally ^^^ DocUir Cardew, who for many 

1.. » IK Si^iiihioi. iaarJ*p* of the ^^^ supported the credit and reputa* 

•-^.c^. ,1mioi. tf'irJner South, tjon of the school at Truro, in Com wall. 

..iv i-'^ «*^ ,niTnM 'W. converted f^^ joimd and elegant literature on a 

w.l. ^•Iw'v i^'^ * l*^ ®^y*5 level with our most extensive national 

, .w-v ^» ,.Nf >a\i>ii Archi- establishments. 

,..-.. . »k; ./v> ^xtttur>-. inis Doctor Cardew had the goodness to 

1.. ,*. X I -»wi^.v^ *»i^. divided refer me, by a letter, to the works of 

.J ... ..*-*« ^s wiVvflpr.*. simple or- ^j^^ Emperor Julian, where, in the 
» •v'*"*^ A t>>f cipiuU, to ^iigopoooN this passage occurs: — 



x^ * .\. ,• .V Thiwept where x*^^«»; /"X^rif J iip»? i^nyiiTart 

* »\ "*.ii*^"w« ^J A »wne alter axo rn; vfiirifxi voXtu^, t^iiax^n^M 

\/ .;; .*[-,>.<•• ^^\ 'f^^ ^9X^ o»/*«TMr liMM ta ype^iMfMirm, 

.xvk"iM!«.* Nvm. raised on ^„xouf i* iSiXmf to juuf Xpi^rof to Ii 






^ ... .**,', XV « Jh a caul and f^^^^amof *. 



\ 



... , » .v^v .>J.ui»n. wMh • And agam . 

,:»*. vK AN»nv mouklings. rpi*j St otwroK avnJf JwitATf . . . ori 



\ ;:.r:v:^.:..-.hacircu. 



. .... ^.^ "*. wu ,WliKe of a * Chi «« Kh>P* (inqult) aihil eivltali 

•v- ' "^ ' ''' ^^ .. isf.ll. S. nocoerunt. Hoc ■•picntiw vestne -&igm»p 

.\x V ».» »• -Nr *»'*' ' _J ^ qusle est, difficile est btelligore : not tanm' 

" p jj-, quosdam vestram interpretet nscti, didlci- 

», A..NV r"' ;;\;"lj pj,. si-nificwi. alten Christum, alten Constan- 






>,.«v,-.U.U.v _^^^,^_^. 



*** 



K%«k «9t iiriiifed M hApA Ymh Iko. A. B. oift^k^ 

aI.pp.sii7ttMlM>.)^ - — 

fahulttlon win th^retofc /ftrtri«f>oM^ tf fi J 

itelMi not hk any thhia kn . «'Bfr.jDattM^ JMIiiilMrf»|KN,ta. 

9btt, nor has Cbnsitniii&e.'^ «awiii4ij tha ooM^l^giiPMft 

t Ike Whole eontnt it b «ri- «qpprftfo» al dw mtte b yr My i t >i 

AMiment, and the Regal ^p^f^^ * _^^**^"''^ ^ 



te m Englfrii by oor wdl p^TSdi wermrh, at nMiU#* im 

idamation of *«Chareh and ^ iwJuT To aA'«« i>ijiMwi"V^" ^- 

•Wr." •)• 1^ KAliniU T 

OlOpQgon and Other selitee r^ iaithi kttar fcr yyoliJi fci jg,ea4 

Juian are given in oor own job ind N tiit mk v« £»* it to ba ifai 

ftr the Rer. John Duneombe jHotan oT ChHlM, Mid K ths fadthl Irtitc 

lA, 1704), who jointly with ftr CromwdL And tt in the IUMIIob'K. 

U Mr, William Doncombe,. ChijWi atHy brake Ctodnran't ptcMm» 

IdfeiwIl-knownTrandation ioOpiiiw*! jwij hwto nig Ch^ 

Monk of Horace. wfaleh onMd tibe laaa that dmr tfaem Mh 

Ko more induced to trouble ^^.Tf* *,**?* **???*^ ?!*"5l*^ ^ 

f flln atatement, as the tub- ^^^Z SmTL ^^TkE £SL JZ 

Um dready noticed ill your S«dH aol k« thi (S. «iAw^« 

ladde Repofitory. , CiMmire. Aex i> *• Gnfk iMwte 

(^entlemani Magazine for GmhIm. •• bmcK b« tha klM bnw ftn 

Mb, an explanation of the Craaeallp vUeh is a C| th«tfen tha ja-. 

ited; and in p.oll, nidM mbn aiid aNMOag b ribfaUv Mia. 

.V it b giTen Iw the Yoon^ hfL Jowi Twrnuf . 

i but on such laoci* - a 

A, that I shall Tenture to Ht.Vubam, Ottftrd, Jwg. 9U 

i- transcript of the question ^^N reading the »wri«}wof"2DrPtiaii 

mn, for the amujement of yj MeowfMida'' (fol. xcii/u44a.y 

(Bta^ your numerous readers, x was indooed to offi^ a few rcmarlM 

not find an easy access to a on that work« not qoite conaonant to 

af aeventy years stonding. tjjo,^ of the Critic. 

ild seem strange that a sen- ^n attempt to illustrate the tomb 

f«y obscure had not been il- of Ptammb» or Amaua, after the lai» 

Kjr a reference at l«»t to the i„,e of ao many iS^^wMHii, ffluai be 





wuiio iw uurivwcu nuw^w- opinion 

apK quotation from another reaaoni 

abor» felt «n^"^P«j|}?^ <<IsdMridliahenelMffad,tell^ 

m ita authon^ t>y adding mi b« ^mIM i^MCfaer thb Mgaifiosat ea- 

V vanally malted with oppro. cmlicn b larfbthaHMtiiil t— brfPbai- 

an individual, who had noiv nut. ths son af NMhoi ar of Pbmoh N»- 

CHBie directly opposite from. cbOpUidftinBsdbythedbetigaof bbtoai 

be King in their theological vmay embfans woold iadaet tht latter o|^ 

Davibs Gilbert, j aiooi ptrtioQliriy ts the titles ead haaoun 

^—^ of FMUBob Bie tboie mwlly eppropristed 

meUfram tJoL xxu.p. 208 J to tbe lifbg ttoatteh Iw the jBgjptbas ; 

151.411, Mi>ia,ead,Mavi^ :^^^^!?SSS!^^0^ 

t the poftniture of King Cnarice remnmie so toe aBid.......uvv me ooot b 

which (tocethervith tooM em- spreed the »ost itrikhjf deooiMlwi of thb 

Varices) bthefroatispieee to the ■trifoeseitheteteh^mageJjeyeiiJay^ 

kaMd^eMtbefoHowingwonit: leraioaBt ed wit a eaMems, w i iieh» i f jiily a 

r^laewrtf^iXi^rfJitiiUwr*. by Dr. Yoaag» eipiwrif ely poiat 0I her 

■ImiBaao hb cootrerb retuliftis • Rmea, aoeordiag la liaQa.^ii9hMd«V» 

, Cki hi^am iadaj3t0, t% Ctfpa dmifd ttom Mh^^-iffh or the \nbAML oa . 

..,-Jfitrkmuts, modsil gaddasi. Dbaaii. en S«ni8iBHa« 

ofiuc% 



134 



Tomb of Piommis.^^HerodotMi.'^Londdn Bridge^ [itajg!. 



offic« In (lib tymbolio repntantation : * fiver- 
lasting honour to tho powerful goddeu, tho 
daughter of the good genhu that attends on 
the commands of the greatest of deities; 
the directress of the son of him who dis- 
pensed comforts to the upper and lower 
countries/ TIm names of Psammls and Ne- 
cho are on each side of the goddess, under 
which are two enlarged Phylacteries of the 

names of Psammls and Necho The in-* 

scription expressing this goddess as the di- 
rectress of Psammls, would more strongly 
mark the erection of this tomb by him, iu 
honour of his fitther, as it conveys a marked 
impulse by an act of filial reverence, which 
would scarcely have been called forth by the 
appropriation .of the tomb to his own obse- 
quies, pp. Id. 19. 

A third supposition has elsewhere 
appeared, that the Tomb was built in 
honour of Amasis *, but without rest- 
ing on strong evidence. Had this 
nvork been published as obsen'ations 
on the Toinb alone, without entering 
into the Isaic Mysteries, Mummies, 
and Embalming, on which last topics 
wc have been informed usque ad nau- 
seam, it would have made an elegant 
addition to the new Oxford translation 
of Herodotus. A new edition of that 
writer is announced in the same quar- 
ter, and while it is yet in the press, I 
may venture a hint on the subject, it 
would be a benefit to students, were 
the chapters distinguished in the same 
way as the Porteusian Bible : that is, 
were civil, local, and natural history, 
designated by dlfiercnt marks. From 
the confused system, or rather the to- 
tal want of i(, in that valuable work, 
much unnebessary trouble is occasion- 
ed, which might easily be removed by 
a little pains on the part of its able 
Editor. N. 

Mr. Urban, Souihwark, Aug. 22. 

THE subject of a new Bridge, across 
the river Thames, near to the 
scite of the present London Bridge, 
and the approaches to it, have of late 
been mucn agitated ; but I think. Sir, 
that the subject has not been contem- 
plated with a view to that grandeur 
and convenience which the principal 
entrance in a commercial city so im- 
portant as London demands. Various 
plans, it would ap|>car, have been sub- 
mitted to Parliament, and to the Bridge 
House Committee, relative to the con- 
struction of this bridge, and the scite 
on which it should be erected ; and 
out of these I have no question, but 
one boih convenient for the navi;2;ation 

* See vol. xci. ii. aoa* 



of the river, and the acoooiiiiodatiQa of 
passeugen, may be selected; bu^ I la 
tree to confess, that e\'eij plan tint 
has hitherto been submitted, with le- 
g^rd to the approaches to the bridge^ 
are highly objectionable. I wooU 
take leave, therefore, to recommcBd 
that the approach on the City tide 
should termmate in Cornbill in a kiad 
of crescent, opposite to the Bank of 
England ; this may be effected by cut* 
ting a street across Lombard-street, the 
old Post-oflice, continuing alineacnas 
Abchurch • lane. Cannon -streets the 
upper part and East angle of Lanrrace 
and rountney-lane, across Martin's 
and MiilVlane, to the East of Fish- 
monger's Hall, the scite now intended 
for the bridge. By this plan rerj litlk 
property would be disturbed* as the 
new street by crossing so inanj-oU 
ones in an oblique direction wohU 
find itself continually iu the street, u 
it were ; two or three houses in taA. 
street being the utmost that woald be 
required to be removed, whilst tlieitttp 
and dangerous entrance into the citj, 
bO much experienced in Fish^ticxt 
Hill, would be obviated by the nti 
winding across the side of the hill, in- 
stead of directly up it. Fish-ideeft 
Hill would however remain as aeon* 
venient approach from the eastern pot 
of the City. 

As to the approach on the Borou^ 
side, I would submit that in additioA 
to Tooley-street and the present Bor 
rough entrance, which should be turn* 
ed westward to the entrance of thei 
bridge, that the grand entrance shooU 
commence at St. Mar^ret's Hill, and. 
continue through the Borough market 
on the West of St. Saviour s Cliureh, 
By these means, trade in the old CM- 
biishcd streets would remain undis- 
turbed, whilst commerce in gendnl 
would be materially l>enefited by Uw. 
removal of those obistructions which Ml 
present prevail. 

One word as to defraying the ci« 
|)cnces, and I have done. Parliament^ 
it appears, are willing to provide a por- 
tion of the money, and the enonnmH :: 
funds of the Bridge-house estates, we '^ 
are told, are adequate to the remainder* 
and the yearly revenue of these, durii^ ^ 
the builaing of the bridge, will ampljr * 
provide for contingencies; bat takup ^ 
It fur fl;ranted that tlie improvemcnli ^ 
which I have suggested should be al-^ ^ 
tended with some additional expeno^ « 
how is this to be provided fmf tb« ^ 
answer is this: the Bridgc-hoiue estates' -i 

within 



MS.] Mini QuaJlrangh at TVtnUy Collide, Cambridge. 1S5 

withiD the last fourteen or fifteen years TRtirtTY Collcob, CARCBuroci. 
Inre been improved prodigiously by OirTiindaj, isth Angnc, the birth-day 
the mnting of building leases in ofourmort gnckras Sorereign, being mp- 
St Gcone's Fields, whereby many poiiitedferl«jTMthefimttoiie oftheneir 
thoosaDd houses have been erected q»dr«iEle mt TnnitTCoIlege, to be oiled, 
on 61 years' leases. Now as part of byRoydpernusiioD,neAty *Cbiirt,thece. 
Ab eei;^ is already nin ouX the rjtL^'ofc ^ J^^^ 
cffloxioii of time and before the com- j ^ ,^ i„te?e.ting an <Jcca.icm. Hi. Ma- 
idetion of the bridge will be much Je,ty haH preTicmtly been gitciouily pleased 
more so, the Committee could readily to .igni^ to the CoUcge, in hia cap&city of 
isiM a very large sum of money by Viaitor,hU Royal sanction to this import- 
way of 6nes for extension and renewal ant undertaking ; and to accompany that 
of leases, — a plan that is now adopted sanction by a munificent donation of one 
on the Portman estates, and various thousand pounds in aid of the finds for 




iasming them in your Magazine, bis Royal person in laying the first stjme; 

tnmiog it may be the means of calling ">d b,,,„g ^ommated the Speaker of the 

1 ^^** ^» VaU 4* ^ i'«4 I House of Commons for this mtrpoee* the 

theatten ion of the iiarties immediately ^j^, ^^ ^^^ ^.^^ „^^ GentUSnat Tri- 

interested to the subject. „.j^ College, on Monday evening, waa an- 

Vours, &c. A BoR OUGHMAN. nouncedbyamerrypealfromSt-Ma^'stower. 

W Early on the morning of the appointed 

Mr. Ubban, -"^f^- ^3. day the town tnresented an appearance of 

1HAVE been for some time en- lively gaiety and bustle, unusual at this pe* 
gaged in the preparation, with riod of the year; and the fineness of the 
other gentlemen, of a supplementary <lay drew out thousands of well-dressed per- 
vlume to the Pantologia of Drs. s^ms, who, from evenr direction, rushed to- 
GooD and Gregory, in which not ""^^ **'« avenues of the College, anxioua 
oqIt all the most recent improvements to witness the pleasing spectacle, 
is the various arts and sciences will be ,T^.?^T r"i "^Pf^'^^^^nff '"ndnesa 
detailed, but in which also sketches of j:^l^^^» 5?.:^"^^ ^J been pleased to shew 
V^i. p \ . • . u the University on this occasion, sosgestcd 
the lives of the m(»t eminent nien who ^^e propriety of conferring an honoSy de- 
have died since 1808 will be pvtn ; to- ^^^ „„ ^is distinguished Representative. A 
gCther with a description of the various Convocation was accordingly held on Tues- 
j^^ographical discoveries, the ]X)litical day morning, at eleven o clock, when the 
alterations in the different states both Right Hon. Gentleman was, in full Senate, 
of Europe and America, besides nu- admitted Doctor in Civil Law. In the ab- 
mcfotts other important additions. As sence of the l^iblic Orator, the honour of 
the Pantologia is professedly a word- pr«»*"^*'"fi ^be Speaker devolved on the Rev. 
lOOE, it is intended that the Supple- Dr. Chatfield, of Emmanuel College. 
ment shall contain not only all the ad- . Tb« preparations for laying the stone be- 
diuonal words In Todd's Johnson, '?S complete, the Members of the Umver- 
but a1^ a variety of others, which, aU "'r "»«'"V»^<* •" tl« Senate-house at half- 
i 1 I 1 u / 1 1 •! P"t one o clock, wliere a profusion of fruit 
Ihoughcmp loved by respectable writers, ^^ ^;„^ ^^ jj^ ^^^ »|^^j^ refreshment. 

or are in well-known use. have escaped ^^ ^^^ ,,.^,,^t j,,^ academic body, in full 

the researches of our Lexicographers, costume, left the Senate-house. 
It is chiefly with a view to the last 'plie effect of the numerous procession, 

kubject, that I trouble you. Sir, and as it moved round the spacious area in front 

the Readers of the Gentlenian's Ma- of the Public Library, and towards the Col- 

Qzine, in order to say that any com- lege, was truly imposing; and the ringing 

munications relative to our yet unno- of Iwlls, the cheers of the multitude, and 

ticed words, or any thing which may th« admiration of the sjKfctators, gave a 

tend to explain or define more correctly ^'^""^h character to the joyous scene. On 

those already in our Dictionaries, or ""^''°«^' ^^ t^»f King's gate, the procession 

authentic bUphical i>articulars of rtbTrrdtnt^Mt^^^^^^^^^ 

eminent men deceased will be very ^^„j ,,f ^^,. ,^^.^„^j ^.^^^ ^,^5 

accepublc to nie for this suppleinen- ,^„,^t , ^^ ^^.^ ^f^^ ^.„^^ „j ^j,^ (g;,^! 

Ury volume. Such coinmmiioaiiont ^-^^^ procession bavino advanced, the Aca- 

inajr be atldrcssed to me at the Mi-iro- demlclkKlv joined the train. 
folitan Literary Institution, London. The menil)ors of tlie \woccw\otv \\in\xv^ 

Your!», A'c. James Ji xmincs. uki-n their rGs|)ect\ve :iUl\ou« ou\\\« '^xoutA, 



Km Qyadrangk ai Trinii^ Colkg0, CamMdiM. [%. 



ISC 

the R«T. Jmum Scholefield. M. A* FaNow of 
the College^ dellferad m JLatoi onliony in 
whicbi after aome appropriata vemarka oia 
the d»7 of bia Majetty'i biitk, bo aiupi- 
ciovbIt chosen for thb important cenmo- 
aialf he took oceaaion to paj lome elegant 
coDipIunents to hit M^eitj^ the Royal Pa- 
tron of the College^ and to the Speaker of 
the Houee of Commonst both aa the Ra- 
preientative of the King, and aa an illui- 
trioua member of the society. 

The Speaker, addressioj? the Master of 
TrioitYy expressed himself nearly to the 
fcjlowing ettectt — *' Although I have» for 
some yean, been engaged in public duties, 
I can sincerely state, tliat in no situation 
have I ever felt greater embarrassment than 
at the present moment. Among the many 
disqualmcationa which belong to me, I am 
conscious that in replying to the eloquent 
and classical speech of the Rev. Orator, want 
of habit has too much impaired my know- 
ledge of the language in which it was deli- 
vered, to permit me to addreu in a similar 
manner the learned assembly before whom I 
stand. Indeed, impressed as I am with the 
grandeur and the importance of this solem- 
nity, I am hut too sensible that even in my 
native tongue I shall but feebly and inade- 
quately express my feelings on the present 
occasion. Having now the honour, by the 
gracious fevonr of His Majesty, to fill a 
situation so pecuUarlv flatten^g, I am proud 
to acknowleoge my Jeep sense of the obli- 
gations conferred upon me { and I feel this 
obligation the more, from the cordial at- 
tachment which I have invari^ly cherished 
for the College wherein I hod the huipiness 
to receive my education. The splendid edi- 
fices of tills magnificent fuunduion, great 
and specious as they ap])ear, are, however, 
inadequate and insufficient for the reception 
of the numerous students who come from 
every part of the kingdom with an anxious 
desire to be received within its walls. We 
have, therefore, now commenced a work 
which is in the highest degree worthy of 
tl\at Royal and distinguished patronage and 
muiiifieence which cannot fail to animate 
tlie College in the prosecution of their ex- 
tensive and arduous undertaking. In no 
country are the benefits and btessings of 
education understood so well, and valued so 
high, aa in our own ; in no country are the 
means of a religious, learned, and liberal 
education so a})undantly aupplied : witness 
our renowned Universities, wherein a reve- 
rence for religion, and a fiervent attachment 
to our institutions, are so strongly inculcat- 
ed. They are o|«n to all orders of society, 
and the advantages of them, in educating 
])ersons destined for all the leaned profes- 
sions, as well as for tlie situatitm of states- 
men, is fully acknowledged, and proves that 
whatever adds permanency to tiieir success 
must also add strength and utility to the 
beat interests of our country, in Cliurch 
Mju/ Sute, Allow me, before I conclude. 



to mum wof heirtfek thaaki ta tivUia* 
Tersity at kig» fas the diatiaqgidihed bonnr 
which has Just been cwferrcd upo& as; 
and fully aware of the imperfect maaaer ia 
which I have expressed myself in refereoei 
to the grand object of this day, I have oilj 
to request that you will give me credit Ut 
the utmost sincerity ; and to aseon yw 
that whilst engaged in layine the fwwfertse 
of thia noble undertaking, I feel the fettnl 
confidence in its snoceaa and atabiUty." 

The upper part of the finmdation-MM 
being then elevated, the Master pres^uJ 
the gold, ailver, and copper coina of tbi 
present reign to the Speaker, who plsesd 
them in the cavity prepucd for their rsesp- 
tioo, and covered it with a plate bearing tM 
following inscription : — 

QVOD . PKLIX . FAVSTTMQTB . tIT 

IN . HONORXM 

SANCTX . XT . INDIYIDTS . TRINITATIf 

ATftVE 

AD . ECCLESIS . XT . HEIPVBLICC 

XMOLVMENTVM 

EX . DECRETO . MAOISTRI . XT . 8XNI01TM 

FAVENTB . ITEM . RELIQVO . 80CI0XYM 

ET . DiaCIPVLOBVM . OETV 

HiCC . NOVARVM . £D1VM . rVNDAMBMTi 

JACIBBAT 

VIR . UONORATISSIMVi 

CAROLVS . MANNER! . aUTTON 

JVSSV . REGIS . AVOVSTliSlMI 

GEORGII IV 

VICBM . 1PSIV8 . OERENS 

PRIDIE . 1DV8 . SEXTILia 

M.DCCCJLXIII. 

The two parts of the foundation atont 
being then fiwtened togetiier, and the whole 
having been raised to a proper height* the 
architect (W. Wilkins, Esq.) handed a sibar 
trowel to the Master, who preaented k to 
the Speaker, when the Right Hon. Geatl^ 
man spread the mortar, and the atone «m 
lowered, the band playing Ride BrUmunm, 
The Speaker then applied the level, tha 
square, and the plumb-line, in the customary 
form, and having ascertained that tha mcAi 
was truci concluded the ceremony by atrikiog 
the stone with the mallet. 

The Rev. Dr. Wordsworth, Master of the 
College, then put up an appropriate prayer. 

The Anthem, Praise the Lard, O Jenut^ 
lewif was sunc by tiie Choir. 

After whicn the Vice-Chancxllor pro* 
nouDced the benediction ; and the ceranNMiy 
concluded with the national Anthem of CM 
save the King, in which the assembled mul- 
titude enthusiastically joined, followii^ it 
by hearty cheers. 

Tlie procession then lefi the ground ; and 
the many thousand spectators wno had been 
admitted to witness tne interesting ceremony 
departed, evidentiy gratified by the proeeet^ 
ius^s of the day. 

The Masters and Fellows gave a sumptvooa 
dinner on the occasion, in the College-hall^ 
to about 150 gentlemen. 



ISBL] [ 137 ] 



REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



M. The Hutmy and AniiauiHes qfthe Ab- roots so spread themselves among the 

hyC3kKrdk<2f <$)(. Peter, Wenminfter: 171- graves, and become so big and nu- 

cMbv Miticn and Biographical Memoirs merous, that to avoid the trouble and 

^ lie Abbots and Deans qf that Pcntnda" inconvenience of cutting or sawing 

tim, lUustrated ty John Preitoo Neale. them, the same graves are prematurely 

Tie whoU qf the Literary Department hy opened for successive intermenu, and 

Uv. Wedlake Br^yley. 4ft). 2 vols. Ka- sometimes bodies arc indecently (not 

mmsiy paged. without risk of spreading contagion) 

rllS is a very splendid book, with crowded together. Nor do we like 
capital plates, got up in the man- statues and busts in churches, which, 
Mr of Mr. Britton's best works, and \^ our opinion, are thus converted in- 
iralv honourable to the authors. to picture-galleries or halls. Churches 
Westminster Abbey, to say nothing ^e would limit exclusively to devo- 
ofihe grand but obvious combinations tional objects. These are our opi- 
of ideas which it offers to the mmd, nions, in which perhaps many of our 
ii considered the finest church m readers will not coincide; and pcr- 
£b|^, with regard to its monu- haps a fine table-tomb, with the effi- 
Dcmal appendages. We are, how- gjes of a founder at the head of a 
ever, &r from thinking that tombs in choir, just below the steps to the al- 
geneial are decorations in the best tar (undisfi<>:ured by rails )>; perhaps a 
tsteof fine Gothic buildings. They series of such tombs each side or the 
pitch the walls, pillars, areas, and centre aile of the nave, and some par- 
other parts, with discordant incongrui- ticular arrangements, may not be nn- 
tiei, injure the pattern, as a whole, pleasing; but mural slabs, Grecian 
tnd very often, with regard to country figures, and busts under niches, arc, in 
chmcha in particular, look like pla- our opinion, inhannonious incongrui- 
onb stuck upon walls, to the great ties and deformities. The antique 
disfigurement of the edifice. The an- shrine and the table tomb, however 
lient burial chapel, with a rich table- injudiciously placed, are, in our opi- 
tanb in the osntre, had a solemn and nion, the best and most consistent 
imposing effect; and we think that forms of Christian sepulchres, and 
one or more distinct buildin^^s for placed, as they often are at Westmin- 
nouolea, which should be entirely stcr, in burial chapels, i. e. Christian 
dcroted to the exhibition of monu- mausoica, are then fine and becoming 
mental memorials, with bas-reliefs of appendages. Upon the whole, in 
the Resurrection at the end opposite every thmg connected with churches, 
the entrance, would be more accord- we w^ould have the Gothic form ri- 
ant with taste, effect, and intention, gidly preserved; and in mausolea of 
The miscellaneous manner in which our own plan, would admit no marble 
iwnbs are scattered about church-yards chimney-pieces on the wall, or urns, 
is also unfavourable to appearance in or genii, but have both ^the buildings 
the best form. No architectural ob- and ornaments in strict Gothic style, 
jects look well in a jumble. If Of course we would rather see the mo- 
church-yards were divided into pro|}er dern superb monuments placed, instead 
sections, and the grave-stones placed of Westminster Abbey, in a rich gal- 
in orderly rows, with walks between, |ery annexed to the Heralds* College, 
the tStei would be better, especially and have them merely considered as 
if the exterior walls all round were memorials unconnectea with religious 
Hied with shrubs. Ttees, unless the ideas. We, however, stop in time, 
choich-yard be very roomy, however as we begin to be alarmea at the eo- 
plcasnig the aspect in a picturesque centricity of our opinions ; though the 
riew, are not eligible for the follow- foundation of them is sound ; viz. that 
ing reason : they have little or no ef- where there are many objects intend- 
feet till they grow large ; and then the ed for exhibition, both manner and 
Oeitt. Mac. August, 1 823. ^\ikat 



188 RsviBW.^-Neale and Brayley*8 History of ft'eUminster Abbey, [Aif. 

place should be adapted to the pur- the Second, who was saddled with tlie 

pose. The monuments in Westmms- shrew Eleanor, 

ter Abbey and St. Paul's are memo- Nothing is so tiresome and unifonn 

rials, and nothing else. They are a as the private history of Abbtea; for it 

proper finish to heraldic honours. simply conriists in the following few 

We shall now proceed to the Work unvarying thin^, — purchases of smill 

itself; and we regret to see the follow- estates, and privileges from tlie Pope 

ing paragraph in the Preface : for securing their own independence 

** My hopes of lacreMing the interest of against Bishops, very reasonably, be- 

the work, by an ejutminstion of the hiftori- cause otherwise they might pass their 

eaX archives beloogiog to the Church it- lives in the monastery^ and hate 

•el^ have not been gratified." — Prtface. strangers put over their heads ; and 

This observation confirms what we squabbles with their own snperien 

hare before stated, that all Corporate and neighboure, from collisions on 

Bodies should be obligeil by law to questions of indulgence of the Moob, 

print and publish their evidences. «»" pecuniary interests. Not twen^ 

When a private individual buys an es- law-suits in a centur^r have ensuel 

tate, there may be, as he has given a among their ecclesiastical Protestant 

▼duable consideration for it, a justifi- successors in the form of Deans and 

able reason for hit holding in privacy Prebendaries i so opposite are their 

his title deeds; but there is not a Cor- characters. 

porate Body in this kingdom, lay or With regard to Henry III. beiu 

ecclesiastical, theendowmentsof which called founder (see p. 41), though only 

are not pure matters of benefaction, or ? benefactor, we beg to obsen*e, that 

whose estates are not of more than 60 it was the etiquette of the day to adi 

years undisturbed possession. Being, the King of the time being, founder of 

therefore, mere holders in trust for any Abbey to which he made a dom- 

specific purposes, we cannot see why tion. It appears from pase 6l, that 

Mftr eviaences should not be printed. Henry III. was in the naoits of ab- 

Good, and not mischief, has ensued staining from meat upon Saturdayi, 

from the publication of Dugdale s Mo- though the usual fastmg day of all 

nasticon. nnk& was Friday throughout the yeaf. 

The next point of consideration is Boccacio (Day li. Nov. 10) obsenrcs, 

the date of the foundation of the Ab- that many people observed Saturday ai 

bey, and the pre-existence of a Tern- f fast, in honour of the Virgin Mvy* 

pie of Apollo on the spot, both which The Popular Antiquities add further 

affirmations are broiignt inio dispute, explanations. 

because they are only mentioned in The following incident is ridicukNii: 

spurious charters. But why should a .. ,„ ,y^^ ,„j ^^ ^j. ^^ . ^ 

temple be mentioned, and particularly bot Litlington, Ihough at that tune Lrit 

of Apollo, unless there had been a tra- teventy years of age, prepared himself wiS 

dition to that effect? We wish such two of his monin to so armed to the aw- 

questions to be tried by history. Mr. coast, to auUt in repelling a thieaiened ia- 

Tumer has proved by contemporary vaiion bv the French. One of these moafcs 

authority, that the Romanized britons nuued John Canterbnry, it described as bt- 

possessed and practised all the arts of hig to extremely large, that when hb nrnr 

their conquerors ; nor can there be a our was carried into London to be sold, oa 

doubt but that many villas and tesse- we invaiion not taking place, no ptfioB 

lated pavements ascribed to Roman «>«« be found of sufficient sire to w»r It." 

militaiy men in service, belonged to ®^' 

natives of this island ; nor is it at all We have read of certain Bishoni 

unlikely that the site being a waste, (Peter de Rupibiis was, we tblnc, 

it was given for the foundation of an one) who were excellent Generals ; 

Abbey, such donations bein^; the very but we have not much opinion of the 

commonest mode of benefaction. Tra^ military knowledge of Aobot Litlinff* 

ditions should not be arbitrarily re- ton, in choosing for a soldier an io^ 

jected, unless they are improbabilities mense fat fellow, who, as such« wm 

or absurdities proceeding from igno- of course ill qualified to bear the activa 

ranee. fatigues of service. 

In page 33, we have a trifling mis- The following account of Gothic 

take. Matilda, the good wife of Henry architecture by Sir Christopher Wren, 

fhe First, called the Queen of Henry though printed before in tnc Parenta- 

lia. 



Revibw. — Nealc and Brayley*s Hislorff of fVestminster Abbeg, 139 

architecture were iuuaIIy enriched with the 
flower the hotanitts called Caleeolus [the 
* Ladiei' Slipper/] or Cypripedium CaJceotua 
of Linnaus, engntved in Sowerby'i English 
Botany, pi. I. which it a proper form to 
help woriinen to aecend on the outaide to 
amend anj defectf» without raising large 
scaffolds upon every slight occasion. P.l 88. 

King Henry the Seventh's Chapel 
is the Duilding described in Mr. Fos- 
broke's Monastic Poem (Brit. Mona- 
chisin, new edit.) by the followinfl; 
lines, which have been of\en quotec^ 
as an excellent poetical illustration of 
the florid Gothic. 

'* So fell the Monkish fiuie, and we might dAcnit 
Were here and there not ivied mint tpresd. 

It ne'er had been ; or but a first slrep*s dream ; 
it fell, and doom'd to hide her banisb'd bca4. 
For ever Oolhic Architecture fled ; 

Forewarn'd she left in one most beauteous pUee, 
That much might of her antient fame be said. 

Her pendant roof, her windows* branchy grace. 

Pillars of duster'd reeds, and tracery oi lace** 

The age of Edw. III. is justly deem- 
cd, on the whole, the finest sera of 
Gothic architecture ; but " this cha- 
pel, the moat florid example of the 
pointed style of architecture that exists 
m this country,'* well merits the fol- 
lowing eulogium : 

*' Leland calls this chapel * Orbit Miraeur 
him J or the * Miracle of the World i* and 
though the justness of his encomium may 
reasonably be Questioned, it cannot be dih* 
nicd, but that the architectural splendour of 
this edifice is of the highest order. The 
boldness and ingenuity of the desigOi and 
the scientific principles evinced in car- 
rying it into execution, excite our admira- 
tion in a very extraordinary degree , nor is 
the interest at all decreased by its exuber- 
ancy of ornament, the Pointed style admit- 
tiug of that extreme variety, which in clas- 
sic architecture would lie deemed a defect. 
In the construction of the vaulting, and in 
the airy elegance exlilbitcd by its pendant 
drops and elaborate tracery, we discover the 
most profound geometrical skill , miited to 
luxuriant invention and good taste ; its 
sculptured figures, various in attitude, and 
correct in form, have been distinguished by 
the approbation of one of the most eminent 
artists of the present time [Mr. FlaxmanJ, 
and its casts in metal, as displayed in the 
figures, and altty-rtUtvos on Henry's tomb, 
have probably never been exceeded." 

Both Mr. Neale and Mr. Bray ley 
deserve the higliest commendation for 
the manner in which tlic account of 
this celebrated Chapel is got up. The 
plates are numerous, of the first execu- 
tion, and the best taste; and the letter- 
press ib a niobt elaboralt and '^^\c\cwk% 



fry informing, and suflicicntly 
n» we presume, to most of our 
to vindicate our extraction of 



Saracen mode of building seen in 
soon spread over Europe, and par- 
Q Fimnce*, the fashions of which 
laly Sir Christopher should have 
in equal arcuetype] we affected to 
I all ages, even when we were at 
th it. Nothing was thought mag- 
lat was not high beyond measure, 
flatter uf arch-buttresses [fiying 
] so we call the sloping arches, 

the higher vaults of the nave) ; 
ma always concealed their but- 
lenaa the Normans thought them 
J. These I have observed are the 
^ that occasion the ruin of cathe- 
m being exposed to the air and 
the coping, which cannot defend 
4 &iling; and if they give way, 
imist spread. Pinnacles are of no 
» little ornament ; the pride of a 
I roof^ raised above reasonable 
ntlbr duration, for the lead is apt 
ut we are tied to this form, and 
■ontented with original faults in 
Hign. But that which is most to 
•dv is the unhappy choice of the 

the stone is decayed four inches 
1 fiflla off perpetually in great 
find, after the Conquest, all our 
rt fetched from Normandy ; they 
work in their own Caen-stone, 
more beautiful than durable : this 
I expensive to bring hither, so 
gfat Kyegate-stone in Surrey the 
(e their ovvn« being a stone that 
r And work like wood; but it is 
te, as is manifest ; and thev used 
iia ashler of the whole fabric, 
low disfigured in tlie highest de- 
( stone takes in water, which bc- 
ly scales off; wherciis good stone 
erust, and defends itself* as many 
(lish free-stones do. And though 
dao the best oak timber in the 
i these senseless artificers would 
in Westminster Hall and other 
sir own chesnuts from Normandy ; 
T Is not natural to England ; it 
sly, but sooner decays than oak. 
in the Abbey is oak, but mixed 
BUt, and wrought after a bad Nor- 
ler, that does not secure it from 
and damaging tlio walls ; and the 
the gutters is ill carried off.'* 

uigles of pyramids in the Gothic 



Haggitt, In his exccliont Letters 
! Architecture, ha< proved in a 
nanner these positions of Sir 
sr. 



UU R K V IB w.-~Neale and Bray ley a History of H'estmin$ier Abbeg. [Aug. 

tli»«i«ii iiioii. We shall give a succinct 
^iiiuiKUv ot'iLH leading points. 

'Ttie iiiHi atone of the Chapol was 
Uii) Jan. 7. Ia02-o, iiiul completed in 
4\k>ui twelve or fourteen years after 
that |»criiHl (p. 6). The ex pence was 
»lH>iit 14.1HK)/. (p. 0.) Sir Reginald 

lUtty. «uul Bishop Alcock, usually con- 

aidriiil thi' architects, have no more 

urrliMisioiiH to ihat honour, than the 

Trior of St. ]iartholonir\v*s, or even 

the Kin;; himself and Bishop Fox. 



(pp. U. 10.) [Our own opinion is. 
tnat all these inirties had a concern in 
it ; and that plan> were laid hefore the 
Kiiu', of parts or the uhoie. at first or 
mihsi'tpuMitly, for tlu* lloyal ajiproba- 
lion. This we infer from the several 
imilies hfing uu'iitioneil.] Henry died 
III lAOili ^vheii it may he assumed that 
liie huihiiii!; was completed to the 
vaultiiii;. 'rorrt^iano made the Royal 
toinh, the **ehvure" of which liad 
lire II eommenel^l l)efore the King's 
dedth. l*'our years afterwards, in 13 lO, 
another indenture was made with Tor- 
re^iaiio for erecting a rich canopy and 
altar, ** within the new Chapel, which 
the foresaid late King caused to be 
made at Westminster by the ist of 
November, 15 IQ." It is therefore as- 
sumed, that the internal arrangements 
uf this magnificent structure were en- 
tirely completed at that period. P. 17. 

Here we shall give Mr. Brayley's in- 
leK sting apostrophe : 

** Whan the Chnpel was thus finitihed, its 
ituriml windows * richly di^ht,* and its vft- 
riuiu iiltari |irovid«d with the costly services 
uf pUte, vrui'ifixea, imsges, mass-books, 
viuhruidttrvd dnqieryi and other ornaments, 
iMiiiwrtilittd by tlie founder, its appearance 
luuai liii%i! IwMi ni|ierh in the extreme ; and 
ilw •uUuiiiiiAatiim of the religious rites for 
uKuK ii ImU hMn built, must have been 
Uiuht itti|Mtt«kiv«, when the glow of lampt 
Aiul iMjMiu, ilui glittering vestments of the 
piitfkU, ilui harmony of music, and the 
uwu) tiiliur i:iicum>tanocs of pomp and 
««»iwuiiiU)i iiiiisrwuven with our antient 
Hutaliipj wiire hii|i«*radded to the gorgeous 
^liia uf ■milt a splendid scene. At the 
hij^K *lur, mIUI * tuir Lady Aultre,' inde • 

ruii.kiiiih iUf iu uUirr decorations, were a 
ii-a» k*l M\Hidi tuivertui with gold, and a 
W|,i «uiittf III ilie Virffin, resplendent with 
litai'tUit IhtiaUar within the fitting of 
thf Kku.,'« v<iiith| iihirh evrry where shone 
MiJi ,kiUl, H4h kitlt more magnificent; and 
%ii« 41I u ili\4l iUiB| iu acMiiitm to its co- 
kiMittt iu4iIiKm, iiillaik (if gilt copper, im- 
iv>wk( >i«>Mu« tk\M Miu«, * bakyn yniages nf 
,.^. . .a kkuJiU^ si'Kehi bearing the em- 



blems of the Crncifixion, a Christy (Mr, co- 
loured, and histories of the Nativity mi 
Resurrection, — it was f^amished with a 
< grate pece * of the holie Crosse,' iaesMd 
in gold, and adorned with pearls and pR- 
cious stones, and also with the ' pr ec i was 
reliqiic of oon of the leggs* of St. Geage 
set in sIK^r, parcel gilt, which had b«« 
brought from MiUn in luly.'* pp. 17, is. 

The edi6ce has been restored at the 
ex pence of the nation, in its original 
i>erfectioii, by Mr. Gayftrc, "the Ab- 
i)ey ma«on,'' to his eternal hoDOor. 
The merit of Mr. Gayfcrc is beyond 
praise ; it is only second to the plan of 
the original building. He has done 
in architecture, without the aid of 
C'oade's manufactory, what every n»n 
in the kingdom would hare deemed 
impossible, upon a priori aspect. FoTf 
let it be considered, that 

** There is no other edifice in the kii^ 
dom, the ixterual oroameuu of which hns 
been spread over its surface with such cu- 
bemnt luxuriance, as those of Henry ihl 
Seventh's Chapel. It would seem, indisdi 
as though the architect had intended to 
give to stone the character of embroidtiyi 
and inclose his walls widiin the meshtsof 
lace-work. With the exception of Cht 
plinth, every part is covered by 8CQlpCan& 
decorations ; the buttress towers are 
by ornamental domes, and enriched by ni 
and elegant tracery ; the cross swingen 
perforated into airy forms, and toe very 
nices and parapets are charged even Co pn^ 
fusion with armorial cognizances and knott- 
ed foliage." P. 27. 

He is not an Englishman who does 
not glory in Westminster Abbey; and 
should there be any who do not, may 
their home-bred grandmothers cnt 
them off with a shilling. Wc shall 
therefore make no apology for oonttnii- 
ing the subject, in order to sive a fidl 
view of one of the grand Iiods of old 
England ; but of this in our next. 

97. Travels in variaut Countrin i}f Europa^ 
Asia, and Africa. By Edward DtaMti 
Clarke, LL.D. Part the Third, Scndl- 
navia. Section the Second. 4fo. pp, 5M. 
T. Cadcll. 

IT was with a painful interest we 
saw announced the publication of 
these Remains of our most distiD- 
guishcd modern Traveller. The to- 

* We have had in our hands a CroaB^ 
with a very small piece of wood in tlie cen- 
tre, called wood of the holy Cross. Thn 
words **firrtc peer"* arc therefore probably 
used in dist'tnclioD. 

luine 



1825.] 



Rbv IB w.— Dr. Clarke's Travels, 



141 



hme was in pfepanttion before his la- 
mented death (see vol. xc 1 1, it. 274), and 
twelve chapters even printed under his 
directions : " the rest (says the Preface) 
have been composed from the obsena- 
lioin contained in his manuscript 
joomals, which have been strictly ad- 
oeied to, with a few exceptions ; and 
in the parts where they were deficient, 
tame assistance has been derived from 
the remarks found also among his pa- 
pen which had been communicated- 
ID him by friends who had visited the 
North of Europe." 

The mantle of Dr. Clarke has not 
Cilkn on an unworthy successor, so 
&r as relates to the authorship, — the 
&cts are the Author's own, and, aU 
thoogh the utmost discordance exists 
•moDg travellers, even on points on 
which it is difficult to conceive there 
cooU be two opinions, yet the gene- 
id fidelity and correctness of the tra- 
ils of Dr. Clarke arc universally ac- 
knowledged. Scandinavia is his theme, 
^ow lie has treated it, our extracts 
vill jhow. Our author commences 
with an account of Christiana and of 
an amiable Norwegian, Mr. Anker, 
whose house, horses, carriage, and 
pone, were ever at the sen* ice of the 
Traveller. The Norwegians are fond 
of whist ; the gentlemen play the game 
ud smoke, even in the cuinpany of 
the ladies, and mark the points ot the 
gioie with chalk on the table— even 
ai the house of the Governor. 

There is not in all Norway a book- 
lellei^s shop, the trade of bookselling 
bein^ left to the grocers'; the literature 
of Christiana may, therefore, be consi- 
<)ered at a low ebb. Dr. Clarke visit- 
ed the silver mines of Koningsberg, of 
which he obser>'es, among a variety of 
cnrioos geological or rather mineralo- 
gical observations, that — 

*<Tbe silver, ss it was before stated, oc- 
cun in lumps of native metal : but so un- 
omhI ia thb circomstance, that when the 
lune waa first discovered, many refused to 
give credit to the fact of such masses bemg 
tetoally brought to light. We shall men- 
taoa tome of the most considerable. The 
first ia thst preserved in the Royal Museum 
it Copenhagen ; its weight being five hun- 
dred and six^ Danish pounds, and its value 
five thonsand rlx-dollars. It is a mass of 
Bttive silver, nearly six feet in length, and 
in one part above eighteen inches in diame- 
ter. Sinular masses were discovered in the 
year 1630, and in I7I9> and in 1727, which 
•eterally weighed from two hundred and 
6hy to two hundred and eighty, uad three 



hmidred pounds, each. In the sbafi called 
St. Andrew, a piece of pure silver was found, 
in 1727, weighing two nundred and seventy- 
nine 'pounds; and, in the same year, ano- 
ther, weighing three hundred and four 
pounds, was found in 6od*s Blessing shi^ 
These occasional masses, occurring casually 
in the rock, and being soon interrupted in 
their passage throueh it, or dwindling gra- 
dually to nothiue, the miner must continue , 
to dig through tne barren stone until he has 
the good fortune to meet with more of the 
same nature, which, in one day, may re- 
ward the fruitless labour of months, and 
perhaps of years." 

Dr. Clarke visited the iron mines of 
Presbei^, of which he gives an inte- 
resting account. Though he had, 
durine ten years, been much accus- 
tomed to viewing such works, yet, he 
says, he never saw any thing to equal 
these mines : — 



«« 



For grandetir of effect, filling the mind 
of the spectator with a degree of wonder 
which amoimts to awe, there is no place 
where human labour is exhibited under cir- 
cumstances more tremendously striking. As 
we drew near to the wide and open abyss, a 
vast and sudden prospect of yawning ca- 
verns and of prodigious machinery prepared 
us for tlie descent. We approacnea the 
edge of the dreadful gulph whence the ore 
is raised ; and ventured to look down ; 
standing upon the verge of a sort of plat* 
form, constructed over it in such a manner 
as to coraroaijd a view into the great open- 
ing as far as the eye could penetrate amidst 
its gloomy depths : for, to the sight, it is 
bottomless. Immense buckets, suspended 
by rattling chains, were passing up and 
down : and we could perceive ladders scal- 
ing all the inward precipices ; upon which 
the work-people, reduced by their distance 
to pigmies in size, were ascending and de- 
scending. Far below the utmost of these ^ 
figures, a deep and gaping gulph ; the mouth 
of the lowermost pits was, by its darkness, 
rendered impervious to the view. From 
the spot where we stood, down to the place 
where the buckets are filled, the distance 
might be about seventy-five fitthoms; and 
as soon as any of these buckets emerged 
from the gloomy cavity we have mentioned, 
or until they entered into it in their descent, 
they were visible; but below this point 
they were hid in darkness. Tlie clanking 
of the chains, the groaning of the pumjM, 
the hallooing of the miners, the creaking of 
the blocks and wheels, the trampling of 
horses, the beating of the hammers, and the 
loud and frequent subterraneous thunder 
from the blasting of the rocks by gunpow- 
der, in the midst of all this scene of excava- 
tion and uproar, produced an effect which 
no stranger can behd\d ut&inaved. Vi] c ^- 
sceoded with two o{ the minftu laA o^t m- 




i*.:.T» ^v. Jisjnuii Traetis. [Aug. 

>::» ^.n»» ^ nic « K««ni other Parc^f tqntllv Gotgo- 
_«M« ■ -tf *- ■'s^ ""^ -o ^^ upect, pMied iwifUj bj v, 

iMWii ni^ tamultuouifj towds tha ta- 

SBOiM. ve began to perceive, that if wc it- 

:usi: sained toocer in our present tifwaticp, 

_ IsQpcs might indeed cut short die thnidi 

».. ^« .-NvtyMo. -iH* jf onr existence ; for the noise of the haa* 

aMn had now ceased, and a u e iu e aJou i 

Uaet was near the point of ita ezploataa. 

We had scarcely retraced, with all spet^ 

onr steps along the lerel, and were h^ia- 

niag to ascend the ladders, when the M 

folume of the thunder reached na, as if 

roaring with sreater vehemence bcoBOM 

pent amongst the crashing rocks, wheiee, 

j« iin:«uk-.uu», heing reverberated over all the mine, it 

^/~ ~' ^, ,^^.. ^ ^ % yfurieii in seemed to shake the earth itself with ill 

**" * . terrible vibrations." 

., . w:,... *.-. '-y.' <•.*•! ?h«e ^ jjjjj jj^Qpg famous mine is that of 
>,. .. . - .':*. ■■ ^"^'^y^^ Fahlun, in Dclccarlia, where a singu* 
.„ ...^. ♦^•w •« '*^.?^\.__J lar accident occurred a few moatht 

.^ «^-4kx^ k^'T »3^ iaxineu, « Some men, attempting to steal a <|aBi' 

.^ ... -^v^^? «i:ch «e were tity of the sulphate of iron, with which ihi 

.^ . .«.•.«. .u.r>:rofthe nine abounds, on being disturbed, fla4 

. , .^ . . .. .«.9» ".Anxniers, all leaving their torches burning ; by whiek 

...CN. .% tvd'^'c as we crept means combustion took place amongat tks 

..... «h v-^th, subduing timber of the works, which coramuoicaMi 

' . ^ „ > . ••^ .v^c ao liMiger hear to the pyrites; and has continued aitf 

^ ^. y^i-s -^^'« <.3»fi*sdlng our ut* since, in spite of all the endeavours nadi 

.^ .. ».> jioment, we were for its extinction. At this time it wii 

..V ^wa»cus cavern, whence thought that the progress of the 6re haJ 

vx^v.w . and here, amidst been checked; but the mine sent forth sal* 

^_^ ^ua-vi:*^ -x)cks, steam, ice, plnireous fumes, like a volcano; anditwn 

«.K«*«i ii%^ miners were in greatly to be feared that tlie conflagratiM 

'..,.:* » iKu rfiuj^oyment. 'ITie might extend to the lower part of the waib» 

! -N ■»*«.'» -i* «>wr all parts of when the mine would inevitably he destroy- 

s. xs.^* '•^'v j^^ing on> *»• cd. Mr. Gahn, however, surprised as, if 

.X ^... « *^'*« t^* <^^ ^'^^ ^^ *' stating, that, notwithsUnding all the dis- 

,^, .. «».u*^ S»t in l»«l»- Alwve, advantages consequent upon this 6ra, if 

.,.• ««N a»»' i" f^*'0' nook of they can succeed in arresting its progicn, 

.^«x««> a' 'unMrring ta])era dis- ^nd keeping it, as it were, under some kiad 

..:.« fcKi aavUHts iMuntenances of dominion, very considerable profit w««U 

^.1 *• *w« «\'t« uow driving bolu i^rise from it, in the quantity of the sulphata 

yW .*x'*»* »*» Uiw cavities for of iron fgrecn vitriol), which may he oql- 

^ ^\ .VteCiiv:- Scarcely had Iccted from the roasted ;)yn/«. The modi 

r^vM v^« *iup#fiiction occa- which they have adopted for checking tlia 

... Kx* ^tixKlu^'liun into this fj^e, is by stojjping up all the pasaaMi 

..«.*. «-.'*«." »v WhtflJi close to us, where it is fotmd spreadmg, by means oi n 

u«.-.M .Wi i«erluk|w it is POBsi- double wall; leaving only aa much air aa 

^* . ^.^4 ^.im!* ligures to exhibit, nuy be necessary to support combustioa, ki 

.^.t ir.« ^k-A^itiv; tapers to our those chambers wliere its continuanct may 

^,..v,* .^^ ui **wr rars. One of prove advantageotu." 

^ ., -- •*^'*^'- *^*''V'* '/^lli!f Ofthe mine itself, our author layt, 
^*, )w«ksl 10 the spot where /•» 

' ' A «<«v« i»»Ha««»*** ^^ dbtilling "The mine of Fahlun ia an cnormoas 

* * "* \*1 *U»4Ksl •ith mud, dugs crater, shaped like a sugar-loaf, with ill 

** <wu.K»J* . auil sui'h a face, and point downwards ; the same shape haviig 

* ^ ^ ^ ^ I J il u iiuiMiMible to de- been that ofthe natural deposit of tha m^ 

^\ \ I.... »x- ^ ritouM copper here found. The base c»f Uui 

^ . enormous conical maas of ore, lying upwvda 

V » X . . ^s.. ax i.v;hi— n*"*^"* »» **" ™" towards the surfaee, wm the first part work- 

ad. As the galleries ft>r ita excavation wen 

V V «. \. I necessarilv extensive, and the propa for aup- 

S.^i^l «h«t xlic raid, we pui ting the roofs of the different chambers, 

kl^r **"«»' r**hv»<lril a »yllable: lonsiftting often of valuable ore, were, of 






coursr. 



Rbtxbw.— Fteio of Literature of the South of Europe. 143 



: as ipttiiigty u pOMible, It hap- 
m toe svidlty and cuelessness 
OEDen* tbat tliere was not enough 
aiB the preuure of the superia- 
latter towardt the sur&ce; and, 
\jp hi the year 1666*, the whole of 
Mit of the mine, that is to say, of 
f the inverted cone, fell in, and 
» the open crater we are now de- 
The sides of this crater being va- 
mred by the exhalations from the 
tlie action of the air upon its 
d to the Yolames of smoke and 
Dg firom the bottom, give it the 
» of the Neapolitan so{faterra: 
pth of the Fahlun crater is much 
tderable; there is more of vast- 
that belongs to it ; and the singu- 
0100 caused by regular staircases, 
ita whole extent, from the lip of 
aie bason to its lowermost point 
torn, renders it altogether a sight 
we ma? vainly seek for points of 
, in order to compare it with other 
t the bottom of this crater, at the 
arty fathoms from the surface, va- 
lines lead to the different levels 
of further descent into the mine ; 
eoiding to the notion prevalent 
e miners^ were originally opened 
OTial ages. It would be very cu- 
tunly, if it were possible, to ascer- 
lat period the works were begun ; 
what nation the Swedes traded 
r eopper, after the mine became 
I. its original discovery is lost iu 
and fisble. 

bent of the Fahlun mine is so great, 
aeomes intolerable to a stranger 
lot undergone the proper degree of 
which enables a miner to susuin 
then there are causes which tend 
• inerease the natural temperature : 
■ fires are frequently kindled, and 
' considerable depth in the mine, 
irpose of softening the rocks pre- 
9 the application of gunpowder: 
lity the terrible combustion which 
. place in the mine, threatening its 
Ml* We saw the walls which they 
tnicted for opposing iU progress ; 
ivnrseers, by opening some double 
Dtd in these walls, gave us a tran- 
m of the fire itself, that was at this 
•eing with its ravages the whole of 
dent and valuable works, llie 
had of it was short ; because the 
■nlphur were so powerful, that we 
impossible to remain many seconds 
le apertures. By rushing in for an 
wt saw enough to convince us wliat 
(^ the mine would be, if the de- 
clement were not thus pent, and 
ubjection by the smothering nature 
m exhalations. The moment any 
admitted from the Aoors, atid the 
wen thereby partially dispersed. 



whole beds of pyritou matter appeared in 
a state of ignition; the fire itselr becoming 
visible ; but our torchei were extinguished 
aUnost instantaneously, and it wae only br 
holding a piece of cloth before the montn 
and nostrils that we could venture beyond 
tlui second door. If thb conflagration 
should extend to a greater depth, the mine 
would be destroyed by the fumes alone ; as 
it would become impossible to proceed with 
the works in the midst of its esuialations. A 
miner, lately, in advancing unguardedly^ and 
with too much precipitation, towards the ig' 
nited matter, to ascertain the extent of it, 
fell dead ; being suffocated, as was the elder 
Pliny, and in a similar way." 

An old custom has ordained that 
every Swedish Monarch should, once 
at least during his rei^n, pay a visit to 
Fahlun, and descend into tnis mine ; 
and hence tlieir names appear inscrib- 
ed on the sides of the chamber. 

(To be cofitinuedj 

28. Historical View of the Literature qftht 
South qf Europe. By I. C. L. Simonde 
de Sismondi. Translated Jrrrtn the origituUp 
toith NoteSf by Thomas Roseoe, Esq, 2 
vols. Sto. Gilbum and Cb. 

THE reputation of M. de Sismondi 
in this species of literature, excited our 
curiosity to examine this work, and our 
expectations have not been excited in 
vain. M.de Sismondi, himself a man 
of refined taste in literature and the 
arts, appears to be capable of appre- 
ciating excellence at its true rate, and 
estimates with due allowance those ex- 
travagant commendations with which, 
during the infancy of letters, authors 
were wont to encourage each other. 

By a natural sympathy, the history of 
such periods of intellectual distinction 
becomes the favourite study of each 
succeeding a^ of refinement. Hence 
the predilection with which, in our 
own times, both on the Continent and 
in Great Britain, the literary annals of 
modern Italy have lately been perused. 
Wc are desirous of discovering in what 
career of excellence we yet lag behind 
the exertions of our predecessors, and 
in what untrodden paths of art and 
science we may yet hope to weave the 
wreaths of reputation. We feel that 
by rehearsing the deeds of the illus- 
trious dead, we are in fact exciting the 
emulation of the living. 

Such is the object of the work now 
before us, which exhibits ^w aiiv^X^ 
view of foreign literature *, \t cov\A\ktc- 
hciids the. origin an*\ foTCCvaVvow oi 



144 Rbview. — Fiew of Litiralurc of tht South of Europe* [Aif . 

the Romance languagr, — the Litera- tluui a century, to tha fim Italian poMm^ 

lure of the Arabians, and its innuence though iu the reign of Charia V. the Cm- 

on the gcni us and taste of the Trouba- ''"«• attempted to imitate the gnrt wai^ 

dours, -- the various poetry of the ;jj'^*> «^J^y ^ *«™^ «» J*"" " '.«*• 

Trouvferes, their alle^ries, mvstc W« ought, however, to i«ik the 



1 ' •.. „5.j i»'i:««'i:t-» not according to the antiquity of their fc« 

ries. and morahtic8.-and Italian I lie- ^^ ^^^ ^ ^^ .^^ ^y^ ^ 

mure during the foorieenth, fifteenth, ^^i^i^J^jj^,, „f ^i^ has exercised om lb 

sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth ^,^j,p„ .ji^^. ^„„,^ ^j„ y^ concInW ky 

centuries. the Literature of i'ortu«;:ai, with which, pv 

In a short advertisenicut, the trans- haps, the majority of my. readers are o^f 

lator says his object. has been "toad- acquainted through the master-piece i 

here as closely as possible to the text of Camucns, hut which in hct could not tun 

the original ; no part of which he has produced so great a writer, without at da 

taken upon himself to suppress or en- »*me time possessing many distiacniihii 

large, with the exception of one or poeu and historians worthy of partduiK«f 

two peculiar instances, where the ex- "" fame.* 

tent of the alteration is pointed out. The ninth cliapter is occupied with 

With regard to the poetical extracts an elaborate analysis of the poem of 

intraluced by M. de Sismondi, and Dante, who is perhaps orer-rated ; Ar 

which arc generally translaUKl by him his sublime meuphors will not atone 

into French prose, the editor has adopt- for the tcdiousness of his cnnvenatiaai 

ed, where practicable, such established _the nauseous infusion of burlaqoi 

Bnglish translations as already existed, absurdities, and the incongruous » 

In other instances, he has either been gauism of his mythology: such nse 

indebted to the kindness of his friends, passages as the majestic interview with 



or has been compelled to insert his own Cavalcanie's shade, and the 

metrical vcrsioni.** story of Ugolino, sel()oni occur^ 

•'^i^%^"v! ""t/P'" ^''T ""^ '"■ The tenth chapter treats -on the 

yival of the European languages, m j^^^^^^ ^^ j^^^*; ^^.^^ j,j^ n j, 

the course ol which the author ob- ^,^j^j^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ energetically ftjjige 

^^^^^' the genius of this celebrated Baidt 

"I shall divide mmlrrn literature into 
two classes, which I sluill make the subject "The power of the human mind «■ •■ 

of two courses ; one on the Romance, the ^' °>o" forcibly demonstrated, in in Mrt 

.ithcr on the Teutonic languages. In the exquisite master-pieces, than m the pM 

fir^t, after casting a glance over the brUliant ©^ I^«^ Without a prototype m s^ 

period <»f Arabian literature, I shall succcs- existing language, eooally novel io its wr 

sivcly take a review of the nations of the """» 1»'^> "^ »» «»e combination of tM I 



South, who formed their poetry in the ^holc, it stands alone, as the first 

Oriental schools ; and, first of all, the Pro- ™ent of modern genius, the first gnat w«k 

ven^als, who first introduced the poetry of *hich appeared iu tlie reviving litenM 

romance into Kurope. I shall endeavour to ^^ Europe. In its composition. It is stMM 

render my readers acquainted with their conformable to the essential and hiraiM * 

Troubadours, so renowned, and yet so neg- principles of the poetic art It 



kcted, and to prove how much the poeta of ""'^y of design and of execution, and hstfs 

all modern ages owe to tliese, their earliest *he visible impress of a mightv gentas, ot- 

roasters. At the same time I shall take the P*ble of embracing at once the paits ■< 

opportunity of speaking of the Trouv^^es, 'he whole of its scheme; of empioyingvilh 

tlte poets of the country to the North of f^Uity the most stupendous fflatoialB, ail 

the Loire, from whom Euroiie derives her of observing all the required niceties of pw 

Fabliaux, her chivalric romances, ao<l her portion, without experiencing any difia^ 

earliest dramatic represenUtions. From ""o™ *hc constraint. * 

their language the French was afterwards Towards the conclusion of the filH 

formed. After these dead, though modern volume, we notice a short accoant of 

langneges, I shall give some account of the ^^^ jj^^ ^^ Petrarch, who was the MB 

Liierature of Italy, which, amoncst all the r t7i .• J u ri. rv^ ^ 

nation, of the &uth, ha. exercised the of a Florentine, and who, hke Dwlt, 

greatest influence over the rest. I .hall ^^^ ^"\ «x»*«* ^^'^ *^»» n»«»T« a?" 

take it from its origin, about the time of **« ^^5 *»«"» at Areizo, On the igtb 

Dante, and shall continue it down to our of July, 1304, and died at Argua Mtt 

own times. In the same manner 1 shall Padua, on the 18th of July, 1374. 

treat of the Literature of S|>atn, of which During the ccntuiy of which his life 

the earliest remains are anterior by more occupied the greater portion, he wu 

the 



RBViBW.<^llao ofLUeraturi ofiht South of Europe, 145 

re of Italian Literature. It is his doe. At any ratef however, it is 

to say, whether the extended no small service to his country, that he 

« which , Petrarch enjoyed, hax so well naturalized a work which 

he course of a long life, is is so extensive and instructive. One 

fftous to himself or to his age. observation deserves to be made, and 

iismondi enters into a minute to be maintained, that few are the au- 

tion of his poems, and evinces thors who yet retain any influence 

xcasion a rich fund of erudi- over our opmions. An nistorian or 

abined with a complete know- two, a poet or two, of the Medicean 

his subject. age, are still classics with the reading 

tleventh chapter pursues the world ; but the swarm that buzzed in 

literary history, — *' Boccacio, the sunshine of patronage, are with 

Jterature at the close of the difficulty to be rescued from the pool 

th century.'* Of Boccacio of oblivion. So just is the remark of 

h is said; his Decameron is Hume, that reputation founded on 

s indeed, but dull as his The- ph|losophy and science passes away 

le avoided, from moral awe, with tne revolutions of human opi« 

LicaUng to his friend Petrarch nion { but that to record or select tne 

k of impurities which he was phenomena of human nature, creates 

ooed of bequeathing to the rest an interest with the species itself. 
tMrkl. On the subject of the a 

pon, the author truly observes ^g Memdr, of the Marchioneis de Bow- 

champs, on La Vend^, ediied by tha 
style is in reality dull, but this Counieu de Genlis. Trantlaied /rmn ike 
asary consequence of the educa- French. 19mo. pp. 178. Kni^t. 
psdbntry in repute at the time of THE French Revolution forms one 

S^/jJ.™!^L'!;i!.TI *Z of ihc moat important aeras of modem 
es ID tbis romance arises nrom the i • . j Vi. • ^ ^- i ^ 
•s mixture of ihe antient mvtho- history ; and these mterestmg but 
the Christian religion. V^'i re- heart -rending details are illustraUrc 
hwongniity in the romances and «» />« Mnguinarjr results of that great 
if the middle ages, on all occa- political convulsion. 1^ Vendee, it 
SB the Trouv^res have attempted is ^vell known, was the seat of loyalty 
ITS of aatiquitv. As these igno- and reltsion, and consequently the 
ITS could not form an idea of any theatre of the most ruthless and exter- 
Is of manners tlian that of their minating contests. The fell demons 
thi^y have given an air of Chris- of the revolutionary storm spared nei- 
•II which they have borrowed iher age nor sex. The National Con- 
ns mythology. vention poured forth the blood-hounds 
following chapters, Politiano, of war against the unfortunate adhe- 
ocardo, Ariosto, Alamani, and rents of fallen Royalty; and resistance 
iroessivcly pass under review, to military despotism excited deeds of 
to it is said, heroism worthy of a better fate than 
-^. , _ . . the unhappy Vendeans experienced. 
Maiido FuriMo is a poem univer- ^he achievcmente of the brave M. de 
ns. It has been treated into ,^ Rochcjaquelin shine conspicuously 
matn laniniaires, and by the sole . .. •'^ e ^v, i ... ■ '^ , ,* 
in -ivStuL; indei^ndently of 'U-**'?. lf«^ ^^ '^« **»V''"''" -' ''"'* u*" 
, has long been the dSght o/the i*l'» t"^"" ""^l" o® "^'^^^ T*^"^' *^* 
n eoontries. It may therefore be Marchioness de Bonchamps has record- 
(nated. that all the world is aware ^ the heroic deeds of her illustrious 
to vndertook to sbg the Paladins husband. She was a witness and a 
■moart at the court of Charle- participator of his fortunes ; and en* 
iag the fidmlous wars of this Mo- dured, in the fullest extent, all the ut- 
ast the Moors." series resulting from his reverses— 

! progress of our epitome of " Quorum pars magna fuit." 

)Ct matter of these volumes, it Although these Memoirs have been 

otir wish rather to excite than produced under the direction of Mla- 

curiosity; but as we have not dame de Genlis, they bear internal 

s to obtain the original work, evidence that they have chiefly, if not 

not bestow on the translator altogether, been composed by the un- 

faise which we hrlieve to be fortunate lady whose Hiffietin^ ^3d«5 

lfj«. jfugusf, 1893, ^fl 

r 



U6 Rbvibw. — Memi}»rs of ike tMoTckionfgs de Banchamps, [Ang. 



so MiiiciKMity relate. 11i«ry prrsent 
HW .iv»:«y initure oi* i pure A.ud cle- 
vaic^i iiiiiu. o\}>n?*K»iii;;: the recollec- 
.ioa> .»i :i!ise«y. *uch d5 no oiI:cr te- 
■iiuic '^'ari'viy ever bore against with 
C({ttai I'ui'i-tuiic. We lind detailed, 
will oMj-.ji^.ie 'iiii:j?L.*iiy, the virtues 
«ii iti ii>(>ic [u(xL\i:i\i ; ih.* cilaiuiiios 
\«iiiv**i lite uc^ulaiioa O!* bis cvuintrv 
i>.i>ii,;'K •Ml hvrs«.U*a:ui chiMrcn; their 
Mi^itis ui«ai liio habitaaous of men to 
ii'tikix wvhhIs .iiiil wi!J>: jtui ihoir en- 
I kit lir.v i».' .'.iiniii^' m\k\ ili»e;i5o uii^ior 
WW iii.>>L .i|'|Ml!iti^ 0!rc(i.i-<MiK'C) tiiat 
i\\\ ■iiK[;;i;i.ii\ui can cvni.'-j'i\ e. 

V\w M.lli|lll> Jo IxiIK'luillipS WJS 

iiiHv-\ iuii.\l i'lvMu ouo of tile nio^t aii- 
i.v'tii J '111 liiiultuHis i'jiiiir.i'j i>t* ihe 
(iioviuv lu' AiijvHi. aiul hLo isiiiy was 
oi K'i\\i\\ i'.iih. lie j)o>»e<ieJ (.H)nsi- 
um.iMc :nittu'iKV ill La \\'uJev\ and 
M ilic JctiW oi' Louii XVI. the inha- 
hil.iMi^ \\\i:\ the Mari]^<.il$ at their 
head, viiU'rin:tK*d to '* re>i>t harbarous 
n;^n. v.ii:iv\l with bliXH^who, in their 
M^-i'Ie-^iiuis aj'.v! regicide fury, had jiist 
ti:)Mu>laiisl the inoNi virtuous Monarch, 
in v»\vM(uruiu^ at onee the throne and 
the ahai." 

" \c tho ii«M* of the ri*ing of nur Can- 
tiMi." HA_\^ our f«ir authorcsi, '* the ('on- 
^iMiiuuk oMiiiti.v.u!ed lho«o tnhtps w}io uora 
M'lit iiiti« I.A W-ii.liv. It* evtor ruinate men, 
»ii:«i Ml. ;iiul cl\iK!reii.^-evon aniniftls, — even 
\i- ■^i II .Ml Sut'h HM the unhoanl-of rage 
wii'i itliuli tl:.> i\'«Ut:iiuv of the Vi'iiiieans 
ti» ill.' Jf\*i\v i\' '.miliii;; the li'vy uf troops 
li.iil iii>|>iie«t tlvAt ti^v'iiihly.'* 

Vi'U'i ihi.ilhii^; (he preparation for 
xUy .ip|Mva> hni-; i'ontost, she tlius 
di .« l:^l • the eiithiisiasiii of the Vcn- 

" \lii*iii iXsit |vriihl then' was nn cxtroor- 
iliiLtiN uiiiiilN III the eotta^os of la Vend(^, 
.iit.l III ih«i Nilla>',o« anil Kiiiali towns of which 
ih. |i. .i..iiii« Im.I iiiado iheniselves masters. 
\iiii. \ifit> iiivlol'^ fulTieatOil ; herdsmen, be- 
ituiii- ii.uiuu^i huil turnetl their peaceful 
liui. liibii wuikshops, where the iron rung 
ikii.U'i itio i»-«liiMM0ii blows of the hammer. 
lit.iittuii>uu oi liiihliamiry, which had been 
li'ibnud w ib%* liampiil eiiltivation of the 
• ••I, iH'kikiuo ii««ii«fornii«d into murderous 

•t Oii^iiiniU fiumnl for tlu' propa- 

!,...■ k .•! w)io liM'il of inaiii tlicy now carried 

!. .Ji kii.t .kiiiiii-hoik into the fields they 

-... tib b I ii-iui liiildifi'd. However, agri- 

■ '1.... iiiii iMii i»liitiiiliini«d ; — the euitiva- 

. . I ji. iii>M« «*« iiiit rusted to women 

■t'l.itu, but if fortune did not se- 

1 i>iit«ui% ol ihr iiirn, the women 

, k*M>iK>uiid ihrir labours to fly 

. I .% to pititci't their retreat. 



CTen to fight with them in order to iKiv 
away tlio enemy. Duriog the battlas, At 
air resounded with the repeated shoolicf 
y'ive la Religion ! Five U Rail f'ieatf fa 
Bourl-ons ! The^ did not march opmi tba 
enemy, they precipitated themaelfet to- 
wards him; the flash of the canooa m, 
for these peasants, a signal to throw them- 
selves upon the earth to invoke the God d 
armies ; its thunder was to them a call to 
rise up rapidly and siiring upon the bitt»* 
ries, crushing every thing that resisted chfB 
K'ith ail inconceivable velocity. If on their 
wa) they came up to tlio cross of a missioBi 
tiie uliole of the army went on their kactt 
aud jtra\ed. On one occasion one of their 
chiets remonstrated against tlieir stoppisf 
thus ; M. dc Lescurc interrupted him, sit- 
ing, * let them pray, they will fight the bet- 
ter for it.' In an afi^ir where the Vendem 
were sure to Im overwhelmed by numbeis. 
they cried aloud, * let us march to Heavea;' 
and thev |H>nc>trated the battalions of tbs 
enemy, Iiapj>y to rush upon martyrdom." 

The Royalists g;iined many brilliant 
successes; hut at length they expe^ 
ricnccd a sad reverse iii the uealh of 
their illustrious leader : 

" All tho Generals agreed to entrast Vi 
de Bonchamps with the arrangement of lltt 
order of battle, and his disiMMitiims ««n 
universally admired. 'Hie signal beiK 
given, the Vendeaiis atucked the caeaj 
with imi^ctunsity ; the centre of the Repab- 
lii-an army was broken by AT. de Boncbanjai 
the ferocious Carrier, who fouglit in tk 
ruuks, had a horse killed under him. The 
battle was soon general ; they fought UHl 
to ninn, nothing resisted the RoyalisCi|— 
their triumph ap)K>ared decisive. 

"The \eudcans Imd overthrown etery 
thing, and they were ulreadv in the sabaib 
of Chollet. All at once tfte grenadicnof 
the Convention rallied; — the Mayea^ 
marched in advance ; and the face of evcfj 
thin}; was changed. Taken in flank bj thi 
cavalry in the plain, the Royalists war 
broken; in vain their Generals endenvMili 
to arrest the fuc^itivcs; even the voka of 
my husband had lost its power. As • kll' ' 
effort, all the chiefs assembled, femed i 
squadron, which a few Vendenn hnnrnwi 
joined, and threw themselves in despentiBS 
into the midst of the ranks of the eneoj* 
It was in this fiitol moment that M. da Bos- 
champs received a mortal wound in his bod|Vf 
and fell bathed in his blood.** 

The deplorable situation to whidl 
this heroic female was reduced, ate 
the fatal battle of Mans, is heartpiend- 
ing in the detail. She fled with bcr 
two children from society, to escipe 
the sanguinary emissaries of the NiZ 
tiona! Convention. Concealed in a 

wood. 






4 



Review.— ilffiHoir« of the Marchioness de BonchampM. 147 

,d exposed to famine and dis- ing ; we wert not only without a phyticUn, 

' lost her infant child, who, without uiy relief from skill, without ler- 

vilh the small.ix)x, expired in «nts, hut without a hed, without a room, 

u She then look rofuRC in '''•^'»o«« ^*»°K. «^" »'»• potsihility of 

je of a peasant ; but he. alarm- f tretclijng ounHilve. ; a prey to the .uflFer- 

' ^ , 13 J r u;- »ne» of a daneerous malady, aud expoied 

con^ucnces, fled from his ^f^^^ indemfncy of the iir; for if^e 

n. We shall extract her own ^^^^j^^^ ^^ „^^ ^^^ ^ ^ j^ ,^ ^. 

statement of what followed : ^^^^ .^^^^^ ^l,^ „,„ ^j hail would have 

Republicans having coice from fallen in our tree. In this dreadful state, it 

» make a search about our new appeared impossible nt>t to sink speedily un- 

I were compelled without delay to der such a combination of evils. This idea 

boose ; and we were placed in the caused in me the most extraordinary foeling 

a tree, about twelve foet high, that could ever distract the mind of a mo- 

ed to this hiding-place by lueans ther : I wished to survive my daughter, had 

, and we remained in it three days it been only for an hour. I could not bear 

ai^hti*, having the small-pox : I the thought of what would become of her — 

nrer a ^atherin^ in the knee, and of what she would feel, when 1 should no 

leg. 1 suffered greatly from these longer answer her, when she would no 

yet I believe they contributed to longer receive my caresses, when I should 

ife, an they freely carried off all no longer support her in my arms, when she 

irs of my disease. should see me motionless, lifeless, cold, in- 

^ood ]i<.*ai»aiit placed near us, in sensible to her tears and her cries. These 

r uf the tree, a small pitcher of thoughts rent my soul ; they would aa- 

I morsel of bread. After the mo- suredly have cost me my life but for reli- 

j which I derived from the possi- gion, which lifted mo above myself. I 

iving myself with my child, even prayed with confidence, fervour, and resig- 

ow of a tree, wliu can cx]>ress all nation ; and after every pmyer, poured out 

ered in that sad situation ? But from the bottom of my heart, 1 felt myself 

sylum, and in that terrible hour it strcngtliened and re-animated ; my pulses 

;hing. Never did any one with beat with less violence ; my fever lessened ; 

iactioD and pleasure take {tosses- my heavy eves closed, and 1 sometimes 

oavenient and suitable a})artmcnt. slept two or t^ree hours in succession, with 

rardi, wliat dark reflections came the sweetest and calmest sleep ; mv cUugh- 

tpon my mind. At the end of an ter also recovered her strength, and I ceased 

nd myself so fatigued, by the cun- to fear for her life. On the morning of the 

titude in which I Mas ubli^cd to third day, they brought us some milk, which 

this Tiaffiiw priMin, and wTiicli I I saved for my child, and which did her 

chanL'c. that 1 th()u>;ht it would gri'at ^ood. At length our place of refuge 

ble for inv t(.i clii-.o inv i-\es. My wa& di!>C(>vert>d, or at least sus)>ected. A 

ufTerod If ss than myself, In'oausc |H>asunt, passing in the du«k of the evening 

ou iiiv kn<*rs, aiul >he c«);ild turn iirur our tree, heard me cough several times; 

ch she nevt-r did without rubbing he guessed that somebody was hidden in the 

i knee : in these moments hhc al- tree. On his arrival in the village, he uien- 

me extreme pain ; but 1 abstained tioned this circumhtaiioe. An old soldier of 

4aint. 1 8{>ent, indeed, a horrible the army of M. de Bonchamps heard his 

i my inquietude, as well as my account ; he was living with his aged father. 

(Brings, did not allow me a mo- Having served in the army of the iloyalisU, 

pose. My daughter slept a little ; he often hid himself when the Republicans 

her sleep she constantly groan- jiassed through the village. Knowing I was 
r wailings wrung my heart. When a fugitive, he soon discovered the truth ; 
, it was to ask for drink. I was but he abstained speaking of it to the other 
(Hired by a burnin:; thirst, which villagers. He pretended to retire to rest, 
t sati&fy, in the fear of exhaust- but instead of lying down, ho came iuime- 
tie store of water. At length, at diately to the place where I was, of which 
ly, our charitable {H^a^tant came to he had informed himself. All at once, to- 
me brown bread and some apple^. wards the end of the night, I heard myself 
done was a consolation for me ; it called by my name ; — the unsuitable hour, 
ne that we were not entirely uban- und the rough voice of a man which I did 
1 that we had yet a support and a not recognize, terrified me very much : 1 

I had no appetite, but I eagerly did nut answer. The soldier was not dis- 

r the appl*"*, because they quencli- coura:;ed ; he pronounced his name, but 

«t a little ; but I soim jHTceived that did n«)t give mu confidence, for I did 

had uouriahment aggravated my not remember it. NevertheleKs he pcrsist- 

ly daughter experienced the same ed, adding, iu a low v<»ice, Tntst yourself to 

ur fever redoubled. In spite of a s/tUicr of the armi/ of Bonchamps. 'Ww 

/ the sedson me were bfjth Iutd- ntuitc, so dear, produced u\H>n uift V\\* eWe«^X 



■ 

148 RfYiBw. — Ingram** Saxon Chrmieie. [Aig. 

which he expeeUd. My tmn flowed, whiUi through » hirleqaiit's coal of Mfr 

I thniwd God ftir Mnding me • deliverer. teiic«8» stitched togetber, oat of ^ 

He eUmbcd to the top of the tree, aubted ferent originab and traiMCripii, dii 

me to get up to him, and prevmUed upon me Mammar often becomes so coofbiedi 

to place mywlf upon hi. thouldert. Al- J\,aj .h^ gg„jg j, equivocal i bat m 

though the load wat heairy. he descended honestly confess, that we do not know 

with much dextenty and good f«;t»»"f i but ^^^,^ ^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ y^^ ^^^j^ 

ripSd,:ir!irfenttoTt^^^^^ M ^e with .prd to the book ^^J 

fcijfor my chad was extreme; but I wm ^lon. As to any assistance from dn 

•oon comforted; for this poor little girl, Chroniclera, whom we see that Mr. 

who luifcred no injury from the fall, began Ingram sometimes quotes, little beoe- 

to laogh at it. This Uughter, so astonish- fit, we apprehend, can be derived froa 

iag in our circumstances, this sound so them in correction of a faulty venkm; 

strange to my ear, at oace caused me sur- for to us their knowledge of the bn- 

prise, joy, and the most tender emotion, guage seems to be superncial. Bronp* 

The soldier conducted us to his iiither's ion, for instance, has perverted the 

house hard by. This good old man and his ^^,^^^ of some passages. See Lye i. 

&mUy received us with en affecting cor- ^j^j.^^ ^^ j Njcolson's Engl. Histtir. 

diality. Th«F liglrted a large fire, which ^jj^^ j j^g^ ^, g^.° ^y^ ^ 

pRHbeedsuch an effect upon me, that, Uv- ^^^^ ^ ^^ Siilman's Vit. ^Ifredi E 

ing warmed myself for a moment, 1 iamCed. _ . a ' 

These good people, in their terror, thought P- ^^* 

al first I was dead. My poor child uttered The most difficult part of the Sam 

piercing cries. At length, by their kmd at- Chronicle is the Epinicion JEibehtaBi^ 

fentions, I recovered my senses. They put printed in Gibson, IIS; in Ingratt» 

me with mv little girl to bed, and although 140. In the former, it n a congerid 

mfi had only a bad mattress I found it de- of error. Ingram's translation is spi- 

r^tfoL" rited, fine, and illustrative of the stunh 

Never did the unfortunate Wal- character of the language. We shalC 

denses and Albigenses experience however, state some passage in As 

more suffering than the persecuted English version, of which we do not 

Vendeans. '' I was often/ says our agree with him. Mr. Ingram rendcn, 

auto-biographer, "obliged to hide mv- €abmuDb se^bn^ ealbop bn^M 

self, sometimes behind the cupboards, t jp j^erloson «t pecce fpeofite oe* 

sometimes under the beds, and fre- gum ymbc Bnunan-bunh, thni — 

quently had their swords passed above "Edmund aihelmg, elder of anami 

my head. At last she was arrested, ^^^.^ ,/^^ ,„ thefght wUk ike edp 

m the disguise of a p^sant, when re- ^ ^^^y swords, ihi foe ai BmtA. 

MMing in a ditch. She was carried the jwssage is precisely word for wSd 

before the regicidal tribunal tried, and the sime in Gfibson, page 112. Bat 

condeinned to death : but fortunately, ^^ere is no fob in the onginaL Lie 

bv her interference, she was pardon- oTmTcLTrurnb^unh.'^ ^ We fit 

^ * . '^^ 11 • X ^ion LyCf because we are at a loss U 

speTT^^rrot^STeV^^^^^ kn^ J what authority ^Hc»a n 

Madame de Genlis, illustrative of the '^"?*''^ renariaruni, instead oT tiem, 

details recoided by the Marchioness " "" ^^' ^"«T"' '^^'^ " ^^"* "^ 

de Bonchamps ; but the Countess «>['«^*', ^nd the apparent sense ol 

states that she is only the editor of «**^P '*°5ne tyji is the fmn€9 ^ 

the Memoirs ; and that the Mar- (P"^ ancestors 1 but we honestly odd- 

chioiiess is the author as well as the 'ess that we cannot reconcile thecMi 

heroine of them. ^? '"!V^"'^"? nor find any cine te 

^ the difficulty in Hickes (Grammal 

♦ A. Sax. pp. 1 1 — 19.) We are inclincc 

80. Ingram's Sojcon Chronicle. (VontU ^f ?^»"^' ^^^ l" ^^»« transcripts th< 



mud from p, 47J distinctive terminations of the 

were not properly regarded, an opi- 

IN editing; the Saxon Chronicle, we nion we do not hastily adopt, but fron 

should have preferred complete copies a strong suspicion, foundcKi on tbt 

from the best successive manuscripts, well-known fact that we have lon| 

Mud co)]BUon$ from the restj because, ag^ discatdcd th« SaKon terminationa 



Rbtibw .^-Ingram's 8axom ChromkU» 149 

io the miiUTtt singular, and § did not conaist of merchants and ma* 

loral. [Seethe end of this ar- nufacturen» but of the most meful 

mechanics, particularly imiths^ mean* 

roceed, we have heopon hea- ing thereby carpenters, blacksmiths, 

(p. 141) translated by " hew- and all the handi-craftsmen of those 

hannert.'* We know no such descriptions. Our ancestors, therefore, 

r of heaCohnbe as hannen ; ?^^. "®* ^'«***'? ^ ««" themselres in 

der it by "hewed their no- Jy"c poetjy> plance jn5-imi«ar,^«-cr 

In p. 142, Mr. Ingram trans- oatile'SmUht (p. 145), which Lye ren- 

epe tuncsol by gigantic light. "«" (y- UJiaence), quoting the phrase 

re never seen nwepe used in ^'^ ^'^ ^^T^J""^ ? recurrence in 

je» only as splendid. briUianl. y^: ^f"^' /• ^^ \\^i Arrogantes 

..^.n r^r^As^J^ (^ iAQ\ i^nrr ^"" fabnctitoret, certamly not with 

gnm rcndera (p. 142) pepi5 ^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^ Ingram. 

Bb, by " the might tf seed of .... , , 
apparently, because the words ^V« >hmk it absolutely just to ob- 
aUted in/esta Martis proles, in ^^^^> »» conclusion, that as no wri- 
IDepij), and mi^/i/y more poe- «e",<^an be presumed to understand 
mfesia, than its general ac^p- ^^« language better than Lye or Man- 
Nowhere do we find pen!^ TJ',!^'^ fn'*'- " ""^ '^? Dictionary, 

migkiu I nor do we think that t^iiVJ'^' *° T""^ '"'t^".^. fc- 

^. ^ ,. . .£ .^1 cording to our judgment, miss that 

"S .1? 'eahtysigmfies either „., J^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ , 

Battle; but that it is the ge- supplies fand that he ^vould pro- 

if m tdolum, as it occurs in Bably have still further succeeded, if, 

d; and that the true meaning instead of embellishing his version by 

mswis the** idols accursed modern phraseology, he had obser^-ed 

tlloding to their heathenism, a strict literal interpretotion. For iii- 

Mge more, and we have done. ^^^^^^ j„ ^ ,^g^ j,^ ^^ ^ 1,^ 1^,^^ 

Sram renders to hbef pepe pice jreop^ heal): jep, which idiom- 

mm deep; Lye hy ad navem aticafty means, "and he held the 

(▼. fitejrnion). For our parts, kingdom the half of ^ seventh year," 

I |%ejrne as a substantive, and or " six years and a haff,*' as it is cor- 

5 meaning to "be, in its sense of rectly rendered by Mr. Ingram, which 

las, that they were com)>elled modem interpretation we had rather 

aaity (nybe rebsebeb^ to learn have seen in bracketed italics, adjoin- 

aa^ement of ships, i. e. made cd to the Saxonism. Half the effect 

igiainst their will j at all events, of an old language is lost by shaving, 

not in the text. powdering, and tayloring it. It is 

antient eulo^um we think something of the same character a^ 

incteristic of the sort of « /?t</f beautifying churches. And here it 

Ms" and ** Conquering Heroes would have been not only delightfully 

which obtained among our curious, but exceedingly useuil; be- 

raj and Mr. Turner's sjieci- cause Mr. Ingram truly observes, in 

not equally interest us ; for p. xxxii. " The Saxon grammar above 
re &r less illustrative of charac- all others must be taugnt by the lan- 
cmnd with incomprehensible gQage, and not the language by the 
on, and show off tne rufRan- grammar.'* Still it is a language 
pirates called sea-kings, rapes, worth studying, an oak of a Ian- 
i, thefts, and other re\'oUing guage, very firm in grain, and such a 

Our readers will not, how- language as we may suppose a Her- 

lank us for giving them fossil cules would have spoken. As to the 

crack, such as are the diction- modern alteration of it, we find, 

ates of which we have treated, from Mr. Ingram, (xxv.) that the de- 

of real ones, those which have clension of 6e po, &c. was lost, thro' 

1 to interest. We shall there- the Normans, who used the i)lural no- 
ind no more «j;eriinds, but sew minative the indiscri minutely for all 
mr sage disquisitions a curious cases and genders in both numbers. 
.ion, which this Epinicion fur- No doubt they also destmyed other 
)f Anglo-Saxon manners. The distinctions of cases by the termina- 
rcial noblesse of the Anglo- tions. As to the changes Comni \o 

, through the state of society, our present suhjecl. T^iwViVvV ^ovi% 

vVvt 



150 



Rbvibw.— Elliott's Love, a Poem» 



tAk« 



the introduction of French words ; and 
the use of Latin and clasnical litera- 
ture the other. 

31. Love, a Poemt in Three Parts, To 
which is added, The Giaour, a Satirical 
Poem. By £. Elliott. Stocking. 

IT has seldom hap))encd to us in the 
progress of our critical labours, to have 
oeen visited bjr such per|)etual alterna- 
tions of opposite feelings as we have 
expcriencea during the |)erusal of Mr. 
Elliott's poem. Its beauties and de- 
fects are alike palpable — manifest — and 
if the latter were expunged, if instead 
of adhering with fond pertinacity to 
all his thoughts and crudities, one half 
of the poem were pruned away, a resi- 
due would be left us worthy of an age 
fruitful in good poetry, and would 
place its author on no imenviable 
Height among the moral poets of the 
day. It ap[>ears to us that this author 
has to learn that hard lesson — how to 
blot. As it is, he has given us as much' 
to censure as to praise. 

We w^ould not wish that our readers 
should understand that the poet has 
confined his delineation to the single 
passion of "Love,** which, under this 
denomination, has led to such disas- 
trous results in the world. He has 
taken a loftier range, and has depicted 
Love iu its more enlarged and com- 
prehensive grasp, embracing all the 
charities of social life, all the ties that 
knit man to his kind, the relations of 
parental fondness and filial affection, 
the love of country, and the love of 
God. 

The poem opens with lines of calm 
dignity, admirably in unison with the 
subject. The inextinguishable nature 
of genuine love is well depicted in 
these lines : 

•*Whea Virtuo dies in pdlid Want's em- 
brace, 
Not friendless, tho* abandon*d by tlie base ; 
Then o*er the grave from which all flatterers 
fly» [buy. 

Love sheds a tear which kingdnras could not 
And, as the April sunbeam melts the snow, 
Till peeps the golden flower tlmt slept be- 
low, — 
Thy look can charm the fiend beneath whose 

eye 
All joys but thine and blest Religion's die. 
The lung of woes, pride-humbling poverty." 

The desolation of the village, and 
the demoralizing effects of large ma- 
nufactories on rural manners, arc old 
complaints^ but the subject ib ticatcd 



b^ our author in some fine hunts ti 

vigorous and impassioned poetry. 

The third booK is almost excluiifdv 
occupied with an affecting nanathe. 
A female struck blind by lightnioi H 
the altar, and on the bridal hour. The 
horrors of this afHictive visitation ait 
poetically though somewhat too mi* 
nutely described ; but a worse misfoc- 
tune remains to be told : 

« Blind and belovM, she smil'd thro' tma 

resigned; [blin^r 

But, ah ! she fear*d to be despis'd, ud 

Her fears were too prophetic. The 
husband, who had soothed her in the 
early days of her sorrow, grew ookl, 
alienated, and estranged, dissipated 
her fortune, and left her to misery and 
want, — 

*< She to that house where Want is M by 
Scorn, [bonei 

Too weak to walk, by hireling bands w« 
There hourly dying, she forgot lier woe* 
And smiKd with cheek of fire and lip of 

snow 
On visions of the past." 

The sufferings and resignation of 
this afflicted being arc detailed in Ian- 
jTuage painfully pathetic. Her lieart- 
K'ss husband in the mean time n 
fighting in a foreign country, while 
the deserted wife in fearful anxiety 
listens to every tale of victory. At 
length a letter is announced : 

** With feeble shriek she fell, and tried to 

rise, 
And strainM the letter to her sightless eyes. 
And kiss'd it o'er and o*er." 

But disappointment again awaits 
her, and her name is not even men- 
tioned. 

The second part of the poem pour* 
trays the miseries of sinful passion 
turning the brightest hues of love to 
severest woe. We have here an epi- 
sode, speaking of a proscribed fugitive 
and traitor, named Morland, occupy- 
ing two whole books; and although 
there is some very jwwerful writing, 
we are constrained to declare that the 
tale is out of place. 

Of the remainder of this poem of 
•• Love," we forbear to speak. Seduc- 
tion, infanticide, and self-murder, 
whatever light or lustre poetry may 
throw around them, are appalling 
themes. 

Mr. Elliott has exhibited even on 
these subjects no connnoii |X)wers; 
but they are subjects which no genius 

can 



IMS.] Review. — Danby's Thoughts. 15] 

can render tolerable,— which no talent objection we can make, that must satisfy 

cao redeem. onr reason, and malce our acqaiescence an 

Of the Satire which cloees the vo- indispensable obligation. Every difficulty 

lame, we say nothing, but that it is c^not well be solred to us, unless things 

Hide calculated to reform, which is "• brought within the reach of our under- 

die legitimate object of all punish- "^^S^ "»« »« now beyond them. The 

jg^j^^ o J r objections must, I apprehend, be answered, 

^ and the acquiescence of our reason made ob- 

" ligatory, by the satts&ction giren to the 

99. Thoitghts chiefly an serums Subjects; mind on the most material points. This 

with Remarks on " Lacon.** By Wm. the Scriptures contain ample means of do- 

Daaby, Esq, £xeter. ing : in the investigation of them, indeed, 

THIS is the production of a Chris- TI^***^^ *'\" ""."n^ concerned as our 

.1^ c-u I J ^ *i reason, and perhaps still more ; but we must 

wn.a Scholar, and a Gentleman;- ^^^ ^„ „eVther%o l<». .ight of, n " to 

what more can we add m the way of j^, ^ Utter." 
Roommendation r We have here the 

eflusions of a mind well trained and From the second volume we could 

disciplined, and stored with well di- wish that the "Remarks on Lacon'* 

geicd matter ; and whether treating were entirely expunged. Without the 

oTReligion or of Morals, of Metaphy- work, on which they are a comment- 

sb or of Literature, the same good ary, they are unintelligible ; and with 

KDse and sound reflection characterise it, they are often trite, and occasionally 

the whole. He stands in complete puerile. It is here that wc have found 

amirast with, and in direct opposi- our author prosing and garrulous, and 

tjon to, the flimsy and fashionable unworthy of himself. Of the passages 

Literature of the dayj and he must be at the close of the first volume, in al- 

prepared for a certain portion of that lusion to domestic circumstances, we 

neglect which all the higher exercises cannot speak in terms of praise; they 

of the mind seem destined to experi- are not in that good taste and keeping 

fncc. He must be content to suomit w'hich are so generally conspicuous in 

hb claim with dignified tranquillity to Mr. Danby's writings. They may 

pHterity; and when the present pe- also expose an amiable man to ridi- 

rishable, yet popular eflusions are for- culf> hardly to be prevented by the 

gotten, when "oblivion's gulph** has anticipating " morsel of criticism," 

received dramas and mystery, sonnet with which he has favoured us. 
and epic, tale and essay, — the greater 
fart " " 
r?mem 

classed 

ner, or ranged with the maxims of vour to do"' it in suggesting a morsel of cn- 

n^on. ticism that may not ill suit the tastes that 

To give any adequate idea of the va- relish it. Suppose then \% should he served 

rious subjects discussed in these vo- op in this way: 'All that we can gather 

lumes would, within the prescribed f^^*" the effusions of this gentleman (he 

limits of a review, be impossible. *""*^ excuse us if we d<» not digulfy him 

The specimens we shall quote will, ^^'^^the title of authorjisy that he is very 

however, be sufiicient, we trust, to l?"'^^/" '°^^» *"t V""^ ^^ ^''!'f'''^ 5^« P"^- 

induce a desire for the perusal of the **"' ^^.^^ " ™"^^ "^terested m what con- 

LI "^ cerns the object of his amorous feelmgs as 

he is himself. He would fain persuade us 
** We cannot solve all the diflSculties that that the best way to mount to Heaven is by 
occur in the moral dispensation of the world borrowing the wings of Cupid for that pur- 
se live in ; but as we may be sure, from the pose, and that a man cannot better prepare 
leaodest reasoning, that there is a Supreme himself for the journey, than by falling in 
Being; and as the Scriptural doctrines, love, at the age of 70, with a girl of 26. 
vhsterer objections we may make to them. Indeed we do not rememlier to have seen 
ve supported by evidence, both external and before such a confusion of the ' amor divi- 
ntemal, that fully evinces the truth of nus ct humanus;' and we really think that 
tlwiB ; these, if properly considered, with the sentiments (if sentiments they deserve 
tbs general conclusions to be drawn from to be called) that dictated these rhapsodies, 
tHem, and their application to the condi- were better designated by any other name 
tioQ of mankind, will give that solution to than that of <pia desideria.' We must beg 
■11 ear difficulties, and that answer to every leave to assure him (tVis s\g\uT\^ %w^. 



159 RkviBW.— >Adains o« AJrum* 

with Ui« gwy hain tnd sraoi head) thai during his aojonni ibraac 

we, whoM hairt art grey lUw bb, will not an obligation on tociety, 

toftr the heads the J cover to ran into ainu- tion to the ^enU and todd 

Ur vagariet; aad while we deprecate the plays. 

adoption of his cveedy or the imitation of ^ /, * . . . ,. .. . . 

hi.\«ample. we nu.t remind thi. new NotwithsUnd.ng the intr 

Ixioo» that, however he may miatake hia *V* <»n"<lcration of the Slav* 

Cloud for a Juno (and for aught we know, g»^'en «« Africa, little, con 

himMlf for a Jupiter) thote who have not speaking, is known of the d 

the infatuation or presumption that seem to tne people about whom so 8 

possess him, will,* &c. &c. <cc. feelins has been excited ; ai 

« Hovrever, though I have the j^sibi- tain Adams's remarks cont 

lity of all this, and perhaps still worse, be- information relative to Um 

fore my eyes, I cannot help hop'mg that dispositions, and moral an 

more candid and liberal critics (and such energies of the natives of i 

there surely are) wUl speak more fayouimbly able line of coast of that o 

of me and my work, and will admit (perhaps consider his book very accep 

as having e«per.enced diem) the comprti- j j,^ J^ y^ 

biUtv of the different teelmes expressed m f«7i i '.u ^ 'ir.io* ..^ 

it ; that they will allow that what has been T^' ^""^ '^***'*'?' prejudia 

done before (I mean similar marriages) may ©bsenations evince an 

be done again, and wUh the same tolerance ™»n" -^n** opinion of the 

that has before been shewn ; and that the the different parts of the cc 

reasons assigned for it are neither wholly to visited, are trecjuently ilia 

be rejected, nor hare been improperly anecdotes of their conduct c 

brought forward, at a time ^hen tlie publi- lar occasions ; and hence a 

city, through the medium of newspapers, of as well as information may 

every event public or private, and the com- from the work. Our limiti 

menu made upon it, may justify the person to be very brief in our ex 

meet materially concerned m it, however j^, .^ju ^ sufficient to 8h< 

insigDificant he and his con«m. may be, ^^^ ^j- j,,^ ^^^^ ^^j ^^ 

in speaking for himself and them (whenever „^»;. .^. ^r ^u-* Jv«.» «f A*r • 

he tnciTbe ha. any thing pi«»!ble to say) ".^V''^ 5^ ?*^^ P?'' ""^^^"^ 

as wen as leavmg other? to spedc for or »'^^« ?"1 shrewd, and poa 

agaiosi him, as their inclinations may direct ^\ ?»» Y^^^ would repay th< 

then. If those inclinations are inHuenced cultivation, 

by liberality and candour, they will at least „ Cootry (the King or Chiel 

pardon the error that mere worldly policy, ^^ Li^jf like man/of his Ro 

or an overatmbed delicacy or pnde, may be •„ ^Sce, » a receive o^ stolei 

dispMcd to condemn, or that thoughtless ^ ^^ ^^ y^^^^^^ ^ ,^^ 

levrty, Of a std^ worse d»pos>Uon, may be ^^^ ,^j^ ^^ ^^ ^^^^^ 

eeger to ndicule. ^.^ fkvourite, who can rob h 

We take leave of Mr. Danby with friends with most address. It v 

sentiments of veneration and respect, to tbemasterof a vessel, that hi 

with those feelings which are due to '^•^ clandestinely entered, am 

the virtuous and the wise. several bags of com by one of 

^ domestics, and he sent a mes 

^ black Monarch, that if he cai^ 

38. Eemarki an the Country extendtngfiom in the act, he would shoot him, 

Cape Palmas to Iht River Congo, indadmg might be. The opportunity aot 

Obtervaiwm on the Mannen and Customs and the man was shot, when fa 

qf Vke Inhabitants. With an Appendix^ taking away upon his head a 

cantaimng an Account qf the European When the King was informed 

Trade wUh ihe PTest Coast q^ Africa. By cumstance, his only remark w 

C<gUain John Adams. Svo, pp» S65. fellow was a^oo/, and not a/)rq 

Whittaker. P- 103. 

EVERY Work which makes us at The following anecdote d 

all better acquainted with the manners a little sagacity : 

and customs of the inhabitants of a c«n- • * .^' r^ j 

distant part of the globe, may IH. con. ^.^.^^'^r^t,'^ 

sidered as an acquisition to Litera- j^., ^^^ [tWof ^ 

ture ; and for this reason, every in- ^^i blood, it appeara in a pra. 

telUgent traveller who publishes the were placed in a recUning poi 

observations which occurred to him the wall in the King's 



1823.] 



lUviBW.— Jllr. Irviilg'8 Orationt. 



thty ««re Cootrr*! faticlie*, hit utwer 
wM, dnt the elcpiuuU beii^ mon tagacioui 
ui stronger than any MmvaS, he represented 
bat (metaphoricdJy of eoarse) Cootry's 
poecr over ou lubjectt. If the black Mo- 
Midi had been acquainted with heraldry, it 
eooldbe a reaaooable inference to draw, that 
bii fetiche WM his coat of arms." P. 104. 

A want of space prevents oar no- 
tieiBK several curious customs and 
aneeMtes ; but the singular fact, that 
drnmcision b very commonly prac- 
tind on the natives in places vifhere 
the Mabomedan religion is unknown, 
is too carious to be passed over : when 
(jintk)ned on the subject, the only 
reaiOD they assign is, that their ances- 
ttn were so marked. The author 
uniia^y recommends Malemba for the 
tttabfisnment of a colony, from the 
coDpuative salubrity of the climate, 
im) the peculiarly mild and tractable 
diipQsition of the inhabitants. On 
the interesting Question relative to the 
termination of tne Niger, he does not 
huard an opinion of his own; al- 
tixn^b he disputes, and we think sa- 
tisfactorily, the hy^)OthesisofRiechard, 
that it discharges itself into the sea by 
the many rivers between those of For- 
nMa and Del Rev ; and dissents from 
the idea czpressecf in a recent publica- 
ilun, that tne rivers Lagos and Honny 
are the embouchures of the Ni^r. 
Captain Adams thinks that the Niger 
might be more safely visited by way of 
Aidmh and 11 io, than by any other 
route at present known. 

The Appendix to the volume must 
be found a valuable assistant to shi])s 
visiting this part of Africa. 

Having now willin^jily allowed the 
work the merit which il appears to us 
to possess, we cannot take leave of 
Captain Adams without censurinp; his 
ridiaitous attempts to be satirical on 
the members of the le^al profession of 
his native country. Like himself wc 
ilt»pi% pettifogging attornics, but as 
we believe ihcy arc nearly extinct, wc 



I&3 

therefore feel it our duty to condemn 
such illiberal reflections whenever they 
come before us. Such uncalled-for 
observations as those in which the au- 
thor has indulged, evince, to say the 
least, exceedingly bad taste ; if they be 
meant for wit, we assure him a note is 
required to inform his readers that soch 
was the object of tlieir insertion, for 
we are convinced no one would disco- 
ver it without such an explanation. 

84. Orations fir the Oracles qf God, In 
Four Parts. Judgment to come, an Arpi* 
ment in Nine Parts. By the Rev, £dw. 
Irving, M. A. Minister qf the Caledonian 
Church, Hattan Garden, London. 8«o. 
Hamilton. 

THIS Reverend Gentleman has at« 
tracted so much notice— he has been 
the object of so much admiration on 
the one hand, and of such bitter and 
virulent atuck on the other^-that we 
should appear negligent of our dnnr, 
if we were alto^ther to abstain 
from mentioning hira. At the same 
time, we own, we are not usually dif- 
posed to canvas the merits of paUic 
Preachers. To whatever communion 
they belong, we regard them with 
that respect, as Ministers of Religion, 
which forbids all severity of criticism. 
We therefore shall offer no remarks of 
our own on Mr. Irving; and among 
our contemporaries it is difficult to 
find any whose prejudices allow them 
to speak of him with due moderation. 
The most impartial article that we 
have met with on this gentleman's 
oratory, is in the Museum: it breathes 
perhaps somewhat too much levity for 
so grave a topic ; but the following ex- 
tracts show that the writer is disposed 
** to hold the scales of justice with 
even and clean hands." 

" Who has not heard of the Rev. Mr. 
Irvine ? Who, among the ions of men, 
and the daughters of women, residing with- 
in a very few miles of Hatton Garden, and 



* As there is no good explanation of this word in the work before us, and as it ii neces- 
arj it should be explained to understand the above extract, we insert the definition given 
tfit in Meredith's Gold Coast. Fetish is ajpplied to every o!>jcct of worship or veneration, 
ud is a word of great license, it being applied in a gwat variety of ways : their priesthood 
9tt fetich; things forbidden vet fetish ; places where white men arc not allowed to enter 
ve called y^/uA ; in some places it is fetish to kill an alligator, in others it is so to eat a 
(Jsck or a white fowl. If a penon is poisoned, or unwell in a way they cannot account for 
S aJeOfh ; instead of an oath to prove the truth of an assertion, they take fetish. Fetish 
« tlM 02-i uf the West Indies ; Fetish people the conjurors, the physicians, the lawyers, 
llta priests of the country. 

CiKT. Mag. ^i/^ii/, 1323. especiallv 

8 



154 Rbvibw.— i^. lrang*8 OratUms. [Aug. 

eipecimlly mixing with the intellectual ami they hare treated other prodigiei of a diF^ 

ftthionable oV^ of the Metropolis, hat ferent cart of character. A London andnwe 

not at least Mitayed to hear the extraordinarf grows cold as qaicldy aa it grova hot. Om 

pulpit eloquence of this ]ireacher of the breath makes, and another overthrowa: md 

Kirk of Scotknd? The whole town yet a Clergyman, In this bitanee,«iU be tnrtd 

rings with his fione. Gartered nobles, and «ith as little ceremony as an aetor. I^n^ 

the most eloquent of our senators, yea, it must not be denied that Mr. Irving htk 

Chureh dignitaries, with rosed hats, have much of the dramatic cast in his sannsai, 

been squeezed and lammed in the crowd, and in his manner of proachiM. Thmtit 

pressing onward to hang on the music of those who say that he resemhbs Kean, sal 

bis periods, to gaze on the peculiarities of those who contend that he imitatea Yoi^. 

his gestures, or to be astounded by the We do not believe the latter, and «a thisk 

thunder of his inrectiTes. HaUon Garden, the former to be purely accidental. Hun 

where the Caledonian Chapel stands, is a is something too stem and atnrd^ in tiis 

regular Sabbath scene of coroncted carriages, materials of Mr. Irving's uodersteiding, (o 

Wthln them are seen the Prime Minister, suppose him to be taacable with the wisk- 

HiB Foreign and Domestic Secretaries of ness and folly of imitation. Yet, with ciHV 

State, the Attorney and Siilicitor General, disposition to do Justice to the simplicity of 

Co say nothing of enthusiastic Duchesses his feelings, we must enter our protests 

and too happy Marchionesses. Instead of gainst the overcharged and ' 



the preteni < locus in quo,' you would, from manner of the preacher's delivafy. It is si 

MS observation of those on foot, on horse- times extravagant, and at Urnea coaiwi mi 

back, and in carriages, which are parading not fitted to that co/i^ of intellaet to videh 

ily suppose Rtgeni'Ureet to be the scene of it is obvious that Mr. Irving wishes Co al- 

action. The whole arena is indeed magical : dress himself. He must be oaiwful of tin 

and of Hatton Garden it mav be poetically vulgarism of methodistical rant; aod kt 

said» in the language of xhe Georgics — him be assured that thosf heads and hearts 

^ ... r J » It which can appreciate the full force of hk 

- Minitani.e nov. rroode. et non .u» pom. V j^^^^ ^jjf ^ ,^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^ 

The like before was scarcely ever knowm. over, if the action oe suffered Co vijmt tks 

Even Dr. Chalmers, the master of Mr. Ir- word which it accompanies. The nised 

vlng, ' the GamaTiel at whose feet he sat,' arm and the clenched fist may now aal 

hardly received such splendid and over- then have driven home the CruChs which 

whefaninff testimonies of applause. The fell from the lips of John Knoxt hut in Mr. 

tanks oT Ministry and of Op|)osition have Irving we desire to see a less firequtnC nst 

sent forth, not only their members, but of such gymnastic exercise, 
their champions, to mingle ' in unity and '* It must be admitted, at the same tamSf 

lurotherlv love,' on the ' benches,' over that the figure and fece of our preacher an 

hich the Preacher of the Caledonian Clia- well calculated to give eflSsct to an 



pel sends forth his voice, and spreads far wrought action. Of an almost coloasal 

and wide his 'Orations' and * Arguments.' ture, with raven-coloured hair, pale visage, 

The fervour (as was to be expected) has sunken cheeks, and dark eyes, MrTlrving— . 

eminently possessed the females of rank yet a young man — may be said to present 

and distinction. The giddy grow grave, the an original aspect to his congregation ; and 

timid become alarmed, and the sceptical possiblv it is that we frequently apprmm in 

doubt no longer. him what we could not endure in imother 

'< But, splendid and original as may be the equally-talented Divine. In other respects* 

talents of the preacher, the walk in which Mr. Irving his commenced a lof^ and a 

he has chosen to tread is limited. Mr. Ir- proud career. Throwing the dinnor invil*- 

ving preaches to the inUUectual world. The tions of Duchesses on one side, and thosa off 

Great Preacher of Israel chose the poor, the Countesses on the other, he has ivaolvady 

humble, the lowly, and the meek, as the most wisely, to stand on the pedestal of hia 

object of hit ministration. His answer to own imbolstered reputation ; and to imnnisi 

tlie disciples of John the Baptist is, afUr mankind with a conviction that there is no* 

all, the exact delineation or description of thing like independence of mmd and cfaane- 

tbe proper objects of Christianity ; and it ter. Or, whatever dependence ha aekaov- 

ooncluded with the impressive and comfort- ledces, it is that which only annoblaa hia 

able avowal, that * the poor h^ the Gos- high calling ; for he is, as are all Mniif 

pel preaclied to them.' Mr. Irving will take ters of the Gospel of Christ, an smbassador 

it in good part if we caution him against of the Most High. 

too ready and unqualified an admission of all «< In argument Mr. Irving rether uses ap- 

the < fine things' that are uttered of hisexer- peal, than has recourse to syUogism. lib 

tions. Let him beware of the fete of < pro- logic does not go directly to the head or 

digies' in this capricious lVIetr<)|Milis. Let heart. He rouses rather than convince*, 

him be assured that his con^Trpitiun, higli and amplifies rather tluin condenses. Hb 

or low, rich or poor, will wion cease to ex- whole tboughu and words glow and boni 

press wmdcr, and will treat hi:n exactly as with inconceivable rapidity and power. 

^Vhat 



KbVibw. — Po6le*8 Bf/tantium, ISK 

nj9 of JglhH Afriouiui written preface, that he lioped he had 

Oth book of hit Orstoriod Insti- not exprened " any sentinient which, 

f P«W« he ip^i«l to Mr. Iiriiig : in after years, might kindle the hlosh 

n Terboniin mmra^ et compo.i- of shame, or invoke the sorrowing 

Mj^nloiigior. J^ It mutt ^ear of penitence :" nor do we deem ft 

rootly cont^StSLd, lavol^JSTlSd ^"''^.^^1'^^'' we acknowledge 

Hb imm do n^t exhibit fine, ^^^ «*o'^iths^nding the allaiement 

nUbgrtheie it not the elegtnce jC^*?*^ •"^^•^t, he has fully adhered to 

ny, Bor the nettneu of Blair, nor "^* intention. 

Ir-wrougfat finithiog of White. '^^^ P^^m » founded on the fall of 
then there it a retemhUnoe to the Constantinople, and opens with the 
lee of Burke, end Mr. Inrmg it a devotions of the Mufti in the Turkish 
heolqgical Burke in more teniet camp on the evening preceding the 
; but he bat not the correctnest loss of the city, and concludes wiUi the 
icoitjr which distinguish that great success of the infidels. The chief in- 
potitical ethics. On the otiier cidents consist in the love of Theodo- 
ra it perhapt hardly any single to- gig^ daughter of Phrantre the histo- 
^ modern annals of the pest, ,i^„ ^^j g^j ^^ ^^ ^^ Moham. 

tSL^^'Jl^inl XT "^^ ^^ Turkish leader,-in the death 

■teaser eenerai eloquence ox writ' ^r rv a * >t. t? r^ 

fiTlrviSg'spubUoiionjandyet, «/ Dememus, the Emperor Constan- 

I eitn in the most rehement and ?«« « brother, who, vyhen djjng, con- 

aing periods, we notice tlie intro- »«»€« ^ Phrantxe his atuchment to 

f homely words, and quaint and Theodosia, — Constantine*s reproaches 

led phrases. to Justiniani, to whose cowaraice Grib» 

V J • t Tui 1 • :\. bon attributes the loss of Constantin- 

;;2r^de42i[-'H:^is^£ ople,-andin a quarrel, between^ 

he! Angelo cSa.apg.o of liVmg ^"[^"^ ^^^^ Notoras, and Justiniani. 

, He spares no clasps, no indivi- Seleem, in the last scene, which is 

bthions, follies, or censurable pur- ^7 ^bort, informs us of the suQcess of 

ot content with piercing the cuti- his countrymen, and that his own va* 

enetrates to the bone. Vauxhall lour had obtained the appUuse of the 

Ftrk, Robert Southey, Lord By- Sultan : he then overhears Theodotia 

Thomas Moore, figure almost in lament the captivity of her parents, and 

page, and are treated with similar the absence of* him (Seleem) who had 

Senators, poets, philosophers, gworn to love her in every vidssttude 

Ml, tre handled without « respect ^f fortune ; they meet, and he assures 

5' and the names of Locke, B<>yle. ^er of his unceasing affection, but 

»d Milton, are sometimes found ^^^^ ^as disordered her intellect, and 

.ooder from those of our liiessed u • . _ ^ u* • .u 

St. Peter and St. Paul. In one 5^/,^"^' /f "^" ' ? ^°V *Tr'' '^^ 

find Bums vmdicated, and in ano- ^^jl'^y. o*^,^" attachment, and diet. 
ommendaUon to the perusal of the Critically considered, Byzantium 

of the Nut-brown Rlaid." cerlamly has faults, both in lU con- 
struction and style ^ but as. they will 

'^ doubtlessly occur to the author as 

-, ,. „ _ well as to his rtaders, we shall merely 

["S^'Ii'/v ? i^^T/-^^ state, that we deem iu deficiency 

Richard roole. Student of the , . »• • . » *u • • i j "^ 

>M«/e. 8ix>. ;y. 142. Letts, >«. in dramatic interest the principal dc- 

]l^ feet : Its imperfections are, how- 
ever, redeemeu by its beauties. Mr. 

this period, when so many Poole has strictly followed the narra- 

tpirants to the favours of the live of Gibbon { and in some places 

ippear to imagine that they he has almost literally adopted the 

stent in proportion to the im- most striking |)astagcs of that elegant 

ir verses contain, — and that, to Historian. In the quarrel scene Im-. 

e flings of those who do not twecn Notaras and Justiniani, and in 

themselves to the doctrines of the different addresses from the Mufti 

r to the moralityof Don Juan, and Greek Patriarch to the Deity, we 

urest method of exciting; ad- consider the author to have been very 

l_it was no slight recom- successful. The following elegant new 

m of Mr. Pw>le's work to our dress is given in the former Vo aw oVd 

.nion^ to find in an eloquently simile : 

^^ Jutliniam. 



156 



Rbtibw.— Bp. Burnet's HMory of Ait Own Time. [ktf. 



*< Ai fijr myielfy I am eontent to bear 
Thy fHiBT tunUy tl^ ia&iitiiie ■lms€» 
H^meh shower tu rain vpon the monarch oak 
But io givegHUermg btkre to his leaves" 

P. 54. 

Theodosia and Seleem occasioDally 
speak in beautiful language; but we 
are sure a few years hence Mr. Poole 
will be aware that women, young, 
pure, and beauteous as his heroine, 
are not so well acquainted with the 
grosser feelings of our sex as he de- 
scribes her to be ; and once or twice 
we were sorry to sec (p. 12 and 15) 
speeches put in her lips, which would 
have been natural and quite in charac- 
ter in those of her lover. The extracts 
to which we must confine ourselves 
will, we are persuaded, justify us to 
our readers in altribuiing to Mr. 
Poole considerable talent, and much 
poetic power; his taste ap|)ears to be 
formed on the best models of anttent 
and modem literature, and in his notes 
he has shewn very extensive reading. 
Tliat his pen will not be idle, we are 
convinced, even in the teeth of his 
avowal that his profession alone is to 
occupy his attention, and from the ge- 
nius he has displayed in the poem be- 
fore us, we anticipate much gratifica- 
tion from the perusal of what may 
next emanate from a mind on which 
time and observation cannot fail of 
effecting all that it requires. 

««5Weewi. 
" Well wander through the cool and sha- 
dowy grovel, [air; 
Whose bovgbii distil tweet perfume on the 
Or cull from off some verdant bank, those 

Jlowers 
HHiich decorate rich Nature's holiday, 
And work her kirtle with embroidery" 

P. 17. 

To her father's mournful reflections, 
Theodosia replies, 

<<My&ther! is it right 
To bend, and more than meet the swelling 

storm; 
Is there no hope, which, like a star above. 
Shines out in consolation to the worn 
And weary traveller, lighting him on 
Through nls precarious, dismal pilgrimage? 
When man — all powerful, mighty, conquer- 
ing man, 
Falls — whether in the battle shock, proudly 
Contending for his injur'd country's rights. 
And as a giant, till o'ercome, 1>cncath 
The congregated force of Heaven — sinks 

down 
Magnificent in death, in ruin terrible ; 
Or calmly on his couch surreudcr^ up 



His spirit to his Maker—is he loii? 
And is there not taother belterirarid! 
Where the pore spotleea soul bImH nsgi 

Muooff [ikn 

Delights unknown, pleeewei VBtol( nd 
Throughout immeaaurable ycMiy^SHi- 

nity,— 
Enjoy the realms of PbnKfisc ?*' P. 41. 

In the following paiuge^ D^m0> 
trius contemplates deaths ;ind 
to his secret love for Theodosia, • 

''Death ia but apsis 
For spirits from this stormy world oiF wo 
To thai bright region where no bondi 

bind, 

Nor tyrant feelings interpose, no thoo^ili 
Of earthly sadness cloud the sky of bBn. 
How often have I seen a gallant heart 
Sicken beneath a secret malady, 
And day by dav the manly fbnn deestyy 
Sink down at last in silence, every pab Wr 

told; 
Just as a tardy sun-beam on the flower 
Fining away imseen, shines onty too late 
To save, still giving fragrance in its dnth: 
And dare I wliisper to my heart that nsf i 
Which even In the deadliest sorrow^ 'oud 
The agonies of death, could quick aUevisli 
And lengthen life awhile to saie upon 
That beauteous form, until the quhsrisg 

voice, 
The hectic flush, the cold chill, all tm^ 
The spirit from its fragile tenement." 

P. 66. 



36. Bishop Burnet's History pf his On . 
Time; with the suppressed Passages qfUa 
frst Volume, and Notes ly the EaAs 4 
Dartmouth. onifHardwicke, and Speaktt 
Onslow, hitherto unpublished. To wkiA 
are added, the cursory Rcnusrks <f Swifti 
and other Observations. 6 vols, Bvo. Ok- 
ford. 

THE publick are much indebted to 
the Curators of the Clarendon Pk» 
for this most acceptable production; 
which we conceive, from the iniltab 
at the end of the preface, I. M. R. to 
have been entnisted to the care of the 
learned President of Magdalen, "nie 
name of Routh is so deservedly dis* 
tinguished at Oxford, that we need 
scarcely say that the Editor hat well 
performed his allotted task. The notes 
are abundant in all the volumes ; and 
arc full of interest and information. 
Their character is thus accurately de* 
signaled by the Editor. Those of 
I^rd Dartmouth, as "abounding in 
curious and well -told anecdotei;'* 
those of Swift as "shrewd, cavotic, 
and ap|x»ite, but not written with the 
requisite decorum. '* Speaker Onslow t 

notes 



188S.] BaviBW.^-^SSr W. Bliaid's Hmiierim.OraiUm. 157 

Dota ''coDtaia nany incidental dis- and a cdmer behavioiir. Hk vmi know- 

euMna 00 political nilqects, and are 1«dge oooaiooed his frequent lamUiog from 

fCBHble and instruetife; whiht thoae the point ht wm fpeakuig to, whidi na 

of the Earl of Haidwicke are lo can« ^^ ^°^ diMxranet of to unhrend a nstunB, 

did and judicious, that one cannot but ^ *4". '^ "o w*** »<> he expected but 

wish them to hare been more nnme- ?°? ' ??'?'• °^ hi. strength and epirits, of 



was.- On thb subject, we shall only ^^*^ "^^^^ |?f ,^ • ^*^^ •^ *^ 

mnaik, that those of the facetioi^ I!!"! !!!w•S^^''''' ■^~°^~^ 
~ ' moat invmcibie astimuice. 



mere maiginal scribblinss, ,,, , , , * , 

ill homwr, for he tho- , We undenund that the copies 



in 



im'h^ M weif to haVomitt^ ^^"Tf among our'book collecton. 

Bsnj of them in the present work. # 

We are inclined to think highlv of 87. The Hunierian Oration: deiivend w 

Bp. Burnet *. He had strong feel- the Theatre qf the Royal CoUege qjf Sw- 

Sp, and strong prejudices ; but we gfom in London, ontheUlhday ofFdf* 

iere him to have been honest, sin« ruary, 1823. Bg Sir William Blixard, 

aw, and religious. He was a violent ^^' I^ident tf the CoUege, P.R.S. ,• 

pirt? man, at a lime when parties ran ^.* ^' ^ * ^' ^' ^-^^ i ^- R- ^- Got- 

fiofaitly high. He was a^hig in ^- ^TL^T/l^'fJ'^''^ 

principre, and hated both Roman Ca- f^' ^^^.^"^ ^''/^''S^"^ m 

Solics ^d Jacobites. But we will ^^,? ' !Zi^"7f^ '"^ *" ^ ^'^i" 

ITTw- ^ul •'™"'*^'^' , . i\j u ^i: "«* ^ ^** ^f Gloucester, and to the 

Bie his character, as sketched by the hondon Hoipital. pp,&6. mthanjp^ 

Eirl of Dartmouth, which may be pendix rf 10 pages. Rivingtons. 

cooMdcred as the more remar^ao/f, as rr^uTc 1 /v .• •» 1 

in another place, this same Lord calls ™^^ elegant Oration will be pe- 

Boraefs rfstory -the most partial, ruscd with much pleasure by every ad- 

aaEdous heap of scandal and mis- mirer of science and philantliropy. It 

lepraentation that ever was penned, embraces a satisfactorjr picture of the 

fcTihc Uudable design of givinga false "^'l'^ S- ^^^..^^We 'psiitution over 

inprtssion of person! and lliiu|s to fu- T^»^*^ ^" ^k* If TrS*'?.'? f"""^ f't 

turtures-*' sides, and with that liberality for which 

^ttTw' . r 1. **® " deservedly esteemed, commemo- 

"Bp. Burnet wb. . man of the most «- ,^^^ ^f ^ff^ illustrations dead, and 

r'L'ri^fgr^a^^^^ -r* -^^^<^ >-"grr-ts oh 

gioui memory; aid a ^ery indiflFerent judg- Y^"?S^- Nor are the benefaclors to 

lant; he was extremely partial ; and readity J."« >'*^rarv and to the world at large 

took efery thing for granted that he heard, forgotten by him. I'or example : 

Is the prejudice of those he did not like ; '* The eacemess with which the friends of 

iriiidi made him pass for a man of less truth science and numanity have stepped forward, 

dun he really was. I do not think he dc- to commemorate toe virtues and talents of 

apedly published any thing ke believed to Sir Joseph Banks, suggests to us the only 

be frise. He had a boisterous vehement offering wliich grateful minds can now make 

anner of expressing himself, which ofken to his memory — the silent homage of re- 

mde him ridicidous, especially in the House spect ! The extent and universality of his 

rf Lords, when what he said would not have labours, directed to tlie elucidation of every 

been thought so, delivered in a lower voice, department of natural knowledge, have been 

•"— — • '• expressed, in terms of generous praise, by 

* See a view of the House in which he the brightest ornaments of tho sciences 

nrided in Clerkenwell, vol. lxxxviii. L p. which he so richlv adorned." 

497 ; and a representation of his Monument " The death of'^Dr. Jenner will be lament- 

(■ov diagraeguUy &Iling into decay in the ed by all the world. His memorv will bo 

vaalt of the Church of St. James's, Clerken- eulogised to the end of time. Tno extent 

wdl), in the same vol. p. 118. We hope of the benefits of his discovery is yet only 

that the better taste of the present Rector in anticipation. The influential principle 

«i Churchwardens will remove it to a more of Vaccination may lead to a knowledge of 

hoDonrable place, out of respect to the analogous changes in tho human system. 

fiainence of the individual it commemorates. It has opened a new field for discovery, t<> 

MiDv interesting particulars of Bp. Burnet investigators of morbid actions, and prophy- 

tad nit fiunily will be found in our various lactic agencies. 

v n l— e t . See our OeaenI Indexes, vol, L ** Dr, Jenner was cducaud V) ^\iT^«\>j \ 

A/ Jii, S4, and was a diligent \>uyW uC l«\t, WmjoXai- 



1 5(1 P^ viB w.— 'Sir A. Edmonrtdne's Jomrney U Bg^t [Aq^ 

He enrichad natural kaowledgs with many ence of whtch» if toipcctedy had Ml 

curioui frcu and obaervationa : aavanl of been aatisfactorily atoertaincd. Il Kn 

which wan tha raiulu of aonMnmaotay oar* to the West oi the Quit li^p% 

fimnad at tha •vm»tm of hia friend Mr. ^hich commencct about tbe l^tak 

Hunter, at fccited in hia work on the am- of Theba. 

nal economy." Encouraged by the reprcaeatuioM 

Of the living members it might be of Mr. Belzoni, and stimulattd faj Ihi 

invidious in us to select one instance information that M. Drovetti Ind m 

where so many deserve notice ; and we out about three days before them %k 

therefore conclude with the author's the destined scene of their *^ 



brief summary of the Oration : Sir A. E. accompanied by hb 

> «<The principal endeavour, this day, has Messrs. Hoghton and Masten^ loHM 

been to concentrate and direct to java time in following him. They WM 

minds some of the widely spread rays of the provided with a letter to the G offenwf 

luminary Hunter t to you, respected bre- of Siout in Upper Egypt, the HMD- 

thren, belonga the more important work oC |aw of Mohammed Au Pkaha. He 

multiplying and reaecting them, by laboura j^ ^^^ fumUhed them with AM !• 

of science, to the honour of suigery, and ^^it Shehk of the Bedouina* whkh 

terian Oration is, « The hononr and advance- obscrvmg the manners of thoae wafr 

ment of Suigeiy.' lu honour has been de- <'«"J« ^''>« •-- . ^ ^ «^ ^ ,i 
fined ; iu advancement, thence, understood : " / *•■ ™««n surprised (nya Sr A.KJ 

and highly have th^ been exprassed, and •^ ^1^*' «««• of tfeatment el ayoi 

promoted, by Royal patronage and muni- "»'• As soon as il waa bom wnm 

iioeace, ^'^ struck its legs most onmenifiuly ^ 

" What act wUl satisfy expectant grati- **>« ground for some muntea. At A$, } 

tude on this memorable occasion ? What conceived this violence aroae frgm di^ 

is decorous on the part of subjects, in token pointment at some defect or definity, «i 

of their sense of benefiu conferred upon t*>»t ^W ^o«W in&lliblv k'dl It; haft it if 

science, and upon mank'md ?— Consonantly pe^fi tn«y t«*ted it thus roa^ bm^ 

with the practice of men of noble senti- fof ™ purpose of rendering the Jobli i^ 

menu, from an early period, to pUce a bust pl« ; and in a very short tima tha ' 

of the Sorereign whom they venerate, m>- ^ "hie to stand, ai^nceifa m 

propriately for grateful contemplation. The "o™ , **»« mother. Whea two or 

CounoU have, accordingly, by giaciotis per- months old the flesh u said to U food, «i 

mission, obtained a bust of the most iOus- »ne mUk of the female U veiy nwl n t ia w mi 

Uious Patron of this College ; executed by P»l»table. » 

that artUt who penetrates Uie very recessea " I^ l^w ^i^ asserted that the eaMTl 

of heart and* mind, and embodies their ex- P^^ never varies, but this b by ao aNHi 

pressions : and it does justice to the benig- **>« case. When fiesh m the BKinu^ if 

nity of the moat august Monarch George ■pproaching a placa where they aspect li 

the Fourth; whose bounteous encourage- nnd water, they quicken their atena aoaik- 

ment of learning, of the aru and sciences, derably, and flag in proportioa wham war 

and of works of humanity, is conspicuous, ried. To judge from waUung fay their bU% 

m the successful kbours, and the happiness ^ calculated that three milas as hr— ' " 

of hu subjecu, and in the glory of the na- '^^ort joumev, and somethug leaa in i 

tion !'* one, was a fair averaac, aa our — 

A but lightly laden. Not ia the o 

correct, that they only roac when w.^,._ 

38. A Journey to itvo qf the Oases ofVp- ^y ^ ^ whenever any bardcB b pa* ^ 

per Egypt. By Sir Archibald Edmon- ^1^^. but if they feel it too hmnTlhm 

stone, Bar/. Murray. wiU ^uently not rise from thair haaas til 

THE dangers that formerly beset part ia removed. Though oeoaaionally ^ 

the traveller in Egypt, have been les- cious, they are for the moat part gaada sad 

sencd since the rude sway of the docile, except about the OMmth of Ump 

Mamelukes has been succeeded by the **»«» tbey are very nnm a n yablt. ita 

more absolute povircr of the Turkish P*"'*' rfcndurinc &tigiiet wHh wUdi tUs 

Pashas ; and the Oases having been 'on^J^^^i •";™ » f^* *^ f* *?■ 

represented to Sir Archibald Edmon- T^"^' ^,B«J«««« fTUtT^^ 

stL as objects of curp^^^^^^^ ^^-"^^"^^^U 1^ 

mmed to avail hirost-lf of the change j4, ^ ^^ fo, ,,,^ ^ ^,^1^^ 

in ihc condition of Egypt and to visit Their faculty also of abataiaiqg fi»*iak. 

ihein. His parly was w) foriunaic as jng much exceeda what I hvl UB|^Bcd» fcr, 

to discover a fourth Oasid, the exist- on this occasion^ nearly 70 hoan risnsaj 

inNB 




18S3.] RsTiBW.— Sir A. Edinon8tone*B Journey to Egypt. 159 

Im cIm time they itaned to their arrival <' The w%t day the Shehk called on us 

m the 6nt well. Id their food they are early, and having oiFered himielf at a guide, 

mC BDch lesB ahttemions ; a ima]] pmpor- mounted one of our horses and accompa- 

1MB of chopped etraw and heam, or some- nied us to £1 Cazar, 4 miles and a half to 

Ams barley^ was all that was given to the North. The situation of this place 

ihMB daily. is perfectly lovely ; it u seated on an emi- 

•■Ota toe ISthy about noon, we passed nence at toe foot of the line of rock which 

fcrioBe ^tfttnft among hillocks resembling rises abruptly behind it, and is encircled by 

■tifiaial hnape. They seem exactly to cor- extensive nrdens filled with palm, acacia, 

nqpond with those Belzoni describes in his citron, and various other kinds of trees, 

Jonr to the more Northern Oasis, and some of which I ha 



t 



is, and some of which I had rarely seen before in 

be imagines, are the tombs of Cam- these regions." 
Wmb's amy : but I have little doubt of Westward they discovered an insu- 

aTSJIJ^"'' •• ''^ "" ^*^** •** late<l rock, perforated with caverns 

ei« Che desert. * _^ ., which had served as catacombs to hu- 

»W. ^^V^ "* ZTjl^AiV man mumtniw, now infested by jack- 
•s iv ae 70 or 80 miles from water and cut- „ u- u aI • a u ^.^ a ^ "i 

Mmu They are of a dmgysami colour, alls, which their Arab attendants re- 

■1, it ia worthy of remarC^ both here, ganled with a degree of relipious hor- 

iilb the desert of Suez, several species of ^^J- Tliree mik'S to the North they 

MMb, reptiles, and insects, such as hares, discovered the ruins of a temple called 

fandhants, (kc. have this peculiarity. The Daer el Hadjar : 

Act eppears to he sim'dtr to that which <c The edifice on the outside is 51 feet 4 

bsbaen observed in very Northern regious, iuches long, by 84 feet 8 inches wide. In 

jwe animals and birds become, during the firont is a portico of 8 columns ; three only 

■hiar months, white or grey." are standbg, and they in a mutilated state ; 

After journeying due South-west, as their circumference is 9 feet 6 inches, and 

*w conjectured about 178 English the space between 7 feet 7 inches: the two 

iiilcs, thiouffh the desert, our travel- ^^^ ^^^ Pl'**^^,"^^*"5^**^ **y, "?• 

lw.totheirgrcat joy. found Ihemsi'lves jot conwjted by a Imtel. T^ firrt cluun- 

H BdbU, tlfe first village of the WesU ^' » ^3 feet 9 mches, by 90 feet 8 inches, 

t^Ci-' ° supported by 4 pillars, 5 teet m diameter at 

i?*"' ^ . ^ ..the shaft. As much as is vUible of the 

"ITie geography of these remote dis- ^i, j, ^^^^.^ ^^^i^ ^^^^ ^^^ hierogly- 

ta« a not easy lo be understood from the pHic. This apartment opens into anoSer 

I ■fcyeis usage of the Greek word Oww. ^f ^he same width, but only 1 feet 4 inches 

. «Wi is synonymous with the Arabic El i^ng, perfecUy plain and unomamented, ex- 

j ftii», or El fTah, and is evidently derived gepting by the winged globe encompassed 

hta the saese source. The onginal mean- |, tu^ .erpent, the emblem of eternity, 

51B dearly defined, as implying • culti- ^hich U carved over the door. Beyond 

««ri spot m a desert; but the difficulty ^i^ chamber, and communicating with it, 

tvm OB OasU being frequently used m the ^ ^i,,^ smaller, parallel to each other, of 

. Misr number, to si^ify mdiscriminately ^^.i^h the middle one was the Adytum. 

«te one, or a collection of these isUnds. Here the walls are covered with figures and 

. . Magna and Parva, for instance, hieroglyphics, and much bUckened by the 

•t both composed of a certain munber of 1^ ^^ i„ th^ ^^jc^ „f ^j^, temple. 

Ms, yet many authors speak of them as The other two compartments are of the 

f there were but one in each, and among ^„e length as the centre, and 5 feet wide. 

othtn Ptokmy, when laying down their xbe roof still continues entire over these 

T**^ The Arabic geographers have given ^^ree chambers, which are lower than the 

lie ■BB0 of El Wahat to that portion of ^^^ ^f^ buiUing. 

the desert within which all the Wahs were li The temple stands doe East and West, 
unsed to Ke; and Major Rennell, in his R<,u„d i^^ ^t ^1^ IniervBX of 20 yards, are 
•eAon the Geography of Herodotus, com- ^he remains of a thick wall of unbumt 

ait to extend 850 miles from North to brick, and a gateway of stone facing the 
, and 150 from East to West. entrance. Besides the natural mjury thU 

They found the English a much structure has sustained from time and vio- 
Wtter travelling character among the lent winds, its ruin has been greatly accele- 
Bdonins than the Turkish. The na- "^ hy the Arabs in the forcible entries 
livei manifetted a very friendly dispo- *W *»»^« mtdejn search of treasure." 
lition to them, and the Shehk furnish- The following is a concise summary 
(d them abundantly with provisions. of the particulars they learned concern- 
Learing Bellata at 7 in the morn- in:; this £1 Ouah: — It consists of 12 
ns, th^ arrived at sunset at Abou- villii/^cs, 10 of which ate \vv\.\\u\ b ot ^ 
wk)agn, which lies due West of the miles of each other. A.\. tV\e euVxawc*. 

fmer place : of (he plain arc IkWala, aiv\d Tc\\\^i^» 

vfYvwdx 



]G0 



Rbvibw. — Gen. Ilapp*fi Memohn. 



m- 



which is now uninhabited. The cli- 
mate is variable in winter : sometimes 
the rain falls in torrents ; in some sea- 
sons there is none. Violent winds are 
preralenty and the Kamsin, (S.W.) 
the scouise of the desert, frequently 
blows in May and June. The plague 
is unknown ; but in the summer, fe- 
vers and a^es are general. The 
springs, which never vary, are all 
strongly impregnated with iron and 
sulphur, and are so hot at their sources 
that the water cannot be used until it 
has been cooled in earthen jars. The 
soil is fertilised by irrigation : the pro- 
duce is chiefly barley and rice ; dates, 
lemons, and citrons, are plentiful. 

''Iimsel informed ut, that there «ras no 
tlioronghfitfe through thu Oaab, and that 
he waa not aware of the existence of any 
other inhabited track beyond to the Westward. 
Some Arabs had lately endeavoured to ex- 
plore in that dnection, but at the end of three 
ilays had met with so terrible a whirlwind as 
to prevent their proceeding. He under- 
stood, however, that there was one towards 
the North, and that some years before a 
man, luiving lost his way in the desert, by 
clwnce found himself tnere, from whence 
he was 10 days returning; but that the 
route never having been since followed, con- 
tinued unknown. 

Not far from Tenida they met M. 
Drovctti, who was posting to the Oasis 
which they had just visited — so near 
were they to being deprived of the ho- 
nour of liieing the first Franks known 
to have seen it. 

Travelling South, South-east, and 
then East, they came on the 2d day to 
the ruins of the temple of El Amour, 
in the desert; and on the 4th to £1 
('ar^, the principal town of the Great 
Oasis. Sir A. E. reckons the disLmce 
of this place from Bellata to be about 
lO/i miles. 

We must refer our readers to the 
volume for the particulars of their vi- 
sit to the ruins of the temple of Cazar 
el Zlan, and the temple of El Carg^, 
our principal object having been to se- 
lect such passages as relate to the West- 
ern Oasis. 

Near to the temple of El Carg^, 
they found an ample Necropolis, con- 
sisting of 2iX) or 300 buildings of un- 
bumt brick, constructed for the re- 
ception of mummies, ranged without 
attention to regularity, and of various 
sizes or shapes; the greater number, 
however^ are square^ surmounted by a 



dome, similar to the imall nMMM 
erected over Shehks* tombi, hatng 
for the most part a oorridor rantiif 
round. Many have CoptiCp or pohifi 
Greek inscriptions, but written in a 
hand not legible, and a few Anfaica 
in all they found the Greek ctoh, and 
the celebrated Egyptian hi cnM[y| ife 
the crux antaia, which origiiuuqrii^ 
nifying l^e, would appear to be m&fh 
ed as a Christian emUeniy either htm 
its similarity to the shape of the eMUb 
or from its being considered the i^ 
bol of a state of future existence. 

The relations of antient writeit le- 
specting the Oases are added, and lOM 
omissions and inaccuracies of MM* 
Caillaud and Drovetti are pointed oik 

On the whole, this is a veiy iiili> 
restina and entertaining little vohitt^ 
though written very concisely ; and Ikt 
information it contains is no slight id* 
dition to our notices of ^gypt It b 
illustrated by lithographic prints. 

^ • 

39. Memoirs nf General Oauni Rwpt jM 
Aide-de-Camp to NapoJeon. JmHoi % 
Himself, and published by ku Jhai^f 
8ra, pp, 431. Colbum and Co. 

THE period comprised in this m^ 
lume includes a most interestii^ f$h 
tion of modern Histoiy, and, «rhateii( 
may be the opinion or posterity on ikl 
nature of the events recordea faj ikl 
pen of Gen. Rapp, who was himadf • 
prime mover in tnose transactioiHb yrt 
we cannot but confess that the penad 
of these Memoirs has afforded as eo»> 
sidcrable information and entemia- 
ment. The work in fact confirms ihs 
opinion of 1>. Johnson, that wmf 
man's life maybe best written byhin^ 
self* I for in every page we diseonr 
the tact and genius of the Author^ 
without disguise or deceit. 

Rapp began his military caicer in 
Italy, under Gen. Dessais, as LicoiSi 
nant in the 10th A^ment of Horn 
Chasseurs, and subuquendy fiw^ 
under the same Officer in lSmlL\ Si 
the battle of Sediman he was for Ul 
bravery promoted to the rank of Colo- 
nel, ana was honourably mentiooed 
in the despatches of the Gencialaii 
Chief. On the death of Dcmix, wIn 
was killec^at Marengo, Bonanutsap 
pointed hmi to a post abootnis Mll 
person, and from that time hb 



4 
J* 

i 






mm^ 



* See Boiwell's Johasooj voL I. y^ 1 1 
andldlery No. I. p.M. 



1011] RiviBW.— G«ii«rai Rnpp** Memoirs. i€l 

teM became more extended, and for- to lupport himself Bgainst the wrII of ilia 

laac appeared to smile upon him. apartment. He wai ovcrjxiweretf by the 

We recollect hut few inatancrs of weight of hit misfortune, lie acknowledged 

■realcr calamity, or which had a more *^* extremity to which he was reduced ; and 

Sial result upon the peace of the Con- ^~»"y *«'^ "»» ^ '^ prof isions in Ulm 

lioent, or the happiness of Europe, 7*" ?]?"^' "•' hi^weret, said, thu 

than the surrender of Mack, and Ke 2!Sf/l 'TJ"tn'oi •'' v^ Vl'^n 

^r* ^ •* .1 nentiac men, and SOOO invalids: hut all 

opture of Ulm. Concerning these ^f™ jaunged into the deepest confusion, 

teOraus events we here find a faiUi- ^ thVtlfery moment augn^ted the dan- 

M and lively deUU : ge„ of their situation. He added, all hope 

'■ I wu at the camp of Boulogne whan had vanished, and he therefore consented to 

aha ibird war with Austria broke out. Hie surrender Ulm, on tlie following day at 

Tnach were passing the Rhine. The rem* three o'clock." 

■^of U» eMm/. wmj, which h«I Ucn „„ ^^^^ surrender of Dantz.io. Gen. 

MBiCB and nearly cut to pieces, shut the 111- u • ^ j ^< r .i . 

almnpiBUfan, and they were immediately *V»PP ^?«. apnoin ted Governor of that 

mmmol^ to surrender. The account of JJft' /^'''^ V'"*. ""*"• ^^^'V""^^ »" 

Ais nerotUtiun, which was conducted by Chief; he had previously bwn en- 

E di Segur, so well pourtrays tlie confu- gaged in many bailies, and had rccciv- 

■oa aad anxiety of the unfortunate General, cd several severe wounds, 
te I cannot refrain fn»m inserting it here. " I had 1>een four times wounded in the 

AkM nine in the morning of the S5th,^ I first campaign of the armv of the Rhine, 



IB HSj^vvcaaivw. «a« »/w«^m«^w «jutw« ••- ano lo v/ ppcr jiigvpt, ncioni (nc ruin* m 

1, and I left him. He desired me, Thebes ; at the lia'ttlc of Austerlitz, and at 

boecrer, to attend him again ; and finding Golmin. I also received four other wounds 

tksti did not come at the very moment, ho at Moscow, as I sliall hereafter have «>cea- 

NBI Maislial Berthicr to me, with a writ- sion to mention. From Golymiu I was re- 

ka copy of the proposition which he wish- moved to War*aw. Napoleon arrived there 

eJ Be to indoce Gen. Mack to sign imme- on the U% of January, and he did roe the 

diitely. The Emperor granted tlie Aus- honour to come and see roe. 'Well, 

IriM GcaenI eight days, reckoning fnim Raup,' said he, 'you are wounded again; 

ih dale of the 9Ad, the first dapr of the and on your unlucky arm too.' It was the 

UNksde : thos their number was in reality ninth wound which I had received on my 

lefaced to six. Tlie object was to enter left arm ; and the Emperor therefore called 

n* speedily, in order to augment the it niy unlucky arm. — No wonder. Sire, said 

dwy of the victory by ita rapidity ; to reach I, we are always amidst battles. « We shall, 

Vinaa before the town should recover perhaps, have done fightiH*:,' he replied, 

fton the shock, or the Russiau army could < u'hen we art eighty years old.'* 
U in a situation t«» act ; and, finally, our g^^j^ ^^^ ^^^^. ^n(cc\\n^ ronerli<»ii of 

prernKins were beginning to &.I us, which Buonaparte, npon visiting his devoled 
■■8 souther reason for orinns us on. ■ . . ■ . -- ... 

"Mack, on finding that hi. position was compiinion in nrins, who was wnihing 

uned, conceived that bv throwing himself ""^^r the aponics of his wouiuls, and 

irtD Ulm, and remaini4' there, lie could who dart-d not lo express Ins sfiiti- 

Aaw the Emperor beneath the ramparts, nienls frcily in the proscnrc <»f a Ty- 

vhoa he hoped to deuiu him, and tlius fa- rani, whose whole life was occupied 

vow the fligtktof his other corps indifferent in desolation and war. 
JRGiMMis. He thought he had sacrificed Among the many plans devised hy 

hinself, and this idea served to uphold his Buonaparte to ruin the trade and coni- 

CQoage. On the 27th, Gen. Mack came merce of this country, thai known hv 

to ite the Emperor at Elchingen ; all hU j^e " continental svstcm " was the 

•Ihriona had vanished. His Majesty, to ^^^^ ridiculous ; and in the twentv- 

eoraee him of the usclessnes. of detain- ^^^^^j ^^ ^j. ^j^j^ ^^^^^^ ^^.^ ,.,;^, 

ueiB loneer before Lim, described to him > • ^i • 

dTtbeho;^ of hi. situiltion. He assured ?" ^^"""^ ^^7, '^'' V\^^''l .'''' ^•"- 

liiB of our suceets on every point ; informed <"rced by Oen. Rapp ai I );mlzic : 
Mb that Wemcett's corps, all his artillery, '* I received orders to commit all artii-li's 

■■d cvht of his Generals had capitulated, of English merchandise t<} the flames. 'Hiis 

ikift ue Archduke himself was in danger, measure would have been mmt disitstrous : 

■ad thai no tidings liad been receited of the / evadetl it, and notwithstanding; the pres- 

RoHiaaa. All this intelligence came like sure of tlie offirora of the Cust(»ms, Dant/.ig 

s thvoder-bnlt on the General in Chief: l<»st no more than what amounted u^ V>ki^ 

his strength fiiiled him, and he was obliged hundred fraiics, and KoquWt^ bVlvWV^k^. \ 
Surr. AIag. /iugus/, 1823. ^\ 

9 



162 Miicellaneous Reviews, G^«g< 

flo not speak of the mtrch»TuUz« procuitd army in Alsace ; after tlial glorkm 

bj captures." victory, he ^\t uii his comman), 

Theconcluding chapter brings down made his peace with his Smereign, 

the events of the late war to the battle and thus found leisure to write thoc 

of Waterloo, at which period Rapp Memoirs, 
held the chief command of the Frcncii 



40. Thb tngtdj ci The Duke of Mantua, castle clandaitinaly, is reported Co bs s 

from the masked portrait of Lord B^rooi si>ectre. Isabel hiid been carried off faj a 

llw dedication to Lady Byron, aud the im- treacherous rival ; and after a variety of sd- 

print of Thomas Davison, a obviously in- ventures and liair-breadtli esci^esy m war 

tended to pass off wm the production of the ceeds in rescuingher ; when they are cvea- 

Noble Poet ; but as his Lordship would ne* tnally united. Tliis novel certainly poi- 

ver resort to sudi measures, it is useless to sesses much merit, and, allowing for a Ipt 

attampt to expose the delusion. However, trivial inconsistencies, is calculateid to eieita 

it is but justice to the unknown writer to a powerful interest in tha mind of thi 

state that the plot and the seatiroents of the reader. ■ 

piece may fairly claim some alliance to his 43. Short and Plain Discouneifir At 

Lordshm^s productions. Although desti- Use of Families, bv the Rev. TwMiii 

tute of^ those snarkPrng poetical touches Knowles, recommend Works, but aa thi| 

which occasionally distin^ish the lucubra- ought to be, practical exhibitioDS of Fsidb 
tions of his Noble Prototype, still the work ■ 

displays many fine and vieorous passages. 44. Shampooing, by S. D. MahohiQi k 

The story, the moral of which is highly ob- a statement of the results of tha iDAi 

jectionable, is one of a criminal passion, in- system of Shampooing. Tha author sp* 

dulged by Andrea, the Duke of Mantua, for pears to be a very industrious man. lu 

Hermione. She returns it, and discards patronage has lieen most fashionable mi 

Carlos, who is enamoured of her. The ca- extensive, and the success of bis ipstM 

tastrophe is tragical in the extreme. such as to merit encouragement. 

41* Ringan GUhmsc, by the author of 45. Mr. Hughes has pnblisbcd Sf]^ 

the " Annalf of the Parish," &c. is an his- Views in North and S«mtD Walea^ 



torical novel, scarcely inferior to the pro- the title of ^* Beauties of Cambria" Thn 

ductions of the <* Author of Waverley." It are drawn and engraved in Woody ia a itp 

presents, with admirable fidelity, the history which confers very considerable credit si 

of the Scotch Covenanters. Kingan is the the Artist. They form, iudeedi wm w 

hero as well as the narrator of the import- cellent specimen of the perfection to wUA 

aut events recorded. The Work abounds the art of engravinc on wood hat arrived is 

with the most vivid description; and the this country. Each view is accompnid 

author throughout rivets the mind to the by a concise de&cription. 

narrative. The feelings he excites are the 

feelings of Scotsmen, as connected with the 46, Mr. C. H. Adams, of Fdmnnfh 

glorious struggles of their ancestors for re- has published a Copper Plata EviMMfi 

ligious freedom. The novel o])ens at the upwards of five fiaet in lengths expaatlDiy 

period when the Reformation was introduced ot the S<^ar System, and accompanied t| 

into Scotland, and closes at tlie battle of a letter-press description. From tha fqp* 

Kinroric, in which the infiunous Clavor- tity of paper occupied in giviiur tha tiat0 

house was slaiu. Here Rincan, who took a tlieir relative distances, we believa tha l^ 

cons])icuoiu part iu the fight, emphatically thor to be a much better friend to ibi 

exclaims, *' llie fortunes of tlie papistical wholesale stationer than tha JuveaiW sir 

StewarU are foundered for over. Never dent. The f»ct is, tliat one hour's iqnec 

again in this land shall any King, of his tiun of a model, or a single visit |o Oifr 

own caprice and prerogative, dare to violate Walker's A«tronomlcal LectureSf woa|d \0 

the conscience of the people.*' Such is of more service than a month's spplififiitl 

the tone of feeling throughout. to Mr. Adams's inconvenient rmtiam, 

42. Uahclde Barsas is s traditionary novel 47. The Reputlie ^ tkt AnU^ Jy tt# 

of the twclfih century. The scene of the Author of the ** Monarchy qf Ike Eces^^^if 

plot is laid in France. Philip de Montfort an elegant and interesting Poem. Tha apiM 

is enamoured of Isabel de Barsas ; but they arc remarkably antcrtainii^, partieaUv 

are tlie representatives of twu houses that those of tlieir tacticks (p. 81, se;.), iiIMl 

liavc l<m^ nurtured an hereditary enmity, resemble the warfare of hiunaa lavips* 

He visited tlie Holy I<And to avenge a fa- They absolutely fight to make slaves oC.iba 

ther's death, and is sujiposed tu be a&sos&i- prisoners of war, our ancient custovi (fCt 

natcd. Kclurniiig in disguise, he wons his p. 82); aud are cannibals, &c. 
Isabel ; ami, beiii*; observed to visit the LITE- 



m-] i 16S ) 



LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. 



Ready fir Puhlieatian, Kxchuiges of Beiigal» with i^pendix of . 

A CoUectioD of Criticums on leverd of Accounts and Estimates. By G. A. Prim- 

tht BMMt Ifannd and inporta'at wcwka which ^^Pt ^'4* 

inmied on the Continent (including a few The FamUjr Oracle of Health, or Maga- 

bdish woricB also,) from 1665, Uirough *•»« »' Donicitic Economy, Medicine, and 

tk course of the but century. It U en- ^<^-*»ji°fi- ^yj^'^' ^*^*'-"'» ^•^- *^- 
Mad "Cimeli*;" and is hy the Eilitor of TJie Resulu of Experienoe in the snc- 

l« Utcrviaf, (see GenL Mag. xcii. ii. p. «e»»^"J treatment of Epilepsy, and other 

ISO.) U ia a Collection of ExtracU from «*««• Nenrout Disorders. By T. I. 0»a- 

*e Fieneh Literary Journals, choaeu out «am, M.D. Also, by the same author, 

dman dian 1000 Tolumes. It consisu Obsenrationi on the nature and treatment 

rf about ISO articles. of the prevailing Disorders of the Stomach 

A History of the Siege ol Londonderry wd Liver. 
mi Ddfenoe of Enniakillen. With Histo- Fernanda, or the Hero of the Times, 

lied Poetiy and Biographical Notes. By A Novel. By M'lss Ahne Braniby. 

iIm IUv. John Graham, M. A. author of 

Ae « Annala of Ireland," " King's Vision," Preparing fir PubUeatim, 

Ic Hor« Momenta Cravenae, or tlie Craven 

A Dissertation on the Fall of Man ; in Dialect, exemplified in two Dialogues, be- 

vkidi the literal sense of the Mosaic Ac- tween Farmer Giles and his Neighbour 

flOHt of that Event is asserted and vindi- Bridget ; to which is annexed, a copious 

Med. By the Rev. Geo. Holdkn, M.A.8vo. Olossuury of the Dialects of Craven, in the 

Bishop Marsh's Theological Lectures, West Kidiug of Yorkshire. 
Art 7. (On the Authority of the Old A History of tlie English Stage, from 

ToCunent.) the Refurmation to the present Time ; con- 

Scripurv Names of Persons and Places, taining a particular Accouut of the Theatres 

fcttliarly explained ; intended as a Comjia- tlwt have been erected at different periods 

■ioB to the Reading of the Holy Scriptures, in the Metropolis. By H. V. Smith. 

Bshop HalFs Sacred Aphorisms, select- A Critical Analysis of the Rev. £. Irving's 

H and arranoed with the Texts of Scrip- Orations and Arguments, &c. 
Ma to which they refer. Bv Richahd- The Spaewife, by the author of Ringau 

BiiJDK!CELL ExTON, Rector of Athelingtun, Gilhaize. 

Sifdk. An Engraving of the curious Brass of 

An Epitome of Locke's Essay on the Hu- Anne Fleming at Newark, (date 1361); 

■BB Understanding, in Question and Answer, by Mr. W. Fowler ; with an account of it 

IVvotional Exercises, extracted from Bi- by Mr. £dw. James Wilson, of Lincoln. 
Aop Patrick's Christian Sacrifice ; adapted Outlines of Midwifery, developing its 

to the present Time, and to general Use. princiules and practice ; iutendcd as a Text 

1^ Lctitia-Matilda Hawkins. Imok tor Students, and a book of reference 

The Strmcification of Alluvial D<'posits, for Junior Practitioners. By I. T. Con- 

■d the Crystallization of Calcareous Sta- quest, M.D. F.L.S. 

ketites ; in a Letter to John Macculloch, A Panoramic View of the City of Edin- 

M.D. &c. By H. R. Oswald. burgh and surrounding Country. 

A Guide to the Giant's Causeway, and Memoirs of a Captivity among the In- 

TIfHth-east Coast of Antrim ; illustrated by dians of North America, from Chtldhoo<l 

bgiBvings after the desicns of G. Petrie, to the Age of Nineteen : with Anecdotes 

W|. By the Rev. G. N. Wright, A.M. descriptive of their Manners and Custom*. 

A small Edition of Plautus*s Comedies, By John D. Hunter. 

ii continuation of the Regent's Pocket 

Classics, and also an improved Edition of An urn of Roman pottery, highly burnt, 

AiDSwurt fa 's Latin Dictionary, in 4to. By was recently discovered by some workmen 

Dr. Carey. of Mr. Grey, of Miifield Hill, near Wooler, 

Part I. of a new and beautiful Edition in removing a mass of large stones that ob- 

of Damin's Greek Lexicon to Homer and stnioted the ploughing of a field. — It is 12 

Rndar, to be completed in eight Monthly inches in diameter ; cylindrical for 8 inches 

PWti. from the bottom, which part is impressed 

A Memoir of Central India, including with a wavy pattern; it then terminates 

Wilwa and adjoining Provinces, with the in a cover about 12 inches high; and would 

Bblmy ud copious Illustiations of the hold from four to five gallons of water. The 

Bast and present Condition of tltat Country, urn was set upon a flat stone four feet be'> 

■y Major-gen. Sir J. Malcolm, G.C.B. low the surface. A W^ fik\ Mm^-%VM% 

JUamrisM oo the ExtemiJ Commerce and was carefully placed ovat 'W \ iaa4 «\»via 1^% 



164 



Liiarary iHUlttgrniea, 



An ftccunubtion uf whinttonMy from 80 to 
300 cart IomIbi ■oma of them uf s large 
sue. The am contained a qtiantity of sdfi 
(liut of a brown colour* and many small 
pieces of bonea not completely consumed 
by fire. Those of the head are the most 
entire., especially l>arts of the skull and jaw 
bones in which, although the teeth are 
quite gone* the sockets remain. — ^Die urn 
is in the poMetsion of Mr. Grey. 

A Narrative qf an Erpedition of Major 
Lang ffid Party to the Ruckij MauntainSy by 
order of the Government of the United 
States, has been published in America* in 
two 8vo Tolunaes, with an alias* geological 
sections, and views. The successful execu- 
tion of this enterprise reflects credit on all 
parties concerned, llieir commission in- 
cluded the geography and physical features 
of the country* details of botanv* zoology, 
geology* and mineralogy* &c. The account 
of a vast sandy desert for 500 miles from the 
feet of the Rocky Mountains* presents a 
frightful waste* scarcely less formidable to 
men and animals than the desert of Za- 
hara; and we admired and sympatliized the 
toils and perib of the adventurers* who 
were near 8tar\-ation, and on the pohit of 
being overwhelmed by Barbarians. 

M. Lecbaudi- d*Antsy* of the Royal Aca- 
demy of Caen, has issued a prospectus, an- 
zuiunclng a tnuislation of Dr. Dncarel's 
<* Anglo-Norman Antiquities." The work 
\% to appear in six monthly Parts. In his 
address the translator states , that Ducarel 
ii cited by all Frencli Antiquaries, and par- 
ticularly the Abb^ de la Rue, in his histori- 
cal Essays tsn Caen ; and this he conceives 
u» be a sufiicicut apology for undertaking 
tike work. 

Return (f Mr, Rask from Asia, — Pro- 
fessor Rask, «»f Copenhagen, set out on a 
journey to Asia six years sgo* chiefly to 
investifi^ate the relations which exist* or 
whicli have existed, between the languages 
of India and Persia on the one hand* and 
tiioflc of the Gothic and Germanic nations 
on the other. 'Jliis learned person liad pre- 
vionsly published an excellent Anglo-Saxon 
Grammar, and an Icelandic Grammar* also 
well rrceivwl. Having travelled through 
Swf^len and Russia, he stopped at I'iflis, in 
(re4Trgia, made numerous excursions into 
Persia, whence from Bassora Ut Calcutta* 
and afterwards traversed Indostan in various 
difections . so that we may expect a very 
learned work from him. V\'e think, how- 
evff»r, that a journey hj way of Susdal (in 
Russia), Orenburg* Kaschgar, and Great 
Uocharia, would be us^'ful to complete the 
researches which may bo mode in our <lays, 
into the oncioiit conuexions lietween Asia 
and the North of Europe. Mr. Rask has 
brought with him a great many mamnoripts 
iu Siuiscrit, Zend, Hcngala, and Persian* 
iinscMy whit^ un four oo^jies of the Zedida* 



vesU, very dlflferent from that whieli 
quetil translated. lie has made n 
in the Bull writing* as wall as into 
neiform writing of Babylon and Pw 

One of our Paris Letters sayi 
lovers of the Arts, and especially 
are indebted to M. Henry de Late 
a new publication* designed to exhi 
series of engravings* the statues 
reliefs of Canova* now possessed by 
proprietors, and scattered over 
countries. This work Is entitled * 
de gmvnres au trait, d'apr^s les St 
les Bas-reliefs de Canova." Each 
ing is accompanied by an explanatio 
historic notice of the sculpture rep 
There will be twenty livraitnns, ei 
toining five engravings. A tivraii 
apjiear every month. (Tins must 
Mr. Moses s excellent work iu £ng 

It is said that several of the mot 
Jews resident in Paris intend to cc 
tlie publication of a periodical work, 
to the moral and social instnictioi 
vlduols of their own religious pc 
In Germany there are already two 
this description — the "Jeudedia," 
Hornemann* at Berlin* and the 
with," by M. Frenkel, at Dessau. 

Rocking Stones. 
In the town of Durham, in Nei 
shire in America* is a rock comi 
weigl) 6*0 or 70 tons. It is a detacn 
of coarse granite* about IG feet dii 
top, and nearly round, averaging m 
in thickness. Formerly the wiu 
move the rock, and its vibrations 
plainly seen. It was easily moved 
hand, till some four years since, 
from Portsmouth in America, with 
rous curiosity, of which it is hoped 
now ashamed, visited it, and aftei 
hours labour, succeeded in moving 
its balance by levers. The rock can 
be moved. Other rocking stones 
rica are iu Putnam County, Nev 
one from 16 to 20 tons, in Andov 
Hampshire ; and a smaller in Ashb 
Massachusetts. Both the two laai 
easily moved several inches by th 
but their appearance is uninterestir 
pared w ith the former situation of ( 
at Durham*. — Similar rocking at 
found in England, particularly the ct 
Loggan stones in Cornwall (see 1 
History, and Lysons's Account of d 
Rocking stones are supposed by 1 
broke (iu his "Encyclopedia of . 
ties," now in course of publicatic 
lutve been used in divination, the vi 
determining the oracle ; or from thei 
when violently pushed and reverl 
tW they were suited to alarm the 

• FVom Pri^sor Sifliman*s A 
Journal of Science and Arts* in whi 
IS a fk^^R* of t&%( Uw^ iXl^w^vuBu 



W13 



Literary InUUigenee. 



161^ 



■M the approach of aa enemy; or, u 

in n a puiage round them, that mbc* 

itf wu icqiiired by penmbulttini; them i 

Alt the cevity «m • wnctuery for offenderfy 

hi iatroducuig proeelytes, people under 

TCvt, or goini^ to aecrifice, or for the 

CflMwliDcnt nf oracular aaawers. Amtmg 

tia OreekSf they occur mm funeral mouu- 

■caU; and, like barrows in that natioo, 

day Mve placed upon the edge of the 

tm, IB wder to be conspicuoui. There ie 

t liigalar oonforraity to the Greek cuttom 

■the bJhnrinj^ paaioge of Ouian : * A rock 

\ndM ahnr the coasts with all its echoing 

•lad. On the top u the circle of Loda, 

the RMMsy 9kme of power :* and again, * The 

Kifag of S<ira is my ton ; he bends at the 

dM( 4/* my power.* It appears, according 

to the tame authority, that the bards walked 

raond the stooe singing, and made it move 

' MSB ocBcIe of the fiite of battle. That at 

StBottm in Gloucestershire, evidcutiv in (ir* 

fa to be conspicnoos, is placed on tlie nose 

«f a promontory, loftier tlum tlie neigh- 

bssrifl^ heights. ' 

LsMSDOwiff Manuscripts. 

A Cstalogue of the " Lansdown Manu- 
nipCs" has been printed by authority of 
tin Royal Commission on Public Records. 
TIm fnhee contains many intereMting par- 
li cshri . Tliis collection of manuscripts 
m purchased in 1 807, by a vute of Par- 
laacttt, of the representatives of the then 
bie Marquis of Lansdown, for the sum of 

msL 

Tlie Catalogue b divided into two parts— 
the first consisting of the Durghley papers 
«1t, tlie second comprehending the re- 
Buder of the manuscripts in general, in- 
cludiB; the Ciesar and Kennet jMpcrs. Of 
the Bnighley papers, one volume contains 
cupiM of Charters, &c of an early period; 
but the remainder, amounting to one hun- 
dred sod tweuiyone volumes, in folio, con- 
Mt ef State jiapers, inters])ersed with mis- 
ftllaocoas Correspondence during the long 
ntfrik of Queen Elizabeth ; and among these 
4 the priaiU Mtunoramlum Bfntk of Lard 

&clusi%e1y of the larger series, this col- 
'eotion of manuscripts comprehends many 
tiluable works on different sulijccts. In 
Briiish History, Topo^^rajiliyi and .Jurispru- 
dence, the collection is particularly rich. It 
cnatatns a beautifully illuminated manuscript 
iif Hardyng's Chronicle^ as it was pr«»sent«d 
bir its suchor to Henry VI. It deserves es- 
pedaJ notice, it was formerly Sir Koliert 
rottun's, and it differs from the printed co- 
llies cif the Chronicle (which come down to 
Kdwsrd iV/s time) so much as not even to 
sifcait of coHation. Also, a fair transcript 
t£ the Chronicle of AiiHmc of tf^yntwvn ; 
sail three volumes of original Correspund- 
cace, (he 6nt containing iLetten wntteu hj 
KuvaJ, NvUe, Mod^auaeat peraooM vfGnfMt 



Britain, from the time of Henry VI. to the 
reign of his present Maiesty. The most 
important document, in the other two vo- 
lumes is, the memorable Letter of Lady 
Jane Gray, as Queen of £ngland, to the 
Marquis of Northampton, requiring the al- 
legiance against what she calls " the &yneJ 
and untrewe clayme of the Lady Mary, bas- 
tard daughter to our great uncle Henry th' 
eight of fiimous Memorye." There is like- 
wise a valuable Treat ise on the Court of Star 
Chaml'er, written in the time of King 
James the Vxni and King Charles the Firstt 
by William Hudson, esq. of Gray's Inn. — In 
Biblical learning the collection contains two 
volumes of particular interest. One is a 
fine manuscript of part of the Old Testa- 
ment, in English, as translated by Wick- 
lifFe ; the other u a volume elegantly writ- 
ten on vellum, and illuminated, containing 
part of a French Bible, translated by Kaoul 
de Presle, or Praelcs, at the command of 
Charles V. of France ; a version of extreme 
rarity even in that c<mntry. There are also 
some fine classical manuscripts : amongst 
them %. facsimile of the celebrated Virgil in 
the Vatican Library, made by Bart<Mi ia 
I64S. In poetry, beside two beautiful mar 
nuscripts or the fifteenth century, on vel- 
lum, one containing the Sonnets rfPetrarchf 
tlie other the Comedia ofDante^ there is a 
very fair and perfect copy, also on vellum^ 
of the Canterbury Tales of Chaucer, writ- 
ten about the reign of Henrir V. ; in the 
initial letter of which is a full-length por- 
trait of the author. Likewise a volume^ 
partly on vellum and partly on paper, being 
ji Collection of the Poems qf John LytlgatM 
Monk ofBury, many of which have never 
been printed ; and an unpublished poem, by 
Skelton, eittitlcd The Image qf Yypoeresye^ 
believed to be the author's autograph. And 
there is a v<}lume containing twenty very in- 
teresting Treatises on Music of the fifteenth 
century, originally belonging to John Wylde, 
Precentor of Waltham Abbey, and afierwards 
to Thomas Tallys, organist to Henry VIII.; 
a manuscript volume that has been particu- 
larly noticed and commented upon by Sir 
John Hawkins and Dr. Bumey, in their re- 
spective Histories of Music 

Buonaparte's Books, &c. 

July 23. The Library of Buonaparte 
was sold by Mr. Sotheby, in Welhngton- 
street. A considerable number of bidders 
assembled, and Mr. Sothsby commente<l 
on the curimity of books which had be- 
longed to such a character. The books luul 
the additional recommendation of brief mar- 
ginal notes, in the lumd-writing of Buona- 
parte himself. They did not, however, rise 
to such high price* as might be expected, 
notwithstanding these notes and the perti- 
nent remarks of the auctioneer. Buifoa'a 
Works, with 9,.^00 plates, in \<n if\i\a. «(X\ 
fur il4/. I9i. 6tf.i Cuirm\KiniA«iiOb VcVaaam 

\\\ioua^uMa 



166 



LUerary Intelligence^ 



Buooa|iMte ami Ftirci^ Courts* &c. 7 voli. 
9/. ; Lft Cnux't Coune of Matlicinsilcs, 9 
volt, tx bL 10*. — at tlia end of tlie volume 
which conuina the Algebra, there are three 
nagea of calculations by Napolean : the 
Frencli Theatre, 50 volumes, for 8/. \Os,Bd.\ 
Servan's History of the Wars of the Gauls 
and French, 7 vols, for 10/. 10s. ; Vulney's 
Voyage in Syria and £gypt, 9 vols. 53/. Us.; 
Bruce*s Voyages, in 5 vols, with an Atlas — 
tlie tracings and notes on the mi^ are by 
Nqioleon. Strabo's Geography, trans* 
lated from the Greek, 8 vols, royal 4 to, 
Hi. lOi. ; Denon's Voyage in Egypty 2 vols. 
— 4ome of the plates are torn out, and it 
contains eorrtctions bv Ni^Ieon, and the 
plao of the battle of Aboukir, traced by 
nimaelf, 17L A Description of Egypt, 
published by order of Napoleon, 84/. Ids. 
Several letters, signed by Buonaparte, for 
variooa sums, none exceeding !/. IGs. His 
walking-stick, funned of tortoise-shell, of 
aii extraordinary leogtli, and a mnsical-head, 
fur 88/. 175. As 200/. was once offered for 
this stick, it was probably bought in. If 
all these articles had been offered for sale at 
a former period, tliey would probably have 
reached to a much higher price. 

M. Bblzoki. — We are concerned to 
state the &ilure of M. Belzoni's intended 
jouniey across Mount Atlas to Tombuctoo. 
Bv a letter from that traveller, dated Gib- 
nltar, SOth June, he states his having met 
with an unexpected stop to his progress 
frcHD the Emperor of Morocco, through 
whose country he wished to pass. Mr. B. 
attributes his fiulure to some intrimies, Imt 
•dda, ^ they are woefully mistaken who 
think that they can turn me back with one 
blow. The only consequence of this re- 
verse ia, that owing to wlint I Imvc gathered 
of information, I shall be able to proceed 
with better prosjHSCts in another quarter; 
and by the time you receive this, I sitall 
probably be one*third of my journey further 
S«ath than I liave been in my last route.*' 

Penmanship. — So many accounts have 
lately been given to tlie public of extraor- 
dinary small writing, that we ore ajiprehen- 
sive perfection will shortly Ije outvied in this 
art. We feel pleasure, however, in stating 
tlie following wtmderful performance of Mr. 
Creeie> of Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire, 
which exceeds every attempt yet recorded 
of any individual, and diallcnges the grcat- 
tst enorta made to excel in this branch of 
art. The gentleman alluded to has written, 
without any abbreviation whatever, and 
wtthont the assistance of glasses, in a square 
of 8^ inches, the first 77 Psalms, with 31 
verses of the 78th Psalm ; comprising 99,004 
lettera. — In the centre of the square is the 
apace of a sixpence, which contains, in addi- 
tion, the Lord's Prayer, Creed, Ten Com- 
mandments, the 98d,' 100th, 117th, 130th, 
ISUh, L36th, Mod 1 36th PMims, name. 



age, place of abotlc, Ike. €OBipri«i 
letters, making 898 17 lettera mo 
space of a sixpouce^ and li«4i 
more in the square of 8^ incbaa 
was written by Mr. Beedell i** 
space ; so that the total number 
written in the whole space i 
105,951 ; within the square is I 
scntation of David playing on the 
tiuctly visible, formed l^ the shai 
writing. We may add to tliia. 
Creese offers to prove the reality < 
has per&>rmed, and which on a s 
iq»)iear8 incredible, by writing ia 
sence of any gentleman or party^ « 
be desirous of having ocular don 
of the fact above stated. 

CoWPER*S POEMI. 

Mr. Johnson, the bookseller^ in 
Church-yard, obtained the co| 
Cnwper's Poems, which proved 
of great profit to him, in the 
manner : A relation of Cow|)er 
evening, at dusk, on Johnson, w 
die of these poems, which he 
him for puldication, provided 
print tlicm at his own risk, ai 
author ha\e a few copies to gi 
friends. Johnson |H?rused, and a; 
them, and accordingly printed and 
thein. Soon afler tliey Iiod appea 
the jmblick, there n-as nut a rev: 
did nut load them with the most 
abiuc, and condemn them to tl 
shops. In consequence of the p 
being thus terrified, or misled, tbi 
ing effusions lay in a comer <^ 
seller's shop as an unsaleable pile 
period. Some time afterwards 
person appeared, willi anotlier 
manuscripts, from the same authi 
were offered and accepted, upon 
terms. In this frcsih collection « 
imilablo poem of The Task, Nc 
at the fate of the former public 
thoroughly assured, as he was, 
great merit, Mr. Juhnson resolvi 
lish them. Soon after they had 
the tone of tlie reviewers instanti} 
and Cowj>er was liailed as the n: 
his age. The success of this ae 
lication set the first in motion, 
son immediately reaped the firuiti 
daunted judgment. 

Tub Orkneys in Pawn 

< A curious circumstance,' says ] 
*was mentioned to us in Norwv 
nard Anker, of Christiana, * • • ! 
tis that Great Britain holds th 
Islands only in pawn. Looking 
old deeds and records belonging t 
nish Crown at Copenhagen, h 
found that these islands were 001 
England in lieu of a dowry for 
Princess, married to one of ou 
K\ng%, uyoQ couidkV^A!(m >&Mib ^ 



] 



JrU «m.i j« 



i«r 




it \s 



foe 



ice cc iIm OziacTt.' 






ARTS AND 

r J, 4, S. Ndlekiw hu ]tft hehk^ 
■■•» JttinJJy high ia the aaaab 
■k art. He ««*i ta the priaie of his 

■ Empenr of bost-^iiiciiCfs. &cca 
■I appnnch hia ; and fiuiU raerv- 
fffiisitt tolcoti chieA; for suhjeccs 
nl iUgstntioo. Fbuaa had* and 

■ Mas biai; aud* viih •abmusioo 
■Uf A glorioui biu it is. Perh«|ii 
I ii KoUckias' vorb, which maie 
klid uBpffeisioa oa the puUlck, «u 
t-hauwn bead of Mr. /or, sculptured 
koiaa, the Eapresi of KiusU. The 
wm of it ue almost inDiuneraljie, 
f m BarUe» but la prints of an ecd- 
mg of style. The bust cf P.tt had 
K a caoal aotorlety arxi extensive 
the aeaiplor pat fnrth, from his owa 
Md frwvr thaa 100 of the former, 

■ 0f the latter, and these at 100 
J^leaawhile* the tiead uf 

Senator (till the more radiaat 
LTose) was to be fuuuU io 
mP «or][-sh(^; and although his 
■■ leas happy ia the busts of the 
,jnt it was tcarcelv less occujiicd on 
Kb whole -lengtn statue of Fttt, 
the Senate Ilnuse at Carcbridjce, 
to lie the C(>nsumiL.ation of 
It is juidy venr pojmlar i be- 
is a c«»od deil of nature, and a 
■I aimiiitude to the oripnal, in tlie 
nf ita c«»m position. His heai! nf 
of ahich pla&ter casts arc car- 
on the shoulders of every Italian 
ty possesses great merit, from its 
I aimplicity awl characteristic pro- 
YeCi on tiie whole, NoUckins ncrer 
the exquisite truth and rx; rosilon 
r, vhich marks the chisel tif Chan- 
fcpe tA whose bu&ts absolutely 



of the roiscellaueous sale, 
) be deaerihe-t, brou;:lit to our view 
Bcipal on:;'ina1, or ideal figure, ever 
d br Nollekins ; and that wns \Ai 
'riia fip^''' ** naked, a little under 
! of fifrf and occupied in pouring am- 

■ ito hair. It was purchased for 23 1 /. 
■ih» remember the lovely and pt.- 
nra of another Venus, by the same 

■ the act of ' putting on her slipjier,' 
; aee^ ua of a want of lust ]»crcep- 
' ibe beauties of Nollekins* chisel, 
• w that, cotnpared with thai repre- 
mof the Faphian Goddess, the prc- 

dignity and lovelioess. 



SCIENCES. 

The soryrlfe, aa.i perhaps i«xiti«, thai 
the £at sml^tor of hLs ace, d^io^ at ii» 
aJruced us« d \^ of ?^^t;, aad kas^ a 
f'.tuzke of 1SO,000:. behind hia— witknt 
hi In — should not have KvumuUte^ a 
m^rh'je, sos&ething like what Mr..\^tntea 
has done m cgktcms^ waagcaecal, aod fwri^a 
juitly fooaded. If, on the other haad* a 
small portion of this encnnoiM capital ^d 
been left towards the foundation of a ScoocK. 
CF ScuLPTL-ax, by the disuribtttkn of in- 
wards, or aantial premhims, tha d ece a w tl 
would have left behiad him some ledeeaiar 
recullectiuaa ; and we are persuaded ihn T 
THOSE, who will be benenied by the igni- 
tion of his pri^i«rty, wouM he'aimwj; the 
foremust to applaud the wisdom uf such a 
bctjuest. 

List of Purchasers^ Pnca, &c. 

A Bust of Pope, copied from the origiMl 
by Roubiliac [far inferior tn the Irarrick 
Bust •].— [14/. 14*. Rev. Mr. Este.] 

A Bust ofSterne. bv Nollekins. — TOOi. I Si 
.Mr. Russell Palmer.] 

Kinaldo and Armida, |>aint«d bv West. 

[64/. Is. Do.] 

Four Terra Cottas, by John of Ikmlc^e 
riiitc Mr. Luck's of Norburv>. — [m/. 1U 
Do.] " 

A Copy of the beautiful antique Female 
Portrait, commonly called ("Nti*-, of the 
Town!ey Oillection' — [."»S.'. Mis'. Do] 

Venus pourinc Ambrosia on hor lluir, a 
l>enntifiil Stat no — oris^inal dosign of iMr 
NoMokins.— [-i.U/. I)o,J 

A Copy of the I^tK'ooiu iu(HloIlod in Ter- 
nicotta, by Mr. Schccmakcr*. — [Mil, I'is 
D ..] 

Original Cast of tite Sitting Hgure of a 
Venus, hy Mr. NolUkins ; ilu> clay muuM 
for wliich was dcbtniycd. — [84/. Tho Karl 
of Kgreinont.] 

Antique Bust of aMu»e. — [,is/. 175. Do|. 

Original Bust of Sterne t» in /r; ■•i i-mVi/, 
by Nollekins, dom* at Koine. 'I'liis bust 
first brought Mr. NolUkiuN into repute u a 
&LuI|)tiir. — [1(.7. 4.«. Mr. Agar Kllis.] 

A Fipire of Cupid whetting bis Arritw, 
by Nollt-kins, — fs/. Mr. lUiulot.) 

A ludf-si/(> Cast of the Stntiie of the Jat« 
M.-irquess of IWkingliani, by do. — [hL it*, 
Mr. Cliantry.] 

* See p. <M. 

"t* Mr. Nollekins receivctl only twelve 

^uinrit5 for t)it> original nf tbi^ bu>t in 
nurM'' ; n eopy of it s'dd in tlie present 
sale for ^"0/. I Ha. 



168 i^rlf and ScUnves, 

A MBftll Print of 8t. Cecili«f cngnved by nuch air h u equal nomW ol In 

M. Antoaio.-— [20/. C^olnagfai.] iagi. In tlw huide of tlw bell uc i 

A Lake SoeiMy with Figures^ View in the workmcD with pest to Imtg tb 

Italy, painted by WUk»w—[1 171. ISc Mr. on, and attaefaed to it it ft aMfg 

Tomkinson.] air-pump, wliicli is a great imprave 

A River Scene, the companion, by Wil> the old fashioned plan of sinking 

son.— [97/. 18j. Do.] filled with air. From this pnmp 

A View of Dover, by Wilson.— [342. ]3«. thick leathern tabe, which n ewaf 

Rutley.] into the bell, and the length of «l 

Portratt of Mr. Nollekins, by Sir W. easily lie proportioned to the depth < 

Beechey. — [1 67. 1 6.f. Do.] The bell u susnended from a very Urn 

Portrait of Do. by Abbott.— [14/. \4s, the shaft of wnich is sunk to tbei 

Palmer.] of a vessel, purchased and fitted up 

An antique Statue of Minerva, witli the purpose, and which is, in fiict, n a 

Helmet, the arms replaced by Mr. Nolle- part of the divinf^; apparatus. Op t 

kins, in lieu of tlie antique. — [16'9Z. lbs, of this vessel is placed tlie air^pampi 

The Duke of Newcastle.] by four men with an additional 1 

A circular Altar or Pedcsul, embellished watch the signals. When about ' 

with nuns' heads and Ibstooos of olive. — meuce operations, tlie sloop is mon 

[342. 9t. G(L Do.] outside of tlie breakwater, the ■ 

An antique Bust of Commodus, perfect, put in motion, tlic crane worked, n 

and very nne, sud to resemble the late go down the aquatic quarrymen. I 

Francis Duke of Bedford. — [336L Da] weight and slwpe, the machine b 

Ditto <^Mercury, of fine Greek sculpture, perpendicularly; while tlie volomi 

from Lord Besborough's, at Koehompton. within enal>Ies the workmen to bien 

— [147/. Do.] kee|)s out the water. On arriving 

Antique Bust of a Faun. — [1 05/. Do.] bottom the divers are chiefly annoi 

Do. of a Faun in Rosso, very spirited and large 1)cds of sea-weed, although 1 

fine. — [131/. lOj. Do.] inequalities of the channel at ror< 

Do. of Julia Pia. — [-12/. Do.] and the partially uneven manner u 

Do. of Agrippina. — [17/. 17^. Do.] the ledges of the bell occasionally 

Head of a Ureek Philosopher. — [9/. 95. the rocks, it is impossible to 91 

Do.] water altogether ; and this, it is pr 

Du. of Pertinax. — [21/. Payne Knight.] is the reason why it is dangerous to 

Do.ofrrajan. — [2bL4s, Samuel Rogers.] in rough or squally weather, when tl 

Ariadne, a Copy from the Antique. — ing and agitated deep would be api 

[:il!, lis, George Byng.] in the smallest cranny. To guard 

Antique Bust of Marcus Aurelius. — the effects of several hours partial 

[17/. i7s. DoJ sion in water, the men are provid 

Bust of C.J. Fox, Vy Nollekins. — 152/. 55. large Jack-lxHits, caps of wool, am! 

Dal woollen jackets. They also ebee 

Head of C. J. Fox, by Nollekins. — precaution of stufiing tlieir ears with 

[99/. Is. Mr. Ponsonby. as the constant stream of air which ( 

Head of Domitian. — [35/. 14s. Mr. from altovc, occasions, at first, an 

Thane.] sensation, and is even apt to produ 

Head of the Laoeoon, by Wilton. — ness. Tlie chief sub-marine aitai 

[36/. 15s. Mr. Paynter.] from Holyhead; and out of 180 

Antique Bust of Berenice. — [11/. lis. carpenters, and labourers, only one 

Mr. Soane.] is said, volunteered to assist liim. 

Do. Portrait. — [14/. 145. Do.] spectable and ingenious gentleman, * 

been down in the bell, stated that hi 

Di VINO-BELL AT PoRT Patrick. inconvenieuce whatever} but the ai 

Tlie diving-bell, or rather the imi>roved workers, among whom were made h 

instrument now in use at Port Patrick, is a nute inquiries, shook their heads 

square cast metal frame, about eight feet piece of information, and hinted t 

high, twenty-two feet in circumference, and volunteer-diver had often felt a littl 

weigliing upwards of four tons. This frame ish, and, for one thing, <' had ta 

is o})en below, and at tlie top are twelve victuals very badly." Now, we have 

small circular windows made of very thick three men working with per&ct e 

glass, such as are sometimes seeu used on safety 20, 95, and sometimes 30 iSst 

board of ships. Those windows are so ce- water. In carrying out the new pi 

mented or puttied in that not a bubble of necessary to make a bed for the Imn 

water can penetrate ; and when tlie sea is stones, which would otherwise be krf 

dear, and particularly when the sun is shin- mercy of tlie waves— and this, in a v 

iog, the workmen are enabled to carry on the duty of the divers. With picb 

their submarine operations without the aid iners, jumpers, and gunpowder, Cli 

afamiBu, which wuuM cunaumc neaily a& tugged %\iiu«:tVamai^«^i«at«Bi\ via 



\n^i] 



Arlt mnd Silences, 



169 



filWepved for ih« ku^ muMi of stont 
whiA m ■fktrwanb lei down, biit the 
llodn themielvei ttronglybouDd together 
wik von and cement. Tbe diven, like 
iim ^ uM iji u e te f when tliey wish ^^to 
UMtf" take good care to be out of hann't 
m^ Bj mcent of n tin tube* the powder ii 
kpt (pite dry, and a branch from the larger 
amy, hoUow, and filled with an oaten 
tfav, b Itagthened to the Tcnr sur&ce of 
At witer before the fuse is lighted. In 
ml ar two cases the powder lias failed to 
n^ioiHf and it is very teaziog for tlie men 
ner tbiee or four hours hard work below 
iMtf to descend again, for the sole purpose 
rflfpwting the blasting process. 

Bvftin* Monument at Ayr. 

lbs monument which has been erected 
it An, to perpetuate the momoiy of Ro- 
bmnons, was completed upon the 4 th of 
Jriy, md a tripod nxed upon its summit, 
ii ptKOce of A numerous assemblage of 
Fmhmoos and subscribers. The situation 
flf the bwlding is extremely well chosen, 
■4 ■ ^ centre of those scenes which the 
poet hn so often described. 

Thii elegant structure consists of a trian- 
nhr bssement supporting a circular pe- 
mnle of nine colnmns of the Corinthian 
Mr: above these rise a domical roof, de- 
eHMid with ornaments, which servo to sup< 
Mt a tripod. On this tripud is the ful- 
Mif; inscription : 

The fint stcne of this Monument, 

Erected by public Subscription, 

Is honour of the Genius of 

Robert Burns, 

^'u laid by the late Sir Alexander Roswell, 

of Auchinlecky Bart. 
[I'sder whose exertions, principally, the 
ittbicriptioii was commenced nod 

carried through,] 
On tbe 3oth day of .Jan. 1P20: 
.And on the 4th of July, 182.'), 
Tlui Structure being wholly completed, 
■ This Triptwi 

J Was fixed upon the Mummit, 

I !■ presence of a numerous asiemblage 

of Freemasons and Subscribe rs. 
Hfidcd anil addressed on the occasion by 
Wuriam Fullerton, lilsq. of Slicldon, 
Thoous Hjimillon, jun. Architect, 
und 
MaConnel, jun. Uuilder and Contractor. 

Within the basement is a circular chani- 
kf of the Doric order, about \(i fiTt hi^h, 
^ sTbich a flight of siciis conducti to the 
^ry above. 

The general idea i» borrowed from that 
^Bjsite fragment of Athrnian architcc- 
^, the Cnorapic Monument of Lysi- 
(ittei; than which it is hardly possible 
t* ceoecfvc any edifice, of a purely de- 
^<ntite character, combining at once such 
IbSHiusre of fancy, urith such purity of 
Mt. Still, bi'sutifnl ui the memorial hare 

GisiT. Mao. Au^*ui, l^ta, 

10 



raiacd to iht meiBoiy of Scotia's bard qb- 
dottbtadly is, it my \m qoaationtd whother 
the Dorio order would not have batn far 
man characfeeriitio of the energy ud aim- 
pUcity of the lays of Bnnu s end also mora 
m uuison with the surrounding aceneryi 
With regard to the site of this monument, 
none can be more interaeUng or better cho- 
sen, it being in the centra of those land- 
scapes which the genius of tbe poet hag raa- 
dered clauical ground. 

London. 

It is stated to us, and mnst give satta&c^ 
tion to every lover of tasteful improvement, 
that it u the intention of the Commission- 
ers for the improvement of the Wastani 
part of the Metropolis, tmder the sanctioo 
of Parlian>ent, to remove all those wu^htly 
buildings at the upper part of Charing &oaag 
and on that spot to erect an exact fiw-aimilo 
of the Pantheon at Rome, witli its matdi- 
less piirtico to fiuM) Whitehall. The exte- 
rior of this noble specimen of antient arehl* 
tectore will form one of the finest omamenta 
that any modem city can boast; and the in- 
terior will be appropriated for public exhi- 
bitions. 

Flint Celt or Battle-.\zs. 

A remarkable specimen, both for its 
beauty and size, was found on the 3d «>f 
May last, on the property of James Naine, 
esq. of Claremont, near St. Andrew's. It 
lay towanls the bottom of a prettv steep 
bank, two feet below the surface, f ts snb • 
stance is of flint, of a grey or dove colour. 
Its length one foot. Its greatest breadth is 
three inches, at the middle two inches and 
three-tenths, and its least breadth one inch 
and nine-tenths. Its greatest thickness is 
one inch and three-tenths ; and its weight 
is about I lb. 14 oz. lis larger cod is brought 
to a sharp edge, and l\\o smaller end, though 
rounded, is consiilrrahiy more ))Iunt. It \% 
described, and figured, in the Edinburgh 
Philosophical Journal, No. XVII. 

Geological Suri'ry of the Great Carw/, in 
yiliajvj, North Amcricc, — A survey of the 
whole contiguous region, and of all the in- 
t«!resting tracks in its vicinity, extending 
from Albany to the Falls of Niagara, has 
been undertaken by Professor Amos Eaton, 
with able assistants, under tlie patronage of 
the Hon. Stephen Van Rensiselaen. 

An experiment promising considerable 
sticcess, has been made in Paris. It is an 
attempt to preserve the large paintings of 
the most distinguished artists by the em- 
ployment of plates of pottery. The diflRsr- 
eut parts of a large picture are united liy a 
composition, and hO coloured as to disguise 
completely the joint. The artists who 
work at this experiment propose by this 
means to produce paintings »« durable as 
Mosaic, of much easier execution, and at a 
^trx moderate pries. 

SBU 



I »7" 1 



Uhlfr 



SELECT POETRY 



Rnlermtiian iff MhtymEVKr Abbsy *. 
BetpeetfiiUy inscribed to Lady Cathciiimk 

RlSSIT. 

By the Rtu. Mr, Bowlei. qfBremhill. 
Tif ONASnC tod tiBM-conaeented Fane, 
Thou hut put ua thy slupflly atate 
aguD, 
AlmcMt auguftf aa in thy anrly day. 
Era ruthlesa Henry rent thy pomp away. 

No more, thro* panea, in lucid coloura 
rich, [niclie ; 

Tht auBshine atreama on many a fretted 
No rich-rob'd Prieau tho Mau, at noon- 
dav, sing, [gwing ; 

No Youths, in white, the fuming censer 
No more, the staled Fathera pace along 
With lighted tapcra, and slow-chauntcd aong ; 
Yet the tall window lifta ita arched height, 
Aa to admit heaven's pale, but purer, light : 
Those maaay-cluster*d columna, whoae lon^ 

rows, 
£'en at noon-day, in shadowy pomp repose. 
Amid the silent sanctity of death, 
like giants, seem to guard the dust beneath : 
Thoae roofs re-echo (though no altars blaze) 
The iirayer of penitence, thu hynm uf praise ; 
Whifat meek neligion's self, as with a smile, 
ReprlDta the tracery of the hoary pile. 

Say not on tho proud Abltot's mitred atate 
Imperial pomp and gorgeous service wait. 
Oh ! I have seen a nobler siglit I have seen 
(£ach mild affection glowing on hia mien) 
A Christian Prelate bleas — with out- 
spread hands, [ful bands 1*. 
And with a fiither'a warmth — those youth- 
Worthy ita guett, the temple. What 

remaina ? 
Oh» MiGHTiEiT Master t, thy immortal 

atraint 
Theae roofa demaid.— -Liaten,^- with pre- 

lode alow. 
Solemnly sweet, yet full, the organa blow. 
And hark! again^ heard ye the choral 

chaunt 
Peal through tlic echoing archea. Jubilant ? 
More softly now, imploring litanies §, 
Wafted to Heaven, and mingling with tlio 

aigha 
Of penitence, from yon high altar rise : 
Again, the vaulted roof** Hosansah" rings— 
<'Hosansah! Iy)RD OF Lords, and King 

or Kings !" 



Wak'd by thd soniid, mtlhiab, u torn 
the dead, 
Old AriiELaTAN || might nam hia nfi 

head, 
And hearken, till the harmony cxptifs, 
Like fiunt responaea from hia wudedt^^m. 

Beautiful Temple of the LoRO» lb 

rage. 
And the blind fiiry, of a former ag* 
Smote thee ! And hark, e*en now vbt 

yella and criea 
Round the calm temple of ovii SiONim! 
Rent, but not proatntey atriekni, yil 

aublime, 
Reckleaa alike of Imuriea or Tint ; 
Thou, unsubdued, m ailent muestyt 
Tho tempest hast defied, and ahalt de^ ! 
The temple of our Siok, fOy ahall aoek 
The mutt* ring storm, the very earthipiBki'a 

ahock. 
Founded, oh ! Christ, oh thy btunal 

ROCK. 



TO MRS. BUTLERf. 

In answer to her fucjlion, " why I SdWH^ 
He dwvn to repose myself longer intheity 
time f" Hlritlen just upon my JboBCkry 
in March, 1778, after the Eiatkefrnf 
lamented friend Dr, DooD, mid my if- 
vere illness, 

A SK me not, Anna, aak no morcy 

Why, on the downy couch reclln'd. 
Longer I court not Slumber'a power. 
To reat the frame, to aoothe the mind. 



Weak tho' that frame, by aickneaa 
And all relax'd by tortumua pain ; 

Tho' languid each idea born. 
That belpa to crowd the meatal tnin. 

And aweet, extatically aweet, 

Tho' Slumber'a power each mortal know 
In vain the Charmer triea to mat 

My throbbing templea witn r ep oet. 

How should I taste the genial halm 
My truest Anna from my aide ? 

Or how enjoy that pleasing calm. 

Which— left alone— to Sleep's deayd f 

Did not, in torment, thy dear hand. 
Did not in frenzy l^y blest care,— 

Did not they all my fiite command. 
When life luing trembling on a hair ? 



* This majestic but dila])idated pile, at great expense, hns been lately repaired, and wi 
taate and judgment in every respect consonant to and worthy of ita ancient character, I 
Mr. (looDRiDOE, architect, of Bath. These vcraes were written under the contemphlii 
of thu aingalarly beautiful and unique pile being o[jcn again for public worahip, by a t 
crcd Musical Perfermancc, some time in the ensuing mouth of October. 

i* At the Confirmation, Aui^ut 2. X Handel. 

' f SnpplicttioB, from the Greek word. IJ Whose tomb ia near the altar. 

. i Sm our Obituarv for tliis month, page 183. 

W 



Skied Poetiy. 



171 



f voiot my Uit left bliu ? 
jDot dl aqr moI'* detin» 
aMh'd Bpy the gntelb] kfftf> 
d mj peating hMurt oo fire ? 

ig borron hopeless hud, 
B and death the nhile I huog, 
mure thy chearing aid, 
: the magic of thy tongue ! 

d eye, the pallid cheek* 
]i^ected—-all for me ; 
fiiO oft, thou ttrov'tt to ipeak, 
L*d — lest struggling tears shoidd 

( ebon, dearest, if in Wt^ 
■cie thine in each degree, 
MW Jatft begin to grow, 
fa ahall flourish without Thee f 

lont Thetf can health arrive, 
iBt thee, can sleep come near ; 
1 eoothe, nor rest revive, 
thoa, my Anna dear! 

774. Weedbn Butler. 

TJSION BY CLARE. 

^Jiarthampkontikire Peasant** 

Am. Admiral Lord Raditock. 

it to recollect lias's past con* 

*» [byt 

lo days of sorrow, when they're 

F KtBtle friends and feeling soulsi 

«d shelter when the storm was 

heart! as mariners have turned, 
i^*d from^hipwreck, *mid the 
vs' roar, [ipurned, 

fragments, that the tempest 
they clung, and struggled -to 
Imre ; — 

s to turn — and hour by hour, 
I muses OD the good and great, 
portion of their wealthy power, 
I a wormling from dcstruetion's 

atron of her first essays, 
muse—oh, Radstock ! turns her 

: fulsome whine of fawning praise, 
deep gushings — in a silent sigh ! 
lossom, dwindling deep in shade, 
ir a sun-beam to it^ lot be given, 
hopeful bloom, its feeble head, 
ly offers silent thanks to heaven \ 

IMPROMPTU : 

J. BissET, cm the Sixty-second 
mxersaTy oj his Birth, 

twenty- third of the month call- 
Jane,*' [fux>, 
thy and well, and of age Sixty 
alf my fiicultics seem in full tune, 
«!§• beats as strong at it e'er 
to do. 



For the laat twenty ytars* 1 can scarca trace 
albe 
More fiirrow'd by time— -or more deeply 
indented, 
My'resolve I ttiU keep— ^ ahttMining from 
tuiae*^ 
I dnnikaqwijmra, and live quite contented. 

My wife, and my childreDy and grand-chil- 
dren (five) ftfsiataBce, 
To cheer my old age, gladly lend theii 
And I firmly believe, that no mortal alive. 
E'er enjoy'd more true pleaaure siaot 
man's first existence. 

Belle Fu€ Place, Leamington Spa. 




Translation if the LaOss Epitaph of Lord and 
Lady KKfVWFtf at StanweU Ckmtkf 
Middkser. 

JF by ourtomb some pausing stranger tread» 
And ask of Death the story of the deadf 
Lest vainly here his eye attracted dweO, 
What once we were Is left this stone to tell. 
While life jet was, and love his seal had'set 
On years tuat nearly, hearts that nobly nbety 
Bound by the chain, as firm as faith e'er wove* 
We woo d to wed, and, wedded, liv'd to love. 
We died, and Hymen's five and twentieth ton 
Left us at laaty whom 's first had fbmid io^ 



Nor shall e'en deitb eommand m» nett w> 
mofej [sbovef 

Since all his waves bat wash a «^'?n»mffw 

Where, tho' <mr fimnder^d frames thb nar* 
ble mound oontam. 

Each soul, eseap*d the wre<^, shall dasp bar 
own again ! 8. P. 

Christ CaHL Cambridge, July 1 7> 1 833. 

Sonnet on Caxisbrooxe Castlx^ 
IsU of fright. 

"y^HERE'S now thy grandeur, hanghty 
Caritbroakef 
Where now that gloomy oeO a^b basely 

gave 
Poor England's King to an untimely grave ? 
Fall'n are thy battlements ; Uiy uUs for- 
sook.— 
But yet one &tal window still appears 
Sav*d from the mouldering hand of Time, 

to shew 
A sad memorial of a Manarch's woe— 
And wake the soul to sympathetic t ea r s *- ■ 
Tho' thy proud relics threaten dsnger round. 
And warn the curious stranger to depart i 
SoRow would yet pervade his generoos 
heart— 
Ev'n if no stone to tell the tale be fi»und i— • 
For lasting hist'ry will the record bring 
Of factious snbfecti, and a muxder'd Yjoag. 

Eroitiirsis. 

* This resolve wu midc bcfbre J.B. was 
tea years of ae«! 



• • • 



t 1:2 ] 



vm 



HISTOllICAL CHRONICLE. 



I 1- 
.1 1.: ( 



FOREIGN NEWS. 



SPAIN. 

NoUiing decisive has yet ensued* with 
respect to Peninsular affairs. In consequence 
of the departure of the Duke d'AngouIeme 
for Seville on the 98th of July, rumours 
have been afloat of negociations being on 
the tapis. 

It appears tliat on the 16th of Ju1y» tlie 
Coustitutionalists made a sortie from the 
Islo of Leon. It consisted of 9000 men, 
well supported by the batteries. The inha- 
bitants are determined to resist to the last. 

On the 15th of July, the Freach army 
presented itself before Corunna. It attack- 
ed with impetuosity all the Spanish »osts, 
amounting to above 9000 men, and forced 
them to uU back onder the cannon of the 
place, when a serious fusilade and cannonade 
took place. About four o'clock, the 9000 
men were relieved by above 9000 other 
troops. General Wilson received a ball 
through his thigh, and his Aide-du-Camp, 
Col. Light, was wounded. The attack was 
senewed on the 16th; on which day the 
French are represented to have lost a great 
number of men^ as they were at one time in 
possession of part of the town, from wliich 
they were repulsed. The Spanish gun- 
hoi^ had outflanked the besiegers, and 
caused considerable loss to them in killed 
and wounded. It is said that two hundred 
carts with wounded French, had arrived at 
a small village in the neighbourhood of Co- 
runna. General Quiroga was at Corunna, 
and the troops and volunteers were deter- 
mined to defend the town. 

On the 6'th of August, Count Molitnr 
had concluded with Hallasteros a conven- 
tion, in which tlie latter, as well as the 
troops which ho commands, recognise the 
authori^ of the Regency. Gen. Ballastcros 
also iuued orders to the Governors of Car- 
thagena, Alicant* Pampeluna, St. Sebas- 
tian, Peniscola, Los Penos de St. Pedro, 
Mozcn, and Vcnaaquc, all comprised within 
the circle of his jurisdlctiun, to rccc^nise it 
equally. General Ballosteros, in his capi- 
tulation, stipulates for the preservation of 
his rank ana titles. He made the same sti* 
pulatioD in favour of all tlie officers under 
aim. 

A letter from Madrid states that it is cal- 
eulated there, that there are no less than 
44,000 persons confined in Spain for politi- 
cal crimes, by order of the negency. But 
the Duke d*Angouleme has issued a decree 
which will paralyze the arbitrary measures 
of tins junta. He declares that *' the Spa- 
si jh •uthorities shall not imprison any pel* 



sons without authority from the FicMh 
commanders of our troops. The ^^irnimnih*- 
ers-in-Chief of the Corps imdev our cqb- 
maod shall demand the release of all ytf 
sons who may have been imprisoned in u 
arbitrary manner for political motiveif es|ir 
clally soldiers, that they may return to tbdr 
homes, excepting such as after libsntioi 
shall give cause of complaint." 

Extract of a letter, dated Aug. 7 :— ^A 
vessel arrived this morning, which tukA oa 
the 9d inst. from St. Felicio, coast of Cstsr 
Ionia, the roaster of which asserts, that oa 
the 97th ult. three divisions, commantW 
by Generals Milans, Lober«, and Mans, st- 
tacked the French near Manresa; that s 
very obstinate battle took place, which 
lasted two days, in which the French kst 
about 3000 prisoners, and a creat nunfatf 
of killed and wouniled, and that the Sftr 
niards set fire to Manresa. That on tki 
9gth nit. Geucrals Mina, and Rotten, ssffisd 
out firom Barcelona with all thehr lorecs tfd 
attacked the French on the 30th, aeav Mir 
taro, that the battle was not ended on ikl 
9d inst. when he sailed ; as be aa»r n gml 
fire along the coast and on th« top cif tki 
mountains, so that the final result of tlui 
action is yet unknown." 

PRUSSIA. 

Berlin^ Aug* 5. — The greatest sensatiii 
has been excited this day, by the pubDfi- 
tion of the following general law respectiiy 
Provincial Assemblies :~- 

«< We, Frederick William, &c. to give 10 
our faithful subjects a durable pledge of pa^ 
ternal favour and confidence, nave resolwcd 
to introduce Representative Assemblies iato 
the Monarchy, and to tlut end to eatabliik 
Provincial Assemblies in the spirit of tbi 
ancient German Constitution, such ■§ thi 
peculiar situation of the country and the 
spirit of the tisnes require. A Cummitieet 
of which the Crown Prince is President, ii 
appointed to prepare this measure, and lo 
consult upon it with experienced meo frmt 
each province." 

ITALY. 

A letter from Rome states, that tbe 
Church of St. Paul, txira muros^ has faea 
consumed. Tliis fine and antient bnildiof 
coniaincd many of the pilUrs and other inm* 
ments taken from the celebrated Tomb ^ 
Hadrian ; which are now again corcred w]£k 
ruins. 

GREECE AND TURKEY. 

A mail has arrived from Turkey, fariogivg 
letters fiotn Constantinople* d»tcd on the 

lOthj 



im-} 



ForeisH Ntws^—Dometlic Oceurrmtes. 



17» 



lOib, sod from Smyniay dated oa tbt fid 
ctfrent. From ^tajvuk.th0t writep thai 
tone ptftiet of Twin, mi uieir mmeh to 
the Morea, near Salonioay had mnrdered all 
ibe Greeks Uiej met, and that 94 vUlagee 
had fuffeicd from their depredations. At 
Pcrgimos a general maasacre of the Chris* 
tiini had taken place, and upwards of 2000 
■nk hid been cruelly hutchered. 

According to letters from Trieste of 93d 
ah. a vessel had arrived there with news of 
a decisive «ictonr in the Morea gained by the 
Omb over tna Turks. Tlie Utter had 
18,000 men under the command of the 
hcU The Turkish fleet had arrived off 
hins, and the Greek fleet was cruizing off 
Njt)laae. 

SOUTH AMERICA. 
Tlw GoMmmcat of Colombia have gone 



beyond anv other in ftcilitethig the cirtuKi- 
tkm of pnhlic papers throughout that coun- 
try, witli A view to promote knowledge 
among the people. It has been enacted 
that newspapers and periodical works, na- 
tional as weA as foreign, whatever may be 
their number, shall pay no postage in the 
Post-Offices; and national pampnlets and 
other printed papers shall enjoy the same 
exemption, provided they do not exceed 
four oimces in weight. 

Accounts state that the Columbians, bj 
a combined land and sea movement, aided 
by stratagem, have taken Maracaibo, so 
long the strong-hold of the fierce Royalist 
General Morales, who retreated, and waa 
subsequently encountered and beaten by 
Paex. 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 



IRELAND. 

IislaDd begins to shew symptoms of re- 
tmag tnoqnillitv. Tlie outrages have 
kca for some weelcs perceptibly subsldiofc, 
■d a ntw and improved practice has, wit^ 
At iraved sanction of the Lord Lieutenant, 
■dndsrthe strong and repeated recom- 
f dnion of the Jiuiges going the circuit, 
lim sdopted by the County Msgistrates, 
fcr tbe adjustment of minor differences, 
■d the cognizance of triflinff offences. The 
Mssore is, the frequent holding of ** Petty 
Sotioos," where four or Ave Justices of a 
fvticulsr district are to assemble and hear 
duac complaints which had been formerly 
bfunght before a single Magistrate. — At the 
Aviies of Antrim, some Orangemen were 
Cnind guilty of an ace of violence on two 
iodiridwds, and sentenced to a year's im- 
{■riionmcnt. 

INTELUGENCE FROM VARIOUS 

PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. 

Od the So'th and 27tli of July, the an- 
tienC custom uf Rush-bearings took place at 
jImtUside in Westmoreland. About sex-en 
o'clock oo the Saturday evening, young 

£' b, to the number of about forty, formed 
! processiiin to tlic Church, preceded by 
t bsnd of music. Each of the girls bore in 
ker hands the usual ruih-iearings, the ori- 
pa sod signification of which luu so long 
puzzled the researches of all our Antiqua- 
riei. These elegant little trophies were dis- 
pnicd in the church round the pulpit, read- 
nz'detk, pews, &c. and had a really bcaiiti- 
fiu sad imposing effect. They thus remain- 
•d during the Sunday till the service was 
fiflishcd in the afternoon, when a similar 
prnecnion was formed to convey these tro- 
P^ home again. We understand that 
^"ttcrly in lomc parts of Lancashire a simi- 



lar ceremony prevailed, under the same de- 
signation, in which the rush'bearin^s were 
made in the form of females, with a fanci- 
ful rosette for the head ; and on looking at 
those in Ambleside^ some faint resemblanoa 
of the female form nuy be traced in the 
outline. At least, they neariy all possessed 
the flowing outline of a petticoat. No sa- 
tiafactory explanation of this ceremony haa 
•ver yet been given : the attempt at one ia, 
that it is the remnant of an ancient custom, 
which formerly pnnrailed, of strewing the 
church floors with rushes to preserve the 
feet from damp; but we carmot conceive 
what resemblance there is between the prac- 
tice of strewing the church with rushes, and 
the trophies which are now carried, and 
which have been carried from time imme- 
morial. We should rather incline to refer 
its origin to the days of heathenism, as a 
representative of some offering to their 
gods. Whatever may have l>een its origin, 
we are happy to sec that the darkening and 
desolating spirit of puritanism has not yet 
destroyed this little innocent festivity, along 
with morris dances, wassail howls, and May- 
poles : and we trust that the gentlemen of 
Windermere and Grasmero will long pre- 
serve this last relick of the days that are 
gone. 

July 31. Rev. Mr. Hopkins, late Cu- 
rate of Ryfonl, was to have marricfl Mrs. 
Smith, a widow,- at Herrfi/rd Cathedral. 
The service cimimenced, and was proceeded 
in till the bridegroom took the ring out of 
his |>ocket to place it on the finger of his 
bride, when. Just at the moment she ex- 
tended her hand to receive the token of 
their union, he suddenly fell hack, and after 
A fit of convulsions, which lasted but a mo- 
ment, lie lay on the ground a corpse ! His 
proper^ by this event goes to his poor re- 
lations. 



Ift Domestic Occurrentes, 

Aug. 9. An Btroeious attempt to assMti- LONDON AND ITS VldN] 

nua S. Honocksy esq. (M. P. fSur Pretton In the Report of the ParliameiUe 

ID LeQCuhirel, was made on hia return mittee on the Ptahlic Roada^ the i 

from church* by a wretch, named Riding, oi the House is directed to that pa 

who attacked him with a cleaTer. The blow evidence of Mr. M'Adam, in whicn 1 

was given with such foroe> as to cut through the practicability of cODverting the f 

Mr. Horrock's hat> and make a deep incision of the streets of Ijondon into uw 

into the skull. The blow was repeated, aubstantial roads. The Committee I 

but this Mr. H. received on his arm. The the experiment Is about to be tri* 

villain made a third and fourth attempt to James's - square, and over Weat 

cut at the head, both of which were received bridge and its boundary. TUa i 

on Mr. H.'s left arm and hand. After some roent, as appears from the evidene 

struggling he was secured. Riding is a M'Adam, senior, and of Mr. Willii 

apinner, a single man about 24 years of age ; dam. has already Iteen tried, and a 

and the reason he alleges for his horrible at- at Bristol and Lxeter, and is in pn 

tempt is, that Horrocks and Co. in a turn- execution upon the paved ways in tk 

out, about two years aco, were the 6rst tu of Lancaster, 

lower the wages. He lias since l>ecn tried, Mr. Owen, a man of the most be 

found to be insane, and committed to the intentions, has called two meeting 

lunatic asylum. Metropolis in the course of the monl 

The Swearing jtct. — ^That part of 19th relief of Ireland. He addressed the 

George n. c. 31, remiiriag Clergymen to in a long speech, and concluded wi 

publicly read " the rroclMsation against of KesoJutinns, in which he called i 

Profane Swearing" once in each quarter, Citizens of London to resolve by a i 

under the liability to a penalty, was repealed tluit the world was labouring under 

in May last. of enor, and had been so laboi 

liEAUTiEa OF Wilts. — Notwithstanding these last three hundred years { t1 

the very un&vourable state of the weather fur was no merit in one system of ft 

some weeks past, the number of visitors to than in another ; and, that man 

FoiUkiU jikhey has been greatly increasing, every respect, a creature of neeci 

and bids fiur to rival the multitudes of lost circumstances. — In a word, ha pu 

year. As the season u arrived when the gay vote the whole train of that met 

world begins to be in motion, it may not jargon, which, before the pasiiq| 

be amiss to point ont to the Tourist the Six Acts, we were accustomed to 

various interesting objects in the county of ed to tlie walls In the placards of d 

Wilts, which may &irly claim his attention, minster Forum, and other Debars 

and which will amply repay him for the time ties. Tlie result was a complete fiu 

he may bestow on them. The admirers of A meeting for the relielF of D 

architecture will delight in the splendid re- disant Princess of Cumberiaad, la' 

roainsof Malmsbunr Abbey, and in the sim- place at the Freemason's Tavern, 

pie magnificence of the Cathedral at Salis- were about 6fty persons present. S 

bury, which, as a perfect and immhced ex- N(^l took the Chair, and Dr. Ta 

ample of the early English or pointed style, Ashburtou} entered at length into t 

atands unrivalled. — Longford Castle (the claims. The result of the meet 

seat of the Earl of Radnor}, with its incs- that 80 pounds were subscribed I 

timable Claudes — Wilton, and its sujjcrb Noel, 5/. each by Mr. Hunt» 

cloister, erected by the Earl of Pembroke, Parkins tlie Ex-Sheriff, and ont i 

to contun his rare and extensive collection was ^ent up to the chairman firom t 

of busts, statues, &c. — the fine mansion, iug, which then separated, 

chapel, and ruins of Wardour Castle, the ^ 

property of Lord Arundel— -the Marquis of THEATRICAL REGISTE 

Jjuisdownc's picturesque seat at Dowond — English Opera Housb. 

Longleat, tlie princely residence of the Mar- July 96. A melo-drama, entU 

quis of Bath— -Sir Rich. Colt Hoare's man- sumption; or. The Fate tf FWm 

sion in the romantic grounds of Stourhead founded on the romance of that a 

— and Conham, the seat of Paul Methuen, Mrs. Shelley. The acting waa c 

esq. will all furnish forth an ample feast for though the piece was replete with 1 

the lover of taste, and the amateur of jiaint- horrors. However, it was well kc 

ings. 'Ilie geological treasures of the coun- .._ 

ty are not uninteresting; and the Antiquary Surrf.y Theatre. 

will be gratified by an inspi'ctiuu of the mys- ^u^. 1 1 . This Theatre, after hai 

tcrious St(Miehcnge, and will find abundant dosed for some tinip, oi^oed ihi 

materials fiir reflection in the antiquities of with ^nti^me, a Grecian piece, w! 

ita surrounding plains. In short, there are got up with considerable splendoi 

few counties which can boast of ai*perior house has been completely metamc 

attractiona either to the man of science or and namrrnusorn.-impr^-! decoraUo 

of pleasure* ducedt It was crowded to excess* 



[ 175 1 



PROMOTIONS AxND PREFERMENTS. 



inm PROMonotfi, &c. 

iev, July 95. — Unsttached : Bre- 
-coL G. O'MilIej, to be Lieut.- 
Btiy. 

^Oi^nance, July S5. — Royal Reg, 
f I Mftj. J. T. Caddy, to be Lieut.- 
.rfeake, retireil : CHpt. and Drevet 
imithy to be Major, vice Caddy. 
', — MaJ.-geo. T. Brown, of the 
Company's Army, tu be Knigbt 
sr of the Rath ; and Lieut.-colo- 
mwXf D. Lci^htOD, C. Deacon, T. 
W. G. MaxweU, T. PuUock, M. 
D. Newttll, G. M. Popham, R. 
t Clarke, L. R. 0*firien, A. An- 
'. M'Leod, and Majors £. Gerr- 
F. F. Staunton, £. J. Ridse, and 
if the said Army, to be Compa- 
W taid Order. 

Ice, jfug, 1. — ^Royal Reg. of Hors» 
revet LieuU-col. Clement Hill, to 
sol. ; Capt. W. Richardson, to bo 
I Lieut.-col. : 5 th. Reg. Dragoon 
apt. Chas. Walker, to be Major : 
;» Lieut.-gen. Sir Henry-Tucker 
9 K.CB. to be Col. : 7 2d Ditto, 
rk H. Drumniond, to be Major, 
■e: 84th Ditto, Lieut.-gen. Sir 
imfton Maclean, bart. to be Col. : 
9, Capt. Hen. Fairfax, to be Ma- 
Uaehedf Brevet Lieut.-col. Geo. 
[ BreTet Lt.-col. John Rolt, to be 
I. of Infantry, by purchase. Ckap- 
Thos. Ireland, from half-pay, to 
■ to the Forces. 

'Ordnance, Auf^, 2. — Royal Reg. 
f, Maj. Hen. Maturin Farin<;ton, 
bC-coI. : Capt. and Brevet Major 
a, to 1x3 Major, vice Farrington. 
iler, Aut;. 15. — <2d Reg. of Foot, 
J. Roltt to be Lieut.-col. ; Capt. J. 
Co be Major : Maj. Payler, to lie 
of Infantry, vice Griffith, retired. 
iit.-coIs. in the Armv ; Majors R. 
EL M. Oakes, and tienry Earl of 

1— £dw. Roberts, esq. to be Clerk 
i to his Majesty's Receipt of the 
9 vice Addington, dec. — ^Thomiu 
Boeknall (heret^iforeThos. Grim- 
Mirt)i of Estcourt, Glouccstcr- 
M.P. for Dcvi/.ps, to restnre hi$ 
name of ICstcourt, ic nuLlItiuu to 
hat of Buckniili. 



;1SIASTICAL PRF.FDRMENTS. 

GloTcr, M.A. Archdoaconry o^ 

'. 

. BromficU, Gala Major Prebend, 

d. 



ReT. Edward £d«rards, Leighton BromswoU' 

Prebend, Lincoln. 
Rey. T. Adin, Charlotte Town R. in th« 

capital of Prince Edward's Island : also 

appointed Chaplain to his Majesty's forces 

at that station, and a Missionary to tha 

Island. 
Rev. Jas. Baines, Warton V. Lancashire. 
Rev. Wm. Barnes, Richmond R. York. 
Rev.M. Bamett, Ludford Parva R. Lincoln. 
Rev. F. Barrow, St. Mary V. Sandwich. 
Rev. Francis Bedford, South Ormsby R. 

with Ketaby, Calcoby, and Driby an< 

nexed, co. Lincoln. 
Rev. P. Belcber, Heather R. Leicesteraliin.. 
Hon. and Rev. W. Eden, one of the six 

Praachen in Canterbury Cathedral. 
Rev. Georae-Hutton Greonhill, Moultoa 

R. Suffolk. 
Rev. Warwick-Oben Garney, Aahtoo Bot- 

trel R. Salop. 
Rev. H. Humphreys, Prince Harwell V. 
I Berks. 
Rev. W. Milton Hurlock, HeUiogton R. 

Norfolk. 
Rev. Peter Johnson, B.D. Wlttenham &»]§ 

V. Berb. 
Rev. Wyndham Knatchbull, BJ). Alding- 
ton cum Smeetli R. Kent. 
Rev. John Law, B.D. Broadworthy V. De- 
von. 
Rev. W. Molincaux, Sheriff Hales V. Salop. 
Rev. Frederick Parry, Threapwood Perpetual 

Curacy, co. Flint. 
Rev. Hen. Rycroft, Muroby V. co. Lincoln. 
Rev. S. Farmer Sadler, Sutton-under-Brailoa 

R. CO. Glouc. 
Rev. John SymondA, Walcot R. Wilts. 
Rev. T. Vaughan, liillingsicy R. Salop. 
Rev. C. W. St. John Mildmay, Holywell 

Pcrp, Cur. Oxford. 
Rev. John-Page Wood, LL.B. Chaplain to 

Duke of Sussex. 
Rev. Frederick Twisleton, S.C.L. Chaplaiu 

to Bp. Hereford. 
Rev. Thomas Bisalaod, Chaplain to Lord 

Bexley. 

Civil pRxrERMENTs. 

Marquis of Bute elected Recorder of Ban- 
bury, vice \jotA Glenbcrvic, deceased. 

W. Stephen Poyntz, esq. elected High Stew- 
ard of Borough of Huntingdon. 

The llcv. R. Bathurst, M. A. to bo Official 

of the Archdeaconry of Suffolk. 



Memder Returned to Parmamekt. 

Kewcastlcunder-Line, J. E. Denison, esq. 
vice Kinnerslev, dec. 



t »r« ] 



[Ang. 



BIRTHS. 



Lalely. At DeU, the wifr of Capt. M'Cul- 
lock, R.N. ft ton. — At Fulluun, Mn. G. 
Raiket, % son. — AtExmouth, the wife of 
the Rev. Prebendary Dcnnit» a sou. — In 
Edinburgh, the lady of Lieut.-gen. Sir J. 
Hope, a daik — In Great Queen-street, the 
win of Rev. R. H. liarham, a dau. — ^At 
Blackheath, the wife of Capt. Sam. Beadle, 
a ton. — ^At Bath, the wifis of Rev. W. H. 
Ward, a dauw — At Limerick, the wife of Ma- 
jor Reid, a son. — At Morley Rectory, the 
wife of Rev. £dw. Luard, a dan. — At Muze- 
hill, Greenwich, the wife of H. Francis, esq. 
• daughter. 

June 28. The lady of Sir Joseph Rad- 
eliffe, hart, of Campsall, near Doncaster, a 
dau<;hter. 

July 4. The wife of Wm. Wynne Spar- 
row, esq. of Red Hill, Beai<nnaris, a son and 
heir. — 5. At Thurso, Mrs. Lieut. Wm. Gunn, 
H.P. 7Sd Reg. late of Archnal>ow, Suther- 
landshire, a son. — (?. At Hackney, the wife 
of Thos. Pares, jun. esq. M. P. a dau. — 8« 
At Geneva, the ladyof Major*gen. Sir Wm. 
Inglis, K. C. B. a son.— At Wistow Hall, 
CO. Leicester (the mansion of her father, 
Sir Henry Halford, hart.) the wife of Fre- 
derick Coventry, esq. a dau. — 13. At Brewer 
Hall, near Edinburgh, Mrs. Major Bogle, a 
dau. — 1 5. The wife of Lieut.-col. Burgoyne, 
Royal Engiocersi a dau. — lb*. At Woodbo- 



rough, the wife of Rer. T. If. Gale, a loi. 

— 20. In Somernet-street, Portman-sqwc, 
the lady of the Baron Charles da Thicny, t 
son. — 93. AtBnissells, the CoontessofOr- 
mond and Ossonr, a dau. — 93. Mn. Bc^ 
Cole, of Frognaf, Hampsteady a dao^-u 
Sloane-street, the wife of ValentVM Misriiv 
esq. a dau. — 94. At Hull, the wife of Jobi 
Crosse, esq. a sun. — 96. At Crots-st. Idiv- 
ton, Mrs. John Bentley, a son. — 99* li 
Park-lane, the Marchioneai of LoiidoBdwiy> 
a daughter. 

August 1. The wife of the Rcr. Sund 
Sheen, of Hutton, Essex, a diu^— 4. Al 
Yoles Court, the Viscounteis T onine t u e* 
of two sons. — 5. At Wimbome, the wh of 
Isaac Fryer, esq. a daik — 6. At Cunpertfli 
House, Berks, the wife of Capt. W. RUnh- 
wood, R.N. a son. — 8. At Chertsey, dM | 
wife of Capt. Jat. Murray, R.N. a sob.— At 
the Rectory, Bcaconsfield, the wife of dii I 
Rev. John Gould, a dau. — In Langham-pl 
the wife of (the philantropic) FreduiA 
Webb, esq. of a son and heir. — 19. At 
Sandwellyco. Stafford, theCounteuafDut- 
mouth, a s<m. — At Godstonc, the wift of 
Rev. C. J. H<Mtfe, a son. — 15. At HsBP" 
stead, the wife of Andrew SpottiswooMb 
esq. of Bedford-square, a dau. — In Euloe- t 
square, the wife of Gto. Medley^ esq* of 
the East India House, a sod. 



MARRIAGES. 



Latehj. At Raheney, Hon. and Rev. Geo. 
Gore, Dean of Killala, to the widow of late 
T. Bunbury Isaac, esq. of liolvu-nod- house, 

CO. Down. Rev. J. J. W. Turner, of 

Little Hampton, to Miss Hawes, of(!ihis- 
wick.— Rev. T. Davies, Rector of Slirr- 
rington, to Miss Pugh, dun. of Kcv. Dr. 
Pugli, late Rector of Neujuirt, co. Pem- 
broke. Rov. £. Manncrin^, of llumsted, 

to Mary, dau. of Mr. J. Hill, of Whitecha- 

pel. Rev. A. S. Warner, of Watton, to 

Miss Mary-Anne Wolpole, of St. Saviour's. 

^Rev. T. Ricliords, Vicar of Icklcsham, 

to Miss Corbflttc, of WiDchcIsea. At 

Gi^lcswick, Rev. W. Colcroft, of Bolton - 
le-Moors, to Alice, only dau. of Mr. R. 

Bagot, of Lancaster. Rev. W. P. Bag- 

ahaw, of Foleshill, to Anue, dau. of lace 

Rev. J. Sutton, Vicar of Wecklcj. At 

Newbury, Rev. Geo. Mantcll, of Swindon, 
to Mrs. Grav.— — Rev. T. Harrison, of Ti- 
vetshall, to Frances, dau. of Mr. D. Cooper. 

At Harrold, Beds. Rev. J. Walker, to 

Miu £. Brown.— ^— By Special Licence, 
Thoa. William, only sun of latt* Hon. Hios. 
Coventry, of North Cray, to Anne, dau. of 
Hon. J. Coventry, of Spring Hill. John 
Horniblow, esq. of Ship^ton-on StouT) to 



Mi;is Martha Sabin, niece of late T. Sabi>f 

esq. of Richmond, Surrey J. IMoec, 

C9q. of Cheltenham, to Mary-Anne, naif 
dau. of late R. J. Millington, esq. of Gair 

ford-street. At Dublin, F. Bruen, esq* 

to Lady Cath. Nugent, dau. of Earl » 

Westmeath. Capt. Jas. Ryder BnrtoO* 

R. N. son of late Bn. of Killala, to Hofi* 
Mrs. Rurhct dau. (jf late \jotA Dunsaay* 

M. K. Knight, esq. of Bemen-atnelf 

to Marianne, dau. <»f «). H. Holley, eeq. 0V 

Blicking At Whipplngham, Cant. Johtf 

Montagu, 8 1st reg. to Jessv, dau. of Lieat.' 

col. Worsley, R.A. liienj. WilkiiWRit 

esq. solicitor, of Horbling, tn Anne^ only 
dau. of H. Faulkner, tsq. of Kensiogtoa, 

E. Nicholas Hurt, esq. son f>f C.Hart, 

esq. of Wirksworth, tn Caroline, dau. of 

Jos. Strutt, chq. of Derby. At Bath* T- 

N. QuickC, esq. Capt. Drag. Guards, 10 
Sophia, dau. of J. Evcrcd, esq. of Hill- 
hoiisc, Sonicrsrt. 

May 7. Rev. Wm. Harding, of Sawley, 
CO. Derby, to Miss L. K. Thompson* oif 

Rnpley, Hanti John Barclay, eeq. 

of Barnes, Surrey, to Martha, dau. of Joh» 

Hawes, ej.q. of Spring-gardens. ^At Ly- 

mingtf.n, Kcv. N. K. Slojer, t-f Canbsr- 

aiU- 



Marriages. 



177 



\f to Mary-Anne, dau. of lata 

itechurcli, eiq. of Salisbunr. 

Jennings, jun. es^q. of Milfbrd, 
Anna->Susan Bowden, dau. of late 

John Talman, AJVI. Cliristo- 

nt ton of late Ch. Cusack, of 
A, Essex, to Frances, dan. of R. 

, of York-street. At Wands- 

T. 6. Whitlock, to Benedict Anas- 
. of John Pritchard, esq. and niece 

rWilloughby Aston, bart. At 

Bd8r-£d<;e, John Farewell, esq. 
Mraet Militia, to Honoria, dau. of 
L. Harris, esq. of Cheltenham. 
i. Logger, esq. of Catherine Hall, 
ly to Mitt Harriott Dixon, of 
n^^-aqnare^-— At Clifton, lUr. 
OD Rawstone, Rector of Warring- 
deft dau. of late R. Gwitljm, esq. 

> eo. Lancaster. 9. At Heme, 

u Edmiston, esq. of Homerton, to 
iciUa« dau. of Isaac Ro1>son, esq. 

ST. 1 0. At St. George, South- 

uowjer, c»q. of Ragland, to Miss 
rheakston, of Rip<in, Yorkshire. 
iUpleton, John P. Walter, esq. of 
D Sarah, dau. of late John Kin;^, 
B Fishponds- Villa, Gloucestershire. 
. Augustus Colbj, esq. Cnpt. Royal 
I, of Grove House, near Yeovil, to 
irgaret, flau. of E. Dyne, esq. of 
—At Haverfordwest, John Pliil- 
to Miss Amelia Anthony, niece to 

lir W. Jones, bart. At Dublin, 

I. Oram, esq. of Hoyal Scots Greys, 
dan. of John Ball, esq. of Shan - 

Donegal. Capt. D. E. Johnson, 

'oot, to Sarali Ellis, dau. of Isaac 

). of Keiiuington. ^At Carniar- 

ckville, son and heir of Sackville 
esa. of Glanbranc, to Mary, heir- 
18. Morgan, esq. Mayor of Carmar- 
-\i. At Camberwell, Peter, son of 
Cator, of Bcckenbam, to Martha, 
ite Gilbert Alder, of Lavtonstone, 
\t Belchester, Iferwickshire, Hen. 
Hq. to Maria, dau. of late Rev. J. 

iif Legcru'ood. Sam. Bedford 

esq. of Arsley House, Beds, to 
au. of J. Hubbard, esq. of Strat- 

*•, £ssex. Donald Mackinnan, 

Jane, dau. of T. Price, esq. of the 
nd of Mauavon, Montgomeryshire. 
Rer. W. Morgan, Vicar of Cayo 
ynjdd, to Miss (^atb. Thomas, of 
en. 14. At Marylebonc, Dan. 

ra, esq. surgeon, Il.N. to Frances, 

BO. Fennel], esq. Ja?. Cunliffe, 

lackb«mm, banker, to Mary, dau. 

le, esq. of Clifford House, North 

^— Rev. Edw. Booth, Vicar of 

io Lucy-Burrough, dau. of lato 

■Ttridee, Vicar of Boston. 15. 

f of Alfezcote Priory, Warwick- 
Mwy, 3d dau. of T. W. Jee, esq. 



Mao* August, 182S. 

U 



Jwu7* At Forglen House, Jos. Murra\, 
esq. jun. of Aytun, to Grace, dau. uf Sir 

G. Abercromby, bart. 9. In the Isle of 

Man, Richard, only son of Joseph Mellin, 
esq. Wakefield, to tJane, dau. of Hon. Rich. 
Mullins, and grand-dau. of Lord Ventry, of 

Bunham House, co. Kerry. 10. By the 

Very Rey. Dean of Norwich, his only son, 
Wm. Hamilton Turner, esq. to Emily, Sd 
dau. of late Charles Blachely, esq. of Bury. 
— Sam. Frampton Stallard, esq. of Burton- 
crescent, to Eliza-Catherine, dau. of R. Ni- 
chol]s,esq. ofFofr, Lincolnshire.' — AtClap- 
ham, Jas. Thomas, esq. of E. I. C.'s Madras 
civil senricei to Maria, dau. of W. F. Wood- 

eate, esq. ^Horatio Bolingbroke, esq. of 

Norwich, to Hannah-Shaw, dau. of Richard 
Peyton, of Binninghanu 11. At Maid- 
stone, Coartney Stracey, esq. of Hill-green, 
to Charlotte, dau. of W. G. D. Tyssen, tm\. 

of Fitzroy-square. 19. G. Pout, esq. of 

Market-street, to Eliza, dau. of htte Rer. 
G. Smith, Minister of Market-street.— > 
Rev. R. £. Hankinson, of Walnole St. Pe- 
ter's, to Susanna-Mary-Anne : aJso the Rev. 
Martin Boswell, of Southeate, to Dorothea, 
daus. of Rev. Dr.Chatfield,Vicar of Chatteris. 
14. Andrew-Wm. Corbet, esq. of San- 
dome Castle, to Mary-Emma, dau. of late 
John Hill, esq. of Hawkstono Park, grand- 
dau. to Sir J. Hill, bt. and niece to Lord Hill. 

J. R. Raines, esq. 4Glh Reg. to Julia, 

dau. of late £. Jardine, banker, Sevenoaks. 

^At Maryleboue, John, son of Alex. 

M^Neile, esq. of Ballycastle, Ireland, to 
Charlotte-Lavinia, dau. of Sir T. DsJlas, 

K.C.B. 16. At St. Pancras, Jesse, son 

of Jesse Ainsworth, esq. of Wicken Hall, 
Lancashire, to Hannah, dau. of late R. Lees, 

esq. of Oldliam. 17. At Edinburgh, 

Josioh Nisbet, esq. of Madras Civil Service, 
to Rachel, dau. of Sir J. Maijoribanks, bart. 

M. P. At Bittern, Thos. son of late Rev. 

Hugh-Williams Austin, of Barbadocs, to 
Cbarlotte, dau. of late S. Whitchurch, esq. 

of Bristol. IS. At Golden, Tipperary, 

Charles Collins, esq. B. A. eldest son of the 
late C. Collins, esq. of Ashbourne Grove, to 
Anna-Matilda, dau. of R. Creague, esq. of 
Castle Park, Golden, and cousin to Earl of 

Rosse. 19. At Streatham, Geo. Chilton* 

of Inner Temple, esq. Barrister-at-Law, to 
Miss Poore, grand-dau. of G. Wolff, esq. of 
Bal ham-hill, and sister of Sir E. Pooro, Iwrt. 
R ev. James Thomas, of Haverfordwest, 
to Maria, dau. of late B. Gillam, esq. banker, 

of Bristol. 91. At Ashbourne, the Rev. 

H. C. Boutflower, Head Master of Bury 
school, Lancashire, to Harriet, dau. of late 

H.J. Boutflower, esq. 94. At St. James's, 

Charles, son of Sir H. Osenden, bart. of 
Broome Park, Kent, to Elizabeth-Catharine, 
dau. of Rev. Dr. Holcombe, Prebendary of 

Westminster. 30. Hen. Thompson, esq. 

B.A. to Anne-Harrison, dau. of Rev. James 
Belly Vicar of Lympne, Kcnu 



t m ] 



CA<f. 



OBITUARY. 



Marquis Cornwallis. 

JugAG, At bit rrudeiice in UM Bur- 
Un^on-Rireet, thtr Most Nuble Charles 
Coriiwnllis, Marquis and Earl CurnMal- 
lis, Viscount Brouinc, Baruii Cornwallii 
of Eye, ill the couuty uf SuGFulk, and a 
Baromit. 

This ht;;hly-re«perted nobleman wai 
the oi.Iy son uf Ct arks, the first Mar- 
quis, and the illustrious Governor Ge- 
neral of India, (who dipii at Ghauiepoor, 
in the IVoviiice of Benares, on the 5tU 
of October, 1805, Murii out with an ac- 
tive life, spent in the service of his 
country, and covered with honours and 
(lory } by Jemima, the daughter of 
James Jones, esq. 

His Li>rdship wan born on the 19th of 
October, 1774; and in 179b\ w.i-i tlert- 
cd one of tho Knights of the Sliire for 
the county of Suffolk, which honourable 
station he retained till the decease of 
bis father in 1805. On the 17th of 
April, 1797» he married Lady Louisa 
Gordon, the fint daughter of Alexander, 
Duke of Gordon, by Jane, the daugh- 
ter of Sir William Maxwell, bart. and 
by whom he has had issue five daugh- 
ters, viz. Lady Jane, born Oct. 5, 179B, 
and who married May 13, 1819, the 
Hon. Richard Neville, the son and heir 
of Lord Braybrook ; Lady Louisa, born 
Feb. S4, 1801 ; Lady Jemima, horn April 
99» 1803; Lndy Mary, born Nov. 17. 
1804; and Lady Ehzabeth, born Ja- 
nuary, 1807. On the S5th of Mny, 1803, 
be was appointed to the command of 
the Eastern Battalion of Suffolk Militin; 
and in 1805, Master of his Majesty's 
Buck Hounds. 

From the great and deserved estima- 
tion in which his Lordship was uiiiver- 
tally held, his loss will be severely felt 
by his family and friends ; and more 
pftrticularly in the neighbourhood of his 
estates, upon which he generally resided. 
Hii amiable character and unassuming 
disposition ; the mildness and urbanity 
of nil manners ; and the kindness and 
benevolence of his heart, rendered him 
throughout life as beloved as he was re- 
spected. The state of his health had 
been such, as to induce hii medical at- 
tendants to r«*commend a visit to the 
Continent, which he was about to un- 
dertake, when his disease terminated 
fatally. On no other occasion would be 
have deserted his country ; and never 
would he have made the cheapness of 
the Continent a plea for increasing the 
embarrasiments of his countrymen. 

His Lordship dying without heirs male. 



the Marquisate beeomes euinct i but ht 
is succeeded in the Earldom by bis unele, 
tl>e Hon. and Right Rev, James Corn- 
wallis, the venerable Bishop of LiebAcld 
and Coventry. 

This excnipliry Prelate it the third 
son of Charles, the fifth Lord and first 
t-irl f^oriiMralli^. by Elisabeth, the cld- 
e>t daughter of Charles, the second Vis- 
count Townshend. He was born on tbe 
S6th of Feb. 1742, and received the early 
part of his edncaiion at Eton, frua 
whence he was removed to Merton Col- 
lege, Oxford, of which Society he be- 
came a Fellow. He wat appointed 
Chaplain to Marquis Townthend when 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland; and was 
presented by his uncle Frederic, Arcbbi- 
shnp of C<tiiterbury, to the valuable Re^ 
torics of VVruthain', in Kent, and of New- 
ington, in Oxfordsliire. From a Prebend 
of Westminster he was preferred to tbe 
Ileanery of Canterbury, in which be was 
installed April S9» 1775. In 1781, he 
was consecrated Bishop of Lichfield and 
Coventry ; and in 179lt o" the trans- 
lation of Bishop Douglas to the See of 
Salisbury, he succeeded him at Dean of 
Windsor ; which, in 1794, he exchanged 
for that of Durham. He married April 
theSOth, 177 1, Miss Catharine Mann, the 
fourth fiaughter of Galfridus Mann, eiq. 
M.P. for the Borough of Maidstone, by 
Sarah, the daughter of John Gregory, 
esq. and by her (who died Sept. 17, 1811) 
has issue Elizabeth, born in 1774, and 
died in 1813 ; Charles ; Susan j who died 
infants; and James, born Sept. SO. 1771, 
who represented the Borough of Eye in 
the Parliaments of I79G and 1803, and 
who married Dec. 13, 1804, the only 
daughter of Francis Dickens, of Wollas- 
ton Ilall, Northamptonshire, esq. and 
formerly a Knight of the Shire for that 
county. 

Ipntieh, Aug. I C, 1 899. J. F. 



George Nassau, Esq. 

/tug. 18. At his residence in Cherlev- 
street, Berkeley-square, and in the 67lb 
year of his age, George Nassau, esq. 

The noble and illuctrious houte of 
Nassau has produced heroes aUied to 
the greatest Princes of Europe, and re- 
nowned both in the cabinet and tte 
field. 

Henry-Frederick de Nassau, Prince 
of Orani^e, and grandfather to Willfim 
the Third, of glorious memory. Stadt* 
holder of the United Provincef, and 

King 



]«!.] 



Obitvart.— Gtfor^e Nauau, Etq, 



179 



Kini; of Grtat Britain, bad a natural 
MM Frederick de Nassau, whom be eii« 
doved witb tht Lord«bip of Zulettein, 
io the Province of Utrecht, and who 
ibereupon asiumed that name. By bis 
wUe Maiy, the daughter of Sir William 
Kiiligreir, of the County of Cornwall, 
but. and Cbambfrlain to Queen Ca- 
dicrine, the consort of King Charles 
(be Second, he had issue a son and 
beir, William-Henry de Zulestein, a per- 
Mn U(h in favour with King William 
tbe Third, and whom, in consideration 
of bis faithful services and eminent abi- 
lities, as well as of his near alliance to 
biffl ID blood, (bat Monarch was pleased 
to create, by Letters Patent, bearing 
date the lOtb of May, 1695, Baron of 
EnBeld, in the County of Middlesex, 
Vbieouiit Tunbridge in Kent, and Earl 
of Rochford, in the County of Essex. 
Hii Lordship purchased of Sir Henry 
Wingfield, barf, (a branch of a very an- 
tiest and widely-extended family in 
Siffolk) the Manor of Easton in that 
County, with the remainder of his es- 
tttes in the neighbourhood ; and made 
tbst place his occasional residence. 

Prooi this illustrious personage is 11- 
■etlty descended the late George Nas- 
iso, esq. 

His father, tlie Hon. Ricbard-Savage 
NsMso, was the second son of Frede- 
rick, the third Earl of Rochford, by 
Bcsiey, the eldest daurhter of Richard 
Ssvaise, the fourth Earl Rivers, and was 
.bora on the 1st of June, 1723; and on 
tbe 84th of Dec. 1751, married Eliza- 
brtb, the sole daughter and heir of Ed- 
*ini Spencer, of Rnndlesham, in the 
CouDty of Suffolk, esq. and the widow 
ff James, the third Duke of Hamilton 
in Scotland, and the second Duke of 
Bnndon in England. By this Lady he 
^ issue Lury, who was born on the 
U of Nov. 1752, and who died unmar- 
^^i William-Henry, horn June tbe 
^^$ 1754, and who, on the decease of 
fcU oncle, William-Henry, the fourth 
^1 of Rochford, succeeded him in bis 
honours ; and George, the subject of 
'be pieseut notice. Mr. Nassau pur- 
cbased Easton of the Eari, his elder 
^ber, and made it for several years 
kw constant residence. He was like- 
•iie one of tbe Clerks of the Board of 
Gnen Cloth, and a Representative io 
^lament for (he Borou^^h of Maiden ; 
M^ departed this life in May, 1780, the 
)W previous to tbe demise of his bro- 
^f Her Grace died on the 9tb of 
*i«nA, 1771. 

Mr. Nassau was born on the 5th of 
*t^ 1756, and inherited from the will 
*f Sir Joho Fitch-Barker, (who died Jan. 



3, 1766) of Grimston Hall, in tbe Parish 
of Trimley St. Martin, in Suffolk, hart, 
(a family now extinct in the County} 
considerable possessions ; and for some 
time resided in that Parish. In 1805 
he served tbe office of High Sheriff of 
the County. Of lale years, however, 
Mr. Nassau has constantly resided in 
town, with the exceptions of his annual 
visits to his friends at Wolverston. On 
the l^tli he was seized with a paralytic 
affection, under tbe effects of which he 
lingered until the IStb following, when 
he expired, to tbe inexpressible grief of 
bis friends and acquaintance. 

Mr. Nassau was an universal favou- 
rite, inasmuch as he possessed those 
qualities, of which mankind are seldom 
Jealous, and which they are ever ready 
to recommend. But bis genuine per-' 
sonal character could only be Justly ap- 
preciated by those who witnessed him 
in his domestic circle. Here be was 
eminently distinguished for those vir- 
tues which form tbe chief ornament of 
private life. With a suavity and urba- 
nity of manners peculiarly attractive, 
he united an ardour and activity of be- 
nevolence to a temper liberal, disinte* 
rested, and humane. Adorned with the 
graces of external accomplish me nts^ ac- 
quired at a period when independence 
and politeness, not servility and adula- 
tion, were tbe characteristics of a gen- 
tleman, his easy condescension endeared 
him not only to the circle in which he 
moved, but also to those with whom the 
forms and fashion of tbe world rendered 
it necessary that he should associate. 
He possessed in perfection tbe 

** Morum dulce roelos, et agendi semita 
simplex." 

Though he lived much with the great, 
his roaniiers were not proud or arro- 
gant ; they were tlie pure and simple 
courtesies of life ; the courtesies which 
proceed from Christian benevolence, and 
a lively apprehension of the feelings of 
others. His piety to his Maker was zea- 
lous ; his faith in his Redeemer un- 
shaken; his affection to his friends con- 
sistent ; and his charity to those around 
him judicious and unostentatious. Be- 
loved, respected, and admired by all who 
knew him, he will live, as long as ever 
man lived, in the memory and affection 
of his friends. 

While, therefore, they deeply lament 
the too sudden termination of such ex- 
alted virtues, they will console them- 
selves with the reflection (lo use the 
words of an eminent writer in the dc- 
linnalion of his own rharactrr) that 
" if he relieved the wauU 'dM ^v«\.i«»»sv^ 



180 Obitvait. — George Nattau, £19.— 7%e Akbi MaeqmtL [AMg* 



of tht unbappj without ostentation ; 
did Juttirc without intemt; maintain- 
ed his own iiidependenoe without pride 
or iMolencc ; moderated hit attachment 
10 escenial objectf, and placed hit af- 
feetionc on thoic above, troEting to bare 
to patted through things Ivmporal at fi« 
nallv to lose not the things that are 
eternal, he will be found by tbem to 

have lived enoogb !" 

Attached, at an early period of life, 
to the Arts and Literature of hit Coun- 
try, at well at to the investigation of itt 
Antiquitiety Mr. Nassau long held adis- 
tin^ished rank among the collectort of 
rare and curiout workt. Potsctsed of 
an ample fortune, by which he nas en- 
abled to gratify bis wi»bet and propen- 
tity, and which he did without regard 
to ezpence, he spared no pains in the 
formation and extension of bis Library. 
In thii honourable and praise- worthy 
pursuit, bis tatte in selecting, wat no 
lett conspicuous than hit zeal in ac- 
quiring, whatever was scarce and valu- 
able in the variout branches of Lite- 
rature, from the earliest period to the 
present time. His favourite classes, 
however, were early English Poetry, the 
Drama, Topography, and Hittory. In 
the two latter departments, his collec- 
tion compritet the bett and mott valu- 
able works, many of which are on large 
paper, and illustrated with a profusion 
of drawings, prints, and portraits ; and 
is further enriched by an extensive se- 
ries of the rarest Historical TracU. His 
tomei of Old English Poetry and Dra- 
matic Works are numerous; his Books 
of EmI'lems unique; and in the Mis- 
cellaneous productions of the English 
Press, during the rtigns of $2"^^" Kli- 
sabetb and King James the First, most 
extensive. Surrounded by his favourite 
book§, and in the true enjoyment of the 
*< otium litrrarium cum dignitate,** to 
him, as Prospero says, 



'* bin Library 



Was Dukedom large enuugh ;*'— 

aiul even to the close of his life, few 
days pK«ftrd which did not witness some 
choice and valuable additifui to his rich 
and curious tre.isures. 

To the elucitlation of the Antiquities 
of Suffolk, his attrntion was early di- 
rected ; and bis Collections in this, his 
favourite department, are most ample 
and profusely »nriched with accurate 
draviiii::^ of Churches, Monuments, 
Seats, Buddings, &c. His productions 
from the peniils of Rooker, Heame, 
mod Bvrne ; and of his native artists, 
Ciaiii^boruugb, Frost, and Johnson, are 
nunirrous and highly valuable; and his 
engraved prints and poMraits^ in illus- 



tration of this branch of pamrfc, Mt 
equally ample. The Bmiiy aBall ait^ 
eles of unfreqoent oceuneneet of Ptaa^ 
pheeiet, of Wonderful Relatiooi, aad 
of Witeherafts, which enrich this de- 
partment, are well worthy of mttc«tioii» 
and fiilly evince with whaC a keoBBMS 
and an ardoar he soagbi for 

"Tbe small, rare Volume^ Uaek with 
tamUh'd gold." 

Indeed, a more choice or ▼aluable tna- 
sure of Suffolk Topography , and of 
works in illustration of it, has htca 
seldom or ever collected. 

His .MS. Collection, which it exten- 
sive, is enriched with fine copies of 
** R>ece*« Collections of the Antiquities 
of Suffolk," once in the poiscision of 
Arthur Collin^, esq. the author of the 
" Peerage of England ;*' and afterwards 
of Nicholas Revett, esq.; andof *'Hawcs* 
History or Memoirs of FramlinghaiBt 
and Loes Hundred in Suffolk ;*' both il- 
lustrated with the arms of the familiet 
of the county, beautifully emblaioucd. 

In the *• Repertorium BiblMfiaphi- 
cum," are enumerated several choici 
articles in Mr. Nassau's Libraiy. 
. JjMwick, ^Mg. 20, 1 823. J. P. 



The Abbe Angb-Dbnis Macgoiiii 
l*be Abb^ Macquin, descended of 
Scotch Ancestry, was bom at Means en 
Brie, in the department of the Seine and 
Marue, in France, in the year 1756, and 
was educated in the College of that dtyp 
where his extraordinary proficiency In 
classical learning obtained for him, at an 
early age, the rank of Professor of Rht> 
toric and Belles- Lett res, which he held 
for several years, together with an Eccle- 
siastical Benefice in the neigh bourhoud. 
Previously to the eventful period of 
the Revolution, the literary talents off 
this gentleman had rendered him con- 
spicuous in the province in which he re- 
sided i and an honest conviction of tiM 
baneful effects of the principles which 
were disseminated throughout France at 
that time, having induced him to cmpkjr 
his pen to expose their demoraliiinf 
character, in a Jounial published in hit 
native city, he became an object of 
menace and violence, when all attcBfCia 
by the offer of the highest prefei 
in the Church, were found to be ii 

cient to persuade him to Join tho 

tionary fanaticks of the day. Tttm 

the principles in which ha had fai 

educated, and unshaken in the rcetiCaAi 
of his conduct, he resigned his PmfsiBiii 
shi|i, as soon as it appeared to him ChM 
a longer continuance in a public MB* 
ploy men t would have been iiicompatiUt 
wiih those pimciplcs, and lived, fbr 

som 



1898J] Obituary.— 7%« Abbi Ang^Drnt Maequm. 181 

MNBt U11M9 upon th« incomt of a imall public under hit own name. He com- 

fatiimonial estate; until, at length, a piled the Catalogue of the Library off 

diicet attack upon hit life compelled the Medical Society^ printed an the year 

him to retire from a icene of horror and 1804 1 wai the author of a Treatise upon 

blaodshed, and to leek an asylum in Heraldry and Knighthood, as well as a 

toother country. Survev of London, and other articles, in- 

la the month of September 179? be serted in the Encyclopsedia Londinensis 1 

Mt Meauz, anil, after encountering in- alio, of an ingenious Essay upon the 

nsBerahle perils in traversing the coun- Pagilistic Games of the AiacientSy ex* 

try towards the coast, arrived at St. Va> tracted from the Greek and Latin Au- 

loy, where he embarked, and, in a few thors, vihich appeared in the Sporting 

hoan reached the shores of England: Magazine in 1817 and 1818; to which 

inteful to that PruTidence which had publication he also contributed a great 

conducted him to a country where his number of articles upon tbe Fine Arts, 

life was in safety, and where, in com- as well as upon subjects of Literature. 

mon with his unfortunate countrymen. He was employed in editing an improved 

be was received with kindness and hu- re-print of Bellinger's Dictionary of 

■inity. He took up bis abode at Hast- French and English Idioms, recently 

in{(, and applied himself to the study of published by Sherwood and Co. ; and, 

the English language, to which he was having a great taste for lexicographical 

pnviously a perfect stranger, with so knowledge, he devoted much of bis 

■ueh success, that in the course of a time, towards the close of his life, in 

k9 oionths, he was enabled to address a illustrating the last edition of Johnson's 

coBposition, In English blank-verse, to Dictionary ; the result of which, under 

agnitlsman of considerable literary ac- the title of " Etymological Gleanings,^ 

({Qirements^ in a style of grammatical it was his intention to have offered to 

•ecortey rarely equalled by a foreigner, tbe public. His Latin Poem, entitled* 

even iffter a long course of study. " Tabella Cibaria, or the Bill of Fare/' 

Altopetherdependentupouhisownper- illustrated by copious and highly enter- 
ioasl»ertions,inastrange land, without taining notes, published about three 
Crimds or pecuniary resources, the Abb^ years since, was composed by hira soon 
bad hitherto supported himself, and as- after bis arrival in this country, and 
ated some of his suflfering companions is a work displaying considerable in- 
in nisrortune, by the sale, for very trill- genuity and classical learning, 
itf Sams, of liis sketches of some of the An amateur of the Fine Arts, he 
pictumque scenery in tbe neighbour- possessed a thorough knowledge of the 
Bood of Hastings ; when, in the early various schools of Painting; and his 
part of the year 1793, the present Norroy judgment of ancient pictures, which bat 
Kins^of Arms, to whom he had been ac- been frequently available to several 
eidentally introduced, soon after his eminent Collectors, has been rarely sur- 
mivil in England, suggested to bim passed. He sketched with great spirit 
the enployment of his pencil in heralclic and effect ; and bis heraldic employment 
^iipis. The offer was accepted ; his placed bim in the way of exercising his 
pencil, which, in tbe more auspicious taste upon several public occasions. 
«a^ of his life, had been a source of The Car, which bore the mortal remains 
annsement in the hours of relaxation of the heroic Nelson to St. Paul's Cathe- 
fna study, was destined to secure to dral, was designed by him, and the well- 
bin an honourable independence ; and, applied motto *< Hotte devicto requieint" 
from that period, he became attached to on one of the compartments, was consi- 
tbe College of Arms as an heraldic dered highly creditable to bis classical 
dran^tsman, and had the happiness, taste. He also prepared the design for 
daring a long series of years, to enjoy the new Throne in the House of Lords, 
tbe friendship of many of its members, approved by his Majesty, which was exe- 
among whom the late Sir Isaac Heard, cuted under his immediate direction. 
Garter, entertained for him the highest After the conclusion of the war in 
Kjtard. 1814, he visited France for a short time; 

Tbe Abb^ Macquin*s habits of life but, having during the revolution been 
•ere very retired, constantly dedicating deprived of most of those friends and 
\k leisure to literary pursuits : and he connexions which alone could have at- 
Mde himself so well acquainted with tached him to his native country, and 
tbe English language, that, in the course bis habits of life having, during the long 
sf fbe last fifteen years, he edited several period of his exile, become more English 
works of considerable merit ; though, than French, he returned to England, 
ftoB a feeling of diffidence, as a fo- and determined to pass the remainder of 
reigner, be could not be prevailed upon his days in his adopted eoufilt^« 
tp mUow tbem to be put forth to tbe If the Abb^ Mic^m\u ^aa ^%\u\f^V- 



189 Obituary. — Rev, Wi^ilen Butler, [As^. 

ed for bis classical taste and learnings, to Improve bU iiitrllectaal poweit* and 

he was no lc«8 so for tbe substantial en- to prepare and fit himself for entering 

dowroents wbicb adorn the character of into holy orders. About this interest- 

an honest man. He was born and cdu- iiig: crisis, bj which the whole tenor of 

cated in the Roman Catholic faith: but his life was to be materially dctemiinedi 

bis religious principles were marked by he frequented (not without an eye tu 

■ feeling of liberality and benevolence ; steady inquiry and rigorous diserimina- 

his manners were cheerful, his memory tion) all the celebrated Cburcheia cba* 

retentive ; and, had he sought to extend pel;?, and meeting-houses, within and 

the circle of bis acquaintance, few mcn« around the metropolis. Tbe result of 

perhaps, possessed, in a higher degree, his search after truth fixed his choice, 

the requisite qualifications for polished and he devoted his time thenceforth with- 

•ociety. out vvavering to tbe service of his God, 

He died in Bermondsey-strect, in the as a humble minister of Christ's Gospel, 

borough of Southwark, on the 17th of and a firm member of tbe £itablisb- 

July, and was interred in the Church of ment, upon the fullest conviction of its 

St.Juhu Horsleydown, on the 22(1 of the excellence. The systematic course of 

tame months having nearly completed his classical and theological readingi 

his 67th year. which he never entirely laid aside, was 

in an essential measure chosen, directed. 

Rev. Weeubn Butler. and aided, by that variously-gifted bat 

Ju^f 14. At Greenbilly near Harrow, unhappy character, tbe eloquent, the 
without struggle or groan, after a learned, the polite, the humane, the 
month's confinement to bis chamber, gay, vain, extravagant, dissipated, band- 
by gradual and very perceptible decay, some, very popular preacher. Dr. Wil- 
calm, patient and resigned, in the liam Dodd; to whom, in bis turn, be 
eight v-flrst year of his age, the Rev. acted as an assiduous and indefatigable 
Wecden Butler, senior, the last of tbe amanuensis, from l^64 till his patron's 
founders of the Society meeting in Cra- ignominious end in June 1777*1-. 
ven-street. Strand, for the Discharge Dr. Dodd's ** Commentary on tbe 
and Relief of persons imprisoned for Holy Bible," a work in three volumes. 
Small Debts, and one of the founders of folio, begun in 1765 and published in 
The 3ea-Bathing Infirmary, at his 1770, wa« in part carefully compiled, 
birth-place, in 1793. Etioperpetua J and altogether written out fairly for tbe 

This venerable man was born in High- press by the Rev. Weeden Butler, who 
street, Margate, xxii. Sept O.S. ; in. also assisted in editing the four last vo- 
Oct. N.S. 1743 ) tbe sixth son of Daniel lumes of *• The Christian's Magazine," 
Butler, esq. a reputable solicitor of that and revised tbe rough copy and corrected 
place. At the age of fourteen years, he the proof sheets of the poem in blank 
bad lost both his parents; and, there- verse '* Thoughts in Prison X." In tbe 
fore, with his own free will and consent, last singularly affecting coropositioo 
was articled by an elder brother, Mr. occur lines so indicative of the worth of 
Richaird Butler, of Rye, apprentice and the person eulogized and of the con- 
clerk, for the term of six years, to Mr. demned author's gratitude, that we sub* 
Benjamin Rosewell, of Angel-court, join them with pleasure : 
Throgmort«i.-.treei, London, attorney « But, 1 am lost ! « criminal adjudr-d I 

«.d solictor*. A piiUymiicre«nt!-Can.t thou think 

Tbe enKacement «a( made on tbe ' fj_„j „ J? ' 

S4th Dec. 1757; but when the stipu- oh Bu^fll'midst a miUio 7iJiw 

lated term expired, notw.thstandmg Mr oh canst thou think, who knowst, who 

Rosewell demonstrated the most perfect ^ j^„j ^J^^ ''«» *«» 

approbation ofbisserviccs, by offering o ^ i„„^^^ ,^„, ^^^ ^ 

accept the young freeman gratuitously '' ^y^^^ jj^^ „*^^ """ ^bibk 

for a partner in business, the subject of ' ' 

this memoir renounced for ever the pro- ^r. Dodd was licenced on tbe SdOct 

Cession of the law, on conscientious 1767, to be the morning preacher io 

grounds, and resolved, by dint of still Charlotte-street Chapel, Pimlico, and 

liarder study and tbe most diligent and ^^ pppointed his amanuensis to be the 

intense application of heart and mind, reader in that then fashionable house of 

* '1 his house is now tbe well-known f See our poetical department for 

office of Messrs. Dawes and Cbatfield, this month. 

•olicitors, the former gentleman the t See in Gent. Mag. for 172)0, p. 1077; 

nephew, and both gentlemen the pupils and Gent. Mag. for 17.03, pp. C33, ftc. 

of the clergy niiin whose loss we respect- some pathi'tio notires of his dead friend, 

fuUy announce. I>e!med by Mr. Butler, sen. 

prayer. 



IMS.] OBiTUART.-^/fe0. Weeden Builer. 183 

Ipayrryinwb'rbQueenChirloCte constant- reiponsible and important pou in 1820, 

Ij rented four very capacious pe«i for at first to the hie of Wight^ next to 

tht huuflehotd until her Majesty*! dcatli. Bristol, finally to Greenhill. 
On the 8-lth February, 1776, the Doc- The fullowiiig: letter frotn the Botani- 

torresifTnedhi^ office ofmorning preacher cat Professorof Cambrifl^e, co-proprietor 

in tbe Chapel ; and Dr. Courtcnay, rec- of Charlotte-street Chapel, on the occa- 

tor of Saint George's, Hanover square, sion of Mr. Butler's reluctant secession 

•t tbe I>octor'i request, nominated in from the scene of his earliest ministry, 

Ui room tbe deservlni^ reader ; i%ho i^ far too honourable to the Professor 

VII licenced accordin^rly and by pur- and to the memory of tbe defunct, to be 

(hue became the proprietor of one omitted : 

^irter part of the concern, officiating '< My dear Sir, I ought to have 

therein zealnu^ly and nrgularly up to answered your favour of the 8th instant 

tbeyear IR14. In 1778, he was lecturer sooner, and might certainly have done 

ofSt. Clementy Eastcheap, and St. Mar- it ; but time runs on insensibly, and my 

tinOrgar*. ability for writing is very small. As I 

On tbe 16th Dpc. 177 It Mr. Butler enter on my eightieth year on Tuesday 
■inM Miss Ann Giberiie, of Parlia- next, 1 have reason to be thankful 
•ent-ttreet, Westminster. By thiii lady that I am able to read or write at 
hp bad issue, four sons and a daughter, all, that I can walk about my pre- 
Tvo ions (one an infant) and his wife mi«es nnd drive myself in my gig ; and, 
died before him. For more than forty above all, that 1 can yet prench every 
jearsbe was master of a classical school, Sunday. 1 was truly gratified to find 
ii which be educated bis three sons ; that you intend removing to Gayton : 
vii, 1. the Rev. Weeden Butler, M. A. of both because the retirement to soplea- 
Chekea, bis successor to chapel morn- lant and healthy a situation and quit- 
v^ duty and to the fcbool, rector of ting the bustle and fatigues in which 
Great Woolttone, Bucks, and lecturer you have been engaged, must be very 
of Brompton Chapel, Kensington } 2. agreeable at your time of life ; and also 
the Rev. George Butler, D. D. of Har- because the flock will not be left to a 
row, bead-master of the school, and common hireling, but will, I am well 
rcetor of Gayton, Northamptonshire ; persuaded, be duly fed with the most 
3. Cbarlrs-William Butler, evq. captain salutary food. This is an object which 
of the William Pitt extra Eaf;t India- must be near the heart of every consci- 
•An, who, on the 17th Dec. I8i:i, was eiitious clergyman. It is melancholy 
ihipwrerked with all his crew, during a to see several of our neighbouring pa- 
tremendous gale at midnight, ofTAIgoa rishes without so much as a resident 
Biy, after firing f>everal half- minute curate, served irregularly once on tbe 
•ipial-gun4. Upon the confirmed intel- Sunday in haste. Accordingly, Dissen- 
ligence of this melancholy catastrophe, ter<i swarm in them all ; and in one of 
letters innumerable of sweet or bitter them, there are sometimes five or six 
ivport, of sympathy the roost unfeigned persons in the Church, and five or six 
indpief the most sincere, and likewise hundred in the meeting. In thi4 parish 
ofian^ine contradictory assurances the there are only five or six Dissenters, 
Boit plausible and artificial, flowed in and they are among the lowest of the 
M nninternipted stream from different people, not scrupling to come to Church, 
ehannels upon the anxious, pious, Chris- and sending their children to tbe Sun- 
tiaa father; and, what might have been day-school. The cause of this probably 
fonseen ensued : the quick and severe is, that the rectors have been constantly 
tllernations of justifiable alarm and of resident ever since tbe Reformation, 
uofuunded hope, incessantly productive For the last hundred and twenty years 
oflitlle less than paroxysms of sorrow my family have been both Patrons and 
ud juy, of resignation and rapture, thus Rectors ; and we, having also more than 
fruitlffsily upheld for many months after half the property of the parish, have 
the grand shock bad been endured, and considerable influence in it. Indeed, 
■pheld too even by professional men many of the farmers have been either 
vbo ought to have reasoned better, servants themselves in the family, or 
•{itated much an aged frame by nature have married serv.ints from it. 1 have 
Tigomu«, but always delicately sensitive, three tenants, brothers, and sons of a 

In 1814, by the advice of friends, the lervant, who was also clerk of the pa- 

Mibject of the present article retired rish : industrious young men, two of 

from Chelsea to tbe recluse village of them bringing up families with comfort, 

Cayton, where remotis arhitris he admi- the third having only one son. I did 

nhly discharged the duties of Curate to not know that your son Mr. Wecdeti 

bis ion, till increasing infirmitie« con- Butler had so nuroerouii tiiiiUvA'j. \ k^- 

PeikdtheVeterMntonitbdraw from that cent him cheer?u\W ?« \out uvccif*«.oT. 



164 



Obituary.— Aeo. ffeeden Butler. 



Wich my complimentB and {:ood wishes 
tu buth yuur sons, and earnest prayers 
for your comfort in your new stiuation, 
I remain, my dear Sir, your very faith- 
ful friend and servant, 
«• Pertenhall, 38M ^iioa Martvn " 

Of the unasiuminf^ Gospel Minister 
undar our consideration although no 
action can be mentioned calculated to 
surprize and astonish, yet many were 
the charitable deeds which bis right 
band wrought and his left band knew 
not: and much might be recorded in 
fall proof of spiritual merit of no com- 
mon order. In his ordinary intercourse 
with mankind be acted with upright in- 
tentions i and, although sometimes dis- 
appointed and deceived, he deceived, 
be disappointed none. His word was 
truly his bond; and he fulfilled it, not 
unfrequently to bis own hindrance. As 
a son he was dutiful and affectionate, as 
an apprentice submissive and docile, as 
an amanuensis skilful and intelligent, as 
a husband attentive, gentle, and kind, 
as a father mild, indulgent, and impar- 
tial, as an instructor of youth courteous 
and forbearing, us a friend faithful and 
constant, as a master of a regular fa- 
mily punctual and condescending, as a 
subject loyal to his prince j in every dis- 
tinct department of social life, in short, 
he shone forth a blameless pattern to 
his children and to his neighbours. But, 
viewed as a Clergyman of the Established 
Church of England, he exhibited loftier 
qualifications and more splendid endow- 
ments. Called to the ministry by no 
worldly considerations, he acted from 
principle not for lucre of gain. Receiv- 
ing his sacred commission from heaven, 
be obeyed, and cast Mammon behind 
him. He preached on temperance and 
righteousness, and he was a temperate 
and righteous man. He felt exactly as 
be taught« From his pulpit he enforced 
the saving and sound doctrine of Faith 
wltb Good Works : he himself believed 
the pure Gospel of Christ ; he himself 
took up his cross and followed his ador- 
able Redeemer through t horns and briars ; 
be himself meekly let his light shine 
before his fellow mortaU that they 
might see his works and glorify his God. 
Of his purse often bounteous and always 
liberal in due proportion to his means ; 
of his advice and recommendation and 
labours of love, never sparing or dilatory 
in the hour of trial and distress} to the 
close nf his active and useful pilgrimage 
he possessed and he uniformly displayed 
a geiicroub heart, a sagacious head, an 
bouest and unclenched hand. Honoured 
in his congregation when alive, by 
nombers whom he esteemed and Icved, 



LAW- 

he died in a good old age wUbout har- 
bouring one tbought of unkindncss« and 
without leaving to bis knowledge om 
enemy. His practice corresponded to hii 
profession. His conduct tbroughoat tbt 
busy week bore witness to I be lanetity 
of his precepts, whikt his preeepCs oa 
the Sabbath-day inculcated with nnetioa 
and holy fervour, piety, plain HleaJiogy 
peace, and good will. Hii diet aim^ 
his meal temperate, his draught! limited i 
he was constitutionally and babttnaUy 
abstemious and sober. Hit oorporeal 
and mental faculties, of coune, wen 
weapons keen and bright, worn by oie^ 
not rust ; for, alert and active in dis- 
position and .from youtb accuatOflMd 
to toil, in health he rose betioMt by a 
settled plan, whilst bis repose was ua* 
certain and mainly depended on tb^ 
value and pressure of immediate duties ) 
since very early had he fixed the solrnB 
purpose not unnecessarily to defer what- 
ever he could perform. Even bit slightest 
amusements were wisely and conscien- 
tiously chosen ; and, whilst they tended 
to relax the mind, recruited the spirits, and 
repaired and refreshed instead of enervat- 
ing the body. In his strength of man* 
hood, he now and then gardened, bowl- 
ed, fished, sailed, travelled ; but, be 
never danced, he never bunted, be never 
gamed ; he was consistent. 

In March 1786 he planned, and, in 
September 1787 with the aid of pecu- 
niary contributions sanctioned by the 
Hon. and Rev. Wm.- Bromley Cadogan, 
be instituted, theChelsea Sunday Schools. 
*' Thus, being dead, he yet speaketh." 

A revered parent's remains were placed 
in the family vault at Chelsea by tbt 
executors, his two surviving sons. 

His late Royal Highness the Duke of 
Kent had a great regard for Mr, Butler. 
In a letter to the late James Neild, esq. 
dated Quebec, 4ih Nov. 1791, hit Royal 
Highness says, <* You will be pleased to 
thank Mr. Butler for the Sermon he bat 
been so good as to present me with; M 
also for the very polite letter which ae> 
companied it. He may^ depend, when 
my establishment shall at a future period 
be formed, on my remembering the pro- 
mise J made him when at Carlton-house.** 
Accordingly, on the 20ih May, 1739, 
the Duke of Kent appointed Mr. Butler 
one of bis Domestic Chaplains. 

Mr. Butler's writings, were many and 
multifarious ; but his known publica* 
tions are few and mostly rc-printt of 
other writers. Among these the follow- 
ing are a«certained : 

I. «The Cheltenhsm Guide." 8f«. 
original ; i\ <* Single Sermons," 4to. and 
8vo. original ; 3. ** Jortin's Tracts," 9 
vols. Bvo. 1790, much enlarged i 4. 

" Wikoeks' 



IflS.)] Obituakt.— Ito. Wudm Buikr. — WiUiam CoomU, E$q. 185 

"WilMckt* Roman ConTemlloot," 8 
vtb. 8yo. 1797 ; 5. " Memoirs of Mark 
HBitfleyy D. D. Lord Bishop of Sodor 
aad Mann» and Master of Sberbum 
Hoipital ; ondcr whose auspices Tbb 
Hmt ScaiPTuact were translated into 
IJbeManks Lanpai^e," 8vo. 1799, origi- 
aal I 6. '* An Aeeoont of the Life and 
Writincs of the Rer. Geor^ Stanhope, 
DlD. Dean of Canterbnry, author of the 
Vmphraae and Comment on the Epis- 
tlnand Goapclt/' 8vo. original. 

He most materially assisted his friend 

■d eo-aiQutor the late James Neild, 

SM|. in preparini^ for the preis a third 

Maa of the " Account of the Society 

■efting in Craren-street, published in 

18K %** and still more so in the enlarged 

ImI edition of 1813, every line of which 

I W twice transeribed ; and also took 

■fw himself the labour of correcting 

tk proof sheets. All these works he 

! "^ isperiateiided gratuitously for others or 

I yiietcd at his own sole expence.— ** La- 

\m ipse volnptas : Gloria l)eo/' 

[ Hudly one charitable Institution ra- 

Im io London, to which Mr. Butler's 

pipaUr oratory did not essentially coii- 

tribate credit and eash. 

k very fine portrait of Dr. Dodd, 

I pmtfd by Gainsborough, and a large 

fsirto ▼oliime of the Doctor's unedited 

pieaf in MS. bound, including a tragedy 

cdkd " The Syracusan," and a comedy 

cilM ** Sir Roger de Coverly," are left 

^ Mr. Bntler to his legatees. The por- 

tnit ii (he only likeness eitant. The 

Kms are pleasingly composed. Rev. 
lip Dodd and Rev. Weeden Butler, 
issior, possess all the Doctor's unprinted 



Mr. Butler was also, by desire of the 
Kalieo and Chelsea Volunteers in 1798, 
chaplain to their united corps that form- 
•d '^TViB Qubbm's Voluntebrs." He 
M a Freemason. Thus in these few 
wtlsH and hurried lines is related, to 
hwiSB eyes, the tenor of a Christian's 
lfe,eseeeding fourscore years : uf which 
the gentle possessor never wished to live 
over again one day. B. 

William Coombb, Esq. 

Aw 19. At his apartments. Lam- 
hnb-road, in his 83d year, Wm. Coombe, 
CK|> a gentleman long known to the 
litcnry world by his various produc- 
tions, trat who never affixed his name to 
hiivorks. 

He was educated at Eton and Oxford. 
Hs possessed great talents, and a very 
inc person, as well as a good fortune, 
vUtb, nnbappily, he soon dissipated 
saoBg the lugh connections to which 
Im tutnts and attainments introduced 

Gmr. Udo, jA^^fsf, 1883, 

12 



bim, and he subsequently passed through 
many vicissitudes of life, which at length 
compelled him to resort to Literature 
for support. Innumerable are the works 
of taste and science which were sub- 
mitted to his revision, and of whieh 
others had the reputation. A lore of 
show and dress, but neither gaming or 
drinking, was the source of his embar- 
rassments. He was indeed remarkably 
abstemious, drinking nothing but water 
till the last few weeks of his life, wheik 
wine was recommended to him as a me- 
dicine. But, though a mere water 
drinker, his spirit at the social board 
kept pace with that of the company. 
He possessed musical knowledge and 
taste, and formerly sung in a rerj 
agreeable manner. His conversation 
was always entertaining and Instmctive) 
and he possessed a calm temper with 
▼cry agreeable manners. He was twice 
married. His second wife, who is noir 
alive, is the sister of Mrs. Cosway, and 
possessed of congenial taste and talents. 

He originally excited great attention 
in the fashionable world, by a poem, en- 
titled *< The Diaboliad," in two parts, 
the second of which was far inferior to 
the first The hero and heroine were gene- 
rally understood to be a nobleman and a 
ducbess lately deceased. '*The Philo- 
sopher of Bristol," &c. and *' The Flat- 
tering Milliner, or modern Half-hour,** 
performed at Bristol in 1775, were like- 
wise by bim ; as was '* The Devil upon 
Two Sticks in England," being a conti- 
nuation of " Le Diable Boiteux of Le 
Sage," 4 vuls. I790| Sd edit. 6 vols. ISroo. 
1810; in which many very distinguished 
characters at that period were intro- 
duced, and the whole entitles him to 
the name of the English Le Sage, which 
some have t>een pleased to confer upon 
him, though far inferior to Le Sage's 
work. He was the author also of several 
political pamphlet*, which made a con- 
siderable impression on the publick, 
among which were ** The Royal Inter- 
view," *' A Letter from a Country Gen- 
tleman to his Friend in Town," <* A 
Word in Season," " The Letters of Va- 
lerius on the State of Parties/' 8vo. 
1804, and many others. He also wrote 
those letters nhicb appear under the 
title of '< Letters of the late Lord Lyt- 
telton." 

Within the last few years, under the 
liberal patronage of Mr. Ackermann, 
who continued to be a generous friend 
to him till his last moments, he brought 
forth a work which became very popular 
and attractive, under the title of <* The 
Tour of Doctor Syntax in search of the 
Picturesque." U waft oiif^aXVf \tiwtv 

«4 



180 Obituary.— ^itiiam Coomhef Esq.—Wm. NohU, Eiq. [ing. 



ed in tbe Poetical Magazine, pablished 
by Mr. Ackermann, hut afterwanlB re- 
printed in Bto. 1812 ; 3d edit. 18 13, and 
lubiequent editions. This work, which 
he extended to a '' Second and Third 
Tour," with nearly the same spirit and 
humour which characieriMd tbe first, will 
for ever rank among the most humorous 
productions of British literature. He 
afterwards produced poems, entitled, 
'• Tbe English Dance uf Death,*' and 
" Tbe Dance of Life," which were wrii- 
ten with the sami; spirit, humour, and 
knowled^fe of mankind that marked the 
other works, ilis last piicm wa<< '* The 
History of Johnny Quee Genus, The Lit- 
tle Foundlini; uf the late Dr. Syntax." 
All these wurki were illustrated by some 
admirable prints fn»ui the destt^iis of 
Mr. Rowlandson. 

For Mr. Ackermann he also wrote 
<< History of We>itmiuMcr Abbey,'* 3 
vols. 4to. 1812; « Six Puenis illustraiive 
of Engravings by H. R. II. the f*riiice*i8 
Elisabeth,*' 4ro. 1813. and aUo part of 
tbe descriptions to the " Microi-osin of 
London," 3 vols 4tc. ; and was the au- 
thor of the papers, entitled the " Mo- 
dem Spectator," In Ackermann's Repo- 
ftitory of Arts. 

Tbe Bristol Observer of July 16, pub- 
lishes tbe following anecdotes of this 
highly-favoured iterary humourist, as 
given by a gentleman, one of his con- 
temporaries, during his residence at 
Bristol Hotwells, wliich place he visited 
about tbe year I7G8 :— *' He was tall 
and handsome in person, an elegant 
icbolar, and highly accomj-'lishcd in his 
manners and behaviour. He lived in 
a most princtly style, and, tbotigli a 
bachelor, kept two curriages, several 
horses, and a large rrtinue of servants. 
He had rt>sided abroad for many years. 
It Has said that he was the son of a 
tradesman in London, who left him a 
very handsome fortune, but which it is 
•opposed he soon dissipated, and then 
commenced Author. He was generally 
recognized by the appellation of ' Count 
Coombe'.'* 

From another quarter, says the same 
lespectable Journal, "we have been told 
that a gentleman once gave Mr. Coombe 
the friendly hint that bis sister-in-law, a 
lady possessing a fortune of forty thou* 
land pounds, ' might with ease be wooed, 
and without pains be won.' But this 
•uggestion * tbe Count' spurned fnim 
him contemptuously. Tbe lady soon 
afterwards became the prize of a soldier 
of seemingly more precarious fortune, 
who, we believe, still survives ber— an 
ncampieof greater prudeuc-e and circum- 
•pection than he by whom she was 
icjccted.*' 



*' As an example of hit powen of cop- 
▼ertation, the late Dr. Estlin related 
that a friend once met Mr. Coombe 
walking in Tyndall's Park with a youBf 
lady under each arm — if we heard the 
anecdote correctly, Miia Galton and 
Miss Hannah More— both of whom wen 
in tears. ' In the name of Heavea, 
Coombe !' exclaimed his friend, at their 
next meeting, * what had you been say- 
ing to those poor girls with whom I net 
yon the other day, to produce io mudi 
distress?*-.' What distress? — when ?' 
enquired the Count, in a tone of alarm 
at the imputaiiun. On his memory be- 
ing brought home to the fart, he rejoin- 
ed, ' Oh ! nothing at all — some melan- 
choly tale of imagination, trumped up to 
suit their palate and diversify the Meuc. 
fiut of the pearly drops I was not so 
keen an observer as yourself'.'* 

The life of Mr. Coombe, if impartially 
written, would be pregnant with ammc- 
ment and instruction i but those whose 
literary contributions might have pfo- 
vided interesting materials, are probably 
most of them with him in tbe grave; 
and he will hereafter be chiefly remem- 
bered as the Author of ** Doctor Syniai.* 

We ought not to conclude this article 
without bearing testimony to the firm 
reliance which Mr. Coombe placed in 
the Divine origin of the Chriitiaii reli- 
gion, and a future existence ; and ta 
the fortitude and resignation with which 
he supported his full conviction of ibe 
near approach of his final release from 
all sublunary troubles. 

William Noble, Esq. 
June 7. At Wimbledon, aged 76, Wil- 
liam Noble, es(i. of Foley-place. Mr. 
N(»ble was, we believe, bum at Bamp- 
ton, in Westmoreland, and- was formerlj 
a Banker in Pail Mall. In Aug. l79St 
Mr. Noble risiird his native countijp 
accompanied by our agreeable Curree- 
pondeiit, the late Joseph Bud worth *, 
esq. ThiA excursion pniduced a veiy 
pleasant Volume, under the title, ''A 
Fortnight's Ramble to the Lakes f;** 
in which Mr. R. expresses his obliga- 
tions to Mr. Noble with a delicacy equal 
to its energy. Prefixed to the volume 
IS a portrait of Mr. Noble, uodvr the 
designation of ''The Friend of Man." 

Mr. John Macken. 
June 7. At Enni^ikillen, after a pn^ 
tracted and painful illness, which he on- 

* Who afterwards changed his name 
to Palmer, (see an account of him in 
vol. LXXXv. ii. p. 388. 

t See vol. LXll. p. 1114 i LXVf. 134 | 
LXX. ii. 41. 141. 

durcd 



180.] Obituait.— ilfr. Mackmu^Mr. Callowaif^Mr. Wanm. 187 



^Mfd with exemplaiy fortitude, Mr. John 

MMken, the Sailor Poet. Thh hlghly- 

t^, bat unfnrtuiiate Individual, was 

tW author, under the feifpied name of 

IfMd Fitiadaiu, of two delifrhtful vo- 

laaf« of poetry, •• The Harp of the De* 

Kit," and •* Lay« on Land." His his- 

tsrv, we understand, is verv interesting, 

and we hope to lay before our readers 

mie fisrtber particulars of him, with a 

bnatiful Tribute to his Memory, in oar 

Kit 

Mr. Thomas Galloway. 
Late^. Mr. Thomas Galloway, ai?ed 
Sijfears, a native of the pariih of Mun- 
M. Hebelonced Co the Duke of Perth's 
Rcpoient, and with them fouf^ht in the 
telle of Culloden, and is supposed to 
hut oetlived ail his contemporaries of 
tksttime. After the terroinatiou of that 
Mfertonate strocgle, he continued se- 
mtsd amonjc his (riMuds in the eountry, 
titt Ibe i^enerHl amnesty, when be enter- 
sd apeo a small farm, which care and 
|n4 Management turned to huch good 
•MBMt, that his little capital soon ac- 
cwalitad, till he became one of the 
(ENstcst and most respectable farmers in 
Strtlbcam ; " but Fortune, ever fickle," 
itleii([th turned her back on her favou- 
rite. He got himself involved in several 
ke-saits, and met with so many losses 
by people in the eountry, that he died 
is ih« utmost p<w»-rty, beinif obliged to 
frieiuli and neighht)iirs for bis support. 

Mr. Charles Warren. 
AffillX. Ai Wandsworth, Mr. Charles 
Warrfa, the eminent engraver. He was 
ronwRing cheerfully at the time, but 
the stroke of death reache«l without 
piia, and he stooped his bead down to 
eipire in an instant. Long actively em- 
plujred in the business of life, Mr. War- 
im was generalW known, and bis works 
H generally admired. Mr. Warren was 
* ueful Member of ihe Society of Arts, 
vtt one of the Chairmen of the Com- 
Biiitee of Polite Arts, and lately con- 
triboted a cumniunicAtion to the So- 
ciety on the praciioahility of engraving 
OBiteeL The following particulars are 
from the Report of the Secretary. Many 
attempts of that nature had been made, 
from the time of Albert Durer to the 
pretent day. It <»as supposed that the 
dificuity of engraving on so hani a sub- 
il&nce would be compensated by the 
donbiliiy of the work. It had been 
mail to try the experiment on a thin 
pbte of steel, but the extreme hardness 
of the article blunted the diflf-rent ii»- 
itreaienU which were tniployed in cut- 
ting it, and therefore no work of Art 



faftd, for a long period, been engraved on 
steel. Mr. Warren, however, beard that 
ib€ button-manufacturers of Birming- 
ham used a process by which they low. 
ered the liardness of steel. He then 
turned his whole attention to the^ sub- 
ject, and one by one, overcame every 
difficulty, and made some exquUite en- 
gravings on steel. He laid before th^ 
Society copies of these engravings, and 
where 4,000 and even 5,000 prints had 
been struck oif, scarcely any difference 
could be observed between the first im- 
pression and the last. They all had thfe 
appearance of proofs. If he had kept 
the discovery to himself, it would have 
tended greatly to his advantage ; but he 
preferred the improvement of the art to 
his personal interest, and he communi- 
cated to any person, who requested it, 
all the knowledge he had to bestow. Ai 
a compliment to the Society, he had laid 
the discovery before them, and it had 
been investigated on three different even- 
ing*, with the most satisfactory result. 
Death had suddenly snatched biro awi^, 
in the full vigour of mind, and the gold 
medal awarded to him by the Society of 
Arts during the last year was therefore 
delivered to his brother, in trust for his 
orphan daughter, on the S8tb of May, 
by his Royal HiKhness the Duke of Sus- 
sex, who, when he presented it to hit 
brother, ssid '* In the midst of your af- 
fliction, however, it niu«t afford you 
great consolation to know bow highly 
your brotluT's character was esteemed by 
the Societv." 



DEATHS. 

London and its Environs. 

Lately. Aged 75, Mrs. Esther Parkes, 
late of St. James*s-strect. 

May 23. At Brorapton, a^d 18, George, 
only child of Sir David Wedderbum, hart. 

Juru 1 . In John-street, America-square, 
aged 65, Joseph- Hart Myers, M.D. who 
fell a sacrifice to the continued torments and 
consequent exhaustion of that opprobrium 
Medicontm, the gout. 

June 15. At Winchester- row, New-road, 
Paddlngton, aged 63, John-Geo. Parkhurst, 
esq. of Cateshy Abbey, Northamptonshire. 

June 16. At Wliitehall, aged 75, the 
lady of Sir Wra. I^enion, bare. She was 
dau. of Jas. BuIIcr, of Morval, co. C(>rn- 
wall, esq. (by Jane, dau. of Allen, 1st Earl 
Bathurst) ; and was married to Sir Wm. 
Lemon, hart. D.C. L. by whom she had 
issue 12 children. 

In Upper Wimnolo-st. Lieut.-gen. Thos. 
Bridges, of Hon. East India Company's Ser- 
vice, in his 80th year. He commanded tho 
right wing of the army under the command 
of Lord (lairls, at the ca^tux« of S*t\»>- 



las 



Obituaxt. 



EH 



«AoieM. FooildnnrBadmtilMTlMaM, 
new WntniiMtoi^lnidgt, Fnneii Chiehet- 
Ugf 9K^ GtndcoMui OMDinonar of Trinitj 
C^kfn, Qsiiord. 

t/u^ 6. Id Jermjn-tt. M^or-gen. Hoo. 
Arthur St. Leg«r. 

July 91, In Ootror-tt. Bedfbrd-tq. Elisa- 
beth, widow of kto John-Hull HaiTia» aiq* 
ofStuiwell. 

Ju^ S4. In Benien-Btraety aged 51 » 
Williun lUddiih, eM). 

JuliMw-Anney wifs of £dw. Judm Mm* 
call, esq. of the Kiog's-roed, Cbebea, and 
dau. d kt. Dalzell, eiq. late of Tidmarth. 

July 95. fienj. Pngb, eto. of Beraard- 
itreety Russell-iquarey who tor a coniider- 
able number of years, attended the Oxford 
Qrcttit at Deputy Clerk of Awize. By the 
membert of the Profession he was generally 
known and universslly beloved. 

July 98. At Twickenham, aged 80, Sa- 
rah, relict of Jeremiah Hodges, esq. late of 
Boulney Court, Ozon. 

July 99. At Brentford, aged 81, Mn. 
Montgomery.' 

Aug. 2. Thoe.£dmond, younger son of 
Mr. G. Keating, Catholic Publisher, Duke- 
street, Grosvenor-square. 

At Twickenham, aged 76, Jane, widow 
of late Stephen Pitt, esq. of Kensuffton. 

jtug, a. At Brixton, i^ed 39, Mr. Hen. 
Mann, of Princes-street, Bank, solicitor. 

Aug. 7. In Bedford-sq. Majoi^gen. Darby 
Cvriffich, of Padsworth-house, Berks. 

Aug. 8. Aged 59, John Sewell, esq. 
Flax Mills, Feltham. 

Frances, wife of J. Tilson, esq. Foley-place. 

At Dulwich Common, aged 51, the wife 
of S. Page, esq. 

Aug. 9. At St. John's Wood, aged 95, 
Charlotte-Maria, wife of Rev. T. Wharton. 

Aug. 1 0. In Devonshire-pl. Esther, wife 
of Rev. Francis North, Prebendary of Win- 
cheter. 

Aug. II. At Brompton, aged 59, Lieut.- 
col. Brookes Lawrence, late of lath light 
Dragoons,, in which regiment lie served 88 
years ; and during the coinmand of it at the 
battle of Waterloo, he had two horses killed 
and two woimded. 

Berkshire. — Aug. 1. At Reading, aged 
73, J. Gill, esa. formerly of the Strand. 

At Tetsworch, aged 91, Mr. W. Eaton, 
many years a respecuble farmer at Albury 
and North Weston. 

Bucks. — July Id. At Olney, ased 73, 
the mother of the Rev. S. Raban, ctf West 
bury, Wilts. 

Aug. 9. At New-house-place, Chalfont 
St. Giles, the Lady uf Sir Corington •Ed- 
mund Carrington. 

Cheshire. — Aug. 6. At Backford, Sarah, 
wife of Major-gen. Glegg. 

Cornwall. — May 1 8. At Truro, Mr. J. 
Heard, printer and publisher of The JVesl 
Briton, He was a kind-hearted man, punc- 
tmlin his dealiogs, and obliging to all. 



Wlndna, Mq. 

DoiiRAM.*-At Sh«ilnm» Md 99, Ik 
D. Bedford, tm^bn of tha OmM mi 
Commercial Aead«my» withooi IficU^pli 
bar, York. 

July 96. At NawcMtby idUnly, of» 
plexy, Mr. Wm. Cnnm\\, vtmUm dm 
HtTo^ in Aberdeen ■ 

Aug. 8. Geo. Omsby, eeq. of iMchHtor 
Lodge, near Durham. 

EssEXw— Jime91. Aged M» Rbbl. Btfi- 
coe, esq. of Laytonstone. 

July 11. At the Gnngv, LiftaAv tiii 
66, Barbara, wife of T. Liuie» eeq. 

July%b, Of apoplexy, at LijhiliM, 
Mr. Letchworth, of Keles groee, Wrfy 
In h'ls public principles he shnred himiilf w 
steady and consistent aaaertor of HbotTi 
civil and religious. Thara ia ImdlyAnMB 
Institution in that town, which hni nr ik 
object either the moni fanpfOTMMn^ ■ 
the innocent amusement of he UldhilMi^ 
which did not find in him al ooBi tfai «- 
lightened advocate, aad tbi UbanI CHldr 
butor. 

Glouciitbrihirs^-— Jk^f 1 7. Msyyvili 
of Mr. John Cooke, eolidtoTt 

Juty 96.— Mr. Aahfield Hvaty 
of Bristol. 

HAMPtHIKX. — JwU tl. At 

Dr. Kilpin. 

July 15. At FsntoB, agad 61, MOi 
Pearoe, the widow of the late Jbba Pmieii 
esq. and eldest dan. of the lato Wm. Smi^ 
apple, esq. of Charlton, near AadofMr. 

July 18. At Southampton, Snmi, ^ 
dau. of Dr. Borland, of Teddbigtan. 

HEREroRDSHiRx.— Jid^l7. AtHtrtforii 
aged 80, the relict of W. WilKama. ii^ d 
Brecon, Banker, and dan. of W. Qmjm^ 
esq. Cnnghorday, Carmarthenehiw. 

Aug. 14. At Wilcroft, near Hmfad, 
aged 69, J. Williams, esq. Sarmcri y fcgafr 
citor at Dartford* 

Hbrtpordshirk.— ^t Gnat 
stead, Katharine Gibbon* vifo of 
Walker, esq. of that place, and 
dau. of late Rev. J. Newman of ~ 

Aug. 11. At Watford, aged 78, 
Steward, esq. 

Kent. — ^At Woolwich, Dongha Iotw, 
esq. Royal Reg. of Artillery. 

At Ramsgate, in the prime of llfo, Mr. 
John-Oweo Edwards, surgeon, oniyaOBof 
Owen Edwards, esq. of Brook, near Lnch-i 
ame, and nephew to Jas. Lewis, eeq. of CSb* 
wil, Carmarthenshire. 

July 1 8. At Ramuate, aged 18, Milae- 
Jamear, eldest son of Col. Brtevor, R. Art. 

Julyli. AtSheemess,Capt.Ilobt.JaB- 
kins, 19th foot, son of Mr. Jenkini, cf Bv* 
enny, Glamorganshire. 

July 94. At Cmfton Hall, aged 88, Gan. 
Morgan, formerly of the Coldstream Ooardk 

Aug. 9. Aged 80, Mr. Wm. Hunt. Ha 

had 




1 



Obituaiy. 



189 



A fioM^ podiitiknj Iwdig vittotd 
; puto rfEopaiid uid Scotland oa £doI ; 
■or did 1m ooofint hit w»U» to hit own comi- 
tty oaly* favt vitited mtnjjptitt of the Con- 
liatnty laeh at Flaadtrtf rraiicep Portncaly 
Oibnltw, the Uland of Maltt, &e. Hit 
wl brange tad food when trarelTuig wat 
%mt hntd npd hotter. H'lt wtlkt were long 
ad npid— wmlldng from Mtrgete to Lon- 
dOB* aad hack agiiny in two dtjty tpending 
in the Jonmej onlT a few pence. In one of 
kit toon ho waa that in a fort, when it wot 
b e w e g e d bj the FVench ; he continued there 
dBriogtheaieget aad wat taken pritoner when 
it eapitalated; but wat tet at liberty when 
tho objoct of hit punuit wat known. 

LasiCAtHinKw— VinielS. Athitteat,Qaer- 
aoro-porlc, aeed 6i, Chat. Gibton, etq. 

Jafy 4. Aged 79, T. Sundorbndy etq. 
of Littlecrofk, near Ulvertton. 

Lbicutbrshiri. — Aug. 10. At Langley 
Friwyt Anno, wife of Richard Cbetlyn* etq. 
Tbo deosh of thit excellent lady wat occa- 
■eaod by drowning henelf in the water in 
fcoaft of the Prionr, in a moment of mental 
Wirinm, cauted by a brain fever, broogfat 
m\jm growing depr c ti io n of mind, in con- 
ji^Mnoo of an unfortunate protracted Chan- 
cay auity which had been the caote of tepa- 
■tiac her from a branch of her own iamilyy 
It wEoB the waa greatly attached. 

LnicoLif SHIRK. — ^At Stamford, aged 51 » 
Ae wife of J. Chapman, etq. 

At Goaberton, Mr. Crotby. It it tup- 
fmtd diat he htt left behind him more than 
WiOOOl, aad yet in hit life he would hardly 
ilmr himinlf common necettariet. Neither 
tf the Elwet't, nor even Dancer himtelf, 
eouU be more squalid, or more penurlout in 
t gneial way, and yet thit roan ke]>t a good 
nUt It ^ at beef and bacon went, and wat 
•Iwijf tccettible to any poor man that might 
oU tt hit houte : rich, and what be called 
" iae" men, he detested. 

NoBPOLK. — ^At Larlingford, at the great 
^ of 1 1 1 , Mr. John Lock, ^roer. 

Jme 93. At Laniat, ai^ed 77, Wm. Lub- 
bock, etq. brother of the late Sir John Lub- 
bock, the 1 tt Baronet ; who caused his ho- 
Boan to descend to h'lt nephew, eldest son 
tf Wm. L. now Sir John VVm. Lubbock, bt. 
June 84. At Thctford, in his 70th year, 
Sheiford Bidwell, esq. 

June 30. Aged 78, Mr. John Wright, 
tttoraey-at-law, of Swaifham. 

JUy 5. At her brother-in-law's, the 
Bcv. T. Kidd, of Lynn, the wife of P. Cha- 
bcrt, etq. of Pentonville. 

Jbiy 84. In Lower Close, aged .94, the 
BcT. R. Rolfe, Rector of Hilborough, and 
MBt to lota Vise. Nelton. 

NoTTiHGHAMtHiRB. — In his 48th year, 
Francis Trovers, M. D. late of Newark. 

At Southwell, Elizabeth- Anne, wife of the 
Bov. Dr. Borrow, Vicar-General in the Col- 
legiate Church of that town. 
JtJif 86. At Park Hall> near Maoificld, 



oMd 68, Mijor-gon. HoU, loto UoMrool. 
of tho 88d, or Rmral Welth Fuiilom. 

Avg. 5. At Cuekney, aoor Manafi«ld» 
Jamet Dowling, esq. many yoort Stoword to 
the Right Hon. Earl Bathurtt 

RuTLANDtHiRB. — At Sooth LuffmhRm, 
owing to a fidl from her horto, Mitt Trol- 
lopo, aunt to Sir J. TroUope, bait. 

Somersetshire. — ^At Bath, John War- 
iier» etq. late of Beaulioo,flantt. 

JuTie 87. At Frome, from actool ttonra- 
tion, of cancer near hit throat, Mr. Samuel 
Allen, dyer. 

July 8. Rachel, wife of Peter Fry, otq. 
tolicitor, of Axbridge. 

Juty 6. At Frome, ogod 84, Martin- 
Folket-Locretia, dan. of Mto John Jonet, 
esq. 14th reg. Foot, and niece to Capt. 
Edgell, R.N. of Standerwick-Conrt. 

July 11. Mr. C. H. Drake, printor and 
bookseller, Taunton. 

July 87. At Bath, aged 76, Charlao- 
Henry Dubois, esq. 

Aug. 6. At Both, Mary, widow of kto, 
and mother to present Sir Hugh Palliter, 
bort. She wat tne younseet dan. aad eo- 
heirett of John Yatet, of Dedham, Ettex, 
etq. 

Aug. 6. After a long illnett, at hit houto 
in the Abbey-churcb-yord, Both, Mr. Moy- 
ler, printer ond bookseller, end proprietor of 
The Bath Herald. Mr. Meyler wat in hit 
48d year, and has left an amiaUe widow and 
^ye young children : he wat a member of 
the Common Council of thot dty, wot uni- 
versally esteemed, and hit lott will bo de- 
plored by hit numerout friendt and relativet, 
as well as by his deeply afflicted fiunily, to 
whom it must be irreparable. 

SurroLK. — At Ipswich Barracks, aged 88, 
Andrew Creagh, esq. Lieut. 8th Royal Irish 
Hussars. 

At Marlesford, aged 26, of a pulmonary 
consumption, Mr. Isaac Hanrey, Master of 
an Academy at Woolwich. 

June 11. At Hadleigh, a^ed 45, Esther, 
wife of Mr. S. Higluun, late of Worlingham. 

June 15. At Blundeston Parsonage, ad- 
vanced in a^e, Elizabeth, relict of Mr. Jamet 
Thurtle, of Flixton. 

June 29. At Walsham-le- Willows, aged 
7 1 , Mr. C. Rogers. 

July 1. At Stowmarket, aged 96, Mr. 
James Poole, Churchwarden of that parish 
upwards of 50 years. 

Jtily a. At Combs, aged 97, Mr. Samuel 
Faiers. 

July 7. At Shtpmeadow, aged 58, Mr. 
W. C. Boyce, Riding-officer and Surveyor of 
the Eastern district. 

July 7* Atlk)xford, R.W.Townsend, gent. 

July 8. At Southwold, aged 50, Chris- 
tiana, wife of H. Churchyard, gent. 

July 19. At Bury St. Edmund's, aged .90, 
Matthias Ottley, gent, a Burgeu of thu 
Corporation, and who had served tho office 
of Surveyor for St. Mary's p t 



190 



Obituary. 



[Ai«- 



tovBy And under the Sudhury Trait, for up- 
mmMt of 40 yewi. 

At Soatliwold, Bf^ 57« Mr. Thoi. Pott, 
ViMrnmnitu uH Deputy Toiro-clerk of that 
bf/rouffh. 

At ^>tow Firm*, Monks 1 Heigh, aged 86, 
Mr, Jaowft Scott. 

Julif 30. At Mclfnrd House, after a ferera 
illness, the wife of Major Flunkett, o{ Kin- 
najrd, co. Roscommon, Ireland, only child 
vi late Gen. Gunning:, a lady endowed with 
many virtues, and considerable accomplish- 

IIMftttS. 

jfuff. 1. In his 19th year, William, 9d 
sou of Sir P. 1). V. Broke, of Nacton, Iwrt. 
lliis promising but unfortunate youth was 
drowned in a p<md near his father's man- 
sion. He had gone out ahme fishing, and 
lia/l }t*rfn seen hitting upon the rails of the 
jKind, fffmi which lie must liave fallen into 
llir water, where ho luui remained . some 
time Ijefora he wm discovered. No time 
was lost in having recourse to every means 
of rerf>very ; but unfortunately they proved 
of iifi avail. 

NijiiRKV. — t/uly 15. At Carshalton, Mrs. 
Kli/.. Wallare. 

July :ut. At the Whit(> IxMlgo, Richmond 
Park, ageil 4f/, tin; Hon. llfnry Addington, 
Hdest son of Vitcouiit Sidmouth, and Clerk 
c»f tlin IVIU in tlio < 'onrt of Exchequer. 

Jitiij HI. At Mitcham, aged 88, Mr. 
Ikiley Austin. 

Sussex. — At Nnrthiam, Mary, dan. of 
lata Sir Janies Koiilis, of (^oHnton, liart. 

■/ii/i/ 9 1 . At Hastings, Anne, wife of Wm. 
Horiiis t<s(|. of Lincoln's Inn, one of his 
Mnjetity's (!ouns4*l. 

Jul If ^4, At Maresfivld, Caroline wife of 
W. Day, eM}. 

WARWif-KsiiiHt. — ^i/c. 11. At Rugby 
Lodge, agt*cl VU, Klizabfth, dau. of Abraham^ 
Caldi'cott, esq. 

WiLTHiiiRB.— «/i//y LS. At Westhury, 
Mr. Hardy, sou of tlie Rev. S. Hardy, late 
of Knfivld. 

Julff I H. At Chelsea, Mrs. Anne Webb, 
late of Durdham-Down. 

WoRCBSTERSifiBB. — July 9. At Great 
Malvorn, Mr. George Sidney, Printer, of 
NorthuHiljcrland-strect, after a short but 
severe illness. 

jiup. 1 . Charles, uncle to Thot. Charles 
Horayold, esq. of Dlockmoor Park. 

YoKKSiiiRB. — In bis 72d year, Mr. Lang- 
dale, of Northallertonj bookseller, and one 
of the Chief Constables for the division of 
Allurtoushire. His death was occasioned by 
a cart, in which the driver was asleep, run- 
ning against his gig, which produced so 
severe a shock, as to rupture a vessel in the 
region of tlie heart. 

At Pepper Hall, near Northallerton, John 

Ardeo, esq. of Anlen Hail, near Stockport, 

and of TarpoiK'V, Cheshire; he was the 

elder brother of the late Lord Alvanley. 

July b*. At Llm-lieid, near Doncastcr> 



and fbrmerly of Bowling Hallt 
ford, John Stugea, esq. in the i 
of the Peace for the Weat Ridiiig. 

July 14. At Py« Neat, uev HiRH 
aged 85, John Edwaida, esq. of HtH&fMr 
place, Kennington. 

July 17. Mr.;WUliams, btaoftlMLiii 
Theatre, who unfortunately put a pefiodn 
his existence by cutting hia throaty mail 
of lunacy. He was reapectaUy c m m tt ti ,. 
his brother being a Iient.-ooL in the urmf, 

Jidy 90. Aged 61, Mr. Wm. GmmK, 
bookseller and stationer, Hndderafield. 

At Sutton, aged 69, the wUb of Niehohi 
Walton, esq. 

At Flockton, aged 70, W. MiloM, esq. 

July 9.9. At Doncaater, aged 88, ChidM 
Dowse, esq. of the firm of Haoley and Ce. 
contractors (or post horse duty. 

Jane, dau. of Kev. R. Willan, of fiandcj. 

Au^. 1 . Advanced in age, the widov of 
Rev. John Bell, late Rector of St. Margsist 
and St. Cruz, York. 

Aug, 9. At liavender Grove, Ynrk, •0' 
56, Christ. Cattle, esq. Sheriff Ant that otf 
in 1804. 

At Great Driffield, aged 58, John WatiOD, 
esq. surgeon, (brother to Rev. A. Watieiy 
Vicar of Hunsiogore,) eminent In his pfoiv 
sion, and lately in extensive practice. 

Wales. — ^At Glanllvn-house, Meriooelk- 
shire, aged 68, Griffitn Richards, esq. bro" 
ther of the I^rd Chief Baron, upwards ^ 
40 years agent to Sir W. W. Wynne. 

May 15. Heniy Jackson, esq. of LowK 
Sketty, Swansea. 

June 7. At Cowbridge, aged 17, Chn* 
lotte, only dan. of late Kev. John WiUiansy 
of Plaxtol, Kent. 

July 19. At Tynnllechwedd, Merioneth- 
shire, aged 102, Mrs. Eliz. Ellis. 

July 1 7. Aged .q6, £. widow of Mr. Rok 
Parry, of Coed-y-park, Uandeiga. She hM 
left five children, 34 grandchildren, and 91 
great-grandchildren. Her mother died aged 
9 8 , and her two sbters,one at 95, the other ait 

July 18. Aged 98, Mr. David Eveaa» 
printer ; the proprietor, publisher, end Irti 
editor of The Carmarthen JoumaL 

July 90. At Bronwhylfa, near St. Aiqih» 
aged 99, Louisa-Anne, wife of Iaent.-eaL 
Browne, K. C. B. dan. of Rev. Dr. Gn^y 
Prebendary of Durliam and Chichester. 

July 16. At Llandaff Conrt, aged 71, the 
relict of late Walter Coffin, esq. and niece ol 
the celebrated Dr. Price. 

Scotland. — April 94. At Hallrule, Roc- 
burghshire, aged 94, Alex. John WUmms 
esq. Member of the Inner Temple, only aoa 
of John Wilton, esq. of Hallrule. 

June 9G. At her father's, at Dunchattn% 
near Glasgow, Mary, wife of John Horroelcay 
esq. of Tilly-chewan, Dumbartonshire. 

July 29, Aged 69, Jamea Justice, eeq. of 
Justice Hall, co. Berwick, grandson of Sir 
Jamrs Juhtice, of (Vichton, and son of Jah 
Justice, esq. of Crichton and Justice HalL 

He 



im.] Bill of Mortality.— Mmrkcts, SfC.^Canal Shares. 

Ht «M the hrt hecr mtle of this funily, 
orignilly ftoB Ea^knd, bat who has po«- 
WMd ettMtm in Scotlud arer UDce the 
nigB «if Queen Mary. The late Jamea Jus- 
ties eiq. has left an only daughter. 

Iriland. — ^At Beech-hiU, Sabinay daugh- 
tiraf Baraaft^ MahoD» esq. and within tlie 
MM hoar, Donelauy youngest son of the 



191 



gentlenan. The brother and sister 
were interred together in the famOy vault at 
Loughr^a Abbey. 

At Dublin, advanced in years, Joseph 
Jameson, esq. son of the late Rev. Thomas 
Jameson, Rector of Egremoot, Cumberland, 
Kinff's Coimsel, and one of the Barons of the 
Exchequer. He was father of the Irish Bar. 



Christened. 
Nilet - 69ftl 

J 



BILL OF MORTALITY, from July 23, to Aug. 19, 1823. 



FmhIss - 694 



1386 



Buried. 
Males - 6 
Females - 446 



Wlttffaof have (tied under two years old 
Sslt 5s. per bushel ; 1^. per pound 




2 and 5 
6 and 10 
10 and 20 
20 and 30 
30 and 40 
40 and 50 



76 
37 
44 
80 
84 
92 



50 and 60 
60 and 70 
70 and 80 
80 and 90 
90 and 100 



71 
77 
67 
19 
7 



QUARTERLY AVERAGE of BRITISH CORN which governs Importation^ 

from the Returns ending Aug. 16. 

Wheat. Barley. OaU. Rye. Beans. Peas. 

9. d. $» d, i, d. f. d. s, <L s, d. 
69 9 82 9 24 6 36 8 33 5 36 1 

PRICE OF FLOUR, per Sack, Aug. 25, 50«. to 65f. 

AVERAGE PRICE of SUGAR, Aug. 20, 30r. 7id, per cwt. 

PRICE OF HOPS, IN THE BOROUGH MARKET, Aug. 25. 



KntBsgs 6L lOf. to 9/. Oj. 

Sswz Ditto 5/. Of. to €L lOs. 

Ywliag SL 6j. to 6L Os. 



KentPockeU 5/. 12«. to li/. oi. 

Sussex Ditto 5/. 6j. to 8/. 8s, 

Essex Ditto 5/. 6f. to 8/. 8s. 

Famham, fine, SL 8s. to 19/. lis. 

PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW, Aug. 25. 

St. Jiaes's, Hay SL\5s. Straw iL 5s, Od. Clover 6L Os. Od. — Whitechapel , Hay 5/. 1 5s. OJ. 
SbivS/. 4s. Od. Clover 67. 6s. Od. — Smithfield, Hay 5/. 1 55. Straw 2/. 6s. Od. Clover 61. Os. Od, 

SMITHFIELD, Aug. 25. To sink the Offal— per stone of 8lbs. 

Lamb 45. Od. to 4s. 8d. 

Head of Cattle at Market Aug. 25 : 

Beasts 2447 Calves 320. 

Sheep and Lambs . 23,650 Pigs 250. 

GOALS, Aug. 25 : Newcastle, 385. 6d. to 43s. 9d. — Sunderland, 38s. Od. to 45f. Od. 

TALLOW, per Cwt. Town Tallow 44s. Od. Yellow Russia 405. Od. 

SOAP, YeUow725. Mottled 80s. Curd 845.— CANDLES, 85. 6d. perDoz. Moulds lOs.Od. 



M 


,, 3^, 


4d, to 35. lOd. 


NattOD 

Veil 


35. 

4i. 


4(f. to 45. Od. 
Od. to 45. lOd. 


Pbik 


45. 


Od. to 55. Od. 



THE PRICES of Navioablb Canal Shares, Dock Stocks, Water Works, Firs 
InvtAVCB, and Gas Light Shares, (to the 25th of August, 1823), U the Office of Mr. 
N. Raiitb, (successor to the late Mr. Scott), 28, New Bridge-street, Blackfriars, Lon- 
JOB.— Grand Trunk Canal, 2100^ Div. 76l. per annum. — Leeds and Liverpool Canal, 372/. 
87SI aod 380/. (bv auction) Div. 12/. per aunum. — Coventry Canal, 1100/. Div. 44/. per 
iBBuia. — Birmingnam Canal (divided Shares), 31 OL 315/. Div. 12/. per annum. — 
Wsrwick and Birmingham, 230/. Div. 11/. per annum. — Neath, 31 HL with Div. 13/. 
pajible 1st of August and 1st of November. — Swansea, 190/. with Div. 10/. due 1st of 
Noffmber. — Monmouth, 176/. Div. 9/> per annum. — Brecon and Aliergavenny, 100/. ex 
Div. iLr-^mod Junction, 254/. Div. 10/. per annum. — Old Union, 76/. Div. 4/. |>er 

&soonm. — Rochdale, 84/. Div. 3/. per annum. — Ellesmere, 65/. Div. 3/. per annum. — 
mt's 41/. 105. — ^Thames and Medwaj, 22/. — ^Portsmouth and Arundel, 25/. — Severn 
Wyt Railway and Canal, 33/. Div. IL lis. per annum. — Lancaster, 27/. Div. 1/. per 
ttaum.— Worcester and Birmingham, 32/. Div. 1/. per annum. — Kennet and Avon, 21/. 
Dhr. 17s. per annum. — West India Dock Stock, 185/. Div. 10/. per annum. — London Dock 
Sudc, IISL Div. 4/. 105. per annum. — Globe Assurance, 158/. 160/. Div. 7/. per annum. 
— laptnal Ditto, 121/. with Div. 5/.— Athw Ditto, 5/. 5s.^Hope D'lUo, ALlt.— \UkV 
Lifc Amuraaoe, 81. iBs.—E^t London (Vater Works, 118/. ex halC-^eax'a DVf. "iX^-^ 
^mauMter Gms Ugbt and Coin Comtmnj, 78L Div. 4/, per a&nam.— liOTidou Ix^aXAXxxXAotv, 
^/^Bud Slums, fSl^RasseU Ditto, 91. 9s. 



METEOROLOGICAL DIARY, by W. GARY, Stiahd. 

From Jvlff 17, to Aagiat CS, I8U, toA BKbnBr. 



Fihiohnt-. Therm. 








Fihnnhut-i'n.vm. 






•s-s 




1 

2 




B>roa. 
ra.pu. 


Wetb-r. 


^1 


.f 


i 

z 


ii 


BVOBL 

uupM. 


WmHw 


J-(v 


• 


• 


' 






^. 


1 


" 


1 






97 


S6 


St 








l« 


64 


71 


68 




98 


67 


ee 






9* 


Nbt 


IS 


67 




R9 


C9, BI air 


9» 




«4 


60 










At 


S« 


,B( Blondr 


SO 


60 


67 


SB 




« 


iir 






64 




,BG 


•hom 


ai 


SS 


69 


R8 
















>« 




^11.1 


a» 


fiS 




S(J 












»« 


,S8 hk 






63 


68 






fkir 






64 


«n 


iM 


ciowir 










SH 




™m 




66 


6» 


n» 




i^^ 














Wr 


90 


S9 


66 


liK 
















Bi 


Wr 




M 


68 


FIR 










«fi 


ftJ 




HJ 


fcir 






66 










a« 


6ti 






NS 


.ba«.rT 


































,».bo.«4 








M 










NH 


78 


71 






h« 




NV 








96 


fis 


B« 


et 


30, Oe'nhi 


" 


«<> 


74 


611 




10 


do»dy 























r8,l 


l.'i 






SM4 


"II 


9994 


.i| i 


it-H 






89 i 


994* 


994 3 


«(.j 


o 4 




isl a 


39SJ 


«a* 














H6i 


«* 


3«4< 




9»4i 


88 9 


MS* 


88 










996. 






53 


g»«l 


•h 


996 



DAILY PRICE OF SIXJCKS, 
FnntJulyaB, to /iagutt^e, 1893, klAiiut 



11 K£.'^i 



4 — 
^ — 



H9i 

9n| i 



991 |90i 



. , . looi'si 

99i ^'lOOJ 

99ilOUllOl| 

lOOi i 10li'9l: 
OOi il0li91; 

oo§ ^loiiai: 



ait7iK 1 

■StSpi. i 
WMpi. 



loi i I' 



,01 i!ioii9 
lol i.ios » 
ioo( iiioiis 

lUO) 101 '9 
.OOJ 10119 
,ooi i .0li9 

;ooi iioiis 

lOOJ *101i|9 



i(96j 1 

Ii9«l I 

i96l I 



RICHARDSON, GOODLUCK, i 



BlUpi. 

»M|M. 
>9Mpk 

ll»f» . 

IBSlfH. 

18 so pi. 
181 !■. 

pco. bD8I;b. 
— SOUfB. 

sosafB. 

SIMM. 



■ oifa 

id Co. 104, Cotner of Bu>h-bml£iiB*, CoiaUD. 



iOHir HfCHOLt aRD ■OH, t6, TMUhWVn « 



BNTLEMANS MAGAZINE. 




SEPTEMBER, 1823. SS? 

CONTAINING 

Olrtiitu] of jniw Publicarlonri. 

Ancient Myitriiti, saa^—HmDrf of Belfwl.^; 
Nmie (D.] iinjieft WeiUnimMi Abl«)i....S»6 
Tillnch't DliKiution on (he Apncalfpac... 

Skotilifi in Brdlsm 

Brictoa'i Ditcriptirm of FonthiU Abbtj a*t 

Fmn'i Memonblc D>n in Amsnt* 443 

H.ynei'. Dur.«.o, mlWedr „S46 

Marie M.ed«1fo*. Fuoermll Tern 348 

Plui fnr initniclfng ^07* in WgB nuniben,.ii. 
Bp.ofSt.D«id'iSpoech.-Siri(inli»Biblic»«BO 
Don Juin, 860. — Msciuilcjr'i Muy StoKuass 
Minlinir. RnjJ NbiI Biographj... 



lUfOIIDMCE,— QiKltimu, (ic. ig< 
DaMhuTRicliitd H.txuimediqs 
i*_WclGh Pool ni LiTerFDai,,.1S9 

>j;Frtin,RichinDn>t (01 

onicr Hoaiei. .,..»04 

itofCbvlnl (07 

Kumble'i Alonain.«oa 

It M Enfield, MiAUeMi 109 

■I, dpiiiilwd it'. 

It of UulccoM, WilU....ll1 

>, ud Courti of R«]neit*.* I i 

' YHisToRY-BuffbrdalT 




lofMiH 



■• Pablici 



u3SS,9 



N«wPubliE>tiun>«6^ 

Arts mo SciiHCU SS 

Select Poitut ■ *G' 

l^itftanul tftmnltlt. 

ParFl:;oNe»>.2ea.— Di>n«tie0<icurnn«>}ffl 

Pmtnotloni, 810. — Hinlis tnd Mirriiigiii...,!?! 

OaiTuiHVi with Memoin nf the Duk« of 

a<tiibur^h; Euturfuslivui UiRlUiuthi 

Ud; de DuBiIwivillt ; U<1)' Vcmon ; I*- 

drUrmeji Sir C. A«<.ll. Sm!. &0 87S 

BlIiorMofUliiy^Priwf nfPiUtkeW. .a»7 

Meuurolagiul Tiibk.~rric» of Swclo ... iss 
I, Bichmnml, co. Yorii! 
■bJ tt» Inlendiid Ciiljhch for the Wr.LCU Ponn u Unrooal 
I, with RciuuenUitinai <if Riynton'i MoNUMtHT at Eofield, Middlciex 
--' • BoMAH CjlMUCLUHUM found at Thiutloa, ITuU. 



URBAN, CJENT. 



^ 



[ 194 1 

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



Mr.Nichols) who ia ediiing King JMnet'f 
PrognsMs, would be exceedingly obliged to 
any Gentleman who could &vour him with the 
loan of a Maiqub perfbnned at Court on St. 
John*! Day, 16'04t to celebrate tlie Marriage 
o{ Sit Philip Herbert, It ihall be speedily and 
safely returned. 

Toe Collections for the History or 
STAProsDSHiREt by Huntbach> Lioxdale, 
Wilkes, Feilde, Blore, Pecgey and Shaw, 
with the coppcr«plates of toe letter's pub- 
lished work, and nearly thirty which were 
prepared for tlie continuation, are in the 
possession of Wro. Hamper, esq. of Bir- 
mingham; whose literary amusements are, 
we believe, chiefly directed to the elucida- 
tion of Warwickshire Topography. — To 
that gentleman we beg to re&r ** tha Druid 
in London," who enquires about the Staf- 
fordshire Collections, &c. 

£. F. in reference to X.*s inquiry relative 
to the tolling of the Curfew (Part i. p. 689)» 
aays, <* I believe he will And that thn cus- 
tom is still preserved in many towns and 
▼illages in England. 1 can speak with cer- 
tainty with regard to the town of Warwick, 
where the bell of St. Mary's magnificent 
tower repilarly sounds at eight o'clock ; and 
the inhabitanta of that place are not likely 
to be deprived of the benefit which may 
arise from the practice, if it be true, as ia 
reported, that a sum of money for a louder 
bell was given by a fiumer who was guided 
to the town by the welcome aound on a 
winter night, wnen be had lost his way." 

Y. S. in allusion to Lord Leigh (Part i. 
p. 396), states, that « Mr. Leigh of Addle- 
strop, CO. Gloucester, descen&d firom aa 
mcie of the first Lord Leigh of Stoneleigh, 
enjovs that Pear's large estste, under the 
words of his will, aa * next of the name and 
blood of Leigh,' which waa interpreted to 
be * the nearest in blood, who was of the 
male line,* and which, by a mixed construo- 
tion, gave it first to his uncle, the surviving 
younger brother of his fiither. It cannot 
be doubted that Lord Leigh meant his next 
HxiR male. How happens it that 87 years 
ago, or afterwards, any nearer male heir did 
not make an effort for this great prizf , while 
it was contending so many years in Chancery ? " 

In our Obituary (Part L p. 570] it is stated 
that the late C. o. Lefevre, esq. ** lost his 
election for Reading in 1 820, since which 
he has not sat in Paniament." In reference 
to this observation, a Constant Reader in- 
forms us, that " nothing but indisposition, 
and a constitution debilitated by frequent 
attacks of gout (which rendered him totally 
unequal to the performance of his Parlia- 
menury duties), would ever have induced 
him to ns'iga his pFetensiona to the favour 
oflij's CQDstitueats, at the genend election of 



18fiO| butnothiBgbiithia mm Tolimtary ra- 
aignation would have biokanthat eannectaoa 
which had subsisted for so long a period, to 
the honour and advantan of ootn parties. 
An accurate memoir oi filr. Lefevre K>pear- 
ed in the Reading Mncury cf May 5. 

G. W. Lb observety " The erection of 
a new Muaeum, among other plans, has 
been proposed, on account of tha present 
state of Montagu Honae, whidi, navB^ 
stood nearly a century and a half, u baooBa 
unfit to undergo a nepantion ; but I mt' 
tainly regret the non-completion, for this 
purpose, of that onuBMat to our me- 
tropolis, Somerwt Plaea, .which, to the 
disgrace of a wealthy nation, has fiir so 
long a time remained wnljnUlia^ i Mr. B^ 
retti, m hie Guide dmogh tho Royal Aca- 
demy, informs us^ that thia atrueton vis 
intended, by the late * Mr. Burka, and va- 
rious other men of taste in Parliamenti to be 
an object of nofioiiaZ ipiendaur,' Sorely, 
then, it oosht to be macre perfect i at least, 
tlie nuignincent front feciug the Tfaames, 
which, coming nnder daily coguiiance f&om 
Waterloo Bridge, offends every eje of tasts 
by ita incomplete appearance." 

J. M. aays, « Your Comspoadknt N. R. 
S. has fellen into an error, in dnerrihinc da 
<<Three Hats Public House* nd othtf 
houses (p. 118), as being sitoata in the 
parish of Islington;" they are ia daat oCSk 
James, Clerkenwell, which will ■^-t'urt to 
him for its not having been noticed in ''Nel- 
aon's Islington." 

In the Mdigree of Carter, in tha laat Vi* 
sitatiouot Cornwall, John Newman ia atited 
to have manied ** daughter ui 

Trafford of Lancashire." Honor Niiwiiii, 
the daughter of this match, mavried John 
Carter of St. Colombe in Cornwall^ and lad 
airrandsoni^ed about 85 in 1620. Cj-m^am 
wul feel obliged if any of our raaden will 
refer him to anv pedigree of tha said Joha 
Newman, and also by being infoimad of the 
Christian name of tne fisuier, and naalHi 
name of the mother of hta wife, tha aliaia 

mentioned « danghter of 

ford." In no pedigree of Tn&ud 
find s\u;h an alliance nodceds dia dalM 
agree with her being Eleanor, '*^"gHrT of 
Sir Kdmund Trafford, by Anne^ dao^iier of 
Sir Alexander Ratdiffie, who ia named b 
Harl. MSS. 2086, and in other copiae of 
the Visitations of Lancashire, but to whom 
no husband is assigned. 

A Correspondent solicits *< any specifica- 
tions attainable, or probably recoverable, 
relative to John Gaspar Ferdinand de Mar- 
chin, Count de Graville, stated in all print- 
ed authorities to have enjoyed the proud 
duuuu^n oi i^ lA^iu^ \aaAMt) Q^Jkcnl 
on\i\niV>^CViBX>a»\V:' 




THE 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE 



SEPTEMBER, 1823. 



OBZonrAXi comskunzcatzons, 



Cause or the Death of Richard II. examined. 



Mr.IJRBAVy Scpil, 

THE translation of a French Me- 
trical Hiatory of the deposition 
of Richard the Second, lately publish- 
ed IB the 20th Volume of the " Archae- 
kgia.** hy the Rev. John Webb, and 
which that gentleman has rendered 
itill more interesting by the copious 
notes with which it is illustrated, has 
doubtlessly excited the gratitude of those 
who are capable of appreciating the 
Yalue of such an acquisition to the 
History of this Country, or of estimat- 
ing tlie talents and zeal which Mr. 
Webb has bestowed on it. 

Few points of English History are 
to aosettled as the manner in which 
Ricbaid the Second actually died, and 
I have consequently been happy to sec 
it so ably canvassed both by Mr.Webb 
and Mr. Amyot*, but notwithstand- 
ing their exertions, it is, from the con- 
tradictory statements of the different 
writers on that period, still open to 
conjecture. 

The object of this letter is, how- 
ercr, to consider the question in a dif- 
frrcni way from that adopted by these 
iotclligent antiquaries; by inquirinp; 
to what extent the causes to which 
Ridiaid's demise have been assigned, 
•re supported, or rendered improbable, 
OD comparing the precise time when 
it took place, with the dates of some 
of the principal political events which 
iromcdiately preceded it. So entirely 
has this been omitted bj the gentlc- 
aen to whom the public is so much 
indebted, that even tne day on which 
that unhappy Prince closed his exist- 
cuce is scarcely mentioned, and hence 
I imagine that neither of them thought 
it of the least importance to their argu- 
ments; I, on the contrary, am induced 
to eousider that it affords, if not the 
florat criterion we possess by which to 

* Arclueologift, p. 499y el tcq. 



judge of Henry I V.'s motives, feelings, 
and conduct, relative to the life of his 
rival, at least as good a one as remains 
to us. 

In examining this subject in the 
manner to which I shall chiefly con- 
fine myself, I must, I fear, trespass on 
your pages at some length, as it is ne- 
cessary I should occasionally follow 
the footsteps of Mr. Webb and Mr. 
Amyot ; but whilst I confess my pre- 
sumption in supposing that I can 
throw any light on a point which has 
been discussed by two such distinguish- 
ed Members of the Society of Antiqua- 
ries, I am, nevertheless, persuaded that 
as they arc aware temperate disquisition 
is the only means of eliciting truth, 
they will not be displeased at seeinjz 
the subject agitated on somewhat dif- 
ferent grounds, by one, who assures 
them he does so with the feelings of a 
coadjutor, and who, like themselves, 
is actuated by no other motive than a 
wish to form a just conclusion on a 
question so important to every i)er3on 
who interests himself in the History 
of his Country. 

The three causes to which Richard's 
death have been attributed are the fol- 
lowing : 

1st. Assassination by Sir Piers Ex- 
ton f. 

Sndly. Grief, and voluntary absti- 
nence f . 

3rd. Stan-ation by his keepers §. 

Each of these statements rest on 
several authorities, which, though by 

i* Ffthian, Hall, Hayward, MS. Ambaa- 
sadety and most of the other MSS. in Bibl. 
du Roy at Paris, Le Laboureur, Hist. 
Charles VI. 

t Walsin^hanit Otterburae, t)ie Monk 
of £veshain, Creton Bibl. du R<iy 10. Si 8, 
&c. to which Mr. Amyot inclines. 

i Hardyog, F(«rtpscue, Petrus de Ickham, 
&c. in wliich Mi. Webb appMrs disposed to 
coincide. 

ivo 



106 



OaiiH€fth§ DMih ofMickard IL exofitbud^ 



[Sept. 



no means of ecjual value, are never- 
theless of sufBcient weight to prevent 
our yieldine implieit credit to either, 
and to niaKe us wish for additional 
testimony: as it is rather to be desired 
than expected that some evidence 
should be discovered of such undeni- 
able authenticity, that all doubt ntighi 
he removed, we must endeavour to 
form a true opinion of the point from 
whatever presuniplive proof we pos- 
sess, and the best in my estimation 
which is available for the purpose, is 
that which I am about to investigate. 

The MS. Aoibassades * states the 
following events to have occurred on 
tlie days assigned ; and as tlie dates, as 
well as such facts as I shall extract 
from it, are uncontradicted in any 
material degree by other writers, as 
tli^ are strictly consonant to proba- 
bility, and as they are supported by 
Uie testimony of many authorities, I 
trust no objections can be made to my 
consider ins them correct. * The plot 
to restore liichard to the tlirone was, 
it informs us, planned on the 18ih of 

December, 1399, ^^^ ^^ ^r^ ^^^^ ^at 
a petition was presented by the Arch- 
bishop of« Canterbury, the Duke of 
York, and others, on the Ist of Janu- 
ary following to put Richard to death. 
With respect to this petition, I am in- 
clined to agree in Mr. Webb's view 
of itt, namely, that the assertion is 
either erroneous, or, what is more pro- 
bable, that it was a petition from the 
tame perscms who solicited Henir to 
that etTect a short time before. One 
consideration must not, however, be 
lost sight o(p which is, that if such a 
petition was actnally presented, and 
the absence of corrolMirating testimony 
by no means puts the fact oeyond be- 
lief, Henrv*s reply must be admitted 
as establishing two points, — that he 
had then no nucntiou of putting the 
deposed Prince to death, and that it 
was oi)ly in case of an insurrection in 



his favour tliat his life was to be for- 
feited. The omission of Apy liotioe 
of such a conditional promise in tlie 
Rolls}, when contrasted with the 
great probability of a menace of 
that sort being held out to intimidate 
his friends, must not induce us too 
hastily to conclude that the engage- 
ment between Henry and the Parlia- 
ment relative to Richard, was eon- 
fined to what is recorded. It is, 
however, sufiicient for my purpose to 
notice the likelihood tnat Henry's 
reply, contained the real terms on 
which he had promised to preserve hit 
prisoner's life, without entering iniD 
a longer discussion of the tnmcct 
I'he conspiracy ap)iears to haire been 
unnoticed by the Government notH 
the first Sunday in Januarv, 130^ 
1400, which I consider to na\-e been 
the 4ih of that month §, when the 
Duke of York accidentally became ni- 
formed of it, from a letter addrened to 
his son, the Duke of Aumarie, who 
was somewhat concerned ||. He iffl* 
mediately hastened to Windsor to ae- 

auaint the Khig of the proceedings of 
lichard's party, and Henfy instantly 
set off for town, and readied Lon- 
don at nine o'clock the same nifelit. 
*' The next morning,'* evidently Bfon- 
day January 5th, "the King let oot 
to meet his enemies with onlj 90 
lances, and (k)00 archers, and oraw- 
ing up his men without the cit|, 
waited three hours for his reinfbroO- 
nients; here he was reproached by the 
Earl of Warwick for his lenity, whidi 
had brought him into this danger; 
but he vindicated himself for hit past 
conduct, adding, that if he ihodld 
meet Richard now, one of them thoaU 
die. Then he sent back the Major 
of London, with orders that none 
should be permitted to cross the tea 
to carry intelligence of these distorb- 
ances to foreign parts, and he d&- 
patched Sir Piers Exion to rid Mm 



* Ardueolfigia, p. 917> note <>. f Ibid. p. 91 7> note <> — ^. X Ibid. p. 818, noli K 
§ The Lords of Kicliard't party met at Windsor on the 9nd of January, and Henry «• 
learn was apprised of their attempt on t\ie Jirst Sunday following, which, as h« issuea Us 
order for the arrest of part of the conspirators (Arch. p. 914, note I) on ^Jfftkf masl 
liaTe been either tlie third or fourth ; but from the usual vigour of that Prince's actions, and 
the prolialjllity that he adopted immediatt measures for suppresning the conspiracy, I a 
inclined to consider that he was informed of it only the day liefore, i.e. on the fauiUi. 
Il It is right that I should notice that Mr. Webb (p. 211, note <*) thinks Uiis deaer^ 



tion of Aumarle's disclosure of the conspiracy not so probable as that in the MS. of G^ 
ton, which inaltes him carry the letter *< straight to the old Duke liis father." Mr. Wflib 
also considers it unlikely, from the age and habits of the Duke of York, that he sbc^d post 
immediately to Windsor. The importance of the object might haTe given him suflSnsnt 
stimulus to extraordinary exertion to prevent our diserediting it. It maket, hoirevcr, bo 
•ort of difference to my argument how Henry wai first informed o^ tht attempt to dtthiraM 
him. 



GoNM of the Death of Richard II. examined. 



1*7 



Im/v wkich he executed in the 
e&mtmonly related*.^* 
it appears that Hcnry*s order to 
ras issued when, if ever a coin- 
that nature can be expected or 
, it is under such circumstances, 
10 important a crisis. A re- 

place Richard on the throne, 
the deposed Monarch*s half- 

and supported by several of 
r nobility, had been organized 
•al weeks. Above eight thou- 
!fi, well amied, were at tliat 
in the field, whilst Henry's 
lid not, until reinforced by 
its- Waiter, exceed six thou- 
rhat he was not dis|K>sed to 
ishdy of the attempt to de- 
nim, is evident from his in- 
3uUing himself at the head of 
\ and from hb taking measures 
»t intelligence of the attempt 
5 the French Court; for his 
reic apparently excited, le^ 
ig of France should send suc- 

1 tlie cause of his son-in-law. 
ly was Henry, at the time 
le is coosidend to have des- 

Exlon, inferior in physical 
I, but he must have been 
by compunctious reflections 
hat " which makes cowards 
II," and have felt by no means 
of the security of the throne 
he had so recently, and by 
ident means, ascended. it 
ierlia|)6 be difficult to find any 
Rrhich more imperiously de- 
vigorous and prompt con- 
u Henry's situation required : 
osideration of political neces- 
icl(-intcrei»t must have pointed 
him one course which would 
lly remove the dangers with 
ic was threatened j and Henry's 
clioracter, the urgent ncces- 
Hich an act, the immense ef- 
ich it would produce, together 
le temper of the times, com- 
persuade us of the great pro- 
of his following that course, 
fing instantly to destroy a rival 
as the cause of so formidable 
t to wrench the scepirc from 
id, and thus at once to strike 
l*s followers with confusion 
niay. The probable result of 
docements, acting on a mind 
lad often evinced but little scru- 
Mt the means of attaining its 
together with such conduct 

inbrnoJogiBj p. fi.9, note. 



being imputed to him by more than 
one historian, fully convinces me that 
the MS. Ambassades is correct, not 
only as to the fact of Henry's having 
on the 5th of January ordered Richard 
to be assassinated, but that it is also 
accurate in saying that he issued his 
commands befbrc the reinforcements 
of Fit t- Walter arrived. Hence the con- 
clusion which I have formed on the 
first cause to which Richard's death 
has been assigned, is, that Henry ac- 
tually gave directions, or in other 
woros, despatched Sir Piers Kxton on 
the fifth of January to Pom fret Cas- 
tle, with instructions to put an tmme- 
diate end to that Prince's existence; 
but for the following reasons, I con- 
sider that the order was countermanded 
in sulTicient time to prevent its exe- 
cution. 

We are informed that it was on the 5th 
of January that Exton was sent on his 
murderous errand, and it would be in 
the teeth of every rational conjecture, 
were we not to consider, that he was 
commanded to be expeditious in his 
journey, 9nd to execute hb commis- 
sion as-sneedily as possible.- The dis- 
tance of Pom fret Castle from London 
is not more than 180 miles; hence, 
only allowing Exton to have traveHed 
S5 miles a day, he would hare reached 
it within a week. This calculation 
renders it certain that he must hare 
arrived at the place of Richard's con- 
finement on the 12th or Idth of Ja- 
nuary. It is asserted by every autho- 
rity we possess, and I believe historians 
have admitted it as an incontrovertible 
fact, that Richard did not close his 
mortal career until the 13th or 14th 
of February f. In what way then are 
we to account for the delay of thirtjr- 
one or thirty- two days, which evi- 
dently elapsed between that on which 
Exton must have reached Poinfrct, and 
the day on which Richard died ? If, 
as I strenuously contend, the peculiar 
cumstances in which Henry was [)]aced 
on the 5th of January, caused him to 
order his prisoner to be murdered, ive 
may be assured that Heniy's object 
was his immediate destruction, because 
his interest would not have been in 
any shape benefited by perniitting 
him to live a day longer than he was 
obliged by the distance of Pomfrel 
from the Metropolis. Is it then likely, 

t Valentine's daif is gentrtlW tiamft^\ra\ 
one or two wiitcn iUle ^\tiiix^ \o V^an^ 



died on the 18 th. 



i^^N. 



200 Iniended Church for th€ Welch Poor at LwerpooL [Sept 

Society the propriety of making public up their children " in the nurture and 

through the Metropolis the names of aamonition of the Lord ;'* they vrill 

the persons who receive subscriptions then be comforted in sorrow and coii- 

in London for this truly laudable pur- soled in afRiciion ; be made virtuous in 

pose. this world, and taught to look forward 

I am afraid that the Liverpool So- with humble, but well-assured hojie 

ciet^ will not meet with success in and confidence to that glorious tmmor- 

their application to the Society for pro- tulity which God has promised tu bc- 

moting and enlarging the building of stow u|>on the virtuous and the good; 

Churches, on account of the service to hope to attain that eternity of Lless- 

of their intended Church being neces- cdncss, the very desire of which (lis- 

sarily in the Welch Language, and tinguishcs the children of men fruin 

therefore not providing places for the the " beasts of the forest." 
attendance of an additional number of Will tiie Christian withhold his aid 

English people, which I understand from a puriK)se so beneficial as this? 

is the principal object of that Society to While Cliristian Missionaries are found 

promote. Should, however, the mem- between the burning tropics, or nigh 

bers of that Society refuse their assist- the frozen poles, sup|x>rted by Bri- 

ance upon this ground, I am certain tish charity, shall our land be alone 

that many of them will cheerfully con- neglected? or while the Gospel ii 

tribute towards the accomplishment of preached to the gipsies, shall tne an- 

an object so entirely in unison with cient Hriton alone be left without reli- 

their own, — that of providing places of gious knowledge, or sufl'ered tobcoome 

worship for the \k>ot, and thus cireu- tne prey of the gloomy fanatic, thesclf- 

lating the principles of Christianity, righteous sectarian, or the avowed de- 

and the doctrines of the Established spiscr of God*s Holy Law ? Can we be- 

Church. lieve that man's professions of belief 

If a general Society were established in Christ Jesus to be sincere, who 

for the purix>se of providing the na- will refuse to lend his assistance to- 

lives of the Principlitv, resident in wards preserving these his fellow 

England, with places of worship and subjects from vice and ignorance, witK 

ministers, a fund fully sufficient for all their hateful consequences ? Wil 1 

the objects of such a society might he, whobestowsa {xirtof his substanct? 

soon l>e obtained. Liberal donations to convert the distant heathen to th^ 

would surely be bestowed in the first knowledge of his Creator and Re^ 

instance by Uiose who have the reli- deemer, to diffuse religion throughouc 

gious welfare of the Cambrians at the whole world, to disseminate th^ 

eart ; anntial subscriptions would be Scriptures, " to reclaim the viciou^r 

found ; and it need not be doubted that and confirm the good,"— will he be so 

the Clergymen of the Established careless of his duty, as a citizen and a 

Church would lend their pulpits to Christian, as to suffer a portion of his 

the advocates of the Society. The larra: fellow-subjects and fellow-christians to 

sum of money required to erect the be without the means of obtaininsthut 

places of worship would form the most knowledge which will instruct them 

serious obstacle to the success of the how to discharge their duty as men 

Society; but while we sec every where and as Christians? 
around us charitable institutions, which Let every one contribute according 

require even larger cipitals, flourish- to his ability towards the furtherance 

ing and prospering, surely there is no of this imixirtant object — lot the nu- 

cause to despair of yet seeing a tives of VVales, who have the power, 

Welch Church Society added to the be foremost in the work of mercy ; — 

many other institutions of charity and especially let the Nobility and Gentry 

mercy, for which our country is so fa- of^ Cambria ass<iciate themselves for 

mous, and thus be spared the disgrace this purpose; they will, I repeat, be 

of any longer seeing a large portion of soon joined by many well-wibhcrs to 

our fellow-subjects excluded from any the cause of the Established Church, 

opportunity of worshipping their Cre- and of Christianity — by all who really 

ator, of learning his will, of hearing and sincerely desire to sec religion 

what rewards he has nromijied to the flourish — who wish to enlarge the 

righteous, or what punish iiK'iits he has Kingdom of C-hiist, and who desire 

denounced against ihe wicked ; they the increase of righteousness and hnp- 

will then have the |X)v.cr of bringing piness. Ap. U. Ar. H. 

Mr. 




«5 






w 

Hi 

Hi 



lamo 



n» Cray Rian, Biekmmd, YorkMUn. 



Mr. UisAv. Sipl. S. 

IN i-wu Magtaue for 18t9 (vol. 
xeu. i, S3,i), yow favoured ui with 
• brivf notlcp of die Kcond edition of 
CItriMonlii Hiiiorf of Richmond in 
Y(«k*iKir. a work m full of inrorma- 
iooy^Ml-^ ■ celebrated hitioriin of 
' --"■ - "•hMUtily said), "roli- 
I be reckoned 
t ■ copy, ft will be 
aud authority aa 

— „ ,- -ashes the ualli of 

4lti^«lilG«lIe<rf Rii^hmond." So de- 
Sghtoal ftiB I wiib the work, that I al- 
dV>y> bie it a\i with pleasari', and find 
)im,jltmr psc piofM the aiilhor't in- 
4Mll)F.lHMil]r»lcxpreKioii, and inde- 
fcnlMoa of mind. Thinking that & 
k of the entbellishmenit and 
^ avitl be acceptable to jour 
. 1, 1 «riecl the tieemption of the 
J[ fWla^ and the coppcr-plite en- 
it*a nlit. p, Sl4), whict 
it, the author hos kindly 
ie:to forward to you. 

Vonit &C. KlCUMOlTDtl 



Mdfiile great or L1 am en Is to Rich- 
B^^the beautiful mwer of the 
J 'rjiut, whic:h itands in the 
t of ihe town ivittiout the 
*alb| sfld frum lis haiiriwmt ll^ht ap- 
mmcrr nnnm f:iil to nttrjct the at~ 
^tion pi CTcry stianger on hii first 
WUJUMB Iaio Ricliiiimid frnm the 
VmA. ■ 

"nh bniK wai focndpd in the 
t^r 1*57. 4C Hen. III. by Ualph 
fitt Haadal, Lord of Mld^lehani', 



tr IhtcR huntltcd \ 



1, having 



^WtA unoy lifncf.icumis fro 
rj* or-HithnmnLl. Ralph de Glan- 
•iH rad several oihi-rs. Richard le 
*n<M, StE'lM'.Ill. gave to it certain 
'"I'ltwith the uppurlenaiK-P' in Hich- 
?«t Robert Wyclyf, MasUr of 
*'17W RD)pital nrar Durham, and 
««Wof Hwllon Rudby. ^vc by hit 
*|ll,a«dScr>t. 8, USS, i«Tnty bImI- 
I'-ialotln* hoine. Ralph filz R.in- 
<", kat, beqneaths on iho toib of Ja- 
'""y. 1447. seven marks lo the Friars 

•^ la'^TBac'i Reeordi, v<il. HI. p. 
;«* OW*. 3» Ed,. I. «, f.. P„. 38 

"•-HLm, B.H, Pw. 8 Ed. UI. p. 

"1.ID.I. . 

Cm. Mio. Srplfnitrr, ISIS. ' 



801 

of Richmoad, to cclefante divine ser- 
vice in their chuich during one year, 
for his own uul and for the aonli of 
all the faithful departed. Robert Dale, 
alias Fleaher*, of Great Fencote, a- 
mong other Irgaciei, leaves on the ISth 
of April, 147U, five shillings ta these 
Fnan. And John Trollop of Thorne- 
lawc, ID the county of Durham, who 
died ig Nov. U77, be()uealhed by his 
will, dated Oct. 30, 1476, to these 
Friars twenty ihillingi. 

Though screened by its poverty from 
the rapacious hands of Henry VIII. 
on hii first attempt at the dissolution 
of religious houses, it was included in 
his last Older, and was surrendered 
the igth of Jan. 1S38, 30 Hen. VIII. 
by Robert Sanderson, the list prior, 
and fourteen brethren!. This house, 
according to the course then followed, 
was commilted at its surrender to the 
custody of Ralph Gower and Richard 
Crosby, 10 whom were delivered for 
•afe keeping all the omimenti, plaie, 
jewels, chattels, seal of the houae, the 
ready money, household slufT, earn, 
■lore in the fanner's hands, &c. Src. 

The clear value of the possessions 
over and above the annual reprisca 
was 3li. Bd. which sum was thus set 
down by Jamca Hokeby, the King's 
Aodilor, now reinaittug in the Ang- 
meniBtion Office. 

FiKt. Thesciteoflhehowseofthe 
laide Freres, with the edifices, one 
girthing near the utter yats, and one 
ganhing adjoining unto the tjuere of 
the churche ther, contening in all . . . 
acrn, and is worth by year xti d. 

Item. Ther is a waste ground lieing 
upon the cstc part »f the same syte, 
conieynlng one acre, and it worth. 

Item. There is a grounde lying ncre 
uppon the West tyde of the tcitc call- 
ed the Orlcverd, cnntcyning one acre, 
and is wurth by yi;ri: ii«. 

Item. 'I'hi-ri; is a close called the 
Frcre Closi', licing inclosed within a 
Slime wall, contcyning vii actt's, and 
is wonh hv year xxi.t. 

iK-ni. 'Ther is a Icn't licin;; in Rich- 
mond in Bradgatc, with cflificvs and 
rents by ycte, toMvrds the re|>a'c[)ni, 
vii. viiiif. 

■' See Ai>peDdi<, No. XXXU. for th« 
wills of KstuL Kiti Kuidsl snd Kolx'tt Dslc. 

t See ApjKiidU, N'.. XXXIII.l'ur . cui.j 
of the lurrcndtr, with the nunpi cif tlia 
Friui tlicB ianMlci uf lite liuuts. 



Wl 



Th§ Grey Friatif Richmond, Yark$hSr€m 



[Sept. 



Item. There be 11 cotai^ adjoin- 
ing the Freres Wall, besyds Punfald 
Grene, now in decay for fak of repa- 
'con, nihil. 

The following account of this house, 
is taken from the Harl. MSS. 604, 
which, though it does not specify the 
lands and tenements so particularly as 
the preceding^ one, yet gives a full va- 
luation of their Koods and chattels. 

The clere vaTew of the possessions 
over and above the annuail reprises, 
zxxit. y'md. 

The number of the priors and bre- 
thren with the pcncioDs, nothing, xv. 

The clere money remanynge of the 
yearly possessions, xxis. viiid. 

The stock, store, and domesticall 
stuff sold with detts received, a. 

Rewards with porcions paid unto 
thejprior, ciiii. iiiio. 

Trie remanes of the price of goods 
and catells sold, nothing, the rewards 
exceeding the receipts (gr. exced. re.) 

Lead and bells remanyng. Lead xii. 
fother. Bells iii. Woods and under- 
woods nothing. Playt and Jewells xxi 
ounz. Detts owyng unto the howse 
nodiing. Detts owyng by the howse 
nothing. 

The Grey Friars for vehemently op- 

EMing Hen. VIII. in his divorce from 
atharineof Arragon, and forobstinate- 
ly refusing to acknowledge him as head 
of the Church, or rather for refusing 
to deny the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of 
the Pope in England, hid no pensions 
allowea them during life, as the Monks 
and Canons had, but were treated with 
great severity bjr the King. 

Burnet, in his History of the Re- 
formation «, says, "All the difliculty 
that I find made against owning the 
King's supremacy, was at Richmond, 
by the Franciscan Friars, where the 
Bishop of Litchfield and Coventry, 
and Thomas Bedyll, Archdeacon of 
Cornwall, the visitors, tendered some 
conclusions to them, among which 
this was one. Thai the Pope of Rome 
has no greater jurisdiction in this king' 
dom of England by the law of God, 
than any other foreigti Bishop ; and 
they desired that the Friars would re- 
fer the matter to the four seniors of 
the house, and acauiesce in what they 
tliould do. To til is the Friars said, 
that it concerned their conscience, and 
therefore they would not submit it to a 
small part of their house; and they 

4 Booklll. p. 188. 



added, that theu had MWom UfiUkm 
the rule of St. PrakeiM, and m ilii tlm/ 
would live and die, and cited a chap- 
ter of their Rule, that their Order ehoM 
have a Cardinai for their pr^ieeier, hf 
whose directiont they mighi be sneened 
in their obedience to the Hofy Sk\ 

Many of the Franciicant even suf- 
fered death for the same cauie: md 
others, coupled together with chaiiH^ 
were sent to distant gaols, to end their 
days in misery. 

The present tower, IniiU in the 
richest style of late Gothic aiehitcc- 
ture, with double buttretset at die 
angles, supporting crocketed pinnackSk 
was erected not long before the diw^ 
lution, and is said not to have been 
finished. From this specimen, one 
may form a very good idea what dw 
rest has been. 

There are no other remaint of die 
Friary still visible, except thb Tower, 
the West windows of tne Sonth aik^ 
a small part of the North wall, and a 
few scattered foundations, appeariiig 
in droushty weather abrnx the surface, 
East of it, which probably were the 
scite of the old church. In conformi^ 
to the general orders of Henry VIII. 
to immediately destroy the religiooi 
houses, its situation so near the toira 
would soon accelerate its demolitiop, 
as the stones with which it was biok 
could so easily be carried away for the 
erection of modem habitations. 

The founder died in 1270. Bii 
bones were buried in the choir at Co* 
verham, but his heart, enclosed in • 
leaden urn, was placed by his oiden 
in the choir of this churcn, under an 
arched recess in the wall. There wen 
several of the Scropes, the Plcsi^ii 
and the Frankes buned here. 

Leland tells us, <' that at the bakkt 
of the Frenchgate is the Grey Vnxeh 
a little withowtc the wanlles. .Tbcif 
house, medow, orchard, and a lit^ 
wood is wnuUed yn. Men go ftaiA 
the market place to hit by a postefD 
gate." 

These houses were veiy seldom ^' 
dowed with rents and revenues. Tbtf* 
Friars, by profession mendicants, wtf* 
not allowea to have any property wbic>^ 
could be called their own, DOt to t^ 
sist for the most part entirely up^ 
daily and accidental charity. Tho^P 

A See Appeodh, No. XXXIV>j|hr a ^ 
ter from the Bishop and BcdylT to I^ 

Cromwell. 

the 



i3SS.] 7%c Oreif Erian, Richmond, Yarkihire. 90S 

the pomp of landed property was thus married Maria, the heiress of the 
KDounoed by them, thqr never closed founder, as, instead of Or, on a chief 
their hands when a large legacy was indented Azure, a lion passant of the 
left ihem« either througn pretence of first, the arms of Randal ; a sahire, the 
supplying the necessities of the sick, shield of Neville, is placed twice upon 
or of clothing their brethren. As this it, one on each side of the figure of 
Order was in great esteem in England, St. Francis in the desert. Round it 
the Friars were very much trusted, is, &• Comune IFratntm Jflftinortiiii 
and generally were employed in the Hichnuntl* It was seldom that houses 
making of wills and testaments. Thus of this description were so far finished 
icaaonable opportunities among the by the founders as to be capable of 
rich were not wanting to them, to being inhabited, and of acquiring a 
[xompt the dving party to acts of cha- seal, but were generally left to be com- 
rity ; and as their powers of persuasion pleted by their successors. 
at this tremendous hour were very great, In the 32d of Hdw. I. a Friar of this 
they never failed to raise vast sums of house stealing some goods, and flyins 
money, which enabled many of this from the monastery, the King ordered 
Order to erect at ^at cost magnifi- him to be imprisoned by his writ " De 
cent and stately buildings and noble Apostata capiendo,'* and directed that 
dinrches, in which several Queens he should be delivered up to the con- 
and many other great personages chose vent, to be by them punished accord- 
to be buried, under a promise that ing to the rules of their Order, and fur- 
praven should be said daily for their ther commanded, that the stolen goods 
KKUi. According to Chaucer, should be restored. Tlie writ is pre- 
"FnHtwetdyberde he confession, ^^^^ >» Rymer's Foedera, vol. III. 
And pIcMat WIS hi* sbMlution." P- 1042 «. 
Thus having nothing, they possessed . ^^ * ^^\ »P ^^^^ H^Thian collee- 
werv thins o' j r tion^ coiitamins an account of the 
Pfers Wowman, in his Vision, a fi^antsof King K ward V. and Richard 
work of the 14th century, also says : I"' ^*^"^ is the following engy : A 

^ ^ warrant to Cyeoffrey Frauke, Receyvor 

"Ths Fretrn foUowed folke that wer riche, of Middleham, to content the Freres 

Asdfclkeshrtwerpior at litle price they set; ^f Richeraunde, with twelve marks, 

~*^ ^ ^" ""^ywd nor kirkc wm ^j,^ shillings and eight pence, for the 

buned, , , , , sayine of 1000 masses for King Ed- 

Bnt quick he bequeath d them ought, or ■'.j'^iir r^* .. v i .u o-.u 

quit p.rt?f hi. debt." '' TJ^'^- ^""^P »' y°*: •■^?. ^''' 

fn^ , . of May, anno pnino Uicardi III. 

That IS, they never gave admittance to xhe curious tale with regard to two 

a dead guest, without the payment of Yrhn of this house, Frcre Theobald, 

alaraesum by the executor. Happy ^hen warden, and the felon sow of 

was he then who could indulge the Rokeby, will be found in the Appen- 

idea of being buried within their haU ^Y^^^ ^^^ XXXV. It was first printed 

Wed walls, wrapped up in the habit by Dr. VVhitaker in his History of 

and cowl of St. brancis. This fune- Craven, from a MS. in his possession, 

lal dress was looked upon as a suffi- ^hich mentions that it was written in 

cimt security against the assaults of the time of Henry VII. 

the I>evil, and a certain passport to At the dissolution, the lands and 

the re^ons of eternal bliss, from a su- possessions belonging to the religious 

perstitious idea of the respect that fcouses were in many cases not sold, 

urould be paid to it at the last day. but granted on leases for a term of 

According to the rules of the Order, yea^s. ^s these leases were very bene- 

there was no real estate belonging to ficial, the lands and their appurte- 

th'is house, except the site of it, and nances frequently retaining the same 

the Friars' Closes, containine near privileges and immunities which be- 

eighteen acres, which the walls en- fonged to their former possessors, they 

cksed. Even these were given to the ^rere much sought after ; and before 

town in trust for their use, by reason the old leases were expired, the rever- 

ofthdr incapacity to enjoy them as sion of them was granted by the Crown 

their own. 

The seal which belonged to this « It is also civen by Mr. Clarkson in his 

hooae most have been made about History of Richmond. 

the year 1270, when Robert Neville 7 No. 438— 18SB« 



904 Gref Friar§, Rkhmimd.'^On DHapftldtMif. QEtapil 

to other persons upon the same terms, Ralph Oower^ on the S5tfa of Biifdi/ 

or sold in fee, on paying a certain quit 1558, 5 Eliz. released and omit okife- 

rent. The Crown lessees having in ed to the Burgesses of Rietimonil so 

general made very advantageous bar- annual rent of three shillings, payable 

Sains, likewise disposed of the remain- by them out of a house comiMnil|f 

er of their term of years, which will called the Plum House^ siUMted with* 

account for the Abbey lands passing so in the precincts of the house, late of 

frequently from one possessor to ano- the Freers Minors, which rent be hid 

ther, so as sometimes to cause a kind lately received from the gift and feof- 

of contradiction in the descent of this mcnt of the said Burgesses, 

property. Also, to increase the confu- The next account to be met with of 

sion, when a part of, them was sold the Freerage is, that it was grantfd in 

off, or granted upon lease, it was call- 15 Eliz. to Thomas Wray and NiciiO' 

ed the ))ossessions of such a house, and las Metcalfe, and the heirs of the stU 

so of the rest, all being styled by the Thomas, for the term of 9O00 year^ 

same name. They likewise not un- and by mean assignment from Si^ 

frequently reverted to the Crown by Wm. Wray, came to Sir Culhbert 

forfeiture, or want of heirs. Pepper, who in the 3d of James, ai- 

The possessions of the Friars Minors signed over his lease to Sir Timothy 

did not long continue after the disso- Huiton, his executors and assigns, ht 

lution, in the Crown, for Henry Vill. all the term therein. This Kase of 

8()th of May, in the 31st year of his the Freenige, after the death of Sir TV 

reign (1539), granted to Ralph Gower mothy, was, Nov. 30, J 63 1, valiied iC 

of Richmond, all the site of the Freer- 350/. and a " lead cisterno standing \B 

age, with the garden lying near the a lone roome in the ganicrs within the 

outer gate, and another near the choir Fryerie at forty shilUngp^*' beiqg put 

of the church, containing in the of nis personals, 

whole, by estimation, . . . acres, one Soon after the death of Sir Timo- 

piece of waste lying on the East part thy, his son Matthew sold, in lfi83, 

of the house, and one parcel of land the Friary and demesnes to a Mr. Ho< 

called the Orchard on the West, con- binson for 600/. the then rental 40/. 

taining, by estimation, one acre, one The site of the tower and the pie* 

close containing seven acres, one tene- niises within the walls now belonc ttf 

ment in Bradgate (Briggate), with all John Robinson, eso. in whose family 

the buildings near the wall of the they have couiinuea since 1^13, par* 

hoase towards Pinfold Green, and all chased of one Goddard. This gentle^ 

other buildings in Richmond, belong- man has made great improvements, by 

ing to the said house, reserving 10 clearing the tower and srounds of 

himself, however, all the large trees many useless modem boildings, and 

and woods growing and standing there- making some ornamental plantations, 

upon ; all which premises were to be a 

held from the Feast of St. Michael the •»!» tTbba*^ 0^4 a 

Archangel last past, for the term of .'JTuA^fAu t r ,,^'''' 

twenty-eight years, on his paying 10 A LTHOUGH I am fully scnsiUt 

the King and 'his successors thirty-one -^^ ^f the difficulty of tooching sd^ 

shillings and eight pence a year, at j«c^ <>« ancient practice, and of tht 

the Feasts of the Annunciation of the nazard of barely si^cesting any altM^ 

Virgin Mary and St. Michael, by equal ^ion in usages w-hich tlie wisdom of 

portions. ^^ ^33 sanctioned, especially of aa 

In 1.^45, six years after the grant to Kcclesiastical nature, yet where this 

Ralph Gower, these premises were " ^^^ without a design to offend, and 

again granted for a term of years to »" ^W'"« *^*»*^^ "ay not render tht 

John Bannyster and William Met- discussion obnoxious, little apology 

calfe ; and in 43 Kliz. to Robert Ban- »««'"8 necessary. Your woH-knowtt 

nysier. In 1553 there remained in "»ndour, and that of your iiumeraoi 

charge three pounds in corodies". Ecclesiastical Readers, willjiidge Csariyi 

, \ and the publick, on vrhom 1 thall 

• It may reasoaibly be snppoMd, thu pfopwe to remove the burden^ wiH 

these premises were ptrt of the posseisioiu ^^U I trust, find much cause fbr cco^ 

of John Gcmer, ton of Rdph, who was at- •ure. The Dilapidation qf ParwoMgf 

taintedof high treason in 15(;9» and all hit Houses is fixed by the existing la0 

ciutes contiscatod to the Ciowii. to be Uic duty and ohazge of th^ la^ 

cumbenti 



Om DUkpidatums of Pmrnnu^e thlu».' 40B 

• to reptir ; the cases are mi* the demands-^but thould bis life bcf 

in which both the income attacked by atiy fatal disorder, he learev 

cure, the extent of private behind him not only hit unliquidated 

and the uncertainty of iife debts, but a distressed family lo ttlug-' 

He, offer insuperable difficol- gle with iheir burden 1 
r Clergy are not, very gene* Before the pungent fegrets for bi« 

ee from tome incumbrances, losa have sunk into silent grief, and 

living is presented to them— while the tears of the widow and or-i 

iths and first fruits, and the phans are yet wet upon the sOd which 

of admission, are then to be covers his remains, a new Incumbent^ 

for; it is not until a consi- with honest joy at his presentafcicto^ 
ime afterwards that the^ reap arrives to ukie ponession, and to fto^ 
loiaryadvantage from their new eeed to the ceremoniea of his indcKH 
— wiiile some of the outgoings tion— the momenti though cMpeeiedi 
(dental expences, such as re- is of keen importance to them, for il 
iimiture, &c. are immediately gives the signal for their departure) 
; the insurance of their life thus they are at once bereaved of 
tain sum would at that time many friends whom they had loved/ 
easore of prudence, but it is of persona! resp^t, of comfortable re- 
if ever adopted, from the want sidence, and of support!— the house 
diate supplies. The time al- is then to be set in order (or its new 
or the nayment of tenths and masters-estimates are made for its re- 
ts is enlarged according to the pair — and the state of suffering already 
raloe of the living — but this is described is increased in its pungency 
ays complied with, until the by a leoal demand for their amount 1 
ent has had recourse to the the total inability, from whatever cause 
practices of raising money at it may arise, ot the late InctmbeBt; 

This incumbrance upon a pri« is not considered in extenuation, and 

tone often remains unliqui*' the demand is enforced 1 His errors, 

r many years, and even beyond if such they were, are now charged 

od of life, when it is left to upon the widow and his orphan chnd<> 

I leoresentatives to discharge j ren f and the eonscquenoea afe tod 
nnieas an Incumbent live to obvious. 

s benefice many years, his for<» The recent augmentations of poor 

probably much the worse for livings, and curacies, have pernapt 

snnent ; which affords an ad« gone as far as might have been ex- 

mson for the insurance of his pected, but they could not meet all the 

II these are grounds for the exigencies of every case : the sugae»> 
which I am venturing to pro- tion now offered is designed to relieve 

cause with such incumbrances at least one of these burdens; and why 

re than probable that the par- should not that burden be removed 

loose and premises should re- from the Minister and from his sor- 

orepaired, except in a degree viving relatives, when it may be so 

lecessary to comfort. It is to divided and extended as to become too 

idered also, that the more li- light for complaint? 
id learned may have been the The Incumbent is the Minister of 

n and researches of the indi- the parish for the core of souls •^ a 

the less has his mind been de- dwelling is in most, though not in all 

> accumulate the means of d is- instances, provided for his' residence, 

; such numerous obligationa. that he may be near to his Church, 

lies of his cure, also me pre- and in the centre of his flock, that 

I of his discourses, necessarily their spiritual wants may be readily 

his utmost attention, so that supplied, and that they may have con- 

iods for payment arrive upon tinual access to him on all occasions 

it were, suddenly, and unpre^ for their own benefit : he dwells there 

or; possibly the ill-health of amongst them from a sense of propri- 

lily, the increasing number of ety, of duty, and of convenience, not 

Idren, and perhaps to these always agreeably to his will ; and ak 

added his own shaken oonsti- -though his own edification, and that 

combine to render it utterly of his family come under his cai«« Nf!^ 

Ua for him to provide the ii i$ for iknr advaiiia»e, md toT thcW 

which MHO requkiit to juiairvr wkoUp9pulaliW9^9^VtJk)tkvs^^^K^^s^ 



206 On Dilapidatiaiu of Parsonage JEfosMi. [StfL 

planted on that spot. It is alleged that just demand, rather than to her whoK 
thev pay him tithes of what they possess, distress had perhaps already driven her 
and fees for the several oftices which for refuge to the tranauil asylum of 
he performs for them; but none of Whitgift's Collei^el I nave heard in- 
thesewhcii united aresutRcientinmany deed of some instances where an op*- 
livinirs, and ebpecially in those usually lent Incumbent has brought with hin 
denominaied *' small livings/' to sup- to his rural parsonage the habits of fh 
port his family and repair the parson- shionable life, for which the humbls 
age buildings — and too frequently the dwelling of his predecessor was ill- 
most fair and genilc request of some calculated to offer those extensive ac- 
increase in their amount is treated commodations which such habits r^ 
with as much opposition as in those quire — the foundation has then ben 
instances where it is improvidently de- extended — the narrow entrance hn 
roanded. It must indeed be confessed, been expanded into a hall, the Utdc 
that the demand by new Incumbents study, which produced perhaps the 
has too often been made in terms lit- divine eloquence of a Tillotson, a 
tie calculated to inspire a conciliatory Seeker, or a Porteus, has been stretch- 
agreement, ed into a library — the parlour, which 
The Minister is thus the leading served during ages past for all the sin- 



otBccr of his parish, the rector, or pie hospitalities of affection and 
ruler of his little community; if their fort, has been changed into a ailooi^ 
benefit be consulted by his appoint- lighted by a pendent branch of lustra: 
ment, it seems a natural result that and the small windows, which opeaa 
they should reciprocally provide for to a rustic garden for the good maa'i 
him a suitable dwelling, and contri- retreat to a shaded summer-home:* 
bute towards his support: — such a ivy circled bench, now spread wide 
contract is almost universal in other their sashes of plate glass, in order the 
cases — a Magistrate neither provides better to discover the far moredistiil 
nor repairs the hall of his customary vista terminated by the lofty itand it 
sittings — wherever the Municipalities a race course. But, alasl this richlop 
require the residence of their Chief, cumhent*s fortune could not prolong 
that residence is provided for him, life — his day was come, and his inl- 
and it is preserved and repaired for prudent expenccs, which by a pif^ 
its successive Incumbents. The par- chial committee might in the measnie I 
sonage house bears strict analogy to have recommended, have been juillj 
these cases ; the Pastor holds it with restrained, have fallen heavily upon 
his Church but as an official fee dur- his representatives on one side, and 
ing his incumbency, of which he may upon nis less opulent and less foshroo- 
be deprived by the ultimate and most able successor on the other, who caa- 
uncertain of all causes, his own dc- not afford to dwell in such a paraoo- 
mise: and it apjiears to me that this alehouse. Thus, Mr. Urban, in bodi 
uncertainty, if all the jiointe above- views of this case, I most heartily with 
stated were blunted or removed, alone you to recommend to the attention of 
affords sufficient ground fur throwing the Clergy, for whom I entertain the 
the burden upon the parish by a rate. highest veneration, a due oonaideia" 
The same power which is lodged tion of my plan during the pretco^ 
with the Churchwarden to inspect recess, that those who are placed oX 
and order the repairs of the (Dhurch, the head of our Ecclesiastical Est*- 
may be extended to those of the par- blishment might prepare such a biU » 
sonage house and buildings — the con- would meet these exigencies, 
dition and estimate of them would be By the Ecclesiastical Law, if tl*^ 
then regularly laid before a vestry, and Rector of a Church at his death ah^* 
the very suiall addition required to leave the houses of the Church rO^' 
that rate would be scarcely felt by nous or decayed, so much shall be ^*~ 
each parishioner, while the parson and ducted out of his Ecclesiastical 
his family would be relieved from the as shall be sufhcient to repair the i ^_^ 
burden of the whole amount : he and to supply the other aefects of ft^ 
would then dwell in a house suitable Church. The same i« decreed cotf ' 
to his station — and if upon a new in- cerning those vicars, who have all tl*' 
duction it were found to be out of re- revenues of the Church, paying a ia€^ 
■pair, application would be made to derate pension. For inasmuch ai th^^ 
those tv/io are abic to couiply with the axeVKmnidL \o t\\« vcnBBaMta^ wch. pp^"^ 



On Dilajndations.'^Ring with PoirtraH of Charlet 1. Wf 

veil be deducted, and oaght wards of 40 years, 376/. for estimated 

kofied amongt the debts. — dilajpidations ; although it was alleged 

io the defence that the house had not 

loiy or Ticarage, and other been inhabited for many years prcvU 

which belong to the parson, ous to the time of the late incumbent's 

e the Ecclesiastical goods or coming to the living. Architects were 

his cure are not sufficient, examined to prove estimates to the 

Suestioned ; but if he hath amount of 520/. It did not appear 

lem in improving his pa- whether he had inhabited the vicar- 

or if, bv too much atten- a^ house, but if it had not been inha- 

lis worlcfiy affairs, he hath bited for so long a period, a consider- 

his Ecclesiastical, in these able decay must necessarily have en- 

I bound to make satisfaction sued, and this may have been one rea- 

patrimonial ^^oods. — Ibid, son for its remaining so long unoccu- 

are insufficient, then so far pied. In such a case as this, there- 
he goods will extend : hav- lore, the burthen falls heavily on the 

to the exigencies and qua- representatives of the last Incumbent, 

! thing to be repaired, so as who are now saddled with this amount 

be for necessity, and not for of dama^, besides the encreased costs 

and in case ot death, this is at law, (or the repairs, which kind con- 

upon the Incumbent's es- siderationofthe fortune of the former In- 
set to the previous payment cnmbentorhis widow had induced him 
i^.'^Degge, p. I.e. 8. to forbear. Now, had the plan which 
air is also decreed to be done I have ventured to recommend been 
lall require, or the interpo- the established law, no such vexation 
the Bishop may be obtained, could have occurred. 
11€. Upon the whole, it seems mostde- 
iies may and ofcen do agree sirable that a full and mature conti- 
rtaiQ sum to be laid out, or deration of the law as it stands should 

take place, with cool deliberation, be- 
lt, of 13 Eliz. c. 10. j^ves fore any such measure as I have ven- 
remedy against the avoiding tured to suggest can be publicly pro- 
irt by any deed or gift, or posed ; and the communications of your 

which statute has been con- Correspondents may greatly assist in 

l6Car. I. c. 4. and is under- this necessary investigation. A. H. 
•mprehend fences, and to ex- ^ 

9Cutors. Gibs. 762. 3 Rulstr. Mr. Urbak, Sept. 3. 

IsU. 158. 3 Inst. 204. 3 Keb. 'VT'OUR Correspondent "X." has 

whether this statute is still X given a vtrry interesting account 
18 been questioned. of a curious antique ring, containing 
5h the remedy seems most pro- a Portrait of Charles the First; and 
Ted to Ecclesiastical Courts, his ^;eneral remarks are highly enter- 
been also held that a special taining. As it will neither lessen the 
aw will lie against the party, value of the trinket itself, nor dimi- 
utors or administrators. Deg. nish the interest excited by *'X.s" 

Wats. 39. I Biic. Abr. 63. very excellent letter, and as it may 

y understood to apply to the afl'ord amusement to him and some 

t, and not to any curate or brother Antiquaries, I will also de- 

: inducted. 3Kcb. 6l4. scribe a very similar article, one at 

isubseouentstatuteof 14Eliz. the least as curious, and shewing that 

rided tnat all sums recovered the treasure discussed by your Corres- 

rpQse shall be em ployed upon pondent is not unique, and may be 

DjKS and reparations witnin rivalled by many of a similar character, 
aner recovery thereof, on pain I cannot at this distance of time, 

the amount to the crown ;— for many years have elapsed since I 

am is to be laid out by the saw it, trace the pedigree of the ring, 

^Ineumlient, and not by the which I shall describe; but that it is 

. Gibs. 754. of genuine antiquity is unquestionable; 

Utt assizes for Kent, a cause the mark of a^e is upon it. 
nre was tried, in which the The ring itself wai ol ^t« %^<^« 

vbeni of Detling recovered plaio, and wiiboat ^cweVVerf ox oit«l- 

^^"f^f, ^{ ^^^ deccaued ment of any kind •, «m \V lop ^ '^^ 

iud held the living up^ was an oval of >vhUcciviU\«i\, f\oltucne 

>X\e^ 



206 



On Dilapidatiom of Panona. 



planted on that spot. It is alleged that 
they })ay him tithes of what they possess, 
and fees for the several oflices which 
he perfuriiis for tiiem ; but none of 
these when united are sutRcientin many 
iivin<(S, and especially in thohe usually 
denominated ** small livings," to sup- 
port his family and repair the |Kirson- 
age buildings — and too frec|uently the 
most fair and gentle request of some 
increase in their amount is treated 
with as much opposition as in thoM 
instances where it is improvidently rK 
manded. It must indeed be confe<>«> 
that the demand by new Incum It- 
has too often been made in tern 
tie calculated to inspire a coneil 
aiireement. 

Tiie Minister is thus th^- 
otlicer of his iKirish, the x' 
ruler of his little communit* 
benefit be consulted by li' 
ment, it seems a nature' 
they should reciprocally 
him a suitable dwelling, 
bute towards his supp' 
contract is almost un- 
cases — a Magistrate • 
nor repairs the hall 
sittings — whcrcvti 
require the resid; 
that residence i^ 
and it is presrr 
its successive 1 
sonage housi* 
these cases : 
his Church 
ing his inf- 
be dcpri\ t 

uncertaiii .^ «i. 

misc: a: v. 4. ."^ 

unccrta ...u.wrt 

stated V , .^.. vl- 

afford^ . , . sc 

the bi 

Tl- 
with 
and 
iiia^ 

di' .. ... 

tl ... .. 

t^ 

'.-..• lines 

. ., V. '\u\ 1 
I \ . .. ••.,;.iie. 



just d<" 
distrt • • 
for 1 

Wl;' 

dii. 

Ii:. 



.. .^ 



.. L'tmbert. [Sep 

•-.y published dcscrip 
••■• p- 9-"» ^rced will 

. the f.j:uraiiie lao 

.i?cript'.on mi^ht wd 

d conjecture of thi 



iw- 









j-.vever, I n-aJ the (X)Cffl 
. jiitiiled *• Of Death and 
... ■ in the July Ma^. p. d, 
c'Hjmblinu: the ahoic, not 
-;u.ige and idej, but fiosscss- 
r ."juintness of exprcsiion, so 
.3 10 ap|K'ar parodies 011 each 
•uld scarcely fail in conclud- 
i, . cy were both written by the 
^.rx.>n.^ I therefore send you the 
.•j^v of the inscriptiim, oii which 
.•> EtJ. Hood may be able to 
?orae further light, 
monument ha.s no date, nor ii 
. x.' ikI of its erection given bv Mr. 
^u.agale. By the prose in.HcrIption 
. t. it appears to have been erected 
wjsequent to the year Kilt), by a d^ 
v-'ifiant or relation of the Aldernian. 
'**ie style of the monument well agreci 
sih the period at which both these 
vets lived, and it therefore affords no 
^viH'lusion as to which of ihem the 
n?cription was wriitcn by. As, liow- 
.'ver, such enquiries are, I belifve, 
J:;reeable to the readers of the Gen- 
tleman's Magazine, you will probably 
think the above oliservations worthy 
ot notice. 

In the same Magazine a ()a.<isage i» 
the Obituary article on the Rev. J. 
l^mbert, p. 85, calls for some expli* 
nation f. However we mav admire s 
man whou- conscientious scruples pre- 
vented him from advancin;r his uorUlly 
interest (a circumstance very uncom- 
mon in these duys), yn I cannot un- 
derstand what ib meant by saying he 
**gave lip the doctrines of Aihanasius, 
and adopted the precepts of our Sa- 
viour.'' Myself a member of the Na- 
tional Church, and consequently an 
JihrintLsian, I was surpriseil to see tlie 
doctrines of Athanasius opimscd to 
those of the Founder of our l4ith Ai 
I understand the passage, it should 
read, he -ave U|i liie doctrines of A llia- 
nasius fnr the heresy of Arius. 

Ilajipily unalleeicd by the liberalism 
or latitudiuarian principltai of the day, 
1 can look upon a man whoiU-nics the 
Inmty, aiid de.spJMs the ai«inin-» sa- 
crifice of Jesus Christ, in no other 
light than an Infidel. J.;, j ('^ 

t Tliearttfle wns inserted entire, at >eat 
hy » ( ai respondent. Eiut. 

^rr 



• •, 



« ■• 






-• • 
• ••* • 

• • • 

• •••• 



• •• 



• • • 



••/•. 

•••• 

« • 

• ••• 



• • ••• 

• •• •• 



• * 



• • 



• ,' 



Aoynios'f AfoMiiiMiil at En/M, MiddkutK. fiOO 

Jkbav^ Aug. S3, infant in a cradk at the foot of the 

ur Rerirw of Dr. Robinson's desk between the man and woman ; 

ory of Enfield (see Part i. page and over the desk, in Roman capitah^ 

)u noticed the sinciularity ot a the following inscription : 

ayor of I^ndon being rcpre- "Hnre lyes th« boddym of Nic«lu 

>n his monument in armour. Rajntoii, esq. mnd Rebecca hb wife, who 

er account of this Monument dytd in the yeaivs 1641 mnd 1649, and had 

think, be gratifying to your inue threa soaoeB and three daughters, viz. 

, whilst it will at the same Nichoba^aow livcing (Thomat deceased), 

Md a pleasing specimen of the Tho«aM> Rebecca, Anna, and Eliubatb, 

Bty manner in which the Mo- ^"^ »«• liireing." 

I are represented in Dr. Robin- The centre shield. Sable, a chevron 

hiiMc work. (Set Piaie IL) cotised between three cinquefoils Or. 

m, ice. N.R.S. Raynlom cnrer which is the crest, on 

limt the North wall in the a wreath, a Giyphon's head couped 

oom, there is a lance superbly Sable, beaked Or, charg^ on the 

ited Monument. Under a ca- neck with a cinnuefoil of the last. 

two pillars of black marble of The arms on the top of the pediment 

iathian order is the figure of of thia Monument, on a shield, are 

n arnKKir, with a ckise black erroneously painted : they should hare 

coif, and a ruff, his head l>cen thus*: Aiure, a lion passant 

n his right hand and a en- gnvdant between three pheons Or, 

■caring the robe of a L(»d with the arms of Ulster as a baronet. 

£Lon&i, a collar of SS, and WotsUnbolme. 

Bi, with badge appendant; in On the dexter side of the monu^ 

Und the handle of a sword, ro«nt, on a shield KoyxAm i unpahng 

le of which is gone ; over the Moutlon, Gules, a chevron Argent, 

onat Above him, on a tablet ^r^^ty Sable, between three mullets 

marble, is the following in- pierced Or 5 and on the sinistei side, 

I* Moulton single. 




iia Vice-co»es per «4 aniios, Se- ^^^ were committed to other prisons, 

■lor, Justitiariu. F«.is, Pratsea fo' ueglecting to procure the King the 

I Bartholumvaiii, pater patri» dig- loan of 2000/. in the citjf , and the A U 

Abbo Xti ui46, aetatia siue 78, torney General was ordered to nrose- 

^astl mortuus est, Ih Septembria cute them. After the Scots took New- 

OBB cum pia & chariiaiina lucore castle, and offered the city a free trade 

m Rebecca Raynton, aano Xti in coals, the Lord Mayor, &c. prescnt- 

ealuiD pracinusa. ed a i>etition to the King to cafl a Par- 

V Epitaphium. liament. ITie King's affairs obliging 

I r^i scxtum durabat in aanum, ^j^ ^ repeat his application for a loan : 

OS 8c belli jam qiiadnennis erat. j^ crantefl+ '* 

eelebri Rayntonus ia urbo Senator, ° ' ' ^ 

, «|«»s, patri« pro meritUquc p.- j^j^ Urbav, Aug. 25. 

ifUm, eoDstan. et pacu amator, I-I EHE^VITH I send you an ac- 
ni mlMris, ausiliumque bi>nis, * ■■• <^win^^ »[ ™ ancient mansion 

Nrte thori clauaus jacet hucce se- house called RrcaksiiearB, in the pa- 

ildiro, risli of Harefield in the hundred 

eoa Xti vox rcTocabU humo.** of Elthome, in the coi^iUy of Mid- 

dle»ex, three miles from 'Uxbridge, 




Mow these two lar-e fi-ures «« ^^'^'^.T' °^y ^''^^ ^h**"^; ^'^ ^"»= *"^ 

ler figures, of a man and wo- the jKilite attention pid to me and 

eeling at a desk with bociks niy friend during our se.irdies rcsptTi- 

hem. Behind the man are mg the fa mily. Mr. L rban s yvi^es 

kneeling; behind the woman * See Dethain'* Haronecuge, II. p. 363. 

jghters, also knrelini^; and an f Maidiad's Lond. ^OS -^<^H. 

s 



810 Mantion of Breakspean, eo. Middlesex, described* [Sept ! 

ha?e been the means of afibrding me place of the AshbysatRickmenwoith. 
some assistance on the subject, for Chauncy*s Hertfordshire, 
which, as a small remuneration, I Ashby, as before, impaling 1st and 
beg leave to intrude the following, 4th, Gules, 3 fish naiant withm a bor- 
which forms a portion of the sweets of der insrailed Argent for Liiiing; Sd 
my intricate search. and dd, Amnt, a demi lion rampmi 

jBreakspears, an ancient mansion in Gules, for Malory ; both of which 
this parisn, is said by Camden to have are quartcrings of Peyton. Vide the 
taken its name from a family, from Visitations Com. Camb. Bernard cf . 
whom Pope Adrian was descended. Iselham, in Murham Church, eo. 
Some traces of a family of this name Norfolk, quarters Lilling. BiomEdd, 
are to be met with as late as the year vol. VII. 

1591, when Anne Brcakspcar was In the second ii;in<2ot9.— Ashby, n 
married at Harefield : vide Parochial before, impaling Wroth, Argent, on a 
Register. In the year 1371 Wil- bend Sable three lions heads cFMed of 
liam Swanland granted a lease of (k) the 6cld, ducally crowned Or. Tho* 
years to William Brekspere, of a house mas Ashby, who died 1559, niarried 
and lands in Harefield, which had Anne, daughter and sole heir of EiU 
been held by John Grove tn bondagio, ward Wroth, who died 1545. (Par. 
Before the end of the following cen- Reg.) With her he had a third put 
tury it appears to have been in the of the manor of Durants, in the pi- 
possession of the family of Ashby, who rish of Enfield. (Cole*s Abstract of 
were settled at Harefield as early as the Escheats, Harl. MSS. No. 759 1) L^ 
year 1471, and whose family is now sons's Environs, vol. 11. ; Dr. Rohin* 
become extinct in the male Ime. Vide son's History of Enfield. Note, die 
Lysons's Additions to Middlesex Pa- Ashbys through the Wroths trace up 
fishes, p. 11 1 . to the year 1 ?73. See their pedincc, 

Arms in the //a//— which you enter p. 149, vol. I. Robinson's Hist. 01 En- 
into by a glass door from the lawn, field. 

over which, on an oval and raised A large shield of quarterings to the 
shield, are the armorial bearings of number of 20 ; the nve first coats be- 
the Ashbys, viz. Azure, a chevron Or ing mutilated, their place has been 
between three eagles displayed with supplied in an unskilful manner with 
two heads Argent. Crest, an casle a fragment of the Ashby arms ; 6. Ar- 
with his winss elevated and expanded gent, a chevron wavy between three 
Argent, ducally crowned Or. On the roses Gules, barbed Vert and reeded 

right side of the door, in stained glass, Or, for 7. Gules, three lions 

an allegorical representation of their rampant Or, for 8. Argent, 

ancient cognomen, rebussed by an ash on a chevron Sable three towen of 

tree, surrounded with a swarm of bees, the field, for 9. Three Leo- 

On the left side the following motto pards* heads inverted jessant de lis Or, 

in a curious enveloped scroll, — Noli for 10. Chcquy Or and A- 

dicere omnia quce scis. zure, a chevron Ermine, for Turqui« 

Turning to the left, I commence nius Earl of Warwick. 1 1. Seemindy 
my description of theirs/ window o( Azure, a pale Or, which I take for 
the Hall, now enclosed by a closet, Nigel, Baron of Halton, or mutilated 
v^hich has the following arms in Newhurgh, Earl of Warwick. If. 
stained glass : Ashhy» quartering,— Gules, a chevron Argent, between 10 

1. Peyton, Sable, a cross engrailed Or, crosses formd Or, for Berkel^. 13. 
in the first quarter a mullet Argent. Gules, a lion passant gardant Argent, 

2. Bernard of Iselham, Cambridge, ducally crowned Or, Fits Gerajid. 
Argent, a bear saliant Sable, muzzled 14. Or, a fesse between 2 chevrons 
Or. 3. Gernon, Gules, 3 piles wavy. Sable, for Lisle. 15. Or, a saltire be- 
mecting in point Argent. 4. Malory, tween 4 martlets Sable, for Guldefonl 
Arcent, a oemi lion rampant Gules, or Guildford. 16. Argent, a fess dan- 
unuerneath the date of 1572. Anne, cettd Sable, for West. 17. Gules, a 
dau. of Thomas Peyton, married John lion rampant and semd of cross crose- 
Ashby of Harefield in Middlesex, esq. lets fitch^ Ardent, for De la Warre. 
(ancestor to those now of that place.) IS. Barry of 6, Or and Azure, on a 
Wotton's Baronetage, vol. I. Ann chief of the last two pallets between 
Asheby died October, 18 Hen. VII. 2 csqui;>scs of the first; over all, an es- 

£MJJ, buried in the chapel or burying- cuVcWoti \t^wv» ^ot ^HL^ws^^t. \^. 



Mmukm o/Breakspears, eo. Uiddle$ex, described. 



m 



leopards' heads ioTerted jes- 
Or> for Cantilupe. SO. Gules, 
• enhanced Or, for Greelye 
\, July 1823, Gent. Mag.) 
Itt. Arg:ent, a lion rampant 
, a chief Sable three escal- 
i field, for Russell; 2. Azure, 
ith dome Argent, for Dc la 
Or, three bars Gules, a cres- 
ief Sable, supposed Mustian; 
a lion rampant between 3 
(lets fitch^ Argent, supposed 
y Sable, three chevrons £r- 
reKent Argent for difference, 
; 6. Sable, three dovecots 
. mullet Or for difference, for 
date 15()9. This must cer- 
the arms of Ambrose Dud- 
)f Warwick, who married to 
wife, Anne, daughter to 
arl of Bedford. He died in 

third window, Ashby, as he- 
aling per fess Azure and 
xmier Argent, for . . ; quar- 
.les, a fess nebul^ between 6 

j^Dt, for Also, the 

ms superbly blazoned, viz. 
id England quarterly within 
% supported by a golden lion 
ragon on rich pedestal orna- 
iderneath, the Royal motto, 
take for Queen Elizabeth's 
> in her Progresses, we read, 
Harefield, and most probably 
I, with her presence, in com- 
I her distinguished courtiers 
luen, to whose memory, and 
Hiding down to posterity of 
, these blazoned emblems 
1 set up with those of her 
irites Robert and Ambrose 
^Is of Leicester and VVar- 

anie'Toom, the two windows 
form in a direct line with 
the hall, is a remarkable 
chimney-piece, a very fine 
of antient carved work, re- 
; in the centre, surrounded 
uperb and well-cut wreath 
I, the arms of Ashby, quar- 
oihi over all the crest. Un- 
the arms, the following is 

: QUI . VOLVIT . BT . PO- 

:iT. The arms and crest arc 
ly prominent; on each side 
y of their name ; an ash-tree 
letters B. Y. and many other 
ily executed devices. I shall 
It iome future time transmit 



to your pages a correct represcntatioa 
of this piece of antiquity. 

In the first window of the ante-room, 
Ashby, as before, impaling 1st and 
4th, Gules 3 piles wavy, meeting in 
point Argent, for . . . (This 1 take 
to be Gernon, but know of no con- 
nection between the families, except 
its being a qnarterinsr of Peyton's), 
quartering Gyronne of 8, Argent and 

6ule8, for surrounded by a 

spacious ornament, at the base of 
which I perceived these arms, quar- 
terly, France and Enzland withm a 
bordure . . bezanty. 1 cannot exactly 
say to whom these arms belong. Ash- 
by as before, impaling, seemmgly per 
fesse two coats, of which the upper 
part is demolished and supplied by a 
fragment, the base of which remains, 
and is Gyronne of 8, Argent and 
Gules, for . . . 

In the second window of the ante- 
room, Ashby as before, impaling, 1st 
and 4th, Argent, a fess Gules, for . . . 
2d and 3d Argent, on a chief Azure 
3 piles Sable, each charged with a 
nail Or, for . . . 

Also, a shield of four-and-twenty 
quarterings, environed with the order 
of the Garter, which plainly bespeak 
it to be the Earl of Leicester's, who 
died 15R8. 

1. Or, a lion rampant double qneu'd 
(Vert), charged on the breast with a 
crescent for difference, for Dudl^. 
2. Gules, a cinquefoil Ermine, for 
Bella mont Earl of Licicester. 3. Or, 
two lions passant Azure, for Paganel. 
4. Argent, a cross fleury Azure, for 
Sutton. 5. Argent, 3 bars Azure, in 
chief a file of three iM)ints Argent, for 
Grey, Viscount Lisle. 6. Fragment. 
7. niank. 8. Vaire, Or and Gules, 
for Ferrers Earl of Derby. 9. Gules, 
7 mascles conjoined, S, 3, and I, for 
Quincy Earl of Winchester. 10. Gu. 
a lion rampant and border ingrailed Or, 
a crescent for difference, for Talbot, 
Viscount Lisle. 11. Gules, a fess be- 
tween 12 cross crosslets Or, Beau- 
champ Earl of Warwick. 12. Tur- 
qninius. Earl of Warwick, as before. 
13. Argent, 2 bars Gules, Mauduit, 
Earl of Warwick. 14. Lozeng^ Or 
and . . . (Azure) a border Gules, be- 
zantd, for Newburgh, Earl of War- 
wick. 15. Berkeley as before. 16. 
Fitz Gerald, ditto. 17. Lisle, ditto. 
18. Guldeford, ditto. I9. Aroent, a 
bend Gules, for . • . 20. VTeix, «% 



3 It Bnakspetnn, MiddUMex.-^LUikedie, B'iUw. [hpL 



More. SI. De ia Warre, ditto. St. vdley, in the ratdai of a pu1c» eotiMb 

Mortimer, ditto. 83. Cantilnpe, do. ridings, after the fashion of the Iftk 

94. Gfeilly, ditto. The who4e tur- centiny, sarrounded by laige ani 

mounted with an Earl's coronet. dreary fish-ponds, and shadoffcd by 

Many of these armories are in sad gloomy proves i this romantic aaoM^ 

disorder, from the way in which they nearly coeval with the oidcat of ib 

have been jumbled together at some neighbomiDg oaks, scaems pecnUjf 

distant period by the hands of the gla- adapted to inspire sencimenla of lenw. 

zier, more especially the coats de* From the Domesday Book we Ion 

scribed in the first window of the that the manor of Littlecote vras Md 

hall. The present wortliy owner has of Milo Crispin by Turchetil, and ihsl 

taken every care for the preservation Godric held it in the time of King Ed> 

of them or any thing else that bespeaks ward, and it was asseaaed at one hiis 

the antiquity of his family. and a yardland. There was half a 

Joseph Ashby Partridge, esq. Ma- ploaghland with one borderer; snl 

gistrate for the County of Middlesex, four acres of meadow, foor acm if 

mhcrits this estate in right of his nio- pasture, and four acres of thorm^aDd 

ther Eltaabeth, daughter and sole heir worth ten shillings, 

of Robert Ashby of Break»pears, esq. It afterwards became the pnpo^ 

which gentleman, jointly with the of the DareU or Dorreis*, in woin 

Rev. Hector Davies Morgan, M.A. of family it continued through a kia 

Trinity College, Minister of C'SStle line of succession till the time of u* 

Hedinghara, Essex, and Chaplain to cabeth, when, as appears by the Ibl- 

Lord Kenyon, are the two latest de- lowing traditional evidence, it becans 

scendants of this ancient family ; of the property of the Pophams, in iHioii 

whom it is generally supposed that famny it still remains, 

they came out of Leicestershire; but Early in the reign of Elixabetbf s 

my attempts have been fruitless in en- midwife of the town of Newbnyio 

deavnuring to connect them with the Berks, was called from her bed ny a 

Leicestershire Ashbys. horseman, who, speaking to heratbcr 

The Rev. H. D. Morsan, by his window, earnestly pressed her to ae- 

maternal grandfather, is collaterally and conipanjy him to a lady who wantad 

nearly connected with the great Judse her assistance. A certain mystcriB» 

Sir William Blackstone, knt. Ilts manner accompanied every woid 

grandfather John Blackstone shone spoken by the stranger. He lefased 

conspicuous as a lo%'er of botany ; he to disclose the lady^ name, or tha 

was a great intimate %vith Sir Hans place of her abode, and the good wo- 

Sloane ; there are many of his writing man observed, by the faint light of 

deposited in the Sloanian Library, Bri- the Moon, that he waa masked. She 

tisn Museum. He spent the greatest resolved to refuse, on his propoainE 

part of his time at Breakspears, pur- that she should be blindfolded' till 

suing his favourite study, and possessed they should arrive at the plaee fran 

some' land there, which bears the name whence he came ; but a purse of goU 



of RIackstone's Meadow to this day. handed upon the point of the 

He was the author of an ingenious man's rod, just as sne was shotting her 

little work, entitled "Fasciculus Plan- casement, and the promise of one id 

tirum circa Harefield sponte nascen- more valuable, inauccd her to aAar 

tium, cum Api>endice ao Loci Histo- thM determination. She dreaaed her- 

riam spectante. Woodfall, 173?.*' self hastily, submitted to be hoodwink- 

\oun, &c. N.Y.W.6. ed; and placed herself, trembling, on 

^ a pillion behind her unknown guide. 

Mr. Uro.%11, Aug, 21. After travelling in a dead silence for 

THE Chapel ry of Littlecote is situ- about three hours, throiigh deep tod 

aie in the hundred of Ramsbury, watery lanes, a sudden halt annonnecd 

in the diocese of Sarum and archdea- the end of their journey. The good 

cnnry of Wilts. It is about two miles woman was now lifted from her horse; 

West by North from Hungerford, in , 

the county of Berks, and is a Cha- s Cwnden does not mention Litdeeota as 

pelry to the parish of Chilton Foliat*. «vor having been in tlie pouestkm of the 

Litllccoie is embedded in a deep Dareln, but only as b good seat of Sir Join 

' -^_— _ Popha«*8. Croogh, ia his Additionf Baa" 

' CmrHiflc's Topog, Dict.-'ficcl. Diicvl. tioai \X. 



T^mMwMi Ato^atU 0/ liiiUtoit^, fVilU. 



815 



dor aofdlT unlocked a door, 
\a tdll blindrokied into a 
3 through a «uile of afiart- 
tpacioufy and to iiumerouSy 
ncn her miod with a high 
: grandeur of the owner. At 
ompanioD stopped her, and 
jenily at a door, which was 
opened to admit them, and 
locked as soon as they had 
rbe covering was now taken 
cjesi when she found her- 
Uunly furnished chamber, in 
as another gendeman also 
nd a lady silting on a bed. 
ilcDce of some minutes, the 
I informed her in a low whis- 
le lady she saw was the per- 
bad need of her professional 
t and that when the child 
■be was to bring it to him in 
iiw closet, to which he re- 
£or was behind the tap 



ild, a female infant, was not 
, arcording to order, conyeyed 
ntleman, who now led her 
low passage to a small room, 
tvacd unconnected with the 
any other communication, 
lich was a prodigious pile of 
I in the cnimney, blazing 
It fury. She was now in- 
at the child must be thrown 
ire, first stopping its mouth 
[oth, which he presented to 
hat pur[J0se. The woman 
refused, but her companion 
er throat, drew a dagger, and 
> put her instantly to death, 
St consented. Gagging the 
e attempted to save it by suf- 
Tom pain yet more terrible ; 
was tne eagerness of the bar- 
nployer, that she was forced 
yet alive on the 6re, when 
gpve it strength to spring out 
or'. It was thrown m again, 
amed to ashes. When this 



deed was done, she was conducted to 
her house in the same manner as she 
had come from it, and the promised 
purse was thrown into her cottage itf- 
ter her. The tradition then goes od 
to relate the usual horrors upon the 
acqubition of guilty treasure, and con- 
cludes that she determined to expiate 
her crime by bringing the instigator to 
justice. In the hopes of discovering 
the house, she trarersed every part of 
the neighbourhood within the dis- 
tance she supposed she had been con- 
ducted, and contrived, under various 
pretences (but the tradition does not 
mform us what pretences they were) 
to examine most of the large mansions 
which fell in her way. At lensth, 
when she was on the point of reiin- 

Suishing her search, she found at Lii- 
ecote a chamber and closet, which 
she could scarcely doubt was the same 
in which the murder had been com- 
mitted ; but in her pocket she had a 
most positive doe. During the short 
attendance on the parturient lady, she 
had the presence ^ mind to cut out of 
one of the bed-curtains a small piece of 
doth, which upon comparing with a 
hole in the curtain of the room where 
she was, was found to iallif *, She related 
the whole to a Magistrate. Mr. Dor- 
rell* was apprehended and tried on 
her evidence, but ucquitied. It is 
said that he owed his escape to the elo- 
quence of Sir John Popham, and that 
in gratitude for such service he be- 
queathed him this estate*. 

Thus far tradition; but now for 
facts. It is certain that in the latter 
end of Elizabeth, the estate was in the 
possession of Sir John Popham $ as i 
shall subsequently show. 

This Sir John Popham was bom at 
Huntworth, co. Somerset, in 1531 ; 
was some time student at Balid Col- 
le^, Oxford, and was as stout and 
skilful a man at sword and buckler as 
any in tliat age, and wild enongh in 



aarks of burning, occasioned by the chiM'i Jmnphig oat of the firp, lire pre- 
!m exhibited in the floor of the closet. It is needless to remark on the impoi- 
hu story. 

BTtuns were of broad blue cloth, fringed with yellow, and are itlll shown, toge- 
be piece of cloth wluch the woman cut ont, now sewed in its place. 
iholB*s History of Leicestershire, vol. III. Fart ii. p. 0f 7 seq. is au accoott of one 
Darrell or Dorrell, famous about the time of toe above occarrence, for casting 
who was tried by a Special Commission, isaoed under the authority of the Arch- 
Ifork; which was afterwards removed into tlie High Commission Court; by 
ncfi be was degraded from the Ministry, and committed to close pritoa in York 
Whether this was one of the above family, I have aot been %\M to vtani. 
1^ Cbroalcle, vol, L pp. US, 237, 228» 



814 



Sir J. Papham. — Roman Pavement at LittUeoie^ {Sept 



his recreations^. He was made Ser- 
jeaut-at-Law about 1570; Solicitor 
General in 1579; Attorney General 
in 1581 1 and Treasurer of tlie Middle 
Temple. In 1592 he was promoted 
to the rank of Chief Justice of the 
King's Bench (not Common Pleas as 
has been asserted). In iGOO he was 
sent by the Queen with some others 
to the Earl of Ks^ex, to learn the cause 
of so many military men assembling at 
his house. He was detained by the 
soldiers therein, which was consider- 
ed as tantamount to an imprisonment. 
To this detention Sir Jonn deposed 
upon his oath at the Karl's trial^. 

Mr. Chamberlain, in his Letters to 
Sir Dudley Carleton^ in \(yO\, says, 
•*On the 1 3th of Aujajust, the Queen 
came to Windsor, and is expected 
shortly at Mr. Comptroller's '° at Caus- 
ham. And so the Progresses should 
hold on as far as Litllecot, a house of 
the Lord Chir/ Justice in Wiltshire. 
But there be so many endeavours to 
hinder it, that I will lay no great wa- 
ger of the proceeding*'. ' 

Sir John Popham was a very severe 
judge. He even counselled King 
James not to grant so many pardons 
to malefactors as he was used to do ; 
but his severity did great benefit to his 
country, even after his death ^^. He 
died in l6()7, aged 76, and was buried 
at Wellington, where he had erected 
a noble mansion. 

Littlecote, though of no great im- 
portance in the present day, nmst have 
l)ccn a place 01 some consequence in 
the time of the Romans ; for, by the 
following prticulars of a tesselatcd 
pavement found here, it appears to 
nave been possessed of a temple. 

In the park, in 1730, then in the 
possession of Kdward Popham, esq. 
was found by his steward Mr. Wm. 



George, two feet under gioonds 1 S^ 
man pavement 41 feet hy 9%, mi 
seemed to have farmed Ike Jioor rf • 
temple. It consisted of two parti, die 
templum and sacrariumj answeriDK ii 
the nave and chancel of oar charoci. 
The outer part, which wat nctdj 
square, had at bottom a border, oa 
the centre of which was a large two- 
handled cup, supported by two §» 
monsters with ^shes* tails, and brhiad 
them two dolphins. At the other end 
was also a border, with a similar cop 
supported by two tigers. The floor of 
the sacrarium was a square, ineloMDg 
a circle, and having semi-circlet of va- 
rious rich patterns at three of iu sidci. 
In the centre was Apollo playiiwoa 
his harp I and in four surrounaiiig 
com|)artments, four female figures re- 
presenting the four seasons, mouated 
on four beasts; the first, holding a 
(lower in her hand, and seated oa a 
deer, might represent Spring; the i^ 
cond, on a panther, and holding a 
swan. Summer ; the third, resting oa 
a branch, perhaps of a vine, rode 00 a 
bull. Autumn ; and the fourth, 00 a 
goat, held nothing in her hand, and 
represented Winter. The two fint 
figures were naked to the waist, the 
two last clothed. 

Such is Professor Ward's acooant 
of this curious pavement, one of the 
largest ever found in England, bat ia 
1733 unhappily destroyed. Mr.George, 
above mentioned, made an exact 
drawing of it in all its parts, in their 
proper colours, whence his widow af- 
terwards worked a beautiful carpet re- 
duced to the size of one inch to a foot 
of the original, and from whence it 
was engraved by Mr. Vertuc, at the 
expence of the Society of Antiqua- 
ries 's. 

Among some of the late eupenti- 



\ 



7 Fuller's VVurthies, vol. II. p. 984 ; and Chalmers's Biog. Diet. 

8 lb. on the authority of Camden's Elizabeth, anno 16*00. 

9 An eminent Statesman, bom near Watlington, Oxon, March 10, ISTS* knightad ia 
IGIO, created Viscount Dorchester by King Charles, on his arrival from his embawv lo 
Holland in liiiS ; died Feb. Id, 16*31-2, in his fifty-ninth year, and wat buried at WmI- 
mlnstcr Abbey. Having no heirs, the title became extinct. 

^^ Sir Wm. Knollys, knt. son of Sir Francis Knollys, K. B. who liad been Treasurer of 
the Household, was Comptroller- of the Hoosehold in 1 579. He was employed by the 
Queen in 1592, to negotiate between the King of Spain and the Low Conntriei. In 1901 
he was made Treasurer of the Household; and in 16*03 created Baron Knollya Inr King 
James, whose Queen he entertained at Causham on her way to Bath, 16IS. Ha was 
made Master of the Wards in 16'14, and about the same time elected K. G. Ha was nada 
Viffcount Wallinf:rfurd in 16'1G, Earl of Bunbury in 16*22, and died in 1631. 

'^ Nicho1:i'!( Cliz. Prog, new edit. vol. III. p.5G5. 

''f FuVer's Worthiei, vol U. p. 284. ^^ Gow^WaCiSDfktL, ^^l« ^ l(i8. 



Hemarki on County Courtu 



915 



ictpecting this place, are 
Dg: 

iisk of the evening, some of 
ry people have frequently 
[ie avenue leading to the 
Mch furiously drawn by six 
vhich were a gentleman and 
f dressed ; the latter having 
a child of angelic beauty, 
Ady and gentleman were 

est husbandman of Hunger- 
ed that he, with others in 
ly returning to Littlecote in 

evening, with a load of 
waggon ; the waggon stuck 
h in a deep road under the 
to fast, that they determin- 
lany useless efforts, to go to 

for more horses. Having 
spark, and winding towards 
, they beheld among the 
lite to the place where the 
It fixed, a cnild, surrounded 
Dt light, in the attitude of 

towards the road ; when, 
led waggon rose slowly over 

and gently lighted on the 
rf, on the inner side, from 
vhen the next morning's 
d encouraged them to ap- 
! spot, it was drawn home 
fficulty.H S.T. 

BAN, Aug.W. 

with pleasure the remarks 
ounty Courts by ** J. A." in- 
Fuly Mag. p. 39; the justice 
marks 1 believe few will be 
» question. Nor are the dif- 
rts of Requests (in the Me- 
d its neighbourhood at least) 
ing of animadversion. The 
iver which some of these 
'e jurisdiction are so cxtcn- 
>pulous, and so ^reat a num- 
let arise, that it is impossible 
Jourts to bestow that calm 
rate attention upon the cases 
tcit their decision, which 
to characterise the proceed- 
kmrt of Justice. 
Court of Requests for the 
if Ossulston, m the County 
lex, it appears that there 
) causes annually decided ; 
sits but two aays in the 
that the averapce number of 
:ided at each sitting is 1/0, 

lU Chnm, woL J. p» 825, 



and I beliere that the time employed 
in the hearing of these cases does not 
usually exceed two minutes. In this 
short space of time, ii is obviously be- 
yond the power of the Court to exa- 
mine into all the circumstances of the 
case, to hear the plaintiff's statement, 
the testimony of witnesses, and the re- 
ply of the defendant, and therefore the 
cases are decided merely upon the oath 
of the plaintiff. 

Nor are some others of the Metro- 
poll tan Courts of Requests able to de- 
vote any longer time to the considera- 
tion of the causes brought before them 
than the Ossulston Court. The Tower 
Hamlet Court of Requests has a very 
extensive jurisdiction. The City Court 
is in the same situation, and, like the 
Borough Court, takes cognizance of 
claims to the amount of 5/. Through 
the multiplicity of business the plain- 
tifPs oath it tne only means taken to 
arrive at the truth; if the defendant 
possessed evidence to shew that the 
demand was unjust or extravagant, the 
answer would most probably be, '' the 
plaintiff hat sworn it is a just debt— 
you must pay it;" and this too in a 
Court from whose decisions there it 
no appeal. 

Most of these evils might be reme- 
died by the establishment of a greater 
number of Courts of Requests; the 
Commissioners, or other persons hold- 
ing these Courts, would then have it 
in their power to examine fully into 
all the circumstances of the case, and 
to hear the defendant as well as the 
plaintiff. But though it appears that in 
most cases the defendant has most 
right to complain of injustice, yet un- 
doubtedly the plaintiff sometimes has 
to endure wrong ; it frequently happens 
that a party will not discharge a just 
debt, until the creditor has gone 
through the usual routine of summonses, 
orders, &c. and will then request, and 
generally obtain, a further time to pay 
the debt. The debt perhaps may be 
20i. and the Court may order it to be 
paid in instalments of sixpence per 
week, and this because they have not 
time to ascertain whether the defend- 
ant has it not in his power immedi- 
ately to discharge the debt, or to pay 
a much larger instalment. 

To the establishment of an addi- 
tional number of Courts of Requests, 
it is impossible to anticipate au^ y^^ 
r'xoiis or well-founded ob^ecvvow, \ti\\v^ 
Tower Hamlets, the C\iy» and \.V\« Bo- 



*ll« 



B^wmrkf oa Cbiiuly CMriil 



ISbpi 



!VM^l>« the Courts an held by Coi». md^m )iGi|)es tluMt in Aw neat aettiM 

uiij»te>tMi:i whi> r«citlT« iM> rcmunera^ an iDouiry will be directed lo be na4k 

iioii 'ui' ihieir tffoubi«; the Couru might into tne j)Ower, jurisdiction, ftc. ke. 

Ik hM n% d similar manner, and the of every Court of Requests in the Me- 

iicv*v»>«v «&p<tisi» would be com* tfopotis, and that from that enquiry 
pctiNAii«l by ihr im. In the Hundred *" . « . 

Qt CH^urtiui^ the i^'ourt is held by tlie 



Couikiv deck, wlio receivea ihe feee 
upx^ii like ;»roc«e«iiii^. To establish new 
Coui (»iu cbdH Huniiied, therefore, would 
diuiiiii^h ihc emoluments of his office; 
bui >iuv^ it CM1 never be urged that 
ibo picicnt im^>nveniencc and iojus- 



some measure will spring calculated to 
remedy the evils itow so generally 
complained of, and to prewnt tbetr 
recurrence. In the mean time, I trMt 
that public attention being drawn to 
the subject by yuur Miscellany, some 
of your Correspondents wilt apply their 
minds to the consideration or the sub- 



viiV siwuld be continued merely for Ject, and the devising of means to ren- 
thc etvMtluoient of an individual, if it der Courts of Requests more exten- 



bv cotie«tved that the County Clerk 
b«» A cUim to an income of 2000/. a 
}i«^» let him receive his stipend from 
i^o iVuuty Hates. If Courts of Re^ 
^e«t& wete established in every ward 
«t pMbh in the Metropolis, trie feet 
^oukl b^ suAcient to maintain them» 



sivclj useful, by rendering them more 
efficient. A Sarkistbr. 



P.S. As the nature, powers, &c. of 
Courts of Requests appear to be but 
ill understood by many, even of the 
better informed class of society^ thej 

. ,. . . , being generally considered as unwoiiilT 

w«iAMit mrtictmg any buftheo upon ^f serious notice, perhaps, Mr. Urban 

Ibit pubiic, bome of these parishes do ^^j^ld give insertion to a few letten* 

iwdosd require separate Owrte; wit. ^p^^ J},^;, nature, powers, &c. the 




ibo whabittiuu belonging generally to 
the upper or middling classes oi to^ 
ci«(yi who seldom suffer debts of a 
b>w jLU)Ount to become the subject of 
bti^>uiMft; it is in those districts of 
(ho Metropolis in which the labouring 
«iiJ ukiaufucturing parts of the com- 
utuuiiv reitiile, that Courts for the 
iv'^vwiy t*f ikinall debts arc chiefly re- 
^uto4tv- The |)arishes of Spitalfields 
\«ii,ii Ui larur aiul indigent manufac- 
(^MUA |H»pulaion; of Beth nail Green, 
>hMh tin -40.(HX) inhubitants; of Shore- 
J^kvS, vhiih .HMHKl; of St. Luke*s, with 
W^AV, iitfrkriiwell, &c. &c. would 
^^i\ 4(^^\l \uirKMeiit eiuploymeiit to a 



iiig them more efficient, &c. See. 



Mr. U RBA V, Lincoln, Jt^ 0. . 

YOUR Correspondent " J. E* 
seems to know but littU of- tlie 
nature of County Courts. The suue 
proof of the plamtifTs demand ii rt- 
qnircd in them, as in the King's i»> 
perior Courts, and I beg to asMiie 
your Correspondent that in neither 
one or the other will a man bepc^ 
mitted to make out his own caie Id 
the way suggested, and obtain a «a^ 
diet on his own testimony alone. 
The Jurisdiction of the Coniil| 



\v^it ^i \\\\\\wiXt\ but, iiotwiihstand- Court is in general confined topletf 
v^ kU.i« N|Mi<*liieUU, Sliored itch, and of debt or damages under the value ef 
l^^w^l \ov«Hi, must uU have recourse 40i. (except in cases of Replefiflt 



V v^^«^^ %»^ut. itkAx'iher with Whitecha- 
^. U«s'iuev, now, Hromli'V, Lime- 
%jc.*..s \;«A«U«rll. W'jppinp, Mile End, 
^«^^^«A IN^'Ui, llliukivall, &c. &c. 
K '■ f)w ]MH«hcii of St. Luke and 
\ 'V^A^^\ftvU <iie ineludrd in the ju- 



wherein no limit is prescribed) M 
the power of the Court may be gfCttif 
enlarged by the Writ of Justicci» 
whereby the Sheriff is enabled, forlbe 
sake of'^flispatch, to do the samej^ 
tice in his County Court as uiigbl 



• * . .m *M thr iK«uUtou Court of otherwise be had ai Westminster. 



)^,v..^Ms ih«* ^^Meiit 111' whose district 
w^^\ <^. o*<mo^'Iui\h1 tnuu tlie circum- 
«.4<^,v «M I \\iiKi eauH*» lieiog annually 

'•iv .uie^iiu^u of the House of Com- 
^y^^v^k '\%Mitii been lately several times 
,«A K%M «.« (hu luhieei. &' entertain very 



Your Correspondent is erroneous !• 
every pro|)05iiion he has advanced €ii 
this subject. No Plaintiff is entictf 
to recover in the County Court, wifcf 
his original demand be under 40i. H^ 

* Such IsKers would b«wcapiaMe. Edit* 

cann*"* 



mmaql aiainlna two aeliont fbr the and Itfif. hs oumot ereo im^mlfy re- 
mmm dtbCt and ihcre tie attthorities to duct it so as to bring hia caM withtw 
Aav that if hit daoMUMl exocad dgt. the jurUdiotioii of the Court F.B. 

COMPENDIUM OF COUNTY HISTORY. 

STAFFORDSHIRE. 

( Continued from p. 1080 

** O mj beloTed nymph ! bit Dove, 
Princess of rivers ! how I love 

Upon thj flowery besks to lie 
And view tov silver stream 
When ijilded hj n Sanme/s beem. 

And m nil tnat vmiton firjy 

Playing at liberty 
And with mv aogU epnn theai* 

Ihealloftrea^iffy, 
I never learned to pcM^iaey or to try.** Cottov. 

MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS. 

This CouvTT has alwavs been noted for the longerity of its Inhabitants : 

loaie of the moat remarkable are given nnder the heads of the places in which 

iky occur. — ^The original Calendar of the Norwegians and Danes, still o5/iBtfif 

ii fliis county, under the appellation of '*Staflbrdshire Clogg.** For a ptrtica- 

hr description of these Cloggs, see Gentleman's Magazine for 18 12, partii. 

p. 109, where there is an engraving of one. 
At Abbot's Bromlet a remarkable custom, called the Hobby-horse dance, 

(listed, as well as at Stafford and Leighford. — In ths parlour window of the 
Manor-house, called Hall-hill, Mary Queen of Scots* passage through this place 
aicoorded. 

At Adbastov, died Nov. 28, 1714, Wm. Wakeley, of Outlands, aged 125 
}ttn. 

At Alrewas, on the 4th of Jan. l()75, at night, a terrible earthquake was felt. 

At AsTONFiELp, Cotton the Poet and Izaak Waltor delighted to ramble. 
Rctrit Cotton built a small fishing house, dedicated to anglers ^ a particular ac- 
count of which is inserted in part 1. p. 603. 

In Ashley Church are monuments to the memory of some of the Lords 
Gerrards. 

In Audlet Church are monuments to Edward Vernon, l622, and Sir Tho- 
■st de Audley. 

Barr-beacov is supposed to have derived its name from Barrah^ to eat sacri- 
Cee, or to purify, and to have been the spot whence the Druidical priests gave 
Mice of their sacrifices at Droidheath. 

Bbaudbsbrt Park in 1815 was honoured by a visit of his present Majesty, 
kDuke of Clarence, and the Archdukes John and Lewis. 

From Bbrtlet, Charles IL was conducted on horseback by Jane Lane, the 
ttosorable daughter of Thos. Lane, esq. beyond Bristol, as her valet, in which 
^logerous service she carried herself with great address and fortitude. At the 
lestoration, the Parliament allowed her 1000/. for this service. 

BiDDULPH presents some curious remains of antiquity. The bride stones 
norist of eight upright free stones, two of which stand within a semicircle, 
fenned by the other six. The outside stones are six feet from each other. Near 
km is tne pavement of an artificial cave, composed of fragments of stone, about 
^ inches and a half thick : two large unhewn free stones, about 18 feet long, 
kid six high, form the sides of this cave. 

BiLBTOR is remarkable for the imposture of Wm. Perrv, a boy 13 years of 
^ who practised numerous cheats ; among others he made inky water, either 
aooi a habit of idleness or to serve the purpose of the popish exorcists, till Bi- 
Ihop Morton made him confess the cheat. 

At Blorb Heath a wooden cross was erected to commcmoTate \V\e %\ffic 
^*here Lord AudJeyr fell, which being thrown down, the Lord o^ xVveM^t^m, 
ffMjrr, Mao. September, int$, CW\\t» 



918 Compen^m of Omniff H'uiory.—SlafforMire. pl^ 

Charles Boothby Skrymsher, esq. in 1765, ordered a stone pedestal to be phesd 
there with the cross upon it. — ^The Church contains numerous memoriils of tbe 
illustrious family of tne Bassetts, some of which are very beaattfuJ, butSR^ 
however, rapidly approaching to ruin. 

At BLYTHBRiDGBwas the house of the learned Antiquary, Sir Siuov Dbogi, 
in which he resided at the end of a long life, and there died, lased 92. 

In BoscoBEL Wood was the large oak in which Charles if. and his ikitb- 
ful Pendrcll sheltered themselves among the leaves and branches for four and 
twenty hours. 

At Ureewood Kine John once kept his Court. — At the Free Grammar Sdraol 
was educaied Bishop Hurd, Sir £dw. Littleton, Dr. J. Smith, &c. 

At Bromley died in 10.^7, at an advanced age, Leofric 5th Earl of Merdi, 
the husband of the famous Godiva. 

BuRSTON Cha)>cl was erected in memor\' of Rufin, second son of Wulfere, 
Kinj^ of Mercia, who was slain here by his father in consequence of his cob- 
version to Christianity. 

At Burton, in 1265, the^catest part of the town was consumed byaDS^ 
cidental fire. — It is recorded in the register, that on the 15th and l6th of No- 
vember, 1574, the aurora borealis was seen. — In 1793 a night watch first esit- 
blished here. — In the years 177i» 1*7 92> 1795, and 1798, inundated by the Trent. 

In Bushbdry Church is the tomb of Thomas Whitgreave, esq. remarkable 
for l)is faithful protection of Charles II. 

AtBuKY Bank, Darlaston, are the ruins of an ancient fortress: its aretii 
supposed to have been a sort of prstorium, and to have been the residence of 
Wulfere from Qbd to 675, hence its old name Ulfercester. 

The Curacy of Cannock was the first preferment of the famous Dr. Sft- 
cheverell. 

The site of Can well Priory is now occupied by stables.— The Well called 
Modswell's Well, near the Priory, is famous tor the cure of weakness and din 
eases ; hence the name Canwell, from Cariy signifyine; efficacy. 

In Caverswall Church is a monument to the builder of the Castle, with 
a Latin inscription, under which was written, many years after, some punoiDg 
lines. 

Chartley is remarkable for having been for some time the prison of the 
unfortunate Mary Queen of Scots ; and here was a bed wrought by her duriac 
lier confinement. Here it is said she carried on and contrived her correspond- 
ence with the Pope. 

On the site of Clbnt Chapel was buried St. Kenelm, who was murdered ia 
a field close by : 

"In Clent in Cowbach, under a thorn, 
Lieth King Kenelme, with hit head off shorn." 

On the wall of the Chapel is sculptured the figure of a child with a crown 
over its head, and above the door is a figure of a man much mutilated, both 
conferring benediction. 

In Clifton Church lies the body of its founder and his wife; also aefcnl 
monuments to the family of Vernon. 

In the beautiful Church of Codsall is a noble monument in honour of 
Walter Wrottesley. 

In CoLWicH Church are monuments of the families of Anson and Wolseley. 
The burying-place of the Ansons is in the form of an E^ptian catacomb. 

In Croxden Abbey the heart of King John was buriea, as were most of the 
descendants of Bertram de Verdon, the founder. 

At Drayton was the curious old house (now given way for a modern one) 
in which the powerful and accomplished Earls of Essex often resided. 

In the Church of Dudley Priory were many fair monuments of the Someryi 
and Suttons, and cspecinlly one very old ; the figure measured eight feet, sup- 
posed to have been one of tnc Somerys. 

Eccleshall Church is remarkable as having been the place where Bishop 

Haisc concealed Queen Margaret after she fled from Muccleston : it containt 

some monuments of the Bosvile family, whose ancient seat Byam, situated to 

tbe North-east of the palace, was afterwards converted into a farm-house. 

At Ediall, near Lichfield, Dr. SiMxm. Johhsov^ **\»w^«^%\A^aMAt 



N8;] Campeikimn i^ Coumin Hutory.SiaJordihire. 919 

le La&in and Greek Lauffaages," to " yoang gentlemen ;" and there the cele- 
ralcd David Garrick, ana his brother Geotge, oecame his pupils. 

In £oi>ciHAi«L Parsonage resided the learned antiquary Tpeophilus Bucke- 
dge, until he removed to the Mastership of Si. John^s Hospital, Lichfield. 

In Elford Church are some splendid monuments to the Ardernes, Stan- 
ms, Stanleys, and Smiths. 

The whole of the delightful scenery at Cnville, the seat of the Earl of Stam- 
iid, was designed by the poet Shenstomib. 

At Fauld died, April 5, l646, VVm. Burton, the Historian of Leicestershire. 

Fbthbrston was the residence of John Huntbach, the nephew of Sir 
Vm. Dugdale, and whose knowledge of the antiquities of this county was very 
ztensive. 

Ford Houses, Wyaston, was once the property of Erasmus Darwin^ M.D. 
be Poet and Philosopher. 

In Hamstal Ridwarb Manor-house is preserved a curious old iron caoe, 
D which the heads of scolding women were placed to enforce silence, called a 
Bnmk. See " Fosbroke's Encyclo|)edia of Antiquities,'* p. 237* 

At Hahbdry, in 1777, a smart shock of an earthquake was felt. 

Near Hardsacrb Sir Wm. Handsacre was killed by Sir Robt. Mavesyn and 
hiipany, who afterwards lost his life with the gallant Percy, 1403. 

.James Sands, of Harborne, died Dec. 6, 1588, aged 140, liaving outlived 
fife leases of a farm of 2 1 years each ; his wife lived to 1 20 years of age. 

Harborough was the place where the poet Shcnstone passed his early years, 
and it is celebrated in his poems. 

Ilak is noted for the tomb, well, and ash, of St. Bertram, who is said to 
hire performed many stupendous miracles here ; the ash was much venerated 

Sthe common people, who considered it dangerous to break a bough of it. 
is saint, ash, well, or tomb, is now little thought of. — ^In a grotto nere the 
celebrated Congreve wrote his first and best comedy of the " Old Bachelor." 
AtKiHGSTON was buried that learned antiquary and civilian. Sir Simon Degge* 
: At Lanb-bkd died, in 1769, aged 107, Lydia Barber, and in 1774, aged 124, 
Bsamond Cook. 
The learned Thomas I^xdale was Vicar of Leek about 1730. 
LicHPiKLO was honoured with the particular notice of Charles I.— A great 
pbgue raged here in \!yiyA, which carried off above 1 100 inhabitants.— -Here was 




wai a famous willow, the delight of Johnson's " early and wanine life" (1 use his 
oirn words), and even still more so of Miss Sewaru s; it was tlie ornament of 
Slowe valley — the subject of every writer — the gratification of every naturalist — 
ndthe admiration of every traveller. Dr. Johnson never visited this city but he 
miceeded to his favourite willow ; a description of which, drawn up by Dr. 
Tones, at the desire of Dr. Johnson, is in the Gent. Mag. for 1783. — In the 
7RAMMAR-SCH00L was educated the elegant Addison ; Elias Ashmole, the 
Lntiquaryi Hawkins Browne, the Poet; the Rev. Tlieophilus Buckeridge; 
Utid Garrick, the inimitable actor; Dr. James, the inventor of the Fever 
^owdert Dr. .Ioiinson ; Gregory King, the heraldic writer; Sir Rich. Lloyd, 
Ufon of the Exchequer; Bp. Nbwton ; Mr. Justice Noel ; Lord Chief Ba- 
rn Parker; Bp. Smalridgb; Lord Chief Justice Willes; and Lord Chief 
DStice Wilmot. 

At LoNGDON died Mr. May, aged 108, and a woman aged IO9. 
In Madbly Church are several monuments to the nicmor)' of the Egertons, 
terwnrds Enrls of Wilton, and of the Ofileys, great benefactors to this |)arish. 
At Maer died, in Hkj3, aged 138, Mr. Richard Wilson. — The cloth for the 
ommunion-tahle in the Church is an old Turkey carpel, the gift of Margaret 
ether to this Church in l63(), and brought by her from Constantinople. 
In Mavbsin Ridware Church are sc\'eral monuments in honour of the 
[avesyns, some of which have been opened at diflcrcnt |)eriods. The altar- 
mb of Sir Robert Mavesvn, who slew Sir Wm. Handsacre, is very handsome. 
Upon the lofty tower of Mucclbston Church the sp'mlcd W\. VLtk^^\V\x\k^v^ 
mrgMrei ofAnjoa beheld the bittlc at Blorb-heath, so ta\a\ Vo W c».^sa« 



In NBt0Wor>D Fortst m an old oak, ealled tho Avifevr Od^ ed«btiMi bf 
poets and botanists as iht monarch of the rest of the oak trees in the fijieiL 

At NsWCAiTLi^ Plot saw a solid block of stone which exhibited the pettiM 
skull of a human being, probably of some malefactor who had been execiitd ■ 
here ( the spot where it was found being still called galiowt tree, in memory of 
its ancient appropriation. 

At NoRTON-LB-MooR9, in the possession of the Rev. Dr. Turner, is the ori- 
ginal death-warrant of Charles I. with alt the signatures of his judges. 

At the seat of the Stanleys, at Okbly, Edward IV. was a frenoent visitor for 
the amusement of Huntins; and where the Earl of Richmond slept on his wiy 
from Lichfield to Booworih field. 

At Okbover Hall is the celebrated painting of the Holy Family, by UrbinOi 
valued at 1500 guineas. 

Henry Gough, esq. nephew of Sir Rich. Gough, kt. of Pbrry Barr, was 
father of Richard Got^gh, cs<^" the second Camden.'* 

The original endowment of Rollestok Free Grammar-school, written la 
black-letter, and illuminated, is preserved in a small wooden cabinet indio 
school-room. 

In RusHALL Church are buried seveml of the family of Leigh, one of whom 
the author of ** Critica Sacra," who died in 1671, is buried in the chanciel. 

SakdOit was the birth-place, residence, and burial-place of the learned an- 
tiquary and genealogist, Sampsok Erpeswick, who died in ]6l3. — ^In the 
Chuitrh is the monument to his memory. The inscription is long and aingolar. 
There is also a tomb in honour of Geo. Digby, who in resentment of theitt'- 
sult offered to James L by Scioppus a German, attacked the oficnder in tko 
streets of Madrid in l6l4, and nearlv murdered him. 

At Stafford was a mint establisned temp. Wm. I. — ^The aneient euaton of 
Borough English still prevails here.— In St. Mary*s Church arc some antieiit 
monuments to the Astons of Tixall, and one to Lady Barbara Com|>ton.^»Hefe' 
St. Bertilline, Scholar of St. Guthlac, led an heremetical life. 

In the room at St A HTOR, in which Archrishop Shbldom drew hia fint 
breath, are the following Iambics, written by Bishop Hacket : 

" Sheldonus ille Pnraulum primus pater 
Hos inter ortus aspicit lucem Laires ; 
O ter beatain StantonU villee casam, 
Cui cnncta possunt invidert marmora." 

At Stohall is the shire oak tree, once celebrptcd by Swift. 

Stonb Nunnery was erected in memory of Wulfad, who was slain here by 
his father Wulfere, for embracing Christianity. — In the Church-yard is a spa- 
cious cemetery of the Jervis family, Earls of St. Vincent. 

In Bishop Stoniwell's Cha|)elare monuments of the Arblnsters and Ormca. 
On the floor is an ancient stone to Bishop Stoniwell, the founder, dated 1553. 

Stowb Church was once remarkable tor numenms monuments to the family 
of Devereux, only one of which, the tomb of Walter, Ist Vise. Hereford, who 
died in 1 .')58, yet remains. 

At Tamworth died, in 920, Ethclfleda, daughter of Alfred. — In the hall of 
the Castle was formerly an old rude delineation upon the wall, of the last bat- 
tle of Launcelot of the Lake, a Knight of Arthur's round table, and Sir Tor« 
quin. In it was also a richly sculptured chimney-piece. This castle is snr* 
rounded by rich and luxuriant meadows, through which the Tame and Ankor 
flow. Drayton has beautifully described the scenery. 

In Thor'8 Cavbrn, accorcling to tradition, the Druids performed their san- 
guinary rites, and sacrificed human victims, enclosed in wicker virork, on the 
altar of their idol Thor. 

At TzxALL, the seat of Sir T. H. Clifford, hart is the marriage of Prince 
Arthur in tapestry 1 mentioned by Walpole. — ^The Heath was the acme of a. 
roost cruel assassmation, marking the vindictive character of the feudal times 1 
it is related in Har wood's " Erdeswick's Staffordshire,'* p. 60, note. 

At ToTMANSLOW lived a Shepherd who was ISO years old vrhen exami t i e d 
by Dr. Morton. He accounted for his loneevi^ to his ne\'er having taken to* 
bacco or physic, nor drank between meals, alleviating his thirst by rolling p^. 
b/^ in hit mouth, Sx. 



SiaJMlihkt.'^incrmiH of Madhnum. flCt 

EflmiAit iQ 1805 hts present Majesty visited the Marquis of Stafiord. 
rrr Castle was Tisitea by King James in more than one of his progrctm 
:his county. In it was confined Mary Qaeen of Scots, from Oct. 1618 
1569; she was again removed here in March, 1586 1 and here received 
■als of the intriguing Daice of Norfolk, as the only means of obtaining 

CBTBR is fMirticubrly noted for the longevity of its inhabitants. Sir 
kttge mentions about a doxen instances in this town about his time. 
dMu two women, one aeed 103 and the other 126. 
ai«L, in 1690, a gold Otno was dug up; and numerous pieces of anti- 
sides Roman coins. — Near this place a Roman military barricade, com* 
entire oak trees, standing on encl close to each other, was discovered. 
AL8ALI. a very remarkable custom siill prevails. On the eve of Epi- 
i sift of one penn^ is regularly distributed to every person resident in 
^k^ and neight>ouring villages. The origin is uncertain. Some say a 
f the name of Moseley hearing a child ciy for bread on that day, was 
id that he vowed the like should never occur again, and so left his ma- 
saeot as means to prevent it. — The manor was once the property of the 
Warwick, the " Kmg Maker,*' and the Duke of Northumberland, who 
Head in attempting to establish Lady Jane Grey on the throne. — Here 
seat of Henry Stone, esq. a zealous parliamentarian.— -In the Free 
ras educated Bishop Houoh, and the first Lord Sombks. 
'SDH KB BURT Church are monuments to the Dudley and Harcourt 

HicHifOR a flitdi of bacon was hung up every year, in a manner similar 
nstom at Litde Donmow in Essex. 

s Whitb Ladiss Gharies IL was concealed after the battle of Worcester. 
rMORB was the Curacy of the celebrated John Ball, called the *' Pres- 
's Champion," from Hi 10 till his death, Oct. 20, 1639. 
^OLVER HAMPTON CoUesdate Church is a statue of brass to Admiral 
eveann, who served under Sir F. Drake against the Spanith Armada ; 
]ol. John Lamb of Beotley, who concealed Charies 11. after the battle 
!ester. — In the Free School was educated Sir Wm. Cohorbve, the ce« 
engineer, and many other living worthies. 

iVotton under Wee\-er, — Where God came never," was the seat of the 
orts, which is remarkable for having afforded an asylum to the cele- 
'. J. Rousseau. 

utLBT was found the brass head of a Roman Venabulum^ or hunting 

^ S. T. 

Jrbav, Aug. 16. happiness I represented to myself as 

OUGH the meduim of your always prevailing in its vicinity — but 

idely-circulated publication, I the scene appeared changed — in all 

draw the attention of |)ersi)ns directions I observed numbers of new- 

and humanity, to a subject of built edifices, all strongly grated and 

nportance^ and, in the present barred, which I imagined to be pri- 

society, one that must be inte- sons, and lamented that my native 

to all. Having lately returned county must have lost its wonted cha- 

land, after being absent from racter for honesty: but on farther en- 

ss for more than twenty years, quiry, I learnt that they were not pri- 

. extraordinar)' that I find many sons, but receptacles for Lunatics ; tnat 

, wherever I go ; but none that they had of late greatly encreased, that 

!s me so much, as the necessity the large edifice, which I recollected 

sts for shutting up from society being built by subscription (though it 

imbcrs of individuals, who for- was always considerecl much money 

enjoyed the liberty so much had been lavishly expended on a bnild- 

of oy all free-born English- it^, far too large and expensive, for 

I had not been landed many what was* required) was also always 

rben I eagerlv repaired to my full, besides another very large one, 

town; I ramolcd every where for a similar purpose 1 and iVwaX i^ei^ 

; tt> the extent of two or thrtc were many other houses, m vreW a* 

7 the haunts of my fouth, ex- private loadings. bI\ apv^^^'^^^ ^ 

9 gnd the same hilarity and the same sad occupauon» auS vVuA \!^t^ 



Ml Madhomm'j'-'^Spimiih Cautti — 7%« Shut Trade. [S^rt 

were rapidly encreasiDg there, and in subscriptions for it are ckned in thu 

other townSy in different parts of the country, the war will be at an end. 

kimlom. Why subscribe for a set of people thm 

l^rbaps some of your readers may have in the present instance shewn d« 
be able to point out the cause of this patriotism, no pluck, and are divided 
distressing fact. Is it to be attributed among themselves, and a large portion 
to the encreased luxury that prevails ? in favour of the old order of things? 
to the encreased consumption of spi- The Cortes and the Leaders art 
rituous and intoxicating liquors ? Is equally unworthy of liberty. Where 
it to some defect in the mode of treat* bigotry has so much dominion as in 
ment, which fails of producing the Spain, the progress of liber^^ must be 
cure, that medicine so frequently effects slowi but still it is gradual and cei^ 
in bodily complaints? — or is it (as my tain of attaining its end. 
informant insinuated, and he seemed The Slave Trade,— I sincerely wisb 
well acquainted with the interior of it may be effectually abolished i bvt 
these houses,) to the profit derived by let me ask, is there sound policy ec 
the rough and ignorant persons, to common justice in the means recently 
whom the unhappY inmates are trusted adopted? Have not the consequences 
entirely, for at least twenty out of been attended with tumult And blood- 
eveiy twenty- four hours? Nfay not shed? Ought it not to bedulycooH 
the mind, when deranged by some dered, that the sole |[iroperty of some 
irritating circumstance, be of too deli- thousands of English is situated in the 
cate a texture to be capable of cndur- islands ? Ar^ these our countrymen 
ingtheungentle attacks of these a^nts, to be overlooked, and our sable br^ 
whose interest so strongly inspires a thren alone to be considered? Hid 
wish to retain them in their power the outrageous declaimers in favour of 
niuch longer than necessary ? I was the negroes their only property situated 
at the same time assured, that the in the West Indies, I much doubt if 
eagerness to obtain a fresh patient is so they would have been equally streno- 
great, that as much jealousy and ill- ous or violent in their efiorts. But if 
will prevails among the fraternity of their zeal is so abundant, why not 
applicants, as among the candidates for open subscriptions to purchase Wot 
a lucrative sinecure in any of the de- Indian property (which is to be cot 
partments of the state, and that the in- dog-cheap in these days), and tm 
fluencc of this feeling, as well as the give the world an example of self-d^ 
profit derived, is -branched out in so votion and humanity! Do not inn- 
many directions, and all the ramifica- gine that I have any interest, further 
tions from them extended so widely, than a general one, in this question, 
in a place of no trade, where employ- Neither I nor any of my connections 
mcnt is eagerly sought for — that it have a shilling in that country, or pro- 
would be a vain attempt to endeavour bably ever shall have. But I know 
to call the attention of the inhabitants that the sufferings of the slaves afs 
to the evil before them. much exaggerated, and that more aD- 

If this mode of doing it should be tual misery is daily experienced by tbQ 

more successful, I shall, in a few general mass of i>easantry in Irelan^U 

months, again quit my native land and occasionally in this country ; an^ 

(perhaps forever) with the comfortable though instances of cruelty in planted 

reflection of having contributed my may oe produced, still this is not the*' 

mite towards the welfare of numbers habits; their interests and person^ 

of worthy, though now wretched safety forbid it: but what countiy *' 

beings. T. T. without crime ? and in the land whe^^ 

A slavery does not exist, is no cruelty « 

. c oppression to be found ? Let the ne 

Mr. Urban, ^wg. 26. petrators be brought to trial, and pi 

PERMIT an old Correspondent to nished according^. Let those wh^" 

revert to, and give an opinion up- traffic in human flesh, when caugb ^ 

on, some of the subjects oi the day : be severely punished, hanged if " 

they are, I trust, given with good tem- please. In time slavery must < 

per and humility, and not so as to ex- nut in common justice, forbear 

cite controversy or acrimony, but as a givins false hoi)es to the blacks 

matter of calm discussion and conside- whicn must be productive of mui 

ration. and the total ruin of the Coloniea. 



The Spanish Cause. — Before the Tithes.—To these thcClcfgyare 

8trictf5 



i fully entitled as any land- medv for the " present defectiTe state 

' his freehold. In general, of ralmody in our parish churches i** 

r do not by any means exact and I sincerely hope that his observi^ 

I and if these were scrupu- tions may meet with the attention 

sted upon, the farmers would which they deserve. Well may he 

cmana infinitely more oner- call it ''defective!*' It is indeed a 

rould be desirable, however, lamentable fact, that this most delights 

i project was set on foot to ful and (I think I may add) most 

e Tithes, upon the principle exalting branch of onr Church Service 

md Tax, which I remember is now, in many instances, reduced to 

en suggested in some of your a mere interlude to amuse the conar^ 

umbers. It is for the bene- gation while the Minister is changing 

parties that a Pastor should his dress ; or to give a few perMHis^ 

I with his Parishioners, and self-elected for the purpose, an oppor- 

aiuses for dispute should not tunity of displaying how little Uiey 

SzcA. understand either of music or religion. 

^ Surely this is not to " make melody in 

:BAV, Seaham, Aug, SO. the heart ;" this will not surely be 

T the year ISIQ, two young called to '*sing with the spirit and the 

andertook to explore a sort understanding also !'* 

g or crevice in the rocks on " I cannot but shake my head,V 

i tide of Seaham Dene, Dur- sa]fs one who well knows the value of 

ere, after clearing away the this service,*—" 1 cannot but shake my 

le extent of fifteen feet, they head, when I hear an officer of the 

I a considerable quantity of Church calling upon the people 'to 

Tcral human, consisting of sing to the praise and gloiy otGod;' 

h teeth entire, and the rest immediately naif a doxen merry men, 

ad quadrupeds. Also among in a high place, shall take up the mat- 

irown out, were found many ter, and most loudly chant it away to 

lells, such as cockles, mus- the praise and glory of themselves, 

limpeu. The tune perhaps shall be too difficult 

he circumstance of shells be- for the greater part of the congrega- 

in the same recess with the tion, who have no leisure to study 
im lead to conclude that they crotchets and quavers i and so the 
i been de|)Osited there at the most delightful of all public worship 
he Deluge. What corrobo- shall be wrested- from them, and the 
conjecture is, that the open- praises of God taken out of their 
ink being at the bottom of mouths. It is no matter (he con- 
and near the ground, shells, eludes^ whence this custom arose j in 
c. King loose there, mi||;ht itself it is neither holy, decent, nor 
be d'riven in by the agitation useful, and therefore ought to be bil- 
kers, nished entirely from the Churches ot* 
was, likewise, among the God." 

tag or deer's horn, of a pale I should myself be much inclined 

lour, about eight inches and to doubt the possibility of introducing 

circumference at the base, the regular chant into onr pariah 

usual hollow, consisting of churches (except perhaps in the iro* 

ri, one broken, and the other mediate neighbourhood of the Metro- 

ated all o\'er, as if by the polis, where these things can be better 

of time. The circumference attended to), but I perfectly agree with 

rr broken one isi six inches Modulator, that some alteration is 

The rock is twenty feet necessary, 

lore, and ranges along for a A great desideratum in this depart- 

3le way, forming one side of ment of the service, in my opinion, is 

dell, or dene. R. W. a regular and established set of hymns 

^ ■ or |»alms, to be used throughout the 

IBAK, AufT, 23. kinj^om. It will be urgM» I am 

>t without considerable plea- aware, that this is already extant in the 

lat I find your Correspondent Old and New Versions of the Psalms 

TOR (Part i. p. 397) has been of David; but these have of late, in 

nng to impress on the minds (owns particularly, CaWen aVmoaX \tk\o 

ifiiS the necessity of some re* disuse, and every pat\%Vi eiWoicVi Y^a 1 



SM 



piaimod f^ ^ignalu^DeeruH i/JEBrwiAw. 



V^ 



tet eompikd or composed (br its owo 
eiLclusive use. The consec^iMDce of 
this it» that a stranger, even if he have 
his own prayer book with him, is ea» 
iirely excluoed from joining in the 

S raises of the Chorch. It cannot be 
enied that these hymns are generally 
(except where, as I nave heard is some- 
times the case, the Clerk favours Uiem 
with "a hymn of his own composing") 
more adapted for the purpose, than the 
Tcrsions of the Psalms i not only be- 
cause more exactly composed from the 
writings of the New Dispensation, but 
also because, being shorter, there is do 
nccessitjr to sing only the *' first four 
irerset,*' and break off, as is frequently 
the case, in the middle of one of the 
Fnlmist^s sweetest prayers. It is, 
therefore, I think you will allow, 
much to be desired tnat those within 
whose province falls the regulation of 
these matters, would provide some 
established form, different from that 
now nominally (and nominally only) in 
use, to be uniformly observed through* 
oat the kingdom. 

But I have already trespassed too 
much upon your time, and I am, I 
hope, fully aware of the imperfections 
of the above observations ; but should 
their de6ciencies induce some more 
able champion to stand forth and de- 
iaxd, from the indiscriminate innova- 
tions of modern taste, the forms of 
oar venerable Establishment, I shoukl 
not have offered them in vain. 

Yours, &C. HlEROPHILUS. 

Mr. Ubbaw, Aug. 10. 

IN your Magazine for Dec. 1821, 
Ip. 6G0, 1 find an account of a code 
of sisnals submitted to the Lords of 
the Admiraltr by Lieut. Burton, for 
the use of different nations. The ac* 
count sutes it is by numeral Jiagt, and 
that seldom more than ikree are used, 
or scarcely ever more than four, and 
with them 999 nnmbers may be made, 
and by the addition of a sulMtitute flag 
9999 can be produced. I am not a 
naval man, but have oflen turned my 
thoughts to the use of Signals ; I am 
anabie to find how the above numbers 
can be made with four flags only; 
perhaps some of your readers could oe 
good enough to inform me how Lieut. 
Burton's code is oracticable. 

The numeral flags of course answer 

to the figures 1 , 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, 

and the greatest number to be made 

with four Hsigs only, can be but 987ii, 

Mad without a substitute being used. 



all numbers in which the wuofi %ws 
occurs twice or moKpmiiit be left oiL 
as they are in Capt. IjAanyitt'tCnlsii 
Merchanu' Signals. I nave tried lis 
numbers (via. 1, 8» S» 4« 6») bj po^ 
muution, and using only foor or ncn 
at the same tim^ 1 find 20b ehs9|e 
may be made j with four figores (ra, 
1 J 2» 3, 4,) sixty-four changes 01^. 

A CoffSVAlIT RsABBe^ 

■■an mi Sea. 



Mr. Urbav, 



ifi^. la 








lu ^ uijr JL^ uniDcij p. 10, 
Swallows and Martins 
fewer of late years than ibiiMi^ in- 
duces me to send yon the fuliuiii^ 
curious facts for insertun in yonr M^ 
gazine, which may prore inl — """^ 
to many of your omitnolo^cil . 

^ All the four species of Bntkh 
dines have heexx deereaiing in 
bers ever since the year 1900, 
year their decrease waa prad^ 
some places, ao as to ezciie the 

tion of the most indifimnt oiiMi 

nature. The Chimney Swallow, U- 
rundo rustica, or ckUtdom jfnmmi of 
the new arrangement*, hat been par- 
ticularly deficient in numbetB, moR so 
than any other species, and this not 
only in England, but ncvlj all over 
the Continent, as I ascertained dnravc 
an extensive tour which I made to the 
Southern parts of Europe last year. In 
France, Switzerland, and (jcrmany, 
this species, as well as the Martk^ 
hirundo urbica, were particnlarljscafce. 
A few Swallows flying over the Bhinv 
at Basle, on the 4th of Augnrt, iee3» 
attracted my attention, not haFinc sm 
them in any number before aE the 
summer. Boih the above ipeeSei aiw 
rived lateand in small namben thk as 
well as last year, and there can be littk 
doubt but that the obserratioa of Mi; 
White of Selborne is tme^ that these 
birds in certain blowing and otherwise 
unfavourable seasons, ondefigD gnat 
devastation during their aoial voyages. 

The scarcity of Martins aboot Lpn^ 
don has been by some persons attri- 
buted to the quantity of gaa li^ts, 
which may have, by their peatimos 
fumes, driven the swarm otflyinK in- 
sects, the food of Hirandines/am 
from the neighbourhood of the cum* 

. T 5?^.^^ Sywyiesl Crt ala|; ws efBiS- 
ien% \ o\nma, ^. Vk9 • 



IWSJ Journal of a Midihipman in thi MediUnanean. 1225 

111 s Imt m I have ihewn the scarcity old Roman road, there are the remains 
<if Swallows to exist almost every^- of some antiertt warm baths, the spring 
where, the former of the two modes of of which is naturally warm ; one only 
cxpbnation seem most probable, and remains with water m it ; and I bath- 
it IS likely that these prolific birds re- ed : it is a running stream, and is at 
ceive annually great checks to their ways clean. In one of the old baths 
liecnndity, from adverse winds and we saw three large snakes, which loae 
other atmospherical causes of untimely up on making our appearance in these 
destruction. T. Forster.' ruins ; we of course attacked them, 

^ and made them retreat without much 

JonMTAL OP A Midshipman. '~"^'« • '"■^'"B .'?;f=,''*^ **"? <■«>' • 

snort time, we killed one as he was 

(Continued from Pari i. p. 421.; coming from his hiding-place. 

WE sailed from Naples Bay on the The ship was quite a rarity in this 

11th of April. I did not so place, and was crowded so much, that 

oat on the mountain as I intended ; sentries were placed on each gangway 

for the last three or four days it blew to prevent people from coming on 

so bud that no boat could leave the board. There is not such a thing as a 

•hip, and the mountain was covered large ship belonging to them. The 

vito clouds, so as scarcely to be per- people were surprised, on coming on 

"C^tible from the ship. We have been board, at the cleanliness, the order, 

creiiiDg off and on tllba and adjacent and comfort of the ship, 
idinds. We sailed from Civita Vecchia, and 

May 2f>. Fell in with the Admiral's anchored off St. Stephano, on the 

[ ihip, which made signal for us to fol- l()th; it is a small vilLiae in the 

r -bir, and we arc now on our passage to Grand Duke of Tuscany *« dominions, 

Liglxvn, making all haste, as the Ad- and very lieauti fully situated at the 

. Binl's ship has run us out of sight, foot of nigh mountains, covered with 

r audi do not doubt that she is at an- verdure. Nothing prticular is to be 

[ chor by this time. said of this place ; from whence we 

\ Aftercniizingoff the islands of Pon- sailed for Giglio, a small mountainous 

j II, &c. for some time, we came to island, covered with foliage. The 

\ M anchor in Civita Vecchia harbonr. town is situated at the top of the 

* snthe 88th of April. It is a small highest mountain, and is fortified; it 

Ittrbour, just water enough for our is ^verned by an old Irishman, who 

ihip to lay in. \Vc arrived here on invited us to visit him, which we did. 

ibe grand festival, which lasts three We had exceedingly hard work to 

diyi; I believe it was a celebration of reach the top of the mountain, but 

the saint of the city. The Governor were amply rewarded for our trouble, 

Knt to invite all the otlicers to his as we spent a very pleasant evening, 
bouse, as there was to be a brilliant We are now (June 7) at Leghorn, 

dtsplayof fire- works in front of it; the I am much pleased with this place; 

looms were crowded with nobility it is a clean pleasant little town. There 

from Rome ; ices, &c. were handed is on the mole a very beautiful monu- 

mund, and the crackers made a good ment of four gigantic statues, and an 

tcport, and every body was pleased, immense marble statue, representing 

Afker this we went to the Play, which the Grand Duke's son, who was imt 

i*as very bad ; the house not so large as to death for breaking quarantine. The 

ibam, and of extremely bad form, it story is this: A pirate had been very 

being as lon<; as it was broad, and rect- annoying amongst the bouts, &c. be- 

mgalar, and so narrow that a person longing to the Duke* s dominions, and 

from the opposite boxes might with a nobody would engage him: tlie Dukti's 

long stick tap you on the head. In son bemg a brave man, manned a boat 

all the Italian Theatres there is a and went out to meet this common 

imall circular box in front of the stage, disturber ; and after a hard fight, over- 

in which the prompter sits and reads came and brought some away prison- 

cxh actor's part bo loud as to be very ers, who of course were put in qua- 

VDpleasant to the audience. rantine, it not being known from 

The country about Civita Vecchia whence they came : he was so elated 

is extremely beautiful. About three with the victory, that he jumped on 

'miles up the country, going out by the shore to tell the news, and thus was 

- QssiT. Mto. 5i^rr»K/V/> '''5* V^^ 



I 



996 0/ ik€ London Theaint, No. XilL [Sqit 

put to death by his father. The four parU of the "Simk of Bhodet," mi 

statues represent four black men (a the comedv of '* The Wits,'* at Apo- 

father and three sons) in chains at the thecaries* Hall. Whether this wiitD 

foot of apedestal, on which the statue avoid interrupting the respective per- 

of the Grand Duke stands. This is formances at the Cockpit or the hooK 

said to be the best piece of bronze in at Whitefriars, or that neither how 

the world. was large enough to admit a reheiinl 

1 took a ride to the English bur^'ing of the new-invented scenery^ ii on- 
ground; it is really worth seeing; certain. 

weeping willows and cypresses are In either the month of March or 

scattered about, and flowers growing April, 1662, the house wsa opened 

round each prave. In this place is with the first part of the "Sim of 

the tomb of Smollett. Rhodes," ** havmg new scenes and d^ 

We sail to night, June 7, for Elba. corations^ being the first that e'er wen 

^ introduced in Englandf." And it 

Op the Lom don Theatres. ^PP^^"^ ^}'^} P'Avenant engand ei^ 

*T YTlf women to join his company, boaidint 

JNo. Aiii. four of them, as principal actresKs, in 

Portugal-Row Theatre — Sir William his own house. 

Davenani'u Theatre — DukeofYofk't In June l666, the breaking out of 

Theatre — Dukes old Theatre in Lin- the plague occasioned a genend stop » 

coins Inn Fields — New Theatre in all dramatic exhibitions. The nmga 

Little Lincoln's Inn Fields — Lin- of that fatal distemper only seeroedto 

coln*s Inn Fields Theatre (now decrease in the metropolis in Noran- 

Spod^s Earthenware Warehouse), ber, and not wholly extinguished Wh 

SUCH are the appellations at va- ^jl February following, when the pab* 

rious times ^iven to this buildine; lie began to cautiously mingle, but it 

and much confusion has arisen, as well ^^ ftill considered necessary not to 

from the near neighbourhood of this permit the Theatres to open to gather \ 

Theatre to the one that stood by Vere- & promiscuous assemblage of nemns. 

street, already described, as from the Before a licence could be obtainodfbr 

circumstance of both respectively lie- again commencing performances, the 

ing built in Tennis-courU ♦. This awful Fire of London served to pio- 

house stood close to, if not partly upon long the suspension, and this Thotie . 

the division of the parishes of St. Giles was not again opened, until the Chrkp ' 

in the Fields and St. Clement Danes, nias holidays of l666. 
It fronted towards Little Lincoln's Inn ^^^ production of new pieces, and 

Fields, a plot of ground whereon Ca- ll^e revival of several stock playi, io- 

rey-street nas been since built, which eluding Hamlet J, Macbeth, and other 

then had a thoroughfare to Chancery- confirmed favourites by Shakspeait, 

lane near BelUyaid, through Jack-a- with the aid of splendid dresses, and 
'ane and '^ - ' • i*.. ^r .i .. . ^ 

a path-w 
crossing 
Chancery-lane. ^ superior taste, judgment, and know- 
Sir William Davenant built this ^cdge, in the regulation of a Theatfe» 
Theatre for the actors collected on the was conspicuous on all occaaionit 
eve of the Restoration by himself and planned the erecting another home 
Rhodes the bookseller, and who per- more commodious for the public, and 
formed for a short period at the Cock- also more convenient for a display of 
pit in Drury-lahe, and also at the ^^^^ improved scenery, and which was 
Whitefriars. to be erected in Dorset Gardens. Sir 
While this Theatre was building, William Davenant died before the 

Davenant prepared and rehearsed both — — ■ — 

t Downes* Roscius Angliouius, I70*i 

• Davenant, in the comedy uf "The P-^Ol. 
Playh<»uae to Ixj let," written tor the ubove J «« Ilamlct l)€iag performed by Mr.0«*" 

Theatre, makcB a Frenchinnn call his com- terton, Sir William (having seen Mr.T»y^^ 

pany a troop, which the tirc-wf>man, mis- of the Black Fryen Company act it» ^^ 

conceiving to apply to cavalry, tavs, " I being instructed by the author Mr. Sh^^T 

thought he had ta'eo our long fenoia- peare) Uught Mr. Oettertoa in evciy m^^ 

•Mirt for a stalile.*' ele of it.*'— Aosnia Ang. p. 81. 



Pariugal'Rom Theatre. — Ben Jamon'i Orave. t9f 

iras finished, the company M r. Urbav, Aug, 9Q, 
Iff there, as already noticed, 'T^HE absence of a friend from home, 
noer 1^1. J whom I was desirous of seeing^ 
t period, the old Duke's afforded me a leisure hour this morn- 
it was then called, was ing at Westminster, which I thought 
into a Tennis Court, and I could not better employ than in vi- 
:apied as such until 1694. siting the interior of the sublime Ab- 
' tne oTcrbearing system of bey Church, a venerable magnificent 
t adopted by the patentees building, in which I have passed many 
ue Theatre, having occa- an hour in contemplating the archi- 
rolt of the princijial per- tecture of its lofly ailes, and in view- 
1 the nobility supporting ing the tombs which adorn, as well as 
' a subscription (acconling those which disfigure, their design and 
ras set on foot for building beauty. I had scarcely entered the 
tre within the walls of the usual door of admittance in Poets' 
tin Lincoln's Inn Fields §.'* Corner, when I was met by an old 
le writer says, it was "but and particular friend, a member of the 
oorly fitted up, within the Church, with whom I had not long 
Tennis Quarrte Court, paced the external ailes of the choir, 
the lesser sort." when the hurried step of workmen^ 
le was called "the new and the unusual activity of the Veigers, 
I Little Lincoln's Inn announced the speedy commencement 
I was opened, under a 1h of some ceremonious spectacle^ which 
ed by King William to we soon ascertained to be the Funeral 
tterton and others, upon of Lady Wilson, whose grave was 
of April, 1695, with Con- opened in the North aile of the nave 
;tn play of " Love for op|x)site the third arch from the West 
Mfo incidental prologues end. 

ed, but neither assist our But what followed this piece of in- 
formation ensiged my interest, and 

ffae refers to the asylum forms the suQect of this Letter. It 

the performers from the was no less than a brief account of the 

1 perhaps some other tem- discovery of the grave of Ben Jonson, 

ilty, in the following lines: against whose narrow cell the foot of 

^ - J . .J *u- ^**c coffin of the above lady now rests, 

lence at fift design d this on its Western side. This description 

rr'. refuge io distre.. ; T»i?"Tfl ^^ * P?*"'*^ ""^ * "«^* 

ry 5tonn they all run hither, f.^ ^^5 Skeleton 5 and no sooner was 
lit shields 'em from